List of tallest buildings and structures in Liverpool

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Architectural styles vary greatly throughout the city centre

This list of the tallest buildings and structures in Liverpool ranks skyscrapers and structures in Liverpool, England, by height (buildings in the wider Liverpool urban area are listed separately within the article). The tallest building in Liverpool is currently the 40-storey West Tower, which rises 140 metres (459 ft) on Liverpool's waterfront. It is also the joint 21st-tallest building in the United Kingdom.[1] Liverpool is a city undergoing mass regeneration and older buildings are being demolished to make way for new developments. During the mid-2000s, ten 1960s apartment blocks over 50 metres (164 ft) tall in the city were demolished.[2]

The history of tall buildings and structures in Liverpool began in 1911, with the completion of the Royal Liver Building, which stands at 295 feet (90 metres)[3] and was widely reported to be Britain's first skyscraper.[4] This period marked the pinnacle of Liverpool's economic success, when it regarded itself as the "second city" of the British Empire.[5][6] In 1965 its 54-year reign as the tallest building in Liverpool came to an end, with the completion of Radio City Tower. At 138 metres (453 ft) it was originally going to be a ventilation shaft but was later converted into a revolving restaurant and then in 2000 a radio station.[7] In 2008, Radio City Tower was topped by the Beetham Organization's West Tower by two metres.[8] However, this record could soon be broken by the proposed King Edward Tower at 170 metres (558 ft),[9] which would also become one of the tallest buildings in the United Kingdom outside London upon completion.[10]

There is also an ambitious proposal named Liverpool Waters which, if built, would include most of the city's tallest buildings, with numerous being over fifty storeys tall.[11] However, plans for this development so close to the main waterfront could affect the city's status as a World Heritage Site according to English Heritage.

The tallest building ever envisaged for Liverpool was the Otterspool Tower at 305 metres (1,001 ft) and 79 storeys. However, the centrepiece for a proposed 1980s 'garden festival' was never built.[12] As of 2015, the tallest building pending approval is the Shanghai Tower which will contain 50 storeys and be at least 200 metres (656 ft) tall if and when built.[13]

Panoramic view of Liverpool seen from the River Mersey in January 2009. The Three Graces, Liverpool's two cathedrals (Anglican and Roman Catholic) and skyscrapers of the new commercial district are all visible.

Tallest buildings and structures in Liverpool[edit]

This list ranks the top 38 completed buildings and structures in Liverpool at least 45m tall, which excludes buildings under construction, proposed buildings and cancelled buildings.

An equal sign (=) following a rank indicates the same height between two or more buildings.

