List of terrorist incidents in Pakistan since 2001

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This is the list of major terrorist incidents in Pakistan. The War on Terror had a major impact on Pakistan, when terrorism inssectarian violence, but after the September 11 attacks in the United States in 2001, it also had to combat the threat of Al-Qaeda and Taliban militants, who fled from Afghanistan and usually targeted high-profile political figures.

Summary[edit]

Terrorist attacks started in Gen. Musharaf's Era, after becoming ally with US after 9/11.

In 2006, 657 terrorist attacks, including 41 of a sectarian nature, took place, leaving 907 people dead and 1,543 others injured according to Pak Institute for Peace Studies (PIPS) security report.[3]

In 2007, 1,515 terrorist attacks and clashes, including all the suicide attacks, target killings and assassinations, resulted in 3,448 casualties and 5,353 injuries, according to the PIPS security report. These casualties figure 128 percent and 491.7 percent higher as compared with 2006 and 2005, respectively. The report states that Pakistan faced 60 suicide attacks (mostly targeted at security forces) during 2007, which killed at least 770, besides injuring another 1,574 people. PIPS report shows visible increase in suicide attacks after Lal Masjid operation.[4]

Fatalities in terrorist violence in Pakistan, (2000-present)

In 2008, the country saw 2,148 terrorist attacks, which caused 2,267 fatalities and 4,558 injuries.[5] Human Rights Commission of Pakistan (HRCP) in its annual report indicated that there were at least 67 suicide attacks across Pakistan killing 973 people and injuring 2,318.[6] Further, a source in the investigation agencies disclosed that the total number of suicide blasts in Pakistan since 2002 rose to 140 (till 21 December 2008) while 56 bombers had struck in 2007.[7]

In 2009, the worst of any year, 2,586 terrorist, insurgent and sectarian-related incidents were reported that killed 3,021 people and injured 7,334, according to the "Pakistan Security Report 2009" published by PIPS.[8] These casualties figure 48 percent higher as compared to 2008. On the other hand, the rate of suicide attacks surged by one third to 87 bombings that killed 1,300 people and injured 3,600.[9]

Terrorist attacks staged in Pakistan have killed over 35,000 people, 5,000 of which are law enforcement personnel, and caused material damage to the Pakistani economy totalling US$67 billion by the IMF and the World Bank.[10]

According to an independent research site pakistanbodycount.org[11] maintained by Dr. Zeeshan-ul-hassan Usmani a Fulbright scholar deaths from suicide bombings up to October 2011 were 5,067 with over 13,000 injured. The website also provides analysis[12] on the data showing an evident increase in suicide bombing after the Lal Masjid operation. All death counts are verifiable from news sources placed online.

Bomb blasts in Parachinar since 2007[edit]

Parachinar bombing
Parachinar blasts map location since 2007.png
Locations of bombing on map
Parachinar is located in Pakistan
Parachinar
Parachinar
Parachinar (Pakistan)

This is the detail of terrorist incidents bomb blast in Parachinar. Parachinar has been seeing a surge in violence against Shia Muslims in recent decades. Over 500 Shias were killed in bomb blasts beside other terrorist incidents in which 5000 Shias of Parachinar has been killed from 2007 to May 2017. The violence has claimed lives of thousands of men, women and children.

Reasons behind attacks[edit]

Shias make up 20% of the Muslim population in Pakistan and Parachinar is the only Shia majority town in Federally Administered Tribal Areas, Pakistan.

During the rule of General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, the Kurram Agency (which hosts the town of Parachinar) came under increased focus for its strategic location as it provided the shortest route from within Pakistan to the Afghan capital, Kabul. Jutting out into Afghanistan almost like an island peninsula, it was famously nicknamed the “Parrot’s Beak” by US forces during the Soviet-Afghan War and was regularly used as a launching-pad by American-backed “jihadists” to strike out at the Soviets. As a result of this strategic importance, towns in the FATA region were flooded by inflows of Wahhabist and Salafist anti-Soviet “jihadists” well known for their hatred towards Shias.

