List of tallest structures built before the 20th century

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List of pre-twentieth century structures by height

Name Municipality (current) Country (current) Height (feet) Height (metres) Completed Comments
Eiffel Tower Paris France 986 300 1889
New Brighton Tower New Brighton United Kingdom 567 173 1900 Tower dismantled from 1919.
Washington Monument Washington, D.C. United States 555 169 1884
Mole Antonelliana Turin Italy 549.54 167.5 1889
Ulm Minster Ulm Germany 529.92 161.53 1890
Lincoln Cathedral Lincoln United Kingdom 525 160 1300 Spire destroyed in 1549.
St. Olaf's Church Tallinn Estonia 522 159 1519 Spire destroyed in 1625.
Blackpool Tower Blackpool United Kingdom 518 158 1894
Cologne Cathedral Cologne Germany 516 157 1880
Rouen Cathedral Rouen France 495 151 1876
St. Mary's Church Stralsund Germany 495 151 1625 Spire destroyed 1647.
Old St. Paul's Cathedral London United Kingdom 493 150.2 1240 Spire destroyed in 1561.
St. Nikolai Hamburg Germany 482 147 1874
Pyramid of Khufu Giza Egypt 481 146.6 c. 2570 BC The Great Pyramid.
Pyramid of Khafre Giza Egypt 475 143 c. 2530 BC
Strasbourg Cathedral Strasbourg France 472 142 1439
Halsbrücker Esse Halsbrücke Germany 459 140 1889
St. Peter's Basilica Vatican City 452 138 1626
St. Stephen's Cathedral Vienna Austria 448 c. 136.74 1433
Yongning Pagoda (永宁宝塔) Luoyang China 448 c. 136.71 516
St. Martin's Church Landshut Germany 428 130.6 1500 Tallest brickwork tower in the world.
Amiens Cathedral Amiens France 415 126.6 1533
St. Mary's Lübeck Germany 410 125 1350 Second tallest brickwork tower in the world.
Cathedral of Our Lady Antwerp Belgium 404 123 1521
Salisbury Cathedral Salisbury United Kingdom 404 123 1320
Belltower of Peter and Paul Cathedral Saint Petersburg Russia 401 122.5 1733
Kanishka stupa Peshawar Pakistan 400 120 200 CE Destroyed by White Huns in 460 CE.
Jetavanaramaya Anuradhapura Sri Lanka 400 122 273–301
Basilica of San Gaudenzio Novara Italy 397 121 1887
Phra Pathommachedi Nakhon Pathom Thailand 396 120.45 1870
Pharos Lighthouse Alexandria Egypt 338~387 103~118[1] c. 280 BC Destroyed by earthquakes in 1303 and 1323.
Sint-Walburgiskerk Zutphen Netherlands 384 117 16th c. Current height: 76 m. Until 1600, the church was 117 m tall and the highest structure in the Netherlands before the 20th century.
Potala Palace Lhasa China 384 117 1694
Freiburg Minster Freiburg im Breisgau Germany 380.7 116 c. 1330
Church of Our Lady Bruges Belgium 379.3 115.6 c. 1465 Third tallest brickwork tower in the world.
Florence Cathedral Florence Italy 375 114.5 1436
Torrazzo of Cremona Cremona Italy 369.75 112.7 1309
Shwedagon Pagoda Yangon Myanmar 367 112 1775 Successively rebuilt taller: 18m (1362); 40m (1462)
New St. Paul's Cathedral London United Kingdom 365 111.2 1677 Built after the destruction of Old St. Paul's.
Dom Tower of Utrecht Utrecht Netherlands 358 109 1382 Restored in 1912 to reach current height of 112 metres.
Nieuwe Kerk (Delft) Delft Netherlands 356.79 108.75 1895
Milwaukee City Hall Milwaukee United States 353 108 1895
Chaturbhuj Temple Orchha India 344 104.8 c. 1558 Chaturbhuj Temple dedicated to Vishnu was the tallest structure in the Indian subcontinent from 1558 CE to 1970 CE.
Red Pyramid Dahshur Egypt 345 105 c. 2600 BC
St. Catherine's Church Hoogstraten Belgium 343.5 104.7 1548
Palace of Justice Brussels Belgium 341 104 1883
Old City Hall (Toronto) Toronto Canada 340 103.6 1899 Largest civic building in North America prior to 20th century
Cathedral of St. Bartholomew (Plzeň) Plzeň Czech Republic 335 103 c. 1480 Construction begun in 1342.
