List of battles and other violent events by death toll

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This page lists mortalities from battles and individual military operations or acts of violence, sorted by death toll. For wars and events more extensive in scope, see List of wars and disasters by death toll. For natural disasters, see List of natural disasters by death toll.

Battles and sieges[edit]

Many of the entries in this section are currently for total casualties rather than deaths. Until this notice is removed, check the individual links to confirm what the figure represents.

Bombing campaigns[edit]

Dresden after being bombed

World War II[edit]

  • Around 43,000 – Allied airforce bombing of Hamburg (Operation Gomorrah) during the period 24 July 1943 and 31 July 1943
  • Maximum 25,000 (minimum 22,700) – Allied airforce bombing of Dresden during the period 7 October 1944 to 7 April 1945[1]
  • Minimum 20,000 – Allied airforce bombing of Berlin in 363 separate raids that took place during the period 7 June 1940 until 25 March 1944
  • Minimum 20,000 – German Luftwaffe bombing of London during the Blitz; 7 September 1940 to 10 May 1941[2]
  • Around 18,000 – Royal Air Force bombing of Pforzheim on 23 February 1945

Post-World War II[edit]

Individual air raids[edit]

World War II[edit]

Wartime ship disasters[edit]

Prior to World War I[edit]

Estimate of death toll Name Country Ship type Principal casualties Where sunk Date
1,300–1,900 Sultana  United States Transport steamboat U.S. POWs formerly held by the Confederate army Mississippi River, near Memphis April 27, 1865[5]
900 HMS Victory Great Britain 1st-rate Crew English Channel[6] October 3, 1744
882–949 Soleil Royal France 1st-rate Crew English Channel June 3, 1692
838 HMS St George United Kingdom 1st-rate Crew North Sea December 24, 1811
800+ Kronan  Sweden 1st-rate Crew Baltic Sea June 1, 1676
800+ HMS Royal George Great Britain 1st-rate Crew Spithead August 29, 1782
800 HMS Association Great Britain 2nd-rate Crew Isles of Scilly October 22, 1707
699 HMS Ramilles Great Britain 3rd-rate Crew Bolt Head February 15, 1760
673 HMS Queen Charlotte Great Britain 1st-rate Crew Livorno March 17, 1800
566 General Lyon  United States Transport Discharged U.S. soldiers, Confederate POWs Cape Hatteras March 31, 1865
600 HMS Hero United Kingdom 3rd-rate Crew Wadden Sea December 28, 1811
555 HMS Defence United Kingdom 3rd-rate Crew North Sea December 24, 1811
380 Mary Rose England Carrack Soldiers, crew The Solent July 19, 1545
372 Arniston United Kingdom East Indiaman Soldiers, crew and their families Cape Agulhas May 30, 1815

World War I[edit]

The loss of two British cruisers to a German naval squadron at the Battle of Coronel on 1 November 1914 was followed by the Battle of the Falkland Islands on 8 December where most of the German force was destroyed. The Battle of Jutland on 31 May 1916 was the largest naval battle during World War I and resulted in the loss of three British battlecruisers and three armored cruisers.

Estimate of death toll Name Country Ship type Principal casualties Where sunk Date
1,450 HMS Aboukir, Hogue and Cressy United Kingdom Armored cruisers Crew North Sea, near the Netherlands September 22, 1914
1,255 HMS Queen Mary United Kingdom Battlecruiser Crew North Sea May 31, 1916
1,198 RMS Lusitania United Kingdom Ocean liner Civilians Celtic Sea May 7, 1915
1,015 HMS Invincible United Kingdom Battlecruiser Crew North Sea May 31, 1916
1,013 HMS Indefatigable United Kingdom Battlecruiser Crew North sea May 31, 1916
903 HMS Defence United Kingdom Armored cruiser Crew North Sea May 31, 1916
919[7] HMS Good Hope United Kingdom Armored cruiser Crew Off of Coronel, Chile November 1, 1914
843 HMS Vanguard United Kingdom Battleship Crew Scapa Flow, Scotland July 19, 1917
839 SMS Pommern  Germany Pre-dreadnought battleship Crew North Sea June 1, 1916
782 SMS Blücher  Germany Armored cruiser Crew Dogger Bank January 24, 1915
860[8] SMS Scharnhorst  Germany Armored cruiser Crew Falkland Islands December 8, 1914
737 HMS Hampshire United Kingdom Armored cruiser Crew, including Secretary of State for War Lord Kitchener Orkney May 28, 1916
735[7] HMS Monmouth United Kingdom Armored cruiser Crew Off of Coronel, Chile November 1, 1914
738 HMS Bulwark United Kingdom Battleship Crew Sheerness November 26, 1914
857 HMS Black Prince United Kingdom Armored cruiser Crew North Sea May 31, 1916
684 Léon Gambetta  France Armored cruiser Crew Cephalonia April 29, 1915
646 SS Mendi United Kingdom Troopship Troops English Channel Feb 21, 1917
650 Bouvet  France Pre-dreadnought battleship Crew Dardanelles March 18, 1915
501 RMS Leinster United Kingdom Mail ship Military personnel Irish Sea October 10, 1918
598[8] SMS Gneisenau  Germany Armored cruiser Crew Falkland Islands December 8, 1914
570 HMS Goliath United Kingdom Battleship Crew Dardanelles May 13, 1915
524 HMS Hawke United Kingdom Cruiser Crew North Sea October 15, 1914

World War II[edit]

