List of the 108 Lower Canadians prosecuted before the general court-martial of Montreal in 1838–39

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Complete list of the 108 Lower Canadians prosecuted before the general court-martial of Montreal in 1838-1839. The trials occurred between December 6, 1838 and 1 May 1839, following the suspension of habeas corpus on November 8, 1838. Nine of the persons in custody were acquitted, and 99 sentenced to death. 12 patriots were hanged in public between December 1838 and February 1839. 58 of the 99 who were initially condemned to death saw their sentence commuted into deportation to Australia on September 27, 1839. (Pardoned in 1843, they returned home in 1845.) 29 were freed under bail or condition.[1]

The 58 deported to Australia[edit]

Saint-Clément[edit]

L'Acadie[edit]

Sainte-Martine[edit]

Napierville[edit]

Terrebonne[edit]

Saint-Césaire[edit]

Montréal[edit]

Saint-Timothée[edit]

Châteauguay[edit]

Saint-Rémi[edit]

Saint-Constant[edit]

Saint-Philippe[edit]

Saint-Edouard[edit]

Saint-Vincent-de-Paul[edit]

Alburg, Vermont[edit]

The 26 released under bail[edit]

The 12 hanged[edit]

The nine acquitted[edit]

The three freed on condition[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Colborne, John (1839). Report of the State Trials, Before a General Court Martial , volume 2, p. 567

References[edit]

  • Faubert, Michel (2003). Liste des patriotes prisonniers (list of some 1366 persons detained during the period 1837-1840)
  • Messier, Alain (2002). Dictionnaire encyclopédique et historique des patriotes. 1837-1838, Montréal: Guérin, 497 p.
  • Boyer, Raymond (1966). Les crimes et les châtiments au Canada français du XVIIe au XXe siècle, Montréal: le Cercle du livre de France, 542 p.
  • Borthwick, John Douglas (1866). History of the Montreal prison from A.D. 1784 to A.D. 1886 : containing a complete record of the Troubles of 1837-1838, burning of the Parliament buildings in 1849, the St. Alban's raiders, 1864, the two Fenian raids of 1866 and 1870 [...], Montreal: A. Periard, bookseller, publisher and importer, 269 p.
  • Colborne, John (1839). Report of the State Trials, Before a General Court Martial Held at Montreal in 1838-9: Exhibiting a Complete History of the Late Rebellion in Lower Canada, Montreal: Armour and Ramsay, (online: volume 1, volume 2)