List of terrorist incidents involving railway systems
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The following is a List of terrorist incidents involving railway systems:
|Tarnów, Poland||August 28, 1939||20||35||Tarnów rail station bomb attack: A German agent placed a suitcase bomb at a busy railway station.||Antoni Guzy (German agent)|
|Rehovot, Mandatory Palestine||April 22, 1947||8||Five British officers, two Arab adults and a 3-year-old boy were killed when a military train was mined.||Lehi|
|Lydda, Mandatory Palestine||May 15, 1947||2||11||Seven bombs exploded along train tracks near Lydda, killing two British lieutenants and injuring eleven people.||Lehi|
|Lydda, Mandatory Palestine||August 9, 1947||1||British troop train bombed, killing the engineer.||Irgun|
|Haifa, Mandatory Palestine||September 29, 1947||0||1||British troop train bombed near Haifa, one person was injured.||Irgun|
|Rehovot, Mandatory Palestine||February 29, 1948||28||35||Cairo–Haifa train bombings 1948: Jewish militants mined a British military train in retaliation for the Ben Yehuda Street Bombing. No civilians were hurt in the attack.||Lehi||1948 Palestine war|
|Binyamina, Mandatory Palestine||March 31, 1948||40||60||Cairo–Haifa train bombings 1948: British military train is mined by Jewish militants. Though some soldiers were on the train, all casualties were civilians.||Lehi||1948 Palestine war|
|Tokyo, Japan||July 15, 1949||6||20||Mitaka incident: A train was deliberately crashed into the Mitaka Station in Tokyo. The Japanese government blamed the Japanese Communist Party for the attack but the only person convicted of the attack, Keisuke Takeuchim, was not a member of a party and his guilt remains in doubt.||Keisuke Takeuchi (suspected)|
|Matsukawa, Japan||August 17, 1949||3||Matsukawa derailment: A Tōhoku Main Line train is derailed between Kanayagawa and Matsukawa stations, killing three crew members. The Japanese government blamed the Japanese Communist Party for the attack but later retracted.||Unknown|
|Col des Nuages, French Indochina||June 24, 1953||100+||1953 Col des Nuages derailment: A passenger train crashed into a ravine after passing through a sabotaged viaduct. Communist rebels were blamed for the attack.||Viet Minh||First Indochina War|
|Vitry-le-François, France||June 18, 1961||28||100+||1961 Vitry-Le-François train bombing: A Strasbourg-Paris train is derailed by a bomb on the track, planted by the Organisation armée secrète. The fact that the derailment was deliberately caused was kept secret by the government for many years.||OAS||Algerian War|
|San Benedetto Val di Sambro, Italy||August 4, 1974||12||48||Italicus Express bombing 1974: A bomb explodes on the Italicus Express second-class train car before dawn. The first explosion was caused by a bomb; the second was thought possibly to be caused by a short circuit. Responsibility was claimed by the neo-fascist terrorist organization Ordine Nero. The defendants, Mario Tuti, Luciano Franci, Piero Malentacchi, and Margherita Luddi were all found not guilty of planting the bomb on the Italicus Rome-West Germany vacation express due to a lack of evidence. They were acquitted in 1983. After the acquittals, no group officially took responsibility for the attack.||Ordine Nero||Years of Lead|
|Wijster, Netherlands||December 2 - December 14, 1975||3||1975 Dutch train hostage crisis: Seven terrorists hijacked a train with about 50 passengers held them hostage for twelve days, killing three hostages.||South Moluccan freedom fighters|
|Alexandria, Egypt||August 14, 1976||8||51||A bomb explodes on a train loaded with workers and peasants at 10:45 am. The bomb was left on the luggage rack and exploded while the train was traveling from the yard to the station. Egypt blamed Libya for organizing the attack.||Libya (suspected)||Lead up to Libyan–Egyptian War|
|Moscow, Soviet Union||January 8, 1977||7||37||1977 Moscow bombings: A series of bombings in Moscow. The first bomb went off on a crowded train between the Izmailovskaya and Pervomaiskaya stations of the Moscow Metro.||Unknown|
