List of non-state terrorist incidents
The following is a list of non-state terrorist incidents that have not been carried out by a state or its forces (see state terrorism and state-sponsored terrorism). Assassinations are listed at List of assassinated people.
Definitions of terrorism vary, so incidents listed here are restricted to those that:
- are not approved by the legitimate authority of a recognized state
- are illegally perpetrated against people or property
- are done to further political, religious, or ideological objectives
|1865–1877||Murders||c. 3,000||unknown||United States||c. 3,000 Freedmen and their Republican Party allies are killed by the Ku Klux Klan and well-organized campaigns of violence by other local whites in a campaign of terrorist violence that weakens the reconstructionist governments in the American South and helped re-establish legitimized segregation.||Ku Klux Klan||Reconstruction|
|13 December 1867||Prison escape||12||120||UK||The "Clerkenwell Outrage": a bomb was exploded next to a wall of Clerkenwell Prison as an attempt to abet the escape of an arms dealer||Fenian Society|
|1880||Assassination||1||0||Russia||Assassination of General Louis Melikoff|
|1881||Assassination by Bombing||2||12||St.Petersburg, Russia||Assassination of Tsar Alexander II of Russia.||Nikolay Rysakov and Ignacy Hryniewiecki members of 'Narodnaya Volya ' terrorist group.|
|1881-5||Bombing||0 (+3)||98||Great Britain||Fenian dynamite campaign||Irish Republican Brotherhood|
|1884||Assassination||2||0||Russia||Assassination of Colonel Soudekine, Chief of Police.||Nilhists|
|4 May 1886||Bombing||7 (+4)||160+||Chicago||Haymarket Affair. A peaceful rally in Haymarket, Chicago, Illinois, is disrupted when a bomb was detonated as police were dispersing the public demonstration.||FOTLU|
|23 July 1892||Assassination attempt||0||1 (+1)||Pittsburgh||Alexander Berkman, a Russian expatriate, attempts to assassinate Henry Clay Frick, an American industrialist, financier, and art patron, in Pittsburgh. Berkman is arrested and Frick survives. Berkman claims inspiration from the Haymarket Affair.||Alexander Berkman|
|9 December 1893||Bombing||0||20||Paris||French anarchist Auguste Vaillant bombs the French Chamber of Deputies injuring 20 deputies.||Auguste Vaillant|
|26 August 1896||Hijacking||10+||0||Constantinople, Ottoman Empire||Occupation of the Ottoman Bank by Armenian separatists. A resulting anti-Armenian pogrom killed around 6,000 individuals.||Armenian Revolutionary Federation|
|July 29th 1900||Assassination||1||0||Monza, Italy||Gaetano Bresci and Italian-American Anarchist assasinated Umberto I of Italy||Gaetano Bresci|
|15th April 1902||Assassination||1||0||St.Petersburg, Russia||Minister of the Interior Dmitri Sipyagin assassinated in the Marinsky Theatre.||Socialist Revolutionary Stepan Balmashov.|
|28 April - 1 May 1903||Bombings||0 (+4)||Thessaloniki||Members of the Boatmen of Thessaloníki, a Bulgarian anarchist group, carry out a series of bombings in Thessaloniki.||Boatmen of Thessaloníki|
|18 May 1904||Kidnapping||0||2 kidnapped||Morocco||Ion Perdicaris and Cromwell Varley are kidnapped and held for ransom by bandit Mulai Ahmed er Raisuli in Morocco.||Mulai Ahmed er Raisuli and followers|
|15th february 1905||Bombing||2||1||Russia||Assassination of Grand Duke Serge Alexandrovich Romanov by Socialist-revolutionaries. His coach driver Andrei Rudinkin was also killed.||Socialist -Revolutionary Ivan Kalyayev|
|25 August 1906||Bombing||28||Several||Aptekarsky Island||28 people are killed when three terrorists bombed a reception in an attempt to assassinate Pyotr Stolypin.||Union of Socialists Revolutionaries Maximalists|
|11/12 July 1908||Bombing||1||23||Malmö||Night between 11 and 12 July: Bombing of the boat Amalthea where British strikebreakers lived by Anton Nilsson. One was killed and 23 wounded.||Anton Nilsson|
|1 October 1910||Bombing||21||100+||Los Angeles||Los Angeles Times bombing kills 21 people and wounds over 100 others.||John J. and James B. McNamara|
|14th September 1911||Shooting||1||0||Kiev, USSR||Assassination of Pyotyr Stolypin Russian Prime Minister||Dmitri Bogrov, Revolutionary|
|1912-14||various||1||0||United Kingdom||Protest campaign by militant suffragettes campaigning for women's right to vote, including acts of disruption and violence aimed at property||Women's Social and Political Union|
