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List of the largest municipalities in Canada by population

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The table below lists the 100 largest census subdivisions (municipalities or municipal equivalents) in Canada by population, using data from the 2021 census for census subdivisions.[1]

This list includes only the population within a census subdivision's boundaries as defined at the time of the census. Many census subdivisions are part of a larger census metropolitan area or census agglomeration. For their ranking, see the list of census metropolitan areas and agglomerations in Canada.

A city is displayed in bold if it is a provincial or federal capital, and in italics if it is the most populous city in the province. Three territories and one province—Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut and Prince Edward Island—do not have municipalities among the 100 most populous in Canada.

Rank (2021) Municipality Province Municipal status Population (2021) Population (2016) Growth rate (2016–2021) Land area (km2, 2021)
1
Toronto Ontario City 2,794,356 2,731,571 2.30% 631.1
2
Montreal Quebec Ville 1,762,949 1,704,694 3.40% 364.74
3
Calgary Alberta City 1,306,784 1,239,220 5.50% 820.62
4
Ottawa Ontario City 1,017,449 934,243 8.90% 2,788.2
5
Edmonton Alberta City 1,010,899 933,088 8.30% 765.61
6
Winnipeg Manitoba City 749,607 705,244 6.30% 461.78
7
Mississauga Ontario City 717,961 721,599 −0.50% 292.74
8
Vancouver British Columbia City 662,248 631,486 4.90% 115.18
9
Brampton Ontario City 656,480 593,638 10.60% 265.89
10
Hamilton Ontario City 569,353 536,917 6.00% 1,118.31
11
Surrey British Columbia City 568,322 517,887 9.70% 316.11
12
Quebec City Quebec Ville 549,459 531,902 3.30% 452.30
13
Halifax Nova Scotia Regional municipality 439,819 403,131 9.10% 5,475.57
14
Laval Quebec Ville 438,366 422,993 3.60% 246.13
15
London Ontario City 422,324 383,822 10.00% 420.5
16
Markham Ontario City 338,503 328,966 2.90% 210.93
17
Vaughan Ontario City 323,103 306,233 5.50% 272.44
18
Gatineau Quebec Ville 291,041 276,245 5.40% 341.84
19
Saskatoon Saskatchewan City 266,141 247,201 7.70% 226.56
20
Kitchener Ontario City 256,885 233,222 10.1% 136.81
21
Longueuil Quebec Ville 254,483 239,897 6.10% 115.77
22
Burnaby British Columbia City 249,125 232,755 7.00% 90.57
23
Windsor Ontario City 229,660 217,188 5.70% 146.02
24
Regina Saskatchewan City 226,404 215,106 5.25% 178.81
25
Oakville Ontario Town 213,759 193,832 10.30% 138.94
26
Richmond British Columbia City 209,937 198,309 5.90% 128.87
27
Richmond Hill Ontario City 202,022 195,022 3.60% 100.79
28
Burlington Ontario City 186,948 183,314 2.00% 186.12
29
Oshawa Ontario City 175,383 159,458 10.00% 145.72
30
Sherbrooke Quebec Ville 172,950 161,531 7.20% 353.40
31
Greater Sudbury Ontario City 166,004 161,531 2.80% 3,186.26
32
Abbotsford British Columbia City 153,524 141,397 8.60% 375.33
33
Lévis Quebec Ville 149,683 143,414 4.40% 448.07
34
Coquitlam British Columbia City 148,625 139,284 6.70% 122.15
35
Barrie Ontario City 147,829 141,434 4.50% 99.01
36
Saguenay Quebec Ville 144,723 145,949 −0.80% 1,124.63
37
Kelowna British Columbia City 144,576 127,390 13.50% 211.85
38
Guelph Ontario City 143,740 131,794 9.10% 87.43
39
Trois-Rivières Quebec Ville 139,163 134,413 3.50% 288.65
40
Whitby Ontario Town 138,501 128,377 7.90% 146.69
41
Cambridge Ontario City 138,479 129,920 6.60% 112.99
42
St. Catharines Ontario City 136,803 133,113 2.80% 96.20
43
Milton Ontario Town 132,979 110,128 20.70% 363.83
44
