List of tallest buildings in the European Union

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Tallest buildings in the European Union (as of 2020)

This list ranks the tallest buildings in the European Union that stand at least 150 metres (492 ft) tall, based on standard height measurement. This means that spires and other architectural details are included in the official height, but not antenna masts, as it is defined by the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Only habitable buildings are ranked, which excludes radio masts and towers, observation towers, cathedrals, steeples, chimneys and other tall architectural structures.

The tallest building in the EU is the Varso Tower in Warsaw, Poland, at 310 metres (1,017 ft). It became the tallest building in the EU on February 20th, 2021.[1]

Existing buildings[edit]

Skyline of Warsaw in Poland
Skyline of Frankfurt in Germany
Skyline of La Défense in Paris
Skyline of Milan in Italy

This list includes buildings under construction that have already been architecturally topped out. Architectural height is considered, so masts and other elements added after completion of building are not considered.

  Was the union's tallest building upon completion
  Was the country's tallest building upon completion
Rank Name Image City Height in m (ft)[2] Floors Year built
1 Varso Tower 03-09-2020 plac budowy Varso.jpg Warsaw 310 m (1,017 ft) 53 2021
2 Commerzbank Tower Frankfurt Am Main-Commerzbank Tower-Ansicht vom Eisernen Steg.jpg Frankfurt 259 m (850 ft) 56 1997
3 Messeturm 01-01-2014 - Messeturm - trade fair tower - Frankfurt- Germany - 05.jpg Frankfurt 256 m (840 ft) 64 1990
4 Torre de Cristal Torre de Cristal (Madrid) 09a.jpg Madrid 249 m (817 ft) 52 2009
5 Torre Cepsa Torre Caja Madrid (CTBA) 10.jpg Madrid 248.3 m (815 ft) 45 2008
6 Palace of Culture and Science Pałac Kultury i Nauki, Warszawa 2.jpg Warsaw 237 m (778 ft)[a] 42 1955
7 Torre PwC Torre Sacyr Vallehermoso (Madrid) 05a.jpg Madrid 236 m (774 ft) 52 2008
8 Tour First Tour First - La Defense - Inauguration 6 mai 2011.jpg Paris 231 m (758 ft) 52 2011
Unicredit Tower UniCredit Tower, Milan, Italy.jpg Milan 231 m (758 ft) 35 2011
10 Torre Espacio Torre Espacio (Madrid) 09a.jpg Madrid 224.2 m (736 ft) 57 2008
11 DC Towers DC Tower 1 Vienna from SSW on 2013-09-24 perspective controlled.png Vienna 220 m (722 ft) 60 2013
Warsaw Spire Warsaw Spire 2019.jpg Warsaw 220 m (722 ft) 49 2016
13 Sky Tower 2015 Sky Tower we Wrocławiu.jpg Wrocław 212 m (696 ft) 50 2012
14 Allianz Tower Torre Isozaki Milano.jpg Milan 209 m (686 ft) 50 2014
15 Tour Montparnasse P1020879 Paris VI Rue de Rennes rwk.JPG Paris 209 m (686 ft) 59 1972
Piedmont Region Headquarters[4] GrattacieloPiemonte.jpg Turin 209 m (686 ft) 42 2017
17 Westendstraße 1 Kronenhochhaus.JPG Frankfurt 208 m (682 ft) 53 1993
Warsaw Trade Tower La "Warsaw Trade Tower".jpg Warsaw 208 m (682 ft) 43 1999
19 Millennium Tower Millennium Tower Vienna seen from across the Danube 2006-11-02 099.jpg Vienna 202 m (663 ft) 50 1999
Warsaw Unit [pl] Warsaw 202 m (663 ft) 46 2021
21 Main Tower Maintower Frankfurt.jpg Frankfurt 200 m (656 ft) 55 1999
Tower 185 Tower 185.jpg Frankfurt 200 m (656 ft) 55 2011
Intempo In Tempo enero 2015.jpg Benidorm 200 m (656 ft) 55 2014
Tour Incity Lyon 200 m (656 ft) 39 2015
25 Skyliner Skyliner nad 19 dzielnicą.jpg Warsaw 195 m (640 ft) 45 2021
Q22 Q22 Warszawa 2016.jpg Warsaw 159 m (522 ft) 47 2016
27 Tour Majunga Tour Majunga, Paris La Défense.jpg Paris 194 m (636 ft) 45 2014
27 Złota 44 Warszawa - Złota 44.jpg Warsaw 192 m (630 ft) 54 2012
Rondo 1 Rondo 1 Warszawa - widok z Prostej.jpg Warsaw 159 m (522 ft) 40 2006
30 Turning Torso Turningtorso2011.jpg Malmö 190 m (623 ft) 54 2005
31 Omniturm[5] Omniturm Frankfurt 02-19 B.jpg Frankfurt 189.9 m (623 ft) 45 2019
32 Trianon Trianon DEKA.JPG Frankfurt 186 m (610 ft) 45 1993
