List of suspected perpetrators of crimes identified with GEDmatch

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

GEDmatch logo

In December 2018, police forces in the United States said that, with the help of DNA testing, GEDmatch and genetic genealogy, they had been able to identify suspects in a total of 28 cold murder and rape cases in the year 2018.[1] Also in December 2018, Family Tree DNA allowed the law enforcement agencies including the FBI to upload DNA profiles from crime scenes to help solve cold cases. So from then onwards GEDmatch was not the only site that could be used by law enforcement officials to solve crimes using genetic genealogy.[2] As of April 2019, GEDmatch had been used in at least 59 cold case arrests, most of which were the work of Parabon Nanolabs and their chief genetic genealogist CeCe Moore, as well as 11 Jane and John Doe identifications across the United States, most of which were run and funded by the DNA Doe Project.[3] In May 2019 GEDmatch tightened its rules on privacy which were forecast to make it much more difficult for law enforcement agencies to find suspects using GEDmatch.[4]

Usage by law enforcement agencies[edit]

  • California law enforcement investigating the Golden State Killer case uploaded the DNA profile of the suspected serial rapist/killer from an intact rape kit in Ventura County[5][6] to GEDmatch.[7] It identified 10 to 20 distant relatives of the Golden State Killer, and a team of five investigators working with genealogist Barbara Rae-Venter[8] used this to construct a large family tree, which led them to identify former police officer Joseph James DeAngelo as a suspect.[9] Investigators acquired samples of his DNA from items he discarded outside his home, one of which definitively matched that of the killer.[10][11] The process took about four months, from when the first matches appeared on GEDmatch, to when DeAngelo was arrested in April 2018.[6]
  • In September 2018, Roy Charles Waller was arrested as a suspect in a series of more than ten rapes between 1991–2006 in Northern California (the "Norcal Rapist") after DNA evidence from crime scenes were matched on GEDmatch to a relative.[12] Police then constructed a family tree and using the known characteristics of the rapist narrowed the suspects down to Waller. It took little more than a week to identify and arrest the suspect.[13] He was charged with a total of 40 counts of rape which took place in different counties — Sonoma, Solano, Contra Costa, Yolo and Butte.[14]
  • in March 2019, Paul Jean Chartrand was identified by the FBI's Investigative Genealogy Team as the murderer of Barbara Becker in March 21, 1979 in San Diego. She had been repeatedly stabbed in the neck and back. Investigators found blood in several rooms of the La Jolla home. Police at the time said Becker, 37, had tried to escape and fought against her attacker, and that some of the blood was his.[15][16] However, Chartrand had already died in 1995 of undisclosed causes.[17][18]
  • In April 2019, Terrence Miller of Edmonds, Washington was arrested for the 1972 killing of 20-year-old Jody Loomis. Loomis left her home and rode her bicycle toward a stable to ride her horse. Her body was found raped, disrobed, and shot in the head in the woods. This is the second arrest in a Snohomish County cold homicide case using results from genetic genealogy, the sheriff's office said in its statement.[19][20][21] Police worked with Deb Stone, an Oregon genealogist, to identify the suspect.[22] Miller pled not guilty.[23] Miller is scheduled to go on trial in June 5, 2020.[24]
  • In April 2019, Arthur Rudy Martinez was posthumously identified as the 1977-1978 murderer and rapist of 30-year-old Jane Morton Antunez and 28-year-old Patricia Dwyer Morton in Atascadero, California, Antunez was killed in her car and Dwyer was stabbed to death in her home. Martinez, who'd been paroled after unrelated convictions for attempted murder and rape, lived in the area at the time of the deaths but left soon after, San Luis Obispo County Sheriff Ian Parkinson said Wednesday. He moved to Spokane, Wash., and received life sentences there for several robberies and two rapes also in 1978. After 16 years in prison in 1994, he escaped and lived under an alias in California until 2014 when he was diagnosed with terminal cancer. He returned to Washington state and turned himself in to receive medical treatment in prison, Parkinson said. He died behind bars two months later. The homicide cases were reopened three years ago with the Department of Justice's Familiar DNA Search Team seeking a familial DNA match to the evidence. Authorities said it led them to a relative of Martinez and a former girlfriend who provided investigators the DNA sample from a razor he had used. A lab determined the DNA from the razor matched that from the crime scenes.[25][26]
  • In May 2019, James Richard Curry was identified as the killer of Mary Silvani, formerly known as "Sheep Flats Jane Doe"/"Washoe County Jane Doe." DNA collected from Silvani's rape kit was uploaded to GEDMatch, leading to a tentative identification of the killer. However, the suspect had recently died.[27] After DNA from his son, located in a criminal database, ruled the suspect out, further investigation led to Curry, a half brother born out of wedlock in 1946 and raised in Dallas, Texas under a different family name.[28] Curry died in California on January 7, 1983, from injuries inflicted in a suicide attempt after confessing to three murders in California.[28] His two children volunteered to provide DNA samples after being contacted by investigators.[28] Silvani was also identified using genetic genealogy, making this the first known case in which both the victim and the perpetrator were identified in this way (both through the work of genetic genealogist Cheryl Hester).[29]
  • In May 2019, a grand jury in Orange County, North Carolina indicted John Russell Whitt on first-degree murder charges related to the death of his son, Robert “Bobby” Adam Whitt.[30] Bobby Whitt's skeleton was discovered under a billboard on Interstate 85-40 in September 1998; an autopsy showed that he had died by strangulation.[31] Although the case remained open, and hundreds of investigators worked on it over the years—including forensic artist Frank Bender—the remains were unidentified until Barbara Rae-Venter analyzed a DNA sample that suggested the boy had one white parent and one Asian parent. Using online genealogical services, she located a cousin in Hawai'i, who was able to provide the boy's name. The family had not reported him missing because they believed his mother, Myoung Hwa Cho, had taken him back to South Korea, where she was from.[31] Further investigation revealed that Cho's body had been located in Spartanburg County, South Carolina on May 13, 1998. She had been suffocated, and had ligature marks around her wrists.[31] John Whitt has confessed to both murders; he is currently serving a federal prison sentence at the Ashland FCI[32] for armed robbery and will not be eligible for release on that charge until 2037.[31]
  • Eddie Lee Anderson was arrested in May 2019 for killing 30-year-old Leslie Penrod Harris in May 1976 and dumping her body near Marine Corps Air Station El Toro, Orange County, California sheriff's officials said in a news release. The FBI's Investigative Genealogy Unit had assisted the local police in identifying Anderson as a potential suspect.[33] Harris was dining with her husband at a restaurant in Costa Mesa the evening of May 17 and went out alone around 8:30 p.m. She still hadn't returned by the time the restaurant closed, and her husband reported her missing, authorities said. At about 4:30 the next morning, military police from the air base found Harris’ nude body lying on a roadway just outside its perimeter. She had been strangled.[34][35]
  • In June 2019 Mark Manteuffel was arrested in Decatur, Georgia by FBI agents and charged with brutal rapes, sodomy, torture and inflicting bodily harm using a knife in Sacramento, California between 1992 and 1994.[36] Manteuffel was a retired federal prisons worker and had lectured on criminal justice. Police used the services of the Sacramento DA and GEDmatch to indicate him as a possible suspect and used a sample of his DNA from a restaurant to match with the DNA from the crime scenes.[37][38]

Parabon Labs assisted identifications[edit]

In cooperation with American law enforcement organizations, Parabon NanoLabs started uploading DNA evidence from crime scenes to GEDmatch and joined forces with genetic genealogist CeCe Moore to offer genetic genealogy services to law enforcement to identify perpetrators of violent crimes. Parabon said in November 2018 they said they were working on 200 cases and about half had produced workable matches.[39][40] CeCe Moore is the head of the genetic genealogy unit responsible for most the successful investigative genetic genealogy cases.[41][42]

2018[edit]

May[edit]

  • In 2018, the Snohomish County Sheriff's Office announced the arrest of William Earl Talbott II, a former truck driver, as a suspect in the double murder of Jay Cook and Tanya Van Cuylenborg. Law enforcement investigators from the state of Washington investigating the murder had worked with Parabon NanoLabs to assemble a digital DNA profile of the suspected murderer and uploaded it to GEDmatch. The website had two relatives who were relatively close matches to the DNA profile, and within two days the genealogist CeCe Moore was able to narrow down the profile to one suspect.[43] In June 2019 Talbott was convicted of two counts of murder[44] and sentenced to two life sentences.[45]

June[edit]

  • Law enforcement in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania working with Parabon NanoLabs used GEDmatch to identify a relative of the murderer in the 1992 sexual assault and murder of the schoolteacher Christy Mirack in her home in East Lampeter Township. Raymond Charles Rowe (also known as "D.J. Freez"), was arrested in June 2018.[46] He and Mirack frequented some of the same clubs, and Rowe's route to work took him past Mirack's apartment, Lancaster County District Attorney Craig Stedman said, Stedman said Rowe did not provide a motive when he confessed. Rowe was sentenced to life without parole.[47][48] He has since been moved State Correctional Institution – Waymart.[47]
  • Law enforcement also used GEDmatch and Parabon's genetic genealogist CeCe Moore to narrow down suspects to two brothers in the 1986 rape and murder of 12-year-old Michella Welch in Tacoma, Washington. Gary C. Hartman, one of the brothers, was arrested and charged with first-degree murder and first-degree rape in June 2018, after police collected his DNA from a discarded restaurant napkin. He pleaded not guilty.[49][50][51] In 2019 Washington state passed "Jennifer and Michella's law," named after Michella Welch and Jennifer Bastian, a 13-year-old girl who was also murdered in 1986. This law allowed police more latitude in taking DNA samples from convicted sex offenders.[52]
  • GEDmatch was also used by CeCe Moore to identify the murderer of 40-year-old Virginia Freeman, who was killed in Brazos, Texas in 1981, as James Otto Earhart. Earhart been executed in 1999 for another murder.[29]

