List of tallest buildings and structures in London

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The BT Tower, completed in 1964 at 177 metres tall
The BT Tower, completed in 1964 at 177 metres tall
30 St Mary Axe "the Gherkin", completed in 2004 at 180 metres tall
30 St Mary Axe "the Gherkin", completed in 2003 at 180 metres tall
The Shard, completed in 2012 at 309.6 metres tall
The Shard, completed in 2012 at 309.6 metres tall
Arguably London's three most famous skyscrapers

St Paul's Cathedral, built in 1710, was the tallest building in London at 111 metres (364 ft) until it was overtaken in 1963 by the Millbank Tower at 118 metres (387 ft), which in turn was overtaken by the BT Tower which topped out at 177 metres (581 ft) tall in 1964. In the 1960s and 1970s several high-rise buildings were built, located sporadically, mostly in the western side of Central London with some in the City of London. The first true "skyscrapers" to be built in London were the NatWest Tower (now called Tower 42) which was completed in 1980 in the City of London at 183 metres (600 ft) tall and One Canada Square which was completed in 1991 at 235 metres (771 ft) and formed the centrepiece of the Canary Wharf development. The 2000s saw a boom in skyscraper building, mostly in the City of London and Canary Wharf. However, since 2010, the tallest building in London has been The Shard at London Bridge, which was topped out at 309.6 metres (1,016 ft) in 2012. There are more tall buildings planned for the City and Canary Wharf, but there are also clusters emerging in other districts of London including: Stratford, the South Bank, Elephant and Castle, Vauxhall, Nine Elms, Islington as well as in places in Outer London such as Croydon.

The Greater London metropolitan area contains the second most skyscrapers of a city in Europe. As of 2020, there are 34 skyscrapers in London that reach a roof height of at least 150 metres (492 ft),[1] with 40 in Moscow, 17 in the Paris Metropolitan Area, 14 in Frankfurt, 11 in Warsaw, five in Madrid and Milan, three each in Manchester and Rotterdam.

History[edit]

Medieval and early modern period[edit]

The history of tall structures in London began with the completion of the 27-metre (89 ft) White Tower, a part of the Tower of London, in 1098.[2] The first structure to surpass a height of 100 metres (328 ft) was the Old St Paul's Cathedral. Completed in 1310, it stood at a height of 150 metres (492 ft).[2] St Paul's was the world's tallest structure until 1311, when its height was surpassed by Lincoln Cathedral in Lincoln.[3][4] It regained the title when the spire of Lincoln Cathedral fell in 1549.[4][5][6] Although the spire of the Old St Paul's was destroyed by lightning in 1561, it still stood as the tallest structure in London,[6] while the world's tallest structure became Strasbourg Cathedral in Strasbourg, France.[7][8][self-published source?] St Paul's was severely damaged by the Great Fire of London in 1666.[9] The title of the tallest structure in London passed to Southwark Cathedral, which stands at a height of 50 metres (164 ft) and no structure in London again rose above 100 metres until 1710, when the current St Paul's Cathedral was completed at 111 metres (364 ft), becoming London's tallest building.[10][2]

19th century[edit]

Few skyscrapers were built in London before the late 20th century, owing to restrictions on building heights originally imposed by the London Building Act of 1894, which followed the construction of the 14-storey Queen Anne's Mansions.[11] Though restrictions have long since been eased, strict regulations remain to preserve protected views, especially those of St Paul's, the Tower of London and Palace of Westminster, as well as to comply with the requirements of the Civil Aviation Authority.[12][13]

1960s and 1970s[edit]

The lifting of height restrictions caused a boom in the construction of tall buildings during the 1960s.[13][14] St Paul's Cathedral remained as London's tallest building until it was overtaken in 1963 by the Millbank Tower at 118 metres (387 ft),[2][15][16] which in turn was overtaken by the BT Tower which topped out just one year later in 1964 at 177 metres (581 ft) and officially opened in 1965.[2][17][18][19] One of London's first notable tall buildings was the 117-metre (384 ft) Centre Point, completed in 1966.[20] Others completed in the 1960s include: the Empress State Building at 100 metres (328 ft) in 1961,[15][21] the Shell Centre at 107 metres (351 ft) in 1961,[22][23] the London Hilton at 101 metres (331 ft) in 1963,[24][25] Portland House at 101 metres (331 ft) in 1963,[22][26] and Euston Tower at 124 metres (407 ft) in 1970,[15][27] all built in the west side of Central London. In 1969, St. Helen's at 118 metres (387 ft) was completed in the City of London,[15][28] along with Britannic House in 1967 at 122 metres (400 ft),[29][30] but the latter was refurbished in 2000, increased to 127m in height and renamed Citypoint.[31] Cromwell Tower, completed in 1973, Lauderdale Tower, completed in 1974 and Shakespeare Tower, completed in 1976, all at 123 metres (404 ft), were built as part of the Barbican Estate in the northern part of the City of London.[32][33][34]

1980s, 1990s and 2000's[edit]

The NatWest Tower (now called Tower 42) was completed in 1980, which at 183 metres (600 ft) and 42 storeys, was considered the first "skyscraper" in the City of London.[35] Its height was controversial, being contrary to the previous height restrictions, it was the tallest building in the United Kingdom at the time and also the tallest cantilever building in the world.[35] Following an over ten-year gap, One Canada Square was completed in 1991 at 235 metres (771 ft) and formed the centrepiece of the Canary Wharf development,[35] which itself is part of the Isle of Dogs and can be considered the east-side of Central London. At 50 storeys, it became the tallest building in the United Kingdom.[35]

With the encouragement of Ken Livingstone who was Mayor of London from 2000 to 2008, a renewed trend for building tall was established in the 2000s.[36][37][38]

Following another over 10-year gap, 8 Canada Square and 25 Canada Square, both standing at 200 metres (660 ft), were completed at Canary Wharf in 2002.[39][40] Several others of a smaller height followed at Canary Wharf including: Heron Quays,[41] 40 Bank Street in 2003 at 153 metres (502 ft),[41] 10 Upper Bank Street in 2003 at 151 metres (495 ft),[41] and 25 Bank Street in 2004 at 153 metres (502 ft).[41] In the City of London, 30 St Mary Axe, nicknamed "the Gherkin" was completed in 2003 at 180 metres (590 ft),[42] Heron Tower in 2007 at 230 metres (750 ft),[43] and the Broadgate Tower in 2008 at 165 metres (541 ft).[44][41] Notably, some of the awards given to 30 St Mary Axe include the Emporis Skyscraper Award in 2003[45] and the RIBA Stirling Prize for Architecture in 2004.[46]

