List of tallest buildings in the European Union

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Tallest buildings in the European Union. Torre Bankia is now Torre Cepsa.

This list ranks the tallest buildings in the European Union that stand at least 140 metres (459 ft) tall, based on standard height measurement. This means that spires and other architectural details are included in the official height, but not antenna masts, as it is defined by the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Only habitable buildings are ranked, which excludes radio masts and towers, observation towers, cathedrals, steeples, chimneys and other tall architectural structures. Since 2011, the tallest building in the EU has been The Shard in London, United Kingdom, at 306 metres (1,004 feet).[a]

Existing buildings[edit]

Canary Wharf in London at night
City of London with currently the tallest building in the European Union The Shard
Skyline of Frankfurt in Germany
Skyline of La Défense in Paris
Skyline of Milan in Italy
Skyline of Warsaw in Poland

This list includes buildings under construction that have already been architecturally topped out. Architectural height is considered, so masts and other elements added after completion of building are not considered.

  Was the union's tallest building upon completion
  Was the country's tallest building upon completion
Rank Name Image City Height in m (ft)[1] Floors Year built
1 The Shard The Shard May 2015.jpg London 306 m (1,004 ft)[a] 73 2012
2 Commerzbank Tower Frankfurt Am Main-Commerzbank Tower-Ansicht vom Eisernen Steg.jpg Frankfurt 259 m (850 ft) 56 1997
3 Messeturm 01-01-2014 - Messeturm - trade fair tower - Frankfurt- Germany - 05.jpg Frankfurt 256.5 m (842 ft) 53 1990
4 Torre de Cristal Torre de Cristal (Madrid) 09a.jpg Madrid 249 m (817 ft) 52 2009
5 Torre Cepsa Torre Caja Madrid (CTBA) 10.jpg Madrid 248.3 m (815 ft) 45 2008
6 Palace of Culture and Science Pałac Kultury i Nauki, Warszawa 2.jpg Warsaw 237 m (778 ft)[b] 42 1955
7 Torre PwC Torre Sacyr Vallehermoso (Madrid) 05a.jpg Madrid 236 m (774 ft) 52 2008
One Canada Square London MMB S9 Canary Wharf.jpg London 236 m (774 ft) 50 1991
9 Tour First Tour First - La Defense - Inauguration 6 mai 2011.jpg Paris 231 m (758 ft) 52 2011
Unicredit Tower UniTower, Italy.jpeg Milan 231 m (758 ft) 35 2011
11 Heron Tower Heron Tower, Bishopsgate, London.JPG London 230 m (755 ft) 46 2010
12 Torre Espacio Torre Espacio (Madrid) 09a.jpg Madrid 224.2 m (736 ft) 57 2008
13 122 Leadenhall Street Leadenhall Building July 2013.JPG London 224 m (735 ft) 50 2013
14 DC Towers DC Tower 1 Vienna from SSW on 2013-09-24 perspective controlled.png Vienna 220 m (722 ft) 60 2013
Warsaw Spire Warsaw Spire 2019.jpg Warsaw 220 m (722 ft) 49 2016
16 Newfoundland Newfoundland Quay building.jpg London 219.8 m (721 ft) 60 2018
17 Sky Tower Skytowerulicaradosna.jpg Wrocław 212 m (696 ft) 50 2012
18 Allianz Tower Downtown Milan with Allianz Tower.jpg Milan 209 m (686 ft) 50 2014
19 Tour Montparnasse P1020879 Paris VI Rue de Rennes rwk.JPG Paris 209 m (686 ft) 59 1972
Piedmont Region Headquarters[4] GrattacieloPiemonte.jpg Turin 209 m (686 ft) 42 2017
