List of tallest buildings in New York City

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Midtown Manhattan in November 2018 looking north from the Empire State Building's 102nd floor (1,224 feet or 373 meters). Bank of America Tower, left, then Central Park Tower (under construction), with recently completed 220 Central Park South behind it. In the center and both under construction are 111 West 57th Street and 53W53. On the right is 432 Park Avenue.
Lower Manhattan, viewed from Jersey City, New Jersey with the World Trade Center complex in the middle.

New York City, the most populous city in the United States, is home to over 7,000 completed high-rise buildings of at least 115 feet (35 m),[1] of which at least 93 are taller than 650 feet (198 m). The tallest building in New York is One World Trade Center, which rises 1,776 feet (541 m).[2][3][4] The 104-story[A] skyscraper also stands as the tallest building in the United States, the tallest building in the Western Hemisphere, and the sixth-tallest building in the world.[2][3] At 1,550 feet (472 m), Central Park Tower is the second-tallest completed building in the city. It has the highest roof of any building outside Asia, and is the tallest residential building in the world.[5] The third-tallest completed building in the city is One Vanderbilt, standing at 1,401 feet (427 m), it is the tallest office building in Midtown. The fourth-tallest is 432 Park Avenue at 1,397 feet (426 m), and the fifth-tallest is 30 Hudson Yards at 1,270 feet (387 m).

At 1,250 feet (381 m), the 102-story[B] Empire State Building in Midtown Manhattan, which was finished in 1931 stood as the tallest building in the world from its completion until 1970, when construction on the 1,368-foot (417 m) North Tower of the original World Trade Center surpassed it.[6] It is the eighth-tallest building in the United States, and rises to a pinnacle of 1,454 feet (443 m)[C] including its antenna.[8] The North Tower (the original One World Trade Center), along with its twin the South Tower (the first Two World Trade Center), which was six feet shorter, held this title only briefly as they were both surpassed by construction of the 110-story[D] Willis Tower (then, and still colloquially, known as the Sears Tower) in Chicago in 1973. The Twin Towers remained the tallest buildings in New York City until they were destroyed in 2001 during the September 11 attacks, leaving the Empire State Building again as the city's tallest building.[9][10]

The new One World Trade Center began construction in 2006; in April 2012 it surpassed the Empire State Building to become the city's tallest. Upon its topping out in May 2013, the 1,776-foot (541 m) One World Trade Center surpassed the Willis Tower to become the tallest building in the United States.[3][11] One World Trade Center is part of the redevelopment of the World Trade Center, which also includes the 1,079-foot (329 m) 3 World Trade Center,[12] the 977-foot (298 m) 4 World Trade Center,[13] the 743-foot (226 m) 7 World Trade Center,[14] the proposed 900-foot (274 m) 5 World Trade Center,[15] and one partly-constructed on hold building: the 1,323-foot (403 m) 2 World Trade Center.[16]

The majority of skyscrapers in New York City are concentrated in Midtown and Downtown Manhattan, although other neighborhoods of Manhattan and the Boroughs of Brooklyn, Queens, and the Bronx also contain some high-rises. As of January 2021, the entire city had 290 completed skyscrapers that rise at least 492 feet (150 m) in height, more than any other city in the United States, and third in the world exceeded only by Hong Kong and Shenzhen; an additional 26 are under construction.[17][E]

History[edit]

The history of skyscrapers in New York City began with the construction of the Equitable Life, Western Union, and Tribune buildings in the early 1870s. These relatively short early skyscrapers, sometimes referred to as "preskyscrapers" or "protoskyscrapers", included features such as a steel frame and elevators—then-new innovations that were used in the city's later skyscrapers.[20]: 62  Modern skyscraper construction began with the completion of the World Building in 1890; the structure rose to a pinnacle of 349 feet (106 m).[21] Though not the city's first high-rise, it was the first building to surpass the 284-foot (87 m) spire of Trinity Church.[22] The World Building, which stood as the tallest in the city until 1899,[F] was demolished in 1955 to allow for the construction of an expanded entrance to the Brooklyn Bridge.[23] The Park Row Building, at 391 feet (119 m), was the city's tallest building from 1899 to 1908,[24] and the world's tallest office building during the same time span.[25] By 1900, fifteen skyscrapers in New York City exceeded 250 feet (76 m) in height.[20]: 280 

New York has played a prominent role in the development of the skyscraper. Since 1890, ten of those built in the city have held the title of world's tallest.[26][G] New York City went through two very early high-rise construction booms, the first of which spanned the 1890s through the 1910s, and the second from the mid-1920s to the early 1930s.[27] During this period 44 skyscrapers over 492 feet (150 m) were built[28]—including the Singer Building, Met Life Tower, Woolworth Building, 40 Wall Street, the Chrysler Building, and the Empire State Building, each of which was the tallest in the world at the time of its completion, the last remaining so for forty years.[26]

Skyscraper construction resumed in the early 1960s, with construction surges in the early 1970s, late 1980s, and late 2010s.[27] In total, the city has seen the rise of over 100 completed and topped-out structures at least 650 feet (198 m) high, including the twin towers of the World Trade Center, and the current World Trade Center redevelopment.[29]

Nine-mile (14 km) high-resolution panorama of Manhattan's west side, from 115 Street to The Battery, taken from Weehawken, NJ, March 26, 2020

Tallest buildings[edit]

This list ranks completed and topped out New York City skyscrapers that stand at least 650 feet (198 m) tall based on standard height measurements. This includes spires and architectural details but does not include antenna masts. An equal sign (=) following a rank indicates the same height between two or more buildings. An asterisk (*) indicates that the building is still under construction but has been topped out. The "Year" column indicates the year in which a building was completed.

