List of suspected perpetrators of crimes identified with GEDmatch

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In December 2018, police forces in the United States said that, with the help of DNA testing, GEDmatch and genetic genealogy, they had been able to identify suspects in a total of 28 cold murder and rape cases in the year 2018.[1] Also in December 2018, Family Tree DNA allowed the law enforcement agencies including the FBI to upload DNA profiles from crime scenes to help solve cold cases. So from then onwards GEDmatch was not the only site that could be used by law enforcement officials to solve crimes using genetic genealogy.[2] As of April 2019, GEDmatch had been used in at least 59 cold case arrests, most of which were the work of Parabon Nanolabs and their chief genetic genealogist CeCe Moore, as well as 11 Jane and John Doe identifications across the United States, most of which were run and funded by the DNA Doe Project.[3] In May 2019 GEDmatch tightened its rules on privacy which were forecast to make it much more difficult for law enforcement agencies to find suspects using GEDmatch.[4]

Usage by law enforcement agencies[edit]

  • Terry Peder Rasmussen was convicted for the 2002 murder of his live-in girlfriend while living under a pseudonym in California. He had previously been imprisoned under a different alias in a child abandonment case. The San Bernardino County Sheriff's Department used GEDmatch to find the girl's family and concluded that her mother, Denise Beaudin, had disappeared from New Hampshire in the early 1980's after dating Rasmussen.[5] Although Rasmussen died while imprisoned in 2010, genealogist Barbara Rae-Venter linked his DNA to the Bear Brook murders in Allenstown, New Hampshire.[6] Authorities confirmed Rasmussen was the Bear Brook killer in 2017.[7]
  • California law enforcement investigating the Golden State Killer case uploaded the DNA profile of the suspected serial rapist/killer from an intact rape kit in Ventura County[8][9] to GEDmatch.[10] It identified 10 to 20 distant relatives of the Golden State Killer, and a team of five investigators working with Barbara Rae-Venter[11] used this to construct a large family tree, which led them to identify former police officer Joseph James DeAngelo as a suspect.[12] Investigators acquired samples of his DNA from items he discarded outside his home, one of which definitively matched that of the killer.[13][14] The process took about four months, from when the first matches appeared on GEDmatch, to when DeAngelo was arrested in April 2018.[9]
  • In September 2018, Roy Charles Waller was arrested as a suspect in a series of more than ten rapes between 1991–2006 in Northern California (the "Norcal Rapist") after DNA evidence from crime scenes were matched on GEDmatch to a relative.[15] Police then constructed a family tree and using the known characteristics of the rapist narrowed the suspects down to Waller. It took little more than a week to identify and arrest the suspect.[16] He was charged with a total of 40 counts of rape which took place in different counties — Sonoma, Solano, Contra Costa, Yolo and Butte.[17]
  • in March 2019, Paul Jean Chartrand was identified by the FBI's Investigative Genealogy Team as the murderer of Barbara Becker on March 21, 1979 in San Diego. She had been repeatedly stabbed in the neck and back. Investigators found blood in several rooms of the La Jolla home. Police at the time said Becker, 37, had tried to escape and fought against her attacker, and that some of the blood was his.[18][19] However, Chartrand had already died in 1995 of undisclosed causes.[20][21]
  • In April 2019, Terrence Miller of Edmonds, Washington was arrested for the 1972 killing of 20-year-old Jody Loomis. Loomis left her home and rode her bicycle toward a stable to ride her horse. Her body was found raped, disrobed, and shot in the head in the woods. This is the second arrest in a Snohomish County cold homicide case using results from genetic genealogy, the sheriff's office said in its statement.[22][23][24] Police worked with Deb Stone, an Oregon genealogist, to identify the suspect.[25] Miller pled not guilty.[26] Miller was scheduled to go on trial on June 5, 2020, however his trial was postponed due to Covid 19.[27][28][29]
  • In April 2019, Arthur Rudy Martinez was posthumously identified as the 1977-1978 murderer and rapist of 30-year-old Jane Morton Antunez and 28-year-old Patricia Dwyer Morton in Atascadero, California, Antunez was killed in her car and Dwyer was stabbed to death in her home. Martinez, who'd been paroled after unrelated convictions for attempted murder and rape, lived in the area at the time of the deaths but left soon after. He moved to Spokane, Washington, and received life sentences there for several robberies and two rapes also in 1978. After 16 years in prison in 1994, he escaped and lived under an alias in California until 2014 when he was diagnosed with terminal cancer. He returned to Washington state and turned himself in to receive medical treatment in prison. He died behind bars two months later. The homicide cases were reopened with the Department of Justice's Familiar DNA Search Team seeking a familial DNA match to the evidence. Authorities said it led them to a relative of Martinez and a former girlfriend who provided investigators the DNA sample from a razor he had used. A lab determined the DNA from the razor matched that from the crime scenes.[30][31]
  • In May 2019, James Richard Curry was identified as the killer of Mary Silvani, formerly known as "Sheep Flats Jane Doe"/"Washoe County Jane Doe." DNA collected from Silvani's rape kit was uploaded to GEDMatch, leading to a tentative identification of the killer. However, the suspect had recently died.[32] After DNA from his son, located in a criminal database, ruled the suspect out, further investigation led to Curry, a half brother born out of wedlock in 1946 and raised in Dallas, Texas under a different family name.[33] Curry died in California on January 7, 1983, from injuries inflicted in a suicide attempt after confessing to three murders in California.[33] His two children volunteered to provide DNA samples after being contacted by investigators.[33] Silvani was also identified using genetic genealogy, making this the first known case in which both the victim and the perpetrator were identified in this way (both through the work of genetic genealogist Cheryl Hester).[34]
  • In May 2019, a grand jury in Orange County, North Carolina indicted John Russell Whitt on first-degree murder charges related to the death of his son, Robert “Bobby” Adam Whitt.[35] Bobby Whitt's skeleton was discovered under a billboard on Interstate 85-40 in September 1998; an autopsy showed that he had died by strangulation.[36] Although the case remained open, and hundreds of investigators worked on it over the years—including forensic artist Frank Bender—the remains were unidentified until Barbara Rae-Venter analyzed a DNA sample that suggested the boy had one white parent and one Asian parent. Using online genealogical services, she located a cousin in Hawai'i, who was able to provide the boy's name. The family had not reported him missing because they believed his mother, Myoung Hwa Cho, had taken him back to South Korea, where she was from.[36] Further investigation revealed that Cho's body had been located in Spartanburg County, South Carolina on May 13, 1998. She had been suffocated, and had ligature marks around her wrists.[36] John Whitt has confessed to both murders; at the time of his arrest for the murders he was serving a federal prison sentence at the Ashland FCI[37] for armed robbery and was not eligible for release on that charge until 2037.[36] On January 15, 2020 Whitt pled guilty to two counts each of second-degree murder and concealing a death and was sentenced to 26 to 32 years for each murder, to be served consecutively after he completes his sentence in federal prison for robbery in 2037.[38]
  • Eddie Lee Anderson was arrested in May 2019 for killing 30-year-old Leslie Penrod Harris in May 1976 and dumping her body near Marine Corps Air Station El Toro, Orange County, California sheriff's officials said in a news release. The FBI's Investigative Genealogy Unit had assisted the local police in identifying Anderson as a potential suspect.[39] Harris was dining with her husband at a restaurant in Costa Mesa the evening of May 17 and went out alone around 8:30 p.m. She still hadn't returned by the time the restaurant closed, and her husband reported her missing, authorities said. At about 4:30 the next morning, military police from the air base found Harris’ nude body lying on a roadway just outside its perimeter. She had been strangled.[40][41]
  • In June 2019 Mark Manteuffel was arrested in Decatur, Georgia by FBI agents and charged with brutal rapes, sodomy, torture and inflicting bodily harm using a knife in Sacramento, California between 1992 and 1994.[42] Manteuffel was a retired federal prisons worker and had lectured on criminal justice. Police used the services of the Sacramento DA and GEDmatch to indicate him as a possible suspect and used a sample of his DNA from a restaurant to match with the DNA from the crime scenes. Manteuffel pled guilty to the charges in July 2020 and was sentenced to 29 years in prison on October 23.[43][44][45][46][47]

