The following is a
list of non-state terrorist incidents that have not been carried out by a state or its forces (see state terrorism and state-sponsored terrorism). Assassinations are listed at List of assassinated people.
Definitions of terrorism vary, so incidents listed here are restricted to those that:
are not approved by the legitimate authority of a recognized state
are illegally perpetrated against people or property
are done to further political, religious, or ideological objectives
Pre-1800 [ edit ]
Scholars dispute what might be called
terrorism in earlier periods. The modern sense of terrorism emerged in the mid-19th century. 
1800–1899 [ edit ]
United States c. 3,000
Freedmen and their Republican Party allies are killed by the Ku Klux Klan and well-organized campaigns of violence by other local whites in a campaign of terrorist violence that weakens the reconstructionist governments in the Southern United States and helped re-establish legitimized segregation.  
Ku Klux Klan
13 December 1867
United Kingdom The "Clerkenwell Outrage": a bomb was exploded next to a wall of
Clerkenwell Prison as an attempt to abet the escape of an arms dealer
Russia Attempted assassination of General
Assassination by Bombing
St.Petersburg, Russia Assassination of Tsar
Alexander II of Russia. Nikolay Rysakov and Ignacy Hryniewiecki members of 'Narodnaya Volya ' terrorist group.
Fenian dynamite campaign
Irish Republican Brotherhood
Russia Assassination of Colonel Soudekine, Chief of Police.
4 May 1886
Haymarket Affair. A peaceful rally in Haymarket, Chicago, Illinois, is disrupted when a bomb was detonated as police were dispersing the public demonstration.
23 July 1892
Alexander Berkman, a Russian expatriate, attempts to assassinate Henry Clay Frick, an American industrialist, financier, and art patron, in Pittsburgh. Berkman is arrested and Frick survives. Berkman claims inspiration from the Haymarket Affair.
9 December 1893
Paris French anarchist
Auguste Vaillant bombs the French Chamber of Deputies injuring 20 deputies.
26 August 1896
Constantinople, Ottoman Empire
Occupation of the Ottoman Bank by Armenian separatists. A resulting anti-Armenian pogrom killed around 6,000 individuals.
Armenian Revolutionary Federation
1900–1929 [ edit ]
July 29th 1900
Monza, Italy Gaetano Bresci and Italian-American Anarchist assassinated Umberto I of Italy
15th April 1902
St.Petersburg, Russia Minister of the Interior Dmitri Sipyagin assassinated in the Marinsky Theatre.
28 April - 1 May 1903
Thessaloniki, Ottoman Empire Members of the
Boatmen of Thessaloníki, a Bulgarian anarchist group, carry out a series of bombings in Thessaloniki
Boatmen of Thessaloníki
18 May 1904
Ion Perdicaris and Cromwell Varley are kidnapped and held for ransom by bandit Mulai Ahmed er Raisuli in Morocco. 
Mulai Ahmed er Raisuli
15th february 1905
Russia Assassination of Grand Duke Serge Alexandrovich Romanov by Socialist-revolutionaries. His coach driver Andrei Rudinkin was also killed.
25 August 1906
Aptekarsky Island, Russia 28 people are killed when three terrorists bombed a reception in an attempt to assassinate
Union of Socialists Revolutionaries Maximalists
11/12 July 1908
Malmö, Sweden Night between 11 and 12 July:
Bombing of the boat where British strikebreakers lived by Amalthea Anton Nilsson One was killed and 23 wounded.
1 October 1910
Los Angeles, United States
Los Angeles Times bombing kills 21 people and wounds over 100 others.
Lone wolf (terrorism)
14th September 1911
Kiev, Russia Assassination of Pyotyr Stolypin Russian Prime Minister
Protest campaign by militant suffragettes campaigning for women's right to vote, including acts of disruption and violence aimed at property
Women's Social and Political Union
Sarajevo, Austria-Hungary Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne.
