List of terrorist incidents in 1974

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This is a timeline of incidents in 1974 that have been labelled as "terrorism" and are not believed to have been carried out by a government or its forces (see state terrorism and state-sponsored terrorism).

Guidelines[edit]

  • Types of incidents are selected from the Tactics of terrorism page.
  • Casualties figures in this list are the total casualties of the incident including immediate casualties and later casualties (such as people who succumbed to their wounds long after the attacks occurred).
  • Casualties listed are the victims. Perpetrator casualties are listed separately (e.g. x (+y) indicate that x victims and y perpetrators were killed/injured).
  • Casualty totals may be underestimated or unavailable due to a lack of information. A figure with a plus (+) sign indicates that at least that many people have died (e.g. 10+ indicates that at least 10 people have died) – the actual toll could be considerably higher. A figure with a plus (+) sign may also indicate that over that number of people are victims.
  • If casualty figures are 20 or more, they will be shown in bold. In addition, figures for casualties more than 50 will also be underlined.
  • Incidents are limited to one per location per day. If multiple attacks occur in the same place on the same day, they will be merged into a single incident.
  • In addition to the guidelines above, the table also includes the following categories:
  0 people were killed/injured by the incident.
  1–19 people were killed/injured by the incident.
  20–49 people were killed/injured by the incident.
  50–99 people were killed/injured by the incident.
  100+ people were killed/injured by the incident.

List[edit]