Parabon Labs assisted identifications[edit]

In cooperation with American law enforcement organizations, Parabon NanoLabs started uploading DNA evidence from crime scenes to GEDmatch and joined forces with genetic genealogist CeCe Moore to offer genetic genealogy services to law enforcement to identify perpetrators of violent crimes. Parabon said in November 2018 they said they were working on 200 cases and about half had produced workable matches.[48][49] CeCe Moore is the head of the genetic genealogy unit responsible for most of the successful investigative genetic genealogy cases.[50][51]

2018[edit]

May[edit]

  • In 2018, the Snohomish County Sheriff's Office announced the arrest of William Earl Talbott II, a former truck driver, as a suspect in the double murder of Jay Cook and Tanya Van Cuylenborg. Law enforcement investigators from the state of Washington investigating the murder had worked with Parabon NanoLabs to assemble a digital DNA profile of the suspected murderer and uploaded it to GEDmatch. The website had two relatives who were relatively close matches to the DNA profile, and within two days the genealogist CeCe Moore was able to narrow down the profile to one suspect.[52] In June 2019 Talbott was convicted of two counts of murder[53] and sentenced to two life sentences, both without parole.[54]

June[edit]

  • Law enforcement in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania working with Parabon NanoLabs used GEDmatch to identify a relative of the murderer in the 1992 sexual assault and murder of the schoolteacher Christy Mirack in her home in East Lampeter Township. Raymond Charles Rowe (also known as "D.J. Freez"), was arrested in June 2018.[55] He and Mirack frequented some of the same clubs, and Rowe's route to work took him past Mirack's apartment, Lancaster County District Attorney Craig Stedman said, Stedman said Rowe did not provide a motive when he confessed. Rowe pled guilty to avoid the death penalty and was sentenced to life without parole.[56][57] He has since been moved State Correctional Institution – Waymart.[56]
  • Law enforcement also used GEDmatch and Parabon's genetic genealogist CeCe Moore to narrow down suspects to two brothers in the 1986 rape and murder of 12-year-old Michella Welch in Tacoma, Washington. Gary C. Hartman, one of the brothers, was arrested and charged with first-degree murder and first-degree rape in June 2018, after police collected his DNA from a discarded restaurant napkin. He pleaded not guilty.[58][59][60] In 2019 Washington state passed "Jennifer and Michella's law," named after Michella Welch and Jennifer Bastian, a 13-year-old girl who was also murdered in 1986. This law allowed police more latitude in taking DNA samples from convicted sex offenders.[61]
  • GEDmatch was also used by CeCe Moore to identify the murderer of 40-year-old Virginia Freeman, who was killed in Brazos, Texas in 1981, as James Otto Earhart. Earhart had already been executed in 1999 for another murder.[34]

July[edit]

  • In July 2018, John D. Miller confessed[62] to the 1988 rape and murder of 8 year old April Tinsley near Fort Wayne, Indiana, after DNA samples were sent to GEDmatch by Parabon and used to identify his relatives.[63] Miller was sentenced to 80 years in prison.[9]
  • Spencer Monnet was identified using GEDmatch and arrested in July 2018 for the burglary and rape 79-year-old Carla Brooks in St. George Utah, 14 weeks after the crime had been committed.[64] He pleaded guilty, was sentenced to five years to life in prison and has since been moved to the Central Utah Correctional Facility.[65][66][67] This was the first known active case where GEDmatch and investigative genetic genealogy were both used to identify the suspect.
  • Matthew Dusseault and Tyler Grenon were arrested for the 2016 murder of 81 year old Constance Gauthier who was stabbed more than 60 times.[68] However, the case against Grenon was dismissed while Dusseault is still being charged with the murder and pleaded innocent.[69][70][71] The state is seeking life without parole against Dusseault.[72]

August[edit]

  • In August 2018, Darold Wayne Bowden was charged with being the Ramsey Street Rapist, a serial rapist who assaulted women in Fayetteville, North Carolina from 2006 to 2008. DNA samples uploaded to GEDmatch were linked to him by the work of CeCe Moore.[73] He was charged with 44 offences including rape, larceny, burglary and breaking and entering and is now suspected in two more rapes that took place in 1998 and 2012.[74][75]
  • In August 2018, Michael Henslick was arrested as a suspect in the sexual assault and murder of 22-year-old Holly Cassano in 2009 in Mahomet, Illinois, after DNA evidence left at the scene was linked to him through GEDmatch and the work of CeCe Moore.[76] He pled not guilty and initially faced between 20–60 years in prison however the state found a way to give him a natural life sentence.[77][78][79] Henslick's trial began on February 10, 2020 and ended on February 14, with Henslick being found guilty of first degree murder. Henslick was due to be sentenced on March 20. However his sentencing was postponed indefinitely due to the Covid-19 pandemic but has since been sentenced to life in prison and is imprisoned in the Stateville Correctional Center.[80][81][82][83][84][85][86]

