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List of the 100 largest municipalities in Canada by population

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The table below lists the 100 largest census subdivisions (municipalities or municipal equivalents) in Canada by population, using data from the Canada 2011 census for census subdivisions.[1]

This list includes only the population within a census subdivision's boundaries as defined at the time of the census. Many census subdivisions are part of a larger census metropolitan area or census agglomeration. For their ranking, see the list of census metropolitan areas and agglomerations in Canada.

List[edit]

A city is displayed in bold if it is a provincial or federal capital, and in italics if it is the most populous city in the province. Three territories and one province—Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut and Prince Edward Island—do not have cities with populations of 48,000 or more.

Rank Subdivision Province Type Land Area (2011) Population

(2016)

Population (2011) Population (2006) Population (2001) Population (1996) Change

(2006-2016)

Change (1996–2011)
1
Toronto Ontario City 630.2 km2 2,731,579 2,615,060 2,503,281 2,481,494 2,385,421 +9.12% +9.63%
2
Montreal Quebec Ville 365.1 km2 1,704,694 1,649,519 1,620,693 1,583,590 1,547,030 +6.62%
3
Calgary Alberta City 825.3 km2 1,239,220 1,096,833 988,193 879,003 768,082 +42.80%
4
Ottawa Ontario City 2,790.2 km2 934,243 883,391 812,129 774,072 721,136 +22.50%
5
Edmonton Alberta City 684.4 km2 932,546 812,201 730,372 666,104 616,306 +31.79%
6
Mississauga Ontario City 292.4 km2 721,599 713,443 668,549 612,000 544,382 +31.06%
7
Winnipeg Manitoba City 464.1 km2 705,224 663,617 633,451 619,544 618,477 +7.30%
8
Vancouver British Columbia City 115.0 km2 631,486 603,502 578,041 545,671 514,008 +17.41%
9
Brampton Ontario City 266.3 km2 593,638 523,911 433,806 325,428 268,251 +95.31%
10
Hamilton Ontario City 1,117.2 km2 536,917 519,949 504,559 490,268 467,799 +11.15%
11
Quebec City Quebec Ville 454.1 km2 531,902 516,622 491,142 476,330 467,728 +10.45%
12
Surrey British Columbia City 316.4 km2 517,887 468,251 394,976 347,820 304,477 +53.79%
13
Laval Quebec Ville 247.1 km2 422,993 401,553 368,709 343,005 330,393 +21.54%
14
Halifax Nova Scotia Regional municipality 5,490.3 km2 403,131 390,096 372,679 359,111 342,851 +13.78%
15
London Ontario City 420.6 km2 383,822 366,151 352,395 336,539 325,669 +12.43%
16
Markham Ontario City 212.6 km2 328,966 301,709 261,573 208,615 173,383 +74.01%
17
Vaughan Ontario City 273.5 km2 306,233 288,301 238,866 182,022 132,549 +117.51%
18
Gatineau Quebec Ville 343.0 km2 276,245 265,349 242,124 226,696 217,591 +21.95%
19
Longueuil Quebec Ville 115.6 km2 246,376 231,409 229,330 225,761 225,722 +2.52%
20
Burnaby British Columbia City 90.6 km2 239,700 223,218 202,799 193,954 179,209 +24.56%
21
Saskatoon Saskatchewan City 209.6 km2 233,222 222,189 202,340 196,861 193,653 +14.74%
22
Kitchener Ontario City 136.8 km2 232,755 219,153 204,668 190,399 178,420 +22.83%
23
Windsor Ontario City 146.3 km2 217,188 210,891 216,473 209,218 197,694 +6.68%
24
Regina Saskatchewan City 179.97 km2 215,106 193,100 179,246 178,225 180,404 +7.04%
25