St Martin's Cathedral Ypres Belgium 335 102 1370
Giralda Seville Spain 330 101 1568 68 m when was constructed in 1171; built it higher in 1568
Shwesandaw Pagoda Bagan Myanmar 328+ 100+ c. 1057 100 meters tall without counting its hti spire
St Mark's Campanile Venice Italy 323 98.6 1514
Onze Lieve Vrouwetoren Amersfoort Netherlands 322.6 98.33 1470
St Vitus Church Hilversum Netherlands 321.5 98 1892
St. Rumbold's Cathedral Mechelen Belgium 319 97.28 c. 1520 BC
Torre Asinelli Bologna Italy 318.9 97.2 before 1185
Grote Kerk (Breda) Breda Netherlands 318.24 97 1547
Martinitoren Groningen Netherlands 318.24 96.8 c. 1550 BC
Brussels Town Hall Brussels Belgium 315 96 1454
Norwich Cathedral Norwich United Kingdom 315 96 1480 Building of current spire commenced
Latting Observatory New York City United States 315 96 1853 Shortened by 75 feet in 1855; destroyed by fire in 1856.
Martinikerk (Doesburg) Doesburg Netherlands 308.5 94 c. 1430 BC
Church of St Walburge, Preston Preston United Kingdom 308.5 94 1873
Sint-Jacobus de Meerderekerk (The Hague) The Hague Netherlands 308.5 94 1878
St Eusebius' Church, Arnhem Arnhem Netherlands 305 93 1550
Saint Vincent's Church Eeklo Belgium 305 93 1883
Cathedral Church of St. James (Toronto) Toronto Canada 305 92.9 1874
Grote or Sint-Jacobskerk (The Hague) The Hague Netherlands 303.5 92.5 1424
Ruwanwelisaya Anuradhapura Sri Lanka 300 92 c. 140 BC
Etemenanki Babylon Iraq 298.56 91 c. 601 BC Ziggurat dedicated to Marduk. Alleged to have originally been built, to an unknown height, between the 14th-9th centuries BC, then destroyed in 689 BC by Sennacherib. Rebuilt c. 600 BC by Nebuchadnezzar II. Finally demolished by Alexander the Great in 323 BC .
Belfry of Ghent Ghent Belgium 298.5 91 1380
Abdijtoren Middelburg Netherlands 296.6 90.4 1350–1400
Shwemawdaw Pagoda Bago Myanmar 295+ 90+ 1796 Was 90 meters tall without counting its hti spire; raised to 114 m (without counting the hti spire height) in 1954.
Coventry Cathedral Coventry United Kingdom 295 90 1500
St Bavo's Cathedral Ghent Belgium 292 89 1569
Torre del Mangia Siena Italy 289 88 1348
St Walburga Church Oudenaarde Belgium 289 88 1627
Westerkerk Amsterdam Netherlands 285 87 1631
Belfry of Mons Mons Belgium 285 87 1669
The Roman-Catholic Parish Church Spišská Nová Ves Slovakia 285 87 1894
St Medardus Church Wervik Belgium 282 86 1433
Grote of Sint-Clemenskerk Steenwijk Netherlands 282 86 15th c.
Liaodi Pagoda Dingzhou China 276 84 1055
Cathedral of Our Lady Aarschot Belgium 276 84 1337
St Tillo Church Izegem Belgium 276 84 1868
Brooklyn Bridge New York City United States 276 84 1883
St Willibrordus Church, Berchem Antwerp Belgium 276 84 1891
St Martin's Church Kortrijk Belgium 272 83 1466
Belfry of Bruges Bruges Belgium 272 83 1487
Sint-Petrus' Stoel van Antiochiëkerk Sittard Netherlands 272 83 c. 1505
St Gummarus Church Lier Belgium 272 83 1540
Minarets of Selimiye Mosque Edirne Turkey 272 83 1574
Tournai Cathedral Tournai Belgium 272 83 1700
St. Mary's Church Gdansk Poland 269 82 1502
Cunerakerk Rhenen Netherlands 268.4 81.8 1531
Hwangryongsa Gyeongju South Korea 262 80 643
St. Christopher's Cathedral, Roermond Roermond Netherlands 261 79.7 1663
St Salvator's Cathedral Bruges Belgium 259 79 1350, 1871
Sint-Janskerk Maastricht Netherlands 259 79 1450–1500
Beisi Pagoda Suzhou China 249 76 1153
St Nicholas Church Ghent Belgium 249 76 1300–1330 Construction completed early in the 14th century, with further extensions during the following centuries to accommodate the growing population.
