List of terrorist incidents in 1973

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This is a timeline of incidents in 1973 that have been labelled as "terrorism" and are not believed to have been carried out by a government or its forces (see state terrorism and state-sponsored terrorism).

Guidelines[edit]

  • Types of incidents are selected from the Tactics of terrorism page.
  • Casualties figures in this list are the total casualties of the incident including immediate casualties and later casualties (such as people who succumbed to their wounds long after the attacks occurred).
  • Casualties listed are the victims. Perpetrator casualties are listed separately (e.g. x (+y) indicate that x victims and y perpetrators were killed/injured).
  • Casualty totals may be underestimated or unavailable due to a lack of information. A figure with a plus (+) sign indicates that at least that many people have died (e.g. 10+ indicates that at least 10 people have died) – the actual toll could be considerably higher. A figure with a plus (+) sign may also indicate that over that number of people are victims.
  • If casualty figures are 20 or more, they will be shown in bold. In addition, figures for casualties more than 50 will also be underlined.
  • Incidents are limited to one per location per day. If multiple attacks occur in the same place on the same day, they will be merged into a single incident.
  • In addition to the guidelines above, the table also includes the following categories:
  0 people were killed/injured by the incident.
  1–19 people were killed/injured by the incident.
  20–49 people were killed/injured by the incident.
  50–99 people were killed/injured by the incident.
  100+ people were killed/injured by the incident.

List[edit]

Date Type Dead Injured Location Details Perpetrator Part of
January 7 Shooting 8 11 New Orleans, United States After shooting a police officer a week earlier, Mark Essex, a former Black Panther party member, shot nineteen people (ten of them police officers) in retaliation for police killings at a Howard Johnsons hotel in New Orleans. In addition, he also set fires in the hotel before being killed by police. Mark Essex
January 20 Car bombing 1 14 Dublin, Ireland Car bomb explodes near betting shop in Dublin, killing a young bus conductor. Ulster Volunteer Force The Troubles
March 1 Hostage-taking 3 Khartoum, Sudan Black September takes ten hostages (five of them diplomats) at the Saudi Arabian embassy in Khartoum. Three western diplomats are killed.[1] Palestinian gunmen burst into the embassy, and took Moore hostage, as well as fellow American Cleo Allen Noel, a Belgian diplomat, and two others.[1] Black September Israel-Palestine conflict
March 4 Attempted bombings 0 0 New York City, United States Black September member Khalid Duhham Al-Jawary attempts to bomb three Israeli locations in New York City to coincide with Golda Meir's visit to the city. However, the bombs were poorly wired and failed to detonate. Black September Israel-Palestine conflict
March 8 Car bombing 1 200 London, United Kingdom Car bombing of the Old Bailey courthouse in London, killing 1 person. PIRA The Troubles
April 16 Arson 2 Rome, Italy Primavalle Fire, 3 activists of Potere Operaio burned the house of a militant of the Italian Social Movement and killed his two sons. Potere Operaio
May 1 Stabbing 1 0 Near Madrid, Spain During the demonstrations held in Madrid called by the PCE (ml) and the Coordinating Committee pro-FRAP dies a deputy inspector of the Political-Social Brigade (BPS) after being stabbed in clashes between police and demonstrators in the vicinity Of Atocha.[2] FRAP
May 17 Bombing 4 52 Milan, Italy Gianfranco Bertoli, an anarchist activist, supporter of Max Stirner, attacked the Police headquarters in Milan, Italy with a Hand grenade during a commemorative ceremony with the Italian Prime Minister Mariano Rumor.
May 17 Bombing 5 Tullyvallen, United Kingdom The IRA kills 5 British soldiers in a roadside bomb attack in Tullyvallen, Northern Ireland.[3] PIRA The Troubles
May 18 Bombing 82 0 Lake Baikal, USSR An Aeroflot Tupolev Tu-104B flying from Irkutsk Airport to Chita Airport explodes in flight after a passenger detonated a bomb when refused passage to China. The plane crashed east of Lake Baikal, with all 82 passengers killed.[4] Lone wolf
June 12 Car bombings 6 33 Coleraine, United Kingdom Two car bombings targeting a wine shop and a garage by the PIRA. Six elderly people were killed in the wine shop bombing and 33 more were injured. PIRA The Troubles
June 20 Massacre 13+ 365+ Buenos Aires, Argentina Massacre of left-wing Peronists at rally celebrating his return from Spain at Ezeiza International Airport. Right-wing Peronists were blamed for the massacre. 13 victims were positively identified but more people may have been killed. Right-wing Peronists
July 1 Assassination 1 0 Washington, D.C., United States Assassination of the Israeli attaché in Washington Black September (suspected) Israel-Palestine conflict
July 20 Hijacking 0 (+1) 1 Japan Hijacking of Japan Air Lines Flight 404 by a member of the Japanese Red Army and four members of the PFLP. One of the terrorists is killed when his grenade accidentally detonates. Japanese Red Army
PFLP
Israel-Palestine conflict
July 21 Assassination 1 0 Lillehammer, Norway Israeli Mossad agents shot and killed Ahmed Bouchiki, an innocent Moroccan waiter and brother of the renowned musician Chico Bouchikhi, in Lillehammer. The Israeli agents had mistaken their target for Ali Hassan Salameh, the chief of operations for Black September. Six of the Mossad team of fifteen were captured and convicted of complicity in the killing by the Norwegian justice system, in a major blow to the intelligence agency's reputation. Mossad Israel-Palestine conflict
July 27 Assassination 1 0 Santiago de Chile Chile In July 1973, militants od Frente Nacionalista Patria y Libertad, from the command Rolando Matus assassinated the naval aide to President Salvador Allende, Commander Arturo Araya Peters. He was shot by a sniper in front of his home.[5] Frente Nacionalista Patria y Libertad
August 5 Shooting, Grenade throwing 3 58 Athens Greece Two Palestinian terrorists started to shoot and threw four grenades in the transit area of Ellinikon International Airport to passengers waiting to board flights for Geneva and New York and captured thirty to thirty five hostages. Surrounded by Greek Police forces they surrendered after two hours. They declared that they belonged to Black September Organization and their objective was to hijack a flight to Tel Aviv but they lost the flight because they were confused by the airport signs. Black September Israeli–Palestinian conflict
September 1 Suicide bombing 2 (+1) Moscow, USSR A man blows himself up inside Lenin Mausoleum on Moscow's Red Square. Two women standing next to him also died.[6] Lone wolf
September Shooting, Clash 30+ 33 Arrested Antioquia, Colombia The So-called "Operation Anori" military operation carried out by the V Brigade of the Army of Colombia against guerrillas of the Army of National Liberation (ELN), damaging them enormously. ELN Colombian Conflict
September 1 Bombings 0 21 London, United Kingdom The IRA set off bombs at London's King's Cross and Euston stations, injuring 21 people.[7] PIRA The Troubles
September 6 Shooting 1 3 Ciudad de Buenos Aires, Argentina A group of guerrillas assaulted the Army Health Command in Buenos Aires, as a means of obtainting weapons and ammunition. In the process one soldier was accidentally shot dead and other three wounded.[8] Ejército Revolucionario del Pueblo Dirty War
September 28–29 Hijacking 0 0 Marchegg, Austria Two Arab terrorists hijack the Chopin-Express from Moscow to Vienna at the East-West border in Marchegg. The train is often used by Jewish exiles from the USSR. The terrorists demand the closure of an Austrian transit camp for Jews on their way to Israel. Chancellor Bruno Kreisky (Jewish himself) complies and allows the terrorists to escape to Libya.[9] As-Sa'iqa Israel-Palestine conflict
October 13 Ambush, Shooting 11 Unknown Tolima, Colombia An ambush of the FARC left a balance of 8 soldiers and 3 civilians killed. FARC Colombian Conflict
November 23 Bombing 4 0 Marghera, Italy A C-47 aircraft called the Argo 16 is bombed by unknown terrorists, killing all four people on board. Unknown
November 25 Hijacking 0 0 Iraq KLM Flight 861 is hijacked by three Arabs demanding the release of seven Palestinian prisoners. Situation ended peacefully without casualties. Arab Nationalist Youth Organization Israel-Palestine conflict
December 14 Bombing 4 20 Marseilles, France The Algerian consulate in Marseilles was bombed by the anti-Arab Charles Martel Group. Four people were killed and another twenty were injured in the bombing.[10] Charles Martel Group
December 17–18 Hijacking, bombing 34 22 Rome, Italy Pan Am Flight 110: 30 passengers were killed when Palestinian guerrillas threw phosphorus bombs aboard the aircraft as it prepares for departure.[11] A Lufthansa plane hijacking the same day by Palestinians, who kill 2 passengers. Black September
PLO
Israel-Palestine conflict
December 20 Bombing 1 Madrid, Spain Prime Minister Admiral Luis Carrero Blanco is assassinated in Madrid by ETA. ETA
December 24 Bombing 3 34 Belfast, United Kingdom A bomb exploded inside a pub in Belfast killing 3 people and injured 34.[12] PIRA The Troubles
December 27 Kidnapping, murder 1 0 Belfast, United Kingdom German industrialist Thomas Niedermayer is kidnapped and murdered by members of the Provisional Irish Republican Army. Niedermayer body was not discovered until 1980. PIRA The Troubles