Rank Name (alternate names) Image Height Floors Year Coordinates Notes
1 West Tower
(Beetham West Tower)
West Tower, Liverpool, England.jpg 140 m 460 ft 40 2008 53°24′36″N 2°59′48″W / 53.40987°N 2.99668°W / 53.40987; -2.99668 [8]
2 Radio City Tower
(St. John's Beacon, St. John's Tower)
St John's Beacon - Liverpool - 2005-06-27.jpg 138 m 453 ft N/A 1965 53°24′23″N 2°58′55″W / 53.40639°N 2.98194°W / 53.40639; -2.98194 [14]
3 Liverpool Cathedral
(Cathedral Church of Christ in Liverpool, Anglican Cathedral)
Liverpool Cathedral - geograph.org.uk - 310159.jpg 101 m 331 ft N/A 1978 53°23′51″N 2°58′23″W / 53.39750°N 2.97306°W / 53.39750; -2.97306 [15]
4= Beetham Tower Beetham tower liverpool.jpg 90 m 300 ft 27 2004 53°24′36″N 2°59′49″W / 53.410°N 2.997°W / 53.410; -2.997 [16]
4= Royal Liver Building
(The Liver Building, Royal Liver Assurance)
Royal Liver Building Liverpool 3.jpg 90 m 300 ft 13 1911 53°24′21″N 2°59′45″W / 53.40583°N 2.99583°W / 53.40583; -2.99583 [17]
6 Alexandra Tower Alexandra Tower 112.jpg 88 m 289 ft 27 2008 53°24′23″N 2°59′50″W / 53.40625°N 2.99726°W / 53.40625; -2.99726 [18]
7 Liverpool Metropolitan Cathedral
(Liverpool Metropolitan Cathedral of Christ the King)
The steps leading up to the main entrance of the Metropolitan Cathedral - geograph.org.uk - 1206795.jpg 87 m 285 ft N/A 1967 53°24′17″N 2°58′04″W / 53.404754°N 2.967725°W / 53.404754; -2.967725 [19]
8 Unity Residential Unity Residential close up.jpg 86 m 282 ft 27 2007 53°24′27″N 2°59′42″W / 53.407478°N 2.995120°W / 53.407478; -2.995120 [20]
9 New Hall Place
(The Capital, Royal & SunAlliance Building)
New Hall Place, Liverpool, England.jpg 76 m 249 ft 13 1974 53°24′33″N 2°59′41″W / 53.409189°N 2.994693°W / 53.409189; -2.994693 [21]
10= 1 Princes Dock 1 princes dock.jpg 73 m 240 ft 22 2006 53°24′39″N 2°59′58″W / 53.410893°N 2.999517°W / 53.410893; -2.999517 [22]
10= Metropolitan House
(City Tower, Post & Echo Building)
Liverpool Post and Echo Building.jpg 73 m 240 ft 18 1974 53°24′34″N 2°59′40″W / 53.409505°N 2.994565°W / 53.409505; -2.994565 [23]
12 Royal Liverpool University Hospital Boiler House 67 m 220 ft N/A 1978 53°24′37″N 2°57′48″W / 53.410414°N 2.963262°W / 53.410414; -2.963262 [24]
13 Unity Commercial Unitycommercial2.jpg 64 m 210 ft 16 2007 53°24′27″N 2°59′42″W / 53.407478°N 2.995120°W / 53.407478; -2.995120 [20]
14= The Plaza
(Sir John Moores Building)
Plaza, Liverpool.jpg 65 m 213 ft 18 1965 53°24′39″N 2°59′41″W / 53.410915°N 2.994734°W / 53.410915; -2.994734 [25]
14= Port of Liverpool Building
(MDHB Building, Dock Office)
Port of Liverpool Building and statue of King Edward VII.jpg 65 m 213 ft 7 1907 53°24′15″N 2°59′41″W / 53.40417°N 2.99472°W / 53.40417; -2.99472 [26]
16 Welsh Presbyterian Church
(Toxteth Cathedral)
Welsh Presbyterian church, Princes Road, Liverpool.jpg 61 m 200 ft N/A 1868 53°23′38″N 2°57′50″W / 53.39379°N 2.96383°W / 53.39379; -2.96383 [27]
17= Mann Island Building 3 Mann Island 3 Close Up.jpg 60 m 200 ft 13 2011 53°24′14″N 2°59′35″W / 53.403990°N 2.992947°W / 53.403990; -2.992947 [28]
17= George's Dock Ventilation Building for Queensway Tunnel Liverpool Queensway Tunnel ventilation tower and offices Pierhead.jpg 60 m 200 ft 6 1934 53°24′17″N 2°59′38″W / 53.404614°N 2.993925°W / 53.404614; -2.993925 [29]