|Glimmen, Netherlands||May 23 - June 11, 1977||8||6||1977 Dutch train hostage crisis: Nine South Moluccans hijacked a train and held hostages for twenty days. Two hostages and six hostage-takers were killed and six people were injured.||South Moluccan freedom fighters|
|Dunmurry, United Kingdom||January 17, 1980||3||5||Dunmurry train explosion: A premature detonation of a Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) incendiary bomb occurred on board a Ballymena to Belfast passenger train service.||Provisional IRA||The Troubles|
|Bologna, Italy||August 2, 1980||85||200+||August 1980 Bologna bombing: An IED explodes at Bologna Central Station. The attack has been attributed to the neo-fascist terrorist organization Nuclei Armati Rivoluzionari and connected to the EU-investigated Operation Gladio.||Nuclei Armati Rivoluzionari||Operation Gladio|
|Italy||December 23, 1984||16||200+||Train 904 bombing: A bomb in a train between Florence and Rome killed 16 and wounded more than 200.||Sicilian Mafia||Years of Lead|
|Bunovo, Sofia Province, Bulgaria||March 9, 1985||7||9||A bomb planted by pro-Turkish terrorists in a train from Bourgas to Sofia killed 7 and wounded 9.||Pro-Turkish militants|
|Lima, Peru||June 26, 1986||7||38||A bomb blast on a train killed an American and 6 others in Peru. Peruvian government blames Communist insurgents for the bombing.||Shining Path||Internal conflict in Peru|
|Ludhiana district, India||June 15, 1991||80-126||1991 Punjab killings: Sikh militants stopped two trains and massacred Hindu passengers on board.||Sikh militants||Punjab insurgency|
|Ludhiana district, India||December 26, 1991||49||20||Sikh militants massacred 49 Hindu passengers aboard a train and injured at least twenty more.||Sikh militants||Punjab insurgency|
|near Asyut, Egypt||February 19, 1994||0||4||Gunmen open fire on an Asyut-Luxor train from fields beside the railway track. ||Unknown|
|Baku, Azerbaijan||March 19, 1994||14||49||1994 Baku Metro bombings - A suicide bombing takes place on 20 January at a station of Baku Metro. The lead railroad car was destroyed and the station's roof partially collapsed.||Sadval|
|Baku, Azerbaijan||July 3, 1994||13||58||1994 Baku Metro bombings - A remote controlled-gelatine explosive explodes on a metro train between 28 May and Gənclik stations of the Baku Metro.||Sadval|
|Tokyo, Japan||March 20, 1995||13||6252||Sarin gas attack on the Tokyo subway - Sarin Gas was released at 5 locations causing mass injury and loss of life.||Aum Shinrikyo|
|Paris, France||July 25, 1995||8||80||1995 Paris Metro bombing - A gas bottle exploded in the Saint-Michel - Notre-Dame station of line B of the RER (Paris regional train network).||Armed Islamic Group||Algerian Civil War|
|Palo Verde, Arizona||October 9, 1995||1||78||1995 Palo Verde, Arizona derailment - Amtrak Sunset Limited derails after rails are deliberately shifted out of position. The saboteurs were never identified.||Unknown|
|Paris, France||December 3, 1996||4||170||1996 Paris Métro bombing: Bomb explodes in a car of an RER train at Port Royal station. ||Armed Islamic Group||Algerian Civil War|
|Western Assam, India||December 30, 1996||33||Brahmaputra Mail train bombing: A mail train was destroyed by a bomb. The rail line was frequently by military trains as well which may have been the bomb's intended target.||National Democratic Front of Bodoland (suspected)||Assam conflict|
|Manila, Philippines||December 30, 2000||22||120||Rizal Day bombings - Islamist militants bombed a train at the Blumentritt LRT Station as part of Rizal Day bombings.||Jemaah Islamiyah (suspected)|
|Angola||August 10, 2001||252||165||2001 Angola train attack - UNITA forces derailed a train with an anti-tank mine between the towns of Zenza and Dondo and then attacked the passengers with small arms fire.||UNITA||Angolan Civil War|
|Jaunpur, India||May 13, 2002||12||80||Jaunpur train crash - An act of sabotage which caused the derailment of a passenger train at Jaunpur in Uttar Pradesh, a state in Northern India.||Student's Islamic Movement of India (suspected)|