22 July 1916
San Francisco, United States
Preparedness Day Bombing was a bombing in San Francisco, California on July 22, 1916, when the city held a parade in anticipation of the United States' entry into World War I. During the parade, a suitcase bomb was detonated, killing ten and wounding forty.
Galleanist Anarchists (suspected)
16 September 1920
New York City, United States
Wall Street bombing kills 38 people and wounds 300 others. 
Galleanist Anarchists (suspected)
14 October 1920
Trieste, Italy In Trieste, nationalists throw six bombs at the editorial office of a Socialist newspaper, resulting in one death and ten injuries.
15 October 1920
Milan, Italy In Milan, anarchists are responsible for throwing two bombs at a hotel holding a British delegation attending the Milan International Conference; there are two injuries.
8 December 1920
Bucharest, Romania An
improvised explosive device placed by a left-wing terrorist group blows up in the Romanian Senate, killing the Minister of Justice and two other senators. Likewise, President of the Senate and two Orthodox bishops are severely injured.
Max Goldstein, Leon Lichtblau and Saul Ozias
31 May 1921
Tulsa, United States The
Tulsa race riot killed at least 39 people and injured over 800. 
Ku Klux Klan
13 December 1921
Bolgrad, Romania The
Bolgrad palace bombing occurred when a bomb thrown by Bessarabian separatists at the Bolgrad palace, killed 100 soldiers and police officers. 
Union of Bessarabia with Romania
31 October 1923
Dublin, Irish Free State
Far-right extremists shot two Jewish men as they walked across St. Stephen's Green in Dublin. One of the men was killed. 
16 April 1925
St Nedelya Church assault – The Bulgarian Communist Party (BCP) blew up the church's roof during the funeral service of General Konstantin Georgiev, who had been killed in a previous Communist assault on 14 April. 150 people, mainly from the country's political and military elite, were killed in the attack and around 500 were injured. 
Bulgarian Communist Party
Mandatory Palestine Safed, Hebron, Jerusalem, Jaffa
1929 Massacres over access to the Western Wall in Jerusalem, caused by ″the Arab feeling of animosity and hostility towards the Jews″. 
Intercommunal conflict in Mandatory Palestine
1930–1949 [ edit ]
Kingdom of Hungary, 1931: A Hungarian terrorist, Szilveszter Matuska detonated a personnel train at Biatorbágy. 22 passengers died in the attack, 17 others were severely injured. 
Mandatory Palestine 1936–39: 1936–39 Arab revolt, Palestine Arab "gang and terrorist activities" against British colonial rule, and Jewish immigrants. 
Mandatory Palestine 1937–48: The Irgun are responsible for numerous attacks in British-mandated Palestine.
Sweden 1940, 3 March: Politically motivated bombing targeted at the communist newspaper Norrskensflamman ( Northern Flame) by various perpetrators. 5 persons were killed, 2 of which were children, along with 5 others injured.
United States 1940–1956: George Metesky, the "Mad Bomber", places over 30 bombs in New York City in public places such as Grand Central Terminal and The Paramount Theater, injuring ten during this period, in protest against the local electric utility. He also sends many threatening letters. 
United States 1940, 4 July: Time bomb is recovered from the British Pavilion at the 1939 New York World's Fair, two policemen are killed. 
Mandatory Palestine 1946, July 22: The King David Hotel bombing by Zionist paramilitary group Irgun kills 91 and injures 46 non-fatally. 
Romania 1947, 25 July: Three Romanian terrorists kill an aircrew member aboard a Romanian airliner. This is regarded as the first aircraft hijack resulting in a fatality. 
Mandatory Palestine 1948, February 22, Ben Yehuda Street bombings: three British Army trucks led by an armoured car driven by Arab irregulars and British deserters exploded on Ben Yehuda Street killing 58 Jewish civilians and injuring 140.  
Philippines 1949, 7 May: thirteen people are killed as a Philippine airliner explodes in flight travelling from Daet to Manila. A time bomb detonates 30 minutes after departure near Alabat Island. 