Estimate of death toll Name Country Ship type Principal casualties Where sunk Date
9,000[9] Wilhelm Gustloff  German Navy|Germany Cruise ship German refugees from Poland Baltic Sea January 30, 1945
6,000–6,700[10] Goya  German Navy|Germany Troopship Wounded, refugees Baltic Sea April 16, 1945
5,000–7,000[11] Armenia Soviet Union Hospital ship Wounded, refugees Black Sea November 7, 1941
5,000–7,000[12] Cap Arcona  German Navy|Germany Prison ship Concentration camp prisoners Baltic Sea May 3, 1945
5,620[13] Junyō Maru  Japan Hell ship Japanese laborers and Allied POWs Indian Ocean September 18, 1944
5,400[14] Toyama Maru  Japan Troopship Troops Sea of Japan June 29, 1944
4,998[15] Ryusei Maru  Japan Troopship Troops Bali Sea February 25, 1944
4,755[16] Tamatsu Maru  Japan Troopship Troops Off Luzon August 19, 1944
3,900[17]-5,000[18] Totila  German Navy|Germany Cargo ship Troops Crimean Peninsula May 10, 1944
4,074[19] Oria  German Navy|Germany Troopship Italian POWs Cape Sounion February 12, 1944
3,850[20] Orion  German Navy|Germany Auxiliary cruiser Refugees Baltic Sea May 4, 1945
3,000–5,800[21]
HMT Lancastria  United Kingdom Troopship Troops, refugees Bay of Biscay June 17, 1940
2,000–4,000 Teja  German Navy|Germany Cargo ship Troops Crimean Peninsula May 10, 1944
2,000–5,400[22] Ural Maru  Japan Troopship Wounded, troops South China Sea September 27, 1944
3,536[23] Mayasan Maru  Japan Troopship Troops East China Sea August 17, 1944
3,000–4,000[24] General von Steuben  German Navy|Germany Passenger ship Wounded, refugees Baltic Sea February 10, 1945
3,219[25] Nikkin Maru  Japan Troopship Troops Yellow Sea June 30, 1944
3,055[26][27]-3063[28] Yamato  Japan Battleship Crew Sea of Japan April 7, 1945
3,000[29] Tango Maru  Japan Hell ship Javanese laborers and Allied POWs Bali Sea February 25, 1944
2,765.[30] Lima Maru  Japan Troopship Troops southeast of the Gotō Islands February 8, 1944
2,750[31] Thielbek  Germany Prison ship Concentration camp prisoners Baltic Sea May 3, 1945
2,750[32] Lenin Soviet Union Passenger ship Passengers, troops Black Sea July 27, 1941
2,700[citation needed] Moero  German Navy|Germany Hospital ship Soldiers and civilians from Estonia Baltic Sea September 22, 1944
2,670[33] Petrella  Germany Cargo liner Italian POWs Suda Bay, Crete February 8, 1944
2,665[34] Teia Maru  Japan Troopship Troops Off of Luzon August 18, 1944
2,586[17] Yoshida Maru No. 1  Japan Troopship Troops Off of Luzon April 26, 1944
2,571[35] Rigel  Norway Cargo ship Troops, Soviet POWs Off Norway November 27, 1944
2,475[17] Sakito Maru  Japan Troopship Troops 625 miles east of Taiwan March 1, 1944
2,300[36] Akitsu Maru Japan Escort aircraft carrier Troops Manila Bay November 15, 1944
2,134[37] Hawaii Maru  Japan Troopship Troops East China Sea December 2, 1944
2;114[38] Edogawa Maru  Japan Troopship Troops Yellow sea[39] November 18, 1944
2,100+[40] Bismarck  German Navy|Germany Battleship Crew Atlantic Ocean May 27, 1941
2,098[41] Sinfra  Germany Cargo ship Italian POWs Suda Bay, Crete October 20, 1943
2,035[42] Kamakura Maru  Japan Troopship Soldiers and civilians Philippines Sea April 28, 1943
2,003[43] Awa Maru  Japan Hospital ship[44] Civilians Taiwan Straits April 1, 1945
2,000[45] Dainichi Maru  Japan Hell ship, troopship Troops Philippines Sea October 8, 1943
2,000[46] Salzburg  German Navy|Germany Cargo liner Russian POWs Black Sea October 1, 1942
2,000 Iosif Stalin Soviet Union Passenger ship Troops, crew Baltic Sea December 3, 1941
1,932[47] Scharnhorst  German Navy|Germany Battleship Crew Arctic Ocean December 26, 1943
1,796[48] Gaetano Donizetti  Italy Cargo ship Italian POWs Aegean Sea September 23, 1943
1,777[49] Arisan Maru  Japan Hell ship U.S. POWs China Sea October 24, 1944
1,747[50] Arabia Maru  Japan Troopship Troops South China Sea October 18, 1944
1,700[51] Takahito Maru  Japan Hospital ship Wounded, civilians Taiwan Strait March 19, 1943
1,658[52] RMS Laconia  United Kingdom Armed merchant cruiser Italian POWs, civilians South Atlantic September 12, 1942
660[53]-1,650[54] Taihō  Japan Aircraft carrier Crew Philippine Sea Mar 7, 1944
1,636[55] Yamashiro  Japan Battleship Crew Surigao Strait October 25, 1944
1,540[56] Koshu Maru  Japan Hell ship Passengers, Allied POWs Indonesia August 4, 1944
1,529[57] Tsushima Maru  Japan Passenger ship Schoolchildren, civilians Sea of Japan August 22, 1944
1,470[58] Chiyoda  Japan Light aircraft carrier Crew Philippines Sea October 25, 1944
1,450[59] Maebashi Maru  Japan Troopship Troops Pacific Ocean September 30, 1943
1,435[60] Shinano  Japan Aircraft carrier Crew Pacific Ocean November 29, 1944
1,430[61] Jinyo Maru  Japan Cargo ship Troops South China Sea December 7, 1944
1,428[62] Shiranesan Maru (I)  Japan Troopship Troops South China Sea October 18, 1944
1,415[63] HMS Hood  United Kingdom Battlecruiser Crew Denmark Strait May 24, 1941
1,400[64] Fusō  Japan Battleship Crew Surigao Strait October 25, 1944
1,400[65] Chikuma  Japan Heavy cruiser Crew Philippine Sea October 25, 1944
1,400[66] Tatsuta Maru  Japan Troopship Troops Sea of Japan February 9, 1943