Richmond British Columbia City 129.3 km2 198,309 190,473 174,461 164,345 148,867 +27.95%
26
Richmond Hill Ontario Town 101.0 km2 195,022 185,541 162,704 132,030 101,725 +82.39%
27
Oakville Ontario Town 138.9 km2 193,832 182,520 165,613 144,738 128,405 +42.14%
28
Burlington Ontario City 185.7 km2 183,314 175,779 164,415 150,836 136,976 +11.49% +28.33%
29
Greater Sudbury Ontario City 3,227.4 km2 161,531 160,274 157,857 155,219 165,336 −3.06%
30
Sherbrooke Quebec Ville 353.5 km2 161,323 154,601 147,427 138,785 136,883 +12.94%
31
Oshawa Ontario City 145.7 km2 159,458 149,607 141,590 139,051 134,464 +11.26%
32
Saguenay Quebec Ville 1,126.5 km2 145,949 144,746 143,692 147,133 152,811 −5.28%
33
Lévis Quebec Ville 449.3 km2 143,414 138,769 130,006 121,999 103,750 +33.75%
34
Barrie Ontario City 77.4 km2 141,434 135,711 128,430 103,710 79,191 +71.37%
35
Abbotsford British Columbia City 375.6 km2 141,397 133,497 123,864 115,494 105,403 +26.65%
36
Coquitlam British Columbia City 122.3 km2 139,284 126,456 114,565 112,890 101,820 +24.20%
37
Trois-Rivières Quebec Ville 288.9 km2 134,413 131,338 126,323 122,395 124,417 +5.56%
38
St. Catharines Ontario City 96.1 km2 133,113 131,400 131,989 129,170 130,926 +0.36%
39
Guelph Ontario City 87.2 km2 131,794 121,688 114,943 106,170 95,821 +27.00%
40
Cambridge Ontario City 113.0 km2 129,920 126,748 120,371 110,372 101,429 +24.96%
41
Whitby Ontario Town 146.5 km2 128,377 122,022 111,184 87,413 73,794 +65.35%
42
Kelowna British Columbia City 211.6 km2 127,380 117,312 106,707 96,288 89,442 +31.16%
43
Kingston Ontario City 451.2 km2 123,798 123,363 117,207 114,195 112,605 +9.55%
44
Ajax Ontario Town 67.1 km2 119,677 109,600 90,167 73,753 64,430 +70.11%
45
Langley British Columbia District municipality 308.0 km2 117,285 104,177 93,726 86,896 80,179 +29.93%
46
Saanich British Columbia District municipality 103.8 km2 114,148 109,752 108,265 103,654 101,388 +8.25%
47
Terrebonne Quebec Ville 154.7 km2 111,575 106,322 94,703 80,536 75,116 +41.54%
48
Milton Ontario Town 363.2 km2 110,128 84,362 53,939 31,471 32,104 +162.78%
49
St. John's Newfoundland and Labrador City 446.0 km2 108,860 106,172 100,646 99,182 101,936 +4.16%
50
Thunder Bay Ontario City 328.2 km2 107,909 108,359 109,140 109,016 113,662 −4.67%
51
Waterloo Ontario City 64.0 km2 104,986 98,780 97,475 86,543 77,949 +26.72%
52
Delta British Columbia District municipality 180.1 km2 102,238 99,863 96,723 96,950 95,411 +4.67%
53
Chatham-Kent Ontario Municipality 2,458.1 km2 101,647 103,671 108,177 107,341 109,950 −5.71%
54
Red Deer Alberta City 104.3 km2 100,418 90,564 82,772 67,829 60,080 +50.74%
55
Strathcona County Alberta Specialized municipality 1,180.6 km2 98,044 92,490 82,511 71,986 64,176 +44.12%
56
Brantford Ontario City 72.5 km2 97,496 93,650 90,192 86,417 86,417 +8.37%
57
Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu Quebec Ville 225.8 km2 95,114 92,394 87,492 79,600 76,461 +20.84%
58
Cape Breton Nova Scotia Regional municipality 2,433.4 km2 94,285 97,398 102,250 105,968 114,733 −15.11%
59
Lethbridge Alberta City 122.4 km2 92,729 83,517 74,637 67,374 63,053 +32.46%
60
Clarington Ontario Municipality 611.3 km2 92,013 84,548 77,820 69,834 60,615 +39.48%
61
Pickering Ontario City 231.6 km2 91,771 88,721 87,838 87,139 78,989 +12.32%