2010's to present[edit]

Boris Johnson who was Mayor of London from 2008 to 2016 approved the construction of more skyscrapers in London.[47][48][49]

The Shard topped out in 2012 at London Bridge and at 309.6 metres (1,016 ft) remains London's tallest building.[50] In 2014, the 225 metres (738 ft) tall 122 Leadenhall Street, nicknamed "the Cheesegrater", was completed in the City of London.[51] In September, 2016 a refit was completed of the 111m King's Reach Tower, originally built in the 1970s, which included an 11-storey height increase to bring it up to 150 metres (490 ft) tall and it was renamed the South Bank Tower.[52] One Blackfriars, also located on the South Bank, topped out in 2017 at 163 metres (535 ft).[53][54] The Scalpel, at 190 metres (620 ft) was completed in the City of London in 2018 and it was designed to protect views of St Paul's Catherdral.[55] Newfoundland Quay, at 220 metres (720 ft) and Landmark Pinnacle at 233 metres (764 ft) topped out in Canary Wharf in 2018 and 2019 respectively.[56][57] One Park Drive at 205 metres (673 ft) and South Quay Plaza at 215 metres (705 ft) both also topped out at Canary Wharf in 2019.[58][59][60] 22 Bishopsgate, at 278 metres (912 ft) topped out in the City of London in 2019,[61] after being approved by the current Mayor of London, Sadiq Khan, in 2016.[2]

1 Undershaft, at 290 metres (950 ft), also approved by Sadiq Khan in 2016,[2] is planned to form the centrepiece of the City of London's skyscraper cluster. It is the tallest skyscraper currently proposed for London and will only be exceeded in height by The Shard.[62] It will be built on the site of the aforementioned 1969 St Helen's building which will be demolished.[63] 100 Leadenhall, at 249 metres (817 ft), and already nicknamed the "Cheesegrater 2", is also planned for the City of London.[64] Spire London, at 235 metres (771 ft) is planned for Canary Wharf.[65] However, construction was halted after concerns that the building only had one escape stairwell for residents on the upper floors.[55] The tallest of the two Riverside South towers that have been planned for construction at Canary Wharf since 2008 would have exceeded that cluster's tallest building, One Canada Square, by 1 metre in height, but construction has been stalled since 2011.[66][67] Construction has started on the 216 metres (709 ft) tall Consort Place (previously called Alpha Square) also at Canary Wharf.[68]

There is another major skyscraper cluster emerging in the Vauxhall and Nine Elms districts of London.[69][70] The first skyscraper to appear here was St George Wharf Tower at 181 metres (594 ft) and which was completed in 2014.[71] The tallest tower planned for this cluster is the 200 metres (660 ft) One Nine Elms City Tower.[72]

In 2019, Sadiq Khan blocked the construction of the 290 metre tall Tulip that would have been built in the City of London.[73] However, in January, 2020, the developers of the tower launched an appeal against Khan's decision which is to be considered at a public inquiry in the middle of the year.[74]

Skylines[edit]

The City of London skyline as viewed from St Paul's Cathedral, December, 2019. The tallest building shown here is 22 Bishopsgate at 278m, which topped out in 2019. Since its construction the famous "Gherkin" building is no longer visible from this angle. There are currently three towers in this cluster that are above 200m tall with three more approved to be constructed at 204m, 249m and 290m by 2026. Also shown in the far distance on the left is the emerging cluster in Stratford
The City of London skyline as viewed from St Paul's Cathedral, December, 2019. The tallest building shown here is 22 Bishopsgate at 278m, which topped out in 2019. Since its construction the famous "Gherkin" building is no longer visible from this angle. There are currently three towers in this cluster that are above 200m tall with three more approved to be constructed at 204m, 249m and 290m by 2026. Also shown in the far distance on the left is the emerging cluster in Stratford
The "northern cluster" of the City of London. Some of the smaller skyscrapers shown here include: the Barbican Estate, The Heron, Citypoint, Principal Tower and the Broadgate Tower. Also shown in the distance on the far left are 250 City Road and Lexicon Tower in the London Borough of Islington. Under construction in the centre is Finsbury Tower (106m). On the right under construction is One Crown Place (123m) and The Stage, Shoreditch (115m). Also approved for this cluster is the 154m tall 2-3 Finsbury Avenue and the 156m tall 13-14 Appold Street
The "northern cluster" of the City of London. Some of the smaller skyscrapers shown here include: the Barbican Estate, The Heron, Citypoint, Principal Tower and the Broadgate Tower. Also shown in the distance on the far left are 250 City Road and Lexicon Tower in the London Borough of Islington. Under construction in the centre is Finsbury Tower (106m). On the right under construction is One Crown Place (123m) and The Stage, Shoreditch (115m). Also approved for this cluster is the 154m tall 2-3 Finsbury Avenue and the 156m tall 13-14 Appold Street
The Canary Wharf and Isle of Dogs business district as viewed from the south-west, December, 2019. The tallest building in this cluster is One Canada Square with the pyramid-shaped roof which was completed in 1991 and stands at 235m
The Canary Wharf and Isle of Dogs business district as viewed from the south-west, December, 2019. The tallest building in this cluster is One Canada Square with the pyramid-shaped roof which was completed in 1991 and stands at 235m
The Canary Wharf and Isle of Dogs business district as viewed from the south-east, December, 2019. There are currently seven towers in this cluster that are at least 200m tall with more planned. However, due to the proximity of London City Airport it is unlikely that any of them will exceed the height of the existing One Canada Square at 235m
The Canary Wharf and Isle of Dogs business district as viewed from the south-east, December, 2019. There are currently seven towers in this cluster that are at least 200m tall with more planned. However, due to the proximity of London City Airport it is unlikely that any of them will exceed the height of the existing One Canada Square at 235m
The Shard, completed in 2012 at London Bridge, is London's tallest building at 309.6m. Shown here in December, 2019 with Guy's Hospital to the right
The Shard, completed in 2012 at London Bridge, is London's tallest building at 309.6m. Shown here in December, 2019 with Guy's Hospital to the right
The emerging South Bank cluster as viewed from St Paul's Cathedral, December, 2019. The two tallest towers here are One Blackfriars which was completed in 2018 at 163m and the South Bank Tower that was originally constructed in 1972 at 111m but was given an 11 storey height increase in 2017 to bring it up to 150m. There are several more towers planned for this cluster ranging from between 100m and 178.5m tall. There is also an emerging cluster at Elephant and Castle shown on the far left which includes notably, Strata SE1
The emerging South Bank cluster as viewed from St Paul's Cathedral, December, 2019. The two tallest towers here are One Blackfriars which was completed in 2018 at 163m and the South Bank Tower that was originally constructed in 1972 at 111m but was given an 11 storey height increase in 2017 to bring it up to 150m. There are several more towers planned for this cluster ranging from between 100m and 178.5m tall. There is also an emerging cluster at Elephant and Castle shown on the far left which includes notably, Strata SE1
The emerging cluster at Vauxhall and Nine Elms, August, 2020. The two tall towers shown here are 69-71 Bondway (left) at 168m and St George Wharf Tower (centre) at 181m. Within five years there will be seven towers in this cluster with heights between 160m and 200m
The emerging cluster at Vauxhall and Nine Elms, August, 2020. The two tall towers shown here are 69-71 Bondway (left) at 168m and St George Wharf Tower (centre) at 181m. Within five years there will be seven towers in this cluster with heights between 160m and 200m
Looking towards the West End from St Paul's Cathedral, December 2019. Shown here from left to right are the London Hilton, completed in 1963, Centre Point, completed in 1966, the BT Tower, completed in 1964 and Euston Tower, completed in 1970.
Looking towards the West End from St Paul's Cathedral, December 2019. Shown here from left to right are the London Hilton, completed in 1963, Centre Point, completed in 1966, the BT Tower, completed in 1964 and Euston Tower, completed in 1970. These are all considered among the first "skyscrapers" in London.