1,384[67] Fuso Maru  Japan Troopship Troops South China Sea July 31, 1944
1,300[68] Mario Roselli  Italy Cargo ship Italian POWs Corfu Bay October 10, 1943
1,291[69] Conte Rosso  Italy Troopship Troops Mediterranean Sea May 24, 1941
1.288[70] Yasukuni Maru  Japan Troopship Technical personnel Philippines Sea January 31, 1944
1,279[71] Khedive Ismail  Egypt Troopship Troops Indian Ocean February 12, 1944
1,263[72] Shōkaku  Japan Aircraft carrier Crew Philippine Sea June 19, 1944
1,253[73] Roma  Italy Battleship Crew Mediterranean September 8, 1943
1,250[74] Kongō  Japan Battleship Crew Formosa Strait November 21, 1944
1,243[75] Chuyo  Japan Aircraft carrier Crew Izu Islands December 4, 1943
1,240[76] Unryū  Japan Escort aircraft carrier Crew East China Sea December 19, 1944
1,207[77] HMS Glorious  United Kingdom Aircraft carrier Crew Norwegian Sea June 8, 1940
1,177 USS Arizona (BB-39)  United States Battleship Crew Pearl Harbor December 7, 1941
1,159[78] Rakuyo Maru  Japan Hell ship British and Australian POWs South China Sea September 12, 1944
1,138[79] Rohna  United Kingdom Troopship U.S. troops, crew Mediterranean November 26, 1943
1,124[80] Montevideo Maru  Japan Hell ship Australian POWs, civilians Philippine Sea? July 1, 1942
1,121[81] Mutsu  Japan Battleship Crew, flying cadets Hashirajima (Japan) June 8, 1943
1,118[82] Hakozaki Maru  Japan Troopship Troops Yellow Sea March 19, 1945
1,023[83] Musashi  Japan Battleship Crew Leyte Gulf October 24, 1944
1,000[84] Eiwa Maru  Japan Tanker ship Troops South China Sea November 13, 1944
991[85] Galilea  Italy Troopship Italian alpine troops, Italian carabinieri, Greek POWs Mediterranean Sea March 28, 1942
956–1,025[86] Neuwerk  German Navy|Germany Cargo ship Refugees, railway workers, doctors Baltic Sea April 10, 1945
977[87] Bretagne  France Battleship Crew Mers El Kébir July 3, 1940
850–1,100[88] Shuntien  United Kingdom Defensively equipped merchant ship Italian and German POWs, British soldiers, and crew Mediterranean Sea December 23, 1941
970[89] Karlsruhe  German Navy|Germany Cargo ship Passengers, crew Baltic sea April 13, 1945
956[90] Taihei Maru  Japan Troopship Troops Sea of Okhotsk July 9, 1944
954[91] Palatia  German Navy|Germany Passenger ship Crew, Soviet POWs Off Lindesnes October 21, 1942
946[92] Exercise Tiger  United Kingdom Military exercise U.S. troops South Devon April 28, 1944
945[93] Aikoku Maru  Japan Armed merchant cruiser Troops Pacific Ocean February 17, 1944
918[94] Corregidor  United States Ocean liner Passengers, crew South China Sea December 12, 1941
920 Blücher  German Navy|Germany Heavy cruiser Troops, crew Oslofjord April 9, 1940
903[95] Chitose  Japan Light aircraft carrier Crew Philippines Sea October 25, 1944
800[96]-901[97] Unyō  Japan Escort aircraft carrier Crew South China Sea September 17, 1944
900[98] Haguro  Japan Heavy cruiser Crew Strait of Malacca May 16, 1945
895[99] Tirpitz  German Navy|Germany Battleship Crew Tromsø November 12, 1944
883[100] USS Indianapolis  United States Heavy cruiser Crew Philippine Sea July 30, 1945
881[101] Nachi  Japan Heavy cruiser Crew Manila Bay November 5, 1944
862[102] HMS Barham  United Kingdom Battleship Crew Mediterranean Sea November 25, 1941
858[103] RMS Nova Scotia  United Kingdom Troopship Passengers, British military and naval personnel, South African guards, Italian civil internees Indian Ocean November 28, 1942
846[104] Lisbon Maru  Japan Hell ship British and Canadian POWs East China Sea October 1, 1942
843[105] Zuikaku  Japan Aircraft carrier Crew Leyte Gulf October 25, 1944
833[106] HMS Royal Oak  United Kingdom Battleship Crew Scapa Flow October 14, 1939
817[107] Taiyo Maru  Japan Passenger ship Passengers, crew East China Sea May 8, 1942
814[108] Kaga  Japan Aircraft carrier Crew Midway June 4, 1942
808[109] Leopoldville  Belgium Troopship U.S. troops English Channel December 24, 1944
791 Struma  Panama Passenger Crew Black Sea February 24, 1942
718 Sōryū  Japan Aircraft carrier Crew Midway June 4, 1942
693 USS Houston  United States Heavy cruiser Crew Java Sea March 1, 1942
655 Ceramic  United Kingdom Passenger Civilians Atlantic Ocean December 6, 1942
645 HMAS Sydney  United Kingdom Light cruiser Crew Indian Ocean November 19, 1941
631 Shōhō  Japan Aircraft carrier Crew Coral Sea May 7, 1942
549 Ukishima Maru  Japan Transport Korean forced laborers Maizuru, Japan August 24, 1945
518 HMS Courageous  United Kingdom Aircraft carrier Crew Irish coast September 17, 1939
513 HMS Repulse  United Kingdom Battlecruiser Crew South China Sea December 10, 1941
484 Yoma  United Kingdom Troopship Crew, British Army troops, and Free French Navy personnel[110] Mediterranean June 17, 1943
353 HMAS Perth  United Kingdom Light cruiser Crew Sunda Strait March 1, 1942
338 HMS Curacoa  United Kingdom Light cruiser Crew Atlantic Ocean October 2, 1942
327 HMS Prince of Wales  United Kingdom Battleship Crew South China Sea December 10, 1941
271 Ilmarinen  Finland Coastal defence ship Crew Baltic Sea September 13, 1941
159 USS Asheville  United States Gunboat Crew Java Sea March 3, 1942
137 Caribou Canada Ferry Passengers, crew Cabot Strait October 14, 1942

