List of tafsir works

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The following is a list of tafsir works. Tafsir is a body of commentary and explication, aimed at explaining the meanings of the Qur'an, the central religious text of Islam. Tafsir works can broadly be categorized by its affiliated Islamic schools and branches and the era it was published, classic or modern. Modern tafsirs listed here are the work of later than the 20th century.

Classic Arabic[edit]

Sunni[edit]

  1. Asbaabu Nuzzoli-l-Qur'aan (The Causes of the Revelation of the Qur'aan)
  2. Al-Wajeez fee Tafseeru-l-Kitaabi-l-'Azeez (1/2 Volumes)
  3. Al-Waseet fee Tafseeru-l-Qur'aanu-mm-Majeedd (4 Volumes)
  4. Al-Baseet (16/24 Volumes)
  • An-Nukat wa-l-'Uyoon by Abu al-Hasan Ali Ibn Muhammad Ibn Habib Al-Mawardi (Alboacen) (d. 450/1058) - the author was an Islamic jurist of the Shafi'i school.
  • Ma'aalimu-t-Tanzeel by Hasan bin Mas'ud al-Baghawi (died 510 AH/1116 CE) also known widely as Tafsir al-Baghawi - A popular tafsir amongst Sunni Muslims, it relies heavily on the Tafsir of al-Tha'labi, whilst placing more emphasis on hadith.
  • Al-Kashshaaf ('The Revealer') by Al-Zamakhshari (d. 539 AH/1144 CE). Al-Zamakhshari belonged to the Mu'tazili school of theology, but nevertheless this commentary has been popular among scholars down the years, and is usually printed along with Sunni commentaries, pointing out what they consider to be mistakes, made because of the author's Mu'tazili beliefs.
  • Ahkam al-Qur'an by Abu Bakr ibn al-Arabi (d.543 AH/1148 CE). The author is also known as 'Qadi ibn al-Arabi' (ibn Arabi, the judge) to distinguish him from the famous Sufi Ibn Arabi. He was a jurist from Andalusia (Muslim Spain) His interpretation has been published in three volumes and contains commentary on the legal rulings of the Qur'an according to the Maliki school.
  • Al-Muharrar al-Wajiz Fī Tafsir al-Kitab al-Aziz ('The Concise Record of the Exegesis of the Noble Book'), commonly known as Tafsir ibn 'Atiyyah after its author, Ibn Atiyyah (d. 541 or 546AH), a Maliki judge from al-Andalus. This Qur'anic commentary is popular in North Africa.
  • Zaadu-l-Maseer fee Ilmu-t-Tafseer by the Hanbali polymath Abu'l-Faraj ibn al-Jawzi (d. 597AH).
  • Mafatih Al-Ghayb ("The Keys to Unseen") by Fakhr al-Din al-Razi (1149-1209 CE/606 AH). also known as Tafsir al-Kabir ('The Great Exegesis')
  • Tafseeru-l-Qur'aan Al-'Azeem by Izz al-Din ibn 'Abd al-Salam
  • Al-Jami' li-Ahkam al-Qur'an ("The collection of Qur'anic Injunctions") by al-Qurtubi (1214-1273 CE/671 AH) by the famous Maliki jurist of Cordoba, in Andalusia. This ten-volume tafsir is a commentary on the Qur'anic verses dealing with legal issues. Although the author was a Maliki, he also presents the legal opinions of other major schools of Islamic jurisprudence; thus it is popular with jurists from all of the schools of Islamic law. One volume of this tafsir has been translated into English by Aisha Bewley. Available online.[5]
  • Anwar al-Tanzil by Abdullah bin Umar al-Baidawi (d. 685 AH/1286 CE), also famous as Tafsir al-Baidawi - a shortened version of Al-Kashshaf, with Mu'tazili references altered; printed in two volumes.[6] In Turkey it is often published with marginal notes by a Turkish scholar called 'al-Qunawi' in seven volumes.
  • Al-Bahr al-Muhit by Abu Hayyan al-Gharnati (d. 745 AH/1344 CE) is a linguistic commentary on the Qur'an primarily from the standpoint of Arabic grammar and rhetoric.
  • Tafsir ibn Kathir ("The Ibn Kathir Interpretation") by Ibn Kathir (1301-1373 CE/ 747 AH). A summary of the earlier interpretation by al-Tabari. Available online.[7]
  • Tafsir al-Jalalayn ('The Commentary of the Two Jalals') by Jalaluddin al-Mahalli (in 1459), and was subsequently completed, in the same style, by his student, the famous Shafi'i scholar Al-Suyuti (d. 911 AH/1505 CE), who completed it in 1505. This commentary is very popular with Muslims all over the world due to its simplicity. It has also been translated completely by Feras Hamza.[8]
  • Dur al-Manthur ('The Threaded Pearl Concerning Commentary Based on Traditions'), also by Al-Suyuti. This commentary, in Arabic, concentrates on the narratives that have been transmitted relating to each verse and subject in the Qur'an. It has been published in six volumes.
  • Irshad al 'Aql as-Saleem ilaa Mazaya al-Qur'an al-Kareem by Ebussuud Efendi Al-'Imaadi Al-Hanafi (d.951 AH/1505 CE). Also known as Tafsir Abi Sa'ud.
  • Tafseer Mullah Ali al-Qari, 1004AH, 5 Volumes, published by Daaru-l-Kutoob Ilmiyah, Beirut, Lebanon.
  • Tafsir al-Mazhari by Qadi Thanaullah Panipati Usmani Mujaddidi Ann-Naqshibandiyah
  • Ruh al-Ma'ani ('The Spirit of Meanings on the Exegesis of the Sublime Qur'an) by Mahmud Alusi al-Hanafi (d.1270 AH/1854 CE).
  • Mushkilaatu-l-Qur'aan by Sayyid Muhammad Anwar Shah Kashmiri, edited with references and one of the introductions by Mawlana Ahmad Bijnuri, and another introduction by the author's favourite student Mawlana Sayyid Muhammad Yoosuf Binnori. The book predominantly in Arabic but passages in the Farsi language also appears throughout the work. The main objective for undertaking to write this work was to interpret only those verses of the Holy Qur'an which are generally considered to be difficult to understand. A special feature of this particular work is that the author has, in addition, set aside 190 verses that, in his opinion, required further discussion and repeated consideration. Published posthumously in Maligaon, Surat, Gujrat, India, by Majlis al- 'Ilmi in 1974.