Syria 1949, 5 August: 12 killed and dozens injured in the Menarsha synagogue attack, Damascus.
1950–1969 [ edit ]
Israel 1954, 17 March: an Israeli civilian passenger bus is attacked by unknown assailants at the Scorpions Pass in the Negev, resulting in the deaths of eleven passengers.  
Cyprus 1956, 16 June: The United States vice consul is killed and six other consulate staff are injured when a terrorist throws 2 bombs in a restaurant in Nicosia. 
Lebanon 1958, 15 August: Three people are killed in a bomb blast in Beirut. The bombing also injures ten more at a grocery store near the Lebanese Parliament. 
Cuba 1960, 5 March: The French freighter La Coubre explodes, killing between 75 and 100 people with 200 injured. The government suspects sabotage. 
Canada 1963–1970: Front de libération du Québec (FLQ) committed frequent bombings targeting English businesses and banks, as well as McGill University. The whole bombing campaign resulted in 8 known deaths and numerous injuries.
United States 1963, September 15, 16th Street Baptist Church bombing – Four members of the Ku Klux Klan planted at least 15 sticks of dynamite attached to a timing device beneath the front steps of the church. The explosion killed 4 girls and wounded injured 22. 
South Vietnam 1965, 26 June: Two simultaneous explosions took place near a restaurant in the 1965 Saigon bombing during the Vietnam War. The attack killed 42 people and 80 were wounded.
Greece 1967, 12 November: A bomb explodes on board Cyprus Airways Flight 284 near Rhodes killing all 66 people on the aircraft. 
Israel 1968, 4 September: Three bombs are detonated in Tel Aviv, killing one person and injuring 51 people. 
Ireland 1969, 5 August: A bomb was detonated in Dublin at the main studio of the state broadcaster, RTÉ. The Protestant extremist group the UVF were responsible. No one was injured. 
Ireland 1969 A UPV suicide bomber attacked a power station in Ballyshannon, County Donegal. There were no casualties other than the attacker. The UVF issued a statement saying the attempted attack was a protest against the Irish Army units "still massed on the border in Co Donegal". The statement added: "so long as the threats from Éire continue, so long will the volunteers of Ulster's people's army strike at targets in Southern Ireland".
Ireland 1969, 31 October: The UVF bombed a monument in Bodenstown, Dublin, dedicated to the Irish Republican hero Wolfe Tone. There were no injuries. 
Italy 1969, 12 December: Piazza Fontana bombing in Milan kills at least thirteen people and injures at least 85. Three additional blasts occur in Rome, injuring 16 people. 
Ireland 1969, 26 December: The UVF bombed the Daniel O'Connell monument in Dublin. There were no injuries but buildings were damaged in a half mile radius.
Ireland 1969, 28 December: The UVF detonate a bomb outside the Garda central detective bureau in Dublin. The nearby telephone exchange headquarters is suspected to have been the target.
1970–present [ edit ]
By country [ edit ]
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ "BBC - History - The Changing Faces of Terrorism". bbc.co.uk . Retrieved . 27 November 2015
^ Jonathan M. Bryant: Ku Klux Klan in the Reconstruction Era, The New Georgia Encyclopedia, 3 October 2002
^ Fettman, Eric (20 January 2008). "The Bloody Shirt Terror After Appomattox by Stephen Budiansky Viking Press". New York Post . Retrieved . 2011-03-27
^ "PERDICARIS AND VARLEY ARE IN GRAVE DANGER; An American Resident of Tangier Tells of the Situation". The New York Times. 22 May 1904 . Retrieved . 2015-03-05
^ "History News Service". H-net.org . Retrieved . 2011-03-27
^ a b "BOMB WARFARE RAGING IN ITALY". The New York Times. 15 October 1920 . Retrieved . 2014-12-13
^ Austin Sarat (1 January 2009). . NYU Press. p. 57. When Law Fails: Making Sense of Miscarriages of Justice ISBN 978-0-8147-6225-7 . Retrieved . 2013-08-14
^ "PALACE BOMBED, 100 KILLED; Bessarabian Conspirators Accused of Outrage at Bolgard". The New York Times. 14 December 1921 . Retrieved . 2011-10-15
^ "Reactionary murders in Ireland". Come Here To Me! . Retrieved . 2016-03-31
^ "Sofia Church Terror Attack Vie for Bulgaria Top Event". The Free Library. 2010 . Retrieved . 30 August 2014
^ THE “WAILING WALL” RIOTS (1929) AS A WATERSHED IN THE PALESTINE CONFLICT, Avraham Sela, 3 Apr 2007
^ Hughes, M. (2009) The banality of brutality: British armed forces and the repression of the Arab Revolt in Palestine, 1936–39, English Historical Review Vol. CXXIV No. 507, 314–354.
