List of tallest buildings in Europe

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Tallest buildings in Europe (before 2018)

This list of tallest buildings in Europe ranks skyscrapers in Europe by height. For decades, only a few major cities, such as Frankfurt, London, Paris, Istanbul, Warsaw and Moscow, contained skyscrapers. In recent years, however, construction has spread to many other cities on the continent, including Barcelona, Brussels, Lisbon, Lyon, Madrid, Manchester, Milan, Naples, Rotterdam, Valencia, Vienna and others. As of 2017, several European cities have more than 10 skyscrapers above 100 metres (330 ft): Moscow, Istanbul (over 100 each), London (74), Paris (72), Frankfurt (32), Benidorm (26), Warsaw (24), Kiev (23), Rotterdam (20), Milan (18), Brussels (16), Madrid (15), Barcelona (14), Berlin (13), and Naples (10).

The Lakhta Center of Saint Petersburg, Russia will be the tallest building in Europe, with a planned height of 462.5 metres (1,517 ft) upon completion in 2018. The East Tower of the Federation Towers of Moscow, Russia, is the tallest completed building in Europe, standing at 373.7 metres (1,226 ft).

Tallest buildings[edit]

This lists ranks completed skyscrapers in Europe that stand at least 160 metres (525 ft) tall, based on standard height measurement. Architectural details does not include antenna masts. The height data is subject to fluctuations due to simple changing of mast extensions. Existing structures are included for ranking purposes based on present height. Many non-architectural extensions (such as radio antennas) are easily added and removed from tall buildings without significantly changing the style and design of the building, which is seen as a significant part of the value of these buildings.

Note: Some of these buildings may be considered as being located in Asia depending on source.

