Television in Finland
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Television was introduced in Finland in 1957. Color television started in 1969. Prior to 1986, Yle monopolized the Finnish television. All terrestrial analogue stations stopped broadcasting on 1 September 2007 after introducing digital television; cable providers were allowed to continue analog broadcasting in their networks until 1 March 2008.
Typically, foreign-language content is subtitled, retaining the original language soundtrack. This includes interview responses in news or magazine programmes not given in the main language of that programme. Foreign programming intended for children is, however, usually dubbed into one of the national languages. Regardless of the intended audience or original language, many shows receive a Finnish and/or Swedish title which is used in programme schedules.
Digital terrestrial television was launched on 21 August 2001. The analogue networks continued its broadcasts alongside the digital ones until 1 September 2007, when they were shut down nationwide.
Before the analogue switchoff, the terrestrial network had three multiplexes: MUX A, MUX B and MUX C. MUX A contained the channels of the public broadcaster Yleisradio and MUX B was shared between the two commercial broadcasters: MTV3 and Nelonen. MUX C contained channels of various other broadcasters. After the analogue closedown, a fourth multiplex named MUX E was launched.
In addition the free-to-air broadcasts, two companies are providing encryption cards for pay television: Canal Digital and PlusTV. Canal Digital was the first to launch, originally only offering four Canal+ channels (the Disney Channel was added later on). PlusTV was launched in November 2006, originally only broadcasting MTV3 Max and Subtv Juniori (later on adding Subtv Leffa and Urheilu+kanava). Both packages got more channels with the launch of MUX E in September 2007: SVT Europa and MTV3 Fakta was added to PlusTV and KinoTV was added to Canal Digital, while Discovery Channel, Eurosport, MTV Finland and Nickelodeon were added to both packages.
The digital channel YLE Extra was closed on 31 December 2007 and was replaced by YLE TV1+, a simulcast of TV1 with subtitles included in the video stream. TV1+ was closed on 4 August 2008 due to its low viewing share.
Finland has started DVB-T2 switchover that will be finished on 31.3.2020.
Analogue cable television were switched off in Finland on 1 March 2008, but digital cable television is widespread all over the country and its infrastructure used for cable internet services.
The major cable operators are DNA, Welho and TTV, operating in Turku, Helsinki and Tampere areas. All pay television uses digital broadcasts, DVB-C set-top boxes have been available since 2001.
Digital satellite television started in Nordic countries, and also in Finland, by Multichoice Nordic pay-TV platform during 1996. The first set-top boxes available were manufactured by Nokia and Pace. After that the service merged with Canal Digital in late 1997. Competing pay television Viasat and Yle's channel TV Finland started digital broadcasts in 1999.
List of channels
All Yle channels are broadcast free-to-air and so are a few commercial ones including MTV3, Nelonen, Sub, Jim, TV5, FOX and Kutonen. Yle channels are state owned and are funded by a ring fenced so-called "Yle tax".
Most of the channels are the same throughout mainland Finland. In Ostrobothnia and the Åland islands there is an extra multiplex available which provides encrypted channels from Sweden, along with respective local stations, and of course due to overlapping signals, Russian, Swedish, Norwegian and Estonian stations are able to be seen near the border areas and vice versa.