Date Type Dead Injured Location Details Perpetrator Part of
January 20 Hijacking, bombings 0 0 Strabane, United Kingdom Two IRA volunteers hijack a helicopter from Donegal in the Republic of Ireland and use it to drop bombs on a British Barracks in Strabane, Northern Ireland. PIRA The Troubles
January 31 Hostage-taking 0 0 Singapore/Kuwait Laju incident: JRAPFLP attack on a Shell facility in Singapore and the simultaneous seizure of the Japanese embassy in Kuwait. Japanese Red Army
PFLP
February 4 Bombing 12 39 West Riding of Yorkshire, United Kingdom Twelve people (nine soldiers and three civilians) are killed by the IRA in the M62 Coach Bombing. PIRA The Troubles
April 10 Shooting 2 Unknown Caqueta, Colombia About 50 guerrillas assault the population of Puerto Rico (Caqueta). Two policemen die.[1] FARC Colombian Conflict
April 11 Massacre 18 (+3 terrorists) 15 Kiryat Shmona, Israel Kiryat Shmona massacre: at an apartment building by the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine members, killing 18 people, nine of whom were children. PFLP Israel-Palestine conflict
May 2 Bombing 6 18 Belfast, Northern Ireland The Loyalist paramilitary group the Ulster Volunteer Force detonated a bomb inside a Catholic owned bar in Belfast, Northern Ireland killing six people & injuring 18. Ulster Volunteer Force The Troubles
May 15 Massacre 31 (+3 terrorists) 70 Ma'alot, Israel Ma'alot massacre: at the Ma'alot High School in Northern Israel by Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine members: 26 of the hostages were killed, 66 wounded. PFLP Israel-Palestine conflict
May 17 Car bombings 35 300 Dublin and Monaghan, Ireland Ulster Volunteer Force detonate three car bombs in Dublin and one in Monaghan, killing 35 civilians, the deadliest toll of any one day in Ireland's 'Troubles'. It is suspected that the British security forces may have assisted the bombers to plan and carry out the attacks. The UK government have so far refused to release files about the bombings.[2] Ulster Volunteer Force The Troubles
May 28 Bombing 8 102 Brescia, Italy Eight people are killed and at least 90 wounded when a bomb placed in a rubbish bin explodes in the Piazza della Loggia bombing. Ordine Nuovo
June 17 Attack 2 Padua, Italy A group of terrorists from the Red Brigades attack an office of Italian Social Movement in Padua, Italy, killing two people.[3] Red Brigades
June 17 Attempted bombing 0 0 Pittsburgh, United States Weather Underground Organization planted a bomb the lobby of Gulf Oil Corporation's Pittsburgh headquarters to protest Gulf Oil's actions in Angola, Vietnam, and elsewhere.[4] Weather Underground Terrorism in the United States
June 17 Bombing 0 11 London, United Kingdom The IRA plant a bomb which explodes at the Houses of Parliament in London, causing extensive damage and injuring eleven people.[5] PIRA The Troubles
June 24–25 Shooting 4 (+3 terrorists) 8 Nahariya, Israel Nahariya attack Fatah Israel-Palestine conflict
July Bombings 3 8+ Los Angeles, United States Muharem Kurbegovich bombed the Pan Am Terminal at Los Angeles International Airport, killing three and injuring eight. He also firebombed the houses of a judge and two police commissioners as well as one of the commissioner's cars. He burned down two Marina Del Rey apartment buildings and threatened Los Angeles with a gas attack. His bomb defused at the Greyhound Bus station was the most powerful the LAPD bomb squad had handled up until that time. His personal vendetta against a judge and the commissioners grew into demands for an end to immigration and naturalization laws, as well as any laws about sex.[6] Muharem Kurbegovich Terrorism in the United States
July 23 Attempted bombing 0 0 Manchester, United Kingdom The Provisional IRA planted a bomb on a passenger airliner. They called The Irish News to issue a warning that the plane could blow up. The PIRA later said they never intended on blowing up the plane but wanted to prove they could smuggle a bomb onto a passenger plane. PIRA The Troubles
July 24 Torture murder 1 0 Belfast, United Kingdom Ann Ogilby is tortured and murdered by two teenage girls from the Ulster Defence Association in retaliation for Ogilby having an affair with a married UDA commander. Ulster Defence Association The Troubles
July 28 Shooting, Assassination 1 0 Colombia The ELN kills in an attack to the Inspector General of the Armed Forces. General Ramón Arturo Rincón Quiñónez. ELN Colombian Conflict
August 4 Bombing 12 48 San Benedetto Val di Sambro, Italy Italicus Express train between Roma and Brennero explodes, killing twelve and injuring 44. Attributed to fascist group Ordine nero. Ordine Nero
August 10–11 Shooting, Clash 1(+2) 7 Villa María, Córdoba, Argentina The episode known as Copamiento de la Fábrica militar de Villa María was an operation carried out by the People's Revolutionary Army in the province of Córdoba (Argentina) on the night of August 10 to 11, 1974, with the objective being to obtain weapons.[7] ERP Dirty War
August 30 Bombing 8 378 Tokyo, Japan Powerful bomb explodes at the Mitsubishi Heavy Industries headquarters in Marunouchi, Tokyo. Eight killed, 378 injured. Eight left-wing activists are arrested May 19, 1975, by Japanese authorities. East Asia Anti-Japan Armed Front
September 8 Bombing 88 0 Ionian Sea, Greece TWA Flight 841: Bomb kills 88 on jetliner. Attributed to Abu Nidal and his terrorist organization. Abu Nidal Organization Israel-Palestine conflict
September 13 Bombing 13 71 Madrid, Spain Basque group ETA bombs the "Rolando" cafeteria in Madrid and kills twelve people. ETA Basque conflict
September 13 Hostage-taking 0 1 The Hague, The Netherlands Three members of the Japanese Red Army take hostages at the French embassy in The Hague. They wound a Dutch policewoman. All hostages are released without harm in exchange for JRA prisoner being released. Japanese Red Army
September 15 Hijacking, bombing 75 0 Phan Rang, South Vietnam Le Duc Tan, a South Vietnamese ranger who had recently had his position in the army demoted hijacked Air Vietnam Flight 706 and demanded to be flown to Hanoi. After the pilots refused to give in to his demands, Tan detonated grenades and caused the plane to crash, killing everyone on board. Le Duc Tan Vietnam War
September 25 Shooting 10 0 Argentina At least 9 soldiers and a young daughter were shot dead to reprisal for the Massacre of Chapel of the Rosary was an action carried out in Argentina between September and December 1974 by the guerrilla group denominated People's Revolutionary Army (ERP).[8] ERP Dirty War
September–December Shooting, Clash 10 Argentina 9 military men and the daughter of one of them were killed in retaliation for the Capilla del Rosario Massacre in Catamarca, were 16 People's Revolutionary Army members were killed by the army. ERP Dirty War
October 5 Bombings 5 65 Guildford, United Kingdom Guildford pub bombing by the IRA leaves four off-duty soldiers and a civilian dead and 44 injured. PIRA The Troubles
October 11 Bombing 0 1 London, United Kingdom The IRA bombed two London ex-servicemen's clubs. One person was injured.[9] PIRA The Troubles
October 22 Bombing 0 3 London, United Kingdom A bomb planted by the Provisional IRA explodes in London, injuring three people.[10] PIRA The Troubles
November 7 Bombing 2 Woolwich, United Kingdom Woolwich, London pub bombing see Kings Arms, Woolwich PIRA The Troubles
November 11 Shooting 1 0 London, United Kingdom London insurance broker Allan Quartermaine was shot dead by the IRA while he was waiting in traffic. It is believed the killing was a case of mistaken identity.[9] PIRA The Troubles
November 17 Bombings 1 Northampton, Birmingham and Coventry, United Kingdom Three bombs exploded in three cities, Northampton, Birmingham and Coventry, that caused the death of one person. [1] PIRA The Troubles
November 19 Shooting 4 (+3 terrorists) 20+ Beit She'an, Israel Beit She'an attack DFLP Israel-Palestine conflict
November 21 Bombings 21 182 Birmingham, United Kingdom Birmingham pub bombing by the IRA kills 21 people, injures 182. PIRA The Troubles
November 27 Bombing 0 20 London, United Kingdom The IRA carried out two bomb attacks in Tite Street, Chelsea. The first bomb was placed in a post office pillar-box at 8:30 pm. A second bomb was set off nearby about 20 minutes later, injuring 20 people.[9] PIRA The Troubles
November 30 Bombing 0 5 London, United Kingdom The IRA threw two bombs at the Talbots Arms pub in Little Chester Street, London injuring five people.[9] PIRA The Troubles
December 11 Bombing 0 1 New York City, United States A bomb set off by the Puerto Rican nationalist group FALN in East Harlem, New York, permanently disables a police officer. The officer lost an eye as a result of this act. FALN
December 11 Bombing, Shooting 0 0 London, United Kingdom The IRA threw a bomb into the Long Bar of the Naval and Military Club in Piccadilly. Later on there was an IRA gun attack on the London Cavalry Club. Nobody was hurt in either attack.[11] PIRA The Troubles
December 14 Shooting 0 3 London, United Kingdom The IRA shot and injured three people at the Churchill Hotel in London.[12] PIRA The Troubles
December 17 Bombing 1 0 London, United Kingdom The IRA set off three time bombs at telephone exchanges in London. One person was killed.[13] PIRA The Troubles
December 19 Bombing, Car bomb 0 9 London, United Kingdom The IRA exploded a car bomb outside Selfridges department store on Oxford Street. The bomb caused £1.5 million worth of damage. There was 100 lbs of high explosives in the car, the biggest bomb the IRA had used in England at that time.[14] PIRA The Troubles
December 21 Bombing 0 3 London, United Kingdom The IRA firebombed Harrods department store in London, causing minor injuries to three people.[15] PIRA The Troubles