21 Westendstraße 1 Kronenhochhaus.JPG Frankfurt 208 m (682 ft) 53 1993
Warsaw Trade Tower La "Warsaw Trade Tower".jpg Warsaw 208 m (682 ft) 43 1999
23 Millennium Tower Millennium Tower Vienna seen from across the Danube 2006-11-02 099.jpg Vienna 202 m (663 ft) 50 1999
24 25 Canada Square Citigroup London 392.JPG London 201 m (659 ft) 45 2001
25 Deansgate Square - South Tower Deansgate Square (geograph 5842598).jpg Manchester 200.5 m (658 ft) 65 2019
26 Main Tower Maintower Frankfurt.jpg Frankfurt 200 m (656 ft) 55 1999
Tower 185 Tower 185.jpg Frankfurt 200 m (656 ft) 55 2011
Intempo In Tempo enero 2015.jpg Benidorm 200 m (656 ft) 55 2014
Tour Incity Tour Incity.JPG Lyon 200 m (656 ft) 39 2015
30 8 Canada Square HSBC Tower.jpg London 199.5 m (655 ft) 45 2002
31 Tour Majunga La tour Majunga coté Puteaux février 2014 Paris 194 m (636 ft) 45 2014
32 Złota 44 Złota 44 2.jpg Warsaw 192 m (630 ft) 54 2012
33 The Scalpel The Scalpel, London, September 2017.jpg London 190.1 m (624 ft) 38 2018
34 Turning Torso Turningtorso2011.jpg Malmö 190 m (623 ft) 54 2005
35 Omniturm[5] Omniturm Frankfurt 02-19 B.jpg Frankfurt 189.9 m (623 ft) 45 2019
36 Trianon Trianon DEKA.JPG Frankfurt 186 m (610 ft) 45 1993
Gran Hotel Bali Gran bali.jpg Benidorm 186 m (610 ft) 52 2002
38 Tour GDF Suez Tour-T1.jpg Paris 185 m (607 ft) 37 2008
39 European Central Bank Headquarters Frankfurt EZB-Neubau.Osten.20140209.jpg Frankfurt 183.7 m (603 ft) 45 2014
40 Tower 42 Tower 42 looking north from Bishopsgate 2011-05-04.jpg London 183 m (600 ft) 47 1980
41 Tour Granite Paris 183 m (600 ft) 35 2008
42 St George Wharf Tower St Georges Wharf Tower 2013-09-26.jpg London 180.6 m (593 ft) 52 2014
43 Olivia Star Olivia Star.jpg Gdańsk 180.6 m (593 ft) 47 2016
44 Cajasol Tower Cajasol Tower, Seville Spain, 2014.jpg Seville 180.5 m (592 ft) 40 2016
45 30 St Mary Axe 30 St Mary Axe (The Gherkin of London).jpg London 179.8 m (590 ft) 41 2003
46 Tour Total Tour-Total.jpg Paris 179 m (587 ft) 48 1985
47 Tour Areva Areva1.jpg Paris 178 m (584 ft) 44 1974
48 Generali Tower Torre Hadid.jpg Milan 177.4 m (582 ft) 44 2017
49 Grand Tower[6] Frankfurt 172 m (564 ft) 47 2019
50 Tour D2 Tour D2 Octobre 2017.jpg Paris 171 m (561 ft) 37 2014
51 Opernturm Opernturm.jpg Frankfurt 170 m (558 ft) 42 2010
Taunusturm[7] Frankfurt Taunusturm.20140417.jpg Frankfurt 170 m (558 ft) 40 2014
53 Beetham Tower Beetham Tower from below.jpg Manchester 169 m (554 ft) 47 2006
54 Tours Société Générale (Tour Alicante) ToursSocieteGenerale.jpg Paris 167 m (548 ft) 37 1995
Tours Société Générale (Tour Chassagne) ToursSocieteGenerale.jpg Paris 167 m (548 ft) 37 1995
Torre Intesa Sanpaolo[8] Intesa Sanpaolo Tower.jpg Turin 167 m (548 ft) 39 2014
57 Tour CB21 TourGan.jpg Paris 166 m (545 ft) 42 1974
Silberturm Silver Tower.jpg Frankfurt 166 m (545 ft) 32 1978
Tour Carpe Diem Paris 166 m (545 ft) 34 2013
60 Tour Part-Dieu Tour Part-Dieu from Rue Du Lac.JPG Lyon 165 m (541 ft) 42 1977
Maastoren Rotterdam toren maastoren.jpg Rotterdam 165 m (541 ft) 44 2009
Torre Iberdrola Bilbao - Torre Iberdrola 07.JPG Bilbao 165 m (541 ft) 41 2011