Tallest buildings and structures[edit]

This list ranks externally complete London skyscrapers and free-standing towers that stand at least 100 m (327 ft) tall, based on standard height measurement. This includes spires and architectural details but does not include antenna masts. An equals sign (=) following a rank indicates the same height between two or more buildings. The "Year" column indicates the year in which a building was completed.

Rank Name Image Height
m / ft
Floors Year Primary
use
Location Notes
1 The Shard Shard London Bridge May 2012.JPG 310 / 1016 01.087 2012 Mixed Southwark Tallest building in the UK.[75]
2 22 Bishopsgate 278 / 912 02.062 2019 Office City of London Core and structure topped out.
3 One Canada Square London MMB S6 Canary Wharf.jpg 235 / 771 02.050 1991 Office Isle of Dogs Tallest building in the Canary Wharf business district.
4 Landmark Pinnacle 233 / 764 75 2020 Residential Isle of Dogs [76][77] Formerly called City Pride.
Core topped out.
5 Heron Tower Heron Tower, Bishopsgate, London.JPG 230 / 756 04.046 2011 Office City of London Only 202 m at roof height, but includes a 28 m (92 ft) mast.
6 122 Leadenhall Street Cheesegrater and Gherkin.jpg 225 / 737 04.046 2014 Office City of London Nicknamed "The Cheesegrater".[78]
7 Newfoundland 220 / 722 04.060 2019 Residential Isle of Dogs Core and structure topped out.
8 Crystal Palace
Transmitter
Cp mast.jpg 219 / 720 35.0N/A 1950 Transmitter Crystal Palace Tallest structure in London completed in the 1950s.[79]
9 South Quay Plaza 1 215 / 705 68 2020 Residential Isle of Dogs [80] Approved Nov 2014.[81] Phase one under way. Structure rising.[82][83]Core topped out
10 One Park Drive 205 / 673 57 2019 Residential Isle of Dogs [84]Wood Wharf A1 building. Application 2013/12/19, Approved July 2015.[85] Structure Topped out.
11= 8 Canada Square HSBC Headquarters Canary Wharf.jpg 200 / 655 05.042 2002 Office Isle of Dogs Also known as the HSBC Tower.[86][87]
11= 25 Canada Square 25CanadaSquare.jpg 200 / 655 04.042 2002 Office Isle of Dogs Also known as the Citigroup Tower.[88][89]
13 The Scalpel The Scalpel, August 2018.jpg 190 / 630 39 2018 Office City of London [90][91]
14 Wardian London
(East Tower)
187 / 614 55 2019 Residential Isle of Dogs Application 2013/01/17[92] Approved Nov 2014[81]
Core topped out.
15 Tower 42 Tower 42 looking north from Bishopsgate 2011-05-04.jpg 183 / 600 07.047 1980 Office City of London Tallest structure in London completed in the 1980s.
Formerly known as the NatWest Tower.[93][94]
16 The Madison 182 / 597 53 2019 Residential Isle of Dogs Previously Meridian Gate. Approved 2015.[95] Core and structure topped out
17 St George Wharf Tower St Georges Wharf Tower 2013-09-26.jpg 181 / 594 01.049 2013 Residential Vauxhall / Nine Elms The crown of the building includes a small wind turbine
which helps to generate power for the building.[96][97]
18 30 St Mary Axe 30 St Mary Axe from Leadenhall Street.jpg 180 / 590 09.040 2003 Office City of London Formerly known as the Swiss Re Building.
Nicknamed "The Gherkin".[98][99]
19 BT Tower BT Tower-1.jpg 177 / 581 16.034 1964 Transmitter Borough
of Camden
Tallest building in London completed in the 1960s.[100][101]
20 100 Bishopsgate* 172 / 564 40 2018 Office City of London [102] Topped out.
21= Wardian London
(West Tower)
168 / 552 50 2019 Residential Isle of Dogs Approved Nov 2014[81]
Core topped out.
21= Aykon London One Aykon One Damac Tower 27.12.2019 (36).jpg 168 / 552 50 2020 Residential Vauxhall / Nine Elms Topped out in 2020
23 One Blackfriars* One Blackfriars with OXO Tower.jpg 165 / 541 52 2018 Residential South Bank [103][104]
24 Broadgate Tower Broadgate Tower.jpg 164 / 539 14.035 2008 Office City of London [105][106]
25 Principal Tower* Principal Tower 20.09.2020 (1).jpg 161 / 528 51 2018 Residential Shoreditch [107][108] Residential tower.
Structurally topped out.
26 20 Fenchurch Street Walkie-Talkie - Sept 2015.jpg 160 / 525 14.037 2014 Office City of London Nicknamed "The Walkie-Talkie".
27 One Churchill Place Barclays HQ.jpg 156 / 513 22.032 2004 Office Isle of Dogs [109][110]
28 Carrara Tower
(250 City Road)
*
155 / 508 42 2018 Residential Islington City Forum site.[111]
Structurally topped out.
29= 25 Bank Street 25 Bank Street 2012.JPG 153 / 502 19.033 2003 Office Isle of Dogs [112][113]
29= 40 Bank Street 40 Bank Street Heron Quay London.jpg 153 / 502 20.033 2003 Office Isle of Dogs [114][115]
31 Croydon Transmitter Croydon Transmitter.JPG 152 / 499 36.0N/A 1964 Transmitter Croydon [116][117]
32 10 Upper Bank Street 10 Upper Bank Street London.jpg 151 / 495 23.032 2003 Office Isle of Dogs [118][119]
33= South Bank Tower South Bank Tower 2015.jpg 150 / 492 45 2015 Residential South Bank [120][121] Built 1972.
Height increase from 108 m to 150 m
completed May 2016.[122][123]
33= 10 Park Drive
(Wood Wharf A3)
150 / 492 43 2019 Residential Isle of Dogs [124] Core and Structure Topped out.
35= Baltimore Tower Cropped image of Baltimore Tower - 30435639090 bf141ef3b1 o.jpg 149 / 489 46 2016 Residential Isle of Dogs [125][126][127][128]
35= Highpoint 149 / 489 46 2017 Residential Elephant & Castle [129][130][131]
37= Pan Peninsula
East Tower
Pan Peninsula London.jpg 147 / 484 02.048 2008 Residential Isle of Dogs [132][133]
37= Heron Quays West 2 147 / 482 28 2019 Office Isle of Dogs [134] 1 Bank Street. Application 24 December 2013.
Core and Structure topped out.
37= Strata Strata SE1 from Monument 2014.jpg 147 / 484 43 2010 Residential Elephant & Castle [135][136][137] Nicknamed "The Razor".
40 Manhattan Loft Gardens* Manhattan Loft Gardens, April 2018.jpg 143 / 472 42 2018 Residential Stratford [138] Topped out.
41 Guy's Tower Guys hospital tower.jpg 143 / 469 17.034 1974 Hospital Southwark Second tallest all-hospital building in the world.
Tallest structure in London completed in the 1970s.[139][140]
42 22 Marsh Wall
East Tower
22 Marsh Wall.jpg 140 / 458 44 2010 Residential Isle of Dogs
43 Imperial West
Residential Building
139 / 456 35 2019 Residential White City [141][142] Core and structure topped out.