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Jureidini, Paul A. Middle East Quarterly, Review of Assassination in Khartoum, June 1994
  2. ^ https://dialnet.unirioja.es/documentos?t=La+oposici%25C3%25B3n+revolucionaria+al+franquismo%253A+el+Partido+Comunista+de+Espa%25C3%25B1a+%2528marxista-leninista%2529+y+el+Frente+Revolucionario+Antifascista+y+Patriota&db=1&td=todo
  3. ^ Wesley Johnston: Major Killings in or Associated with Northern Ireland 1969 - 1998
  4. ^ "Tupolev 104B CCCP-42411 Chita". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 15 October 2011.
  5. ^ http://www.bncatalogo.cl/F?func=direct&local_base=BNC01&doc_number=000515501
  6. ^ Oberg, James E. Uncovering Soviet Disasters: Exploring the Limits of Glasnost. Random House, New York 1988; p.104
  7. ^ BBC: Bomb blasts rock central London, On this day, September 10, 1973
  8. ^ http://eltopoblindado.com/files/Publicaciones/Organizaciones%20Politico-Militares%20de%20origen%20Marxista/ERP%20Ejercito%20Revolucionario%20del%20Pueblo/Volantes%20y%20Comunicados/La%20toma%20del%20comando%20de%20sanidad.pdf
  9. ^ DeRouen, Karl (2005). Defense and Security: A Compendium of National Armed Forces and Security Policies. ABL-CLIO. p. 67.
  10. ^ MIPT Terrorism Knowledge Base
  11. ^ Ramsden, J. M., ed. (27 December 1973). "Rome hijacking" (PDF). FLIGHT International. IPC Transport Press Ltd. 104 (3380): 1010. Retrieved 11 February 2015 – via flightglobal.com/pdfarchive. ... ran on to the apron and two phosphorus bombs were thrown into the front and rear entrances of a Pan American 707 Celestial Clipper, with 170 passengers on board
  12. ^ Three die in pub bombing, Spartanburg Herald-Journal (December 25, 1973)