Federation Tower, Moscow. The tallest building in Europe
Name City State Height Feet Floors Completed
Federation Tower: East Tower Moscow Russia 373.7 1,226 95 2016
OKO: South Tower Moscow Russia 354.1 1,162 85 2015
Mercury City Tower Moscow Russia 338.8 1,112 75 2013
The Shard[1] London United Kingdom 309.7 1,017 87 2012
Eurasia[2] Moscow Russia 308.9 1,014 72 2014
CoC: Moscow Tower[3] Moscow Russia 301.6 990 76 2010
Skyland İstanbul 1[4][5] Istanbul Turkey 293.1 932 65 2017
Skyland İstanbul 2[4][5] Istanbul Turkey 293.1 932 65 2017
Metropol İstanbul[6] Istanbul Turkey 280 919 66 2017
Emaar Square Istanbul Turkey 280 920 62 2018
Naberezhnaya Tower C Moscow Russia 268.4 881 59 2007
Triumph Palace[7] Moscow Russia 264.1 867 57 2005
Commerzbank Tower[8][9] Frankfurt Germany 258.7 848 56 1997
CoC: Saint Petersburg Tower[10] Moscow Russia 256.9 843 65 2010
Messeturm Frankfurt Germany 256.5 842 55 1990
Nurol Life[11][12] Istanbul Turkey 252 827 60 2017
Torre de Cristal Madrid Spain 249 817 45 2008
Torre Cepsa Madrid Spain 248.3 815 45 2008
Evolution Tower[13] Moscow Russia 245.9 807 53 2014
OKO: North Tower[14] Moscow Russia 245 804 49 2014
Federation: West Tower Moscow Russia 243.2 798 62 2007
Main building of Moscow State University Moscow Russia 240 787 36 1953
Imperia Tower Moscow Russia 238.7 783 60 2011
Palace of Culture and Science Warsaw Poland 237 777 43 1955
Torre PwC Madrid Spain 236 774 52 2008
1 Canada Square London United Kingdom 235 771 50 1991
Istanbul Sapphire[15][16] Istanbul Turkey 234.9 770 54 2010
Tour First ParisB France 231 758 56 2011
Unicredit Tower Milan Italy 231 758 35 2011
Heron Tower London United Kingdom 230 755 46 2011
Torre Espacio Madrid Spain 228 750 57 2008
Leadenhall Building London United Kingdom 225 738 48 2014
DC Towers: Tower 1[17] Vienna Austria 220 721 60 2013
İstanbul Tower 205[18] Istanbul Turkey 220 721 53 2018
Warsaw Spire Warsaw Poland 220 721 49 2016
Mistral İzmir 1[19] Izmir Turkey 215.8 708 48 2017
Mosfilm Tower 1[20] Moscow Russia 213.3 700 54 2011[21]
Sky Tower[22] Wrocław Poland 212 696 50 2012
Spine Tower Istanbul Turkey 211 693 51 2013
Tour Montparnasse Paris France 210 689 59 1972
Allianz Tower[23] Milan Italy 209.2 686 50 2015
Iset tower Yekaterinburg Russia 209 686 52 2015
Piedmont Region Headquarters Turin Italy 209 686 44 2016
SOCAR Tower Baku Azerbaijan 209 686 42 2014
Westend Tower Frankfurt Germany 208 682 53 1993
Crescent City [24] Baku Azerbaijan 203.8 669 43 2016
Millennium Tower Vienna Austria 202 663 51 1999
Tour Incity Lyon France 202 663 39 2015
Folkart Towers 1 Izmir Turkey 200 656 47 2013
Folkart Towers 2 Izmir Turkey 200 656 47 2014
Batumi Technical University[25] Batumi Georgia 200 656 35 2012
Tower 185 Frankfurt Germany 200 656 50 2011
Main Tower Frankfurt Germany 200 656 55 1999
Intempo Benidorm Spain 200 656 47 2013
25 Canada Square London United Kingdom 200 656 45 2001
8 Canada Square London United Kingdom 200 656 45 2002
Hotel Ukraine Moscow Russia 198 650 34 1955
Varyap Meridian Grand Tower 1 Istanbul Turkey 198 650 57 2012
Tour Majunga Paris France 195 545 45 2014
Q22 Warsaw Poland 195 545 42 2016
Anthill Residence 1[26] Istanbul Turkey 194.5 638 54 2011
Anthill Residence 2[27] Istanbul Turkey 194.5 638 54 2011
Tricolor: Tower A[28] Moscow Russia 194 636 56 2013
Mirax-Plaza: Tower A[29] Moscow Russia 193 633 47 2015
Rondo Warsaw Poland 192 630 40 2006
Złota 44 Warsaw Poland 192 630 54 2012
Vysotsky Tower[30] Yekaterinburg Russia 192 630 50 2011
Türk Telekom Tower Istanbul Turkey 192 629 34 2016
Continental[31] Moscow Russia 191 627 48 2011
BT Tower London United Kingdom 191 627 34 1966
Tour Total ParisB France 190 620 48 1985
HSB Turning Torso Malmö Sweden 190 620 57 2005
Tour CB21 ParisB France 187 614 42 1974
Gran Hotel Bali Benidorm Spain 187 614 52 2002
Warsaw Trade Tower Warsaw Poland 187 614 43 1999
Ege Perla Tower 1[32][33] Izmir Turkey 186.7 612 49 2016
Trianon Frankfurt Germany 186 610 45 1993
Rönesans Tower Istanbul Turkey 186 610 40 2014
European Central Bank seat Frankfurt Germany 185 607 45 2014