|June 1914||Shooting||2||1||Sarajevo, Yugoslavia||Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne.||Gavrilo Princip Bosnian-Serb revolutionary|
|22 July 1916||Bombing||10||40||San Francisco||Preparedness Day Bombing was a bombing in San Francisco, California on July 22, 1916, when the city held a parade in anticipation of the United States' entry into World War I. During the parade, a suitcase bomb was detonated, killing ten and wounding forty.||Galleanist anarchists (suspected)|
|16 September 1920||Bombing||38||300||New York City||Wall Street bombing kills 38 people and wounds 300 others.||Galleanist anarchists (suspected)||Red Scare|
|14 October 1920||Bombings||1||10||Trieste||In Trieste, nationalists throw six bombs at the editorial office of a Socialist newspaper, resulting in one death and ten injuries.||Italian nationalists|
|15 October 1920||Bombings||0||2||Milan||In Milan, anarchists are responsible for throwing two bombs at a hotel holding a British delegation attending the Milan International Conference; there are two injuries.||Anarchists|
|8 December 1920||Bombing||3||3||Bucharest||An improvised explosive device placed by a left-wing terrorist group blows up in the Romanian Senate, killing the Minister of Justice and two other senators. Likewise, President of the Senate and two Orthodox bishops are severely injured.||Max Goldstein, Leon Lichtblau and Saul Ozias|
|31 May 1921||Riot||39-300||800+||Tulsa||The Tulsa race riot kills 39 people and injures over 800.||Ku Klux Klan
|13 December 1921||Bombing||100||Bolgrad||100 soldiers and police officers are killed by a bomb thrown by Bessarabian separatists at the Bolgrad palace.||Bessarabian separatists||Union of Bessarabia with Romania|
|31 October 1923||Shooting||1||1||Dublin||Far-right extremists shot two Jewish men as they walked across St. Stephen's Green in Dublin. One of the men was killed.||Far-right extremists|
|16 April 1925||Bombing||150||~500||Sofia||St Nedelya Church assault – The Bulgarian Communist Party (BCP) blew up the church's roof during the funeral service of General Konstantin Georgiev, who had been killed in a previous Communist assault on 14 April. 150 people, mainly from the country's political and military elite, were killed in the attack and around 500 were injured.||Bulgarian Communist Party|
|August 1929||Riots||243||671||Mandatory Palestine Safed, Hebron, Jerusalem, Jaffa||1929 Massacres over access to the Western Wall in Jerusalem, caused by ″the Arab feeling of animosity and hostility towards the Jews″.||Arab citizens||Intercommunal conflict in Mandatory Palestine|
- Kingdom of Hungary, 1931: A Hungarian terrorist, Szilveszter Matuska detonated a personnel train at Biatorbágy. 22 passengers died in the attack, 17 others were severely injured.
- Mandatory Palestine 1936–39: 1936–39 Arab revolt , Palestine Arab "gang and terrorist activities" against British colonial rule, and Jewish immigrants.
- Mandatory Palestine 1937–48: The Irgun are responsible for numerous attacks in British-mandated Palestine.
- Sweden 1940, 3 March: Politically motivated bombing targeted at the communist newspaper Norrskensflamman (Northern Flame) by various perpetrators. 5 persons were killed, 2 of which were children, along with 5 others injured.
- United States 1940–1956: George Metesky, the "Mad Bomber", places over 30 bombs in New York City in public places such as Grand Central Terminal and The Paramount Theater, injuring ten during this period, in protest against the local electric utility. He also sends many threatening letters.
- United States 1940, 4 July: Time bomb is recovered from the British Pavilion at the 1939 New York World's Fair, two policemen are killed.
- Mandatory Palestine 1946, July 22: The King David Hotel bombing by Zionist paramilitary group Irgun kills 91 and injures 46 non-fatally.
- Romania 1947, 25 July: Three Romanian terrorists kill an aircrew member aboard a Romanian airliner. This is regarded as the first aircraft hijack resulting in a fatality.
- Mandatory Palestine 1948, February 22, Ben Yehuda Street bombings: three British Army trucks led by an armoured car driven by Arab irregulars and British deserters exploded on Ben Yehuda Street killing 58 Jewish civilians and injuring 140.