  Was the world's tallest building upon completion
Rank Name Image Height
ft (m)
Floors[H] Year Address Coordinates Notes
1 One World Trade Center 1,776 (541) 104[A] 2014 285 Fulton Street 40°42′47″N 74°00′49″W / 40.713°N 74.0135°W / 40.713; -74.0135 (One World Trade Center) Also known as the Freedom Tower (mainly by non-New Yorkers). Tallest building in the Western Hemisphere by architectural height. Tallest building in New York City and the United States. 6th-tallest building in the world. Roof height is 1,368 feet (417 m), the same as the original World Trade Center. Footprint of the building is 200 by 200 feet (61 by 61 m), the same as each of the Twin Towers.[30]
2 Central Park Tower 1,550 (472) 98 2020 225 West 57th Street 40°45′57″N 73°58′51″W / 40.7659°N 73.98089°W / 40.7659; -73.98089 (Central Park Tower) Also known as Nordstrom Tower. At 1,550 feet, it has the highest roof height of any building in the United States, surpassing the Willis Tower by 100 feet (30 m). The building is also the tallest residential building in the world both by roof height and architectural height. Construction was delayed in 2015 and resumed in 2017.[31][32] Topped out in September 2019.[33]
3 111 West 57th Street 1,428 (435) 84 2021 111 West 57th Street 40°45′52″N 73°58′40″W / 40.76455°N 73.97765°W / 40.76455; -73.97765 (111 West 57th Street) Also known as Steinway Tower. It is the world's most slender skyscraper.[34][35]
4 One Vanderbilt 1,401 (427) 62 2020 1 Vanderbilt Avenue 40°45′11″N 73°58′43″W / 40.7530°N 73.9785°W / 40.7530; -73.9785 (One Vanderbilt) Second tallest office building in NYC.[36] It is one of the tallest buildings in Midtown East, as part of the Vanderbilt Corridor rezoning plan.[37] Topped out in September 2019.[38]
5 432 Park Avenue 1,397 (426) 85 2015 432 Park Avenue 40°45′41″N 73°58′19″W / 40.761389°N 73.971806°W / 40.761389; -73.971806 (432 Park Avenue) Including the unfinished topped-out skyscrapers above, fifth tallest building overall in NYC, third tallest by roof height, third tallest residential building in the world; 26th-tallest building in the world; 6th-tallest building in the United States.[39][40]
6 30 Hudson Yards 1,270 (387) 103 2019 500 West 33rd Street 40°45′13″N 74°00′11″W / 40.75355°N 74.00315°W / 40.75355; -74.00315 (30 Hudson Yards) Opened March 15, 2019, 4th-tallest completed building in New York City, tallest building in Hudson Yards.[41]
7 Empire State Building 1,250 (381) 102[B] 1931 350 Fifth Avenue 40°44′54″N 73°59′08″W / 40.748433°N 73.985656°W / 40.748433; -73.985656 (Empire State Building) First building in the world to contain over 100 floors. Built in just 13 months during the Great Depression, it was the world's tallest building from its completion in 1931 until the World Trade Center was completed in 1972, and was New York City's tallest building after the World Trade Center was destroyed in the attacks of September 11, 2001, until 2012, when it was surpassed by One World Trade Center.[8][42] With its antenna, it is 1,454 feet (443 m) tall.
8 Bank of America Tower 1,200 (366) 55 2009 1101 Sixth Avenue 40°45′19″N 73°59′03″W / 40.755278°N 73.984167°W / 40.755278; -73.984167 (Bank of America Tower) 8th-tallest completed building in the United States; First skyscraper to receive a Platinum LEED certification.[43][44] Roof height is 953.5 feet (291 m).
9 3 World Trade Center 1,079 (329) 80 2018 175 Greenwich Street 40°42′39″N 74°00′42″W / 40.71090°N 74.01160°W / 40.71090; -74.01160 (3 World Trade Center) Topped out in June 2016.[45] Officially opened June 11, 2018.[46]
10 The Brooklyn Tower* 1,073 (327) 73 2022 9 DeKalb Avenue 40°41′25″N 73°58′56″W / 40.690278°N 73.982222°W / 40.690278; -73.982222 (9 DeKalb Avenue) Topped out in October 2021 to become the tallest building in Brooklyn, the tallest building in the Outer Boroughs, and the tallest building on Long Island.[47][48][49][50]
11 53W53 1,050 (320)[51] 77 2019 53 West 53rd Street 40°45′42″N 73°58′42″W / 40.76160°N 73.97840°W / 40.76160; -73.97840 (53W53) Formerly known as Tower Verre, topped out in August 2018.[52]
12 = Chrysler Building 1,046 (319) 77 1930 405 Lexington Avenue 40°45′06″N 73°58′31″W / 40.7517°N 73.9753°W / 40.7517; -73.9753 (Chrysler Building) Tied for 19th-tallest in the United States; first building in the world to rise higher than 1,000 feet (305 m); stood as the tallest building in the world from 1930 until 1931 when it was surpassed by the Empire State Building; tallest steel-framed brick building in the world. At its completion overtook the Eiffel Tower as the world's tallest man-made structure.[53][54]
12 = The New York Times Building 1,046 (319) 52 2007 620 Eighth Avenue 40°45′23″N 73°59′24″W / 40.756389°N 73.99°W / 40.756389; -73.99 (The New York Times Building) Tied for 19th-tallest in the United States. Also known as the Times Tower. The first high-rise building in the United States to have a ceramic sunscreen curtain wall.[55][56]
14 The Spiral* 1,041 (317) 66 2022 435 Tenth Avenue 40°45′17″N 73°59′59″W / 40.754801°N 73.999835°W / 40.754801; -73.999835 (The Spiral) 34th Street and 10th Avenue, at the north end of the High Line. Almost every floor will have its own outdoor terrace.[57]
15 50 Hudson Yards* 1,011 (308) 58 2022 504 West 34th Street 40°45′16″N 74°00′00″W / 40.754578°N 74.000119°W / 40.754578; -74.000119 (50 Hudson Yards) Last tower under construction as part of Hudson Yards' Phase 1, anchored by BlackRock.[58]
16 One57 1,004 (306) 75 2014 157 West 57th Street 40°45′55″N 73°58′45″W / 40.7653°N 73.9791°W / 40.7653; -73.9791 (One57) First of the Billionaires' Row supertalls to be completed.[59][60][61]
17 35 Hudson Yards 1,000 (305) 72 2019 532-560 West 33rd Street 40°45′16″N 74°00′09″W / 40.75455°N 74.00240°W / 40.75455; -74.00240 (35 Hudson Yards) Tallest mixed-use (residential and hotel) skyscraper in the city, topped out in June 2018.[62][63]
18 1 Manhattan West 996 (304) 67 2019 401 Ninth Avenue 40°45′07″N 73°59′52″W / 40.7519°N 73.9979°W / 40.7519; -73.9979 (1 Manhattan West) Topped out in August 2018, tallest building in the Manhattan West development.[64][65][66]
19 4 World Trade Center 977 (298) 65 2014 150 Greenwich Street 40°42′37″N 74°00′43″W / 40.71040°N 74.01195°W / 40.71040; -74.01195 (4 World Trade Center) Also known as 150 Greenwich Street, part of the rebuilding of the World Trade Center.[13][67]
20 70 Pine Street 952 (290) 67 1932 70 Pine Street 40°42′23″N 74°00′28″W / 40.70645°N 74.00765°W / 40.70645; -74.00765 (70 Pine Street) 34th-tallest building in the United States; formerly known as the American International Building and the Cities Service Building[68][69] 70 Pine was transformed into a residential skyscraper with 644 rental residences, 132 hotel rooms and 35,000 square feet of retail space, opening in 2015.[70] It stood as the tallest building in Lower Manhattan from the time of its completion until the construction of the original World Trade Center towers in the 1970s, then regained that status after 9/11, holding it until the construction of the new One World Trade Center building.
21 220 Central Park South 950 (290) 65 2019 220 59th Street 40°46′02″N 73°58′49″W / 40.7671°N 73.9802°W / 40.7671; -73.9802 (220 Central Park South) Topped out in 2017.[71]
22 2 Manhattan West* YUhu41aE9m.jpg 935 (285) 58 2022 401 West 31st Street 40°45′08″N 73°59′53″W / 40.752090°N 73.997949°W / 40.752090; -73.997949 (2 Manhattan West) Construction began after law firm Cravath, Swaine & Moore signed a lease for 13 floors in October 2019. Topped out in November 2021.[72][73]
23 40 Wall Street 927 (283) 71 1930 40 Wall Street 40°42′25″N 74°00′35″W / 40.706964°N 74.009672°W / 40.706964; -74.009672 (40 Wall Street) 39th-tallest in the United States; was world's tallest building for less than two months in 1930. Formerly known as the Bank of Manhattan Trust Building and currently known as the Trump Building, a more permanent name is 40 Wall Street.

