List of technology centers
||It has been suggested that List of places with "Silicon" names be merged into this article. (Discuss) Proposed since March 2014.|
This is a list of technology centers throughout the world. Governmental planners and business networks like to use the name "silicon" or "valley" to describe their own areas as a result of the success of Silicon Valley in California. Nevertheless, there are a few qualitative differences between these places, and metrics may be applied to measure their dominance.
These metrics include:
- How much and to what extent public and/or private research and development funds are spent in the zones
- What percentage of local employment is technology related.
- If the zone is mainly government funded or is mainly corporate driven (or both)
- If mainly corporate, how much revenue and profit and which corporates have headquarters there.
- If mainly corporate, how much venture capital has been made available to companies in the zone.
- What supporting higher educational institutions are located in nearby.
Globally Dominant clusters
- Silicon Valley - originating in Stanford University (Palo Alto and Menlo Park), and spreading south towards San Jose, California and suburbs. San Francisco and other areas, especially near Berkeley and Oakland, are technically not part of Silicon Valley, nevertheless SF in particular has seen near dominance in particular higher up industries such as web development (2013-2016) and venture capital. Silicon Valley has maintained dominance for decades in core industries such as microprocessor development, and had been the dominant software development center (including web) before it lost that crown to nearby San Francisco. Peculiar to the region is an obvious lack of other industries, as technology has crowded them out.
- Shenzhen Hi-Tech Industrial Park - Shenzhen, Guangdong, China Shenzhen municipality and surrounds, including Dongguan's factories had been for a decade the world's dominant peripheral hardware suppliers. More recently Shenzhen has become the dominant place worldwide for hardware startups (excluding microprocessors, chip memory, and pure-play semiconductor foundry).
- Suwon, Korea or Samsung Digital City is the dominant place worldwide for chip memory and integrated system on a chip with large components of microchip memory.
- Hsinchu Science Park - Hsinchu City and Hsinchu County, Taiwan is the dominant place worldwide for pure-play semiconductor foundry market.
- India as a whole is globally dominant in software technology outsourcing, but not in a single technology park or city.
- Thailand as a whole is globally dominant in hard disk manufacturing.
- CERN in Geneva, Switzerland is globally dominant in particle physics.
- Dulles Technology Corridor is globally dominant in telecom, satellite, and defense industries.
- Silicon Alley or NYC is globally dominant in fintech although Shenzhen is also coming up strong in this area.
- Tsukuba Science City, Japan has the largest budget of government-sponsored general research and development for any science park zone of its size.
- Campinas, São Paulo, São José dos Campos, São Carlos (The Silicon Valley of Brazil).
- Porto Digital - Recife
- Canada's Technology Triangle with Kitchener-Waterloo, Ontario - home to BlackBerry (formerly Research in Motion), Open Text, Desire2Learn, and the Canadian head office of Google; home to the Communitech HUB start-up incubator
- Vancouver, British Columbia - home to Sony Pictures Imageworks, PMC-Sierra, Telus, Hootsuite, EA Canada, Vision Critical, MacDonald, Dettwiler and Associates, and Westport Innovations
- Markham, Ontario - home to the Canadian head offices of Sony, Avaya, IBM, Motorola, Toshiba, Lucent, Sun Microsystems, Apple, American Express and AMD Graphics Product Group
- Silicon Valley North - the National Capital Region around Ottawa, Ontario - home to Mitel, DragonWave, Alcatel Lucent, and Halogen Software
- Greater Toronto Area - specifically Mississauga and Brampton
- Cité Multimédia, Montreal
- Automation Alley - Metropolitan Detroit (primarily Oakland County, Michigan)
- Cummings Research Park - Huntsville, Alabama
- Denver Tech Center - Denver, Colorado
- Dulles Technology Corridor - Northern Virginia near Washington Dulles Airport
- Eastside - Puget Sound
- Golden Corridor - Near Chicago's O'Hare International Airport and Northwest Suburbs
- Illinois Technology and Research Corridor - DuPage County, Illinois
- Optics Valley - Tucson, Arizona
- Research Triangle - North Carolina
- Route 128 - Massachusetts
- Silicon Alley - New York City
- Silicon Hills - Austin, Texas and its suburbs
- Silicon Forest - Portland, Oregon
- Silicon Prairie - Metropolitan Dallas (primarily the northern region and its suburbs)
- Silicon Slopes - Salt Lake City, Utah including Utah County (Provo, Utah) and Summit County (Park City, Utah) and surrounding areas.
- Silicon Valley
- Tech Coast - broadly Southern California, Silicon Beach refers to emergent Santa Monica-LAX tech cluster.