1 Blackfriars One Blackfriars (26april2017).jpg London 165 m (541 ft) 52 2018
64 InterContinental Warsaw InterContinental Warszawa.JPG Warsaw 164 m (538 ft) 45 2003
65 Post Tower Posttower Bonn 001.jpg Bonn 162 m (531 ft) 41 2002
66 Principal Tower London June 7 2016 001 Principal Place Development Hackney (3) (27492026256).jpg London 161.3 m (529 ft) 50 2018
67 Cœur Défense TourCoeurDefense.jpg Paris 161 m (528 ft) 40 2001
Broadgate Tower Broadgate Tower.jpg London 161 m (528 ft) 33 2009
Palazzo Lombardia Palazzo Lombardia, Milan, Italy.jpg Milan 161 m (528 ft) 44 2010
70 Cosmopolitan Twarda 2/4[9] POL Warszawa Cosmopolitan 01 Warsaw 160 m (525 ft) 46 2013
20 Fenchurch Street Walkie-Talkie - Sept 2015.jpg London 160 m (525 ft) 36 2014
73 Tribunal de Paris[10] Paris 159.7 m (524 ft) 38 2018
74 Westend Gate Westend Gate Frankfurt 2011-07.jpg Frankfurt 159 m (522 ft) 47 1976
Rondo 1 Rondo 1 Warsaw 2016.jpg Warsaw 159 m (522 ft) 40 2006
Q22 Q22 Warszawa 2016.jpg Warsaw 159 m (522 ft) 47 2016
77 Torre Lúgano[11] Lugano 1.PNG Benidorm 158 m (518 ft) 43 2007
New Orleans Rotterdam toren new orleans.jpg Rotterdam 158 m (518 ft) 43 2010
Torre Picasso Torre Picasso (Madrid) 10.jpg Madrid 156 m (512 ft) 43 1988
One Churchill Place Canary Wharf - geograph.org.uk - 23058.jpg London 156 m (512 ft) 32 2004
81 Deutsche Bank I Frankfurt Deutsche Bank Headquarters.20140221.jpg Frankfurt 155 m (509 ft) 40 1984
Deutsche Bank II Frankfurt Deutsche Bank Headquarters.20140221.jpg Frankfurt 155 m (509 ft) 38 1984
Torre Eurosky Eurosky Tower, Rome.jpg Rome 155 m (509 ft) 35 2012
Tour Egée TourEgee.jpg Paris 155 m (509 ft) 40 1999
Tour Adria Paris 155 m (509 ft) 40 2002
Marienturm Frankfurt 155 m (509 ft) 38 2019
87 Torre Mapfre Torre Mapfre.JPG Barcelona 154 m (505 ft) 40 1992
Hotel Arts Hotel Arts.jpg Barcelona 154 m (505 ft) 44 1994
Skyper Frankfurt Am Main-Skyper von Suedosten-20120309.jpg Frankfurt 154 m (505 ft) 38 2004
90 25 Bank Street 25 Bank Street 2012.JPG London 153 m (502 ft) 33 2003
40 Bank Street 40 Bank Street Heron Quay London.jpg London 153 m (502 ft) 33 2003
92 Tour Ariane TourAriane.jpg Paris 152 m (499 ft) 36 1975
Montevideo Rotterdam montevideotoren.jpg Rotterdam 152 m (499 ft) 43 2005
94 Gebouw Delftse Poort I Rotterdam NationaleNederlanden.jpg Rotterdam 151 m (495 ft) 41 1991
Torre Pontina Torre Pontina.jpg Latina 151 m (495 ft) 37 2010
10 Upper Bank Street 10 Upper Bank Street London.jpg London 151 m (495 ft) 32 2003
97 South Bank Tower Sea Containers House, South Bank Tower, and OXO Tower - September 2015.jpg London 150.4 m (493 ft) 42 2016
98 Tour Les Poissons Tour poissons est 1.jpg Paris 150 m (492 ft) 42 1970
Rembrandt Tower Rembrandt toren vanuit het noordwesten.jpg Amsterdam 150 m (492 ft) 41 1992
Hochhaus Neue Donau[12] Hochhaus Neue Donau Wien.jpg Vienna 150 m (492 ft) 33 2002
101 Carrara Tower 250 City Road, London, under construction (26).jpg London 149.6 m (491 ft) 43 2018
102 Arena Tower Cropped image of Baltimore Tower - 30435639090 bf141ef3b1 o.jpg London 149.1 m (489 ft) 44 2017
103 Millennium Tower Rotterdam, Millenniumtoren.jpg Rotterdam 149 m (489 ft) 34 2000
De Rotterdam[13] DeRotterdam.JPG Rotterdam 151 m (495 ft) 44 2013