July[edit]

  • In July 2018, John D. Miller confessed[53] to the 1988 rape and murder of 8 year old April Tinsley near Fort Wayne, Indiana, after DNA samples were sent to GEDmatch by Parabon and used to identify his relatives.[54] Miller was sentenced to 80 years in prison.[6]
  • Spencer Monnet was identified using GEDmatch and arrested in July 2018 for the burglary and rape of a 79-year-old woman in Utah, 14 weeks after the crime had been committed.[55] He pleaded guilty, was sentenced to five years to life in prison and has since been moved to the Central Utah Correctional Facility.[56][57][58] This was the first known active case where GEDmatch and investigative genetic genealogy were both used to identify the suspect.
  • Matthew Dusseault and Tyler Grenon were arrested for the 2016 murder of 81 year old Constance Gauthier who was stabbed more than 60 times.[59] However the case against Grenon was dismissed while Dusseault is still being charged with the murder and pleaded innocent.[60][61][62] The state is seeking life without parole against Dusseault.[63]

August[edit]

  • In August 2018, Darold Wayne Bowden was charged with being the Ramsey Street Rapist, a serial rapist who assaulted women in Fayetteville, North Carolina from 2006 to 2008. DNA samples uploaded to GEDmatch were linked to him by the work of CeCe Moore.[64] He was charged with 44 offences including rape, larceny, burglary and breaking and entering.[65]
  • In August 2018, Michael Henslick was arrested as a suspect in the sexual assault and murder of 22-year-old Holly Cassano in 2009 in Mahomet, Illinois, after DNA evidence left at the scene was linked to him through GEDmatch and the work of CeCe Moore.[66] He pled not guilty and initially faced between 20–60 years in prison however the state is seeking a way to give him a natural life sentence.[67][68][69] Henslicks trial began on February 10, 2020 and ended in February 14, with Henslick being found guilty of first degree murder. Henslick is due to be sentenced on March 20th.[70][71][72][73]

September[edit]

  • In September 2018, Marlon Michael Alexander was arrested as a suspect for a series of rapes in Montgomery County, Maryland between 2007–2011 after DNA samples from the rapes were submitted to Parabon who linked the perpetrator through GEDmatch to two relatives, one of whom, a female relative in Georgia, helped the local police identify Alexander.[74] Alexander plead guilty to two offences. In May 2019 he was found guilty of three rapes and sentenced to two concurrent life sentences in jail although he is now asking the judge to reduce the sentence.[75] He has since been sent to the North Branch Correctional Institution.[76][77]
  • Luke Fleming was arrested in September 2018 as a suspect in the 1999 rape and murder of Deborah Dalzell in Sarasota, Florida. Using autosomal DNA from his sperm and GEDmatch, Parabon and genealogist Barbara Rae-Venter[78] constructed a family tree which pointed to a Florida resident Joseph Fleming, who was dead, but had two living sons, one of whom, Luke Fleming matched DNA from the crime scene.[79] Luke Fleming's trial date was scheduled for February 2020 and he could face the death Penalty if convicted.[80][81]

October[edit]

  • In October 2018 Parabon's CeCe Moore used GEDmatch to identify Robert Eugene Brashers, a "violent serial rapist and murderer", as the 1990 killer of 28 year old Genevieve Zitricki in Greenville South Carolina, as the rapist of a 14-year-old girl in 1997 in Memphis Tennessee and the murder of 12-year old Megan Sherer and her mother 38-year-old Sherri Sherer in Portageville, Missouri in 1998.[82] Brashers had committed suicide in 1999 after he was approached by police officers in Kennett, Missouri. His body was exhumed in 2018 and confirmed a match to DNA from the crime scenes.[83]
  • Parabon's technology and the work of CeCe Moore led to the arrest of Michael Wayne Devaughn in the murder case of 65-year-old Betty Jones and in the sexual assault case of 81-year-old Kathryn Crigler in Starkville, Mississippi in 1990, who died two months later (called the 'Labor Day Murder'). Devaughn, already in jail for a drug offense, was arrested in October 2018. He faces either the death penalty or life without parole.[84][85] He pleaded not guilty.[86]
  • Parabon helped the Faulkner County, Arkansas police identify Edward Keith Renegar in October 2018 as the primary suspect of the kidnap, rape and murder of 32 year old Pam Felkins in Greenbriar, Arkansas in 1990. Renegar was convicted of kidnapping a woman at knife-point in Arkansas 1994 but had died in 2002.[87]

November[edit]

  • In November 2018 the Fulton County, Georgia police with the aid of Parabon's DNA Genetic Genealogy unit, tracked down and arrested 61 year old Jerry Lee in Alabama for the 1997 murder of 28 year old Lorrie Ann Smith. It was obvious that Smith had fought for her life and Police were able to use blood from the murder scene to extract the killers DNA. The police noted at the time of the arrest that "Despite a reward of more than $30,000 and DNA tests conducted on more than 100 individuals over the last 21 years, Police had been unable to positively identify the suspect until this week."[88] In May 2019, Lee was released on $150,000 bond.[89]
  • In November 2018 Maryland police, with the help of Parabon, arrested Fred Frampton Jr. for the armed robbery and shooting of 24 year old Michael Anthony Temple Jr. in Odenton, Maryland in 2010 leaving Temple a quadriplegic. Temple died in 2015 as a result of the 2010 attack. The robbery and murder was committed by two men but the second suspect, Jonathan Ludwig, had died in March 2018.[90] Frampton plead guilty to murder and in September 2019 was sentenced to 55 years in prison.[91][92][93][94][95] He has since been incarcerated in the Western Correctional Institution.[96]
  • In November 2018, Benjamin Lee Holmes was arrested as a suspect in the murder of University of Central Florida student Christine Franke 17 years earlier in October 21, 2001 when she was shot in the head during a robbery in Orlando, Florida. Parabon used a sample from the crime scene to put the DNA of the killer into GEDmatch and identified three distant cousins. CeCe Moore used genealogy techniques to narrow down to the most likely suspects. Law enforcement interviewed family members, collected DNA samples and compared them to the killer's DNA. Detective Michael Fields said " Through this testing, we were able to show the kinship relationship between the killer and different family members. We eliminated most of the family using genetic genealogy and eventually, we were able to narrow down the suspect list to two brothers, one of which was Benjamin Lee Holmes."[97] Holmes pleaded not guilty and his trial was tentatively scheduled for August but the trial has now been rescheduled for June 2020.[98][99][100][101][102]
  • Parabon and geneticist Barbara Rae-Venter[78] helped the Carlsbad, California police In November 2018 identify David Mabrito as the suspected killer of 39 year old Jodine Serrin in 2007 using DNA matches to some of his relatives. Mabrito was an itinerant who had family in the area and had already died in 2011. Police discovered they already had an unprocessed DNA sample from Mabrito that matched Serrin's killer.[103][104]
  • Parabon and CeCe Moore used GEDmatch to point towards John Arthur Getreu as a suspect in the murder by strangulation of 21-year-old Stanford University graduate Leslie Marie Perlov in 1973 in Santa Clara, California. After Police found Getreu's DNA matched the DNA from the scene of Perlov's death they arrested him.[105] Getreu was also later charged with the 1974 murder by strangulation of 21-year-old Janet Taylor in Palo Alto, California.[106] he pleaded not guilty to either of the crimes.[107][108]

December[edit]

  • In December 2018, Christopher Quinn Williams, was arrested in Montgomery, Texas as a suspect in multiple burglaries since October 2015. The burglar broke into homes and fondled sleeping women. He was indicted on four second-degree charges of burglary of habitation, each punishable by up to 20 years in prison and was released on $160,000 bond.[109][110]
  • In December 2018, Jerry Lynn Burns was arrested as the suspect in the December 1979 murder of 18 year old Michelle Martinko in Cedar Rapids, Iowa after Parabon used GEDmatch to build the suspect's family tree from his DNA left at the scene and from relatives who had entered their DNA.[111] His trial date was set for October 14, 2019, however his trial instead began on February 10, 2020 and was ordered to take place outside of Linn County due to the publicity of the case. Burns pled not guilty and denied killing Martinko during an interview with police. He could not provide a "plausible explanation" for why his DNA would be in Martinko's car.[112][113][114][115][116] If convicted Burns faces up to life in prison.[117]

2019[edit]

January[edit]

  • In January 2019, Florida Police announced Parabon had identified William Louis Nichols as the violent rapist of a 12-year-old girl in Hernando County, Florida in 1983 using genetic genealogy but Nichols had already died in 1998 of cancer.[118] Nichols had a history of sexual offences.
  • In January 2019, Russell Anthony Guerrero was arrested in Arizona and had to be extradited to California as a result of Parabon's Genetic Genealogy Unit's work. The Alameda County District Attorney's Office charged him with the December 17, 1990 murder in Fremont, California of Jack Upton who had not shown up to work for several days. Officers went to the 30-year-old man's apartment and found his body. Police called it "a brutal homicide" when announcing the arrest.[119][120]
  • In January 2019, Zachary Bunney was arrested as a suspect in the June 2006, murder of Scott Martinez who was stabbed several times by a sword in La Mesa, California thanks to the work of Parabon's Genetic Genealogy Team. Zachary faced a maximum of 26 years to life in prison.[121][122] He originally pleaded not guilty and his trial was scheduled for January 21, 2020 however at a court appearance in November he changed his plea to guilty to voluntary manslaughter in exchange for a 12-year state prison term and was sentenced in December 17.[123][124][125][126] Bunney is currently housed in the California Institution for Men.[127]
  • In January 2019, Portland police with the assistance of Parabon's Genetic Genealogy Team identified Jerry Walter McFadden as the man who strangled a 20-year-old woman found dead in her apartment in 1979 by matching crime-scene DNA to data in a GEDmatch.com, McFadden, was executed by lethal injection in 1999 for the rape and slaying of an 18-year-old high school cheerleader, one of three people killed by Mcfadden during a daylong murder rampage in 1986, about 100 miles east of Dallas. At the time of his arrest in those killings, he was on parole after three rape convictions.[128]