^ "Mad Bomber,' Now 70, Goes Free Today; Mad Bomber,' Now 70, Goes Free Today 37 Blasts Set Initials 'F.P.' Explained Institute Assailed". The New York Times. 13 December 1973 . Retrieved . 2010-05-08
^ "POLICE DIE IN BLAST; Timed Device Explodes After it is Taken out of Pavilion". The New York Times. 5 July 1940 . Retrieved . 2015-03-05
^ Clarke, Thurston. By Blood and Fire, G. P. Puttnam's Sons, New York, 1981
^ Pistole, John S. (3 March 2011). "Administrator Pistole's remarks before the American Bar Association's 6th Annual Homeland Security Law Institute". TSA . Retrieved . 2011-08-17
^ Larry Collins and Dominique Lapierre, 'O Jerusalem'.History Book Club. 1972. pages 191-195
^ Dov Joseph, 'The Faithful City - The siege of Jerusalem, 1948'. Simon and Schuster, New York. 1960. Library of Congress number: 60-10976. page 37. 'it was possible ... (that the) drivers (were) from the more than two hundred deserters who had already joined the Arab force' (as opposed to being officially sanctioned by the British Army).
^ "Pair Admits Planting Bomb That Killed 13". The Telegraph-Herald. 3 June 1949 . Retrieved . 2013-01-06
^ Israel's Border Wars, 1949–1956, p. 309, Benny Morris, Oxford University Press, 1997
^ Gilroy, Harry (22 March 1954). "Exploiting of Negev's Resources May Be Slowed by Bus Slayings; Security Moves May Act as a Brake on Developing Area Vital to Israel". The New York Times . Retrieved . 2013-03-05
^ Bigart, Homer (17 June 1956). "U.S. Vice Consul Is Killed By Cyprus Terrorist Bomb". The New York Times . Retrieved . 2014-12-13
^ Brewers, Sam Pope (16 August 1958). "TERRORIST'S BOMB KILLS 3 IN BEIRUT". The New York Times . Retrieved . 2014-12-13
^ Phillips, R. Hart (5 March 1960). "75 DIE IN HAVANA AS MUNITIONS SHIP EXPLODES AT DOCK". The New York Times . Retrieved . 2014-12-13
^ Know 1 Radio.com
^ "Crash Off Turkey Kills All 66 on Jet". The New York Times. 12 October 1967 . Retrieved . 2015-03-05
^ Feron, James (5 September 1968). "Fatal Bombing in Tel Aviv Stirs Mob Attack on Arabs". The New York Times . Retrieved . 2014-12-13
^ "Bomb Blast at RTÉ". RTÉ Archives . Retrieved . 2016-03-31
^ "When loyalists bombed O'Connell.". Come Here To Me! . Retrieved . 2016-03-31
^ "Blast in Milan Kills 13, Hurts 85; 3 More Bombs Injure 16 in Rome". The New York Times. 13 December 1969 . Retrieved . 2015-03-05
External links [ edit ]