- Philippines 1949, 7 May: thirteen people are killed as a Philippine airliner explodes in flight travelling from Daet to Manila. A time bomb detonates 30 minutes after departure near Alabat Island.
- Syria 1949, 5 August: 12 killed and dozens injured in the Menarsha synagogue attack, Damascus.
- Israel 1954, 17 March: an Israeli civilian passenger bus is attacked by unknown assailants at the Scorpions Pass in the Negev, resulting in the deaths of eleven passengers.
- Cyprus 1956, 16 June: The United States vice consul is killed and six other consulate staff are injured when a terrorist throws 2 bombs in a restaurant in Nicosia.
- Lebanon 1958, 15 August: Three people are killed in a bomb blast in Beirut. The bombing also injures ten more at a grocery store near the Lebanese Parliament.
- Cuba 1960, 5 March: The French freighter La Coubre explodes, killing between 75 and 100 people with 200 injured. The government suspects sabotage.
- Canada 1963–1970: Front de libération du Québec (FLQ) committed frequent bombings targeting English businesses and banks, as well as McGill University. The whole bombing campaign resulted in 8 known deaths and numerous injuries.
- United States 1963, September 15, 16th Street Baptist Church bombing – Four members of the Ku Klux Klan planted at least 15 sticks of dynamite attached to a timing device beneath the front steps of the church. The explosion killed 4 girls and wounded injured 22.
- South Vietnam 1965, 26 June: Two simultaneous explosions took place near a restaurant in the 1965 Saigon bombing during the Vietnam War. The attack killed 42 people and 80 were wounded.
- Greece 1967, 12 November: A bomb explodes on board Cyprus Airways Flight 284 near Rhodes killing all 66 people on the aircraft.
- Israel 1968, 4 September: Three bombs are detonated in Tel Aviv, killing one person and injuring 51 people.
- Ireland 1969, 5 August: A bomb was detonated in Dublin at the main studio of the state broadcaster, RTÉ. The Protestant extremist group the UVF were responsible. No one was injured.
- Ireland 1969 A UPV suicide bomber attacked a power station in Ballyshannon, County Donegal. There were no casualties other than the attacker. The UVF issued a statement saying the attempted attack was a protest against the Irish Army units "still massed on the border in Co Donegal". The statement added: "so long as the threats from Éire continue, so long will the volunteers of Ulster's people's army strike at targets in Southern Ireland".
- Ireland 1969, 31 October: The UVF bombed a monument in Bodenstown, Dublin, dedicated to the Irish Republican hero Wolfe Tone. There were no injuries.
- Italy 1969, 12 December: Piazza Fontana bombing in Milan kills at least thirteen people and injures at least 85. Three additional blasts occur in Rome, injuring 16 people.
- Ireland 1969, 26 December: The UVF bombed the Daniel O'Connell monument in Dublin. There were no injuries but buildings were damaged in a half mile radius.
- Ireland 1969, 28 December: The UVF detonate a bomb outside the Garda central detective bureau in Dublin. The nearby telephone exchange headquarters is suspected to have been the target.
- Wave of Terror in Europe
- Number of terrorist incidents by country
- List of terrorist incidents by death toll
- List of aircraft hijackings
- List of assassinated persons
- List of designated terrorist organizations
- List of events named massacres
- List of incidents of political violence in Washington, D.C.
- List of mass car bombings
- Lists of nuclear disasters and radioactive incidents
- List of marauding terrorist incidents
- "BBC - History - The Changing Faces of Terrorism". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 27 November 2015.
- Jonathan M. Bryant: Ku Klux Klan in the Reconstruction Era, The New Georgia Encyclopedia, 3 October 2002
- Fettman, Eric (20 January 2008). "The Bloody Shirt Terror After Appomattox by Stephen Budiansky Viking Press". New York Post. Retrieved 2011-03-27.
- "PERDICARIS AND VARLEY ARE IN GRAVE DANGER; An American Resident of Tangier Tells of the Situation". The New York Times. 22 May 1904. Retrieved 2015-03-05.
- "History News Service". H-net.org. Retrieved 2011-03-27.
- "BOMB WARFARE RAGING IN ITALY". The New York Times. 15 October 1920. Retrieved 2014-12-13.
- Austin Sarat (1 January 2009). When Law Fails: Making Sense of Miscarriages of Justice. NYU Press. p. 57. ISBN 978-0-8147-6225-7. Retrieved 2013-08-14.
