List of tallest buildings

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The 828-metre (2,717 ft) tall Burj Khalifa in Dubai has been the world's tallest building since 2008.[1] The Burj Khalifa has been classified as Megatall.[2]
Tallest buildings in the world.

This list of tallest buildings in the world ranks skyscrapers by height. Only buildings with continuously occupiable floors are included, thus non-building structures, including towers, are not included. (See List of tallest buildings and structures.)

Ranking criteria and alternatives[edit]

The international non-profit organization Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) was formed in 1969 and announces the title of "The World's Tallest Building" and sets the standards by which buildings are measured. It maintains a list of the 100 tallest completed buildings in the world.[3] The organization currently ranks Burj Khalifa in Dubai as the tallest at 828 m (2,717 ft).[3] The CTBUH only recognizes buildings that are complete, however, and some buildings listed within these list articles are not considered complete by the CTBUH.

In 1996, as a response to the dispute as to whether the Petronas Towers or the Sears Tower was taller,[4] the council listed and ranked buildings in four categories:

  • height to structural or architectural top;
  • height to floor of highest occupied floor;
  • height to top of roof (removed as category in November 2009);[5] and
  • height to top of any part of the building.

Spires are considered integral parts of the architectural design of buildings, to which changes would substantially change the appearance and design of the building, whereas antennas may be added or removed without such consequences. The Petronas Towers, with their spires, are thus ranked higher than the Willis Tower (formerly the Sears Tower) with its antennas, despite the Petronas Towers' lower roofs and lower highest point.

Until 1996, the world's tallest building was defined by the height to the top of the tallest architectural element, including spires but not antennae. This led to a rivalry between the Bank of Manhattan Building and the Chrysler Building. The Bank of Manhattan Building employed only a short spire and was 927 ft (283 m) tall and had a much higher top occupied floor (the second category in the 1996 criteria for tallest building). In contrast, the Chrysler Building employed a very large 125 ft (38 m) spire secretly assembled inside the building to claim the title of world's tallest building with a total height of 1,048 ft (319 m), although it had a lower top occupied floor and a shorter height when both buildings' spires were excluded.

Upset by Chrysler's victory, Shreve & Lamb, the consulting architects of the Bank of Manhattan Building, wrote a newspaper article claiming that their building was actually the tallest, since it contained the world's highest usable floor. They pointed out that the observation deck in the Bank of Manhattan Building was nearly 100 ft (30 m) above the top floor in the Chrysler Building, whose surpassing spire was strictly ornamental and inaccessible.[6]

At present, the Burj Khalifa tops the list by some margin, regardless of which criterion is applied.[7][8]

Tallest buildings in the world (300 m+)[edit]

As of 2016, this list includes all 133 buildings (completed and architecturally topped out) which reach a height of 300 metres (984 ft) or more as assessed by their highest architectural feature. Seven of the last eight buildings to have held the record as 'tallest building' are still found in the list, with the exception being the North Tower of the original World Trade Center after its destruction in the September 11 attacks of 2001.