September[edit]

  • In September 2018, Marlon Michael Alexander was arrested as a suspect for a series of rapes in Montgomery County, Maryland between 2007–2011 after DNA samples from the rapes were submitted to Parabon who linked the perpetrator through GEDmatch to two relatives, one of whom, a female relative in Georgia, helped the local police identify Alexander.[87] Alexander plead guilty to two offences. In May 2019 he was found guilty of three rapes and sentenced to two concurrent life sentences in jail although he is now asking the judge to reduce the sentence.[88] He has since been sent to the North Branch Correctional Institution.[89][90]
  • Luke Fleming was arrested in September 2018 as a suspect in the 1999 rape and murder of Deborah Dalzell in Sarasota, Florida. Using autosomal DNA from his sperm and GEDmatch, Parabon and genealogist Barbara Rae-Venter[91] constructed a family tree which pointed to a Florida resident Joseph Fleming, who was dead, but had two living sons, one of whom, Luke Fleming matched DNA from the crime scene.[92] Luke Fleming's trial began on February 25, 2020 and on February 27, he was found guilty.[93] He was sentenced to two concurrent life sentences since the prosecution did not seek the death penalty against Fleming.[94][95] Fleming is now imprisoned in the Central Florida Reception Center.[96]

October[edit]

  • In October 2018 Parabon's CeCe Moore used GEDmatch to identify Robert Eugene Brashers, a "violent serial rapist and murderer", as the 1990 killer of 28 year old Genevieve Zitricki in Greenville South Carolina, as the rapist of a 14-year-old girl in 1997 in Memphis Tennessee and the murder of 12-year old Megan Sherer and her mother 38-year-old Sherri Sherer in Portageville, Missouri in 1998.[97] Brashers had committed suicide in 1999 after he was approached by police officers in Kennett, Missouri. His body was exhumed in 2018 and confirmed a match to DNA from the crime scenes.[98]
  • Parabon's technology and the work of CeCe Moore led to the arrest of Michael Wayne Devaughn in the murder case of 65-year-old Betty Jones and in the sexual assault case of 81-year-old Kathryn Crigler in Starkville, Mississippi in 1990, who died two months later (called the 'Labor Day Murder'). Devaughn, already in jail for a drug offense, was arrested in October 2018. He faces either the death penalty or life without parole.[99][100] He pleaded not guilty.[101]
  • Parabon helped the Faulkner County, Arkansas police identify Edward Keith Renegar in October 2018 as the primary suspect of the kidnap, rape and murder of 32 year old Pam Felkins in Greenbriar, Arkansas in 1990. Renegar was convicted of kidnapping a woman at knife-point in Arkansas 1994 but had died in 2002.[102]

November[edit]

  • In November 2018 the Fulton County, Georgia police with the aid of Parabon's DNA Genetic Genealogy unit, tracked down and arrested 61 year old Jerry Lee in Alabama for the 1997 murder of 28 year old Lorrie Ann Smith. It was obvious that Smith had fought for her life and Police were able to use blood from the murder scene to extract the killers DNA. The police noted at the time of the arrest that "Despite a reward of more than $30,000 and DNA tests conducted on more than 100 individuals over the last 21 years, Police had been unable to positively identify the suspect until this week."[103] In May 2019, Lee was released on $150,000 bond.[104]
  • In November 2018 Maryland police, with the help of Parabon, arrested Fred Frampton Jr. for the armed robbery and shooting of 24 year old Michael Anthony Temple Jr. in Odenton, Maryland in 2010 leaving Temple a quadriplegic. Temple died in 2015 as a result of the 2010 attack. The robbery and murder was committed by two men but the second suspect, Jonathan Ludwig, had died in March 2018.[105] Frampton plead guilty to murder and in September 2019 was sentenced to 55 years in prison.[106][107][108][109][110] He has since been incarcerated in the Western Correctional Institution.[111]
  • In November 2018, Benjamin Lee Holmes was arrested as a suspect in the murder of University of Central Florida student Christine Franke 17 years earlier on October 21, 2001 when she was shot in the head during a robbery in Orlando, Florida. Parabon used a sample from the crime scene to put the DNA of the killer into GEDmatch and identified three distant cousins. CeCe Moore used genealogy techniques to narrow down to the most likely suspects. Law enforcement interviewed family members, collected DNA samples and compared them to the killer's DNA. Detective Michael Fields said "Through this testing, we were able to show the kinship relationship between the killer and different family members. We eliminated most of the family using genetic genealogy and eventually, we were able to narrow down the suspect list to two brothers, one of which was Benjamin Lee Holmes."[112] Holmes pleaded not guilty and his trial was tentatively scheduled for August 2019 then rescheduled for June 2020.[113][114][115][116][117]
  • Parabon and geneticist Barbara Rae-Venter[91] helped the Carlsbad, California police In November 2018 identify David Mabrito as the suspected killer of 39 year old Jodine Serrin in 2007 using DNA matches to some of his relatives. Mabrito was an itinerant who had family in the area and had already died in 2011. Police discovered they already had an unprocessed DNA sample from Mabrito that matched Serrin's killer.[118][119]
  • Parabon and CeCe Moore used GEDmatch to point towards John Arthur Getreu as a suspect in the murder by strangulation of 21-year-old Stanford University graduate Leslie Marie Perlov in 1973 in Santa Clara, California. After Police found Getreu's DNA matched the DNA from the scene of Perlov's death they arrested him.[120] Getreu was also later charged with the 1974 murder by strangulation of 21-year-old Janet Taylor in Palo Alto, California.[121] he pleaded not guilty to either of the crimes.[122][123]

December[edit]

  • In December 2018, Christopher Quinn Williams, was arrested in Montgomery, Texas as a suspect in multiple burglaries since October 2015. The burglar broke into homes and fondled sleeping women. He was indicted on four second-degree charges of burglary of habitation, each punishable by up to 20 years in prison and was released on $160,000 bond.[124][125]
  • In December 2018, Jerry Lynn Burns was arrested as the suspect in the December 1979 murder of 18 year old Michelle Martinko in Cedar Rapids, Iowa after Parabon used GEDmatch to build the suspect's family tree from his DNA left at the scene and from relatives who had entered their DNA.[126] His trial date was set for October 14, 2019, however his trial instead began on February 10, 2020 and was ordered to take place outside of Linn County due to the publicity of the case. Burns pled not guilty and denied killing Martinko during an interview with police. He could not provide a "plausible explanation" for why his DNA would be in Martinko's car.[127][128][129][130][131] Burns was convicted of first degree murder on February 24, 2020,[132] and was due to be sentenced in early April but was rescheduled for August and was sentenced to life in prison without parole.[133][134]