- "PALACE BOMBED, 100 KILLED; Bessarabian Conspirators Accused of Outrage at Bolgard". The New York Times. 14 December 1921. Retrieved 2011-10-15.
- "Reactionary murders in Ireland". Come Here To Me!. Retrieved 2016-03-31.
- "Sofia Church Terror Attack Vie for Bulgaria Top Event". The Free Library. 2010. Retrieved 30 August 2014.
- THE “WAILING WALL” RIOTS (1929) AS A WATERSHED IN THE PALESTINE CONFLICT, Avraham Sela, 3 Apr 2007
- Hughes, M. (2009) The banality of brutality: British armed forces and the repression of the Arab Revolt in Palestine, 1936–39, English Historical Review Vol. CXXIV No. 507, 314–354.
- "Mad Bomber,' Now 70, Goes Free Today; Mad Bomber,' Now 70, Goes Free Today 37 Blasts Set Initials 'F.P.' Explained Institute Assailed". The New York Times. 13 December 1973. Retrieved 2010-05-08.
- "POLICE DIE IN BLAST; Timed Device Explodes After it is Taken out of Pavilion". The New York Times. 5 July 1940. Retrieved 2015-03-05.
- Clarke, Thurston. By Blood and Fire, G. P. Puttnam's Sons, New York, 1981
- Pistole, John S. (3 March 2011). "Administrator Pistole's remarks before the American Bar Association's 6th Annual Homeland Security Law Institute". TSA. Retrieved 2011-08-17.
- Larry Collins and Dominique Lapierre, 'O Jerusalem'.History Book Club. 1972. pages 191-195
- Dov Joseph, 'The Faithful City - The siege of Jerusalem, 1948'. Simon and Schuster, New York. 1960. Library of Congress number: 60-10976. page 37. 'it was possible ... (that the) drivers (were) from the more than two hundred deserters who had already joined the Arab force' (as opposed to being officially sanctioned by the British Army).
- "Pair Admits Planting Bomb That Killed 13". The Telegraph-Herald. 3 June 1949. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
- Israel's Border Wars, 1949–1956, p. 309, Benny Morris, Oxford University Press, 1997
- Gilroy, Harry (22 March 1954). "Exploiting of Negev's Resources May Be Slowed by Bus Slayings; Security Moves May Act as a Brake on Developing Area Vital to Israel". The New York Times. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
- Bigart, Homer (17 June 1956). "U.S. Vice Consul Is Killed By Cyprus Terrorist Bomb". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-12-13.
- Brewers, Sam Pope (16 August 1958). "TERRORIST'S BOMB KILLS 3 IN BEIRUT". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-12-13.
- Phillips, R. Hart (5 March 1960). "75 DIE IN HAVANA AS MUNITIONS SHIP EXPLODES AT DOCK". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-12-13.
- Know 1 Radio.com
- "Crash Off Turkey Kills All 66 on Jet". The New York Times. 12 October 1967. Retrieved 2015-03-05.
- Feron, James (5 September 1968). "Fatal Bombing in Tel Aviv Stirs Mob Attack on Arabs". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-12-13.
- "Bomb Blast at RTÉ". RTÉ Archives. Retrieved 2016-03-31.
- "When loyalists bombed O'Connell.". Come Here To Me!. Retrieved 2016-03-31.
- "Blast in Milan Kills 13, Hurts 85; 3 More Bombs Injure 16 in Rome". The New York Times. 13 December 1969. Retrieved 2015-03-05.
- U.S. National Counterterrorism Center's Worldwide Incidents Tracking System
- Fatal Terrorist Attacks in Israel since the Declaration of Principles (September 1993) to September 2000
- Assassination of Liaquat Ali Khan: Documents from the U.S. National Archives
- Terrorism Incidents at DMOZ
- History of Terrorism : Timeline of Terrorist Acts – Chronology
- Thinkquest: Timeline of Terror
- Infoplease: Terrorist Attacks on Americans
- Infoplease: Terrorist Attacks (within the United States or against Americans abroad)
- Frontline : Terrorist Attacks on Americans
- PBS Frontline/New York Times "Al Qaeda's New Front" Chronology of significant plots uncovered in Europe both before and after 9/11. January 2004
- "Ephéméride Anarchiste" Listing anarchist terrorist incidents in France, or others countries. In French.
- Selected terrorist incidents worldwide, through September 2000: complied by Wm. Robert Johnston