The Shias of Parachinar are extremely traumatised due to the death and destruction caused, especially the road blockade since 2007.The residents of the Parachinar, upper and lower Kurram agency used to travel for provincial capital Peshawar through Afghan province Paktia and Kandahar since November 2007, when pro-Taliban militants cut off the areas from the rest of the country, imposing a crippling blockade on the Shia communities in the region.[13]

2007 Parachinar bombing[edit]

The 2007 Parachinar bombing occurred on 4 August 2007.[14] At least 12 people were killed and more than 43 injured after corolla car suicider exploded near Eidgah Market market Peshawer bus terminal in Parachinar a capital city in Kurram Valley and the largest city of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas in northern Pakistan on Saturday.[15]

The blast occurred at taxi stand located near entrance point of the city. A suicide attacker hit his car with another car parked in Eidgah Market area, an entrance point in Parachinar. 9 persons including two children of 8 and 10 year old died at the spot including suicide bomber while more than 40 people were injured. According to the eyewitnesses, 8 shops of the market located near the blast site were destroyed completely which reflects the intensity of the blast. The blast also damaged electricity wires which suspended the electricity in the city. Assistant political Agent Mohammad Iqbal declaring the blast as suicide attack has expressed deep grief over the loss of life and property. Political agent Sahibzada Mohammad Anis confirming the death of 9 people.

The deceased have been identified as Riaz Hussain, Hajjab Hussain, Arbab Hussain and Syed Kamal Hussain Shah while the other dead bodies were not identified yet. Similarly, the names of the injured persons includes Hashmat Ali son of Nazar Ali, Mehdi Hussain, son of Ali Qasim, Arshad Hussain son of Lal Badshah, Muhammad Younis son of Muhammad Ashraf, Naqab Hussain, Asad Ali son of Sher Ghulam, Sher Ghulam, Syed Muhammad, Kamala Hussain, Hamid Hussain, Muhammad Askar, Malik Syed Akbar Jan, Hajji Noor Alam Khan, Waqar Ali, Jabbar Hussain, Muhammad Ali, Syed Ahmad Hussain, Syed Ahmad Hussain, Adil Hussain, Arabab Hussain, Syed Kamal Hussain, Akhtiar Hussain, Iqbal Hussain, Syed Faqir Hussain, Mir Hassan, Mushtaq Hussain, Salman Ali, Younis Hussain, Mazhar Hussain, Liaqat Hussain, Ali Mohsin, Ali Hussain and Ali Muhammad Khan.[16]

The suicide bomber has been identified as Ghayor Khan Chamkani after investigation.[17]

2008 Parachinar bombing[edit]

In the Parachinar bombing of 16 February 2008, a suicide bomber in Parachinar, Pakistan killed 70 people and injured 110 attending a political rally for the opposition Pakistan Peoples Party.[18] The attack occurred on the eve of the 2008 Pakistani general election to be held on 18 February when an explosives-laden car was rammed into the election office of an independent candidate in Parachinar. The attack targeted people in a rally outside of Dr. Syed Riaz Hussain Shah Shaheed's campaign office.

A suicide attacker struck his car full of explosive and petrol gallon in Eidgah Market area, an entrance point in Parachinar Saturday evening at the end of a rally. 43 persons died at the spot including suicide bomber while more than 200 people were injured. This blast was carried out with just 10 meters away from 2007 Parachinar bombing.[19]

The attack on the rally came as Dr. Syed Riaz Hussain Shah Shaheed launched a final push for votes before a midnight deadline after which all rallies are banned until after the election. The bombing was believed to be motivated by sectarianism, as the majority of the area's residents are Shia Muslims.[20]

