List of terrorist incidents in 1980

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This is a timeline of incidents in 1980 that have been labelled as "terrorism" and are not believed to have been carried out by a government or its forces (see state terrorism and state-sponsored terrorism).

January[edit]

Date Type Dead Injured Location Details Perpetrator Part of
17 January Bombing 3 5 United Kingdom Dunmurry, Northern Ireland An incendiary bomb planted on a train by the Provisional IRA prematurely detonated and set the train on fire, killing 3 and wounding 5. Provisional IRA The Troubles
20 January Bombing 4 10 Spain Alonsotegi, Spain A Spanish unionist paramilitary called the Grupos Armados Españoles bombed a bar that was known as a meeting place for Basque nationalists Grupos Armados Españoles Basque conflict

February[edit]

Date Type Dead Injured Location Details Perpetrator Part of
1 February Shooting, grenade 6 (+2 attackers) 0 Spain Ispaster, Spain Basque group ETA kills 6 Civil Guards in a gun and grenade attack at Ispaster. 2 ETA members are killed by grenades they have thrown. ETA Basque conflict
27 February - 27 April Siege 1 (an attacker) 5 Colombia Bogotá, Colombia Seventeen members of the 19th of April Movement held 60 hostages at the Dominican embassy for 2 months before escaping to Cuba. The only fatality was a young militant killed by police on the first day of the siege. M-19 Colombian conflict

April[edit]

Date Type Dead Injured Location Details Perpetrator Part of
7-8 April Shooting, hostage-taking 3 (+5 attackers) 16 Israel Misgav Am, Israel Five Palestinian terrorists from the Iraqi-backed Arab Liberation Front penetrated kibbutz Misgav Am in Israel during night time and entered the nursery. They killed the kibbutz secretary and an infant boy. They held the rest of the children hostage, demanding the release of about 50 terrorists held in Israeli prisons. The first raid of an IDF infantry unit was unsuccessful, but a second attempt, a few hours later, succeeded, and all the terrorists were killed. Two kibbutz members and one soldier were killed, four children and 11 soldiers were injured.[1] Arab Liberation Front Israel-Palestine conflict

May[edit]

Date Type Dead Injured Location Details Perpetrator Part of
11 May Shooting 5 Unknown Colombia Santander Department, Colombia In rural areas of the municipality of La Paz (Santander), guerrillas from the IV front of the FARC kill 4 civilians and 1 policeman.[2] FARC Colombian conflict

July[edit]

Date Type Dead Injured Location Details Perpetrator Part of
13 July Shooting, ambush 2 (+2 attackers) 3 Spain Orio, Spain Several members of ETA shoot and ambush a group Spanish Civil Guards, killing two and injuring three. The guards managed to kill two of the attackers. ETA Basque conflict
27 July Grenade 1 20 Belgium Antwerp, Belgium A member of the Abu Nidal Organization throws two hand grenades into a group of Jewish schoolchildren waiting for a bus stop in Antwerp, Belgium, killing one and wounding twenty. Said Al Nasr was found guilty and sentenced to life in prison,[3] Said Al Nasr
Abu Nidal Organization
Israel-Palestine conflict
31 July Shooting 2 2 Greece Athens, Greece Two members of the Armenian Secret Army for the Liberation of Armenia attacked a Turkish family near the Turkish embassy in Athens. The father and 14-year-old daughter were killed while the mother and 16-year-old son were seriously wunded. ASALA

August[edit]

Date Type Dead Injured Location Details Perpetrator Part of
2 August Bombing 85 200+ Italy Bologna, Italy Three members of the neo-fascist group Nuclei Armati Rivoluzionari detonate a time bomb at Bologna Central Station Nuclei Armati Rivoluzionari
5 August Shooting 2 11 France Lyon, France Two members of the Armenian Secret Army for the Liberation of Armenia stormed the Turkish Consulate in Lyon and opened fire, killing a doorman and a French visitor. ASALA

September[edit]

Date Type Dead Injured Location Details Perpetrator Part of
20 September Shooting 4 0 Spain Markina-Xemein, Spain Four members of Basque separatist group ETA kill four Spanish Civil Guards at a bar. ETA Basque conflict
26 September Bombing 12 (+1 attacker) 211 Germany Munich, Germany A bomb at the Oktoberfest fairgrounds in Theresienwiese, Munich, Germany kills 12, including the alleged bomber Gundolf Kohler, a member of the neo-Nazi Military Sport Group Hoffman, and injures 213.[1] Gundolf Kohler

October[edit]

Date Type Dead Injured Location Details Perpetrator Part of
3 October Bombing 4 46 France Paris, France A motorcycle bomb kills four people and injures over forty at the rue Copernic synagogue in Paris, France.[2] Authorities blamed the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine.[3]. PFLP Israel-Palestine conflict

November[edit]

Date Type Dead Injured Location Details Perpetrator Part of
20 September Shooting 5 5 Spain Zarautz, Spain Two ETA members open fire on Civil Guards in a bar with machine guns. Four guards and a civilian are killed and 5 other people are wounded. ETA Basque conflict

December[edit]

Date Type Dead Injured Location Details Perpetrator Part of
31 December Bombing 15 85 Kenya Nairobi, Kenya At least 15 people were killed and 85 injured in a bombing at the Jewish-owned Norfolk Hotel in Nairobi, Kenya. The Kenyan government said the bomber was a member of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine.[4] PFLP Israel-Palestine conflict

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Israel American Jewish Yearbook, 1982
  2. ^ https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1706&dat=19800512&id=MKAqAAAAIBAJ&sjid=VmAEAAAAIBAJ&pg=3106,1190671&hl=es
  3. ^ Mikolus, Edward (1989). International Terrorism in the 1980s: 1980-1983. Iowa State University Press. p. 71.