Post-World War II[edit]

Estimate of death toll Name Country Ship type Principal casualties Where sunk Date
2,750 SS Kiangya  China Steamship Refugees Huangpu River, Shanghai December 3, 1948
323 ARA General Belgrano  Argentina Cruiser Crewmen South Atlantic May 2, 1982
194 INS Khukri  India Frigate Crewmen Arabian Sea December 8, 1971
34 USS Liberty  United States Spy ship Crewmen Mediterranean Sea June 8, 1967
20 HMS Sheffield  United Kingdom Guided missile destroyer Crewmen South Atlantic May 4, 1982

Terrorist attacks[edit]

This section lists terrorist attacks in which at least 50 individuals were killed.

Estimated death toll Name Political ideology Country Location Year
2,996 September 11 attacks Islamic extremism United States New York City, Arlington County, Virginia, and Stonycreek Township (near Shanksville, Pennsylvania) 2001
1,566–1,700 Camp Speicher massacre Islamic extremism Iraq Camp Speicher, Tikrit 2014
860 2008 Christmas massacres Christian extremism (Lord's Resistance Army) Democratic Republic of the Congo several villages in Haut-Uele District 2008
600–774 1990 massacre of Sri Lankan Police officers Tamil nationalism/separatism Sri Lanka Eastern Province 1990
587 14 October 2017 Mogadishu bombings Islamic extremism Somalia Mogadishu 2017
500+ 2007 Yazidi communities bombings Islamic extremism Iraq Kahtaniya and Adnaniyah 2007
422 Cinema Rex fire Unknown Iran Abadan, Iran 1978
385 Beslan school hostage crisis Islamic extremism/Chechen separatism Russia Beslan 2004
341 2016 Karrada bombing Islamic extremism Iraq Baghdad 2016
329 Air India Flight 182 Sikh extremism Ireland Irish Atlantic airspace 1985
321–345 Makombo massacre Christian extremism (Lord's Resistance Army) Democratic Republic of the Congo Haut-Uele District 2009
318 2018 As-Suwayda attacks Islamic extremism Syria As-Suwayda Governorate 2018
307 1983 Beirut barracks bombing State-sponsored Islamic extremism Lebanon Beirut 1983
305 2017 Sinai attack Islamic extremism Egypt Bir al-Abed 2017
300+ 2014 Gamboru Ngala attack Islamic extremism Nigeria Gamboru Ngala 2014
300 Atiak massacre Christian extremism (Lord's Resistance Army) Uganda Atiak 1995
293 Russian apartment bombings Disputed Russia Moscow, Volgodonsk, Buynaksk 1999
270 Pan Am Flight 103 State-sponsored terrorism United Kingdom Lockerbie, Scotland 1988
257 1993 Bombay bombings Organized crime India Mumbai 1993
252 2001 Angola train attack Separatism Angola 2001
245+ Massacre of Trujillo Narcoterrorism Colombia Trujillo, Valle del Cauca 1990
244 1979 Grand Mosque seizure Islamic extremism Saudi Arabia 1979
238 MV Dara Unknown; possibly Omani separatists Southwest Asia Persian Gulf 1961
258–270 Kobani massacre Islamic extremism Syria Kobani 2015
224 Metrojet Flight 9268 Islamic extremism Egypt Sinai Peninsula 2015
224 1998 United States embassy bombings Islamic extremism Kenya,
Tanzania
Nairobi,
Dar es Salaam
1998
215 23 November 2006 Sadr City bombings Islamic extremism Iraq Sadr City 2006
209 2006 Mumbai train bombings Islamic extremism India Mumbai 2006
204[a] Lawrence massacre White supremacism Kansas Douglas County 1863
202 2002 Bali bombings Islamic extremism Indonesia Bali 2002
200–800 Rais massacre Islamic extremism Algeria village of Rais, near Sidi Moussa and south of Algiers 1997
200–400 Bentalha massacre Islamic extremism Algeria village of Bentalha about 15 km south of Algiers 1997
198 18 April 2007 Baghdad bombings Islamic extremism Iraq Baghdad 2007
192 2004 Madrid train bombings Islamic extremism Spain Madrid 2004
185 20 January 2012 Nigeria attacks Islamic extremism Nigeria Mubi, Yola, Gombi, Maiduguri and Kano 2012
184+ Jableh and Tartous bombings Islamic extremism Syria Jableh and Tartous 2016
180 2007 Karachi bombing Islamic extremism Pakistan Karachi 2007
178+ 2004 Ashura bombings in Iraq Islamic extremism Iraq Kerbala and Baghdad 2004