February[edit]

  • In February 2019, Steven Downs was identified and arrested for the 1993 Alaska murder of Sophie Sergie through the genetic genealogy work of Parabon and CeCe Moore. Sergie's body was found by a custodian in the bathroom of an eight-story dormitory. She had been sexually assaulted, stabbed and shot in the back of the head.[129][130] Downs was initially held without bail (although he is now being held at $1 million bail) and he claimed to be innocent, adamantly denying any involvement in this crime.[131][132][133]
  • In February 2019, Joseph Holt was identified as the perpetrator of the 1977 murder of Brynn Rainy and the 1979 murder of Carol Andersen through the work of Parabon and their Genetic Genealogy Unit.[134] However Joseph Holt had already died in 2014.[135]
  • In February 2019, Brian Keith Munns of Georgia was arrested for the 1988 murder of Alice Haynsworth Ryan who was stabbed to death in her home. Munns has a criminal history that shows he was charged with first-degree criminal sexual conduct in 1998 to which he pleaded guilty and was in prison from 2001 to 2007 being released on probation. Bit was incarcerated again when his community supervision was revoked and was released in 2009 but was sent back July that same year for failing to register as a sex offender but was released in October that year.[136]
  • Jesse Bjerke was arrested in February 2019 for abducting and raping at gunpoint a female lifeguard after following her home from a pool on South Pickett Street, Alexandria, Virginia in 2016. Parabon Nanolabs and Cece Moore helped police using genetic genealogy techniques.[137] Fairfax County, Virginia police are also investigating a similar case in which a young female lifeguard was raped in 2015 in Falls Church, Virginia. Bjerke's lawyers argued that using genetic genealogy was a significant invasion of his privacy and asked for the evidence to be thrown out.[138][139] If convicted Bjerke would have faced life in prison.[140][141] In October Bjerke pled guilty and is due to be sentenced on March 19, 2020.[142]

March[edit]

  • In March 2019, Police in South Dakota arrested Theresa (Josten) Bentaas for the 1981 homicide of her baby boy. the 38-year-old cold case of the dead abandoned baby was solved using DNA from genealogy sites to identify the child's mother. The Sioux Falls police discovered a full-term baby dead, wrapped in a blanket and abandoned in a cornfield ditch. The cause of death was judged to be exposure to the elements. The baby's father was already found on February 15 and he was not charged because he never knew about his son's birth or death.[143][144] She was charged with first-degree murder, along with the lesser included offenses of second-degree murder and manslaughter.[145] Bentaas was scheduled to go on trial in June 2019 but was rescheduled for April 2020 however the trial was again rescheduled to June 10, 2020.[146] She faces a maximum of life in prison.[147]
  • In March 2019, Florida Police, with the help of GEDmatch and Parabon, arrested Thomas Lewis Garner who was charged with the 1984 beating and death by strangulation in Sanford, Florida, of 25-year-old Pamela Cahanes who had just graduated from US Naval basic training.[148] Garner denied involvement with the murder.[149]
  • In March 2019, Parabon used GEDmatch to help police identify Kenneth Earl Day as the person who raped a 53-year-old woman in 1989 and raped and murdered 44-year-old Le Bich-Thuy in 1994 in Rockville, West Virginia. However Day had already died in 2017 at age 52.[150]
  • In March 2019, through the work of Parabon's Genetic Genealogy Unit, 82-year-old Raymond L. Vannieuwenhoven was arrested in Lakewood in connection with the 1976 shooting deaths of a David Schuldes, 25, and Ellen Matheys, 24, were shot at McClintock Park in Silver Cliff, Wisconsin. Matheys was also sexually assaulted. Vannieuwenhoven did not seem surprised when he was arrested yet pled not guilty.[151][152] If convicted on all charges he could face 2 consecutive life sentences plus an additional 15 years.[153]
  • In March 2019, Coley McCraney, a truck driver with no criminal record, was arrested after genetic testing and the work of Parabon's Genetic Genealogy Team matched his DNA to evidence collected in 1999 from a car trunk that contained the bodies of two girls shot to death in Ozark, Alabama, authorities said. Tracie Hawlett and J.B. Beasley, both 17, had headed out to a party on July 3, 1999, but never arrived. They became lost, and Hawlett called her mother to say they had gotten directions and were headed home. They never arrived there, either. Their bodies were found the next day in the trunk of Beasley's car, less than a half-mile from the pay phone Hawlett used to talk to her mother. Both had been shot in the head, authorities said. Despite hundreds of interviews and seemingly endless hunting, a suspect was never found. The police chief released no details on a possible motive or what the suspect said to investigators following his arrest. McCraney is being held without bail and a preliminary hearing will be scheduled within two weeks, Adams said. McCraney pled not guilty. McCraneys trial is now scheduled to begin on February 3, 2020.[154] Prosecution said they would seek the death penalty.[155][156][157]
  • Montana police announced in March 2019 that, with the help of GEDmatch and Parabon, they had identified Cecil Stan Caldwell as the prime suspect in the murder of 24-year-old Clifford Bernhardt and the sexual assault and murder of his wife 24-year-old Linda Bernhardt in Billings, Montana in 1973. However Caldwell, a former co-worker of Linda Bernhardt, had already died in 2003.[158]
  • Marquise D. Dozier was arrested in Indiana for three rapes that took place between 2015–2017. He entered a guilty plea and faced up to 72 years in prison but as part of his plea deal was sentenced in September to 55 years in prison.[159][160] Dozier is currently imprisoned in the Pendleton Correctional Facility and his earliest possible release date is 06/25/2060.[161]

April[edit]

  • In April 2019, Greenville, South Carolina police arrested Brook Graham for abandoning her infant daughter on February 1990, the infant was dead when discovered. Parabon linked the baby's DNA to a relative of the father on GEDmatch using genetic genealogy. Police allege Brook Graham put her newly-born infant, along with the placenta and umbilical cord, into a cardboard vacuum cleaner box and ditched the baby in a field near a pile of debris in February 1990. The case is called the "Julie Valentine" case, based on what investigators named the baby. She was originally charged with homicide by child abuse but that was upgraded to murder.[162] The case was the second one to be solved by Parabon using GEDmatch and genetic genealogy in Greenville in a 6-month span after a now-dead man named Robert Eugene Brashers was identified in October 2018 as a serial killer who committed one murder in Greenville.[163][164] In May 2019 Brook Graham was also charged with unlawful neglect of a child and desecration of human remains in connection with the body of another baby (a boy) found dead in April 1989 in Greenville County.[165]
  • In April 2019, Richard E. Knapp was arrested after Parabon used his DNA to find his relatives using genetic genealogy. The police matched Knapp's DNA to that left at the scene of the July 17, 1994 rape and murder of 26-year-old Audrey Hoellein in Vancouver, Washington.[166][167]
  • In April 2019, police from Centerville, Utah arrested a 17-year-old boy for allegedly assaulting 71-year-old Margaret Orlando on November 17, 2018 while she was practicing the organ in a church meetinghouse. Initially Parabon refused to take on this case but the Police got special permission from Curtis Rodgers, the founder of GEDmatch, on the grounds that the assailant could strike again. Utah detectives found a rock with the alleged perpetrators DNA and sent it to Parabon, which used GEDMatch and genetic genealogy to identify the suspect.[168] Although this was not the first time GEDmatch had been used by Law Enforcement for a case that did not involve homicide, rape or kidnapping[169] (see the case of Christopher Quinn Williams, above), it was the first to gain widespread attention and lead to a fierce backlash about unregulated access by police to genealogy databases.[170] Because of this, GEDmatch significantly tightened up its rules of access by law enforcement agencies.[171] The teen plead guilty to his crimes and was sent to a youth lockup.[172]

May[edit]

  • In May 2019, Terre Haute Police Chief Shawn Keen announced that Parabon had helped the agency to identify Jeffrey Lynn Hand as the possible killer of Pamela Milam, 19, who was raped and strangled in 1972. She was last seen on the night of Sept. 15, 1972, leaving a sorority event at Indiana State University in Terre Haute, Indiana southwest of Indianapolis. Her body was found bound and gagged in the trunk of her car the next night. With the help of Parabon and GEDmatch, police found Hand's widow and two sons, obtained their DNA and after submitting it to Indiana's state crime lab concluded that Hand was almost certainly the killer.[173] Hand was killed in a shootout with police in 1978 during an attempted kidnapping. Hand had been previously arrested in 1973 for killing a hitchhiker he picked up, but pleaded not guilty of murder by reason of insanity. The case was never tried and Hand was freed from prison in 1976,[174]
  • Brian Leigh Dripps confessed to the sexual assault and murder by stabbing of 18-year-old Angie Dodge in 1996 after Idaho Falls, Idaho Police charged him in May 2019. Dripps had lived in the same street as Dodge.[175] Parabon's CeCe Moore identified Dripps using GEDmatch and genetic genealogy.[176] Dripps pled not guilty at a September court appearance.[177] Previously the police had targeted other men for the murder[178] - one of whom, Chris Tapp, had been sentenced to life with a minimum of 20 years in prison.[175] Tapp was exonerated in July 2019 based on the new evidence and Dripp's confession.[179] Dripps trial is scheduled for June 8, 2021 and prosecutors are seeking the death penalty against Dripps.[180]
  • In May 2019 Seattle, Washington Police announced that the DNA from Frank Wypych matched the DNA from the killer of a 20-year-old Susan Galvin. Galvin, a Seattle Police Department records clerk, had died in 1967 from strangulation and had been sexually assaulted. CeCe Moore at Parabon[181] built family trees of the matches on GEDmatch and found only one man could have been Galvin's killer's, which lead police to identify Wypych as a suspect. Wypych had already died in 1987 but Wypych's body was dug up to make the confirmatory DNA match.[182] At 52 years old this was the oldest case to be solved using GEDmatch until a man murdered in about 1963 who's body was not found until 1985 was identified in June 2019, as Roger Kelso.