44 250 City Road, Tower 2 250 City Road, London, under construction (26).jpg 137 / 454 36 2019 Residential Islington Application 2013/04/26, City Forum site.
Core and structure topped out.
45 Providence Tower Providence Tower, Blackwall, London, UK.jpg 136 / 446 44 2015 Residential Blackwall [143][144][145] Completed September 2016.
46 101 George Street 101 George Street Croydon 03.01.2020.jpg 135.6 / 444 44 2019 Residential Croydon World's tallest modular building[146][147]
47 London Eye London Eye - TQ04 26.jpg 135 / 443 37.0 N/A 1999 Ferris wheel South Bank The world's tallest Ferris wheel from 1999 to 2006.[148][149]
48= Saffron Square Saffron Square Tower, Croydon, London.jpg 134 / 440 44 2015 Residential Croydon [150][151]
48= Two Fifty One* 134 / 440 42 2017 Residential Elephant & Castle [152][153][154] Formerly Eileen House.
Topped out.
50 Atlas Building* 134 / 438 40 2018 Residential Hackney 145 City Road. Replaces Crown House.
Structurally topped out.
51= 150 High Street,
Stratford
150 High Street, Stratford.jpg 133 / 436 42 2013 Residential Stratford [155]
51= Wembley Stadium Wembley Stadium, From the Outside.JPG 133 / 436 34.06 2007 Stadium Wembley Second-tallest stadium in the world.[156][157]
53 25 Churchill Place 25 Churchill Place, Canary Wharf.jpg 130 / 428 10.023 2014 Office Isle of Dogs [158][159]
54 40 Marsh Wall Novotel Hotel Canary Wharf.jpg 128 / 420 39 2017 Hotel Isle of Dogs [160] Tallest all-hotel building in the United Kingdom.[161]
55 CityPoint City Point 29.01.2020 (6).jpg 127 / 417 11.036 1967 Office City of London [162][163]
56 Willis Building Willis Building (London).jpg 125 / 410 29.026 2007 Office City of London [164][165]
57= One The Elephant One the Elephant.jpg 124 / 406 37 2015 Residential Elephant & Castle [166][167] Formerly St. Mary's. Completed June 2016.[168]
57= Euston Tower Euston Tower 2004.jpg 124 / 408 12.036 1970 Office Euston [169][170]
59= Cromwell Tower Crowell Tower, London.jpg 123 / 404 08.042 1973 Residential City of London [171][172]
59= Lauderdale Tower Lauderdale Tower, Barbican Estate, London.jpg 123 / 404 06.043 1974 Residential City of London [173][174]
59= Shakespeare Tower Barbican Estate Tower 2007.jpg 123 / 404 05.043 1976 Residential City of London [175][176]
62= Pan Peninsula
West Tower
Pan Peninsula London.jpg 122 / 400 10.039 2008 Residential Isle of Dogs [177][178]
62= Stratosphere Tower Stratosphere Tower, Stratford, London.jpg 122 / 400 39 2017 Residential Stratford [179][180] Formerly called Broadway Chambers.
64 Sky Gardens Nine Elms Vauxhall Sky Gardens.jpg 120 / 394 35 2017 Residential Vauxhall [181]
65 Millbank Tower Millbank Tower, Westminster, London, 24Apr04.jpg 119 / 390 21.033 1963 Office Westminster [182][183]
66 St. Helen's St. Helen's - St. Mary Axe- 2011-05-04.jpg 118 / 387 28.028 1969 Office City of London Formerly known as the Aviva Tower.[184][185]
67= Centre Point Centre Point London.jpg 117 / 385 15.035 1967 Office West End [186][187] As of 2015, it is undergoing
conversion to residential use.[188]
67= Empress State Building Empress State Building.JPG 117 / 385 24.031 1961 Office Fulham Originally stood at a height of 100 metres (328 ft)
before a height extension in 2003.[189][190]
69 Lexicon Tower
(aka Chronicle Tower)
116 / 380 36 2016 Residential Islington [191][192][193] 261 City Road.
Topped out 2015.[194]
70 ArcelorMittal Orbit ArcelorMittal Orbit at night.jpg 115 / 377 37.02 2012 Viewing
platform
Stratford [195]
71 Battersea Power Station Battersea.power.station.london.arp.jpg 113 / 370 33.010 1953 Industrial Battersea [196][197]
72 The Heron The Heron, Milton Court.jpg 112 / 367 35 2013 Residential City of London Also known as Milton Court.[198][199]
73 St Paul's Cathedral Cathédrale St-Paul - entrée principale.jpg 111 / 364 38.0N/A 1710 Religious City of London Tallest place of worship in London.
Tallest structure completed in London in the 1700s.[200][201]
74 Dollar Bay Tower Dollar Bay.jpg 109 / 358 31 2016 Residential Isle of Dogs [202][203]
75 1 West India Quay OneWestIndiaQuay.jpg 108 / 354 13.036 2004 Office Isle of Dogs [204][205]
76 Shell Centre Shell Centre, London, UK, June 2004.jpg 107 / 351 30.026 1961 Office South Bank [206][207]
77= 33 Canada Square 33 Canada Square.jpg 105 / 344 32.018 1999 Office Isle of Dogs [208][209]
77= Sky View Tower* Capital Towers, Stratford, London.jpg 105 / 345 35 2016 Residential Stratford [210] Tallest of the Capital Towers development.
Topped out.[211]
77= Nido Spitalfields Nido 100 Middlesex Street.jpg 105 / 344 34 2009 Residential
(student)
City of London [212]
77= Pioneer Point North Poineer Point, Ilford- geograph.org.uk - 3398883.jpg 105 / 344 31 2011 Residential Ilford [213][214]
81= 99 Bishopsgate 99 Bishopsgate from above.jpg 104 / 340 31.026 1976 Office City of London [215][216]
81= Ontario Tower Blackwall Tunnel ventilation shafts and the Ontario Tower - geograph.org.uk - 789359.jpg 104 / 340 25.029 2007 Residential Blackwall [217][218]
83 Legacy Tower Stratford Central (Legacy Tower), Stratford, London.jpg 103 / 338 33 2018 Residential Stratford [219] Completed late 2018.
84 Victoria Tower Westminster Palace Victoria Tower.jpg 102 / 336 39.0N/A 1858 Government Westminster Tallest non-religious building in the world upon completion.
Tallest structure completed in London in the 1800s.
Architectural height 102 m, roof height 98.5 m.[220][221]
85= Portland House Portland House, London, England.jpg 101 / 331 26.029 1963 Office Westminster [222][223]
85= London Hilton
on Park Lane
The London Hilton on Park Lane.JPG 101 / 331 26.028 1963 Hotel West End
85= Skyline,
Woodberry Down
Skyline, Woodberry Down, London, UK.jpg 101 / 331 31 2016 Residential Hackney [224]
85= One Angel Court 101 / 331 24 2017 Office City of London [225] Refurbishment of 97 m building.[226]
89= Stock Exchange Tower Former London Stock Exchange Building - geograph.org.uk - 1501273.jpg 100 / 328 26.027 1970 Office City of London [227][228]
89= Urbanest King's Cross Urbanest King's Cross, London.jpg 100 / 328 26.027 2013 Residential Borough
of Camden
[229]