17= North John Street Ventilation Station 60 m 200 ft N/A 1935 53°24′25″N 2°59′22″W / 53.406874°N 2.989419°W / 53.406874; -2.989419 [30]
17= Wheel of Liverpool Ferris wheel Liverpool One Wheel head on.JPG 60 m 200 ft N/A 2009 53°23′54″N 2°59′26″W / 53.3984°N 2.9905°W / 53.3984; -2.9905 [31]
21 Liverpool John Lennon Airport Control Tower John lennon airport tower.jpg 55 m 180 ft N/A 2002 53°19′48″N 2°50′51″W / 53.329947°N 2.847621°W / 53.329947; -2.847621 [32]
22 Church of Our Lady and St. Nicholas
(Liverpool Parish Church, the Sailors' Church, Landmark Tower)
Church of Our Lady and Saint Nicholas, Liverpool 6.jpg 53 m 174 ft N/A 1868 53°24′25″N 2°59′41″W / 53.407028°N 2.994853°W / 53.407028; -2.994853 [33]
23 One Park West Block B One Park West.jpg 52 m 171 ft 17 2009 53°24′11″N 2°59′23″W / 53.402944°N 2.989612°W / 53.402944; -2.989612 [34]
24= Silkhouse Court Silkhouse Court.jpg 50 m 160 ft 15 53°24′31″N 2°59′30″W / 53.408624°N 2.991682°W / 53.408624; -2.991682 [35]
24= Mann Island Building 2 Mann Island Building 2.jpg 50 m 160 ft 13 2011 53°24′14″N 2°59′35″W / 53.403990°N 2.992947°W / 53.403990; -2.992947 [36]
24= Wellington Building Wellington Building, Liverpool.jpg 50 m 160 ft 12 53°24′21″N 2°59′37″W / 53.405707°N 2.993646°W / 53.405707; -2.993646 [37]
27= Mann Island Building 1 Mann Island Building 1.jpg 49 m 161 ft 13 2011 53°24′14″N 2°59′35″W / 53.403990°N 2.992947°W / 53.403990; -2.992947 [38]
27= St. Mary's Church St Mary's Church, West Derby - geograph.org.uk - 37445.jpg 49 m 161 ft N/A 1856 53°26′00″N 2°54′31″W / 53.433463°N 2.908657°W / 53.433463; -2.908657 [39]
27= Church of Saint Francis Xavier Liverpool SFX.jpg 49 m 161 ft N/A 1848 53°24′48″N 2°58′11″W / 53.413219°N 2.969742°W / 53.413219; -2.969742 [40]
30= Candia Towers Candia and Crete Towers, Liverpool.jpg 47 m 154 ft 16 1967 53°25′43″N 2°58′36″W / 53.428714°N 2.976705°W / 53.428714; -2.976705 [41]
30= Crete Towers Candia and Crete Towers, Liverpool.jpg 47 m 154 ft 16 1967 53°25′43″N 2°58′39″W / 53.428573°N 2.977434°W / 53.428573; -2.977434 [42]
30= Marwood Towers Marwood Tower, Liverpool.jpg 47 m 154 ft 16 1965 53°25′36″N 2°58′46″W / 53.426636°N 2.979548°W / 53.426636; -2.979548 [43]
30= View 146 Tower 1
(Millburn Heights)
View 146, Liverpool.jpg 47 m 154 ft 16 1965 53°25′23″N 2°58′30″W / 53.423024°N 2.97501°W / 53.423024; -2.97501 [44]
30= Royal Liverpool University Hospital Royal Liverpool University Hospital - geograph.org.uk - 209169.jpg 47 m 154 ft 12 1978 53°24′34″N 2°57′49″W / 53.409493°N 2.963734°W / 53.409493; -2.963734 [45]
35= View 146 Tower 2
(Bryford Heights)
View 146, Liverpool.jpg 46 m 151 ft 16 1965 53°25′22″N 2°58′33″W / 53.422845°N 2.975922°W / 53.422845; -2.975922 [46]
35= One Park West Block A One Park West Block A.jpg 46 m 151 ft 15 2009 53°24′11″N 2°59′25″W / 53.40313°N 2.990416°W / 53.40313; -2.990416 [47]
37= The Strand Travelodge 45 m 148 ft 11 2012 53°24′16″N 2°59′31″W / 53.40431°N 2.99201°W / 53.40431; -2.99201 [48]
37= Municipal Building Municipal Buildings Liverpool 4.jpg 45 m 148 ft 3 1866 53°24′30″N 2°59′10″W / 53.408464°N 2.986221°W / 53.408464; -2.986221 [49]
The eight tallest buildings and structures in Liverpool.