June[edit]

  • Michael Whyte was arrested in June 2019 for the murder by strangulation of 20-year-old US Army Specialist Darlene Krashoc in 1987. Krashoc had been based at Fort Carson, El Paso County, Colorado and had been at a club in 1987 with members of her unit. She was last seen alive leaving the club between midnight and 1:00 a.m. The local Colorado Springs police had used Parabon Nanolabs to help using genetic genealogy.[183]
  • A body of a man who had suffered severe upper body trauma and had been murdered about 1963 was found in a trash can in 1985 in Anne Arundel County, Maryland. In June 2019, local Police with the help of Cece Moore and Parabon Nanolabs identified the body as that of 20-year-old Roger Kelso, born in Fort Wayne, Indiana in 1943. The murderer was not identified.[184]
  • Gail Ritchey was arrested for murder in the death of her newborn baby boy, which she allegedly left along the side of a Thompson Township road in 1993. Investigators say Ritchey confessed to the crime, and also revealed she did something similar with another child two year years earlier. Authorities have not announced any charges related to the second infant death. Ritchey's husband, who is the father to her three grown children, has not been charged. Ritchey's trial was scheduled to begin on Jan. 27, according to court records but has since been moved to April 27.[185][186]
  • Johnnie B. Green, Jr., was arrested in Fayetteville, North Carolina and accused of nine rapes during the period from June 2009 to December 2010.[187]

July[edit]

  • The Steuben County Indiana police announced in July 2019 that, with the help of Parabon Nanolabs, they had identified the body of a woman found near Angola, Indiana in 1999. The woman was named as Tina L. Cabanaw from Detroit, Michigan. The cause of death was described as highly suspicious and undetermined.[188]

August[edit]

  • Timothy Norris was arrested in West Virginia as a suspect for raping a woman at knife-point in August 22, 1983 Florida. Norris, who is serving a federal sentence in West Virginia for armed bank robbery, has been charged with sexual battery with a weapon and is awaiting extradition to Florida.[189][190]

September[edit]

  • Donald F. McQuade was arrested in Oregon for the January 1978 sexual assault and murder of 16-year old Shelley Connolly which happened in Alaska. This was the second Alaskan case in 2019 to be solved using Genetic Genealogy after Steven Downs was arrested for the murder of Sophie Sergie.[191]
  • Jake Edward Brown was identified as the rapist and murderer of 11-year-old Terri Lynn Hollis in California November 1972. Brown died in 2003 in Arizona so he was not arrested. Brown was arrested for two rapes after Terri Lynn's murder—one in 1973 and one in 1974—and served jail time. Police are still investigating to see if Brown may have been involved in other unsolved crimes.[192][193]
  • Robert Hayes was arrested in September 2019, and charged with the murder of 35-year-old Rachel Bay in March 2006 in Palm Beach county, Florida. Parabon had helped Florida police using genetic genealogy and DNA from Bay's murder scene matched DNA from a cigarette that Hayes had discarded. Florida police also suspected that Hayes was a serial killer that had murdered Laquetta Gunther, Julie Green and Iwana Patton in a December 2005 - February 2006 time period in Daytona Beach.[194]
  • Willie Moore was arrested in Wyoming and Erlene Lee was arrested in Texas for the September 18, 1983 murder of Anthony Baltes at the Sandman Motel in Tulsa, Oklahoma. Authorities said Baltes was a victim of robbery.[195]

October[edit]

  • Nickey Stane was arrested as a suspect in four sexual assaults that took place between 1999 and 2002 in Visalia California and he is also a suspect in the 1996 rape and murder of Debbie Dorian for which he is now also being charged with.[196][197] He originally faced a maximum sentence of 70 years to life in prison if convicted of his charges.[198][199] but after being charged with murder now faces life in prison without parole or the death penalty.[200]
  • In Washington State, Patrick Nicholas was arrested for the 1991 rape and murder of 16-year-old Sarah Yarborough.[201][202]
  • Jeffrey King was arrested in Coatesville, Pennsylvania for Sexually assaulting a woman on August 4, 1993 in Newark, Delaware.[203][204][205]
  • Mason Hall was arrested for raping a 19-year-old woman at gunpoint on August 1, 2017 at Norristown, Pennsylvania.[206][207]
  • Philip Cross was identified as the murderer and rapist of 18-year old Traci Hammerberg in Saukville, Wisconsin in 1984. However, Cross died in 2012 so he could not be arrested.[208]

November[edit]

  • On November 13, 2019, Giles Daniel Warrick was arrested as the Potomac River Rapist, a serial rapist and killer who terrorized Maryland raping 9 and killing 1 in the 1990s.[209]
  • Horace Van Vaultz Jr was arrested in Los Angeles for the 1986 killing of Mary Duggan in Burbank and the 1981 slaying of Selena Keough in Montclair. The victims were both strangled and sexually assaulted, according to investigators, who have been in touch with other law enforcement agencies about Vault's possible links to other cold cases.[210] Horace had a long history of violence against women.
  • In November 2019, It was reported that police had identified Perrean Gray, 20, as the woman firefighters found dead in a dumpster on June 29, 2001. With the help of Parabon NanoLabs, Sacramento homicide investigators identified Gray and ascertained that she had been reported missing in San Francisco.[211]

December[edit]

  • Kevin Mcnamee was arrested for breaking and entering and raping a 24-year-old woman that took place on September 20th, 1991. Mcnamee already had a criminal history involving burglary.[212]
  • On June 15, 1984, 15-year-old Reesa Trexler's naked body was found riddled with 47 stab wounds in the spare room of her grandparent's home, Reesa was also raped. No suspect was ever arrested although for years, members of Trexler's family, including her own sister Jodi Laird, had been considered possible suspects in the brutal crime. However, in December 2019, Curtis Edward Blair, who was still living in San Diego when he died of heart failure in 2004 was identified as a suspect. Blair was in his 40s at the time the murder and had worked near the crime scene. Salisbury Police Sgt. Travis Shulenburger also said Blair had a criminal history including assault with a deadly weapon, which he had served time in prison for. Blair's death made it impossible to charge him with the murder.[213][214]
  • Robert Bryan Thomas was arrested in Michigan as a suspect in two rapes that took place in Florida in the late 1998.[215]
  • Joseph Clinton Mills was arrested for the September 4, 1981 sexual assault and slaying of Linda Patterson Slaten.[216][217]
  • James Curtis Clanton was arrested in Florida for the Jan. 16, 1980 Colorado kidnapping, sexual assault and murder of Helene Pruszynski.[218][219] In February 2020 clanton pled guilty to the charges.[220]

2020[edit]

January[edit]

  • Larry Eugene Gould was arrested in Gallatin, Tennessee for the Sept. 24, 1988 rape of a 51-year-old woman in St. Petersburg, Florida.[221][222]
  • Bruce Lindahl was linked to the 1976 rape and murder of 16-year old Pamela Maurer. Lindhal is also now suspected of being a serial killer and rapist responsible for the murders of up to 12 people and the rapes of 9 more. Lindhal died on April 4, 1981 after he accidentally slashed an artery in his leg while stabbing an 18-year-old man to death in an apartment in Naperville before he was a person of interest in the case so he cannot be charged with the murders. [223][224]
  • Robert Eugene Koehler a registered sex offender from Palm Bay was arrested as the suspected "Pillowcase Rapist" who committed at least 40 rapes that took place from May 1981 and February 1986 in South Florida. The Pillowcase Rapist terrorized women from South Miami to Deerfield Beach between May 1981 and February 1986. Using a pillowcase, towel or shirt to hide his identity, the rapist broke into town homes and apartments and attacked his victims. the rapist was careful not to leave physical evidence — hence how he was able to escape detection for so long.[225][226]
  • Angel Gurule was arrested as a suspect in a December 24, 2015 rape case where Gurule allegedly tackled and sexually assaulted a jogger on a trail along the Rio Grande near Rio Bravo. The Bernalillo County Sheriff's Office opened an investigation but had no leads for years because no suspects ever showed up in the government database, known as CODIS but turned up no leads. After Gurule was arrested he admitted to the attack and investigators even took him out to the actual trail and he walked them through where he saw the victim, where he attacked her,” lead investigator Kyle Hartsock said. At the time of the incident, Gurule was 19 and a recent graduate of Sandia High School where he was on the cross country team. Gurule is also named as a suspect in the sexual assault of a 14-year-old girl in a separate case that happened just three months before the other rape.[227][228]
  • Wesley Backman was identified as the killer of 25-year-old Tangie Sims who was found stabbed to death in an alley in Aurora in October 1996. Backman, a truck driver could not be arrested as he died in 2008.[229][230]

