Television in Afghanistan
This article details Television in Afghanistan.
Television was first introduced in 1964, when a new organization called Radio Television Afghanistan (government-owned) founded a TV channel. After the completion of feasibility study under grant aid from Japan, construction work of the studio and transmitter buildings were finished by August 1978. During the 1980s, many Soviet programmes were airing such as the children's show Nu Pogodi!.
From 1992 onwards, television like other media in the country went into a steep decline as a result of war in the city of Kabul, destroying infrastructure.
During the Taliban rule between 1996 and 2001, television was strictly banned. Stores were not allowed to sell TVs, satellite dishes, VCRs, or other similar technologic entertainment. Anyone owning or watching TV was arrested and punished. The national television broadcaster was closed down, whilst private broadcasters' buildings and studios were smashed by the regime's police.
Territory that was controlled by the moderate rival Northern Alliance meanwhile did not have any restrictions on television. However the Northern Alliance's only major city was Mazar-i-Sharif, which itself fell to the Taliban in 1998, and at its peak the Taliban controlled 90% of the country. In the country's northeast in the province of Badakhshan, a television channel financed by the Northern Alliance broadcast news and movies to approximately 5,000 people in the city of Fayzabad. When the Karzai administration came to power in December 2001, television service was preparing to be re-introduced soon after, with RTA launching again the following year after German funding built broadcasting buildings in Kabul.
It was reported in 2011 that as many as 76 television channels are available in Afghanistan, 36 of them in the capital of Kabul. They are broadcasting news, entertainment, religious, sports and cultural programs with each channel having its own viewers.
Most people in Afghanistan prefer to watch TV in the evening, between 7pm to 11pm. As of 2012, there are believed to be about 76 television channels in the country.
- Tolo TV has an audience share of 29%; Shamshad tv share of audience is 21%, Kabul News TV 17%, Ariana TV 10%, Lemar TV 9%, 1d TV 5%, Afghan TV 4%, and 26% for others.
This compares to data taken in 2010, which showed results once dominated by Tolo TV.
This study was consulted by Altai Consulting in July 2010:
- Herat: Tolo TV has an audience share of 30%, followed by Lemar TV (29%) Zhwandoon TV (17%), RTA (5%), Shamshad TV (5%), Afghan TV (4%), and 13% of all other available channels.
- Jalalabad: Shamshad TV has an audience share of 40%, followed by Ariana TV (15%), RTA (13%), Tolo TV (9%), Zhwandoon (7%), and 16% of all other available channels.
- Kabul: Tolo TV has an audience share of 22%, followed by Shamshad TV (15%), Ariana TV (11%), Zhwandoon TV (10%), RTA, Afghan TV, Lemar TV and 1TV (7%), and 14% of all other available channels.
Notice: Emrooz TV is now closed
- Kandahar: Shamshad TV has an audience share of 34%, followed by Ariana TV (26%), Lemar TV and Hewad TV (13%), Yak 1TV, RTA (3%), and 6% of all other available channels.
- Khost: Lemar TV has an audience share of 38%, followed by Shamshad TV (23%), RTA (20%), Ariana TV and Tolo TV (9%), and 1% of all other available channels.
- Mazar-E-Sharif: Shamshad TV has an audience share of 30%, followed by KabulNews TV (21%), Ariana TV (11%), Tolo TV (10%), Arezo (9%), Lemar TV (7%), Afghan TV (4%) and 8% of all other available channels.
Number of channels per city
As of January 2016:
- Herat has 18 available channels.
- Jalalabad has 8 available channels.
- Kabul has 36 available channels.
- Kandahar has 9 available channels.
- Kunduz has 6 available channels.
- Takhar has 7 available channels.
- Khost has 6 available channels.
- Mazar-i-Sharif has 11 available channels.
In Afghanistan, many people watch TV through traditional analog terrestrial signals using indoor antennas (some outdoors too). There are also satellite television viewers - but those are for watching foreign channels, mainly European, American, Indian, Turkish, Pakistani, and Iranian. In the last few years, there have also been a fast-growing number of cable television providers and viewers, with the newest houses in the country connected to cable networks.
On January 2013 Afghanistan's Ministry of Communication and Information Technology has held a meeting with TV broadcasters on plans to switch from analogue to digital transmission systems. Afghanistan has adopted the DVB-T2 standard and the switchover would begin in Kabul.
Before 2005, there were no Afghan channels available on satellite in North America and Europe. Many viewers were watching Iranian channels (with the same language, Persian). The same channels would also broadcast Afghan-produced programming, such as Salaam Afghanistan.
List of channels
|Afghan Entertainment Television AET||United States||North America|
|Afghanistan National Television ANTV||Afghanistan|
|Afghan Television Voice of Christ||United States||International|
|Ariana Afghanistan AATV||United States
|Ariana TV ATN||Afghanistan
United Arab Emirates
|ARZU TV||Afghanistan||Balkh Province|
|Asia TV Network||Afghanistan|
|Ayna TV||Afghanistan||Currently out of service|
|Eslah TV||Afghanistan||Herat Province|
|FARSI1||United Arab Emirates||International|
|FARYAD TV||Afghanistan||Herat Province|
|Hewad TV||Afghanistan||Kandahar Province|
|Kabul TV||Afghanistan||Kabul Province|
|Khawar TV||Afghanistan||Kunduz Province|
|Khorasan TV||United States||North America|
|Maah Naw TV||Afghanistan||Takhar Province|
|Noor TV Afghanistan||Afghanistan||International|
|Pamir TV||Afghanistan||Badakhshan Province|
|North America, Europe|
|Sabawoon TV||Afghanistan||Helmand Province|
|Taban||Afghanistan||Herat Province and Nangarhar Province|
|Semah-e-Meher TV||Afghanistan||Takhar Province|
|Zala TV||Afghanistan||Kunar Province|
- Emrooz TV closed down in July 2010 due to its controversial religious content.
- "ISAF Spokesman Discusses Progress in Afghanistan". International Security Assistance Force/NATO. July 25, 2011. Retrieved December 6, 2011.
- http://www.altaiconsulting.com/docs/media/ Altai Consulting, July 2010, Media in Afghanistan
- Altai Consulting, July 2010, Media in Afghanistan
1. Watch Afghanistan Live Tv Channels Here: http://www.afghanlive.tv/