The army imposed a curfew in the northwestern tribal area town of Parachinar after bomb blast. Funerals would be held for many of the victims Sunday, officials said, and the army agreed to relax its curfew in some areas so family members could attend. On 17 February 2008 Early Sunday, the wreckage of four cars flipped over by the force of the blast littered the street near the site. Most shops were shuttered and streets were largely deserted. More than 200 relatives of the dead blocked the main road with stones and milled around in the streets. Dozens of heavily armed army and paramilitary troops set up barricades at two roads into Parachinar, just over a mountain from the Afghan area of Tora Bora.[21]

Various of panicked people on blood stained street after blast, local people and Vehicles arriving to take bodies [22] away,The bodies and wounded were shifted to the hospital immediately where some of the injured are in critical condition. According to the injured man, Gulraiz Khan: "I came out from the centre and stood beside the road, a car came over there at the place of the blast and then a big blast occurred, after that I don't know what happened."[23]

2012 Parachinar bombing[edit]

February Kurma (Khar) Bazaar Bomb Blast[edit]

On Friday 12 February 2017, a bomb was detonated at a budget market Kurmi (Khar) bazaar in Parachinar, in the Kurram Valley of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas of Pakistan. At least 31 people were killed and 40 injured.[24] The blast took place at around 1:45 pm in the market. Officials said that the blast took place in the busy Khar Bazaar, also known as Kurma Bazaar, when the young suicide bomber rushed towards the crowd and detonated the explosives strapped to his body. “The target of the bomber was the Imambargah; however, he did not succeed in attacking that,” Sajid Hussain Toori, a lawmaker from the region, told The Express Tribune.[25][26][27]

One of those injured in the blast, Sheir Zaman, said he had been out shopping when the blast occurred. "I was looking towards people who were selling mobiles in market. All of sudden an explosion took place, and after the explosion I don't know what happened to me and the other people," he said.[28][29]

This was a first bomb blast after 2008.[30] Fazal Saeed Haqqani of the Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan claimed responsibility for the attack.[24][30][25]

Security forces open fire on crowd protesting.Five people have died and 30 injured when FC shot at protesters from the Shia community after the bombing in Parachinar and curfew was imposed in the town to control more violence.[31][32][25]

September Kashmir Chowk Bomb Blast[edit]

On Monday 10 September 2012, a car bomb exploded in a crowded market in Parachinar, in the Kurram Valley of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas of Pakistan.[33] A suicide bomber drove his explosive-laden vehicle into Kashimir Square around 2:40pm and detonated it in the middle of the market when people were busy in routine activities. At least 25 people were killed and 76 injured.[34][35][36][37] Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan, Ghazi Group, claimed responsibility for the blast.[38]

2013 Parachinar bombing[edit]

The 2013 Parachinar bombing occurred on 26 July 2013. At least 57 people were killed and more than 100 injured after two bombs exploded on a market in Parachinar a capital city in Kurram Valley and the largest city of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas in northern Pakistan on Friday the official said. The blast took place near the Afghan border and Shi'ite mosques.[39][40][41][42][43][44] On 27 July 2013 the death toll rise to 57.[45]

2015 Parachinar bombing[edit]

A bombing occurred on 23 December 2015 at a clothes bazaar in Pakistan’s Parachinar area in the Kurram Valley. It was not clear whether the bombing was a suicide attack or a remotely controlled detonation. The blast killed 23 people and another 30 were injured.[46][47][48][49][50][51]

2017 Parachinar bombing[edit]

In 2017, frequent four bomb blasts occurred at Parachinar, which killed more than 200 people.