* Indicates still under construction, but has been Topped-out

Tallest under construction, approved, and proposed[edit]

Under construction[edit]

This lists buildings that are under construction in London and are planned to rise at least 328 feet (100 m). Under construction buildings that have already been topped out are listed above.

Name Image Height
m / ft
Floors Year (est.) Primary use Location Notes
Spire London 235 / 771 67 2020 Residential Isle of Dogs [230] Replaces two proposals on this site - Columbus Tower and Hertsmere Tower.[231] Application 8 October 2015, approved 2016[232] Currently on hold.[233][234]
Consort Place Tower 1 216 / 709 64 Residential Isle of Dogs Under construction as of October 2019.[68] Previously named Alpha Square[235] Approved April 2016
8 Bishopsgate 204 / 669 51 Office City of London [236] 168 m, 40 storey design approved July 2015.[237] New proposal increases height to 204 m and 51 storeys.[238] Approved 2017.[239]
One Nine Elms City Tower 200 / 660 58 2021 Residential Vauxhall / Nine Elms [240][241] City Tower. Foundation work under way.
Vauxhall Square North 168 / 550 50 2020 Residential Vauxhall / Nine Elms [242][243]
Vauxhall Square South 168 / 550 50 2020 Residential Vauxhall / Nine Elms [242][243]
One Nine Elms River Tower 161 / 528 43 2021 Hotel Vauxhall / Nine Elms [241][244] River Tower. Foundation work under way.
Maine Tower (Harbour Central Block D) 145 / 476 42 2018 Residential Isle of Dogs [245][246] Maine Tower. Core rising.
150 Bishopsgate 135 / 448 44 2019 Hotel City of London [247] Foundation work under way. Previously called Heron Plaza.[248] Core Rising.
GRID Building (Wood Wharf E2) 129 / 423 35 2018 Residential Wood Wharf [249] Application 19 December 2013. Approved 2014.[250][251][252]
Keybridge Lofts 128 / 420 37 2019 Residential Vauxhall / Nine Elms [253] Replaces ex-BT building called Keybridge House[254]
Harbour Central Block C 126 / 412 36 2018 Residential Isle of Dogs [255][256] Core rising.
Nine Elms Point 126 / 411 37 2019 Residential Vauxhall / Nine Elms [257][258][259] Formerly Vauxhall Sainsbury's Tower G. Structure rising.
One Crown Place Tower 1 123 / 403 33 2020 Residential Shoreditch [260] Approved 2015. Due for completion 2020.
Chelsea Waterfront Tower 1 122 / 400 37 2018 Residential Chelsea Harbour Previously called Lots Road.[261][262][263][264] Frame assembly ongoing.
1 Casson Square (Southbank Place) 122 / 400 37 2019 Residential South Bank [265][266][267] Foundation works ongoing. Redevelopment of Shell Centre.
The Stage, Shoreditch 115 / 377 38 2018 Residential Shoreditch [268] Foundation works ongoing.
East Village E20, Site N08 Tower 2 East Village , London E20 construction site (8550070089).jpg 113 / 371 30 2018 Residential Stratford [269] Part of the East Village London E20 development. Core rising.
One Crown Place Tower 2 107 / 351 29 2020 Residential Shoreditch [260] Due for completion 2020.
30 Casson Square (Southbank Place) 105 / 344 30 2019 Residential South Bank [265][266] Redevelopment of Shell Centre
Lewisham Exchange Tower 105 / 344 33 2021 Residential/Student Lewisham Taller of two towers currently under construction.[270]
Finsbury Tower 105 / 344 28 Office Islington [271] 103-105 Bunhill Row, EC1Y 8LZ. Application submitted 2016. Approved 2017. Replaces current Finsbury Tower.[272]
Upper Riverside Building 5 102 / 335 31 2018 Residential Greenwich Peninsula [273][274] Foundation works ongoing.
4 Casson Square (Southbank Place) 100 / 327 29 2019 Residential South Bank [275][265][266] Redevelopment of Shell Centre
East Village E20, Site N08 Tower 1 East Village , London E20 construction site (8550070089).jpg 100 / 327 28 2018 Residential Stratford [276] Part of the East Village London E20 development. Core rising.