Tour GDF Suez ParisB France 185 607 36 2008
Tour Areva ParisB France 184 604 44 1974
Tour Granite ParisB France 184 604 36 2008
Tower 42 London United Kingdom 183 600 47 1980
Flame Tower 1 Baku Azerbaijan 182 597 39 2013
St George Wharf Tower London United Kingdom 181 594 49 2013
Isbank Tower 1 Istanbul Turkey 181 594 52 2000
My Towerland 1 Istanbul Turkey 181 594 52 2013
Cajasol Tower Seville Spain 181 594 43 2015
Varyap Meridian Tower 2[34] Istanbul Turkey 180 591 45 2013
Nida Palladium Tower Istanbul Turkey 180 591 40 2014
30 St Mary Axe London United Kingdom 180 590 41 2003
Sparrow Hills Tower II[35] Moscow Russia 178 584 48 2004
Roche Tower[36] Basel Switzerland 178 584 41 2015
Sarphan Finans Park[37] Istanbul Turkey 178 584 48 2015
Generali Tower[38] Milan Italy 177.4 580 44 2017
Mertim Tower Mersin Turkey 177 580 52 1987
Maslak 1453 A1 Tower [39] Istanbul Turkey 176.5 579 44 2017
Maslak 1453 A2 Tower [39] Istanbul Turkey 176.5 579 44 2017
Maslak 1453 A3 Tower [39] Istanbul Turkey 176.5 579 44 2017
Maslak 1453 B1 Tower [39] Istanbul Turkey 176.5 579 44 2017
Maslak 1453 B2 Tower [39] Istanbul Turkey 176.5 579 44 2017
Edelweiss Moscow Russia 176 577 43 2003
Kotelnicheskaya Embankment Moscow Russia 176 577 32 1952
Aliye Parusa 2[40] Moscow Russia 175.6 576 48 2003
Akasya Tower Istanbul Turkey 175 565 55 2014
IQ-quarter: Tower 1 [41] Moscow Russia 172.8 567 42 2016
Ministry of Foreign Affairs Moscow Russia 172 564 27 1953
Nordstar Tower[42] Moscow Russia 171.5 563 42 2009
Tour D2 Paris France 171 561 37 2014
Maslak 1453 A4 Tower [39] Istanbul Turkey 170.5 559 42 2017
Maslak 1453 A5 Tower [39] Istanbul Turkey 170.5 559 42 2017
Şişli Plaza Istanbul Turkey 170 558 46 2007
Centrum LIM Warsaw Poland 170 560 43 1989
Opernturm Frankfurt Germany 170 558 42 2009
Levent 199 Istanbul Turkey 170 558 40 2014
Özdilek 1 Istanbul Turkey 170 558 38 2014
Soyak Crystal Tower Istanbul Turkey 170 558 40 2014
Taunusturm Frankfurt Germany 170 558 40 2014
Terrace Tema Istanbul Turkey 170 558 39 2014
Odeon Tower Monaco Monaco 170 558 49 2015
Beetham Tower Manchester United Kingdom 169 554 47 2006
Tekstilkent Plaza 1 Istanbul Turkey 168 551 44 2000
Tekstilkent Plaza 2 Istanbul Turkey 168 551 44 2000
Klovsky Kiev Ukraine 168 551 48 2012
Mirax-Plaza: Tower B[43] Moscow Russia 168 551 41 2015
Tour Alicante ParisC France 167 548 37 1995
Tour Chassagne ParisC France 167 548 37 1995
Torre Intesa Sanpaolo Turin Italy 167 548 39 2013
Maslak 42 1 Istanbul Turkey 167 548 42 2014
Maslak 42 2 Istanbul Turkey 167 548 42 2014
Crescent Place Tower[24] Baku Azerbaijan 166.6 546 34 2017
Silberturm Frankfurt Germany 166 545 32 1978
Tour Carpe Diem Paris France 166 545 34 2013
Tour Part Dieu Lyon France 165 541 42 1977
Tour EDF ParisD France 165 541 41 2001
Swissôtel Krasnye Holmy[44] Moscow Russia 165 541 34 2005
Selenium Twins 1[45] Istanbul Turkey 165 541 34 2008
Selenium Twins 2[45] Istanbul Turkey 165 541 34 2008
Broadgate Tower London United Kingdom 165 541 35 2009
Maastoren Rotterdam Netherlands 165 541 35 2009
Iberdrola Tower Bilbao Spain 165 541 40 2011
Flame Tower 2 Baku Azerbaijan 165 541 36 2013
Warsaw Financial Center Warsaw Poland 165 541 32 2003
InterContinental Warsaw Warsaw Poland 164 538 45 2003
Varyap Meridian Tower 3[46] Istanbul Turkey 164 538 41 2012
Porta Batumi Tower[47] Batumi Georgia (country) Georgia 164 538 43 2017
Seljuk Tower Konya Turkey 163 535 42 2006
Post Tower[48] Bonn Germany 163 535 42 2002
Well House na Leninskom[49] Moscow Russia 162 531 46 2009
Flame Tower 3 Baku Azerbaijan 161 528 28 2013
Palazzo Lombardia[50] Milan Italy 161.3 529 43 2010
Cœur Défense ParisB France 161 528 40 2001
Sparrow Hills Tower I[51] Moscow Russia 161 528 43 2004
Sparrow Hills Tower III[52] Moscow Russia 161 528 43 2004
Cosmopolitan Twarda 2/4 Warsaw Poland 160 525 42 2012
20 Fenchurch Street London United Kingdom 160 525 34 2014
Kudrinskaya Square [53] Moscow Russia 160 525 22 1954
Sky Tower 1[54] Istanbul Turkey 160 525 42 2010
Exen Plaza Istanbul Turkey 160 525 42 2010