Gran Hotel Bali Gran bali.jpg Benidorm 186 m (610 ft) 52 2002
34 Tour GDF Suez Paris 185 m (607 ft) 37 2008
35 European Central Bank Headquarters Frankfurt EZB-Neubau.Osten.20140209.jpg Frankfurt 183.7 m (603 ft) 45 2014
36 Tour Granite Paris 183 m (600 ft) 35 2008
37 Caleido Tower Madrid 181 m (594 ft) 38 2020
38 Olivia Star Olivia Star.jpg Gdańsk 180.6 m (593 ft) 47 2018
39 Cajasol Tower Cajasol Tower, Seville Spain, 2014.jpg Seville 180.5 m (592 ft) 40 2016
40 Grand Tower[6] Frankfurt.Grand Tower.20200207.jpg] Frankfurt 180 m (591 ft) 47 2019
41 Tour Total Tour-Total.jpg Paris 179 m (587 ft) 48 1985
42 Tour Areva Areva1.jpg Paris 178 m (584 ft) 44 1974
43 Tour Saint-Gobain Paris 178 m (584 ft) 39 2019
44 Generali Tower Torre Hadid.png Milan 177.4 m (582 ft) 44 2017
45 Libeskind Tower Torre Libeskind - ottobre 2019.jpg Milan 175.5 m (576 ft) 34 2020
46 Tour D2 Paris 171 m (561 ft) 37 2014
47 Opernturm Opernturm.jpg Frankfurt 170 m (558 ft) 42 2010
Taunusturm[7] Frankfurt Taunusturm.20140417.jpg Frankfurt 170 m (558 ft) 40 2014
49 Tours Société Générale (Tour Alicante) ToursSocieteGenerale.jpg Paris 167 m (548 ft) 37 1995
Tours Société Générale (Tour Chassagne) ToursSocieteGenerale.jpg Paris 167 m (548 ft) 37 1995
Torre Intesa Sanpaolo[8] Intesa Sanpaolo Tower.jpg Turin 167 m (548 ft) 39 2014
52 Tour CB21 TourGan.jpg Paris 166 m (545 ft) 42 1974
Silberturm Silver Tower.jpg Frankfurt 166 m (545 ft) 32 1978
Tour Carpe Diem Paris 166 m (545 ft) 34 2013
54 Cosmopolitan Twarda 2/4[9] Cosmopolitan Twarda 2-4 from Próżna street, Warsaw.jpg Warsaw 165.4 m (543 ft) 46 2013
56 Tour Part-Dieu Tour Part-Dieu from Rue Du Lac.JPG Lyon 165 m (541 ft) 42 1977
Maastoren Rotterdam toren maastoren.jpg Rotterdam 165 m (541 ft) 44 2009
Torre Iberdrola Bilbao - Torre Iberdrola 07.JPG Bilbao 165 m (541 ft) 41 2011
59 InterContinental Warsaw InterContinental Warszawa.JPG Warsaw 164 m (538 ft) 45 2003
60 Post Tower Posttower Bonn 001.jpg Bonn 162 m (531 ft) 41 2002
60 Cœur Défense TourCoeurDefense.jpg Paris 161 m (528 ft) 40 2001
Palazzo Lombardia Milano, Palazzo Lombardia.jpg Milan 161 m (528 ft) 44 2010
63 Tour Alto[10] Paris 160 m (525 ft) 38 2020
64 Tribunal de Paris[11] Paris 159.7 m (524 ft) 38 2018
65 Westend Gate Westend Gate Frankfurt 2011-07.jpg Frankfurt 159 m (522 ft) 47 1976
65 Torre Lúgano[12] Lugano 1.PNG Benidorm 158 m (518 ft) 43 2007
New Orleans Rotterdam toren new orleans.jpg Rotterdam 158 m (518 ft) 43 2010
Torre Picasso Torre Picasso (Madrid) 10.jpg Madrid 156 m (512 ft) 43 1988
69 Deutsche Bank I Frankfurt Deutsche Bank Headquarters.20140221.jpg Frankfurt 155 m (509 ft) 40 1984
Deutsche Bank II Frankfurt Deutsche Bank Headquarters.20140221.jpg Frankfurt 155 m (509 ft) 38 1984
Torre Eurosky Eurosky Tower, Rome.jpg Rome 155 m (509 ft) 35 2012
Tour Egée TourEgee.jpg Paris 155 m (509 ft) 40 1999
Tour Adria Paris 155 m (509 ft) 40 2002
Marienturm[13] Marienturm Frankfurt 05-19.jpg Frankfurt 155 m (509 ft) 38 2019
75 Torre Mapfre Torre Mapfre.JPG Barcelona 154 m (505 ft) 40 1992
Hotel Arts Hotel Arts.jpg Barcelona 154 m (505 ft) 44 1994
Skyper Frankfurt Am Main-Skyper von Suedosten-20120309.jpg Frankfurt 154 m (505 ft) 38 2004
78 Tour Ariane TourAriane.jpg Paris 152 m (499 ft) 36 1975
Montevideo Rotterdam montevideotoren.jpg Rotterdam 152 m (499 ft) 43 2005
80 De Rotterdam[14] DeRotterdam.JPG Rotterdam 151.3 m (496 ft) 44 2013
81 Gebouw Delftse Poort I Rotterdam NationaleNederlanden.jpg Rotterdam 151 m (495 ft) 41 1991
Torre Pontina Torre Pontina.jpg Latina 151 m (495 ft) 37 2010
Tour Trinity North of Trinity tower building site in La Défense - 2019-08-19 Paris 151 m (495 ft) 33 2020
84 Tour Les Poissons Paris 150 m (492 ft) 42 1970
Rembrandt Tower Rembrandt toren vanuit het noordwesten.jpg Amsterdam 150 m (492 ft) 41 1992
Hochhaus Neue Donau[15] Hochhaus Neue Donau Wien.jpg Vienna 150 m (492 ft) 33 2002