Clérigos Church Porto Portugal 248 75.6 1750
Oude Kerk (Delft) Delft Netherlands 246 75 1350
Abayagiriya Anuradhapura Sri Lanka 245 74.6 c. 103 BC
Mahachaitya Amaravathi India 242 73 c. 300 BC Destroyed in British era
Taj Mahal Agra, Uttar Pradesh India 240 73 1653
Qutb Minar Delhi India 237 72.5 c. 1200
La Danta Temple El Mirador Guatemala 236 72 300 BC
Minarets of Süleymaniye Mosque Istanbul Turkey 236 72 1558
Gonbad-e Qabus Gonbad-e Qabus Iran 236 72 1006
Canterbury Cathedral Canterbury United Kingdom 235 71.6 1498
Pyramid of the Sun Teotihuacan Mexico 233.6 71.2 100
The Ziggurat of Dur-Kurigalzu Dur-Kurigalzu Iraq 230 70 c. 1400 BC
Belfry of Tournai Tournai Belgium 230 70 1294
Qianxun Pagoda Dali City China 228 69.6 823–840
Pagoda of Fogong Temple Ying County China 220 67.3 1056
Galata Tower Istanbul Turkey 219 66.9 1348
Great Pyramid of Cholula Cholula Mexico 217 66 200 BC
Arunachaleswara Temple Tiruvannamalai India 217 66 9th Century
Brihadiswara Temple Thanjavur India 217 66 1010 AD
Ely Cathedral Ely United Kingdom 217 66 1375
Thatbyinnyu Temple Bagan Myanmar 217 66 1150
Angkor Wat Angkor Cambodia 213 65 c. 1150
Temple of the Two-Headed Serpent (Tikal Pyramid IV) Tikal Guatemala 212 64.6 c. 741
Giant Wild Goose Pagoda Xi'an China 210 64 704
Minarets of Sultan Ahmed Mosque Istanbul Turkey 210 64 1616
Notre-Dame Basilica Montreal Canada 200 60 1843
Liuhe Pagoda Hangzhou China 196 59.89 1165
Mirisawetiya Vihara Anuradhapura Sri Lanka 192 58.5 c. 161 BC
Leaning Tower of Pisa Pisa Italy 191.47 58.36 1372
Pagoda of Tianning Temple Beijing China 189 57.8 1100–1120
Tikal Pyramid V Tikal Guatemala 187 57 c. 700
Hagia Sophia Cathedral Istanbul Turkey 184 56.1 537
El Tigre El Mirador Guatemala 183 55.8 100
Main Pyramid of Calakmul Calakmul Mexico 180.4 55 100
Temple of the Jaguar Priest (Tikal Pyramid III) Tikal Guatemala 180.4 55 c. 810
Washington Monument Baltimore United States 178 54.4 1829
Basilica and Convent of St. Francis Salta Argentina 177 54 1877
Ananda Temple Bagan Myanmar 167+ 51+ 1105 51 meters tall without counting its hti spire
Huaca del Sol Trujillo Peru 164 50 450
Htupayon Pagoda Sagaing Myanmar 161+ 49+ 1851/52 49 meters tall without counting its hti spire; originally built in 1444–1454; now raised to 61.5 m (since 2016)
Kalyan Minaret Bukhara Uzbekistan 157+ 48 1127 One of the few monuments that survived Mongol conquest of Central Asia
Colosseum Rome Italy 157 48 80
Temple of the Great Jaguar (Tikal Pyramid I) Tikal Guatemala 154 47 740–750
Templo Mayor Mexico City Mexico c. 150 c. 45 1325 Destroyed in 1521.
Mausoleum of Halicarnassus Bodrum Turkey 148 45 c. 350 BC
Cathedral of Córdoba Córdoba Argentina 148 45 1787
Zvartnots Cathedral Zvartnots Armenia 148 45 652
Hassan Tower Rabat Morocco 144 44 1199
Pyramid of the Moon Teotihuacan Mexico 141 43 100
Temple of the Masks (Tikal Pyramid II) Tikal Guatemala 138 42 c. 700
El Castillo Xunantunich Belize 130 40 600
St. Ignatius Church Buenos Aires Argentina 130 40 1722
Great Pyramid of La Venta La Venta Mexico 110 34 c. 900 BC
Colossus of Rhodes Rhodes Greece 110 33.5 c. 280 BC
High Temple Lamanai Belize 108 33 400–100 BC

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ McKenzie, Judith (2011). The Architecture of Alexandria and Egypt: 300 BC – AD 700. Yale University Press. p. 42. ISBN 978-0300170948.