2019[edit]

January[edit]

  • In January 2019, Florida Police announced Parabon had identified William Louis Nichols as the violent rapist of a 12-year-old girl in Hernando County, Florida in 1983 using genetic genealogy but Nichols had already died in 1998 of cancer.[135] Nichols had a history of sexual offences.
  • In January 2019, Russell Anthony Guerrero was arrested in Arizona and had to be extradited to California as a result of Parabon's Genetic Genealogy Unit's work. The Alameda County District Attorney's Office charged him with the December 17, 1990 murder in Fremont, California of Jack Upton who had not shown up to work for several days. Officers went to the 30-year-old man's apartment and found his body. Police called it "a brutal homicide" when announcing the arrest.[136][137]
  • In January 2019, Zachary Bunney was arrested as a suspect in the June 2006, murder of Scott Martinez who was stabbed several times by a sword in La Mesa, California thanks to the work of Parabon's Genetic Genealogy Team. Zachary faced a maximum of 26 years to life in prison.[138][139] He originally pleaded not guilty and his trial was scheduled for January 21, 2020 however at a court appearance in November he changed his plea to guilty to voluntary manslaughter in exchange for a 12-year state prison term and was sentenced on December 17.[140][141][142][143] Bunney is currently housed in the California Institution for Men.[144]
  • In January 2019, Portland police with the assistance of Parabon's Genetic Genealogy Team identified Jerry Walter McFadden as the man who strangled a 20-year-old woman found dead in her apartment in 1979 by matching crime-scene DNA to data in a GEDmatch.com, McFadden, was executed by lethal injection in 1999 for the rape and slaying of an 18-year-old high school cheerleader, one of three people killed by Mcfadden during a daylong murder rampage in 1986, about 100 miles (160 km) east of Dallas, Texas. At the time of his arrest in those killings, he was on parole after three rape convictions.[145]

February[edit]

  • In February 2019, Steven Downs was identified and arrested for the 1993 Alaska murder of Sophie Sergie through the genetic genealogy work of Parabon and CeCe Moore. Sergie's body was found by a custodian in the bathroom of an eight-story dormitory. She had been sexually assaulted, stabbed and shot in the back of the head.[146][147] Downs was initially held without bail (although he is now being held at $1 million bail) and he claimed to be innocent, adamantly denying any involvement in this crime.[148][149] Downs trial was tentatively scheduled for September 2020 but is now expected for 2021.[150]
  • In February 2019, Joseph Holt was identified as the perpetrator of the 1977 murder of Brynn Rainy and the 1979 murder of Carol Andersen through the work of Parabon and their Genetic Genealogy Unit.[151] However Joseph Holt had already died in 2014.[152]
  • In February 2019, Brian Keith Munns of Georgia was arrested for the 1988 murder of Alice Haynsworth Ryan who was stabbed to death in her home. Munns has a criminal history that shows he was charged with first-degree criminal sexual conduct in 1998 to which he pleaded guilty and was in prison from 2001 to 2007 being released on probation. Bit was incarcerated again when his community supervision was revoked and was released in 2009 but was sent back July that same year for failing to register as a sex offender but was released in October that year.[153]
  • Jesse Bjerke was arrested in February 2019 for abducting and raping at gunpoint a female lifeguard after following her home from a pool on South Pickett Street, Alexandria, Virginia in 2016. Parabon Nanolabs and CeCe Moore helped police using genetic genealogy techniques.[154] If convicted Bjerke would have faced life in prison. In October Bjerke pled guilty and was originally due to be sentenced on March 19, 2020, however after also pleading guilty to a similar August 1, 2015 rape in Fairfax County he was rescheduled to be sentenced on May 15, however his sentencing was rescheduled again due to the coronavirus and on October 2, he was sentenced to 65 years in prison.[155][156][157]

March[edit]

  • In March 2019, Police in South Dakota arrested Theresa (Josten) Bentaas for the 1981 homicide of her baby boy. The 38-year-old cold case of the dead abandoned baby was solved using DNA from genealogy sites to identify the child's mother. The Sioux Falls police discovered a full-term baby dead, wrapped in a blanket and abandoned in a cornfield ditch. The cause of death was judged to be exposure to the elements. The baby's father was already found on February 15 and he was not charged because he never knew about his son's birth or death.[158][159] She was charged with first-degree murder, along with the lesser included offenses of second-degree murder and manslaughter.[160] Bentaas was scheduled to go on trial in June 2019 but was rescheduled for April 2020 however the trial was again rescheduled to June 10, 2020.[161] She faces a maximum of life in prison.[162]
  • In March 2019, Florida Police, with the help of GEDmatch and Parabon, arrested Thomas Lewis Garner who was charged with the 1984 beating and death by strangulation in Sanford, Florida, of 25-year-old Pamela Cahanes who had just graduated from US Naval basic training.[163] Garner denied involvement with the murder.[164]
  • In March 2019, Parabon used GEDmatch to help police identify Kenneth Earl Day as the person who raped a 53-year-old woman in 1989 and raped and murdered 44-year-old Le Bich-Thuy in 1994 in Rockville, West Virginia. However Day had already died in 2017 at age 52.[165]
  • In March 2019, through the work of Parabon's Genetic Genealogy Unit, 82-year-old Raymond L. Vannieuwenhoven was arrested in Lakewood in connection with the 1976 shooting deaths of a David Schuldes, 25, and Ellen Matheys, 24, were shot at McClintock Park in Silver Cliff, Wisconsin. Matheys was also sexually assaulted. Vannieuwenhoven did not seem surprised when he was arrested yet pled not guilty.[166][167] If convicted on all charges he could face 2 consecutive life sentences plus an additional 15 years.[168] Vannieuwenhoven was deemed incompetent to stand trial.[169]
  • In March 2019, Coley McCraney, a truck driver with no criminal record, was arrested after genetic testing and the work of Parabon's Genetic Genealogy Team matched his DNA to evidence collected in 1999 from a car trunk that contained the bodies of two girls shot to death in Ozark, Alabama, authorities said. Tracie Hawlett and J.B. Beasley, both 17, had headed out to a party on July 3, 1999, but never arrived. They became lost, and Hawlett called her mother to say they had gotten directions and were headed home. They never arrived there, either. Their bodies were found the next day in the trunk of Beasley's car, less than a half-mile from the pay phone Hawlett used to talk to her mother. Both had been shot in the head, authorities said. Despite hundreds of interviews and seemingly endless hunting, a suspect was never found. The police chief released no details on a possible motive or what the suspect said to investigators following his arrest. McCraney is being held without bail and a preliminary hearing will be scheduled within two weeks, Adams said. McCraney pled not guilty. McCraneys trial was originally scheduled for February 3, 2020 but was rescheduled to May 4, 2020, however due to Covid 19, McCraney’s trial was rescheduled to 2021. [170][171] Prosecution said they would seek the death penalty.[172][173][174][175]
  • Montana police announced in March, 2019, that, with the help of GEDmatch and Parabon, they had identified Cecil Stan Caldwell as the prime suspect in the murder of 24-year-old Clifford Bernhardt and the sexual assault and murder of his wife 24-year-old Linda Bernhardt in Billings, Montana in 1973. However Caldwell, a former co-worker of Linda Bernhardt, had already died in 2003.[176]
  • Marquise D. Dozier was arrested in Indiana for three rapes that took place between 2015–2017. He entered a guilty plea and faced up to 72 years in prison but as part of his plea deal was sentenced in September to 55 years in prison.[177][178] Dozier is currently imprisoned in the Pendleton Correctional Facility and his earliest possible release date is 06/25/2060.[179]