Timeline of tallest buildings[edit]

Name City Years tallest Metres Feet Floors
Lakhta Center Russia Saint Petersburg 2017–present 462.5 1519 87
Federation: East Tower Russia Moscow 2016–2017 373.7 1,227 95
OKO: South Tower Russia Moscow 2015–2016 354.1 1,154 85
Mercury City Tower Russia Moscow 2012–2014 338.8 1,112 75
The Shard United Kingdom London 2011–2012 309.6 1,016 87
CoC: Moscow Tower Russia Moscow 2009–2011 301.6 989 77
Naberezhnaya Tower C Russia Moscow 2007–2009 268.4 881 59
Triumph-Palace Russia Moscow 2005–2007 264.1 867 57
Commerzbank Tower Germany Frankfurt 1997–2005 259 849 56
Messeturm Germany Frankfurt 1990–1997 257 843 55
Moscow State University Russia Moscow 1953–1990 240 787 42
Kotelnicheskaya Embankment Building Russia Moscow 1952–1953 176 577 32
Terrazza Martini Tower Italy Genoa 1940–1952 108 354 31
Royal Liver Building United Kingdom Liverpool 1911-1940 98.2 322 13

Projects under construction[edit]

This lists buildings that are under construction in Europe and are planned to rise at least 160 metres (525 ft).