Was the tallest building in New York City before being surpassed by the Chrysler Building.[74][75] Was the tallest mid-block building in the city from 1930 until the completion of One57 in 2014.

24 Four Seasons Hotel New York Downtown 926 (282) 67 2016 27 Barclay Street 40°42′47″N 74°00′34″W / 40.713167°N 74.009311°W / 40.713167; -74.009311 (Four Seasons Hotel New York Downtown) Also known as 30 Park Place. Topped out in March 2015.[76][77]
25 Citigroup Center 915 (279) 63 1977 601 Lexington Avenue 40°45′31″N 73°58′13″W / 40.758533°N 73.970314°W / 40.758533; -73.970314 (Citigroup Center) Formerly Citicorp Center and now known as 601 Lexington Avenue[78][79]
26 15 Hudson Yards 914 (279) 70 2019 545 West 30th Street 40°45′17″N 74°00′11″W / 40.7546°N 74.003°W / 40.7546; -74.003 (15 Hudson Yards) Topped out in February 2018.[80]
26 = 125 Greenwich Street* 125 Greenwich St from Liberty Park 2020 jeh.jpg 912 (278) 72 2022 125 Greenwich Street 40°42′33″N 74°00′46″W / 40.709167°N 74.012778°W / 40.709167; -74.012778 (125 Greenwich Street) Topped out in March 2019.[81]
28 10 Hudson Yards 878 (268) 52 2016 501 West 30th Street 40°45′09″N 74°00′04″W / 40.7525°N 74.001°W / 40.7525; -74.001 (10 Hudson Yards) First of the Hudson Yards towers to be completed.[82]
29 8 Spruce Street 870 (265) 76 2011 8 Spruce Street 40°42′39″N 74°00′20″W / 40.710833°N 74.005556°W / 40.710833; -74.005556 (8 Spruce Street) Also known as Beekman Tower and New York by Gehry.[83]
30 Trump World Tower 861 (262) 72 2001 845 United Nations Plaza (First Avenue) 40°45′08″N 73°58′04″W / 40.7523°N 73.9677°W / 40.7523; -73.9677 (Trump World Tower) Tallest residential building in the world from 2000 until 2003.[84][85]
31 425 Park Avenue* 860 (262) 44 2021 425 Park Avenue 40°45′38″N 73°58′16″W / 40.760542°N 73.971157°W / 40.760542; -73.971157 (425 Park Avenue) Topped out in December 2018.[86]
32 30 Rockefeller Plaza 850 (259) 70 1933 30 Rockefeller Plaza 40°45′32″N 73°58′44″W / 40.7590°N 73.9790°W / 40.7590; -73.9790 (30 Rockefeller Plaza) Also known as the Comcast Building, formerly known as the GE Building, and the RCA Building before that; colloquially referred to as "30 Rock" for its address, houses NBC Studios and the Top of the Rock observation deck.[87]
33 = One Manhattan Square 847 (258) 72 2019 250 South Street 40°42′37″N 73°59′29″W / 40.71040°N 73.99140°W / 40.71040; -73.99140 (One Manhattan Square) Topped out in September 2017.[88] Also known as 250 South Street or 227 Cherry Street.[89][90]
33 = Sutton 58* Sutton 58 Aug 2021.jpg 847 (258) 65 2021 426-432 East 58th Street 40°45′30″N 73°57′41″W / 40.758291°N 73.961256°W / 40.758291; -73.961256 (Sutton 58) Residential tower rising in Sutton Place, also known as 3 Sutton Place.[91][92]
35 56 Leonard Street 821 (250) 57 2016 56 Leonard Street 40°43′04″N 74°00′23″W / 40.71765°N 74.00635°W / 40.71765; -74.00635 (56 Leonard Street) The tallest structure in Tribeca.[93][94][95]
36 CitySpire Center 814 (248) 75 1987 156 West 56th Street 40°45′52″N 73°58′47″W / 40.764444°N 73.979722°W / 40.764444; -73.979722 (CitySpire Center) Was NYC's tallest mixed-use building at the time of its completion.[96][97][98]
37 28 Liberty Street 813 (248) 60 1961 28 Liberty Street 40°42′28″N 74°00′32″W / 40.707778°N 74.008889°W / 40.707778; -74.008889 (28 Liberty Street) Known until sale in 2015 as One Chase Manhattan Plaza[99][100]
38 4 Times Square 809 (247) 48 1999 1472 Broadway 40°45′21″N 73°59′09″W / 40.755833°N 73.985833°W / 40.755833; -73.985833 (4 Times Square) Height is 809 feet to mast structure. Roof height is 701 feet. Antenna height is 1118 feet. Formerly known as the Condé Nast Building[101][102]
39 MetLife Building 808 (246) 59 1963 200 Park Avenue 40°45′12″N 73°58′36″W / 40.753333°N 73.976667°W / 40.753333; -73.976667 (MetLife Building) Formerly known as the Pan Am Building[103][104]
40 731 Lexington Avenue 806 (246) 54 2004 731 Lexington Avenue 40°45′43″N 73°58′05″W / 40.762°N 73.968°W / 40.762; -73.968 (731 Lexington Avenue) It houses the headquarters of Bloomberg L.P. and as a result, is sometimes referred to informally as Bloomberg Tower.[105][106]
41 126 Madison Avenue* 805 (245) 56 2021 15 East 30th Street 40°44′44″N 73°59′07″W / 40.74566°N 73.98516°W / 40.74566; -73.98516 (15 East 30th Street) Also known as Madison House, topped out in June 2019.[107][108][109]
42 138 East 50th Street 803 (245) 64 2019 138 East 50th Street 40°45′21″N 73°58′19″W / 40.75590°N 73.97190°W / 40.75590; -73.97190 (138 East 50th Street) Topped out in November 2017. Also known as The Centrale.[110][111][112]
43 Woolworth Building 792 (241) 58 1913 233 Broadway 40°42′44″N 74°00′29″W / 40.712222°N 74.008056°W / 40.712222; -74.008056 (Woolworth Building) Tallest building in the world from 1913 until 1930. Was the tallest building in New York City before being surpassed by 40 Wall Street.[113][114]
44 111 Murray Street 788 (240) 60 2018 111 Murray Street 40°42′56″N 74°00′46″W / 40.71555°N 74.01275°W / 40.71555; -74.01275 (111 Murray Street) Completed in 2018.[115]
45 520 Park Avenue 781 (238) 54 2018 520 Park Avenue 40°45′51″N 73°58′12″W / 40.764028°N 73.97°W / 40.764028; -73.97 (520 Park Avenue) Topped out in April 2017.[116][117]
46 = 50 West Street 779 (237) 64 2018 50 West Street 40°42′29″N 74°00′54″W / 40.70800°N 74.01505°W / 40.70800; -74.01505 (50 West Street) Topped out in October 2015.[118][119][120]
46 = 55 Hudson Yards 779 (237) 51 2018 550 West 34th Street 40°45′20″N 74°00′10″W / 40.755556°N 74.002778°W / 40.755556; -74.002778 (55 Hudson Yards) Topped out in April 2017.[121][122][123][124]
48 = One Worldwide Plaza 778 (237) 47 1989 825 Eighth Avenue 40°45′45″N 73°59′16″W / 40.7624°N 73.9877°W / 40.7624; -73.9877 (One Worldwide Plaza) Commercial office tower on Eighth Avenue[125][126]
48 = Madison Square Park Tower 778 (237) 61 2017 45 East 22nd Street 40°44′24″N 73°59′14″W / 40.7399°N 73.9872°W / 40.7399; -73.9872 (Madison Square Park Tower) Topped out in May 2016.[127][128]