Langley British Columbia District municipality 132,603 117,285 13.10% 307.22
45
Kingston Ontario City 132,485 123,798 7.00% 451.58
46
Ajax Ontario Town 126,666 119,677 5.80% 66.64
47
Waterloo Ontario City 121,436 104,986 15.70% 64.06
48
Terrebonne Quebec Ville 119,944 111,575 7.50% 153.76
49
Saanich British Columbia District municipality 117,735 114,148 3.10% 103.59
50
St. John's Newfoundland and Labrador City 110,525 108,860 1.50% 446.02
51
Thunder Bay Ontario City 108,843 107,909 0.90% 327.77
52
Delta British Columbia City 108,455 102,238 6.10% 179.66
53
Brantford Ontario City 104,688 98,563 6.20% 98.65
54
Chatham-Kent Ontario Municipality 103,988 101,647 2.30% 2,451.90
55
Clarington Ontario Municipality 101,427 92,013 10.20% 610.84
56
Red Deer Alberta City 100,844 100,418 0.40% 104.34
57
Nanaimo British Columbia City 99,863 90,504 10.30% 90.45
58
Strathcona County Alberta Specialized municipality 99,225 98,024 1.20% 1,170.65
59
Pickering Ontario City 99,186 91,771 8.10% 231.10
60
Lethbridge Alberta City 98,406 92,729 6.10% 121.12
61
Kamloops British Columbia City 97,902 90,280 8.40% 297.93
62
Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu Quebec Ville 97,873 95,114 2.90% 226.93
63
Niagara Falls Ontario City 94,415 88,071 7.20% 210.25
64
Cape Breton Nova Scotia Regional municipality 93,694 94,285 −0.60% 2,419.70
65
Chilliwack British Columbia City 93,203 83,788 11.20% 261.34
66
Victoria British Columbia City 91,867 85,792 7.10% 19.45
67
Brossard Quebec Ville 91,525 85,721 6.80% 45.19
68
Maple Ridge British Columbia City 90,990 82,256 10.60% 267.82
69
North Vancouver British Columbia District municipality 88,168 85,649 2.90% 160.66
70
Newmarket Ontario Town 87,942 84,224 4.40% 38.50
71
Repentigny Quebec Ville 86,100 84,285 2.20% 61.52
72
Peterborough Ontario City 83,651 81,032 3.20% 64.76
73
Saint-Jérôme Quebec Ville 80,213 74,346 7.90% 90.18
74
Moncton New Brunswick City 79,470 71,889 10.50% 140.67
75
Drummondville Quebec Ville 79,258 75,423 5.10% 247.11
76
Kawartha Lakes Ontario City 79,247 75,423 5.10% 3,033.66
77
New Westminster British Columbia City 78,916 70,996 11.20% 15.62
78
Prince George British Columbia City 76,708 74,003 3.70% 316.74
79
Caledon Ontario Town 76,581 66,502 15.20% 688.82
80
Airdrie Alberta City 74,100 61,581 20.30% 84.39
81
Wood Buffalo Alberta Specialized municipality 72,326 71,594 1.00% 60,843.88
82
Sault Ste. Marie Ontario City 72,051 73,368 −1.80% 221.99
83
Sarnia Ontario City 72,047 71,594 0.60% 163.90
84
Saint John New Brunswick City 69,895 67,575 3.40% 315.59
85
Granby Quebec Ville 69,025 66,222 4.20% 152.69
86
St. Albert Alberta City 68,232 65,589 4.00% 47.84
87
Norfolk County Ontario City 67,490 64,044 5.40% 1,597.68
88
Grande Prairie Alberta City 64,141 63,166 1.50% 132.71
89
Medicine Hat Alberta City 63,271 63,260 0.00% 111.97
90
Fredericton New Brunswick City 63,116 58,721 7.50% 133.93
91
Halton Hills Ontario Town 62,951 61,161 2.90% 276.81
92
Aurora Ontario Town 62,057 55,445 11.90% 50.00
93
Port Coquitlam British Columbia City 61,498 58,612 4.90% 29.16
94
Mirabel Quebec City 61,108 50,513 21.00% 484.09
95
Blainville Quebec Ville 59,819 56,863 5.20% 54.97
96
North Vancouver British Columbia City 58,120 52,898 9.90% 11.83
97
Saint-Hyacinthe Quebec Ville 57,239 55,648 2.90% 188.85
98
Welland Ontario City 55,750 52,293 6.60% 81.16
99
Belleville Ontario City 55,071 50,716 8.60% 247.15
100
North Bay Ontario City 52,662 51,553 2.20% 315.53

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2021 and 2016 censuses". Statistics Canada. 9 February 2022. Retrieved 2022-02-09.