62
Nanaimo British Columbia City 91.3 km2 90,504 83,810 78,692 73,000 70,130 +19.51%
63
Kamloops British Columbia City 299.2 km2 90,280 85,678 80,376 77,281 76,394 +12.15%
64
Niagara Falls Ontario City 209.7 km2 88,071 82,997 82,184 78,815 76,917 +7.90%
65
North Vancouver British Columbia District municipality 160.8 km2 85,935 84,412 82,562 82,310 80,418 +4.97%
66
Victoria British Columbia City 19.5 km2 85,792 80,017 78,057 74,125 73,405 +9.01%
67
Brossard Quebec Ville 45.2 km2 85,721 79,273 71,154 65,026 65,927 +20.24%
68
Repentigny Quebec Ville 61.8 km2 84,285 82,000 76,237 72,218 70,677 +16.02%
69
Newmarket Ontario Town 38.3 km2 84,224 79,978 74,295 65,788 57,125 +40.01%
70
Chilliwack British Columbia City 261.65 km2 83,788 77,936 69,217 62,567 60,186 +7.51%
71
Maple Ridge British Columbia City 266.8 km2 82,256 76,052 68,949 63,169 56,173 +35.39%
72
Peterborough Ontario City 63.8 km2 81,032 78,698 74,898 71,446 69,742 +12.84%
73
Kawartha Lakes Ontario City 3,083.1 km2 75,423 73,219 74,561 69,179 67,926 +7.78%
74
Drummondville Quebec Ville 246.9 km2 75,423 71,852 67,392 63,029 58,588 +22.64%
75
Saint-Jérôme Quebec Ville 90.5 km2 74,346 68,456 63,729 59,614 59,533 +14.99%
76
Prince George British Columbia City 318.3 km2 74,003 71,974 70,981 72,406 75,510 −4.68%
77
Sault Ste. Marie Ontario City 223.3 km2 73,368 75,141 74,948 74,566 80,054 −6.14%
78
Moncton New Brunswick City 141.2 km2 71,889 69,074 64,128 61,046 59,313 +16.46%
79
Sarnia Ontario City 164.7 km2 71,594 72,366 71,419 70,876 72,738 −0.51%
80
Wood Buffalo Alberta Specialized municipality 63,637.5 km2 71,589 65,565 51,496 41,445 35,213 +86.20%
81
New Westminster British Columbia City 15.6 km2 70,996 65,976 58,549 54,656 49,350 +33.69%
82
Saint John New Brunswick City 315.8 km2 67,575 70,063 68,043 69,661 72,494 −3.35%
83
Caledon Ontario Town 688.2 km2 66,502 59,460 57,050 50,605 39,893 +49.05%
84
Granby Quebec Ville 152.7 km2 66,222 63,433 47,637 44,121 43,316 +46.44%
85
St. Albert Alberta City 48.3 km2 65,589 61,466 57,719 53,081 46,888 +31.09%
86
Norfolk County Ontario City 1,607.6 km2 64,044 63,175 62,563 60,847 60,534 +4.36%
87
Medicine Hat Alberta City 112.0 km2 63,260 60,005 56,997 51,249 46,783 +28.26%
88
Grande Prairie Alberta City 72.8 km2 63,166 55,655 47,076 36,983 31,353 +75.52%
89
Airdrie Alberta City 84.57 km2 61,581 43,271 28,927 20,407 15,946
90
Halton Hills Ontario Town 276.3 km2 61,161 59,013 55,289 48,184 42,390 +39.20%
91
Port Coquitlam British Columbia City 29.2 km2 58,612 55,958 52,687 51,257 46,682 +20.69%
92
Fredericton New Brunswick City 131.7 km2 58,220 56,224 50,535 47,580 46,507 +20.89%
93
Blainville Quebec Ville 55.1 km2 56,863 53,510 46,493 36,029 29,603 +80.76%
94
Saint-Hyacinthe Quebec Ville 188.7 km2 55,648 53,236 51,616 50,394 50,027 +6.41%
95
Aurora Ontario Town 49.8 km2 55,445 53,203 47,629 40,167 34,857 +52.63%
96
North Vancouver British Columbia City 11.8 km2 52,898 48,196 45,165 44,303 41,475 +16.20%
97
Welland Ontario City 81.1 km2 52,293 50,631 50,331 48,402 48,411 +4.59%
98
North Bay Ontario City 319.1 km2 51,553 53,651 53,966 52,771 54,332 −1.25%
99
Belleville Ontario City 247.2 km2 50,716 49,454 48,821 46,029 46,195 +7.05%
100
Mirabel Quebec Ville 485.07 km2 50,513 41,957 34,626 27,315 22,626