50 Skyline Tower 763 (233) 67 2021 23-15 44th Drive 40°45′02″N 73°56′10″W / 40.7505°N 73.9362°W / 40.7505; -73.9362 (Skyline Tower) The tallest building in Queens, and the second tallest in the Outer Boroughs.[129] Topped out in October 2019.[130]
51 19 Dutch 758 (231) 63 2018 19 Dutch Street 40°42′35″N 74°00′35″W / 40.7098°N 74.0096°W / 40.7098; -74.0096 (19 Dutch) Also called 118 Fulton Street.[131][132] Topped out in May 2016.[133]
52 Carnegie Hall Tower 757 (231) 60 1991 152 West 57th Street 40°45′53″N 73°58′47″W / 40.7648°N 73.9797°W / 40.7648; -73.9797 (Carnegie Hall Tower) The main shaft is a mere 50 feet (15 m) wide.[134][135]
53 = 383 Madison Avenue 755 (230) 47 2001 383 Madison Avenue 40°45′20″N 73°58′37″W / 40.75560°N 73.97705°W / 40.75560; -73.97705 (383 Madison Avenue) Formerly known as Bear Stearns World Headquarters.[136][137]
53 = 130 William Street 755 (230) 61 2020 130 William Street 40°42′23″N 74°00′28″W / 40.70645°N 74.00765°W / 40.70645; -74.00765 (130 William Street) Topped out in May 2019.[138][139]
53 = Queens Plaza Park 755 (230) 67 2021 29-37 41st Avenue 40°45′00″N 73°56′11″W / 40.750063°N 73.936507°W / 40.750063; -73.936507 (Queens Plaza Park) Second tallest building in Queens after Skyline Tower.[140] Topped out in June 2020.[141]
56 1717 Broadway 753 (230) 68 2013 1717 Broadway 40°45′52″N 73°58′57″W / 40.76435°N 73.98260°W / 40.76435; -73.98260 (1717 Broadway) It houses the Courtyard & Residence Inn Manhattan/Central Park hotel. Tallest hotel in the Western Hemisphere.[142][143][144]
57 AXA Equitable Center 752 (229) 51 1985 787 Seventh Avenue 40°45′42″N 73°58′54″W / 40.76170°N 73.98160°W / 40.76170; -73.98160 (AXA Equitable Center) Formerly known as the Equitable Building and Equitable Center West.[145][146]
58 = 1251 Avenue of the Americas 750 (229) 54 1972 1251 Sixth Avenue 40°45′36″N 73°58′53″W / 40.76005°N 73.98135°W / 40.76005; -73.98135 (1251 Avenue of the Americas) Formerly known as the Exxon Building.[147][148]
58 = One Penn Plaza 750 (229) 57 1972 250 West 34th Street 40°45′05″N 73°59′35″W / 40.751389°N 73.993056°W / 40.751389; -73.993056 (One Penn Plaza) Tallest building in the Penn Plaza complex.[149][150]
58 = Time Warner Center North Tower 750 (229) 55 2004 10 Columbus Circle 40°46′08″N 73°58′59″W / 40.76890°N 73.98305°W / 40.76890; -73.98305 (Time Warner Center North Tower) Originally constructed as the AOL Time Warner Center; in 2021 the complex was renamed the Deutsche Bank Center.[151][152]
58 = Time Warner Center South Tower 750 (229) 55 2004 10 Columbus Circle 40°46′06″N 73°59′01″W / 40.76830°N 73.98365°W / 40.76830; -73.98365 (Time Warner Center South Tower)
58 = 200 West Street World Trade Center New York July 2013 001.jpg 750 (229) 44 2010 200 West Street 40°42′53″N 74°00′51″W / 40.71480°N 74.01425°W / 40.71480; -74.01425 (200 West Street) Also known as Goldman Sachs World Headquarters.[153][154]
63 = One Astor Plaza 745 (227) 54 1972 1515 Broadway 40°45′29″N 73°59′11″W / 40.75800°N 73.98645°W / 40.75800; -73.98645 (One Astor Plaza) Located on the site formerly occupied by the Hotel Astor. Houses the world headquarters of ViacomCBS.[155][156]
63 = 60 Wall Street 745 (227) 55 1989 60 Wall Street 40°42′23″N 74°00′30″W / 40.70635°N 74.00845°W / 40.70635; -74.00845 (60 Wall Street) Also known as Deutsche Bank Building.[157][158]
65 = One Liberty Plaza 743 (226) 54 1972 165 Broadway 40°42′35″N 74°00′41″W / 40.709722°N 74.011389°W / 40.709722; -74.011389 (One Liberty Plaza) Formerly known as the U.S. Steel Building.[159][160]
65 = 7 World Trade Center 743 (226) 49 2006 250 Greenwich Street 40°42′48″N 74°00′43″W / 40.7133°N 74.0120°W / 40.7133; -74.0120 (7 World Trade Center) First tower in the new World Trade Center complex to be completed.[14][161]
67 20 Exchange Place 741 (226) 57 1931 20 Exchange Place 40°42′20″N 74°00′35″W / 40.705556°N 74.009722°W / 40.705556; -74.009722 (20 Exchange Place) Formerly known as the City Bank-Farmers Trust Building.[162][163]
68 200 Vesey Street 739 (225) 51 1986 200 Vesey Street 40°42′49″N 74°00′53″W / 40.713611°N 74.014722°W / 40.713611; -74.014722 (200 Vesey Stret) Formerly known as Three World Financial Center and American Express Tower.[164][165]
69 ARO 738 (225) 54 2018 242 West 53rd Street 40°45′49″N 73°59′03″W / 40.76365°N 73.98409°W / 40.76365; -73.98409 (ARO) Topped out in June 2017.[166] Also known as 242 West 53rd Street and Roseland Tower.[167]
70 1540 Broadway 733 (223) 42 1990 1540 Broadway 40°45′29″N 73°59′05″W / 40.758135°N 73.984853°W / 40.758135; -73.984853 (1540 Broadway) Also known as Bertelsmann Building.[168][169]
71 3 Manhattan West 730 (223) 64 2017 401 West 31st Street 40°45′07″N 73°59′52″W / 40.7519°N 73.9979°W / 40.7519; -73.9979 (3 Manhattan West) Topped out in April 2016.[170][171]
72 Times Square Tower 726 (221) 47 2004 7 Times Square 40°45′20″N 73°59′12″W / 40.7555°N 73.9867°W / 40.7555; -73.9867 (Times Square Tower) [172][173]
73 Brooklyn Point 722 (220) 57 2020 138 Willoughby Street 40°41′25″N 73°58′56″W / 40.6903°N 73.9822°W / 40.6903; -73.9822 (Brooklyn Point) Topped-out in April 2019, it is the second tallest building in the borough of Brooklyn.[174]
74 Metropolitan Tower 716 (218) 68 1985 146 West 57th Street 40°45′54″N 73°58′45″W / 40.76495°N 73.9791°W / 40.76495; -73.9791 (Metropolitan Tower) Immediately adjacent to Carnegie Hall Tower, separated by the Russian Tea Room.[175][176]
75 252 East 57th Street 715 (218) 65 2016 252 East 57th Street 40°45′34″N 73°57′59″W / 40.759306°N 73.966389°W / 40.759306; -73.966389 (252 East 57th Street) Topped out in October 2015.[177] Completed in 2017.
76 100 East 53rd Street 711 (217) 61 2018 100 East 53rd Street 40°45′30″N 73°58′17″W / 40.758333°N 73.971389°W / 40.758333; -73.971389 (100 East 53rd Street) Topped out in January 2016.[178][179]
77 General Motors Building 705 (215) 50 1968 767 Fifth Avenue 40°45′50″N 73°58′21″W / 40.763889°N 73.9725°W / 40.763889; -73.9725 (General Motors Building) Occupies a full city block.[180][181]