Sufi

  • Ruh al-Bayan by Ismail Hakki Bursevi (1653-1725 CE).[9] A ten-volume Arabic work by the founder of the Hakkiyye Jelveti Sufi Order from Turkey.
  • Al-Bahru-l-Madeed fee Tafseeru-l-Qur'aanu-mm-Majeed ('The Immense Ocean') by Ahmad ibn Ajiba (1747-1809 CE), generally known as Tafsir ibn Ajibah - an 6/8 volume work by a Moroccan Sheikh of the Darqarwi branch of the Shadhili Order of Sufism.

Other schools and branches[edit]

Modern Tafsīrs[edit]

  • Tafsir al-Mizan by Muhammad Husayn Tabatabaei (1904-1981). By Allama Tabataba'I, explanation of Quranic verses with the help of other relevant verses. English version is available as well.
  • Tafsir E Ashrafi by Shaykh al-Islām Sayad Muhammad Madani Ashrafi Jilani has written a 10 volume Tafsir and its received acclaim by all leading scholars to be the best Urdu Tafsir of this time. It has been specifically been praised for being easy to understand, simple yet effective at the same time.
  • Tafsir al-Manar by Rashid Rida (1865-1935). 12 volumes of tafsir written in concise and straightforward languages that is accessible to both mufassir and non-mufassir alike.[12] It served as his avenue for propagating his thoughts on Islamic Modernism.[13]
  • Tafhim-ul-Quran by Abul A'la Maududi; 06 volumes of tafsir written in 30 years. Available online.[14]
  • Fi Zilal al-Quran ('In the Shade of the Quran') by Sayyid Qutb (1906-1966). Many praise it as a modern commentary, but at the same time, many critics including some Sunni scholars say that Qutb had little Islamic knowledge, and wrote his commentary according to his own opinion. It has also been attacked for not following the style of classical commentaries.
  • Tafsir ('A Thematic Commentary on the Qur'an') by Mohammed al-Ghazali (1917–1996), a contemporary Egyptian scholar not to be confused with Imam al-Ghazali. This commentary tries to explore the themes that weave through the entire Qur'an as well as the main theme of each chapter.
  • Risale-i Nur by Said Nursî (1878-1960) written mainly in Turkish, is a large work, with four main volumes. It consists of extensive exegesis of certain verses and explanation of the fundamentals of how to approach the Qur'an. It especially explains the verses that 21st Century people need most. In other words, it studies the verses about the six articles of belief of Islam such as believing in God and the day of judgment. It also gives logical answers to the questions asked by Atheists. This work is written in a more accessible style to the general public and is translated into 52 languages.[15][16][17]
  • Tafsir Al-shaarawi by Muhammad Metwali Alsharawi (1911–1998), a famous Egyptian scholar.
  • Tafsir Shobar (19th century) by Seyyed Abdullah Alavi Hosseini Mosavi.
  • Tafsir al-Tahrir wa'l-Tanwir (1984) by Muhammad al-Tahir ibn Ashur. Notable of its emphasis on the rhetorical aspect of the Qur'an.
  • Al-tafser al-waset by Muhammad Sayyid Tantawy (28 October 1928 – 10 March 2010), Grand Imam of Al-Azhar.