175 2008 Mumbai attacks Islamic extremism India Mumbai 2008
171 UTA Flight 772 State-sponsored terrorism Niger 1989
170 Moscow theater hostage crisis Chechen separatism Russia Moscow 2002
168 Kizlyar-Pervomayskoye hostage crisis Chechen separatism Russia Kizlyar, Pervomayskoye [ru], and Sovetskoye 1996
168 Oklahoma City bombing Militia movement United States Oklahoma City 1995
165+ 2000 Walisongo school massacre Christian terrorism Indonesia Poso 2000
156 2014 Peshawar school attack Islamic extremism Pakistan Peshawar 2014
155 October 2009 Baghdad bombings Islamic extremism Iraq Baghdad 2009
154 13 July 2018 Pakistan bombings Islamic extremism Pakistan Mastung, Bannu 2018
152 2015 Garissa University College attack Islamic extremism Kenya Garissa 2015
152 2007 Tal Afar bombings and massacre Islamic extremism Iraq Tal Afar 2007
150+ May 2017 Kabul attack Unknown Afghanistan Kabul 2017
150-2,000 2015 Baga massacre Islamic extremism Nigeria Baga 2015
150 St Nedelya Church assault Communism - Bulgarian Communist Party Bulgaria Sofia 1925
148 Gyaneshwari Express train derailment Communism India 2010
145 July 2015 Kukawa massacre Islamic extremism Nigeria Kukawa 2015
145 September 2015 Maiduguri bombing Islamic extremism Nigeria Maiduguri 2015
142 2015 Sana'a mosque bombings Islamic extremism Yemen Sana'a 2015
141 Brak El-Shati airbase raid Islamic extremism Libya Wadi al Shatii District 2017
140—256 2017 Camp Shaheen attack Islamic extremism Afghanistan Mazar-e-Sharif 2017
140 Budyonnovsk hospital hostage crisis Chechen separatism Russia Budyonnovsk 1995
137 November 2015 Paris attacks Islamic extremism France Paris 2015
135 February 3, 2007 Baghdad market bombing Islamic extremism Iraq Baghdad 2007
134 February 2016 Sayyidah Zaynab bombings Islamic extremism Iraq Sayyidah Zaynab 2016
133+ January 2011 Iraq suicide attacks Islamic extremism Iraq 2011
132 January 2016 Iraq attacks Islamic extremism Iraq Baghdad Miqdadiyah 2016
130 2015 Khan Bani Saad bombing Islamic extremism Iraq Khan Bani Saad 2015
130 Rafiganj train disaster Communism India Rafiganj 2002
127 Peshawar church attack Islamic extremism Pakistan Peshawar 2013
127 December 2009 Baghdad bombings Islamic extremism Iraq Baghdad 2009
127 2005 Al Hillah bombing Unknown Iraq Al Hillah 2005
126 2017 Aleppo suicide car bombing Unknown Syria Aleppo 2017
125 November 2016 Hillah suicide truck bombing Islamic extremism Iraq Hillah 2016
125 Ethiopian Airlines Flight 961 Unknown Indian Ocean 1996
120+ 5 January 2006 Iraq bombings Islamic extremism Iraq Karbala, Ramadi 2006
120 2007 Al Hillah bombings Islamic extremism Iraq Al Hillah 2007
120 2012 Sana'a bombing Islamic extremism Yemen Sana'a 2012
120 Palace of Justice siege 19th of April Movement Colombia Bogotá 1985
119 Bojayá massacre United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia Colombia Choco 2002
117 28 October 2009 Peshawar bombing Islamic extremism Pakistan Peshawar 2009
117 2004 Irbil bombings Islamic extremism Iraq Irbil 2004
116 2004 SuperFerry 14 bombing Islamic extremism Philippines 2004
115 2006 São Paulo violence outbreak Primeiro Comando da Capital Brazil São Paulo 2006
114+ 10 May 2010 Iraq attacks Islamic extremism Iraq Baghdad 2010
114 March 2017 Damascus bombings Islamic extremism Syria Damascus 2017
113+ 2 November 2010 Baghdad bombings Islamic extremism Iraq Baghdad 2010
112 September 14, 2005 Baghdad bombing Islamic extremism Iraq Baghdad 2005
112 Avianca Flight 203 Narcoterrorism Colombia 1989
112 Gulf Air Flight 771 Palestinian nationalism United Arab Emirates Dubai 1983
110 10 October 2008 Orakzai bombing Islamic extremism Pakistan Orakzai 2008
109 2015 Ankara bombings Islamic extremism Turkey Ankara 2015
105 2010 Lakki Marwat suicide bombing Islamic extremism Pakistan Lakki Marwat 2010
104 Mohmand Agency attack Islamic extremism Pakistan Mohmand Agency 2010