April[edit]

  • In April 2019, Greenville, South Carolina police arrested Brook Graham for abandoning her infant daughter in February 1990, the infant was dead when discovered. Parabon linked the baby's DNA to a relative of the father on GEDmatch using genetic genealogy. Police allege Brook Graham put her newly born infant, along with the placenta and umbilical cord, into a cardboard vacuum cleaner box and ditched the baby in a field near a pile of debris in February 1990. The case is called the "Julie Valentine" case, based on what investigators named the baby. She was originally charged with homicide by child abuse but that was upgraded to murder.[180] The case was the second one to be solved by Parabon using GEDmatch and genetic genealogy in Greenville in a 6-month span after a now-dead man named Robert Eugene Brashers was identified in October 2018 as a serial killer who committed one murder in Greenville.[181][182] In May 2019 Brook Graham was also charged with unlawful neglect of a child and desecration of human remains in connection with the body of another baby (a boy) found dead in April 1989 in Greenville County.[183]
  • In April 2019, Richard E. Knapp was arrested after Parabon used his DNA to find his relatives using genetic genealogy. The police matched Knapp's DNA to that left at the scene of the July 17, 1994 rape and murder of 26-year-old Audrey Hoellein in Vancouver, Washington.[184][185]
  • In April 2019, police from Centerville, Utah arrested a 17-year-old boy for allegedly assaulting 71-year-old Margaret Orlando on November 17, 2018 while she was practicing the organ in a church meetinghouse. Initially Parabon refused to take on this case but the Police got special permission from Curtis Rodgers, the founder of GEDmatch, on the grounds that the assailant could strike again. Utah detectives found a rock with the alleged perpetrators DNA and sent it to Parabon, which used GEDMatch and genetic genealogy to identify the suspect.[186] Although this was not the first time GEDmatch had been used by Law Enforcement for a case that did not involve homicide, rape or kidnapping[187] (see the case of Christopher Quinn Williams, above), it was the first to gain widespread attention and lead to a fierce backlash about unregulated access by police to genealogy databases.[188] Because of this, GEDmatch significantly tightened up its rules of access by law enforcement agencies.[189] The teen plead guilty to his crimes and was sent to a youth lockup where he could stay until his 21st birthday depending on his progress.[190][191]

May[edit]

  • In May 2019, Terre Haute Police Chief Shawn Keen announced that Parabon had helped the agency to identify Jeffrey Lynn Hand as the possible killer of Pamela Milam, 19, who was raped and strangled in 1972. She was last seen on the night of Sept. 15, 1972, leaving a sorority event at Indiana State University in Terre Haute, Indiana southwest of Indianapolis. Her body was found bound and gagged in the trunk of her car the next night. With the help of Parabon and GEDmatch, police found Hand's widow and two sons, obtained their DNA and after submitting it to Indiana's state crime lab concluded that Hand was almost certainly the killer.[192] Hand was killed in a shootout with police in 1978 during an attempted kidnapping. Hand had been previously arrested in 1973 for killing a hitchhiker he picked up, but pleaded not guilty of murder by reason of insanity. The case was never tried and Hand was freed from prison in 1976,[193]
  • Brian Leigh Dripps confessed to the sexual assault and murder by stabbing of 18-year-old Angie Dodge in 1996 after Idaho Falls, Idaho Police charged him in May 2019. Dripps had lived in the same street as Dodge.[194] Parabon's CeCe Moore identified Dripps using GEDmatch and genetic genealogy.[195] Dripps pled not guilty at a September court appearance.[196] Previously the police had targeted other men for the murder[197] - one of whom, Chris Tapp, had been sentenced to life with a minimum of 20 years in prison.[194] Tapp was exonerated in July 2019 based on the new evidence and Dripp's confession.[198] Dripps trial is scheduled for June 8, 2021 and prosecutors are seeking the death penalty against Dripps.[199]
  • In May 2019 Seattle, Washington Police announced that the DNA from Frank Wypych matched the DNA from the killer of a 20-year-old Susan Galvin. Galvin, a Seattle Police Department records clerk, had died in 1967 from strangulation and had been sexually assaulted. CeCe Moore at Parabon[200] built family trees of the matches on GEDmatch and found only one man could have been Galvin's killer's, which lead police to identify Wypych as a suspect. Wypych had already died in 1987 but Wypych's body was dug up to make the confirmatory DNA match.[201] At 52 years old this was the oldest case to be solved using GEDmatch until a man murdered in about 1963 whose body was not found until 1985 was identified in June 2019, as Roger Kelso.
  • Johnnie B. Green, Jr., was arrested in Fayetteville, North Carolina and accused of nine rapes during the period from June 2009 to December 2010.[202]

June[edit]