February[edit]

  • Jenna and Jacob Cisneros were arrested and charged with involuntary manslaughter and child endangerment in the case of a baby found dead in an abandoned car in May 11, 2017.[231]
  • William Blakenship was arrested in Cincinnati Ohio as a suspected serial rapist accused of raping three women between 1999 and 2001.[232][233]
  • Hans Huitz was shot dead by police officers who went to arrest him for the March 22, 1992 theft and fatal stabbing of 57-year-old James Essel.[234]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gearty, Robert (December 18, 2018). "DNA, genetic genealogy made 2018 the year of the cold case: 'Biggest crime-fighting breakthrough in decades'". Fox News.
  2. ^ "A consumer DNA testing company has given the FBI access to its two million profiles". MIT Technology Review.
  3. ^ Gonzalez, Vicki (April 25, 2019). "How DNA ingenuity led to wave of cold case arrests". KCRA. Retrieved May 7, 2019.
  4. ^ Shapiro, Emily (May 22, 2019). "How a DNA database change could make it harder for police to solve cold cases". ABC News. Retrieved May 24, 2019.
  5. ^ NJ.com, NJ Advance Media for. "How an N.J. pathologist may have helped solve the 'Golden State Killer' case". NJ.com.
  6. ^ a b c Arango, Tim; Goldman, Adam; Fuller, Thomas (April 27, 2018). "To Catch a Killer: A Fake Profile on a DNA Site and a Pristine Sample" – via NYTimes.com.
  7. ^ "'Open-source' genealogy site provided missing DNA link to East Area Rapist, investigator says" – via Sacramento Bee.
  8. ^ Murphy, Heather (August 29, 2018). "She Helped Crack the Golden State Killer Case. Here's What She's Going to Do Next" – via NYTimes.com.
  9. ^ Jouvenal, Justin (April 30, 2018). "To find alleged Golden State Killer, investigators first found his great-great-great-grandparents". The Washington Post.
  10. ^ Keith Allen, Jason Hanna and Cheri Mossburg. "Police used free genealogy database to track Golden State Killer suspect, investigator says". CNN.
  11. ^ Barry, Dan; Arango, Tim; Jr, Richard A. Oppel (April 28, 2018). "The Golden State Killer Left a Trail of Horror With Taunts and Guile" – via NYTimes.com.
  12. ^ "NorCal Rapist suspect arrested. He's a 58-year-old safety specialist at UC Berkeley" – via Sacramento Bee.
  13. ^ Ashley Collman. "Suspected serial 'NorCal rapist' arrested in California thanks to a DNA match on a genealogy website — just like the Golden State Killer". Business Insider.
  14. ^ "NorCal Rapist suspect faces 28 new charges in Sacramento court" – via Sacramento Bee.
  15. ^ Avitabile, Rafael. "La Jolla Mother's Brutal Killing Solved 40 Years Later". NBC 7 San Diego.
  16. ^ Figueroa, Teri. "In a first for San Diego police, genetic genealogy helps crack 1979 homicide case". latimes.com.
  17. ^ Avitabile, Rafael. "La Jolla Mother's Brutal Killing Solved 40 Years Later". NBC 7 San Diego. Retrieved April 1, 2019.
  18. ^ Figueroa, Teri. "In a first for San Diego police, genetic genealogy helps crack 1979 homicide case". latimes.com. Retrieved April 1, 2019.
  19. ^ "Empty coffee cup leads to arrest in 1972 slaying of 20-year-old woman". WDSU. April 12, 2019. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
  20. ^ N. B. C. News (April 12, 2019). "Coffee cup DNA leads to cold case arrest in Washington state". Weau 13 News,WI. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
  21. ^ "Arrest made in 47-year-old Snohomish County cold case". KING. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
  22. ^ Hutton, Caleb (April 11, 2019). "DNA on a boot leads to arrest in 1972 murder of Jody Loomis". HeraldNet.com. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
  23. ^ https://www.heraldnet.com/news/suspect-in-jody-loomis-cold-case-killing-pleads-not-guilty/
  24. ^ https://q13fox.com/2019/11/20/snohomish-county-family-still-seeking-justice-for-1972-rape-and-murder-of-jody-loomis/
  25. ^ "Police: DNA match identifies killer in California cold cases". UPI. Retrieved May 7, 2019.
  26. ^ Holcombe, Madeline (April 19, 2019). "DNA from old razor helped solve two cases of rape and murder from 40 years ago". CNN. Retrieved May 7, 2019.
  27. ^ Murphy, Heather (May 11, 2019). "How Volunteer Sleuths Identified a Hiker and Her Killer After 36 Years". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved May 11, 2019.
  28. ^ a b c Baldas, Tresa. "DNA reveals identity of woman killed in Nevada in 1982 — she was from Detroit". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved May 11, 2019.
  29. ^ a b Murphy, Heather (June 27, 2018). "Genealogists Turn to Cousins' DNA and Family Trees to Crack Five More Cold Cases". The New York Times. Retrieved July 2, 2018.
  30. ^ Bridges, Virginia; Grubb, Tammy (May 13, 2019). "Father charged with cold-case murder of boy found under billboard". The News & Observer. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  31. ^ a b c d Grubb, Tammy (February 5, 2019). "A dogged investigator made sure the 'Boy under the Billboard' was not forgotten". The News & Observer. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  32. ^ "Inmate Locator—Register Number: 19945-057". www.bop.gov. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  33. ^ Sclafani, Julia (June 1, 2019). "After 43 years, a former Marine is accused of murder and rape in death of woman who disappeared from Costa Mesa restaurant and was found at air base". Daily Pilot, LA Times. Retrieved July 23, 2019.
  34. ^ "Former Marine arrested in 1976 killing of woman who disappeared from Costa Mesa restaurant". Daily Pilot. May 31, 2019. Retrieved July 23, 2019.
  35. ^ Staff (May 30, 2019). "Man Arrested in 1976 Murder in Orange County". NBC Southern California. Retrieved July 23, 2019.
  36. ^ Shalby, Colleen (July 1, 2019). "DNA analysis identifies suspect in series of rapes from early 1990s". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 7, 2019.
  37. ^ "Former federal prisons worker arrested in sex attacks using genetic genealogy: Police". ABC News. Retrieved July 7, 2019.
  38. ^ "Suspected Sacramento Serial Rapist Mark Manteuffel To Appear Before Judge Friday". CBS Sacramento. July 5, 2019. Retrieved July 28, 2019.
  39. ^ Michaeli, Yarden (November 16, 2018). "To Solve Cold Cases, All It Takes Is Crime Scene DNA, a Genealogy Site and High-speed Internet" – via Haaretz.
  40. ^ "DNA Data From 100 Crime Scenes Has Been Uploaded To A Genealogy Website — Just Like The Golden State Killer". BuzzFeed News.
  41. ^ "Inside the genetic genealogy being used to solve crimes". www.cbsnews.com. Retrieved May 7, 2019.
  42. ^ Regalado, Antonio. ""Hundreds" of crimes will soon be solved using DNA databases, genealogist predicts". MIT Technology Review. Retrieved May 7, 2019.
  43. ^ Jouvenal, Justin (July 16, 2018). "The unlikely crime-fighter cracking decades-old murders? A genealogist". The Washington Post.
  44. ^ Murphy, Heather (July 1, 2019). "Genealogy Sites Have Helped Identify Suspects. Now They've Helped Convict One". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved July 2, 2019.
  45. ^ Shapiro, Emily (July 24, 2019). "Signaling a 'new era' in forensic investigation, a man caught through genetic genealogy gets life in prison for 1987 double murder". ABC News. Retrieved July 25, 2019.
  46. ^ Jeff Hawkes; Tom Knap. "Raymond 'DJ Freez' Rowe arrested for 1992 killing of schoolteacher Christy Mirack". LancasterOnline.
  47. ^ a b "DJ who killed teacher caught after chewed gum provides DNA clue". The Associated Press. January 8, 2019.
  48. ^ CBS 21 News (February 2, 2019). "'DJ Freez' relocated to different state prison". WHP.
  49. ^ KOMO Staff (June 22, 2018). "Court file: DNA on restaurant napkin led to suspect in 1986 killing of Tacoma girl". KOMO News website. Retrieved April 2, 2019.
  50. ^ Murphy, Heather (June 27, 2018). "Genealogists Turn to Cousins' DNA and Family Trees to Crack Five More Cold Cases". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved September 6, 2019.
  51. ^ Writer, LINDSEY BLEST | Staff. "Who is Raymond 'DJ Freez' Rowe, the man charged with killing Christy Mirack in 1992?". LancasterOnline. Retrieved May 7, 2019.
  52. ^ Mikkelsen, Drew (May 23, 2019). "Washington's New DNA Law Named for 2 Murdered Tacoma Girls". Forensic Magazine. Retrieved July 28, 2019.