bold Denotes building that was once tallest in the world
Rank Building[A][9] City Country Height (ft) Height (m)[3] Floors Built
1 Burj Khalifa Dubai  UAE 2,717 ft 828 m 163 2010
2 Shanghai Tower Shanghai  China 2,073 ft 632m[10] 128 2015
3 Abraj Al-Bait Clock Tower Mecca  Saudi Arabia 1,971 ft 601 m[11] 120 2012
4 Ping An Finance Centre Shenzhen  China 1,969 ft 600 m 115 2016[B]
5 Lotte World Tower Seoul  South Korea 1,823 ft 555 m 123 2016
6 One World Trade Center New York City  United States 1,776 ft 541 m 104 2014
7 CTF Finance Centre Guangzhou  China 1,740 ft 530 m[12] 111 2016[B]
8 Taipei 101 Taipei  Taiwan 1,670 ft 509 m[13] 101 2004
9 Shanghai World Financial Center Shanghai  China 1,614 ft 492 m 101 2008
10 International Commerce Centre Hong Kong  China 1,588 ft 484 m 118 2010
11 Petronas Tower 1 Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia 1,483 ft 452 m 88 1998
Petronas Tower 2 Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia 1,483 ft 452 m 88 1998
13 Zifeng Tower Nanjing  China 1,476 ft 450 m 89 2010
14 Willis Tower (formerly the Sears Tower) Chicago  United States 1,451 ft  442 m 108 1974
15 KK100 Shenzhen  China 1,449 ft 442 m 100 2011
16 Guangzhou International Finance Center Guangzhou  China 1,440 ft 440 m 103 2010
17 Wuhan Center Wuhan  China 1,437 ft 438 m 88 2016[B]
18 Marina 101 Dubai  UAE 1,399 ft 427 m 101 2015[B]
19 432 Park Avenue New York City  United States 1,397 ft 426 m 88 2015
20 Trump International Hotel and Tower[14] Chicago  United States 1,389 ft 423 m 98 2009
21 Jin Mao Tower Shanghai  China 1,380 ft 421 m 88 1999
22 Princess Tower Dubai  UAE 1,358 ft[15] 414 m 101 2012
23 Al Hamra Tower Kuwait City  Kuwait 1,354 ft 413 m 80 2011
24 Two International Finance Centre Hong Kong  China 1,352 ft 412 m 88 2003
25 23 Marina Dubai  UAE 1,296 ft 395 m 89 2012
26 CITIC Plaza Guangzhou  China 1,283 ft 391 m 80 1996
27 Capital Market Authority Headquarters Riyadh  Saudi Arabia 1,263 ft 385 m 77 2016
28 Shun Hing Square Shenzhen  China 1,260 ft 384 m 69 1996
29 Eton Place Dalian Tower 1 Dalian  China 1,257 ft 383 m 81 2015
30 Burj Mohammed bin Rashid Abu Dhabi  UAE 1,251 ft 381 m 88 2014
31 Empire State Building New York City  United States 1,250 ft 381 m 102 1931
32 Elite Residence Dubai  UAE 1,248 ft 381 m 87 2012
33 Central Plaza Hong Kong  China 1,227 ft 374 m 78 1992
Federation Tower (East Tower)[16] Moscow  Russia 1,227 ft 374 m 95 2015[B]
35 Dalian International Trade Center Dalian  China 1,214 ft 370 m 86 2016[B]
36 The Address the BLVD Dubai  UAE 1,207 ft 368 m 72 2016[B]
37 Bank of China Tower Hong Kong  China 1,205 ft 367 m 70 1990
38 Bank of America Tower New York City  United States 1,200 ft 366 m 54 2009
39 Almas Tower Dubai  UAE 1,191 ft 363 m 68 2009
40 JW Marriott Marquis Dubai Tower 1 Dubai  UAE 1,166 ft 355 m 82 2012
JW Marriott Marquis Dubai Tower 2 Dubai  UAE 1,166 ft 355 m 82 2012
42 Emirates Office Tower Dubai  UAE 1,163 ft 355 m 54 2000
43 OKO Tower - South Tower Moscow  Russia 1,160 ft 354 m 85 2015
44 The Marina Torch Dubai  UAE 1,155 ft 352 m 86 2011
45 Forum 66 Tower 2 Shenyang  China 1,152 ft 351 m 68 2015[B]
46 Keangnam Hanoi Landmark Tower Hanoi  Vietnam 1,150 ft 350 m 72 2011
The Pinnacle Guangzhou  China 1,150 ft 350 m 60 2012
48 Tuntex Sky Tower Kaohsiung  Taiwan 1,140 ft 347 m 85 1997
49 Aon Center Chicago  United States 1,136 ft 346 m 83 1973
50 The Center Hong Kong  China 1,135 ft 346 m 73 1998
51 John Hancock Center Chicago  United States 1,128 ft 344 m 100 1969
52 ADNOC Headquarters Abu Dhabi  UAE 1,122 ft 342 m 76 2015[B]
Ahmed Abdul Rahim Al Attar Tower Dubai  UAE 1,122 ft 342 m 76 2015[B]
54 Mercury City Tower Moscow  Russia 1,112 ft 339 m 75 2013
The Wharf Times Square Wuxi  China 1,112 ft 339 m 68 2014
Chongqing World Financial Center Chongqing  China 1,112 ft 339 m 78 2014
57 Tianjin Modern City Office Tower Tianjin  China 1,109 ft 338 m 65 2015
58 Tianjin World Financial Center Tianjin  China 1,105 ft 337 m 79 2010
59 Twin Towers Guiyang, East Tower Guiyang  China 1,099 ft 335 m 74 2017[B]
Twin Towers Guiyang, West Tower Guiyang  China 1,099 ft 335 m 74 2017[B]
Wilshire Grand Center Los Angeles  United States 1,099 ft 335 m 73 2016
62 Shimao International Plaza Shanghai  China 1,094 ft 333 m 61 2005
63 Rose Tower Dubai  UAE 1,093 ft 333 m 72 2007
64 Minsheng Bank Building Wuhan  China 1,087 ft 331 m 68 2008
