List of tallest buildings and structures in the London Borough of Croydon

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101 George Street, January 2020, is the current tallest building in Croydon at 135.6 metres
Saffron Square is the second tallest building in Croydon at 134 metres

This list of the tallest buildings and structures in Croydon ranks buildings and structures in the London Borough of Croydon, England by height. The borough of Croydon, a local government district of Greater London, has a population of 330,587.[1] At its core is Croydon, a former market town, with interests in producing charcoal, tanned leather, and brewing.[2]

Most of the city's tallest buildings are office blocks constructed during the mid-20th century. However, since then many of these office blocks have become outdated, prompting a huge redevelopment programme for the town centre, called Croydon Vision 2020. The town has since witnessed a boom in the construction of high rise apartments, such as IYLO and Altitude 25, a former brownfield site. In contrast to the vast majority of London's tallest buildings, Croydon's high-rises were constructed in the 1960s and 70s as part of a project to create the South of England's largest office space outside of Central London.[3] Some of the early high-rise buildings have subsequently been demolished themselves, such as Wettern House to allow for new skyscrapers to be constructed.[4]

The list includes the year of completion for completed buildings, the height in metres and feet, and the current usage of the building. Similar to cities across the globe, Croydon's tallest structures are mostly concentrated in a central business district, which has added to the fact that many tourists enjoy Croydon because it is compact, especially those from far eastern countries including Japan.[5] The tallest building in Croydon was No. 1 Croydon (formerly the NLA Tower), a high-rise office block, which was completed in 1970, until 2009, when Altitude 25, a residential high-rise complex, was completed. No. 1 Croydon has 24 storeys and 82 metres (269 ft) high and consists of the offices of AIG, Liberata, Pegasus and the Institute of Public Finance.[6] Saffron Square became the tallest building in Croydon in 2016 at 134 metres tall, but was overtaken by 101 George Street, the current tallest building in Croydon, which topped out in 2019 at 135.6 metres, and is also the world's tallest modular building.[7]. This in turn is expected to be surpassed by the 228 metre tall One Landsdowne Road that has been approved for construction by the current Mayor of London, Sadiq Khan.[8]

Tallest completed buildings[edit]

Altitude 25 is Croydon's third tallest building at 94 metres
The NLA Tower/No. 1 Croydon was the tallest building in Croydon for 38 years prior to the completion of Altitude 25
Nestlé Tower, Croydon, undergoing refurbishment in January, 2020

The tallest completed buildings above 50 metres (164 ft).

Rank Name Built Use Height Floors Location
metres feet
1 101 George Street 2019 Residential 135.6 444.8 44 Croydon[7][9]
2 Saffron Square 2016 Residential 134 440 44 Croydon[10]
3 Altitude 25 2009[11] Residential 94 308 26 Croydon
4 No. 1 Croydon 1970 Office 82 270 24 East Croydon
5 Nestlé Tower 1964 Office 79 260 24 Croydon
6 Whitgift Centre Tower 1970 Office 77 253 21 Croydon
7 Leon House 1966 Residential 71 234 22 Croydon
8 Pembroke House 1967 Office 70 230 19 Croydon
9 Ryland House 1977 Office 66 215 15 Croydon
10 Lunar House 1970 Office 64 210 19 Croydon
Apollo House 1970 Office 64 210 19 Croydon
11 Southern House 1967 Office 63 208 19 Croydon
12 Newgate Tower (formerly IYLO) ? Residential 61 200 20 Croydon
13 Carolyn House 1984 Office 55 180 16 East Croydon
14 Delta Point 1985 Office 55 179 15 Croydon
Whitgift Centre East 1969 Retail 55 179 15 Croydon
Whitgift Centre West 1969 Retail 55 179 15 Croydon

Tallest structures[edit]

The two tallest structures, as of the beginning of 2008, in Croydon are listed below. Structures which have been demolished are not included. A structure differs from a high-rise by its lack of floors and habitability.

Rank Name Built Use Height Location
metres feet
1. Croydon transmitting station 1962 Telecoms 153 502 Upper Norwood
2 IKEA Towers 1950 Power station chimneys Purley Way

Tallest under construction, approved, and proposed buildings[edit]

The tallest under construction, approved, or proposed buildings above or equal to 60 metres (197 ft), as of the beginning of 2013, in Croydon are listed below.

Approved[edit]

Rank Name Use Height Floors Completed
metres feet
1 One Lansdowne Road Mixed 228 748 68 [8][12]

Proposed[edit]

Rank Name Use Height Floors Completed
metres feet
1 Fairfield Halls Tower I Venue n/a n/a 60 Vision
2 Suffolk House Office 167 548 38 Planning permission denied
3 Fairfield Halls Tower II Venue n/a n/a 35 Vision
Fairfield Halls Tower III Venue n/a n/a 35 Vision

Timeline of tallest buildings and structures[edit]

Croydon's skyline has been built up mostly since the mid-20th century. No. 1 Croydon held the title of tallest structure in Croydon for 38 years until Altitude 25 is built. This was replaced in 2016 by Saffron Square, a 2016 Carbuncle Cup-nominated high-rise completed as part of Croydon Vision 2020. Other high-rise buildings proposed to be built under the programme include the taller Morello Tower (171m) and One Landsdowne Road (228m).[8][13]

Years tallest Name Use Height Floors Notes
metres feet
1964–1970 Nestlé Tower Office 79 260 24 [14]
1970–2008 NLA Tower Office 82 270 24 [15]
2008–2016 Altitude 25 Residential 94 307 26 [16]
2016–2019 Saffron Square Residential 134 440 44 [17]
2019–present 101 George Street Residential 135.6 444 44 [7][9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Key Figures for 2001 Census: Census Area Statistics". National Statistics. 2001. Retrieved 11 October 2007.
  2. ^ "Basic History of Croydon". Croyweb. 2004. Retrieved 25 September 2007.
  3. ^ "Salford". Skyscraperpage.com. Retrieved 26 February 2008.
  4. ^ "Supplementary Planning Guidance". Croydon Council. Archived from the original on 30 August 2008. Retrieved 23 March 2008.
  5. ^ "Croydon - Britain's New York?". Evening Standard. Retrieved 23 March 2008.
  6. ^ "Looking out for No1". Croydon Guardian. 2007. Retrieved 19 January 2008.[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ a b c O'Connor, Tara (4 November 2019). "Final piece of the world's tallest modular building has been installed in Croydon". Sutton & Croydon Guardian. Retrieved 1 January 2010.
  8. ^ a b c Mairs, Jessica (22 November 2017). ""Spectacularly tall" skyscraper by CZWG set to be built in Croydon". Dezeen. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  9. ^ a b Lane, Thomas (23 September 2019). "The sky's the limit: See the world's tallest modular tower in Croydon". building.co.uk. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  10. ^ [1]
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 11 July 2011. Retrieved 17 December 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 September 2017. Retrieved 22 September 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 September 2017. Retrieved 22 September 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ St George's House
  15. ^ NLA Tower
  16. ^ Altitude 25
  17. ^ [2]

External links[edit]