  53. ^ VanOstrand, Melea (December 7, 2018). "April Tinsley's accused killer pleads guilty". WFFT FOX 55 News. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
  54. ^ Jouvenal, Justin (July 16, 2018). "The unlikely crime-fighter cracking decades-old murders? A genealogist". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 18, 2018.
  55. ^ Whyte, Chelsea (August 11, 2018). "Family-tree forensics". New Scientist. 239 (3190): 20–21. doi:10.1016/s0262-4079(18)31430-1. ISSN 0262-4079.
  56. ^ "St. George Police officer recognized for 'amazing' detective work in solving rape case". stgeorgeutah.com.
  57. ^ Aradillas, Elaine (March 25, 2019). "How an Elderly Sex Assault Survivor Became Activist for Testing Thousands of Backlogged Rape Kits". People. Retrieved May 11, 2019.
  58. ^ "Offender Search". Utah Department of Corrections. Retrieved September 6, 2019.
  59. ^ Milkovits, Amanda. "How DNA and a tattoo led to charges in cold R.I. murder case". Providence Journal. Retrieved September 6, 2019.
  60. ^ Linton, David. "Case against Attleboro man charged in 2016 Woonsocket murder dismissed". The Sun Chronicle. Retrieved September 6, 2019.
  61. ^ Linton, David (January 31, 2019). "Suspect who had implicated Attleboro man pleads innocent to Woonsocket murder". The Sun Chronicle. Retrieved September 6, 2019.
  62. ^ "Suspect in elderly's woman's murder seeks 'confessions,' other evidence". WPRI. April 1, 2019. Retrieved September 6, 2019.
  63. ^ https://turnto10.com/news/local/police-knife-discovered-may-be-weapon-used-in-2016-murder
  64. ^ Rojas, Nicole (August 23, 2018). "Ramsey Street Rapist: Man arrested in decade-old rape cases when DNA evidence compared to genealogical data". Newsweek. Retrieved May 7, 2019.
  65. ^ Woolverton, Paul (February 19, 2019). "Bail reduction denied for alleged Ramsey Street rapist :". WRAL, Capitol Broadcasting Company Inc. Retrieved July 28, 2019.
  66. ^ "Cassano case: Cigarette butt sealed deal". www.news-gazette.com. Retrieved May 7, 2019.
  67. ^ Connolly, Kaitlyn (August 29, 2018). "DNA leads to arrest in Cassano case". WCIA. Retrieved May 11, 2019.
  68. ^ "Holly Cassano's accused killer pleads not guilty". WAND-TV. Retrieved September 6, 2019.
  69. ^ https://www.news-gazette.com/news/cassano-s-alleged-killer-facing-natural-life-sentence/article_af8cf257-bbe0-5554-be68-22bbce41a204.html
  70. ^ https://www.news-gazette.com/news/local/courts-police-fire/cassano-case-trial-for-man-accused-in-murder-set-to/article_06d0b94c-c2fb-53aa-a108-9475b028c49c.html
  71. ^ https://foxillinois.com/news/local/trial-of-holly-cassanos-alleged-killer-begins-soon
  72. ^ https://www.news-gazette.com/news/trial-is-a-go-for-accused-cassano-killer/article_53956995-10bb-5594-91f4-c4c6e6d9035b.html
  73. ^ https://foxillinois.com/news/local/michael-henslick-found-guilty-of-first-degree-murder
  74. ^ Jones, Erica (September 14, 2018). "DNA Database Led Montgomery Co. PD to Cold Case Rape Suspect". NBC4 Washington. Retrieved September 21, 2018.
  75. ^ https://wtop.com/local/2019/10/case-closed-objections-to-the-new-uses-of-dna-evidence/
  76. ^ Wright, Charlie (May 21, 2019). "Rapist Sentenced to Life in Prison, Prosecutors Detail Impact of 'Heinous' Crimes". Bethesda Magazine. Retrieved May 23, 2019.
  77. ^ http://www.dpscs.state.md.us › inmate Web Result with Site Links Maryland DOC Inmate Locator - Maryland ...
  78. ^ a b Greytak, Ellen M.; Moore, CeCe; Armentrout, Steven L. (June 1, 2019). "Genetic genealogy for cold case and active investigations". Forensic Science International. 299: 103–113. doi:10.1016/j.forsciint.2019.03.039.
  79. ^ Augenstein, Seth (September 19, 2018). "Genealogy Cracks 1999 Florida Rape and Murder". Forensic Magazine. Retrieved September 24, 2018.
  80. ^ Doudrick, Jess. "Prosecution will not seek death penalty against alleged cold case killer". mysuncoast.com. Retrieved January 7, 2019.
  81. ^ Doudrick, Jess. "Prosecution will not seek death penalty against alleged cold case killer". mysuncoast. Retrieved May 7, 2019.
  82. ^ Gearty, Robert (October 5, 2018). "1990s cold case murders in South Carolina, Missouri solved through DNA breakthrough, police say". Fox News. Retrieved October 7, 2018.
  83. ^ Gross, Daniel J. (October 6, 2018). "Greenville cold case solved: Jenny Zitricki killed by serial killer Robert Brashers in 1990, police say". The Greenville News. Retrieved October 6, 2018.
  84. ^ LeMaster, C.J. (October 17, 2018). "3 On Your Side Investigates: The Labor Day Murder". WLBT-3. Retrieved October 18, 2018.
  85. ^ "Man indicted in 1990 Mississippi cold case rape, slaying may face death penalty". The Clarion Ledger.
  86. ^ Holloway, Alex (January 31, 2019). "Devaughn pleads not guilty to Labor Day murder charges". The Commercial Dispatch. Retrieved September 6, 2019.
  87. ^ Fedschun, Travis (October 31, 2018). "Suspect identified in cold case kidnapping, rape, murder of Arkansas woman, officials say". Fox News. Retrieved November 12, 2018.
  88. ^ Fernandes, Tyisha (November 2, 2018). "Lorrie Ann Smith Murder Arrest: Police make arrest in 21-year-old cold case murder". WSBTV. Retrieved November 12, 2018.
  89. ^ "It took investigators 20 years to solve her murder. Her alleged killer was just granted bond". WXIA. Retrieved September 6, 2019.
  90. ^ Shapiro, Emily (November 5, 2018). "DNA, genetic genealogy led police to suspected killer in Maryland cold case". ABC News. Retrieved November 8, 2018.
  91. ^ Proctor, Brandi (July 1, 2019). "Confession: Man admits to murder after DNA website helps lead police to him". WBFF, Fox News. Retrieved July 2, 2019.
  92. ^ Shapiro, Emily (July 2, 2019). "Man nabbed through novel DNA technique pleads guilty to murder". ABC News. Retrieved September 6, 2019.
  93. ^ Proctor, Brandi (July 1, 2019). "Confession: Man admits to murder after DNA website helps lead police to him". WBFF. Retrieved September 6, 2019.
  94. ^ https://www.capitalgazette.com/news/crime/ac-cn-fred-frampton-20190920-mwjxqaqf7jcuzj4auhtmwzfhzq-story.html%3foutput
  95. ^ https://www.baltimore.cbslocal.com/2019/09/21/glen-burnie-man-sentenced-to-55-years-in-prison-for-2010-murder/
  96. ^ http://www.dpscs.state.md.us/inmate/search.do?searchType=detail&id=213713305
  97. ^ Cutway, Adrienne (November 5, 2018). "DNA match from genealogy site leads to arrest in 2001 murder of UCF student". WKMG. Retrieved January 7, 2019.
  98. ^ https://www.nbcnews.com/news/ncna1140696
  99. ^ DeForest, Mike (July 11, 2019). "Man's DNA test helped police arrest his relative for UCF student's death". WKMG. Retrieved September 6, 2019.
  100. ^ "Florida man's genealogy hobby helps solve another cold case crime". 10NEWS. Retrieved September 6, 2019.
  101. ^ Richards, Terry. "Valdosta man's search for family's roots leads to arrest in 2001 killing". Valdosta Daily Times. Retrieved September 6, 2019.
  102. ^ https://www.governing.com/news/headlines/Ancestry-Websites-Great-for-Finding-Relatives-and-Suspects.html
  103. ^ Garske, Monica (November 13, 2018). "DNA Tech Identifies Suspect 2007 Cold Case Killing". NBC 7 San Diego. Retrieved November 16, 2018.
  104. ^ Figueroa, Teri. "Genealogy helps solve 2007 murder mystery of woman killed in Carlsbad apartment". San Diego Union Tribune. Retrieved November 16, 2018.
  105. ^ Salonga, Robert (November 21, 2018). "'She fought desperately': Arrest in 1973 killing of Stanford grad after DNA genealogy probe". The Mercury News. Retrieved November 23, 2018.
  106. ^ Wood, Sue (May 16, 2019). "1974 Peninsula Cold Case Linked To Hayward Man: SMC Sheriff's". Los Altos, CA, Patch. Retrieved May 17, 2019. Getreu has since been tied to an additional murder in the same area.
  107. ^ Dremann, Sue (June 14, 2019). "Man accused of 1974 cold-case killing near Stanford campus pleads not guilty". Palo Alto Online. Retrieved September 6, 2019.
  108. ^ https://www.mv-voice.com/news/2019/12/03/alleged-serial-killer-pleads-not-guilty-in-1973-murder-case
  109. ^ Wiley, Kenney (December 20, 2018). "Brazos County grand jury indicts 45 on felony charges". The Eagle. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
  110. ^ WILEY, KENNY. "Brazos County grand jury indicts 45 on felony charges". The Eagle. Retrieved September 6, 2019.