Buildings by pinnacle height[edit]

Some skyscraper enthusiasts prefer this measurement, claiming that the extensions that can or cannot be deemed "architectural" are subjective. However, many non-architectural extensions (such as radio antennas) are easily added and removed from tall buildings without significantly changing the style and design of the building, which is seen as a significant part of the value of these buildings.

The list includes all skyscrapers of at least 180 metres (591 ft) tall. However the height data is subject to fluctuations due to simple changing of mast extensions. This list includes buildings under construction that have already been architecturally topped out.

bold †Denotes building with pinnacle height higher than architectural
Name City Height in m (ft) Floors Completed
Varso Tower Warsaw 310 m (1,017 ft) 53 2021
Commerzbank Tower Frankfurt 300 m (984 ft) 56 1997
Messeturm Frankfurt 256.5 m (842 ft) 55 1990
DC Towers Vienna 250 m (820 ft) 60 2013
Torre de Cristal Madrid 250 m (820 ft) 45 2007
Allianz Tower Milan 249 m (817 ft) 50 2014
Torre Cepsa Madrid 248.3 m (815 ft) 45 2008
Main Tower Frankfurt 240 m (787 ft) 55 1999
Palace of Culture and Science Warsaw 237 m (778 ft) 44 1955
Torre PwC Madrid 236 m (774 ft) 52 2007
Tour First Paris 231 m (758 ft) 56 2010
Unicredit Tower Milan 231 m (758 ft) 35 2011
Torre Espacio Madrid 230 m (755 ft) 57 2007
Warsaw Spire Warsaw 220 m (722 ft) 49 2016
European Central Bank Headquarters Frankfurt 217.3 m (713 ft) 45 2014
Sky Tower Wrocław 212 m (696 ft) 50 2012
Tour Montparnasse Paris 209 m (686 ft) 59 1972
Piedmont Region Headquarters[4] Turin 209 m (686 ft) 42 2017
Westendstrasse 1 Frankfurt 208 m (682 ft) 53 1993
Warsaw Trade Tower Warsaw 208 m (682 ft) 43 1999
Millennium Tower Vienna 202 m (663 ft) 51 1999
Tour Incity Lyon 202 m (663 ft) 39 2015
Tower 185 Frankfurt 200 m (656 ft) 51 2011
Intempo Benidorm 200 m (656 ft) 55 2014
Tour Majunga Paris 194 m (636 ft) 45 2014
Złota 44 Warsaw 192 m (630 ft) 54 2012
Generali Tower Milan 191.5 m (628 ft) 44 2017
Turning Torso Malmö 190 m (623 ft) 54 2005
Omniturm[16] Frankfurt 189.9 m (623 ft) 45 2019
Grand Tower†[17] Frankfurt 187 m (614 ft) 47 2019
Trianon Frankfurt 186 m (610 ft) 45 1993
Gran Hotel Bali Benidorm 186 m (610 ft) 52 2002
Tour GDF Suez Paris 185 m (607 ft) 37 2008
Tour Granite Paris 183 m (600 ft) 35 2008
Cajasol Tower Seville 180.5 m (592 ft) 40 2016
many lower buildings

Buildings under construction[edit]

This lists buildings that are under construction in European Union and are planned to rise at least 150 metres (492 ft). Approved or proposed buildings are not included in the table. Included are renders of the finished towers or images of the current construction sites.