  • Michael Whyte was arrested in June 2019 for the murder by strangulation of 20-year-old US Army Specialist Darlene Krashoc in 1987. Krashoc had been based at Fort Carson, El Paso County, Colorado and had been at a club in 1987 with members of her unit. She was last seen alive leaving the club between midnight and 1:00 a.m. The local Colorado Springs police had used Parabon Nanolabs to help using genetic genealogy.[203]
  • Eugene Carroll Field was identified as the rapist and murderer of 60-year-old Gwen Miller, who was murdered in her Rapid City, South Dakota home on February 29, 1968. Field died in 2009.[204]
  • A body of a man who had suffered severe upper body trauma and had been murdered in about 1963 was found in a trash can in 1985 in Anne Arundel County, Maryland. In June 2019, local police with the help of CeCe Moore and Parabon Nanolabs identified the body as that of 20-year-old Roger Kelso, born in Fort Wayne, Indiana in 1943. The murderer was not identified.[205]
  • Gail Ritchey was arrested for murder in the death of her newborn baby boy, which she allegedly left along the side of a Thompson Township road in 1993. Investigators say Ritchey confessed to the crime and also revealed she did something similar with another child two year years earlier to which she pled not guilty. Authorities have not announced any charges related to the second infant death. Ritchey's husband, who is the father to her three grown children, has not been charged. Ritchey's trial was scheduled to begin on January 27, 2020, according to court records but has since been moved to April 27 but was cancelled due to the coronavirus pandemic and was rescheduled for August 24 and again for March 29, 2021.[206][207][208][209][210]

July[edit]

  • The Steuben County Indiana police announced in July 2019 that they, with the help of Parabon Nanolabs, had identified the body of a woman found near Angola, Indiana in 1999. The woman was named as Tina L. Cabanaw from Detroit, Michigan. The cause of death was described as highly suspicious and undetermined.[211]

August[edit]

  • Ivan Keith was arrested for four rapes that occurred between 1996 and 1998 in West Bridgewater, Easton, Quincy, and Taunton, Massachusetts.[212]
  • Timothy Norris was arrested in West Virginia as a suspect for raping a woman at knife-point on August 22, 1983 in Florida. Norris, who is serving a federal sentence in West Virginia for armed bank robbery, has been charged with sexual battery with a weapon and is awaiting extradition to Florida.[213][214]

September[edit]

  • Donald F. McQuade was arrested in Oregon for the January 1978 sexual assault and murder of 16-year old Shelley Connolly which occurred in Alaska. This was the second Alaskan case in 2019 to be solved using genetic genealogy after Steven Downs was arrested for the murder of Sophie Sergie.[215]
  • Donald Steven Perea was identified as the rapist and murderer of 18-year-old Jeannie Moore, whose body was found on August 30, 1981 in Genesee Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. Perea died in 2012.[216]
  • Jake Edward Brown was identified as the rapist and murderer of 11-year-old Terri Lynn Hollis in California November 1972. Brown died in 2003 in Arizona so he was not arrested. Brown was arrested for two rapes after Terri Lynn's murder—one in 1973 and one in 1974—and served jail time. Police are still investigating to see if Brown may have been involved in other unsolved crimes.[217][218]
  • Robert Hayes was arrested in September 2019, and charged with the murder of 35-year-old Rachel Bay in March 2006 in Palm Beach County, Florida. Parabon had helped Florida police using genetic genealogy and DNA from Bay's murder scene matched DNA from a cigarette that Hayes had discarded. Florida police also suspected that Hayes was a serial killer that had murdered Laquetta Gunther, Julie Green and Iwana Patton in a December 2005 - February 2006 time period in Daytona Beach.[219]
  • Willie Moore was arrested in Wyoming and Erlene Lee was arrested in Texas for the September 18, 1983 murder of Anthony Baltes at the Sandman Motel in Tulsa, Oklahoma. Authorities said Baltes was a victim of robbery.[220]

October[edit]

  • Nickey Stane was arrested as a suspect in four sexual assaults that took place between 1999 and 2002 in Visalia, California and he is also a suspect in the 1996 rape and murder of Debbie Dorian for which he is also being charged with.[221][222] He originally faced a maximum sentence of 70 years to life in prison if convicted of his charges.[223][224] but after being charged with murder now faces life in prison without parole or the death penalty.[225] Stane has pled not guilty.[226]
  • In Washington state, Patrick Nicholas was arrested for the 1991 rape and murder of 16-year-old Sarah Yarborough.[227][228]
  • Jeffrey King was arrested in Coatesville, Pennsylvania for sexually assaulting a woman on August 4, 1993 in Newark, Delaware.[229][230][231]
  • Mason Hall was arrested for raping a 19-year-old woman at gunpoint on August 1, 2017 at Norristown, Pennsylvania.[232][233]
  • Philip Cross was identified as the murderer and rapist of 18-year old Traci Hammerberg in Saukville, Wisconsin in 1984. However, Cross died in 2012 so he could not be arrested.[234]

November[edit]

  • On November 13, 2019, Giles Daniel Warrick was arrested as the Potomac River Rapist, a serial rapist and killer who terrorized Maryland raping 9 and killing one in the 1990s.[235]
  • Horace Van Vaultz Jr was arrested in Los Angeles for the 1986 killing of Mary Duggan in Burbank and the 1981 slaying of Selena Keough in Montclair. The victims were both strangled and sexually assaulted, according to investigators, who have been in touch with other law enforcement agencies about Van Vaultz's possible links to other cold cases.[236] Van Vaultz had a long history of violence against women. He pled not guilty to all charges.[237]
  • Dennis Lee Bowman was arrested for the September 1980 rape and murder of 25-year-old Kathleen O'Brien Doyle in Norfolk, Virginia. In May 2020, Bowman was also charged with the March 1989 murder of his 14-year-old adopted daughter Aundria Bowman (born Alexis Badger) in Michigan, after her remains were found in February.[238][239][240]
  • In November 2019, it was reported that police had identified Perrean Gray, 20, as the woman firefighters found dead in a dumpster on June 29, 2001. With the help of Parabon NanoLabs, Sacramento homicide investigators identified Gray and ascertained that she had been reported missing in San Francisco.[241]

December[edit]