78 25 Park Row 702 (214) 54 2020 25 Park Row 40°42′41″N 74°00′26″W / 40.711361°N 74.007306°W / 40.711361; -74.007306 (25 Park Row) Also known as 23 Park Row.[182][183][184]
79 Metropolitan Life Insurance Company Tower 700 (213) 50 1909 1 Madison Avenue 40°44′28″N 73°59′15″W / 40.741239°N 73.9874°W / 40.741239; -73.9874 (Metropolitan Life Insurance Company Tower) Tallest building in the world from 1909 until 1913. Was the tallest building in New York City before being surpassed by the Woolworth Building.[185][186]
80 500 Fifth Avenue 697 (212) 59 1931 500 Fifth Avenue 40°45′14″N 73°58′53″W / 40.7538°N 73.9813°W / 40.7538; -73.9813 (500 Fifth Avenue) Became a city landmark in 2010.[187][188]
81 601 West 29th Street* 695 (212) 58 2022 601 West 29th Street 40°45′10″N 74°00′16″W / 40.7529°N 74.0045°W / 40.7529; -74.0045 (601 West 29th Street) Topped out.[189] Received construction financing in June 2019;[190][191] construction was underway as of July 2020.[192]
82 Americas Tower 692 (211) 48 1992 1177 Sixth Avenue 40°45′26″N 73°58′58″W / 40.7572°N 73.9827°W / 40.7572; -73.9827 (Americas Tower) Also known as 1177 Avenue of the Americas.[193][194]
83 Solow Building 689 (210) 49 1974 9 West 57th Street 40°45′50″N 73°58′29″W / 40.763861°N 73.974794°W / 40.763861; -73.974794 (Solow Building) [195][196]
84 140 Broadway 688 (210) 52 1967 140 Broadway 40°42′31″N 74°00′36″W / 40.708611°N 74.01°W / 40.708611; -74.01 (140 Broadway) Also known as Marine Midland Building, HSBC Bank Building.[197][198]
85 = 277 Park Avenue 687 (209) 50 1963 277 Park Avenue 40°45′20″N 73°58′31″W / 40.75551°N 73.9752°W / 40.75551; -73.9752 (277 Park Avenue) [199][200]
85 = 55 Water Street 687 (209) 53 1972 55 Water Street 40°42′12″N 74°00′33″W / 40.7032°N 74.0091°W / 40.7032; -74.0091 (55 Water Street) [201][202]
85 = 5 Beekman Street 687 (209) 47 2017 5 Beekman Street 40°42′40″N 74°00′25″W / 40.7111°N 74.0070°W / 40.7111; -74.0070 (5 Beekman Street) Also known as The Beekman Hotel & Residences.[203][204]
88 Morgan Stanley Building 685 (209) 42 1989 1585 Broadway 40°45′37″N 73°59′08″W / 40.760386°N 73.985678°W / 40.760386; -73.985678 (Morgan Stanley Building) Also known as 1585 Broadway. It houses the Morgan Stanley World Headquarters.[205][206]
89 Penguin Random House Tower 684 (208) 52 2003 1745 Broadway 40°45′55″N 73°58′57″W / 40.7653°N 73.9825°W / 40.7653; -73.9825 (Penguin Random House Tower) [207][208]
90 Four Seasons Hotel New York 682 (208) 52 1993 57 East 57th Street 40°45′44″N 73°58′17″W / 40.762222°N 73.971389°W / 40.762222; -73.971389 (Four Seasons Hotel New York) [209][210]
91 Sky 676 (206) 61 2015 605 West 42nd Street 40°45′41″N 73°59′55″W / 40.7614°N 73.9986°W / 40.7614; -73.9986 (Sky) Also known as 605 West 42nd Street and Atelier II. Largest single tower residence in New York City.[211] Sky comprises 1,175 luxury units and includes more than 70,000 sq ft of amenity space.[212]
92 1221 Avenue of the Americas 674 (205) 51 1972 1221 Sixth Avenue 40°45′33″N 73°58′54″W / 40.759167°N 73.981667°W / 40.759167; -73.981667 (1221 Avenue of the Americas) Formerly known as the McGraw-Hill Building.[213][214]
93 = One Grand Central Place 673 (205) 53 1930 60 East 42nd Street 40°45′08″N 73°58′44″W / 40.7522°N 73.9788°W / 40.7522; -73.9788 (One Grand Central Place) Formerly known as the Lincoln Building.[215][216]
93 = One Court Square MoMA PS1 rooftop August 2013 003.jpg 673 (205) 50 1990 2501 Jackson Avenue, Long Island City 40°44′49″N 73°56′38″W / 40.747083°N 73.943889°W / 40.747083; -73.943889 (One Court Square) Tallest building in the Borough of Queens from 1990 to 2021. Formerly known as the Citigroup Building[217][218]
93 = Barclay Tower 673 (205) 56 2007 10 Barclay Street 40°42′44″N 74°00′33″W / 40.712194°N 74.009083°W / 40.712194; -74.009083 (Barclay Tower) [219][220]
93 = 277 Fifth Avenue 673 (205) 55 2018 277 Fifth Avenue 40°44′44″N 73°59′11″W / 40.745661°N 73.986275°W / 40.745661; -73.986275 (277 Fifth Avenue) Topped out in March 2018.[221]
97 = Paramount Plaza 670 (204) 48 1970 1633 Broadway 40°45′44″N 73°59′04″W / 40.7621°N 73.98445°W / 40.7621; -73.98445 (Paramount Plaza) Formerly the Uris Building.[222][223]
97 = 161 Maiden Lane* 670 (204) 60 2022 161 Maiden Lane 40°42′20″N 74°00′17″W / 40.705533°N 74.004779°W / 40.705533; -74.004779 (161 Maiden Lane) Also known as One Seaport. Topped out in August 2018.[224][225][226]
99 200 Amsterdam Avenue 668 (204) 55 2021 200 Amsterdam Avenue 40°46′36″N 73°59′00″W / 40.7768°N 73.9833°W / 40.7768; -73.9833 (200 Amsterdam) Tallest building on the Upper West Side;[227][228] topped-out in August 2019.[229]
100 45 Park Place* Church St Park Pl td (2019-03-27) 11 - 45 Park Place.jpg 667 (203) 43 2022 45 Park Place 40°42′49″N 74°00′36″W / 40.713611°N 74.01°W / 40.713611; -74.01 (45 Park Place) Topped out by October 2019.[230][231][232]
101 Trump Tower 664 (202) 58 1982 725 Fifth Avenue 40°45′45″N 73°58′26″W / 40.7625°N 73.9738°W / 40.7625; -73.9738 (Trump Tower) [233][234]
102 1 Wall Street 1 Wall Street panoramic.jpg 654 (199) 50 1932 1 Wall Street 40°42′26″N 74°00′42″W / 40.707222°N 74.011667°W / 40.707222; -74.011667 (1 Wall Street) It was formerly called Bank of New York Building and Irving Trust Building.[235][236]
103 = 599 Lexington Avenue 653 (199) 51 1986 599 Lexington Avenue 40°45′28″N 73°58′15″W / 40.7578°N 73.9707°W / 40.7578; -73.9707 (599 Lexington Avenue) [237][238]
103 = Silver Towers I Silver Towers 44 11 jeh.JPG 653 (199) 58 2009 620 West 42nd Street 40°45′39″N 73°59′57″W / 40.760722°N 73.999194°W / 40.760722; -73.999194 (Silver Towers I) Also known as River Place.[239][240]
103 = Silver Towers II 653 (199) 58 2009 620 West 42nd Street 40°45′39″N 73°59′57″W / 40.760722°N 73.999194°W / 40.760722; -73.999194 (Silver Towers II) Also known as River Place.[241][242]
106 712 Fifth Avenue Skyscraper MOMA (6217863416).jpg 650 (198) 53 1990 712 Fifth Avenue 40°45′44″N 73°58′30″W / 40.7622°N 73.975°W / 40.7622; -73.975 (712 Fifth Avenue) [243][244]