103 2018 Kabul ambulance bombing Islamic extremism Afghanistan Kabul 2018
102+ December 2016 Aden suicide bombings Islamic extremism Yemen Aden 2016
102 First Tyre truck bombing attack Islamic extremism Lebanon Tyre 1982
101 May 2016 Baghdad bombings Islamic extremism Iraq Baghdad 2016
101 19 August 2009 Baghdad bombings Islamic extremism Iraq Baghdad 2009
100+ March 2017 Kabul attack Islamic extremism Afghanistan Kabul 2017
100+ 2011 Damaturu attacks Islamic extremism Nigeria 2011
100 2011 Mogadishu bombing Islamic extremism Somalia Mogadishu 2011
100 2008 Kandahar bombing Islamic extremism Afghanistan Kandahar 2008
100 Musayyib fuel tanker bombing Islamic extremism Iraq Musayyib 2005
100 Malaysian Airline System Flight 653 hijacking Communism Malaysia Tanjung Kupang 1977
100 Bolgrad palace bombing Bessarabian separatism Romania Bolgrad 1921
99+ Kha Maung Seik massacre Rohingya nationalism/Islamic extremism Myanmar Maungdaw District 2017
98 May 2010 attacks on Ahmadi mosques in Lahore Islamic extremism Pakistan Lahore 2010
98 1 February 2008 Baghdad bombings Islamic extremism Iraq Baghdad 2008
96+ June 2017 Pakistan bombings Islamic extremism Pakistan Quetta, Parachinar, Karachi 2017
92 2017 Sehwan suicide bombing Islamic extremism Pakistan Sehwan 2017
91 King David Hotel bombing far-right extremism Mandatory Palestine Jerusalem 1946
90 2005 Sharm el-Sheikh attacks Islamic extremism Egypt Sharm el-Sheikh 2005
89 Russian airplane bombings Chechen separatism Russia Moscow 2004
88 TWA Flight 841 Palestinian nationalism Ionian Sea 1974
88 22 January 2007 Baghdad bombings Islamic extremism Iraq Baghdad 2007
87 2016 Nice attack Islamic extremism France Nice 2016
86 2018 Mubi suicide bombings Islamic extremism Nigeria Mubi 2018
86 AMIA Bombing Islamic extremism/State-sponsored terrorism Argentina Buenos Aires 1994
85 April 2010 Baghdad bombings Islamic extremism Iraq Baghdad 2010
85 Buratha Mosque bombing Islamic extremism Iraq Baghdad 2006
85 Stazione Centrale bombing Neo-fascism Italy Bologna 1980
84 2017 Nasiriyah attacks Islamic extremism Iraq Nasiriyah 2017
83 2002 Grozny truck bombing Chechen separatism Russia Grozny 2002
83 Imam Ali Mosque bombing Islamic extremism Iraq Najaf 2003
81 2008 Assam bombings Assamese separatism India Assam 2008
80+ July 2016 Kabul bombing Islamic extremism Afghanistan Kabul 2016
80 Jaipur bombings Islamic extremism India Jaipur 2008
80 1985 Beirut car bombing State-sponsored terrorism Lebanon Beirut 1985
78 Bombing of Cubana de Aviación Flight 455 Anti-Castroism Cuba Atlantic Ocean 1976
77 2011 Norway attacks Neo-fascism Norway Oslo and Utøya 2011
77 2017 Gao bombing Islamic extremism Mali Gao 2017
76 February 12, 2007 Baghdad bombings Islamic extremism Iraq Baghdad 2007
76 2010 Maoist attack in Dantewada Maoism India Dantewada, Chhattisgarh 2010
75+ La Coubre explosion Anti-Castroism Cuba Havana 1960
75 2007 Baghlan sugar factory bombing Islamic extremism Afghanistan Baghlan 2008
75 2016 Lahore suicide bombing Islamic extremism Pakistan Lahore 2016
74 July 2010 Kampala attacks Islamic extremism Uganda Kampala 2010
74 2005 Khanaqin bombings Islamic extremism Iraq Khanaqin 2005
74 21 April 2004 Basra bombings Islamic extremism Iraq Basra 2004
74 2004 Kufa shelling Unknown Iraq Kufa 2004
73+ September 2010 Quetta bombing Islamic extremism Pakistan Quetta 2010
73 20 June 2009 Taza bombing Islamic extremism Iraq Taza 2009
73 Hafte Tir bombing Communism Iran Tehran 1981
72+ March 2010 Lahore bombings Islamic extremism Pakistan Lahore 2010
70+ July 2010 Baghdad attacks Islamic extremism Iraq Baghdad 2010
70 February 2016 Baghdad bombings Islamic extremism Iraq Baghdad 2016
70 2008 Wah bombing Islamic extremism Pakistan Wah 2008
70 2007 Baghdad Mustansiriya University bombing Unclear Iraq Baghdad 2007
69+ 17 August 2010 Baghdad bombings Islamic extremism Iraq Baghdad 2010