  • Kevin Mcnamee was arrested for breaking and entering and raping a 24-year-old woman that took place on September 20, 1991. Mcnamee already had a criminal history involving burglary.[242]
  • On June 15, 1984, 15-year-old Reesa Trexler's naked body was found riddled with 47 stab wounds in the spare room of her grandparent's home, Trexler was also raped. No suspect was ever arrested although for years, members of Trexler's family, including her own sister Jodi Laird, had been considered possible suspects in the brutal crime. However, in December 2019, Curtis Edward Blair, who was still living in San Diego when he died of heart failure in 2004 was identified as a suspect. Blair was in his 40s at the time the murder and had worked near the crime scene. Salisbury Police Sgt. Travis Shulenburger also said Blair had a criminal history including assault with a deadly weapon, which he had served time in prison for. Blair's death made it impossible to charge him with the murder.[243][244]
  • James Francis McNichols was identified as the rapist and murderer of 11-year-old Julie Fuller, who disappeared in Arlington, Texas on June 27, 1983. Her body was found the next day in Fort Worth. McNichols died in 2004 at the age of 52.[245]
  • Robert Brian Thomas was arrested in Michigan as a suspect in two rapes that took place in Florida in 1998.[246]
  • Joseph Clinton Mills was arrested for the September 4, 1981 sexual assault and slaying of Linda Patterson Slaten.[247][248]
  • James Curtis Clanton was arrested in Florida for the Jan. 16, 1980 Colorado kidnapping, sexual assault and murder of 21-year-old Helene Pruszynski.[249][250] In February 2020, Clanton pled guilty to murder and was due to be sentenced on April 10 but his sentencing was postponed to July 1, due to Covid-19 and he was sentenced to life in prison with 20 years before parole and was originally sent to the Centennial Correctional Facility but has since been transferred to the Bent County Correctional Facility.[251][252][253][254][255][256]

2020[edit]

January[edit]

  • Larry Eugene Gould was arrested in Gallatin, Tennessee for the Sept. 24, 1988 rape of a 51-year-old woman in St. Petersburg, Florida.[257][258]
  • Bruce Lindahl was linked to the 1976 rape and murder of 16-year old Pamela Maurer. Lindahl is also now suspected of being a serial killer and rapist responsible for the murders of up to 12 people and the rapes of 9 more. Lindahl died on April 4, 1981 after he accidentally slashed an artery in his leg while stabbing an 18-year-old man to death in an apartment in Naperville before he was a person of interest in the case so he cannot be charged with the murders.[259][260]
  • Robert Eugene Koehler a registered sex offender from Palm Bay was arrested as the suspected "Pillowcase Rapist" who committed at least 40 rapes that took place from May 1981 and February 1986 in South Florida. The Pillowcase Rapist terrorized women from South Miami to Deerfield Beach between May 1981 and February 1986. Using a pillowcase, towel or shirt to hide his identity, the rapist broke into town homes and apartments and attacked his victims. the rapist was careful not to leave physical evidence — hence how he was able to escape detection for so long.[261][262]
  • Angel Gurule was arrested as a suspect in a December 24, 2015 rape case where Gurule allegedly tackled and sexually assaulted a jogger on a trail along the Rio Grande near Rio Bravo. The Bernalillo County Sheriff's Office opened an investigation but had no leads for years because no suspects ever showed up in the government database, known as CODIS but turned up no leads. After Gurule was arrested he admitted to the attack and investigators even took him out to the actual trail and he walked them through where he saw the victim, where he attacked her,” lead investigator Kyle Hartsock said. At the time of the incident, Gurule was 19 and a recent graduate of Sandia High School where he was on the cross country team. Gurule is also named as a suspect in the sexual assault of a 14-year-old girl in a separate case that happened just three months before the other rape.[263][264] In May, Gurule pled guilty to two counts of criminal sexual penetration in the second degree and was sentenced to 12 years in prison on August 5.[265][266]
  • Wesley Backman was identified as the killer of 25-year-old Tangie Sims who was found stabbed to death in an alley in Aurora, Colorado in October 1996. Backman, a truck driver, could not be arrested as he died in 2008.[267][268]

February[edit]

  • Jenna and Jacob Cisneros were arrested and charged with involuntary manslaughter and child endangerment in the case of a baby found dead in an abandoned car on May 11, 2017.[269] they are now also being charged with the death of another infant found dead in a different car on February 10, 2020. Jenna was sentenced to 25 years in prison after changing her plea from not guilty to no contest.[270][271][272]
  • William Blankenship was arrested in Cincinnati, Ohio as a suspected serial rapist accused of raping three women between 1999 and 2001.[273][274]
  • Hans Huitz was shot dead by police officers who went to arrest him for the March 22, 1992 theft and fatal stabbing of 57-year-old James Essel.[275]
  • Jonathan D. Hurst was arrested in Cincinnati, Ohio for the Aug. 14, 2016, killings of Patricia Wilson, 85, and Robert Wilson, 65, in DeKalb County, Georgia. If convicted, Hurst could face up to life in prison.[276]
  • On February 27, 1973, 57-year old Naomi Sanders was found sexually assaulted and strangled to death in Vallejo, California, and in February 2019, Robert Dale Edwards, a coworker of Sanders, was identified as her killer. Edwards died of a drug overdose in 1993, so he could not be arrested for the murder - he had a criminal history that included assault, theft, DUI, domestic violence, assault with a deadly weapon and attempted murder.[277][278]
  • Deborah Riddle O’Connor was arrested and charged with first-degree murder for the death of her infant son, who died on March 3, 1999 when a plastic trash bag was tossed from a moving vehicle onto the side of Canady Pond Road in southern Cumberland County. Hours later, a soldier driving by saw the bag and what appeared to be a doll inside. Instead, it was the body of a baby boy not even 24 hours old with the umbilical cord still attached. Detectives determined that the child died of blunt force trauma. The child was dubbed "Baby Michael" after the patron saint of law enforcement officers. O’Connor faces a possible sentence of life in prison to death on the first-degree murder charge.[279]

March[edit]

  • Daniel Rees was arrested for the March 30, 1991 Ohio rape and murder of 23-year old Rachael Johnson.[280]
  • Daniel Leonard Wells, 57, was arrested March 18 in Pensacola, Florida for the January 1, 1985 Pensacola sexual assault and murder of 23-year-old Tonya McKinley.[281] Wells was unable to be convicted of the murder since he committed suicide on April 2.[282]
  • Clayton Carl Giese was linked to the August 3, 1985 rape and murder of 12-year-old Marsi Leah Belecz in Spokane, Washington. Giese was not arrested, as he died in January 1989 in a car crash.[283]

April[edit]