Tallest buildings by pinnacle height[edit]

This lists ranks buildings in New York City based on pinnacle height measurement, which includes antenna masts. Standard architectural height measurement, which excludes non-architectural antennas in building height, is included for comparative purposes. An equal sign (=) following a rank indicates the same height between two or more buildings. The "Year" column indicates the year in which a building was completed.

Tallest buildings in NYC, by pinnacle height, including all masts, antennae, poles, etc., whether architectural or not
Pinn.
Rank
Std.
Rank
Name Pinnacle
height
ft (m)
Standard
height
ft (m)
Floors
Year
Sources
1 1 One World Trade Center 1,792 (546) 1,776 (541) 104[A] 2014 [2][30]
2 2 Central Park Tower 1,550 (472) 1,550 (472) 98 2020 [5]
3 7 Empire State Building 1,454 (443)[C] 1,250 (381) 102[B] 1931 [245][246][7]
4 3 111 West 57th Street 1,428 (435) 1,428 (435) 84 2021 [34]
5 4 One Vanderbilt 1,401 (427) 1,401 (427) 59 2020 [36][247]
6 5 432 Park Avenue 1,397 (426) 1,397 (426) 85 2015 [39][40]
7 6 30 Hudson Yards 1,270 (387) 1,270 (387) 73 2019 [248]
8 8 Bank of America Tower 1,200 (366) 1,200 (366) 55 2009 [43][44]
9 21 Condé Nast Building 1,118 (341) 809 (247) 48 1999 [101][102]
10 9 3 World Trade Center 1,079 (329) 1,079 (329) 69 2018 [12][46]
11 11 The Brooklyn Tower 1,066 (325) 1,066 (325) 73 2022 [47]
11 10 53W53 1,050 (320) 1,050 (320) 77 2019 [249]
12= 11= Chrysler Building 1,046 (319) 1,046 (319) 77 1930 [53][54]
12= 11= New York Times Building 1,046 (319) 1,046 (319) 52 2007 [55][56]
14 13 The Spiral 1,041 (317) 1,041 (317) 66 2023 [250]
15 14 50 Hudson Yards 1,011 (308) 1,011 (308) 58 2022 [251]
16 15 One57 1,004 (306) 1,004 (306) 75 2014 [59][60]
17 16 35 Hudson Yards 1,000 (305) 1,000 (305) 72 2019 [62][63]
18 17 1 Manhattan West 996 (304) 996 (304) 67 2019 [65]
19 18 4 World Trade Center 977 (298) 977 (298) 65 2014 [13]
20 19 70 Pine Street 952 (290) 952 (290) 67 1932 [68]

Tallest buildings in each borough[edit]

This lists the tallest building in each borough of New York City based on standard height measurement. The "Year" column indicates the year in which a building was completed.

Borough Name Height
ft (m)
Floors Year Source
Bronx Harlem River Park Towers I & II 428 (130) 44 1975 [252]
Brooklyn The Brooklyn Tower 1,066 (325) 73 2022 [47]
Manhattan One World Trade Center 1,776 (541) 104 2014 [30]
Queens Skyline Tower 763 (233) 67 2021 [130]
Staten Island Church at Mount Loretto 225 (69) 1 1894 [253][254]

Tallest under construction or proposed[edit]

Under construction[edit]

This lists buildings that are currently under construction in New York City and are expected to rise to a height of at least 650 feet (198 m). Buildings under construction that have already been topped out are also included, as are those whose construction has been suspended. For buildings whose heights have not yet been released by their developers, this table uses a floor count of 50 stories as the cutoff.

Name Height
ft (m)
Floors Year
(est.)
Address Coordinates Notes
270 Park Avenue (reconstruction) 1,425 (434) 63 2024 270 Park Avenue 40°45′21″N 73°58′31″W / 40.7558°N 73.9754°W / 40.7558; -73.9754 (270 Park Avenue) JPMorgan Chase is replacing its headquarters;[255][256] the new tower was approved by the New York City Council in May 2019.[257][258]
3 Hudson Boulevard 987 (301) 56 On hold 555 West 34th Street 40°45′20″N 74°00′06″W / 40.755646°N 74.001638°W / 40.755646; -74.001638 (3 Hudson Boulevard) Formerly known as GiraSole.[259] The project remains on hold, though the developer's head of commercial leasing said in November 2021 that he is "hopeful that we'll have more significant news in the next six months or so" about the status of the project.[260]
50 West 66th Street 775 (236) 52 On hold 50 West 66th Street 40°46′23″N 73°58′49″W / 40.773°N 73.9803°W / 40.773; -73.9803 (50 West 66th Street) Would become the tallest building in the Upper West Side upon completion.[261][262]

* Table entries with dashes (—) indicate that information regarding expected building heights or dates of completion has not yet been released.