69+ 2017 Borno State attack Islamic extremism Nigeria Borno State 2010
69 April 2018 Kabul suicide bombing Islamic extremism Afghanistan Kabul 2018
69 June 2009 Baghdad bombing Islamic extremism Iraq Baghdad 2009
68 6 March 2008 Baghdad bombing Islamic extremism Iraq Baghdad 2008
68 2007 Samjhauta Express bombings Disputed India 2007
68 2004 Baqubah bombing Unclear Iraq Baqubah 2004
67 Westgate shopping mall shooting Islamic extremism Kenya Nairobi 2013
67 In Amenas hostage crisis Islamic extremism Algeria In Amenas 2013
67 19 December 2004 Karbala and Najaf bombings Islamic extremism Iraq Karbala 2004
67 1929 Hebron massacre Palestinian nationalism Mandatory Palestine Hebron 1929
66 2010 Darra Adam Khel mosque bombing Islamic extremism Pakistan Darra Adam Khel 2010
66 Cyprus Airways Flight 284 Unknown Mediterranean Sea 1967
64 February 2016 Homs bombings Islamic extremism Syria Homs 2016
64 April 2016 Kabul attack Islamic extremism Afghanistan Kabul 2016
63 Luxor massacre Islamic extremism Egypt Luxor 1997
63 12 February 2007 Baghdad bombings Islamic extremism Iraq Baghdad 2007
63 DAS Building bombing Narcoterrorism Colombia Bogotá 1989
63 Iraqi Airways Flight 163 Islamic extremism Saudi Arabia Arar 1986
63 April 1983 US Embassy bombing Islamic extremism Lebanon Beirut 1983
62 1999 Vladikavkaz bombing Chechen separatism Russia Vladikavkaz 1999
62 1 July 2006 Sadr City bombing Islamic extremism Iraq Sadr City 2006
62 29 October 2005 Delhi bombings Islamic extremism India Delhi 2005
62 24 June 2004 Mosul bombings Islamic extremism Iraq Mosul 2004
60 2005 Amman bombings Islamic extremism Jordan Amman 2005
60 EgyptAir Flight 648 Palestinian nationalism Greece Athens 1985
60 Second Tyre truck bombing attack Islamic extremism Lebanon Tyre 1983
60 January 2017 Azaz bombing Islamic extremism Syria Azaz 2017
59 2018 African Union base attack in Bulo Marer Islamic extremism Somalia Bulo Marer 2018
59 January 2017 Baghdad bombings Islamic extremism Iraq Baghdad 2017
59 2003 Znamenskoye suicide bombing Chechen separatism Russia Znamenskoye 2003
58 2010 Baghdad church attack Islamic extremism Iraq Baghdad 2010
58 6 April 2010 Baghdad bombings Islamic extremism Iraq Baghdad 2010
58 April 2010 Kohat bombings Islamic extremism Pakistan Kohat 2010
58 2008 Indian embassy bombing in Kabul Islamic extremism Afghanistan Kabul 2008
58 1948 Ben Yehuda Street bombing Palestinian nationalism Mandatory Palestine Jerusalem 1948
57 August 2016 Gaziantep bombing Islamic extremism Turkey Gaziantep 2016
57 Nishtar Park bombing Islamic extremism Pakistan Karachi 2006
57 2003 Istanbul Bombings Islamic extremism Turkey Istanbul 2003
56 2008 Ahmedabad bombings Islamic extremism India Ahmedabad 2008
56 7 July 2005 London bombings Islamic extremism United Kingdom London 2005
54 1 February 2010 Baghdad bombing Islamic extremism Iraq Baghdad 2010
54 December 2009 Lahore attacks Unclear Pakistan Lahore 2009
54 Islamabad Marriott Hotel bombing Islamic extremism Pakistan Islamabad 2008
53+ 25 August 2010 Iraq bombings Islamic extremism/Baathism Iraq Kut 2010
52 2011 Monterrey casino attack Narcoterrorism Mexico Monterrey 2011
52 2003 Mumbai bombings Islamic extremism India Mumbai 2003
52 Reyhanlı bombings Disputed Turkey Reyhanlı 2013
51 17 June 2008 Baghdad bombing Unknown Iraq Baghdad 2008
50+ Dera Ghazi Khan bombings Islamic extremism Pakistan Dera Ghazi Khan 2011
50+ December 2010 Mohmand Agency bombings Islamic extremism Pakistan Mohmand Agency 2010
50 February 2018 Mogadishu attack Islamic extremism Somalia Mogadishu 2018
50 December 2017 Kabul suicide bombing Islamic extremism Afghanistan Kabul 2017
50 2016 Orlando nightclub shooting Islamic extremism United States Orlando 2016
50 5 April 2010 Peshawar bombings Islamic extremism Pakistan Peshawar 2010
50 July 2010 Lahore bombings Unknown Pakistan Lahore 2010