|Rafiganj, India||September 10, 2002||130||500?||Rafiganj train disaster - The derailment of a train on a bridge over the Dhave River in North-Central India, which was reportedly due to sabotage by a local Maoist terrorist group, the Naxalites.||Communist Party of India||Naxalite–Maoist insurgency|
|Kurnool, India||December 21, 2002||20||80||Kurnool train crash: Deliberate derailment of a passenger train.||Lashkar-e-Taiba (suspected)|
|Mumbai, India||January 27, 2003||1||28||2003 Mumbai bombing: A bomb placed on a bicycle exploded outside the Vile Parle railway station in Mumbai, killing a woman and injuring dozens of people.||Lashkar-e-Taiba (suspected)|
|Mumbai, India||March 13, 2003||10||70||2003 Mumbai train bombing: A bomb exploded on a train as it entered Mulund railway station.||Lashkar-e-Taiba (suspected)|
|Stavropol Krai, Russia||September 3, 2003||7||80||A blast which ripped through a commuter train in Stavropol Krai, Russia going from Kislovodsk to Mineralnye Vody.||Riyadus-Salihiin||Second Chechen War|
|Stavropol Krai, Russia||December 5, 2003||46||170||2003 Stavropol train bombing (December) - A suicide bomber caused a blast which ripped through a commuter train in Stavropol Krai, Russia going from Kislovodsk to Mineralnye Vody as it was leaving Yessentuki.||Riyadus-Salihiin||Second Chechen War|
|Moscow, Russia||February 6, 2004||41||120||February 2004 Moscow metro bombing - Suicide bomber detonates bomb near Avtozavodskaya station.||Riyadus-Salihiin||Second Chechen War|
|Madrid, Spain||March 11, 2004||192||2050||2004 Madrid train bombings - Ten near-simultaneous explosions occur between Alcalá de Henares and Madrid Atocha railway station during the morning rush hour. See Reactions to the 2004 Madrid train bombings.||Al-Qaeda|
|London, United Kingdom||July 7, 2005||56||700||7 July 2005 London bombings - Four explosions (3 on the London Underground and 1 on a bus) rock the transport network in London.||Al-Qaeda|
|Jaunpur, India||July 28, 2005||13||50||2005 Jaunpur train bombing - An explosion destroyed a carriage of an express train near the town of Jaunpur in Uttar Pradesh.||Unknown|
|Mumbai, India||July 11, 2006||209||714||11 July 2006 Mumbai train bombings - Seven explosions in eleven minutes rock the Western Line on the Mumbai Suburban Railway.||Lashkar-e-Taiba||Kashmir conflict|
|West Bengal, India||November 20, 2006||7||53||2006 West Bengal train disaster - A bomb explodes on a train near Belacoba station in West Bengal.||Unknown|
|Panipat, India||February 18, 2007||68||50||2007 Samjhauta Express bombings - Bombs were set off in two carriages, both filled with passengers, just after the train passed Diwana station near the Indian city of Panipat.||Abhinav Bharat or Lashkar-e-Taiba||Kashmir conflict|
|Colombo, Sri Lanka||May 26, 2008||8||72||A packed commuter train carrying 200 passenger onboard which time bombing exploded at Dehiwela railroad station, carried out by the LTTE.||LTTE||Sri Lankan civil war|
|Mumbai, India||November 26, 2008||58||104||Part of 2008 Mumbai attacks: Three terrorists, including Ajmal Kasab, opened fire on the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus in Mumbai. This was deadliest attack of a series of attacks in Mumbai on November 26, 2008 that killed 166 people in total.||Lashkar-e-Taiba||Kashmir conflict|
|Bologoye, Russia||November 27, 2009||27||95||2009 Nevsky Express bombing - A 7-kilogram (15 lb) explosive device derailed at least three of the 14 cars of the Nevsky Express at Bologoye on a journey from Moscow to St Petersburg while traveling at 200 kilometres per hour. A second bomb exploded during salvage operations.||Caucasus Emirate||Insurgency in the North Caucasus|
|Moscow, Russia||March 29, 2010||40||102||2010 Moscow Metro bombings - A double suicide bombing at Lubyanka and Park Kultury stations of the Moscow Metro.||Caucasus Emirate
|Insurgency in the North Caucasus|