65 China World Trade Center Tower 3 Beijing  China 1,083 ft 330 m 74 2009
Ryugyong Hotel Pyongyang  North Korea 1,083 ft 330 m 105 1992[C]
Zhuhai St. Regis Hotel & Office Tower Zhuhai  China 1,083 ft 330 m 67 2017[B]
Yuexiu Fortune Center Tower 1 Wuhan  China 1,083 ft 330 m 66 2017[B]
69 Hon Kwok City Center Shenzhen  China 1,081 ft 329 m 80 2015
70 Al Yaqoub Tower Dubai  UAE 1,076 ft 328 m 69 2013
Longxi International Hotel Huaxi Village  China 1,076 ft 328 m 72 2011
Wuxi Suning Plaza 1 Wuxi  China 1,076 ft 328 m 68 2014
73 The Index Dubai  UAE 1,070 ft 326 m 80 2010
74 Guangxi Finance Plaza Nanning  China 1,066 ft 325 m 68 2016[B]
75 The Landmark Abu Dhabi  UAE 1,063 ft 324 m 72 2012
Deji Plaza Phase 2 Nanjing  China 1,063 ft 324 m 62 2013
77 Yantai Shimao No.1 The Harbour Yantai  China 1,060 ft 323 m 59 2015[B]
78 Q1 Gold Coast  Australia 1,058 ft 323 m 80 2005
79 Wenzhou World Trade Center Wenzhou  China 1,056 ft 322 m 68 2010
80 Burj Al Arab Dubai  UAE 1,053 ft 321 m 60 1999
81 Nina Tower Hong Kong  China 1,051 ft 320 m 80 2007
82 Sinar Mas Center 1 Shanghai  China 1,048 ft 320 m 66 2016[B]
83 Chrysler Building New York City  United States 1,046 ft 319 m 77 1930
Global City Square[17] Guangzhou  China 1,046 ft 319 m 67 2015[B]
New York Times Building New York City  United States 1,046 ft 319 m 52 2007
86 HHHR Tower Dubai  UAE 1,042 ft 317 m 72 2010
87 Chongqing IFS T1 Chongqing  China 1,037 ft 316 m 65 2016[B]
88 Nanjing International Youth Cultural Centre Tower 1[18] Nanjing  China 1,032 ft 315 m 68 2015
Changsha IFS Tower T2 Changsha  China 1,032 ft 315 m 65 2017[B]
90 MahaNakhon Bangkok  Thailand 1,031 ft 314 m 75 2016[B]
91 Bank of America Plaza Atlanta  United States 1,024 ft 312 m 55 1992
92 Moi Center Shenyang  China 1,020 ft 311 m 75 2012
93 U.S. Bank Tower Los Angeles  United States 1,018 ft 310 m 73 1989
94 Menara Telekom Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia 1,017 ft 310 m 55 2001
Ocean Heights Dubai  UAE 1,017 ft 310 m 82 2010
96 Pearl River Tower Guangzhou  China 1,016 ft 310 m 71 2013
97 Fortune Center Guangzhou  China 1,015 ft 309 m 68 2015
98 Jumeirah Emirates Towers Hotel Dubai  UAE 1,014 ft 309 m 56 2000
99 Stalnaya Vershina Moscow  Russia 1,013 ft 309 m 72 2015
100 Burj Rafal Riyadh  Saudi Arabia 1,010 ft 308 m 68 2013
101 Wanda Plaza 1[19] Kunming  China 1,008 ft 307 m 70 2016[B]
Wanda Plaza 2[20] Kunming  China 1,008 ft 307 m 70 2016[B]
103 Franklin Center Chicago  United States 1,007 ft 307 m 60 1989
104 Cayan Tower Dubai  UAE 1,005 ft 306 m 76 2013
105 East Pacific Center Tower A Shenzhen  China 1,004 ft 306 m 85 2012
The Shard London  United Kingdom 1,004 ft 306 m 73 2012
One57 New York City  United States 1,004 ft 306 m 75 2013
108 JPMorgan Chase Tower Houston  United States 1,002 ft 305 m 75 1982
Etihad Tower 2[21][22] Abu Dhabi  UAE 1,002 ft 305 m 79 2011
110 Northeast Asia Trade Tower Incheon  South Korea 1,001 ft 305 m 68 2010
111 Baiyoke Tower II Bangkok  Thailand 997 ft 304 m 85 1997
Wuxi Maoye City - Marriott Hotel Wuxi  China 997 ft 304 m 68 2014
Shenzhen CFC Changfu Centre Shenzhen  China 997 ft 304 m 68 2016
114 Two Prudential Plaza Chicago  United States 995 ft 303 m 64 1990
115 Diwang International Fortune Center Liuzhou  China 994 ft 303 m 75 2015[B]
KAFD World Trade Center[23] Riyadh  Saudi Arabia 994 ft 303 m 67 2015[B]
Jiangxi Nanchang Greenland Central Plaza 1[24] Nanchang  China 994 ft 303 m 59 2015
Jiangxi Nanchang Greenland Central Plaza 2[25] Nanchang  China 994 ft 303 m 59 2015
Greenland Puli Center[26] Jinan  China 994 ft 303 m 60 2015
120 Leatop Plaza Guangzhou  China 993 ft 303 m 65 2011
121 Wells Fargo Plaza Houston  United States 992 ft 302 m 71 1983
Kingdom Centre Riyadh  Saudi Arabia 992 ft 302 m 41 2002
123 The Address Downtown Burj Khalifa Dubai  UAE 991 ft 302 m 63 2008
124 Gate of the Orient Suzhou  China 990 ft 302 m 68 2015
125 Moscow Tower Moscow  Russia 989 ft 302 m 76 2010
126 We've the Zenith Tower A Busan  South Korea 984 ft 301 m 80 2011
Shenzhen Zhongzhou Holdings Financial Center Tower A Shenzhen  China 984 ft 301 m 61 2014
Huachuang International Plaza[27] Changsha  China 984 ft 301 m 66 2017[B]
129 Gran Torre Santiago Santiago  Chile 984 ft 300 m 62 2012
Abeno Harukas Osaka  Japan 984 ft 300 m 60 2014
Commerzbank Tower Frankfurt  Germany 984 ft 300 m 56 1997
Arraya 2 Kuwait City  Kuwait 984 ft 300 m 60 2009
Aspire Tower Doha  Qatar 984 ft 300 m 36 2007