Proposed[edit]

This table lists buildings that are proposed for construction in New York City and are expected to rise at least 650 feet (198 m) in height. For buildings whose heights have not yet been released by their developers, this table uses a floor count of 50 stories as the cutoff.

Name Height*
ft (m)
Floors Year* Notes
Affirmation Tower 1,663 (507) 95 Unknown The proposed building is designed by David Adjaye for developer Don Peebles.[263]
175 Park Avenue 1,646 (502) 86 2030 An Environmental Assessment Statement for 109 East 42nd Street in Midtown East reveals details for a proposed development called Project Commodore, a 1,646-foot-tall skyscraper on the site currently occupied by Grand Hyatt New York. It will be designed by Skidmore, Owings & Merrill.[264] Some images of plans for the new structure were released by SOM in early 2021.[265]
Tower Fifth 1,556 (474) 96 Unknown Tower Fifth is a slender office tower proposed by 432 Park Avenue developer Harry B. Macklowe of Macklowe Properties, would become the second tallest tower in the Western Hemisphere after One World Trade Center if completed as planned.[266]
350 Park Avenue 1,450 (442) 72 Unknown 350 Park Avenue has been quietly proposed by Vornado Realty Trust after a marketing brochure leaked renderings; the Foster and Partners-designed building would replace BlackRock's current headquarters after the company moves to 50 Hudson Yards in 2022.[267]
2 World Trade Center 1,323 (403) 82 On hold Address: 200 Greenwich Street, Coordinates: 40°42′43″N 74°00′40″W / 40.7120°N 74.0110°W / 40.7120; -74.0110 (2 World Trade Center)
265 West 45th Street 1,312 (400) 96 2028 Redevelopment of a Midtown address for a possible supertall office building.[268]
15 Penn Plaza 1,270 (387) 67 2030 Proposed by Vornado prior to the financial crisis of 2007–2008; as of 2019 the developer is still seeking an anchor tenant to justify construction.[269] New renderings leaked from a marketing brochure in June 2019 depict a tower around 1,270 feet (387 m) with a new design.[270]
41-47 West 57th Street 1,100 (335) 63 Unknown Proposed by developer Sedesco with a design by OMA.[271]
343 Madison Avenue 1,055 (322) 55 2026 Proposed office tower by Boston Properties to replace the former Metropolitan Transportation Authority headquarters across from Grand Central Terminal.[272]
247 Cherry 1,013 (309) 78 Unknown SHoP Architects building being developed by JDS Development Group. Initial plans revealed in April 2016 and approved by the City Planning Commission in December 2018.[273][274]
262 Fifth Avenue 1,001 (305) 54 Unknown First proposed in June 2016; as of June 2019 no site work has been completed and the developer has not released any updates.[275]
625 Fulton Street 941 (287) 79 2023 Would be the second-tallest building in Brooklyn after 9 Dekalb.[276][277]
5 World Trade Center 900 (274) 80 2028 New design unveiled in February 2021.[278][279]
80 Flatbush 840 (256) 74 2025 Approved by the New York City Council in September 2018.[280][281]
260 South Street Tower I 798 (243) 69 Unknown Approved by the City Planning Commission in December 2018.[273][282]
321 East 96th Street 760 (232) 68 2023 Proposed by AvalonBay Communities, would become the tallest building in East Harlem.[283][284]
259 Clinton Street 730 (223) 62 Unknown Approved by the City Planning Commission in December 2018.[273][285]
260 South Street Tower II 728 (222) 62 Unknown Approved by the City Planning Commission in December 2018.[273][282]
10 West 57th Street 672 (205) 52 2025 Ultra-luxury condominium tower proposed by Sheldon Solow; the former buildings on the site were under demolition as of May 2020.[286]

* Table entries with dashes (—) indicate that information regarding building heights or dates of completion has not yet been released.

Tallest destroyed or demolished[edit]

This table lists buildings in New York City that were destroyed or demolished and at one time stood at least 500 feet (152 m) in height.

Name Image Height
ft (m)
Floors Completed
in
Destroyed
in
Notes
1 World Trade Center (original) 1,368 (417) 110 1972 2001 Destroyed in the September 11, 2001, attacks; stood as the tallest building in the world from 1972 until 1974.[9][287]
2 World Trade Center (original) 1,362 (415) 110 1973 2001 Destroyed in the September 11 attacks.[288][289]
270 Park Avenue 707 (215) 52 1960 2021 Now demolished. Also known as JPMorgan Chase Tower and formerly the Union Carbide Building.[290][291] Demolition of the current building started in 2019, making it the tallest building in the world to be voluntarily demolished. A newer building will be built on the site, it will be 716 ft (218 m) taller than the demolished building, and will be completed in 2024.[292]
Singer Building 612 (187) 41 1908 1968 Demolished to make room for One Liberty Plaza; stood as tallest building in the world from 1908 until 1909.[293][294] Tallest building ever to be demolished until the September 11 attacks,[295] and tallest voluntarily demolished building in the world until 2019.[292]
7 World Trade Center (original) 570 (174) 47 1987 2001 Destroyed in the September 11 attacks.[296][297]
Deutsche Bank Building 517 (158) 39 1974 2011 Deconstructed due to damage sustained in the September 11 attacks.[298][299]

Timeline of tallest buildings[edit]

This lists buildings that once held the title of tallest building in New York City. Both Trinity Church and the Empire State Building have held the title twice, the latter following the destruction of the World Trade Center in the September 11 attacks. The Empire State Building was surpassed by One World Trade Center in 2012.