106 KölnTurm Koelnturm 20050129.jpg Cologne 148 m (486 ft) 43 2001
Tour EDF Tour edf.jpg Paris 148 m (486 ft) 41 2001
Neguri Gane[14] Neguri Gane.JPG Benidorm 148 m (486 ft) 40 2002
Europa Tower Europe tower.jpg Vilnius 148 m (486 ft) 39 2004
Eurotower Eurotower-ffm003.jpg Frankfurt 148 m (486 ft) 39 1977
Tour du Midi Tour du midi.jpg Brussels 148 m (486 ft) 38 1967
Strata SE1 Strata SE1 from Monument 2014.jpg London 148 m (486 ft) 43 2010
112 Pan Peninsula East Tower Pan Peninsula London.jpg London 147 m (482 ft) 48 2009
Colonia-Haus Colonia-Haus.jpg Cologne 147 m (482 ft) 42 1973
Atlantic Hotel Sail City[15] ATLANTIC Hotel SAIL City Bremerhaven.jpg Bremerhaven 147 m (482 ft) 21 2008
115 CMA CGM Tower Marseille 147 m (482 ft) 33 2010
Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations 3 skyscrapers The Hague.JPG The Hague 147 m (482 ft) 37 2012
Ministry of Justice and Security 3 skyscrapers The Hague.JPG The Hague 147 m (482 ft) 37 2012
118 Hochhaus Uptown München Uptown München, Múnich, Alemania 2012-04-28, DD 03.JPG Munich 146 m (479 ft) 38 2004
119 Tour des Finances FinanceTowerBrussel.jpg Brussels 145 m (476 ft) 36 1984
120 JenTower Das höchste Bürogebäude Ostdeutschlands - der fast 160m hohe Jentower.jpg Jena 144.5 m (474 ft) 29 1972
121 Deansgate Square West Tower Owen Street Tower 4 .jpg Manchester 144.1 m (473 ft) 44 2018
122 Tour Bretagne Nantes 2008 PD 61.JPG Nantes 144 m (472 ft) 37 1976
Warsaw Financial Center 342011 DSC0033.JPG Warsaw 144 m (472 ft) 35 1999
Torre Agbar Torre agbar barcelone.jpg Barcelona 144 m (472 ft) 33 2004
Sea Towers POL.Gdynia.SeaTowers.2009.2.jpg Gdynia 144 m (472 ft) 36 2009
125 Maine Tower[16] London 172 m (564 ft) 42 2019
127 Tour Dexia Paris 143 m (469 ft) 34 2005
Torre Solaria Torre Solaria, Milan, Italy.jpg Milan 143 m (469 ft) 37 2013
Tour Pleyel Tour pleyel.jpg Paris 143 m (469 ft) 38 1973
Guy's Hospital Guys hospital tower.jpg London 143 m (469 ft) 34 1974
Manhattan Loft Gardens Manhattan Loft Gardens, April 2018.jpg London 143 m (469 ft) 42 2017
132 Torre de Madrid Torre de Madrid - 02.jpg Madrid 142 m (466 ft) 37 1957
City-Hochhaus Leipzig Leipzig - Augustusplatz + City-Hochhaus 03 ies.jpg Leipzig 142 m (466 ft) 36 1972
City-Haus City-Haus-2008.jpg Frankfurt 142 m (466 ft) 42 1974
Frankfurter Büro Center FBC-von-Westen.jpg Frankfurt 142 m (466 ft) 40 1980
Hoftoren Hoftoren 1.jpg The Hague 142 m (466 ft) 30 2003
Westpoint Tower Tilburg westpoint2.jpg Tilburg 142 m (466 ft) 47 2004
UP-site[17] Bruxelles town hall tower from poelaertplein place.png Brussels 142 m (466 ft) 42 2014
139 New Babylon City Tower[18] Koningin Julianaplein met Nieuw Babylon.jpg The Hague 141.8 m (465 ft) 45 2013
140 Mennica Legacy Tower[19] Warsaw 141 m (463 ft) 38 2019
141 Centrum LIM Warsaw Marriott Hotel August 2010.JPG Warsaw 140 m (459 ft) 43 1989
Torre Diamante Torre Diamante.jpg Milan 140 m (459 ft) 32 2012
West Tower Westtowerlpool.jpg Liverpool 140 m (459 ft) 40 2008
Edificio Kronos Edificio Kronos.jpg Benidorm 140 m (459 ft) 41 2008
New Henninger Turm[20] Neuer-henningerturm-2017-ffm-2936.jpg Frankfurt 140 m (459 ft) 37 2017