Name City Metres Feet Floors Completed
Lakhta Center Russia Saint Petersburg 462.5 1,519 87 2018
Akhmat Tower[55][56] Russia Grozny 435 1,428 102 2020
Neva Towers 2 [57][58] Russia Moscow 345 1,132 79 2019
Hermitage Plaza II France Paris 323 1060 86 2024
Hermitage Plaza I France Paris 323 1060 85 2024
Varso Tower Poland Warsaw 310 1017 53 2020
Neva Towers 1 [57][58] Russia Moscow 297 975 65 2019
22 Bishopsgate United Kingdom London 278 912 62 2019
Diamond of Istanbul Turkey Istanbul 270 886 53 2020
Capital Towers 1 [59] Russia Moscow 262.8 862 65 2020
Capital Towers 2 [59] Russia Moscow 262.8 862 65 2020
Capital Towers 3 [59] Russia Moscow 262.8 862 65 2020
Neskuchny Home & SPA[60][61] Russia Moscow 262 860 69 2020
Spire London United Kingdom London 235 770 67 2020
Landmark Pinnacle United Kingdom London 233 764 75 2018
Faco Tower Turkey Istanbul 220 732 58 2018
Tour Hekla France Paris 220 722 51 2022
Newfoundland Quay United Kingdom London 220 719 60 2018
Ziraat Tower 1 Turkey Istanbul 219.2 719 46 2020
Zalmhaven Tower Netherlands Rotterdam 218 715 59 2021
South Quay Plaza I United Kingdom London 215 721 68 2018
One Wood Wharf United Kingdom London 205 673 60 2019
Spinnaker Office Tower Poland Warsaw 203 666 46 2019
Sky Fort[62] Bulgaria Sofia 202 663 47 2019
Owen Street Tower A United Kingdom Manchester 201 664 64 2018
The First Residence Turkey Ankara 201 662 50 2019
One Nine Elms I United Kingdom London 200 660 58 2019
Skyliner Poland Warsaw 195 640 50 2020
Queen Central Park Turkey Istanbul 195 640 52 2018
Ziraat Tower 2 Turkey Istanbul 193.5 635 40 2020
South Quay Plaza II United Kingdom London 192 630 56 2019
ONE Germany Frankfurt 191 627 49 2020
Omniturm Germany Frankfurt 190 623 45 2019
The Scalpel United Kingdom London 190 623 38 2018
The Madison United Kingdom London 184 604 53 2019
Wardian East Tower United Kingdom London 183 600 55 2019
Caleido Spain Madrid 181 603 33 2020
Generation Park Poland Warsaw 180 591 34 2019
Tours Duo France Paris 180 591 39 2020
Ciftci Tower A Turkey Istanbul 180 591 44 2018
Ciftci Tower B Turkey Istanbul 180 591 45 2018
Tour Saint-Gobain France Paris 178 584 39 2019
PwC Tower[63] Italy Milan 175.5 576 34 2020
Centre City-Square 1 Tower 1 [64] Russia Moscow 174.9 574 53 2018
Grand Tower Germany Frankfurt 172 564 47 2019
100 Bishopsgate United Kingdom London 172 564 40 2018
Babillon Tower[65] Georgia (country) Batumi 172 563 46 2018
Aykon London One United Kingdom London 170 558 50 2020
Wardian West Tower United Kingdom London 170 558 50 2019
Vauxhall Square I United Kingdom London 168 656 50 2019
Vauxhall Square II United Kingdom London 168 656 50 2019
Belgrade Waterfront Tower Serbia Belgrade 168 656 42 2019
Eurovea 2 Slovakia Bratislava 168 549 45 2020
Tour Trinity France Paris 167 548 33 2020
Sky Towers: Tower B Ukraine Kiev 165 541 46 On hold--->
1 Blackfriars United Kingdom London 163 535 49 2018
Principal Tower United Kingdom London 163 535 51 2018
One Nine Elms II United Kingdom London 161 528 43 2019
Tour Alto France Paris 160 492 38 2020

Tallest European skyscrapers by pinnacle height[edit]

This lists ranks skyscrapers in Europe that stand at least 200 metres (656 ft) tall, based on architectural details and antenna height measurement.

