List of tallest structures built before the 20th century

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List of pre-twentieth century structures by height

Name Municipality (current) Country (current) Height (feet) Height (metres) Completed Comments
Eiffel Tower Paris France 986 300 1889
New Brighton Tower New Brighton United Kingdom 567 173 1900 Tower dismantled from 1919.
Washington Monument Washington, D.C. United States 555 169 1884
Mole Antonelliana Turin Italy 549.54 167.5 1889
Ulm Minster Ulm Germany 529.92 161.53 1890
Lincoln Cathedral Lincoln United Kingdom 525 160 1300 Spire destroyed in 1549.
St. Olaf's Church Tallinn Estonia 522 159 1519 Spire destroyed in 1625.
Blackpool Tower Blackpool United Kingdom 518 158 1894
Cologne Cathedral Cologne Germany 516 157 1880
Rouen Cathedral Rouen France 495 151 1876
St. Mary's Church Stralsund Germany 495 151 1625 Spire destroyed 1647.
Old St. Paul's Cathedral London United Kingdom 493 150.2 1240 Spire destroyed in 1561.
St. Nikolai Hamburg Germany 482 147 1874
Pyramid of Khufu Giza Egypt 481 146.6 c. 2570 BC The Great Pyramid.
Pyramid of Khafre Giza Egypt 475 143 c. 2530 BC
Strasbourg Cathedral Strasbourg France 472 142 1439
St. Peter's Basilica Vatican City 452 138 1626
St. Stephen's Cathedral Vienna Austria 448 c. 136.74 1433
Yongning Pagoda (永宁宝塔) Luoyang China 448 c. 136.71 516
St. Martin's Church Landshut Germany 428 130.6 1500
Amiens Cathedral Amiens France 415 126.6 1533
Cathedral of Our Lady Antwerp Belgium 404 123 1521
Salisbury Cathedral Salisbury United Kingdom 404 123 1320
Church of Our Lady Bruges Belgium 401 122.7 c. 1400
Jetavanaramaya Anuradhapura Sri Lanka 400 122 273–301
Basilica of San Gaudenzio Novara Italy 397 121 1887
Phra Pathommachedi Nakhon Pathom Thailand 396 120.45 1870
Pharos Lighthouse Alexandria Egypt 377~492 115~150 c. 280 BC Destroyed by earthquakes in 1303 and 1323.
Potala Palace Lhasa China 384 117 1694
Florence Cathedral Florence Italy 375 114.5 1436
Torrazzo of Cremona Cremona Italy 343.5 112.7 1309
New St. Paul's Cathedral London United Kingdom 365 111.2 1677 Built after the destruction of the Old St. Paul.
Dom Tower of Utrecht Utrecht Netherlands 358 109 1382 Restored in 1912 to reach current height of 112 metres.
Red Pyramid Dahshur Egypt 345 105 c. 2600 BC
Giralda Seville Spain 330 101 1568
St Mark's Campanile Venice Italy 323 98.6 1514
Torre Asinelli Bologna Italy 318 97.2 before 1185
Norwich Cathedral Norwich United Kingdom 315 96 1480 Building of current spire commenced
Ruwanwelisaya Anuradhapura Sri Lanka 300 92 c. 140 BC
Etemenanki Babylon Iraq 298.56 91 c. 601 BC Ziggurat dedicated to Marduk. Alleged to have originally been built, to an unknown height, between the 14th-9th centuries BC, then destroyed in 689 BC by Sennacherib. Rebuilt c. 600 BC by Nebuchadnezzar II. Finally demolished by Alexander the Great in 323 BC .
Torre del Mangia Siena Italy 289 88 1348
Liaodi Pagoda Dingzhou China 276 84 1055
Brooklyn Bridge New York City United States 276 84 1883
Minarets of Selimiye Mosque Edirne Turkey 272 83 1574
St. Mary's Church Gdansk Poland 269 82 1502
Hwangryongsa Gyeongju South Korea 262 80 643
Beisi Pagoda Suzhou China 249 76 1153
Clérigos Church Porto Portugal 248 75.6 1750
Abayagiriya Anuradhapura Sri Lanka 245 74.6 c. 103 BC
Mahachaitya Amaravathi India 242 73 300 B.C. Destroyed in British era
Taj Mahal Agra, Uttar Pradesh India 240 73 1653
Qutb Minar Delhi India 237 72.5 c. 1200
La Danta Temple El Mirador Guatemala 236 72 300 BC
Minarets of Süleymaniye Mosque Istanbul Turkey 236 72 1558
Gonbad-e Qabus Gonbad-e Qabus Iran 236 72 1006
Canterbury Cathedral Canterbury United Kingdom 235 71.6 1498
Pyramid of the Sun Teotihuacan Mexico 233.6 71.2 100
Monticulo Cupisnique Huaca Prieta Peru 229 70 c. 2400 BC
Tikal Temple IV Tikal Guatemala 230 70 c. 741
Qianxun Pagoda Dali City China 228 69.6 823–840
Pagoda of Fogong Temple Ying County China 220 67.3 1056
Galata Tower Istanbul Turkey 219 66.9 1348
Great Pyramid of Cholula Cholula Mexico 217 66 200 BC
Brihadeeswarar Temple Tanjore India 216 66 1010
Angkor Wat Angkor Cambodia 213 65 c. 1150
Giant Wild Goose Pagoda Xi'an China 210 64 704
Minarets of Sultan Ahmed Mosque Istanbul Turkey 210 64 1616
Liuhe Pagoda Hangzhou China 196 59.89 1165
Mirisawetiya Vihara Anuradhapura Sri Lanka 192 58.5 c. 161 BC
Leaning Tower of Pisa Pisa Italy 191.47 58.36 1372
Pagoda of Tianning Temple Beijing China 189 57.8 1100–1120
Hagia Sophia Cathedral Istanbul Turkey 184 56.1 537
El Tigre El Mirador Guatemala 183 55.8 100
Main Pyramid of Calakmul Calakmul Mexico 181.4 55 100
Temple of the Jaguar Priest Tikal Guatemala 180.4 55 810
Washington Monument Baltimore United States 178 54.4 1829
Basilica and Convent of St. Francis Salta Argentina 177 54 1877
Huaca del Sol Trujillo Peru 164 50 450
Colosseum Rome Italy 157 48 80
Templo Mayor Mexico City Mexico c. 150 c. 45 1325 Destroyed in 1521.
Mausoleum of Halicarnassus Bodrum Turkey 148 45 c. 350 BC
Cathedral of Córdoba Córdoba Argentina 148 45 1787
Zvartnots Cathedral Zvartnots Armenia 148 45 652
Pyramid of the Moon Teotihuacan Mexico 141 43 100
El Castillo Xunantunich Belize 130 40 600
St. Ignatius Church Buenos Aires Argentina 130 40 1722
Great Pyramid of La Venta La Venta Mexico 110 34 c. 900 BC
Colossus of Rhodes Rhodes Greece 110 33.5 c. 280 BC
High Temple Lamanai Belize 108 33 400–100 BC

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