Buildings by pinnacle height[edit]

Some skyscraper enthusiasts prefer this measurement, claiming that the extensions that can or cannot be deemed "architectural" are subjective. However, many non-architectural extensions (such as radio antennas) are easily added and removed from tall buildings without significantly changing the style and design of the building, which is seen as a significant part of the value of these buildings.

The list includes all skyscrapers of at least 180 metres (591 ft) tall. However the height data is subject to fluctuations due to simple changing of mast extensions. This list includes buildings under construction that have already been architecturally topped out.

bold †Denotes building with pinnacle height higher than architectural
Name City Height in m (ft) Floors Completed
The Shard London 306 m (1,004 ft)[a] 73 2012
22 Bishopsgate London 278.2 m (913 ft) 62 2019
Commerzbank Tower Frankfurt 300 m (984 ft) 56 1997
Messeturm Frankfurt 256.5 m (842 ft) 55 1990
DC Towers Vienna 250 m (820 ft) 60 2013
Torre de Cristal Madrid 250 m (820 ft) 45 2007
Allianz Tower Milan 249 m (817 ft) 50 2014
Torre Cepsa Madrid 248.3 m (815 ft) 45 2008
Main Tower Frankfurt 240 m (787 ft) 55 1999
Palace of Culture and Science Warsaw 237 m (778 ft) 43 1955
Torre PwC Madrid 236 m (774 ft) 52 2007
One Canada Square London 236 m (774 ft) 50 1991
Tour First Paris 231 m (758 ft) 56 2010
Unicredit Tower Milan 231 m (758 ft) 35 2011
Torre Espacio Madrid 230 m (755 ft) 57 2007
Heron Tower London 230 m (755 ft) 47 2010
122 Leadenhall Street London 224 m (735 ft) 50 2014
Warsaw Spire Warsaw 220 m (722 ft) 49 2016
Newfoundland London 219.8 m (721 ft) 60 2018
European Central Bank Headquarters Frankfurt 217.3 m (713 ft) 45 2014
Sky Tower Wrocław 212 m (696 ft) 50 2012
Tour Montparnasse Paris 209 m (686 ft) 59 1972
Piedmont Region Headquarters[4] Turin 209 m (686 ft) 42 2017
Westendstrasse 1 Frankfurt 208 m (682 ft) 53 1993
Warsaw Trade Tower Warsaw 208 m (682 ft) 43 1999
Millennium Tower Vienna 202 m (663 ft) 51 1999
Tour Incity Lyon 202 m (663 ft) 39 2015
25 Canada Square London 201 m (659 ft) 45 2001
Tower 185 Frankfurt 200 m (656 ft) 51 2011
Intempo Benidorm 200 m (656 ft) 55 2014
8 Canada Square London 199.5 m (655 ft) 45 2002
Tour Majunga Paris 194 m (636 ft) 45 2014
The Scalpel London 192.1 m (630 ft) 38 2018
Złota 44 Warsaw 192 m (630 ft) 54 2012
Generali Tower Milan 191.5 m (628 ft) 44 2017
Turning Torso Malmö 190 m (623 ft) 54 2005
Omniturm[21] Frankfurt 189.9 m (623 ft) 45 2019
Grand Tower†[22] Frankfurt 187 m (614 ft) 47 2019
Trianon Frankfurt 186 m (610 ft) 45 1993
Gran Hotel Bali Benidorm 186 m (610 ft) 52 2002
Tour GDF Suez Paris 185 m (607 ft) 37 2008
Tour Granite Paris 183 m (600 ft) 35 2008
Tower 42 London 182.9 m (600 ft) 47 1980
St George Wharf Tower London 180.6 m (593 ft) 52 2014
Cajasol Tower Seville 180.5 m (592 ft) 40 2016
many lower buildings

Buildings under construction[edit]

This lists buildings that are under construction in European Union and are planned to rise at least 140 metres (459 ft).Approved or proposed buildings are not included in the table. Included are renders of the finished towers or images of the current construction sites.