Name City Metres Feet Floors Completed
Federation: East Tower Russia Moscow 373.7 1,227 95 2016
OKO: South Tower Russia Moscow 354.1 1,162 85 2015
Mercury City Tower Russia Moscow 339 1,112 75 2013
The Shard United Kingdom London 309.6 1,016 87 2012
Eurasia Russia Moscow 309 1013 72 2013
CoC: Moscow Tower Russia Moscow 302 989 76 2009
Commerzbank Tower Germany Frankfurt 300 985 56 1997
Naberezhnaya Tower C Russia Moscow 268 881 59 2007
Triumph-Palace Russia Moscow 264 868 57 2005
Sapphire of Istanbul Turkey Istanbul 261 856 54 2010
CoC: Saint Petersburg Russia Moscow 257 843 65 2009
Messeturm Germany Frankfurt 257 843 55 1990
Torre Cepsa Spain Madrid 250 820 45 2008
Torre de Cristal Spain Madrid 249 817 45 2007
Allianz Tower[23] Italy Milan 249 810 50 2014
Federation: West Tower Russia Moscow 242 795 62 2007
Main Tower Germany Frankfurt 240 787 55 1999
Moscow State University Russia Moscow 240 787 36 1953
Imperia Tower Russia Moscow 239 784 60 2011[66]
Palace of Culture and Science Poland Warsaw 237 758 43 1955
Torre Sacyr Vallehermoso Spain Madrid 236 774 52 2007
Torre Espacio Spain Madrid 236 774 57 2007
One Canada Square United Kingdom London 235 771 50 1991
Unicredit Tower Italy Milan 231 758 35 2011
Tour First France Paris 231 758 56 2010
Heron Tower United Kingdom London 230 755 47 2010
Warsaw Spire Poland Warsaw 220 722 49 2016
Mosfilm Tower 1 Russia Moscow 213.3 700 54 2012
Sky Tower Poland Wroclaw 212 696 51 2012
Spine Tower Turkey Istanbul 211 693 51 2013
Anthill Residence 1 Turkey Istanbul 210 689 54 2011
Anthill Residence 2 Turkey Istanbul 210 689 54 2011
Gran Hotel Bali Spain Benidorm 210 689 52 2002
Tour Montparnasse France Paris 210 689 59 1972
Westend Tower Germany Frankfurt 208 682 53 1993
Warsaw Trade Tower Poland Warsaw 208 682 43 1999
Tour Incity France Lyon 202 660 39 2015
Millennium Tower Austria Vienna 202 663 51 1999
Tower 185 Germany Frankfurt 200 656 51 2011
25 Canada Square United Kingdom London 200 656 45 2001
many lower buildings

Cities with buildings over 150 metres[edit]

City ≥350 m ≥300 m ≥250 m ≥200 m ≥150 m
Russia Moscow 2 5 8 14 31
United Kingdom London - 1 1 6 27
Turkey Istanbul - - 5 10 45
France Paris - - - 2 17
Germany Frankfurt - - 2 5 14
Poland Warsaw - - - 3 11
Spain Madrid - - - 4 5
Italy Milan - - - 2 4
Austria Vienna - - - 2 3
Netherlands Rotterdam - - - - 3
Spain Benidorm - - - - 3
Ukraine Kiev - - - - 3
France Lyon - - - 1 2
Italy Turin - - - 1 1
Russia Yekaterinburg - - - 1 2
Spain Barcelona - - - - 2
Russia Saint Petersburg 1 1 1 1 1
Poland Wrocław - - - 1 1
Belgium Brussels - - - - 1
Spain Bilbao - - - - 1
Spain Seville - - - - 1
Switzerland Basel - - - - 1
Sweden Malmö - - - - 1
United Kingdom Manchester - - - - 1
Germany Bonn - - - - 1

Cities with buildings >150m (under construction only)[edit]

List measures buildings by roof height only (excluding spires and antennas).

City ≥450m ≥400m ≥350m ≥300m ≥250m ≥200m ≥150m
United Kingdom London - - - - 2 8 28
Russia Moscow - - - 1 2 3 4
France Paris - - - - - - 5
Germany Frankfurt - - - - - - 4
Russia Saint Petersburg 1 1 1 1 1 1 2
United Kingdom Manchester - - - - - 1 2
Russia Grozny - 1 1 1 1 1 2
Poland Warsaw - - - 1 1 2 3
Netherlands Rotterdam - - - - - 1 2
Bulgaria Sofia - - - - - 1 1
Spain Madrid - - - - - - 1
Poland Gdańsk - - - - - - 1
Cyprus Limassol - - - - - - 1
Italy Milan - - - - - - 1
Russia Yekaterinburg - - - - - - 1
Romania Timisoara - - - - - - 1
Serbia Belgrade - - - - - - 1

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  • ^A To the architectural tip
  • ^B Specifically located in Courbevoie, in the inner suburbs of Paris
  • ^C Specifically located in Nanterre, in the inner suburbs of Paris
  • ^D Specifically located in Puteaux, in the inner suburbs of Paris
  • ^E Specifically located in Saint-Denis, in the inner suburbs of Paris
  • ^F Specifically located in La Défense, in the inner suburbs of Paris

External links[edit]

References[edit]

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