Tallest buildings and structures by usage[edit]

Tallest residential building

West Tower - 140 m (460 ft)

Tallest observation tower

Radio City Tower - 138 m (453 ft)

Tallest religious building

Liverpool Cathedral - 101 m (331 ft)

Tallest commercial building

Royal Liver Building - 90 m (300 ft)

Tallest chimney stack

Royal Liverpool University Hospital Boiler House - 67 m (220 ft)

Tallest church spire

Welsh Presbyterian Church - 61 m (200 ft)

Tallest Ferris wheel

Wheel of Liverpool - 60 m (200 ft)

Tallest air traffic control tower

Liverpool John Lennon Airport Control Tower - 55 m (180 ft)

Tallest hospital

Royal Liverpool University Hospital - 47 m (154 ft)

Tallest hotel

The Strand Travelodge - 45 m (148 ft)

Tallest government building

Municipal Buildings - 45 m (148 ft)

Tallest museum or gallery

Victoria Gallery & Museum - 40 m (130 ft)

Tallest monument

Wellington's Column - 40 m (130 ft)

Tallest retail building

Site 6 Paradise Street - 37 m (121 ft)

Tallest water tower

Everton water tower - 26 m (85 ft)

Tallest under construction, approved and proposed in Liverpool[edit]

Below are sub-sections for the tallest under construction, approved and proposed buildings and structures in Liverpool. Cancelled projects such as the Otterspool Tower, Brunswick Quay, the Fourth Grace Towers and Lime Street Gateway are not included.[50]

Under construction[edit]

This lists buildings that are under construction in Liverpool (over 45m).

Name Height Floors Year
(est.)
Coordinates Notes
Central Station Tower 1 76 m 249 ft 25 53°24′15″N 2°58′43″W / 53.40404°N 2.97863°W / 53.40404; -2.97863 [51]
Central Station Tower 2 61 m 200 ft 20 53°24′13″N 2°58′40″W / 53.40354°N 2.97785°W / 53.40354; -2.97785 [52]

Approved[edit]

This lists buildings that have been approved in Liverpool (over 45m).

Name Height Floors Year
(est.)
Notes
Plot 3a Princes Dock 105 m 344 ft 33 [53]
Greenburgs Tower 76 m 249 ft 25 [54]
30 Pall Mall 72 m 236 ft 18 [55]
Queens Dock Tower 67 m 220 ft 22 [56]
The Quarter Phase 3 67 m 220 ft 22 [57][58]
New World Square Tower Building 57 m 187 ft 18 [59][60]
740 Great George Street 46 m 151 ft 15 [61]
Columbus Quay 46 m 151 ft 15 [62]
Stanley Park Stadium 45 m 148 ft N/A [63]

Proposed[edit]

A model of the proposed Liverpool Waters

This lists buildings that have only been proposed to be built in Liverpool (over 45m).

Name Height Floors Year
(est.)
Notes
Shanghai Tower 200 m 660 ft+ 50 2025 [13]
King Edward Tower 170 m 560 ft 54 2014 [64][65]
Kings Dock Tower 1 67 m 220 ft 22 [66][67]
Kings Dock Tower 2 49 m 161 ft 16 [68]

Liverpool Waters[edit]

Liverpool Waters is a large scale £5.5bn development that has been proposed by the company Peel Holdings in the Vauxhall and dockland areas of Liverpool. The development is expected to create 21m sq ft of new commercial and residential floor space and consist of upwards of fifty buildings, with many over fifty storeys high. There is a sister project on the other side of the Mersey called Wirral Waters.[69][70] At 50 storeys, the tallest of all buildings included within the proposal is named Shanghai Tower (as to pay homage to Liverpool's historical and present links to the Chinese city), it will include a five star hotel and over 1,000,000 sq ft (93,000 m2) of mixed use floor space.[71][72] Developers have stated that the project may take fifty years before it is finished. The proposals are presently at the planning stage and are subject to public acceptance.[73]

The eight tallest completed, approved and proposed buildings and structures in Liverpool. Note that Shanghai Tower is the only building within the Liverpool Waters development that has been specifically proposed, many other buildings will consist of over fifty stories if built.