  111. ^ Fedschun, Travis (December 20, 2018). "DNA evidence leads police to charge Iowa man with 1979 murder of 18-year-old woman". Fox News. Retrieved January 7, 2019.
  112. ^ Adams, Darliah (February 2, 2019). "Suspect in Michelle Martinko murder has trial date set". KGAN.
  113. ^ "Police collected DNA from dozens while investigating 1979 killing of Michelle Martinko". Des Moines Register. Retrieved May 7, 2019.
  114. ^ "Police collected DNA from dozens while investigating 1979 killing of Michelle Martinko". Des Moines Register. Retrieved May 7, 2019.
  115. ^ https://littlevillagemag.com/michelle-martinko-murder-trial/
  116. ^ https://www.desmoinesregister.com/story/news/crime-and-courts/2019/12/10/michelle-martinko-murder-trial-moved-out-linn-county/4388585002/
  117. ^ https://www.iowapublicradio.org/post/prosecutors-rest-their-case-against-man-accused-killing-martinko#stream/0
  118. ^ Staff, WFLA Channel 8 News (January 10, 2019). "DNA, genetic genealogy helps investigators crack unsolved rape of 12-year-old". WFLA. Retrieved January 11, 2019.
  119. ^ "Cold Case Arrest: Accused East Bay Killer Tracked To Arizona". Fremont, California Patch. January 24, 2019. Retrieved January 29, 2019.
  120. ^ "DNA technology used to capture Golden State Killer suspect helps crack 1990 Fremont homicide". East Bay Times. January 24, 2019. Retrieved January 29, 2019.
  121. ^ Union-Tribune, Teri Figueroa The San Diego. "Police: Genetic genealogy leads to arrest in 2006 sword slaying". Finger Lakes Times. Retrieved January 29, 2019.
  122. ^ Garske, Monica (January 24, 2019). "Suspect Arrested in Man's 2006 Cold Case Sword Killing". NBC 7 San Diego. Retrieved January 29, 2019.
  123. ^ Putnam, Neal (February 17, 2019). "DNA technology used in cold case breakthrough". The East County Californian. Retrieved September 6, 2019.
  124. ^ Putnam, Neal (June 19, 2019). "Murder case resurrected by DNA profile goes to trial". The East County Californian. Retrieved September 6, 2019.
  125. ^ https://www.sandiegouniontribune.com/news/courts/story/2019-11-13/guilty-plea-in-2006-slaying-in-la-mesa-victim-was-killed-with-a-sword
  126. ^ https://www.nbcsandiego.com/news/local/suspect-in-2006-la-mesa-cold-case-sword-killing-sentenced/2232550/
  127. ^ https://inmatelocator.cdcr.ca.gov/Details.aspx?ID=BL4329
  128. ^ Bernstein, Maxine (January 31, 2019). "Portland police tie Texas serial killer/rapist to 40-year-old local murder using genealogy DNA". oregonlive.com. Retrieved March 1, 2019.
  129. ^ Sharon, Susan. "Auburn Man Arrested In Connection With 1993 Murder At University Of Alaska Fairbanks". www.mainepublic.org.
  130. ^ "Troopers make Maine arrest in 25-year-old Fairbanks murder". www.ktva.com.
  131. ^ Journal, Christopher WilliamsSun (April 17, 2019). "Mills signs warrant to send Auburn man to Alaska to face murder and rape charges". Lewiston Sun Journal. Retrieved May 7, 2019.
  132. ^ "Woman Indicted in 1975 Cold Case of a Teenager Dies Before Trial". www.theepochtimes.com. April 23, 2019. Retrieved May 7, 2019.
  133. ^ AP (August 6, 2019). "Man charged in 1993 Fairbanks sex assault and killing pleads not guilty". Anchorage Daily News. Retrieved September 6, 2019.
  134. ^ "DNA links South Lake Tahoe man to 1970s cold cases". MSN / KCRA. February 26, 2019. Retrieved March 1, 2019.
  135. ^ Donaghue, Erin (February 26, 2019). "Investigators solve 1970s cold cases with emerging DNA technique". CBS News. Retrieved March 1, 2019.
  136. ^ Field, Carla (May 7, 2019). "Greenville police chief announces arrest in high-profile cold case killing". WYFF. Retrieved May 17, 2019.
  137. ^ Barthel, Margaret (June 19, 2019). "How Local Law Enforcement Uses DNA To Crack Criminal Cases". The Kojo Nnamdi Show. Retrieved July 24, 2019.
  138. ^ Weiner, Rachel (June 10, 2019). "Alexandria rape suspect challenging DNA search used to crack case ..." Washington Post. Retrieved July 24, 2019.
  139. ^ Kaye, Dh (June 11, 2019). "Forensic Science, Statistics & the Law: Junk DNA (Literally) in Virginia". Forensic Science, Statistics & the Law. Retrieved July 24, 2019.
  140. ^ Staff (February 13, 2019). "Registered nurse charged in 2016 Alexandria lifeguard rape". WTTG, Fox News. Retrieved July 24, 2019.
  141. ^ "Alexandria rape case based on DNA database search to go forward ..." Washington Post. July 11, 2019. Retrieved July 24, 2019.
  142. ^ https://wtop.com/alexandria/2019/10/dna-database-search-leads-to-suspect-guilty-plea-in-2016-virginia-rape/
  143. ^ FOX. "South Dakota police solve 38-year-old homicide of infant". KSAZ.
  144. ^ Lewis, Ricardo. "Genetic genealogy helps in Baby Andrew case". www.ksfy.com.
  145. ^ Crystal Bonvillian, Cox Media Group National Content Desk. "Genealogy, DNA solve case of newborn left to freeze to death in ditch 38 years ago". ajc. Retrieved May 7, 2019.
  146. ^ https://www.ksfy.com/content/news/Trial-of-Theresa-Bentaas-postponed-until-April-559259051.html
  147. ^ "Judge gives Baby Andrew murder suspect better shot of being released before trial". Argus Leader. Retrieved May 17, 2019.
  148. ^ "34 years later, police make arrest in cold case murder of Navy recruit". KARE 11 TV, Minneaoplis. March 15, 2019. Retrieved March 17, 2019.
  149. ^ https://www.orlandosentinel.com/news/breaking-news/os-ne-thomas-garner-pamela-cahanes-discovery-release-20190708-sfq3ob4yzzfrvoctojjmyaamkq-story.html
  150. ^ Desk News (March 15, 2019). "Cold Case Detectives Identify Suspect of Unsolved Rapes and Murder; DNA and Genealogy Helped Solve the Crimes". Fairfax News. Retrieved March 17, 2019.
  151. ^ News, Amanda Becker, FOX 11 (March 15, 2019). "Arrest made in 43-year-old Marinette County murder case". WLUK.
  152. ^ Clark, Alex (July 1, 2019). "Vannieuwenhoven pleads not guilty to 1976 double homicide in Marinette County". Upper Michigan Source. Retrieved September 6, 2019.
  153. ^ Razavi, Justin (March 23, 2019). "Raymond Vannieuwenhoven Makes First Court Appearance, Judge Sets Bail Amount at $1 Million". WEAREGREENBAY. Retrieved May 17, 2019.
  154. ^ Curtis, Ken (August 8, 2019). "McCraney pleads not guilty". WTVY. Retrieved September 6, 2019.
  155. ^ "Golden State Killer Investigation Helps Investigators Make Arrest in 20-Year-Old Cold Case in Alabama". Inside Edition. March 18, 2019.
  156. ^ Press, The Associated (March 20, 2019). "Alabama man charged in 1999 cold case killings maintaining his innocence, attorney says". WVTM.
  157. ^ https://www.al.com/news/2019/10/trial-set-for-alabama-trucker-in-teens-slayings.html
  158. ^ Staff (March 25, 2019). "Suspect identified in a Billings double murder cold case". KTVQ, Billings, Montana. Retrieved March 26, 2019.
  159. ^ Leblanc, Matthew (August 16, 2019). "Guilty plea entered for 3 rapes | Courts | Journal Gazette". The Journal Gazette. Retrieved September 6, 2019.
  160. ^ https://www.journalgazette.net/news/local/courts/20190928/rapist-apologizes-is-handed-55-years
  161. ^ https://www.in.gov/apps/indcorrection/ofs/ofs?lname=Dozier&fname=Marquise&search1.x=24&search1.y=10
  162. ^ The Associated Press (April 29, 2019). "South Carolina mom accused of abandoning baby is now charged with murder". WJCL. Retrieved May 7, 2019.
  163. ^ "How family tree forensics solved cold cases in Greenville, across the US". The Greenville News. Retrieved May 7, 2019.
  164. ^ "Arrest Made In Julie Valentine Case". 106.3 WORD. April 4, 2019. Retrieved May 7, 2019.
  165. ^ Egan, Leigh (May 17, 2019). "Mother who stuffed newborn girl 'Julie Valentine' in box and tossed her woods is also connected to death of newborn son: Police". Crime Online. Retrieved May 23, 2019.
  166. ^ Shapiro, Emily (May 1, 2019). "Novel DNA technique leads to arrest in 1994 cold case murder of young mom". ABC News. Retrieved May 7, 2019.
  167. ^ "UPDATED: VIDEO: Vancouver Police have made an arrest in a 25 year-old homicide case | ClarkCountyToday.com". April 30, 2019. Retrieved May 7, 2019.
  168. ^ Reavy, Pat (May 13, 2019). "Plastic milk container, genealogy helped Utah police crack church assault case". KSL. Retrieved May 14, 2019.
  169. ^ Aldhous, Peter (May 14, 2019). "A Teen Allegedly Assaulted An Elderly Woman. Cops Pursued Him Like The Golden State Killer". BuzzFeed News. Retrieved May 18, 2019.