Approved[edit]

This lists buildings that are approved for construction in London and are planned to rise at least 328 feet (100 m).

Name Image Height
metres / ft
Floors Year (est.) Primary Use Location Notes
The Tulip 290 / 951 12 2025 Observation Tower City of London Approved 2 April 2019; then refused planning permission by Sadiq Khan on 15 July 2019.[277]
1 Undershaft 290 / 951 73 2022 - 2026 Office City of London Planning application submitted in February 2016.[278] Approved November 2016.[279]
100 Leadenhall 249 / 817 56 2026 Office City of London Planning application approved in July 2018.[280]
Riverside South Tower 1 237 / 778 45 Office Isle of Dogs [281][282] Build to ground level. On hold.
One Lansdowne Road East Tower 227 / 745 68 2022 Mixed Croydon Approved September 2017. Once completed, it will be tallest building in Croydon.
Wood Wharf E4 192 / 636 Wood Wharf [283] Application 19 December 2013. Approved 2014.[250][251]
South Quay Plaza 4 192 / 630 56 2020 Residential Isle of Dogs [284] Initially rejected 12 May 2016, but granted planning permission in July 2016.
Riverside South Tower 2 186 / 610 37 Office Isle of Dogs [285][286] Built to ground level. On hold.
Vauxhall Cross Tower 1 185 / 606.9 53 Residential Vauxhall / Nine Elms Approved in April, 2020[287]
Wood Wharf F1 184 / 604 Wood Wharf Application 19 December 2013. Approved 2014.[250]
18 Blackfriars Road tower 1 178.5 / 585 53 Residential Blackfriars [288][289][290] Original scheme approved after public inquiry. New scheme proposed 2015. Name change from 20 Blackfriars Road to 18 Blackfriars Road,[291] new proposal 2016.[292] Approved July 2017.[293][294]
Morello Tower 171 / 561 53 Residential Croydon [295][296] Cherry Orchard Road
Heron Quays West 1 166 / 545 39 Office Isle of Dogs [297][298] 10 Bank Street. Site preparation, construction completion due in 2019.
1 Leadenhall 165 / 541 37 2021 Office City of London [299] Proposed for the City of London. Application submitted August 2016. Approved January 2017.[300]
Bankside Quarter Tower 1 162.6 / 532 49 Residential South Bank [301][302] Part of the Bankside Quarter development, set to replace Ludgate House & Sampson House. Demolition of Ludgate House to be complete by spring 2017.[303]
Wood Wharf J3 161 / 528 Wood Wharf Application 19 December 2013. Approved 2014.[250]
Wood Wharf B1 160 / 525 Wood Wharf Application 19 December 2013. Approved 2014.[250]
13-14 Appold Street 156 / 512 45 2019 Hotel Shoreditch [304] Approved 2015[305]
40 Leadenhall Street 154 / 505 34 Office City of London [306][307] Approved 2015.[308] On hold.
New Covent Garden Market T2 154 / 505 45 Residential Vauxhall / Nine Elms Application 2011/4664, maximum height
2-3 Finsbury Avenue Square 154 / 505 32 Office City of London Proposed in 2015, slight design changes & resubmitted application in 2016.[309] Approved October 2016[310]
Station Road, Ilford. 154/ 505 42 Residential Redbridge Approved in 2019 by Redbridge council. [311][312]
Vauxhall Cross Tower 2 151 / 495.4 42 Residential Vauxhall / Nine Elms Approved in April, 2020[287]
1 Merchant Square 150 / 492 42 Residential Paddington [313] Planned to be the tallest building in the City of Westminster. On hold.
Canada Water Building C4 150 / 492 40 Residential Canada Water [314][315][316]
6 Portal Way Tower 1 145 / 476** 42 Residential Acton Approved 20 July 2016[317]
Skipton House Tower 1 143 / 469 39 Residential Elephant & Castle Approved July 2016[318]
Millharbour Village G3 142 / 466 45 Residential Isle of Dogs [319]
Doon Street Tower 140 / 462 43 Residential South Bank [320] On hold.
Stratford Island Tower 1 140 / 462** 42 Residential Stratford [321][322] Tallest building as part of redevelopment of Stratford Centre. Work expected to begin 2017.
Millharbour Village East G1.1 139 / 456 45 Residential Isle of Dogs [319]
18 Blackfriars Road tower 2 136 / 446 32 Office Blackfriars Office building of new proposal.[288][289][290] Original scheme approved after public inquiry. New scheme proposed 2015. Name change from 20 Blackfriars Road to 18 Blackfriars Road,[291] new proposal 2016.[323][292] Approved July 2017.[293]
One Lansdowne Road West Tower 135 / 444 41 2022 Mixed Croydon Approved September 2017.
College Road Tower 135 / 442 39 Residential Croydon [324]
54 Marsh Wall 130 / 427 39 Residential Isle of Dogs [325] Proposed 2014. New plans submitted and approved January 2017.[326]
New Covent Garden Market T3 128 / 420 37 Residential Vauxhall / Nine Elms Application 2011/4664, maximum height
Infinity Towers Building B 127 / 400 35 Residential Blackwall Trafalgar Way. Formerly Helix London. On hold.
Millharbour Village West G2.1 126 / 413 37 Residential Isle of Dogs [319]
12-20 Wyvil Road 126 / 413 37 2020 Residential Vauxhall [327][328] Old design Approved.[329] New scheme named Grand South application submitted 2016[330]
Vicarage Field Tower 1 125 / 410* 36 Residential Barking [331] Tallest tower of proposed Vicarage Field development in Barking. Approved 16 January 2017.[332]
Elizabeth House 123 / 403 29 Office South Bank Waterloo
Millharbour Village East G1.3 122 / 400 39 Residential Isle of Dogs [319][333]
Alpha Square Tower 2 121 / 397 34 Residential Isle of Dogs [235] Approved April 2016
Convoys Wharf Tower 1 116 / 380 40 Residential Deptford
South Quay Plaza 2 115 / 378 35 Residential Isle of Dogs [80] Phase one under way.
6 Portal Way Tower 2 115 / 368** 32 Residential Acton
Taberner House Building 1 114 / 374 35 Residential Croydon Tallest building of new scheme (application 17/01046/FUL) which replaces 120 m tower proposal.[334][335] Approved May 2017.[336] Site preparation under way.
Ram Quarter Tower 113 / 371 36 Residential Wandsworth Part of the second Phase of the ram brewery development, not started yet.
Millharbour Village West G2.2 113 / 371 35 Residential Isle of Dogs [319][337]
Wood Wharf J1 112 / 367 Wood Wharf Application 19 December 2013. Approved 2014.[250]
New Covent Garden Market T1 109 / 358 31 Residential Vauxhall / Nine Elms Application 2011/4664, maximum height
The Quill 109 / 359 31 Residential Southwark [338]
Infinity Towers Building A 108 / 345 29 Residential Blackwall Trafalgar Way. Formerly Helix-London. On hold.
White City Living building E1 107 / 351 30** Residential White City Tallest building in scheme. Approved 2015.[339]
207-209 Shoreditch High Street 107 / 351 30 Hotel Shoreditch [340]
Westferry Printworks Tower 1 106 / 348 29 Residential Isle of Dogs Approved in April 2016 after public inquiry.[341] Demolition of current buildings ongoing.[342]
Skipton House Tower 2 106 / 348 25 Residential Elephant & Castle Approved July 2016[318]
Bankside Quarter Tower B 105 / 345 31 Residential South Bank [301][302] Part of the Bankside Quarter development, set to replace Ludgate House & Sampson House.
West End Gate 105 / 345 29 Residential Paddington [343] Approved April 2016. Height reduced from 134 m. Previously known as West End Green.
Millharbour Village West G4 102 / 334 32 Isle of Dogs [344]
Enderby Place Tower 1 102 / 334 29 Residential Greenwich