  • James Raymond Taylor was identified as the Aug. 18, 1963 rapist and murderer of 16-year old Margaret "Peggy" Beck near Deckers, Colorado. At 56 years old, this was the oldest case to be solved using GEDmatch.[284]
  • Vernon Parker was identified as the killer of 17-year-old Mary London, whose body was found on January 15, 1981 in Sacramento, California. Mary was developmentally disabled and a tenth grader at Sacramento High School. Parker was not able to be arrested for her murder, as he had been murdered in 1982.[285]
  • Phillip Lee Wilson was arrested and charged with the April 24, 1980 rape and murder of 20-year-old Robin Brooks in Sacramento, California.[286]
  • Daniel Alan Anderson was identified as the killer in the 1983 murder of 15-year-old John Muncy in Delaware County, Ohio. Anderson died in 2013.[287]

May[edit]

  • James Zastawnik was arrested for the December 1987 rape and murder of 17-year-old Barbara Blatnik in Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio.[288]
  • Clark Perry Baldwin, a long-haul trucker from Iowa, was arrested and charged with the March 1991 murders of 33-year-old Pamela Rose Aldridge McCall and her unborn fetus in Spring Hill, Tennessee. He was also charged with the 1992 murders of two unidentified women, known as Bitter Creek Betty and Sheridan County Jane Doe, in Wyoming.[289][290]
  • Stoney Brown was arrested for a series of burglaries, rapes and kidnappings that happened in Cincinnati between 1995 and 1996.[291][292][293]
  • Joseph Jones was arrested in Santa Fe for the July 30, 2018 New Mexico murder of 52-year old Robert Romero who was shot to death in his backyard during a burglary.[294][295]
  • Angelo Alleano Jr., a firefighter, was arrested for four burglaries and sexual assaults that occurred between 2001 and 2008 in Manchester and Vernon, Connecticut.[296][297]
  • Paul Leroy Martin was identified as the killer of 23-year-old Betty Lee Jones, whose body was found on March 9, 1970, in Boulder County, Colorado. She had been bound, sexually assaulted, strangled, and shot. Martin was unable to be charged with her murder, as he died in June 2019.[298]

June[edit]

  • Julius William Hill Jr. was identified as the killer of 47-year-old Carolyn Cox Rose, whose body was found on April 7, 1978, in Escambia County, Florida. Hill died in 2007 in the United States Penitentiary in Victorville, California, where he was serving a 30-year sentence for two bank robberies.[299]
  • Daniel Nyquist was arrested for and pled guilty to the October 19, 2004 double murder of 8-year-old Mohammed Armory and 56-year-old Anna-Lena Svensson in Linköping, Sweden, described as Sweden's second-most mysterious crime. This is the first time Sweden has used genetic genealogy for crime solving.[300][301]
  • Arthur Raymond Davis was identified as the rapist and murderer of 20-year-old Susan Eads, whose body was found on August 31, 1983, in Seabrook, Texas. Davis died from injuries in a car crash in January 1984, approximately four months after the murder.[302]
  • Robert Lynn Bradley was identified as the perpetrator of the February 1991 rape and murder of 18-year-old Wanda Deann Kirkum (formerly known as Valentine Jane Doe) in Monroe County, Florida. Bradley died as a victim of homicide in Tarrant County, Texas in April 1992.[303]
  • Harold Warren Jarrell was identified as the perpetrator of the September 1982 abduction, rape, and murder of 8-year-old Kelly Ann Prosser in Columbus, Ohio. Jarrell died in 1996.[304]

July[edit]

  • Johnny Chrisco was identified as the killer of 26-year-old Anita Louise Piteau, whose body was found in Huntington Beach, California on March 14, 1968. Both Piteau and Chrisco were identified through genealogical DNA research. Chrisco died from throat cancer in 2015 at the age of 71.[305]
  • Alan Edward Dean was arrested for the kidnapping and murder of 15-year-old Melissa Lee, whose body was found in Everett, Washington on April 14, 1993.[306]
  • Michael Allan Carbo Jr. was arrested for the murder of Nancy Daugherty, who was beaten, sexually assaulted, and strangled in Chisholm, Minnesota on July 16, 1986.[307]

August[edit]

  • Steve Branch was identified as the rapist and killer of 17-year-old Jessica Baggen, whose body was found in Sitka, Alaska on May 6, 1996. On August 3, 2020, law enforcement made contact with Branch at his Arkansas residence to question him and obtain a DNA sample. Branch denied involvement in the case and refused to provide a DNA sample. Approximately a half-hour after investigators left his residence, Branch committed suicide.[308]
  • David Thomas Hawkins was arrested after being linked to four rapes in Dallas, Texas and two rapes in Shreveport, Louisiana that occurred between 1980 and 1985.[309]
  • Stephen Ray Hessler was arrested for a series of sexual assaults in the '80s. He was identified as a suspect through the use of genetic genealogy. He had previously been convicted of a similar offense in 1988. Parabon NanoLabs had narrowed it down to either him or his brother. From there investigators obtained DNA from an envelope Hessler had mailed and was able to match his DNA to the crime. He was arrested at his home on August 17th in Greensburg, Indiana.[310]

September[edit]

  • Timothy L Williams was arrested in Melbourne, Florida for the November 22, 1984 rape and murder of 14-year old Wendy Jerome in Rochester, New York.[311][312][313][314][315][316]
  • Glen Samuel McCurley was arrested for the murder of 17-year-old Carla Jan Walker, who was abducted from a parking lot in Fort Worth, Texas on February 16, 1974. Three days later, her body was found in a culvert near Benbrook Lake. She had been beaten, raped, strangled, and tortured alive for two days after her disappearance.[317]

October[edit]

  • Adam Antonio Spencer Durborow was arrested for the November 30, 2010 murder of Sherry Black in South Salt Lake, Utah. She had been beaten and stabbed behind her husband's bookstore. Durborow has confessed to the homicide, and is charged with aggravated murder and aggravated burglary.[318]
  • Calvin Hoover was identified as the perpetrator of the rape and murder of 9-year-old Christine Jessop, who disappeared after getting off a school bus in Queensville, Ontario on October 3, 1984. Her body was found in Sunderland on December 31. Guy Paul Morin was wrongfully convicted of her murder and the guilty verdict was overturned after advances in DNA testing. Hoover died in 2015.[319]
  • Richard William Davis was identified as the perpetrator of the rape and murder of 5-year-old Siobhan McGuinness, who disappeared in Missoula, Montana on February 5, 1974. Two days later, her body was found near the Turah exit on Interstate 90. Davis died in 2012.[320][321]

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