January Vegetable Market Bomb Blast[edit]

On 21 January 2017, a bomb was detonated at a vegetable market in Parachinar, in the Kurram Valley of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas of Pakistan. At least 25 people were killed and 87 injured by the explosion.[52][53] Parachinar is the administrative headquarters of the Kurram Agency near the Afghan border.[54] The same area has previously seen several blasts in 2008, February 2012,[55] September 2012,[56] 2013 and in December 2015.[57]

Chief of Army Staff (COAS) General Qamar Bajwa visited Parachinar and paid a visit to the injured of the bomb blast in Agency Headquarters Hospital. General Bajwa also announced plans to construct an Army Public School (APS) in Parachinar to support education of the local children.[58][59]

Lashkar-e-Jhangvi al-Alami and the Pakistani Taliban splinter Shehryar Mehsud group both separately issued a joint claim of responsibility.[60]

Seven suspects were arrested following a search operation after the blast.[61]

March Noor market car suicide bombing[edit]

On 31 March 2017, a car bombing took place at a market in Parachinar, northwest Pakistan.[62] The bombing was believed to be motivated by sectarianism, as the majority of the area's residents are Shia Muslims. At least 24 people were killed and more than 70 injured as a result of the blast.[63][64][65] Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and other political leaders condemned the attack.[66]

Security forces open fire on crowd protesting.three people have died and seven injured when FC shot at protesters from the Shia community after the bombing in Parachinar.[67][68]

June Turi market twin bomb Blasts[edit]

On 23 June 2017, two back-to-back blasts hit the Turi Market near Tal Adda in Parachinar city of FATA's Kurram Agency. Parachinar is a predominately Shia-populated town, located near the Afghan border.[69] The first blast took place in the evening around 17:00 local time in Turi Market, located just outside of the city's recently designated Red Zone. The explosive device was planted in the market, where many people were busy shopping for Eid. The second explosion targeted rescuers and bystanders, as they rushed to help the survivors of the first blast. A suicide bomber detonated the explosives strapped to his body.[70] At least 100 people were killed and more than 200 others were injured in the twin bombings.[71][72]

Security forces open fire on crowd protesting four people have died and five injured when FC shot at protesters from the Shia community after the twin bombing in Parachinar. Shia Muslims have demanded of the Chief of the Army Staff General Qamar Javed Bajwa to take notice of the unprovoked firing of the FC cops.[73][74]

The Turi and Bangash tribes staged a sit-in protest near Shaheed Park for eight days following two explosions in Parachinar. The sit-in began after the two bombs went off on 23 June 2017 Friday evening, as shoppers were out buying supplies in preparation for the breaking of the fast on one of the last days of the holy month of Ramadan.This incident followed the callous sectarian terror attack in Parachinar. The Parachinar's sit-in was named as Sadae Mazlomeen Dharna (Voice of Victims Sit-in)[75][76]