Image Name City Metres Feet Floors Planned
completion
Karlatornets byggarbetsplats 2020.jpg Karlatornet Gothenburg 245 804 73 2022
Four Frankfurt 1 Frankfurt 228 748 59 2023
Hekla tower building site at La Défense - 2019-07-28.jpg Tour Hekla Paris 220 722 51 2022
Zalmhaven Toren Rotterdam 215 705 58 2021
Sky Fort Sofia 202 666 47 2022
ONE[18] Frankfurt 191 627 49 2022
TRILOGY 1[19][20] Limassol 190 623 39 2023
Tours DUO 25.11.20.jpg Tours Duo 1[21] Paris 180 591 39 2021
TRILOGY 2[citation needed] Limassol 175 574 37 2023
Four Frankfurt 2 Frankfurt 172 564 50 2023
One Limassol Limassol 170 558 37 2021
Eurovea Tower[22] Bratislava 168 552 46 2023
TRILOGY 3[citation needed] Limassol 165 541 36 2023
Skysawa[citation needed] Warsaw 155 508 36 2021

Timeline of the tallest buildings in the EU/EEC[edit]

The following is a timeline of the tallest buildings in the European Union (EU) and its direct predecessor, the European Economic Community (EEC) established in 1957.

Name
City
Years as tallest
Metres
Feet
Floors
Varso Tower Warsaw 2021–present 310 1,017 53
Commerzbank Tower Frankfurt 2020–2021 259 850 56
The Shard London 2011–2020 306[b] 1,004 73
Commerzbank Tower Frankfurt 1997–2011 259 850 56
Messeturm Frankfurt 1990–1997 257 843 55
Tour Montparnasse Paris 1972–1990 210 689 59
Tour du Midi / Zuidertoren Brussels 1966–1972 150 492 38
Pirelli Tower Milan 1958–1966 127 416 32

Note: Until 1990, the Palace of Culture and Science in Warsaw surpassed the height of the then tallest EU building; however, Poland did not become a member of the European Union until 2004. Also, Madrid buildings Edificio España and Torre de Madrid surpassed the height of the then tallest EU building until 1966, but Spain became a European Union member in 1986. Similarly in 2020 UK left EU and thus The Shard ceased to be tallest in EU.

See also[edit]

Footnotes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Height according to the official website of the Palace of Culture which claims that the additional 6-meter spire-antenna addition is an integral part of the spire[3]
  2. ^ Height according to Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat methodology, according to other sources the height is 309.6 m (1,016 ft)[23]
  1. ^ Bretan, Juliette (22 February 2021). "Warsaw skyscraper becomes EU's tallest building". Notes From Poland. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  2. ^ "Buildings in Europe, No Min. Year-No Max. Year". www.skyscrapercenter.com. Retrieved 4 August 2019.
  3. ^ "Information about the Palace (in Polish)". Retrieved 25 February 2021.
  4. ^ a b GmbH, Emporis. "La Muratella, Rome - 256356 - EMPORIS". Retrieved 26 December 2016.
  5. ^ "Omniturm". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  6. ^ "Grand Tower". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  7. ^ "TaunusTurm". Tishman Speyer.
  8. ^ "Grattacielo Intesa SanPaolo". UrbanFile. Archived from the original on 30 November 2010. Retrieved 1 May 2011.
  9. ^ "Cosmopolitan Twarda 2/4 Warszawa – inwestycja Tacit Development Polska". Urbanity.pl.
  10. ^ "Tour ALTO". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  11. ^ "Tribunal de Paris". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  12. ^ "Torre Lugano - The Skyscraper Center". Retrieved 26 December 2016.
  13. ^ "Marienturm". CTBUH Skyscraper Center. Retrieved 13 November 2020.
  14. ^ "De Rotterdam". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  15. ^ "Hochhaus Neue Donau". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  16. ^ "Omniturm". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  17. ^ "Grand Tower". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  18. ^ "ONE". CTBUH Skyscraper Center. Retrieved 13 November 2020.
  19. ^ "Trilogy Limassol Seafront West Tower". CTBUH Skyscraper Center. Retrieved 29 January 2021.
  20. ^ Trilogy West Tower at Emporis
  21. ^ "Tours DUO 1". CTBUH Skyscraper Center. Retrieved 13 November 2020.
  22. ^ "Eurovea Tower". CTBUH Skyscraper Center. Retrieved 13 November 2020.
  23. ^ "A Vertical City". Retrieved 26 December 2016.

Bibliography[edit]