- Tech Valley - The Capital District area of Albany, NY
- Telecom Corridor (an area in the Silicon Prairie) - Richardson, suburb of Dallas, Texas
- Texas Medical Center - Houston, Texas
- Konza Technology City - launched in 2013, and set to host business process outsourcing (BPO) ventures, a science park, and other facilities
- Zhongguancun - Haidian District, Beijing
- Chengdu Tianfu Software Park - Chengdu, Sichuan
- Dalian Hi-Tech Zone & Dalian Software Park - Dalian, Liaoning
- Hunnan New Area - Liaoning
- Zhangjiang Hi-Tech Park - Shanghai
- Electronics City - Bangalore
- International Tech Park, Bangalore
- Manyata Embassy Business Park - Bangalore
- Tidel Park - Chennai
- Gurgaon, Haryana - near Delhi
- Noida, Uttar Pradesh - near Delhi
- Sricity, Andhra Pradesh - near Tirupati
- HITEC City - Hyderabad
- IKP-Alexandria Biotech Knowledge Park - Hyderabad
- Technopark, Trivandrum - Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala
- InfoPark, Kochi - Kochi
- The Knowledge Corridor - between Pune and Mumbai
- Hinjewadi, Magarpatta - Pune
- Tel Aviv/Mediterranean Coastal Region - referred to as Silicon Wadi
- Yehud - Hosts primarily Hewlett Packard Enterprise's Software campus (http://h30507.www3.hp.com/t5/Careers-at-HP/A-tour-at-HP-Software-campus-in-Yehud-Israel/ba-p/184796), but is the home of more IT and High Tech companies such as Ticomsoft, Flame-Ware Solutions, RegiSoft, Fenavic, Bgate, BYON IT Solutions and others.
- Yokneam - with over 100 high-tech companies concentrated in a small area that is nicknamed "Startup Village"
- Kansai Science City, on the borders of Kyoto, Osaka and Nara Prefectures
- Tsukuba Science City, Tsukuba City, Ibaraki Prefecture
- Yokosuka Research Park (YRP), Yokosuka City, Kanagawa Prefecture
- Silicon Gulf - Davao City (The Silicon Valley of the Philippines)
- Light Industry and Science Park of the Philippines II, Laguna
- Science City of Muñoz, Nueva Ecija
- Calamba Premiere International Park
- Riyadh Techno Valley, Riyadh
- Dhahran Techno-Valley, Dhahran
- King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, Riyadh
- Digital Media City, Seoul
- Samsung Town
- Teheran Valley, Seoul
- Songdo Science Village, Songdo International City, Incheon
- Daedeok Science Town, Daejeon
- Central Taiwan Science Park - Changhua County, Nantou County, Taichung City and Yunlin County
- Southern Taiwan Science Park - Kaohsiung City and Tainan City
- Nankang Software Park - Taipei City
- Dubai Internet City, Dubai
- Dubai Silicon Oasis, Dubai
- Dubai Media City, Dubai
- Masdar City, Abu Dhabi
- Australian Technology Park, Eveleigh, Sydney
- Digital Harbour, Docklands, Melbourne
- Macquarie Park, Sydney, NSW (including the Research Park - Macquarie University)
- Technology Park, Bentley, Western Australia (adjacent to Curtin University of Technology)
- GIANT : Grenoble (nanotechnology, particle physics, bioscience and renewable energy)
- Metz Science Park : Metz Technopole
- Toulouse : Toulouse Sud-Est : Agrobiopole, Labège-Innopole, Aerospace Valley
- Valbonne : Sophia Antipolis
- Villeneuve-d'Ascq : Technopôle Lille Métropole
- Berlin - known as Silicon Allee, one of Europe's most dynamic technology, IT and startup centers
- Dresden (Silicon Saxony)
- Kaiserslautern (Silicon Woods)
- Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania - BioCon Valley for its life science and biotechnology clusters
- Munich (Isar Valley)
- Western Pomerania (IT Lagoon)
- WISTA (Science and Technology Park in Berlin-Adlershof)
- Dublin (known as "Silicon Docks" or "The European Silicon Valley", due to its high number of technological EMEA centres)
- Milan ("FabriQ")
- Science Park Amsterdam - Amsterdam
- High Tech Campus Eindhoven - Eindhoven
- Technopolis Innovation Park Delft - Delft
- Utrecht Science Park - Utrecht
- Akademgorodok, Novosibirsk
- Skolkovo Innovation Center, Skolkovo, Moscow Oblast
- Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology
- Oxford Science Park - Oxford
- Silicon Corridor - M4 corridor, Reading, Berkshire
- Silicon Fen - Cambridge
- Silicon Glen - in Central Scotland
- Silicon Gorge - Bristol
- Silicon Roundabout - London
- Chengdu Tianfu (Heavenly City) Software Park
- Shanghai Zhangjiang Hi-Tech Park
- Pardis Tech Park
- Lahore's Software Park almost completed
- Singapore Science Park
- Southern Taiwan Science Park
- Nankang Software Park
- GIANT Campus website
- "Romania Proving Popular As Software Outsourcing Destination". InformationWeek. 4 February 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-12.