Countries with the most entries in the list[edit]

The countries with three or more entries in the above list of 133 buildings are:

Country Number
of buildings
Percent
of total
China 60 45%
United Arab Emirates 25 19%
United States 18 14%
Russia 5 4%
Saudi Arabia 5 4%
Malaysia 3 2%
South Korea 3 2%
Others 14 10%
Total 133 100%

The count for China includes six in Hong Kong and, with the exception of a dozen buildings, all are relatively new, having been completed in and after 2010. Worldwide, as there are plans in the next few years for more than 70 buildings in the same height range (including about 40 in China), then the list should have a total of about 200 buildings by the year 2020.

Photo gallery[edit]

Alternative measurements[edit]

Height to pinnacle (highest point)[edit]

Tallest buildings by pinnacle height, including all masts, poles, antennae, etc. in 2014.

This measurement disregards distinctions between architectural and non-architectural extensions, and simply measures to the highest point. This measurement is useful for air traffic obstacle determinations, and is also a wholly objective measure. However, this measurement includes extensions that are easily added, removed, and modified from a building and are independent of the overall structure.

This measurement only recently came to use, when the Petronas Towers passed the Sears Tower (now called Willis Tower) in height. The former was considered taller because its spires were considered architectural, while the latter's antennae were not. This led to the split of definitions, with the Sears Tower claiming the lead in this and the height-to-roof (now highest occupied floor) categories, and with the Petronas claiming the lead in the architectural height category.