Lists by year[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism. (2016). Global Terrorism Database (globalterrorismdb_0616dist.xlsx). Retrieved from https://www.start.umd.edu/gtd University of Maryland
  2. ^ National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism. (2016). Global Terrorism Database (gtd1993_0616dist.xlsx). Retrieved from https://www.start.umd.edu/gtd University of Maryland
  3. ^ Amir Wasim. "Terrorism dogs Pakistan in ’06: Over 900 killed in 657 attacks" Dawn, 7 January 2007
  4. ^ Attacks, clashes claim 3,448 lives in 2007 Daily Times, 5 January 2008
  5. ^ Muhammad Ali Siddiqi. "8,000 dead: is the world aware?" Dawn, 27 January 2009
  6. ^ Ali Usman. "HRCP launches report on human rights situation: 2008: a year of new challenges" Daily Times, 7 April 2009
  7. ^ Javed Aziz Khan. "889 killed, 2,072 hurt in 61 suicide attacks this year" The News, 22 December 2008
  8. ^ Amir Wasim. "Over 12,800 militants caught in 2009" Dawn, 11 January 2010
  9. ^ Declan Walsh. "Pakistan suffers record number of deaths due to militant violence" The Guardian, 11 January 2010
  10. ^ Islamabad, Kabul look inwards as Tehran blames US, Express Tribune
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  14. ^ "On this Day 04 August 2007". Timelines. 
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  22. ^ "Suicide bomber attacks Shiite mosque in Parachinar". AP Archive. 
  23. ^ "reax to bombing in Parachinar; ADDS Parachinar blast". AP Archive. 
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  25. ^ a b c "Pakistani Taliban claimed responsibility for the Parachinar attack". Express News. 
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  41. ^ "two bomb killed 36 people". Samma TV. 26 July 2013. Retrieved 26 July 2013. 
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  43. ^ "39 people die in two bombs attack". DAWN. 26 July 2013. Retrieved 26 July 2013. 
  44. ^ "two blast killed 39 people". Reuters. 26 July 2013. Retrieved 26 July 2013. 
  45. ^ "57 die in two bomb attack in Parachinar". GEO TV. 27 July 2013. Retrieved 27 July 2013. 
  46. ^ "At least 23 dead and 30 injured in Pakistan market blast - reports". The Express Tribune. 
  47. ^ http://www.dawn.com/news/1226103/at-least-22-dead-in-parachinar-clothes-market-blast
  48. ^ https://www.reuters.com/article/us-pakistan-blast-idUSKBN0TW0BW20151213
  49. ^ http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2015/12/deadly-bombing-hits-pakistan-marketplace-151213082635974.html
  50. ^ https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-35086955
  51. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2015/12/14/world/asia/sunni-militants-claim-deadly-attack-at-market-in-pakistan.html?ref=world
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  53. ^ "News from The Associated Press". Retrieved 21 January 2017. 
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  55. ^ "28 killed, 36 injured in Parachinar blast". Express Tribune. February 17, 2012. Retrieved 22 January 2017. 
  56. ^ "14 Shias killed, 80 injured in Parachinar bombing: Officials". Express Tribune. AFP. September 10, 2012. Retrieved 22 January 2017. 
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  58. ^ "Parachinar blast: Army chief inquires on health of the injured". Dunya News tv. January 22, 2017. Retrieved January 22, 2017. 
  59. ^ Ali Akbar (January 22, 2017). "Seven suspects arrested in search operation after Parachinar blast". Dawn News. Retrieved January 22, 2017. 
  60. ^ Afzal, Hussain (Jan 22, 2017). "Carnage at Parachinar market; 25 killed, 87 injured". Dawn newspaper. Retrieved 22 January 2017. 
  61. ^ Akbar, Ali (January 22, 2017). "Seven suspects arrested in search operation after Parachinar blast". Dawn newspaper. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  62. ^ "At least 22 killed, 90 injured in Parachinar blast". Geo News. 31 March 2017. Retrieved 31 March 2017. 
  63. ^ https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-39452306
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  65. ^ "22 killed, over 100 injured as blast rocks Parachinar". The Express Tribune. 31 March 2017. Retrieved 31 March 2017. 
  66. ^ "22 killed, 68 injured as blast rocks Parachinar on Friday". Daily Pakistan. 31 March 2017. Retrieved 31 March 2017. 
  67. ^ "Many injured due to FC cops firing on peaceful protesters in Parachinar". Shiite News Agency. 
  68. ^ "Parachinar residents protest against blast". Khyber News. 
  69. ^ Akbar, Ali (23 June 2017). "At least 30 dead, 100 injured in twin explosions in Parachinar". Dawn. Retrieved 24 June 2017. 
  70. ^ Hussain, Mehdi (23 June 2017). "Parachinar wrecked by back-to-back blasts". Express Tribune. Retrieved 24 June 2017. 
  71. ^ "Anger grows in Parachinar after three attacks in six months". Dawn. 26 June 2017. Retrieved 26 June 2017. 
  72. ^ "Parachinar incident: Death toll reaches 43,several injured". Samaa TV. 23 June 2017. Retrieved 24 June 2017. 
  73. ^ "Four Shia Muslims martyred due to FC firing on order of Colonel Umar". Shiite News Agency. 
  74. ^ "Gen Bajwa orders inquiry against FC for opening fire on civilians in Parachinar". Dawn News. 
  75. ^ "About Sadae Mazlomeen Dharna". Nawai Waqt News. 
  76. ^ "Parachinar sit-in continues on sixth day". Pakistan Today. 

External links[edit]