|1.||Yle TV1||Yes||documentaries, news, politics, satire, series, films|
|2.||Yle TV2||Yes||news, sport, entertainment, series, films, children's programming|
|3.||MTV3||Yes||films, series, sports, news|
|4.||Nelonen||Yes||films, series, sports, news|
|5.||Yle Teema & Fem||Yes||culture, sciences and learning. Also programming by the Swedish department of Yle|
|6.||Sub||Yes||imported series, films, reality, chat shows|
|7.||TV5||Yes||entertainment, films, series, documentaries|
|8.||Liv||Yes||women's programmes, lifestyle programmes, films, series, documentaries|
|9.||Jim||Yes||men's programmes, reality, documentaries|
|10.||Kutonen||Yes||men's programmes, music, films, series, documentaries|
|11.||TLC||Yes||women's programmes, lifestyle|
|12.||FOX||Yes||series, films, documentaries|
|13.||AVA||Yes||women's programmes, lifestyle programmes, films, series, documentaries|
|14.||Hero||Yes||imported series and films|
|15.||AlfaTV||Yes||programmes for minorities, religious programmes (20:00 - 22:30 hrs. only, full-time on DVB-T2 channel 19)|
|16.||Frii||Yes||women's programmes, lifestyle programmes, films, documentaries|
|17.||Harju & Pöntinen||Yes||Schlager music|
|18.||0700 11111 deitti||Yes||adult entertainment|
|20.||National Geographic||Yes||nature, history, documentaries|
Upcoming DVB-T channels
|21.||Yle TV1 HD||Yes||High-definition simulcast of Yle TV1||Yes||VHF|
|22.||Yle TV2 HD||Yes||High-definition simulcast of Yle TV2||Yes||VHF|
|23.||MTV3 HD||No||High-definition simulcast of MTV3||Yes||VHF|
|24.||Nelonen HD||Yes||High-definition simulcast of Nelonen||Yes||UHF|
|25.||Yle Teema & Fem HD||Yes||High-definition simulcast of Yle Fem||Yes||VHF|
|27.||TV5 HD||Yes||High-definition simulcast of TV5||Yes||VHF|
|40.||C More Max||No||sports, outdoors, documentaries, programming for men||No||UHF|
|43.||C More Juniori||No||children's programming||No||UHF|
|44.||Discovery Channel||No||documentaries, science||No||UHF|
|46.||MTV Nordic||No||entertainment, music videos (13:00 - 07:00 hrs. only)||No||UHF|
|47.||Ruutu+ Urheilu 1||No||sports||No||UHF|
|48.||Ruutu+ Urheilu 2||No||sports||No||UHF|
|49.||Ruutu+ Leffat ja Sarjat||No||films, series (19:00 - 06:00 hrs. only)||No||UHF|
|50.||Ruutu+ Lapset||No||children's programming||No||UHF|
|51.||Ruutu+ Dokkarit||No||nature, science, documentaries||No||UHF|
|52.||Disney Channel||No||children's programming (07:00 - 13:00 hrs. only)||No||UHF|
|53.||C More First||No||films||No||UHF|
|54.||C More Series||No||series, films||No||UHF|
|55.||C More Sport 1||No||sports||No||UHF|
|58.||Nick Jr.||No||children's programming||No||UHF|
|65.||Viasat Hockey||No||ice hockey||No||UHF|
|66.||Viasat Urheilu||No||ice hockey||No||UHF|
|80.||Investigation Discovery||No||documentaries, science||No||UHF|
|84.||Nat Geo Wild||No||nature, history, documentaries||No||UHF|
|85.||Animal Planet||No||nature, documentaries||No||UHF|
|89.||Disney Junior||No||children's programming||No||UHF|
|90.||Disney XD||No||children's programming||No||UHF|
|92.||C More Max HD||No||High-definition simulcast of MTV Max||Yes||VHF|
|94.||C More Hits||No||films||No||UHF|
|95.||C More First HD||No||High-definition simulcast of C More First||Yes||VHF|
|96.||C More Sport 1 HD||No||High-definition simulcast of MTV Sport 1||Yes||VHF|
|97.||C More Sport 2||No||sports||No||UHF|
|98.||C More Sport 2 HD||No||High-definition simulcast of MTV Sport 2||Yes||VHF|
|101.||Ruutu+ Urheilu 1 HD||No||High-definition simulcast of Nelonen Pro 1||Yes||VHF|
|102.||Ruutu+ Urheilu 2 HD||No||High-definition simulcast of Nelonen Pro 2||Yes||VHF|
|103.||Ruutu+ Urheilu 3||No||Broadcasts from the Finnish Elite League||No||UHF|
|104.||Ruutu+ Urheilu 4||No||Broadcasts from the Finnish Elite League||No||UHF|
|105.||Ruutu+ Urheilu 5||No||Broadcasts from the Finnish Elite League||No||UHF|
|106.||Ruutu+ Urheilu 6||No||Broadcasts from the Finnish Elite League||No||UHF|