bold †Denotes building with pinnacle height higher than architectural
Rank Building City Country/region Height Floors Built
1 Burj Khalifa Dubai  UAE 829.8 m 2,722 ft 163 2010
2 Shanghai Tower Shanghai  China 632 m 2,073 ft 128 2015
3 Abraj Al-Bait Towers Mecca  Saudi Arabia 601 m[11] 1,971 ft 120 2012
4 Ping An Finance Center Shenzhen  China 599 m 1,965 ft 115 2016
5 Lotte World Tower Seoul  South Korea 555 m 1,823 ft 123 2016
6 One World Trade Center New York City  United States 546.2 m 1,792 ft 104 2014
7 Willis Tower Chicago  United States 527 m 1,729 ft 108 1974
8 Taipei 101 Taipei  Taiwan 509 m 1,669 ft 101 2004
9 Shanghai World Financial Center Shanghai  China 494.4 m 1,614 ft 101 2008
10 International Commerce Centre Hong Kong  China 484 m 1,588 ft 118 2010
11 John Hancock Center Chicago  United States 457.2 m 1,500 ft 100 1969
12 Petronas Tower 1 Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia 452 m 1,483 ft 88 1998
12 Petronas Tower 2 Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia 452 m 1,483 ft 88 1998
14 Zifeng Tower Nanjing  China 450 m 1,476 ft 89 2009
15 Empire State Building New York City  United States 443.2 m 1,454 ft 102 1931
16 Kingkey 100 Shenzhen  China 442 m 1,449 ft 100 2011
17 Guangzhou International Finance Center Guangzhou  China 440.5 m 1,445 ft 103 2009
18 432 Park Avenue New York City  United States 426 m 1,396 ft 85 2015
19 Trump International Hotel and Tower Chicago  United States 423.4 m 1,389 ft 96 2009
20 Jin Mao Tower Shanghai  China 421 m 1,381 ft 88 1998
21 Princess Tower Dubai  UAE 414 m 1,358 ft[15] 101 2012
22 Al Hamra Tower Kuwait City  Kuwait 412.6 m 1,354 ft 80 2010
23 Two International Finance Centre Hong Kong  China 412 m 1,352 ft 88 2003
24 23 Marina Dubai  UAE 395 m 1,296 ft 89 2012
25 CITIC Plaza Guangzhou  China 391 m 1,283 ft 80 1997
26 Shun Hing Square Shenzhen  China 384 m 1,260 ft 69 1996
27 Eton Place Dalian Tower 1 Dalian  China 383.1 m 1,257 ft 81 2015
28 Burj Mohammed bin Rashid Abu Dhabi  UAE 381.2 m 1,251 ft 88 2014
29 Elite Residence Dubai  UAE 380.5 m 1,248 ft 87 2012
30 Tuntex Sky Tower Kaohsiung  Taiwan 378 m 1,240 ft 85 1997
31 Central Plaza Hong Kong  China 374 m 1,227 ft 78 1992
32 Bank of China Tower Hong Kong  China 367.4 m 1,205 ft 72 1990
33 Bank of America Tower New York City  United States 365.8 m 1,200 ft 54 2008
34 Almas Tower Dubai  UAE 363 m 1,191 ft 68 2008
35 Aon Center Chicago  United States 362.5 m 1,189 ft 83 1973
36 SEG Plaza Shenzhen  China 355.8 m 1,167 ft 70 2000
37 Emirates Park Tower 1 Dubai  UAE 355.4 m 1,166 ft 77 2010
38 Emirates Park Tower 2 Dubai  UAE 355.4 m 1,166 ft 77 2010
39 First Canadian Place Toronto  Canada 355 m 1,165 ft 72 1975
40 Emirates Office Tower Dubai  UAE 354.6 m 1,163 ft 56 2000
41 OKO Tower - South Tower Moscow  Russia 354.1 m 1,160 ft 85 2015
42 The Marina Torch Dubai  UAE 352 m 1,155 ft 86 2011
43 Forum 66 Tower 2 Shenyang  China 350.6 m 1,150 ft 68 2015
44 The Pinnacle Guangzhou  China 350.3 m 1,149 ft 60 2012
45 Keangnam Hanoi Landmark Tower Hanoi  Vietnam 349 m 1,145 ft 72 2012
46 The Center Hong Kong  China 346 m 1,135 ft 73 1998
47 ADNOC Headquarters Abu Dhabi  UAE 342 m 1,122 ft 76 2015
48 Ahmed Abdul Rahim Al Attar Tower Dubai  UAE 342 m 1,122 ft 76 2010
49 Conde Nast Building New York City  United States 340.7 m 1,118 ft 48 1999
50 The Wharf Times Square Wuxi  China 339 m 1,112 ft 68 2014
49 Chongqing World Financial Center Chongqing  China 338.9 m 1,112 ft 78 2014
50 Mercury City Tower Moscow  Russia 338.8 m 1,112 ft 75 2012
51 Tianjin World Financial Center Tianjin  China 336.9 m 1,105 ft 79 2010
52 Shanghai Shimao International Plaza Shanghai  China 333 m 1,094 ft 60 2005
53 Rose Tower Dubai  UAE 333 m 1,093 ft 72 2008
54 Modern Media Center Changzhou  China 333 m 1,093 ft 57 2013
55 Minsheng Bank Building Wuhan  China 331 m 1,086 ft 68 2007
56 Ryugyong Hotel Pyongyang  North Korea 330 m 1,083 ft 105 1992[C]
57 China World Trade Center Tower 3 Beijing  China 330 m 1,083 ft 74 2008
58 Baiyoke Tower II Bangkok  Thailand 328.4 m 1,077 ft 85 1997
59 Wuxi Suning Plaza 1 Wuxi  China 328 m 1,076 ft 68 2014
60 Al Yaqoub Tower Dubai  UAE 328 m 1,076 ft 72 2010
61 Hanging Village of Huaxi Huaxi Village  China 328 m 1,076 ft 72 2011
62 The Index Dubai  UAE 326 m 1,070 ft 80 2009
63 The Landmark Abu Dhabi  UAE 324 m 1,072 ft 72 2010
64 Deji Plaza Phase 2 Nanjing  China 324 m 1,063 ft 62 2013
65 Q1 Gold Coast  Australia 322.5 m 1,058 ft 78 2005
66 Wenzhou World Trade Center Wenzhou  China 322 m 1,056 ft 68 2010
67 Burj Al Arab Dubai  UAE 321 m 1,053 ft 60 1999
68 Nina Tower Hong Kong  China 320.4 m 1,051 ft 80 2007
69 Chrysler Building New York City  United States 318.9 m 1,046 ft 77 1930
70 New York Times Building New York City  United States 318.9 m 1,046 ft 52 2007
71 HHHR Tower Dubai  UAE 317.8 m 1,042 ft 72 2010
72 Bank of America Plaza Atlanta  United States 317.8 m 1,042 ft 55 1992
73 U.S. Bank Tower Los Angeles  United States 310.3 m 1,018 ft 73 1989
74 Ocean Heights Dubai  UAE 310 m 1,017 ft 82 2010
75 Menara Telekom Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia 310 m 1,017 ft 55 2001
76 Sky Tower Abu Dhabi  UAE 310 m 1,017 ft 74 2010
77 Pearl River Tower Guangzhou  China 310 m 1,016 ft 71 2012
78 The Shard London  UK 309.6 m 1,016 ft 95 2012
79 Jumeirah Emirates Towers Hotel Dubai  UAE 309 m 1,014 ft 56 2000
80 AT&T Corporate Center Chicago  United States 307 m 1,007 ft 60 2001
81 The Address Downtown Burj Khalifa Dubai  UAE 306 m 1,004 ft 63 2008
82 JPMorganChase Tower Houston  United States 305.4 m 1,002 ft 75 1982
83 Etihad Tower 2[21][22] Abu Dhabi  UAE 305.4 m 1,002 ft 79 2011
84 Northeast Asia Trade Tower Incheon  South Korea 305.1 m 1,001 ft 68 2010
85 Two Prudential Plaza Chicago  United States 303.3 m 995 ft 64 1990
86 Leatop Plaza Guangzhou  China 302.7 m 993 ft 65 2012
87 Wells Fargo Plaza Houston  United States 302.4 m 992 ft 71 1983
88 One Shell Plaza Houston  United States 302.4 m 992 ft 50 1971
89 Kingdom Centre Riyadh  Saudi Arabia 302 m 991 ft 41 2002
90 Moscow Tower Moscow  Russia 302 m 989 ft 76 2010
91 We've the Zenith Busan  South Korea 301 m 988 ft 80 2011
92 Commerzbank Tower Frankfurt  Germany 300.1 m 985 ft 53 1997
93 Aspire Tower Doha  Qatar 300 m 984 ft 36 2007
94 Arraya 2 Kuwait City  Kuwait 300 m 984 ft 60 2009

Buildings under construction[edit]

This is a list of 86 buildings taller than 300 metres or 65 floors that are currently under construction. Nearly half (or 40) are in China.