  Was also the world's tallest building during at least some of its period as New York City's tallest building[26]
Name Image Address Years as
tallest
Height
ft (m)
Floors Notes
Collegiate Reformed Protestant Dutch Church Fort Amsterdam 1643–1846 Unknown 1 Demolished[300]
Trinity Church 79 Broadway 1846–1853 279 (85) 1 [301]
Latting Observatory
(1853–1856)
42nd Street and Fifth Avenue 1853–1854 315 (96) 3 Height reduced by 75 feet (23 m) in 1854;
burned down in 1856[302]
Trinity Church 79 Broadway 1854–1890 279 (85) 1 [301]
World Building
(1890–1955)
73 Park Avenue 1890–1894 309 (94) 20[I] Demolished in 1955[21]
Manhattan Life Insurance Building
(1894–1963/64)
64–70 Broadway 1894–1899 348 (106) 18 Demolished in 1963-64[304]
Park Row Building 13–21 Park Row 1899–1908 391 (119) 30 [305]
Singer Building
(1908–1968)
149 Broadway 1908–1909 612 (187) 47 Demolished in 1968[294]
Metropolitan Life Insurance Company Tower 1 Madison Avenue 1909–1913 700 (213) 50 [186]
Woolworth Building 233 Broadway 1913–1930 792 (241) 57 [114]
Bank of Manhattan Trust Building[J] 40 Wall Street 1930 927 (283) 71 [75]
Chrysler Building 405 Lexington Avenue 1930–1931 1,046 (319) 77 [54]
Empire State Building 350 Fifth Avenue 1931–1971 1,250 (381) 102 [245]
1 World Trade Center
(1971–2001)
1 World Trade Center 1971–2001 1,368 (417) 110 Destroyed in the September 11, 2001, attacks[287]
Empire State Building 350 Fifth Avenue 2001–2012 1,250 (381) 102[B] [245]
One World Trade Center 1 World Trade Center 2012–present 1,776 (541) 104[A] [30]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d The building is 104 standard floors tall and most references supply this figure. However, only 94 actual, physically usable, stories are present; see the skyscraper's main article for more details.
  2. ^ a b c d References typically use the 102 floors figure, however some state a value of 103 floors instead due to the presence of an encircling balcony above the 102nd floor. See Empire State Building#Opening and early years and Empire State Building#Above the 102nd floor for a detailed explanation.
  3. ^ a b Prior to 1985, the pinnacle height was 1,472 feet (449 m). This was reduced to the current value when the original antenna was replaced by a shorter one.[7]
  4. ^ Historically most references gave a 108 floor figure. However, following a change in ownership, the building's official datasheet was amended to provide 110 floors as the total, counting the main roof as 109 and the mechanical penthouse as 110; recent references now tend to follow this practice.
  5. ^ The comparison uses the current standard criteria as a continuously habitable high-rise building that has over 40 floors, and is taller than approximately 492 feet (150 m).[18][19] See also Skyscraper for more details on how the definition has evolved over time.
  6. ^ As measured to its tip (or pinnacle). Five other skyscrapers in Manhattan had already surpassed its 309-foot (94 m) architectural height by then, starting with the Manhattan Life Insurance Building in 1894. For more on the different criteria used see List of tallest buildings and structures#Tallest buildings
  7. ^ This considers only skyscrapers by architectural height. It was not until the completion of the Singer Building in 1908 that a skyscraper surpassed the spire of the tallest building constructed using conventional methods. Only the Chrysler and Empire State Buildings held the title of world's tallest overall structure, the later of which maintained this title for more than two decades until surpassed by Oklahoma's Griffin Television Tower in 1954.
  8. ^ Floor counts often vary among sources, this list uses the number most widely reported in reference. Read the FAQ on the talk page for details.
  9. ^ The floor count of the World Building has been disputed. Upon construction, the building was said to contain up to 26 floors, but in recent years the building has been said to contain as few as 16 floors.[303]
  10. ^ This building was constructed as the Bank of Manhattan Trust Building, but is now more commonly known as 40 Wall Street and officially known as the Trump Building.

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ "Buildings in New York City (existing)". Archived from the original on June 12, 2020. Retrieved June 12, 2012.
  2. ^ a b c "One World Trade Center". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Archived from the original on June 12, 2020. Retrieved June 12, 2020.
  3. ^ a b c Murray, Matt; Kim, Eun Kyung (May 10, 2013). "Cheers Erupt as Spire Tops One World Trade Center". CNBC. Archived from the original on June 12, 2020. Retrieved June 12, 2020.
  4. ^ "CTBUH Affirms One World Trade Center Height". Global Tall News. CTBUH. November 12, 2013. Archived from the original on November 6, 2018. Retrieved June 12, 2020.
  5. ^ a b "Central Park Tower". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Archived from the original on June 12, 2020. Retrieved June 12, 2020.
  6. ^ "Center of the World Timeline". PBS. Archived from the original on May 2, 2007. Retrieved June 12, 2020.
  7. ^ a b "Empire State Building". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Archived from the original on June 12, 2020. Retrieved June 12, 2020.
  8. ^ a b "Empire State Building". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Archived from the original on June 12, 2020. Retrieved June 12, 2020.
  9. ^ a b "One World Trade Center (Previous)". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Archived from the original on June 12, 2020. Retrieved June 12, 2020.
  10. ^ "World Trade Center tower surpasses Empire State". CBS News. April 30, 2012. Archived from the original on June 12, 2020. Retrieved June 12, 2020.
  11. ^ "One World Trade Center To Supplant Willis Tower As Nation's Tallest Building". CBS Chicago. April 30, 2012. Archived from the original on June 12, 2020. Retrieved June 12, 2020.
  12. ^ a b "Three World Trade Center". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Archived from the original on June 12, 2020. Retrieved June 12, 2020.
  13. ^ a b c "Four World Trade Center". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Archived from the original on June 12, 2020. Retrieved June 12, 2020.
  14. ^ a b "Seven World Trade Center". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Archived from the original on June 12, 2020. Retrieved June 12, 2020.
  15. ^ "Five World Trade Center". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Archived from the original on April 20, 2021. Retrieved April 21, 2021.
  16. ^ "Two World Trade Center". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Archived from the original on June 12, 2020. Retrieved June 12, 2020.
  17. ^ "New York City". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Archived from the original on January 17, 2021. Retrieved June 12, 2020.
  18. ^ "Skyscraper". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Archived from the original on June 12, 2020. Retrieved June 12, 2020.
  19. ^ Ambrose, Gavin; Harris, Paul; Stone, Sally (2008). The Visual Dictionary of Architecture. Switzerland: AVA Publishing SA. p. 233. ISBN 978-2-940373-54-3.
  20. ^ a b Landau, Sarah; Condit, Carl W. (1996). Rise of the New York Skyscraper, 1865–1913. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-07739-1. OCLC 32819286.
  21. ^ a b "New York World Building". Skyscraper Source Media. Archived from the original on June 12, 2020. Retrieved June 12, 2020.
  22. ^ "Trinity Church History". TrinityWallStreet. Archived from the original on June 12, 2020. Retrieved June 12, 2020.
  23. ^ "New York World Building". Skyscraper Museum. Archived from the original on June 12, 2020. Retrieved June 12, 2020.
  24. ^ Gray, Christopher (March 12, 2000). "Streetscapes/The Park Row Building, 15 Park Row; An 1899 'Monster' That Reigned High Over the City". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  25. ^ "Historic Structures Report: Park Row Building" (PDF). National Register of Historic Places, National Park Service. November 16, 2005. p. 6.
  26. ^ a b c "World's Tallest Towers: Timeline of all Skyscrapers Holding the Title of Tallest Building in the World From 1890 to the Present". Skyscraper Museum. Archived from the original on June 12, 2020. Retrieved June 12, 2020.
  27. ^ a b "New York: The Ultimate Skyscraper Laboratory" (PDF). CTBUH. Retrieved June 12, 2020.
  28. ^ "CTBUH Completed Buildings List". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Retrieved June 12, 2020.
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Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

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