Mass unrest, riots and pogroms[edit]

This section lists events in which at least 100 individuals were killed from riots or mass unrest.

Estimate of death toll Name Country Location(s) Date
200,000–2,000,000 Partition of India and Pakistan India Punjab and Bengal 1947
200,000–300,000 La Violencia Colombia Country-wide 1948–1960
85,000–87,000 1959 Tibetan uprising Tibet Lhasa 1959
60,000–80,000 Massacre of the Latins Byzantium Constantinople 1182
10,000–40,000 1932 Salvadoran peasant uprising El Salvador 1932
30,000 Adana massacre Turkey Adana 1909
30,000 1946 Bihar riots India Bihar 1946
30,000 Nika riots Byzantium Constantinople 532
10,000–30,000 February 28 Incident China (present-day Taiwan) 1947
5,000–30,000 St. Bartholomew's Day massacre France Paris 1572
10,000–20,000 Romanian Peasants' Revolt Romania 1907
6,667–20,000 La semaine sanglante France Paris 1871
13,000–15,500 August Uprising Soviet Union Georgia 1924
14,028 Jeju Uprising Southern Korea, present-day South Korea Jeju island 1948
13,266 Iași pogrom Romania Iaşi 1941
300–10,454 Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 China Beijing 1989
3,000–10,000 8888 Uprising Burma/Myanmar 1987–1993
2,800–8,000 1984 anti-Sikh riots India New Delhi 1984
7,500 March 1st Movement Japanese Korea, present-day South Korea Keijo (present-day Seoul) 1919
4,179–4,354 Second Intifada Israel/Palestinian territories 2000–2005
4,000 1066 Granada massacre Spain Granada 1066
132–4,000 1905 Bloody Sunday Russia Saint Petersburg 1905
3,800 Pitchfork Uprising Russia 1920
2,781 Iranian Revolution[111] Iran 1979
2,300 Santa María School massacre Chile Iquique 1907
2,204 First Intifada Israel/Palestinian territories 1987
2,000 Gwangju Uprising South Korea Gwangju 1980
100–2,000 Banana Massacre Colombia Ciénaga 1928
1,900 Lisbon massacre Portugal Lisbon 1506
1,652[112] 1994 South African transitional violence South Africa 1994
1,526 Jallianwala Bagh (Amritsar) massacre British India Amritsar 1919
1,500 Andijan massacre Uzbekistan Andijan 2005
1,000–1,200 May 1998 riots of Indonesia Indonesia Jakarta, Medan, Surakarta 1998
1,104 Romanian Revolution of 1989 Romania Bucharest and major cities 1989
1,000 Kronstadt rebellion Russia Kronstadt 1921
1,000[113][114] 2008 Kenyan election protests Kenya 2008
500–1,000[115][116] 2005 Togolese democracy protests Togo 2005
893 2010 South Kyrgyzstan ethnic clashes Kyrgyzstan 2010
855+ Assam Movement India 1979–1985
121–797 Euromaidan Ukraine Kiev 2014
700 Kengir uprising Soviet Union Kazakhstan 1954
100–600 Soweto uprising South Africa Soweto 1976
322–420 Lwów pogrom (1918) Poland Lwów 1918
400 Iranian pilgrim riot Saudi Arabia Mecca 1987
360+ Telangana movement (Hyderabad) India Hyderabad 1969
338 Tunisian Revolution Tunisia 2010–2011
317[117] 2018 Nicaraguan protests Nicaragua Country-wide 2018
300 Tulsa riot United States Tulsa 1921
285 Gordon Riots Great Britain 1780
249 1929 Palestine riots British Mandate for Palestine 1929
105–242 Elaine riot United States Elaine 1919
215 Military Police of Espírito Santo strike Brazil Espírito Santo 2017
32-200+ Sumgait pogrom Soviet Union Sumgait 1988
196 13 May incident Malaysia Kuala Lumpur 1969
165 2017 Venezuelan protests Venezuela Nationwide 2017
155 Bucharest pogrom Romania Bucharest 1941
142 Durban riots South Africa Durban 1949
140+ 2017 Brazil prison riots Brazil 2017
139[118] Muhammad cartoon riots Nigeria, Libya, Pakistan, and Afghanistan 2006
119–120 New York City draft riots United States New York City 1863
111 Carandiru massacre Brazil São Paulo 1992
110 Baku pogrom Soviet Union Baku 1990
100 Georgian de-Stalinization riots Georgia Country-wide 1956
100 Napoleon's "whiff of grapeshot" France Paris 1795
100 Kiev Pogrom (1905) Russia Kiev 1921

Human sacrifice and mass suicide[edit]

This section lists notable individual episodes of mass suicide or human sacrifice. For tolls arising from the systematic practice of suicide or sacrifice, see Human sacrifice and ritual suicide.

Low
Estimate of death toll
High
Estimate of death toll
Type Event Perpetrator(s) Location Date
< 40,000 80,400 Mass suicide, murder Battle of Okinawa Japanese civilians Japan 1945
8,000 Mass suicide Battle of Saipan Japanese civilians Mariana Islands 1944
3,000 80,400 Mass human sacrifice Re-consecration of the Great Pyramid of Tenochtitlan Aztecs Templo Mayor, Tenochtitlan 1487
960 Mass suicide Siege of Masada Jewish zealots Judea 73
913 Mass suicide, murder Jonestown massacre Peoples Temple Guyana 1978
300 1,000 Mass suicide Movement for the Restoration of the Ten Commandments of God Uganda March 2000
217[119] Murder-suicide Crashing of EgyptAir Flight 990[119] Airline pilot[119] Atlantic Ocean[119] October 31, 1999[119]
150 Murder-suicide Crashing of Germanwings Flight 9525 Airline pilot France March 24, 2015
104 Murder-suicide Crashing of SilkAir Flight 185 Airline pilot Indonesia December 19, 1997
53 Mass suicide Order of the Solar Temple Switzerland and Canada 1994
44 44 Murder-suicide Crashing of Royal Air Maroc Flight 630 Airline pilot Morocco August 21, 1994
39 Mass suicide Heaven's Gate California 1997
33 33 Murder-suicide Crashing of LAM Mozambique Airlines Flight 470 Airline pilot Namibia November 29, 2013
24 Murder-suicide Crashing of Japan Airlines Flight 350 Airline pilot Japan February 9, 1982
16 Mass suicide Order of the Solar Temple France December 23, 1995

See also[edit]

Other lists organized by death toll[edit]

Other lists with similar topics[edit]

Topics dealing with similar themes[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Death toll includes both U.S. victims and Confederate perpetrators; was the deadliest terrorist attack perpetrated against Americans in the U.S. until the Oklahoma City bombing of 1995.

References[edit]

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External links[edit]