Building Planned pinnacle height Planned roof height Floors Planned completion Country/region City Remarks
Jeddah Tower 1,008 m (3,307 ft) 960 m (3,150 ft) 167+ 2019  Saudi Arabia Jeddah Will become the tallest in the world upon completion.[28]
Suzhou Zhongnan Center 729 m (2,392 ft) 137 2020  China Suzhou [29]
Wuhan Greenland Center 636 m (2,087 ft) 575 m (1,886 ft) 125 2018  China Wuhan
KL118 630 m (2,070 ft) 500 m (1,600 ft) 118 2019  Malaysia Kuala Lumpur
Goldin Finance 117 597 m (1,959 ft) 117 2017  China Tianjin
Baoneng Shenyang Global Financial Center 565 m (1,854 ft) 114 2018  China Shenyang
Tianjin Chow Tai Fook Binhai Center 530 m (1,740 ft) 530 m (1,740 ft) 98 2018  China Tianjin
China Zun 528 m (1,732 ft) 528 m (1,732 ft) 108 2017  China Beijing
Entisar Tower 520 m (1,710 ft) 520 m (1,710 ft) 111 2020  UAE Dubai [30]
Dalian Greenland Center 518 m (1,699 ft) 518 m (1,699 ft) 88 2018[31]  China Dalian
Central Park Tower 478 m (1,568 ft) 131 2019  United States New York City Will become the second tallest building in New York. Also known as the Nordstrom Tower.
Chengdu Greenland Tower 468 m (1,535 ft) 101 2018  China Chengdu
International Commerce Center 1 468 m (1,535 ft) 430 m (1,410 ft) 99 2019[32]  China Chongqing
Lakhta Center 462 m (1,516 ft) 86 2018  Russia St. Petersburg Will become tallest building in Europe upon completion.[33]
Landmark 81 461.5 m (1,514 ft) 81 2018  Vietnam Ho Chi Minh City
Changsha IFS Tower T1 452 m (1,483 ft) 88 2017  China Changsha [34]
Suzhou IFS 452 m (1,483 ft) 92 2017  China Suzhou
Marina 106 445 m (1,460 ft) 104 2019  UAE Dubai
China Resources Centre Block A 445 m (1,460 ft) 90 2018  China Nanning [35]
World One 442 m (1,450 ft) 442 m (1,450 ft) 117 2017  India Mumbai Will become tallest residential skyscraper in the world if completed before Pentominium.[36][37][38][39][40][41]
111 West 57th Street 438 m (1,437 ft) 408.7 m (1,341 ft) 82 2018  United States New York City Scheduled to be world's skinniest skyscraper "with a slenderness ratio of about 1:24."[42]
Riverview Plaza 436 m (1,430 ft) 73 2018  China Wuhan
Akhmat Tower 435 m (1,427 ft) 108 2020  Russia Grozny It will be the second tallest building in Europe upon completetion
Haikou Tower 428 m (1,404 ft) 94 2020  China Haikou
Dongguan International Trade Center 1 427 m (1,401 ft) 88 2019  China Dongguan
Haeundae LCT The Sharp Landmark Tower 411.6 m (1,350 ft) 411.6 m (1,350 ft) 101 2018  South Korea Busan
China Resources Headquarters 393 m (1,289 ft) 67 2018  China Shenzhen
Shum Yip Upperhills Tower 1 388 m (1,273 ft) 80 2019  China Shenzhen
30 Hudson Yards 387 m (1,270 ft) 73 2019  United States New York City
Logan Century 386 m (1,266 ft) 82 2017  China Nanning
Abu Dhabi Plaza 382 m (1,253 ft) 75 2017  Kazakhstan Astana
Gemdale Gangxia Tower 1 375.5 m (1,232 ft) 80 2018  China Shenzhen
Three Sixty West Tower B 372 m (1,220 ft)[43] 85 2017  India Mumbai
Golden Eagle Tiandi Tower A 368 m (1,207 ft) 76 2018  China Nanjing
VietinBank Business Center Office Tower 363 m (1,191 ft) 321 m (1,053 ft) 70 2018  Vietnam Hanoi
Wanda Vista 361 m (1,184 ft) 93 2020  United States Chicago
Greenland Group Suzhou Center 358 m (1,175 ft) 75 2018  China Suzhou [44]
Hanking Center 350 m (1,150 ft) 65 2018  China Shenzhen [45]
Gezhouba International Plaza 350 m (1,150 ft) 69 2017  China Wuhan
Spring City 66 349 m (1,145 ft) 61 2018  China Kunming [46]
Shimao Hunan Center 347 m (1,138 ft) ?? 2018  China Changsha
Four Season Place 343 m (1,125 ft) 343 m (1,125 ft) 65 2018  Malaysia Kuala Lumpur
Comcast Innovation and Technology Center 342 m (1,122 ft) 60 2018  United States Philadelphia Will become the tallest building in the United States outside New York and Chicago.