  170. ^ Levenson, Eric (June 19, 2019). "How a Utah assault case upended the cutting-edge DNA website that caught the Golden State Killer". CNN. Retrieved July 28, 2019.
  171. ^ Joh, Elizabeth (June 11, 2019). "Want to See My Genes? Get a Warrant". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved July 28, 2019.
  172. ^ "One Utah crime helped home DNA tests become a hot new investigative method. And then another caused an uproar". The Salt Lake Tribune. Retrieved September 6, 2019.
  173. ^ Stelloh, Tim (May 6, 2019). "Police solve 47-year-old murder of Indiana college student Pamela Milam". NBC News. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  174. ^ Gearty, Robert (May 6, 2019). "DNA, genetic genealogy help solve Indiana State University student's cold case murder". Fox News. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  175. ^ a b Sewell, Cynthia (July 12, 2019). "Prosecutor: Chris Tapp 'convicted of a crime he did not commit' in Angie Dodge case". East Idaho News. Retrieved July 14, 2019.
  176. ^ Bishop, Shane (May 16, 2019). "Police arrest Idaho man in 23-year-old cold-case murder of Angie Dodge". NBC News. Retrieved May 17, 2019.
  177. ^ https://www.eastidahonews.com/2019/09/dripps-pleads-not-guilty-to-murder-rape-of-angie-dodge/
  178. ^ Aldhous, Peter (May 16, 2019). "Genetic Genealogy Helped Finally Crack The 1996 Murder Of 18-Year-Old Angie Dodge". BuzzFeed News. Retrieved May 17, 2019.
  179. ^ Shapiro, Emily (July 17, 2019). "Man convicted of murder in the '90s exonerated thanks to genetic genealogy". ABC News. Retrieved July 23, 2019.
  180. ^ https://www.postregister.com/news/crime_courts/dripps-trial-moved-to/article_81ec86cf-b4eb-50ff-a12c-fb7e94b2895b.html
  181. ^ Johnson, Gene (May 8, 2019). "DNA, family tree help solve 52-year-old Seattle murder case". AP NEWS. Retrieved June 23, 2019.
  182. ^ Sullivan, Jennifer (May 7, 2019). "52-year-old murder solved in Seattle". KOMO News, Seattle. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
  183. ^ Foster, Regan (June 17, 2019). "Arrest made in 32-year-old murder". Southeast Express Colorado Springs. Retrieved June 23, 2019.
  184. ^ Shapiro, Emily (July 19, 2019). "'People still care': Man murdered in 1960s ID'd through genetic genealogy". ABC News. Retrieved June 23, 2019.
  185. ^ https://www.wkyc.com/article/news/crime/geauga-court-seat-jury-geaugas-baby-murder/95-9f406970-2f70-43de-865c-7b16400b8d54
  186. ^ https://www.news-herald.com/news/geauga-s-child-murder-trial-now-set-for-late-april/article_e56fb150-3799-11ea-afae-3fff3f34e8e7.html
  187. ^ https://www.cbs17.com/news/local-news/cumberland-county-news/dna-used-to-charge-man-in-connection-with-9-fayetteville-cold-case-rapes/
  188. ^ Neal, Jentill (July 12, 2019). "Body of a woman found in Steuben County in 1999 identified". WFFT News, Fox News. Retrieved July 23, 2019.
  189. ^ AP (August 17, 2019). "DNA match leads to arrest in 1983 Florida rape case". WCTV. Retrieved September 6, 2019.
  190. ^ Holcombe, Madeline (August 18, 2019). "DNA helped crack 1983 rape case". WISC. Retrieved September 6, 2019.
  191. ^ Hughes, Zachariah (September 4, 2019). "Troopers announce arrest in 41-year-old Anchorage cold case". Alaska Public Media. Retrieved September 6, 2019.
  192. ^ https://www.abcnews.go.com/US/11-year-girl-sexually-assaulted-strangled-thanksgiving-1972/story%3fid=65543291
  193. ^ https://abc7.com/torrance-police-name-suspect-in-1972-cold-case/5532252/
  194. ^ Shapiro, Emily (September 16, 2019). "Suspected serial killer 'off the streets' after 14 years". ABC News. Retrieved September 20, 2019.
  195. ^ https://www.foxnews.com/us/dna-arrest-oklahoma-cold-case-murder-motel
  196. ^ https://www.yourcentralvalley.com/news/crime/primary-suspect-in-a-brutal-1996-rape-murder-was-a-former-lyft-driver-company-confirms/
  197. ^ https://yourcentralvalley.com/news/local-news/dna-technology-cracks-20-year-old-sexual-assault-cases-2/
  198. ^ https://abc30.com/visalia-sexual-predator-named-suspect-in-debbie-dorian-murder-case/5589829/
  199. ^ https://www.thedenverchannel.com/news/local-news/genealogy-helps-crack-aurora-cold-case-murder-from-1996-police-say
  200. ^ https://abc30.com/5909651/
  201. ^ https://people.com/crime/sarah-yarborough-cold-case-killing-suspect-arrested/
  202. ^ https://www.federalwaymirror.com/news/former-classmates-teachers-remember-murdered-federal-way-teen/
  203. ^ https://www.phillyvoice.com/dna-cold-cases-ancestry-websites-genealogy-arrest-pennsylvania-man-rape-newark-delaware/
  204. ^ https://6abc.com/pa-man-arrested-in-1993-delaware-cold-case/5621290/
  205. ^ https://philadelphia.cbslocal.com/2019/10/15/jeffrey-king-coatesville-cold-case-rape-1993-delaware/
  206. ^ https://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/dna-genealogy-lead-arrest-pennsylvania-rape-case-2017-n1069791
  207. ^ https://6abc.com/dna-helps-authorities-arrest-man-for-2017-rape-in-norristown/5636149/
  208. ^ https://fox6now.com/2019/10/22/cold-case-solved-killer-in-1984-ozaukee-county-homicide-identified-through-genetic-genealogy/
  209. ^ https://www.wwlp.com/news/police-use-developing-technology-to-identify-potomac-river-rapist/
  210. ^ https://www.latimes.com/california/story/2019-11-15/cold-case-murders-genealogy-search
  211. ^ https://fox40.com/2019/11/26/body-burned-in-dumpster-18-years-ago-has-been-identified-through-dna/
  212. ^ https://www.wccbcharlotte.com/2019/12/18/cmpd-makes-arrest-after-dna-evidence-links-man-to-nearly-30-year-old-sexual-assault-cold-case/
  213. ^ https://www.oxygen.com/crime-news/dna-clears-jodi-laird-of-sister-reesa-trexlers-brutal-1984-murder
  214. ^ https://www.10news.com/news/local-news/35-year-old-cold-case-murder-linked-to-local-man
  215. ^ https://www.foxnews.com/us/dna-michigan-man-unsolved-florida-rapes
  216. ^ https://www.tampabay.com/news/crime/2019/12/19/she-was-murdered-38-years-ago-her-sons-football-coach-is-now-charged-based-on-dna/
  217. ^ https://nypost.com/2019/12/19/joseph-clinton-mills-former-football-coach-arrested-for-linda-patterson-slatens-1981-murder/
  218. ^ https://www.nbcnews.com/news/crime-courts/suspect-arrested-1980-cold-case-murder-colorado-using-genetic-genealogy-n1102836
  219. ^ https://boston.cbslocal.com/2019/12/17/wheaton-college-1980-murder-helene-pruszynski-james-curtis-clanton-arrest/
  220. ^ https://www.thedenverchannel.com/news/local-news/man-pleads-guilty-in-1980-murder-for-colorados-first-conviction-through-genealogy-testing%3f
  221. ^ https://www.tampabay.com/news/crime/2020/01/13/a-woman-was-raped-in-a-pinellas-gift-shop-in-1988-familial-dna-now-has-led-to-an-arrest/
  222. ^ https://patch.com/florida/stpete/home-dna-kit-leads-arrest-1988-pinellas-county-cold-case
  223. ^ https://www.chicagotribune.com/suburbs/aurora-beacon-news/ct-abn-lindahl-serial-killer-more-cases-st-0117-20200117-umat23dgcnfdhpavn7flmcar2e-story.html
  224. ^ https://www.nbcchicago.com/news/local/suspected-serial-killer-stayed-under-the-radar-in-suburban-chicago-but-how/2204115/
  225. ^ https://www.miamiherald.com/news/local/crime/article239423768.html
  226. ^ https://www.clickorlando.com/news/local/2020/01/20/report-suspected-pillowcase-rapist-who-terrorized-florida-women-arrested-in-brevard/
  227. ^ https://www.krqe.com/news/crime/dna-genealogy-used-to-make-first-arrest-of-its-kind-in-new-mexico/
  228. ^ https://www.abqjournal.com/1410517/authorities-identify-suspected-rapist-using-genealogy-site.html
  229. ^ https://www.thedenverchannel.com/news/local-news/genealogy-helps-crack-aurora-cold-case-murder-from-1996-police-say
  230. ^ https://www.aspendailynews.com/associated_press/colorado-police-name-suspect-years-after-woman-s-killing/article_887b4a35-81ce-5f97-bcc9-4eaaec20c71c.html
  231. ^ https://www.babygaga.com/toledo-couple-arrested-in-case-of-baby-found-in-abandoned-car-in-2017/
  232. ^ https://www.wlwt.com/article/genetic-genealogy-technology-leads-to-arrest-of-cincinnati-area-serial-rapist/30884197
  233. ^ https://www.cincinnati.com/story/news/crime/crime-and-courts/2020/02/11/hes-pig-deters-says-20-year-old-serial-rape-case-solved-using-genealogy-site/4726302002/
  234. ^ https://www.nydailynews.com/news/crime/ny-dna-linked-virginia-beach-murder-20200215-smxlclhqq5gn7ndh5yamqailne-story.html