Controversy[edit]

Liverpool's status as a UNESCO World Heritage Site has been threatened with withdrawal by English Heritage[74] if plans for Liverpool Waters goes ahead, claiming that the development would risk "overwhelming the defining characteristics of the area with opposing ones". A spokesperson for English Heritage said: "We believe that it is possible to come up with a creative and imaginative scheme of regeneration for the area without necessarily having these tall buildings (at Clarence Dock) that is still economically viable and diminishes the impact."[75] Development company Peel have refused the removal of any skyscrapers from the Liverpool Waters project, however.[76] In 2011 the proposed site was visited by UNESCO inspectors who then advised the World Heritage Committee whether the city’s status, which was awarded in 2004, should go on the “at risk” register.[77] Following the visit, UNESCO decided to "inscribe Liverpool – Maritime Mercantile City (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland) on the List of World Heritage in Danger, with the possibility of deletion of the property from the World Heritage List, should the current project be approved and implemented."[78]

Tallest buildings and structures in the Liverpool Urban Area[edit]

The Triad in Bootle is the tallest building in urban Liverpool outside the city centre

The list below contains the tallest buildings and structures in the Liverpool Urban Area. This term is used by the Office for National Statistics (ONS) to denote the urban area around Liverpool.[79]

Rank Name Area Height Floors Year Notes
m ft
1 The Triad Bootle 89 292 23 1974 [80]
2 Magdalen House Bootle 67 220 18 [81]
3 Northbank East Tower Seacombe 64 210 21 [82]
4 Strand House Bootle 62 203 22 1968 [83]
5= The Cliff 1 Wallasey 52 171 17 1962 [84]
5= The Cliff 2 Wallasey 52 171 17 1962 [85]
7 Stella Nova Bootle 51 167 15 2009 [86]
8= Salisbury House Bootle 49 161 15 1968 [87]
8= Daniel House Bootle 49 161 15 [88]
10= St Martins House Bootle 46 151 13 [89]
10= Oxford House Bootle 46 151 16 1968 [90]
10= Stanley House Bootle 46 151 16 1968 [91]
10= Mersey House Bootle 46 151 16 1968 [92]
10= Irlam House Bootle 46 151 16 1968 [93]
10= Montgomery House Seaforth 46 151 15 [94]
10= Alexander House Seaforth 46 151 15 [95]
10= Churchill House Seaforth 46 151 15 [96]
10= Willow House Seaforth 46 151 15 [97]
10= Dean House Seaforth 15
10= Chapel House Seaforth 15
10= Vine House Seaforth 46 151 15 [98]

Timeline of tallest buildings and structures[edit]

Liverpool's skyline has been built up mostly in the last 10 years. The Royal Liver Building held the title of tallest structure in Liverpool for 54 years until Radio City Tower was completed in 1965. Radio City Tower was finally beaten in 2008 by West Tower.

Year tallest Name Image Height Floors Coordinates Notes
1815–1868 Church of Our Lady and St. Nicholas' Tower Liverpool, Pier Head church.jpg 53 m 174 ft N/A 53°24′25″N 2°59′41″W / 53.407028°N 2.994853°W / 53.407028; -2.994853 [99]
1868–1907 Welsh Presbyterian Church Welsh Presbyterian church, Princes Road, Liverpool.jpg 61 m 200 ft N/A 53°23′38″N 2°57′50″W / 53.39379°N 2.96383°W / 53.39379; -2.96383 [100]
1907–1911 Port of Liverpool Building Port of Liverpool Building Front.jpg 65 m 213 ft 7 53°24′15″N 2°59′41″W / 53.40417°N 2.99472°W / 53.40417; -2.99472 [101]
1911–1965 Royal Liver Building Royal Liver Building.jpg 90 m 300 ft 13 53°24′21″N 2°59′45″W / 53.40583°N 2.99583°W / 53.40583; -2.99583 [17]
1965–2008 Radio City Tower St John's Beacon - Liverpool - 2005-06-27.jpg 120 m 390 ft N/A 53°24′23″N 2°58′55″W / 53.40639°N 2.98194°W / 53.40639; -2.98194 [14]
2008–present West Tower West Tower from ground level.jpg 140 m 460 ft 40 53°24′36″N 2°59′48″W / 53.40987°N 2.99668°W / 53.40987; -2.99668 [8]

Gallery[edit]

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External links[edit]