Xiamen International Center 339 m (1,112 ft) 339.88 m (1,115.1 ft) 81 2016  China Xiamen [47]
Haeundae LCT The Sharp Residential Tower A 339.1 m (1,113 ft) 339.1 m (1,113 ft) 85 2018  South Korea Busan
One Shenzhen Bay 338 m (1,109 ft) 80 2018  China Shenzhen
Tianjin Modern City Office Tower 338 m (1,109 ft) 65 2016  China Tianjin
Neva towers 337 m (1,106 ft) 337 m (1,106 ft) 77 2019  Russia Moscow
Wilshire Grand Tower 335 m (1,099 ft) 285 m (935 ft) 73 2017  United States Los Angeles Tallest building in the United States outside of New York and Chicago.
DAMAC Heights 335 m (1,099 ft) 335 m (1,099 ft) 85 2016  UAE Dubai
Haeundae LCT The Sharp Residential Tower B 333.1 m (1,093 ft) 333.1 m (1,093 ft) 85 2018  South Korea Busan
Jinan Center Financial City 333 m (1,093 ft) ?? ?  China Jinan
Mandarin Oriental Chengdu 333 m (1,093 ft) 88 2017  China Chengdu
Changsha A9 Financial District 330 m (1,080 ft) 68 2019  China Changsha
Suning Plaza Tower 1 330 m (1,080 ft) 330 m (1,080 ft) 77 2016  China Zhenjiang
Wuhan Yangtze River Shipping Center 330 m (1,080 ft) 65 2018  China Wuhan
Three World Trade Center 329 m (1,079 ft) 80 2018  United States New York City Also known as 175 Greenwich Street[48]
Concord International Centre 328 m (1,076 ft) 62 2016  China Chongqing
Golden Eagle Tiandi Tower B 328 m (1,076 ft) 68 2018  China Nanjing
Nanjing World Trade Center Tower 1 328 m (1,076 ft) 328 m (1,076 ft) 69 2019  China Nanjing
Baoneng Center 327 m (1,073 ft) 65 2018  China Shenzhen
Salesforce Tower 326 m (1,070 ft) 278 m (912 ft) 61 2018  United States San Francisco Formerly Transbay Tower. Will become tallest building in San Francisco.
Hermitage Plaza I 323 m (1,060 ft) 323 m (1,060 ft) 93 2021  France Paris Will be the tallest twin buildings in Europe upon completetion.
Hermitage Plaza II 323 m (1,060 ft) 323 m (1,060 ft) 93 2021  France Paris Will be the tallest twin buildings in Europe upon completetion.
Gate of Taipei 322.2 m (1,057 ft) 322.2 m (1,057 ft) 76 2017  Taiwan Taipei
Lamar Tower 1 322 m (1,056 ft) 70 2018  Saudi Arabia Jeddah
Palais Royale Mumbai 320 m (1,050 ft) 320 m (1,050 ft) 88 2017  India Mumbai Structurally "topped out" but not architecturally yet. Will become the tallest building in India, if completed before World One.[49]
53W53 320 m (1,050 ft) 320 m (1,050 ft) 82 2018  United States New York City Also known as the MoMA Expansion Tower and Tower Verre.
Guangxi Jiuzhou International Building 318 m (1,043 ft) 302 m (991 ft) 71 2017  China Nanning
Australia 108 317 m (1,040 ft) 100 2020  Australia Melbourne Will become second tallest building in Australia, and the tallest building in Melbourne.
Magnolias Waterfront Residences Tower 1 2 315 m (1,033 ft) 70 2019  Thailand Bangkok May become the tallest building in Thailand in 2019
Chmielna Business Center 310 m (1,020 ft) 2019  Poland Warsaw May be the tallest building in European Union upon completetion.
Lokhandwala Minerva 307 m (1,007 ft) 307 m (1,007 ft) 82 2017  India Mumbai Residential[50][51][52]
Fuya International Financial Center 303 m (994 ft) 70 2018  United States Las Vegas May becoming the tallest building in Nevada
Brys Buzz 300 m
(984 ft)
82 2017  India Greater Noida [53]
Century Textiles Office Tower 300 m
(984 ft)
59 2019  India Mumbai [54][55]
Supernova Spira 300 m (980 ft) 80 2017  India Noida
Omkar 1973 Worli Tower 1 300 m (980 ft) 78 2016  India Mumbai [56]
Omkar 1973 Worli Tower 2 300 m (980 ft) 77 2016  India Mumbai [56]
Omkar Alta Monte Tower D 300 m (980 ft) 73 2016  India Mumbai
Shenglong Global Center 300 m (980 ft) 57 2017  China Fuzhou
Jin Wan Plaza 1 300 m (980 ft) 300 m (980 ft) 66 2017  China Tianjin [57]