* Table entries without text indicate that information regarding a building's expected year of completion has not yet been released.

** Approximate figure.

Proposed[edit]

This lists buildings that are proposed for construction in London and are planned to rise at least 328 feet (100 m). Once a planning application has been submitted, a decision by the relevant authority may take two or three years.

Name Height
m / ft
Floors Year (Proposal) Notes
Quay House 235 / 771 70 2014 Scoping application February 2014. Rejected[needs update] November 2014[345][needs update]
North Quay Tower 1 222 / 728 67 2017 Application PA/17/01193/A1. New proposal for approved North Quay development in Canary Wharf.
North Quay Tower 2 212 / 696 61 2017 Application PA/17/01193/A1. New proposal for approved North Quay development in Canary Wharf.
North Quay Tower 3 203 / 666 47 2017 Application PA/17/01193/A1. New proposal for approved North Quay development in Canary Wharf.
Vauxhall Cross Island 175 / 574* 53 2017
The Goodsyard Tower 1 166 / 545 46 2015 Decision on planning delayed in April 2016
One Park Place 162 / 531 32 2013 [346][347] On hold
Project Skylines 160 / 525* 48 2017 Tallest of the proposed buildings of scheme on the Isle of Dogs. Application PA/17/01597/A1
Stratford Waterfront Tower 1 160 / 525* 47 2016 [348] Two towers originally proposed at 47 stories. New plans will reduce height of towers. Part of the Olympic Park development.[349]
Stratford Waterfront Tower 2 160 / 525* 47 2016 [348] Two towers originally proposed at 47 stories. New plans will reduce height of towers. Part of the Olympic Park development.[349]
225 Marsh Wall 158 / 518 49 2012 [350] Application 1 October 2012. Name changed from Angel Tower and new plans submitted in 2015, but were withdrawn in June 2016 after recommendation to refuse permission.[351] New plans reduce height to 158m.[352]
30 Marsh Wall 139 / 456 43 2013 [353] Application 23 December 2013. Planned height reduced from 183 m[354]
82 West India Road 136 / 446 39 2016 [355] Residential tower.
East Village E20 Tower 1 135 / 443 36
East Village E20 Tower 2 135 / 443 36
Cuba Street Tower 1 134 / 440 41 2010 Application 9 June 2011. Redesigned with application submitted 2015
20 Ropemaker Street 129 / 423 27 2017 [356][357]
Cherry Park Tower 1 121 / 397* 2015 Tallest building in Cherry Park scheme, Stratford, east London.
Elephant and Castle Town Centre Tower 1 121 / 397 32 2016 Tallest tower of Elephant and Castle Town Centre redevelopment. Application submitted.[358][359]
Mondial House 120 / 394* 35 2016 [360] 102 George Street, Croydon. Recommended for approval.[361] Replaces original proposal of 40 storeys.
Elephant and Castle Town Centre Tower 3 117 / 384 34 2016 Elephant and Castle Town Centre redevelopment. Application submitted.[358][359]
Borough Triangle 115 / 377 38 2014 [362] Tallest of two towers proposed in the Elephant and Castle, SE1.
Rudolf Place 115 / 377 37 2015 [363] Student accommodation & offices. Planning application July 2016.
The Culinary Quarter Tower 1 110 / 361* 35 2016 2 Portal Way, Acton. Tallest of two towers proposed. Application 165950EIA.[364]
North Quay Tower 4 107 / 351 30 2017 Application PA/17/01193/A1. New proposal for approved North Quay development in Canary Wharf.
16-19 Hatfields/1-5 Paris Garden 110 / 361 24 2017 [365]
East Village E20 Tower 4 103 / 338 29 [citation needed]

* Approximate figure.

Cancelled constructions[edit]

This lists proposals for the construction of buildings in London that were planned to rise at least 328 feet (100 m), for which planning permission was rejected or which were otherwise withdrawn.