Image Name City Metres Feet Floors Planned
completion
Varso Tower Warsaw 310 1017 53 2020


Karlatornet Gothenburg 245 804 73 2021
Landmark Pinnacle London 233 764 75 2020
Hekla tower building site at La Défense - 2019-07-28.jpg Tour Hekla Paris 220 722 51 2022
South Quay Plaza London 215 705 60 2020
Zalmhaventoren Rotterdam 215 705 58 2021
One Park Drive London 205 673 57 2019
Spinnaker Office Tower Warsaw 203 666 46 2019
Sky Fort Sofia 202 666 47 2019
Skyliner Warsaw 195 640 50 2020
ONE Frankfurt 191 627 49 2020
TRILOGY 1 Limassol 190 623 39 2023
Wardian London (East Tower) London 187 614 55 2019
The Madison London 184 604 53 2019
Caleido Tower Madrid 181 603 33 2020
Generation Park, Warsaw.jpg Generation Park Warsaw 180 591 34 2019
Tour Duo 1 Paris 180 591 39 2020
Saint-Gobain tower building site at La Défense - 2019-08-11 Tour Saint-Gobain Paris 178 584 44 2019
Torre Libeskind - aprile 2019.jpg PwC Tower Milan 175 574 28 2020
TRILOGY 2 Limassol 175 574 37 2023
Limassol NEO Tower 1 Limassol 173 568 43 2024
Heron Tower, 100 Bishopsgate (under construction) and 99 Bishopsgate, City of London, 2017-10-27.jpg 100 Bishopsgate London 172 564 40 2019
One Limassol 170 558 37 2019
Wardian London (West Tower) London 168 552 50 2019
Eurovea Tower Bratislava 168 552 45 2023
TRILOGY 3 Limassol 165 541 36 2023
Port Praski Warsaw 160 525 ? 2022
Alto tower building site at La Défense - 2019-08-11 Tour Alto Paris 160 525 38 2020
Openville Timisoara 155 508 27 2019
North of Trinity tower building site in La Défense - 2019-08-19 Tour Trinity Paris 151 495 33 2019
10 Park Drive London 150 492 43 2019
Limassol NEO Tower 2 Limassol 148 486 38 2024
Liberty Tower Warsaw 140 459 42 2020
One Forty West Frankfurt 140 459 40 2019

Timeline of the tallest buildings in the EU/EEC[edit]

The following is a timeline of the tallest buildings in the European Union (EU) and its direct predecessor, the European Economic Community (EEC) established in 1957.

Name
City
Years as tallest
Metres
Feet
Floors
The Shard London 2011–present 306[a] 1,004 73
Commerzbank Tower Frankfurt 1997–2011 259 850 56
Messeturm Frankfurt 1990–1997 257 843 55
Tour Montparnasse Paris 1972–1990 210 689 59
Tour du Midi / Zuidertoren Brussels 1966–1972 150 492 38
Pirelli Tower Milan 1958–1966 127 416 32

Note: Until 1990, the Palace of Culture and Science in Warsaw surpassed the height of the then tallest EU building; however, Poland did not become a member of the European Union until 2004. Also, Madrid buildings Edificio España and Torre de Madrid also surpassed the height of the then tallest EU building until 1966, but Spain became a European Union member in 1986.

See also[edit]

Footnotes and references[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Height according to Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat methodology, according to other sources the height is 309.6 m (1,016 ft)[2]
  2. ^ Height according to the official website of the Palace of Culture which claims that the additional 6-meter spire-antenna addition is an integral part of the spire[3]
  1. ^ "Buildings in Europe, No Min. Year-No Max. Year". www.skyscrapercenter.com. Retrieved 4 August 2019.
  2. ^ "A Vertical City". Retrieved 26 December 2016.
  3. ^ "History of the Palace (in Polish)". Retrieved 4 August 2019.
  4. ^ a b GmbH, Emporis. "La Muratella, Rome - 256356 - EMPORIS". Retrieved 26 December 2016.
  5. ^ "Omniturm". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  6. ^ "Grand Tower". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  7. ^ "TaunusTurm". Tishman Speyer.
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 30 November 2010. Retrieved 1 May 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ "Cosmopolitan Twarda 2/4 Warszawa – inwestycja Tacit Development Polska". Urbanity.pl.
  10. ^ "Tribunal de Paris". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  11. ^ "Torre Lugano - The Skyscraper Center". Retrieved 26 December 2016.
  12. ^ "Hochhaus Neue Donau". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  13. ^ "De Rotterdam". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  14. ^ "Edificio Neguri Gane". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  15. ^ "Atlantic Hotel Sail City". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  16. ^ "Harbour Central-Maine Tower". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  17. ^ "UP-site". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  18. ^ "New Babylon City Tower". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  19. ^ "Mennica Legacy Tower". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  20. ^ "Henninger Turm Website". henninger-turm.com. Retrieved 15 October 2013.
  21. ^ "Omniturm". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  22. ^ "Grand Tower". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.

Bibliography[edit]