List by continent[edit]

The following list shows the tallest completed buildings located in each continent listed by greatest to least height:

Continent Building Height Floor count Completed Country City
Asia Burj Khalifa 828 m (2,717 ft) 160 2010  United Arab Emirates Dubai
Europe Federation Tower 374 m (1,227 ft) 101 2015  Russia Moscow
North America One World Trade Center 541.3 m (1,776 ft) 104 2013  United States New York City
Oceania Q1 323 m (1,060 ft) 78 2005  Australia Gold Coast
South America Gran Torre Santiago[58] 300 m (980 ft) 64 2012  Chile Santiago
Africa Carlton Centre 223 m (732 ft) 50 1973  South Africa Johannesburg
Antarctica Long Duration Balloon (LDB) Payload Preparation Buildings[59] 15 m (49 ft) - 2005[60]  Antarctica McMurdo Station

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

A. ^ Destroyed buildings not included
B. ^ Topped out but not completed.
C. ^ Topped out in 1992, when construction was halted. Work was restarted in 2008, exterior work completed in 2011; interior work still ongoing.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Burj Dubai now a record 688m tall and continues to rise". Emaar Properties. 1 September 2008. Retrieved 1 September 2008. 
  2. ^ "The Tallest 20 in 2020: Entering the Era of the Megatall". CTBUH. 8 December 2011. Retrieved 19 October 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c "100 tallest completed buildings in the world". CTBUH. Retrieved 27 April 2012. 
  4. ^ Lynn S. Beedle. "Tallest: Petronas vs. Sears Tower Controversy". Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Retrieved 2014-08-24. 
  5. ^ "CTBUH changes height criteria, Burj Khalifa height increases". Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. 17 November 2009. Retrieved 18 November 2009. 
  6. ^ Binders, George (August 2006). 101 of the World's Tallest Buildings. p. 102.
  7. ^ "Tall Buildings In Numbers Vanity Height". Ctbuh.org. Retrieved 2013-09-21. 
  8. ^ "Most of the World's Tallest Buildings Game the System With 'Vanity Height' - Jenny Xie". The Atlantic Cities. 2013-09-09. Retrieved 2013-09-21. 
  9. ^ Adapted from Emporis - World's Tallest Skyscrapers
  10. ^ "China tallest building, Shanghai Tower, gets final beam". 3 August 2013. Retrieved 4 August 2013. 
  11. ^ a b Abraj Al-Bait Towers at CTBUH
  12. ^ CTF Finance Centre at CTBUH
  13. ^ Taipei 101 at CTBUH
  14. ^ CTBUH: Trump Tower Chicago
  15. ^ a b "Princess Tower | Buildings". Dubai /: Emporis. Retrieved 2012-08-21. 
  16. ^ http://realty.interfax.ru/realtyinf.asp?id=445420&sec=1460
  17. ^ "Global City Square". CTBUH Skyscraper Database. 
  18. ^ "Nanjing International Youth Cultural Centre Tower 1". CTBUH Skyscraper Database. 
  19. ^ "Wanda Plaza 1". CTBUH Skyscraper Database. 
  20. ^ "Wanda Plaza 2". CTBUH Skyscraper Database. 
  21. ^ a b "Stellar Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-16. 
  22. ^ a b "CTBUH Tall Buildings Database: Etihad Tower 2". Buildingdb.ctbuh.org. Retrieved 2011-01-20. 
  23. ^ "KAFD World Trade Center". The Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Retrieved January 24, 2015. 
  24. ^ "Jiangxi Nanchang Greenland Central Plaza 1". CTBUH Skyscraper Database. 
  25. ^ "Jiangxi Nanchang Greenland Central Plaza 2". CTBUH Skyscraper Database. 
  26. ^ "Greenland Puli Center". CTBUH Skyscraper Database. 
  27. ^ "Huachuang International Plaza Tower 1". CTBUH Skyscraper Database. 
  28. ^ "Kingdom Tower in Saudi Arabia Will Soon Be the World's Tallest Building". Retrieved 2014-12-28. 
  29. ^ "Suzhou Zhongnan Center". CTBUH Skyscraper Database. 
  30. ^ "Entisar Tower". CTBUH Skyscraper Database. 
  31. ^ http://www.skyscrapercenter.com/building/dalian-greenland-center/9672
  32. ^ http://skyscrapercenter.com/building/chongqing-corporate-avenue-1/148
  33. ^ Lakhta Center Facts | CTBUH Skyscraper Database
  34. ^ "Changsha IFS Tower T1". The Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Retrieved September 17, 2014. 
  35. ^ "China Resources Centre Block A". The Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Retrieved October 21, 2014. 
  36. ^ "Lodha's premium project require a capex of Rs 2000 crore". Moneycontrol.com. Retrieved 2010-07-16. 
  37. ^ (AFP) – Jun 7, 2010 (2010-06-07). "AFP: Mumbai plans world's tallest apartment block". Google.com. Retrieved 2010-07-16. 
  38. ^ "Sakaal Times". Sakaal Times. 2010-06-08. Retrieved 2010-07-16. 
  39. ^ "World's tallest apartment in Mumbai by 2014 - Videos - India - IBNLive". Ibnlive.in.com. 2010-02-03. Retrieved 2010-07-16. 
  40. ^ "Mumbai". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2012-08-21. 
  41. ^ "World One, Mumbai". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2012-08-21. 
  42. ^ SHoP Goes Skinny
  43. ^ "Oberoi Oasis Residential Tower;". CTBUH. Retrieved 2012-08-23. 
  44. ^ "Greenland Group Suzhou Center". The Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Retrieved October 21, 2014. 
  45. ^ "Hanking Center". The Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Retrieved October 21, 2014. 
  46. ^ "Spring City 66". The Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Retrieved October 21, 2014. 
  47. ^ Xiamen International Centre Facts | CTBUH Skyscraper Database
  48. ^ "''Three World Trade Center''". Tallestbuildingintheworld.org. Retrieved 2010-12-13. 
  49. ^ 155 West 57th Street at CTBUH
  50. ^ "Official Website". www.lokhandwalainfrastructure.com. Retrieved 2010-10-26. 
  51. ^ "Minerva, Mumbai". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2012-08-21. 
  52. ^ "Lokhandwala Minerva". The Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Retrieved January 20, 2015. 
  53. ^ http://www.skyscrapercenter.com/building/brys-buzz/14744
  54. ^ "Century IT Park". The Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Retrieved January 20, 2015. 
  55. ^ "Century IT Park". skyscraperpage.com. Retrieved January 20, 2015. 
  56. ^ a b http://omkar1973.com/
  57. ^ "Jin Wan Plaza 1". The Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Retrieved January 20, 2015. 
  58. ^ "Costanera Center es oficialmente el edificio más alto de Latinoámerica". La Segunda. 2012-02-14. 
  59. ^ "McMurdo Station - Antarctica", StratoCat. Retrieved 26 April 2014.
  60. ^ Jones, W. Vernon. "Report on the Balloon Program", NASA Astrophysics Subcommittee Meeting. 16 April 2013.

External links[edit]