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=N2osnxbUuuUC&dat=19750411&printsec=frontpage&hl=es
  2. ^ Sheils McNamee, Michael. "The British government still has unreleased files on Ireland's worst terrorist attack". thejournal.ie. The Journal. Retrieved 2 April 2017.
  3. ^ it:Attacco alla sede MSI di Padova.[better source needed]
  4. ^ http://triblive.com/x/pittsburghtrib/news/education/s_673673.html
  5. ^ BBC: IRA bombs parliament, On this day, June 17, 1974
  6. ^ http://www.nbcnews.com/id/3070093
  7. ^ http://www.juliocarreras.com.ar/vmaria.html[permanent dead link]
  8. ^ http://historiapolitica.com/datos/biblioteca/carnovale_j.pdf
  9. ^ a b c d Melaugh, Dr Martin. "CAIN: Chronology of the Conflict 1974". cain.ulst.ac.uk.
  10. ^ BBC: Bomb blast in London club, On this Day, October 22, 1974
  11. ^ Melaugh, Dr Martin. "CAIN: Chronology of the Conflict 1974". cain.ulst.ac.uk.
  12. ^ Melaugh, Dr Martin. "CAIN: Chronology of the Conflict 1974". cain.ulst.ac.uk.
  13. ^ Melaugh, Dr Martin. "CAIN: Chronology of the Conflict 1974". cain.ulst.ac.uk.
  14. ^ Melaugh, Dr Martin. "CAIN: Chronology of the Conflict 1974". cain.ulst.ac.uk.
  15. ^ Melaugh, Dr Martin. "CAIN: Chronology of the Conflict 1974". cain.ulst.ac.uk.