|107.||Ruutu+ Urheilu 7||No||Broadcasts from the Finnish Elite League||No||UHF|
|108.||Ruutu+ Urheilu 8||No||Broadcasts from the Finnish Elite League||No||UHF|
|111.||Viasat NHL Xtra 1||No||Broadcasts from the NHL||No||UHF|
|112.||Viasat NHL Xtra 2||No||Broadcasts from the NHL||No||UHF|
|113.||Viasat NHL Xtra 3||No||Broadcasts from the NHL||No||UHF|
|114.||Viasat NHL Xtra 4||No||Broadcasts from the NHL||No||UHF|
|115.||Viasat NHL Xtra 5||No||Broadcasts from the NHL||No||UHF|
|116.||Viasat NHL Xtra 6||No||Broadcasts from the NHL||No||UHF|
|117.||Viasat NHL Xtra 7||No||Broadcasts from the NHL||No||UHF|
|118.||Viasat NHL Xtra 8||No||Broadcasts from the NHL||No||UHF|
|119.||Viasat Hockey HD||No||High-definition simulcast of Viasat Hockey||Yes||VHF|
|120.||Viasat Jääkiekko HD||No||High-definition simulcast of Viasat Jääkiekko||Yes||VHF|
|121.||Viasat Urheilu HD||No||High-definition simulcast of Viasat Urheilu||Yes||VHF|
|122.||Viasat Jalkapallo HD||No||High-definition simulcast of Viasat Jalkapallo||Yes||VHF|
|123.||Viasat Golf HD||No||High-definition simulcast of Viasat Golf||Yes||VHF|
|124.||Viasat Film Action HD||No||High-definition simulcast of Viasat Film Action||Yes||VHF|
|125.||Viasat Film Premiere||No||films||No||UHF|
|127.||Viasat Film Premiere HD||No||High-definition simulcast of Viasat Film Premiere||Yes||VHF|
|Yle Fem[nb 2]||2||2||0.2||0.7||1.6||1.8||1.6||1.6||1.7||1.5||1.9||1.6||1.7|
|C More Total Pay TV||0.2||1.3||2.4||2.5||2.2||2.0||3.5||3.7||3.6||2.9||2.4|
|Nelonen Pay TV||0.1||0.2||0.3||0.4||0.5||0.5||0.6||0.7||0.7||0.6|
|Nelonen Sport[nb 8]||0.7||1.2||1.3||1.3||0.6|
|Yle Extra[nb 9]||0.7||0.8|
- January 1990 - May 1997 PTV4
- 1988 - August 2006 YLE FST. FST's output was included in the programming of YLE's two main television channels, YLE TV1 and YLE TV2. August 2001 - March 2012 YLE FST5
- February 2000 - August 2001 TVTV!. August 2001 - January 2008 Subtv
- The Voice and TV5 operated in same channel from September 2008 to April 2011. March 2004 - August 2012 The Voice
- February 2002 - February 2007 Nelonen Plus
- December 2009 - April 2012 SuomiTV.
- March 2008 - January 2011 MTV3 AVA.
- August 2001 - February 2010 Urheilukanava.
- August 2001 - April 2007 YLE24.
- "Ylen TV1+ - palvelu päättyy elokuussa" [Yle's TV1+ - service ends in August] (in Finnish). Digita Oy. 2008-07-11. Retrieved 23 July 2011.
- "SveaTV-kanalplatser". VLT. Retrieved 2007-12-22.
- "Television:Television: channel shares 1999 - 2009 (Excel)". Tilastokeskus. 15 December 2010. Archived from the original on October 6, 2011. Retrieved 25 August 2011.
columns: B, C, D, E
- "Television: Television: channel shares 1994 - 2004 (Excel)". Tilastokeskus. 12 October 2005. Retrieved 25 August 2011.
- "Alma Media, Aamulehti Group, MTV Group - Annual Report 1997" (PDF). Alma Media, Aamulehti Group, MTV Group. 1998. p. 21. Retrieved 25 August 2011.
- "Television: Television: channel shares 1995 - 2005 (Excel)". Tilastokeskus. 9 November 2006. Retrieved 25 August 2011.
- "Alma Media - Annual Report 1998" (PDF). Alma Media. 1999. pp. 20–21. Retrieved 25 August 2011.
- "Alma Media - Annual Report 2000" (PDF). Alma Media. 2001. p. 29. Retrieved 25 August 2011.
- "YLE-kertomukset 2002" (in Finnish). Yleisradio. 2003. Retrieved 24 August 2011.
- "Finnpanel - TV:n katseluosuudet minuuteista" (in Finnish). Archive.org: Finnpanel. 20 January 2006. Archived from the original on 28 May 2006. Retrieved 24 August 2011.
- "Finnpanel - TV Audience Measurement". Finnpanel. Retrieved 30 July 2011.
- "Television: Television: channel shares 1996 - 2006 (Excel)". Tilastokeskus. 21 November 2007. Retrieved 25 August 2011.
- "Results From The TV Audience Measurement". Finnpanel. Retrieved 28 February 2013.
- "Results From The TV Audience Measurement". Finnpanel. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- "Finnpanel - TV Audience Measurement". www.finnpanel.fi. Retrieved 3 July 2017.