Tafsirs written in languages other than Arabic[edit]

Bengali[edit]

Sunni

Others

English[edit]

Sunni

Others

[24]

Bahasa Indonesia[edit]

Malay[edit]

Persian[edit]

Sunni[edit]

  • Tafsir-e Tabari: a 10th-century translation of the Tafsir al-Tabari in Persian
  • Tafsir-e Nasafi: an 11th-century translation and tafsir by Abu Hafs Umar an-Nasafi
  • Fat-hur Rahman: an 18th-century Tafseer in Persian by Shah Waliullah Dehlawi
  • Tafsir-e Azizi: an 18th-century Tafseer in Persian by Al-Muhaddith Shah Abdul Aziz Dihlawi, son of Shah Waliullah Dehlawi. (A large part of this Tafseer was lost on 1847 CE along with the commentary on Sunan Abu Dawood.)
  • Mushkilaatu-l-Qur'aan by Sayyid Muhammad Anwar Shah Kashmiri, edited with references and one of the introductions by Mawlana Ahmad Bijnuri, and another introduction by the author's favourite student Mawlana Sayyid Muhammad Yoosuf Binnori. This partial commentary is predominantly in Arabic but passages in the Persian language also appears throughout the work. The main objective for undertaking to write this work was to interpret only those verses of the Holy Qur'an which are generally considered to be difficult to understand. A special feature of this particular work is that the author has, in addition, set aside 190 verses that, in his opinion, required further discussion and repeated consideration. Published posthumously in Maligaon, Surat, Gujrat, India, by Majlis al- 'Ilmi in 1974.

Other schools and branches[edit]

Sindhi[edit]

Urdu[edit]

Sunni[edit]

Other schools and branches[edit]

[[2]]

Turkish[edit]

See also[edit]

  • Qur'an
  • Tafsir
  • List of Islamic texts
  • "English Tafseer".

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Tafsir al-Tabari".
  2. ^ Madelung, W., “al-Māturīdī”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs.
  3. ^ Madelung, W., “al-Māturīdī”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs.
  4. ^ Madelung, W., “al-Māturīdī”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs.
  5. ^ "Tafsir al-Qurtubi".
  6. ^ "al-Baydawi's "Anwar al-Tanzil wa Asrar al-Ta'wil" with Frontispiece". World Digital Library. Retrieved 1 March 2013.
  7. ^ "Tafsir ibn Kathir".
  8. ^ "Altafsir.com – Tafsir Al-Jalalayn - تفسير الجلالين." Altafsir.com – Tafsir Al-Jalalayn - تفسير الجلالين. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 June 2013.
  9. ^ http://www.beshara.org/principles/talks-and-articles/lectures-and-talks/BurseviShortCRyan.html. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  10. ^ Ahmad Al-Saiid Zaki Hemeidah, Repentance as a Legal Concept, pg. 26. Master's thesis for the University of Arizona's Department of Near Eastern Studies, 2011.
  11. ^ Hussein Abdul-Raof, Theological Approaches to Qur'anic Exegesis: A Practical Comparative-Contrastive Analysis, pg. 282. Abingdon-on-Thames: Routledge, 2012.
  12. ^ تفسير المنار قود ريدر اطلع عليه في 22 أغسطس 2015
  13. ^ Mir, Mustansir. (1995). "Tafsīr". In John L. Esposito. The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  14. ^ "Tafhim-ul-Quran".
  15. ^ Risale-i Nur hakkında herşey burada
  16. ^ Risale-i Nur hakkında herşey burada
  17. ^ [1]
  18. ^ "Tafheemul Qur'an".
  19. ^ "Tafseer-e-Usmani".
  20. ^ "Ma'ariful Qur'an".
  21. ^ "Israr-ut-Tanzeel".
  22. ^ "The Study Qur'an - HarperCollins Publishers".
  23. ^ Mohammed, Khaleel (2005). "Assessing English Translations of the Qur'an". Middle East Quarterly. Retrieved 16 January 2012.
  24. ^ "Noor Al Irfan".
  25. ^ Kannada
  26. ^ Risale-i Nur hakkında herşey burada
  27. ^ Kur'An-I Kerim, Elmalili Tefsiri

External links[edit]