Gallery[edit]

Toronto
Montreal
Calgary
Ottawa
Edmonton
Mississauga
Winnipeg
Vancouver
Brampton
Hamilton
Quebec City
Surrey
Laval
Halifax
London
Markham
Vaughan
Gatineau
Longueuil
Burnaby
Saskatoon
Kitchener
Windsor
Regina
Richmond
Richmond Hill
Oakville
Burlington
Greater Sudbury
Sherbrooke
Oshawa
Saguenay
Lévis
Barrie
Abbotsford
Coquitlam
Trois-Rivières
St. Catharines
Guelph
Cambridge
Whitby
Kelowna
Kingston
Ajax
Langley
Saanich
Terrebonne
Milton
St. John's
Thunder Bay

Highest growth, 2011–2016[edit]

The following is a list of the 15 census subdivisions in Canada with a population of 5,000 or greater that experienced the highest percentage of population growth between the 2011 and 2016 censuses as published by Statistics Canada.[2]

Subdivision Population (2016) Population (2011) Change (2011–2016)
Warman, Saskatchewan (city) 11,020 7,104 +55.12%
Blackfalds, Alberta (town) 9,328 6,300 +48.06%
Cochrane, Alberta (town) 25,853 17,580 +47.06%
Airdrie, Alberta (city) 61,581 42,564 +44.68%
Shelburne, Ontario (town) 8,126 5,846 +39.00%
Chestermere, Alberta (city) 19,887 14,824 +34.15%
Beaumont, Alberta (town) 17,396 13,284 +30.95%
Milton, Ontario (town) 110,128 84,362 +30.54%
Spruce Grove, Alberta (city) 34,066 26,171 +30.17%
Tsinstikeptum Indian Reserve No. 9 (Indian reserve) 7,612 5,872 +29.63%
Sainte-Brigitte-de-Laval (municipalité) 7,348 5,696 +29.00%
Fort Saskatchewan (city) 24,149 19,051 +26.76%
Contrecœur, Quebec (ville) 7,887 6,252 +26.15%
Bradford West Gwillimbury (town) 35,325 28,077 +25.81%
Martensville, Saskatchewan (city) 9,645 7,716 +25.00%

Largest decreases, 2006–2011[edit]

The following is a list of the 15 census subdivisions in Canada with a population of 5,000 or greater that experienced the largest percentage of population decreases between the 2006 and 2011 censuses as published by Statistics Canada.[2]

Subdivision Population (2011) Population (2006) Change (2006–2011)
Unorganized Thunder Bay District, Ontario (unorganized) 5,909 6,585 −10.27%
Inverness, Subdivision A, Nova Scotia (subdivision) 5,280 5,859 −9.88%
Hearst, Ontario (town) 5,090 5,620 −9.43%
Lac La Biche County, Alberta (municipal district) 8,402 9,123 −7.90%
Kitimat, British Columbia (district municipality) 8,335 8,987 −7.25%
Dryden, Ontario (city) 7,617 8,195 −7.05%
Digby, Nova Scotia (municipal district) 7,463 7,986 −6.55%
Shippagan, New Brunswick (parish) 5,032 5,370 −6.29%
Clare, Nova Scotia (municipal district) 8,319 8,813 −5.61%
Yarmouth, Nova Scotia (town) 6,761 7,162 −5.60%
The Blue Mountains, Ontario (town) 6,453 6,825 −5.45%
Kings, Subdivision D, Nova Scotia (subdivision of county municipality) 5,201 5,499 −5.42%
Brock, Ontario (township) 11,341 11,979 −5.33%
Annapolis, Subdivision A, Nova Scotia (subdivision of county municipality) 6,008 6,342 −5.27%
La Tuque, Quebec (ville) 11,227 11,821 −5.02%

See also[edit]

References[edit]