Name Height
m / ft
Floors* Year' Notes
London Millennium Tower 386 92 1996
London Bridge Tower (Old Design) 366 87 2000 [366]
The Spark Plug (Battersea Eco-tower) 300 40 2008 [367][368]
Minerva Building 246 53 2002
Columbus Tower (London) 237 65 2003 Proposal replaced by Hertsmere House
Elephant & Castle, Tower 1 228 55 2001 [369]
One Lansdowne Road Tower 1 224 / 735 69 2016 [370][371] Approved 2012. Received funding in November 2015.[372] New plans submitted 2016,[373] rejected in 2016.[374]
6–8 & 22–24 Bishopsgate Redevelopment (Original Design) 216 50 2002 [375]
New London Bridge House Redevelopment 211 50 2004 [376]
Stratford City Tower 210 50 [377]
Citypoint (Santiago Calatrava) 203 27 1997 [378]
Ropemaker Place Tower 200 38 2001 [379]
Elephant & Castle, Tower 2 182 35 2001 [380]
King's Cross Towers 1 & 2 180 44 1987 [381][382]
Ruskin Square Building 159 / 522 26 [383] Aka Croydon Gateway.
The Blade, Paddington 150 44 [384][385]
Skylines Village Block B1 148 / 486 45 2012 Application 7 March 2012. Rejected 2013[386]
20 Blackfriars Road tower 1 148 / 486 43 2016 Residential tower, replaced by 18 Blackfriars Road scheme[387]
Ram Brewery Tower 1, Wandsworth 145 / 476 42 2008 [388][389] Rejected
The Leaf Block F, Ealing 138 49 [390]
Victoria Interchange Buildings 2 & 7 134 42 [391][392]
Croydon Vocational Tower 134 / 440 29 [393]
70–100 City Road Block A 131 / 430 39 2008 [394]
One Lansdowne Road Tower 2 129 / 423 39 2016 [370][371] Approved 2012. Received funding in November 2015.[372] New plans submitted 2016,[373] rejected in 2016.[374]
Clapham Junction Towers 1 & 2 127 / 417 40 2008 [395][396]
Bishops Place Building 1 126 / 414 32 2006 [108][397]
31 London Street 125 / 410 35 2015 [398][399] The 'Paddington Pole'. Height was reduced from 254 m (833 ft). Replaced by a new design.
Chiswick Curve 120 / 394 32 2015 [400] Rejected January 2017.[401] Application submitted. Replaced two cancelled schemes - Octopus & Gateway Tower.
Meridian Tower, Greenwich 118 / 387 32 Greenwich Peninsula[402]
St. John's Tower, Stratford 116 / 381 30 [403]
1 Crown Place, Hackney 114 / 365 24 2009 [404] Application withdrawn
Brickfields Tower 108 / 355 30 2013 Planned for White City.[405] Cancelled after Imperial College purchased site.[406]
Walbrook Square Building 1 107 / 351 22 2006 [407] Redesigned
20 Blackfriars Road tower 2 105 / 344 23 2016 Office tower, replaced by 18 Blackfriars Road scheme[387]
Trinity Building 3 100 / 328 25 2008 [408] Existing building to be refurbished
4–5 South Quay Square 100 / 328 30 2006 [409] Application withdrawn

Demolished buildings[edit]

This lists all demolished buildings in London that stood at least 328 feet (100 m) tall.

Name Image Height
m / ft
Floors Year built Year demolished Notes
Drapers' Gardens Drapersgardens cropped.jpg 100 / 328 30 1967 2007 Designed by Richard Seifert, replaced by building 74 metres (243 ft) tall.
Southwark Towers Southwark Towers, PwC, London.jpg 100 / 328 25 1976 2009 Replaced by The Shard.

Visions of skyscrapers[edit]

Name Height
metres
Floors Year Notes
Mile High Eco Tower 1500 500 2007 [410][411]
Citygate Ecotower 485 108 2002 [412]
Mallory Clifford Project 470 100 1998 [413] Aka Southwark Tower
Green Bird 442 83 1990 [414]
Wembley Park Tower 353 1890 [415]
Aldegate Tower 325 85 1989 [416]
Glass Tower 304 80 1852 [417]
Oakwood Tower 300 80 2016 [418] Made of wood, designed by PLP Architecture and Cambridge University for the City of London.
Vortex Tower 300 70 2004 [419]
The Three Spires 253 64 2009 [420] Three towers, the tallest of which was 253 m (830 ft)
Credit Suisse First Boston Building 250 50 1989 [421]
Glengall View Place 230 54 2006 [422][423] Greenwich View Place
Cricklewood Tower 216 47 [424][425]
80 & 88–104 Bishopsgate Redevelopment 214 50 [426]
Folgate Street (Project Cosmos) 50 [427]
Skyhouse 168 50 [428][429] Originally 305m
Royal Courts of Justice 165* 1865 [430]
Corporation of London Tower 150* 1944

* Estimated height.

Timeline of tallest buildings and structures[edit]

The White Tower stood as the tallest structure in London from 1098 until 1310.

This lists free-standing structures that have at some point held the title of tallest structure in London.

Name Image Location Years as tallest Height
m / ft
Floors Reference
White Tower The White Tower, Tower of London.jpg Tower Hill 1098–1310 (212 years) 01.027 / 90 03.0N/A [431]
Old St Paul's Cathedral[A] Old St Paul's Cathedral photographic reconstruction.jpg City of London 1310–1666 (356 years) 07.0150 / 493[B] 08.0N/A [432]
Southwark Cathedral Catedral Southwark, Londres, Inglaterra, 2014-08-11, DD 105.JPG Southwark 1666–1677 (11 years) 02.050 / 163 04.0N/A [433]
Monument to the Great Fire of London The Monument to the Great Fire of London.JPG City of London 1677–1683 (6 years) 03.062 / 202 05.0N/A [434]
St Mary-le-Bow St Mary-Le-Bow 01.jpg City of London 1683–1710 (27 years) 04.072 / 236 06.0N/A [435]
St Paul's Cathedral Cathédrale St-Paul - entrée principale.jpg City of London 1710–1939 (229 years) 05.0111 / 365 07.0N/A [201]
Battersea Power Station[C] Battersea.power.station.london.arp.jpg Kirtling Street 1939–1950 (11 years) 06.0113 / 370 01.010 [196]
Crystal Palace transmitting station[D] Cp mast.jpg Crystal Palace Park 1950–1991 (41 years) 08.0219 / 720 09.0N/A [79]
One Canada Square London MMB S6 Canary Wharf.jpg Canary Wharf 1991–2010 (19 years) 09.0236 / 771 02.050 [436]
The Shard Shard London Bridge May 2012.JPG Southwark 2010–present (10 years) 310 / 1016 87 [437]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

A.^ This structure was destroyed by the Great Fire of London in 1666, allowing a shorter structure to become the tallest in the city.[438]
B.^ The exact height of the Old St. Paul's Cathedral remains unknown. Heights ranging between 140 metres (460 ft) and 150 metres (490 ft) have all been reported.[438] The spire was destroyed by fire in 1561.
C.^ If counting the tallest habitable floors in buildings, then the record would be held between 1961 and 1962 by the Shell Centre, at 107 metres (351 ft) and having 26 floors; and before it by the Victoria Tower at 98.5 metres (323 ft), completed in 1858 and having 14 floors.[439][440]
D.^ If the Crystal Palace Transmitter is excluded as a "building", then the record was held by the "Post Office Tower" (later The British Telecom Tower) from 1962 to 1980, at a height excluding antenna of 177 metres (581 ft) and containing 34 floors, and from 1980 to 1991 by Tower 42 at 183 metres (600 ft).

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References[edit]

External links[edit]