|West Midnapore, West Bengal, India||May 28, 2010||148||200+||2010 Gyaneshwari Express derailment - In the West Midnapore district of West Bengal, India, a sabotaged railway track caused a train to derail before an oncoming goods train, killing at least 65 passengers.||Communist Party of India||Naxalite–Maoist insurgency|
|Minsk, Belarus||April 11, 2011||15||204||2011 Minsk Metro bombing: A nail bomb exploded at the Kastryčnickaja metro station in central Minsk, killing 15. Two men were arrested in connection with the bombings and executed in 2012.||Dzimitry Kanavalau and Vlad Kavalyou|
|Chennai, India||May 1, 2014||1||14||2014 Chennai train bombing: Two bombs explode on a train entering Chennai Central railway station||Indian Mujahideen (suspected)|
|Istanbul, Turkey||December 1, 2015||0||5||2015 Istanbul metro bombing: A pipe bomb exploded near the Bayrampaşa—Maltepe station of the Istanbul Metro.||Unknown|
|Belgium, Brussels||March 22, 2016||20||200||Part of 2016 Brussels bombings: A suicide bomber detonated at the Maalbeek metro station in Brussels about an hour after two other suicide bombers detonated at Zaventem airport||Islamic State||Wave of Terror in Europe|
|Würzburg, Germany||July 18, 2016||1||5||2016 Würzburg train attack: A 17-year-old Afghan refugee stabbed four people on a train in Würzburg before fleeing the train, stabbing another person outside before being shot dead by police.||Islamic State||Wave of Terror in Europe|
|Madhya Pradesh, India||March 7, 2017||0||10||2017 Bhopal–Ujjain Passenger train bombing: Ten passengers were injured in the first ISIS attack in India.||Islamic State|
|Saint Petersburg, Russia||April 3, 2017||14||64||2017 Saint Petersburg Metro bombing - A briefcase bomb packed with shrapnel exploded on a Saint Petersburg Metro train between Sennaya Ploshchad and Tekhnologichesky Institut stations. A total of 14 people were killed, and 64 others were injured.||Unknown||Unknown|
- Najibullah Zazi was arrested before attempting to bomb stations of the New York City Subway in 2009.
- Farooque Ahmed plotted to bomb Washington Metro stations in 2010.
- Palestine Terrorists Kill 8 In Bombing of Troop Train NY Times, April 23, 1947
- Two Britons Killed in Palestine Mine NY Times, May 16, 1947
- Terrorists Wreck Haifa Troop Train NY Times, August 10, 1947
- Terrorists Strike in Palestine Again NY Times, September 30, 1947
- "Bomb Kills 8 Boarding Train in Egypt". nytimes.com. New York Times. Retrieved November 15, 2016.
- "30 years since the largest railway assault in Bulgaria". Bulgarian National Radio. 9 March 2015. Retrieved 7 June 2015.
- "Bomb Blast on Train Kills American, 6 Others in Peru". latimes.com. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 15, 2016.
- 49 Slain by Gunmen on Train in India, The New York Times (December 27, 1991)
- 2 Foreigners Shot in Egypt - New York Times. Nytimes.com (1994-02-19). Retrieved on 2013-08-17.
- French officials say bomb caused deadly train blast- Dec. 3, 1996. CNN. Retrieved on 2013-08-17.
- Чистосердечное признание пересмотру не подлежит / События / Независимая газета. Ng.ru (2004-09-22). Retrieved on 2013-08-17.
- "India train bomb kills 7, hurts 53". CNN. November 21, 2006.
- "Bomb rocks busy Sri Lankan train". BBC. 2008-05-26.
- "Russia train crash "caused by bomb"". BBC. 28 November 2009.
- "Ujjain train blast marks first IS attack in India; 10 injured". Times of India. March 8, 2017.
- "Число жертв теракта в Петербурге выросло до 14 человек [Number of fatalities of the terrorist act in Petersburg has grown to fourteen people". Meduza. Meduza. 4 April 2017. Retrieved 4 April 2017.
В результате взрыва в метро Санкт-Петербурга погибли 14 человек, сообщила министр здравоохранения России Вероника Скворцова. [In the aftermath of explosion in the metro of Saint Petersburg 14 people have died, reported by the minister of health of Russia Veronika Skvortsova]
- "Взрыв в метро Санкт-Петербурга: погибли 10 человек" [Explosion in Metro St. Petersburg, killing 10 people]. BBC Russia (in Russian). 3 April 2017. Retrieved 3 April 2017.