List of islands of the British Isles

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The British Isles and the Channel Islands

This page is a list of the larger[vague] islands that form the British Isles, listing area and population data. The total area of the islands is 314,965 km2.[1] Great Britain accounts for the larger part of this area at 66%,[2] with Ireland accounting for 26%,[3] leaving the remaining 8%—an area of 23,996 km2—comprising thousands of smaller islands. The largest of the other islands are to be found in the Hebrides and Northern Isles to the north, and Anglesey and the Isle of Man between Great Britain and Ireland. Not included are the Channel Islands which are positioned off the coast of France.

There are 187 permanently inhabited islands in total:

  • Isle of Man: 2
  • Ireland: 62 and part of Ireland
  • United Kingdom: 123 and part of Ireland
    • England: 19 and part of Great Britain
    • Northern Ireland: 1 and part of Ireland
    • Scotland: 97 and part of Great Britain (as of the 2001 census, 4 had only a sole permanent occupant, and further 20 had a permanent population of fewer than 10)
    • Wales: 6 and part of Great Britain

The Isle of Man is a Crown dependency.

Name Area
(km2)
Area
rank
Population[4] Population
rank
Location Country
Great Britain 209,331[2] 01 60,800,000[5] 01 N/A England, Scotland and Wales, United Kingdom
Ireland 81,638[3] 02 6,378,000[6] 02 N/A Ireland
Northern Ireland, United Kingdom
Lewis and Harris[7] 2,179 03 19,918 11 Outer Hebrides Scotland, United Kingdom
Skye[7] 1,656 04 9,232 17 Inner Hebrides Scotland, United Kingdom
Shetland Mainland[7] 969 05 17,550 12 Shetland Islands Scotland, United Kingdom
Mull[7] 875 06 2,667 22 Inner Hebrides Scotland, United Kingdom
Anglesey (including Holy Island) 714 07 69,000 07 Irish Sea Wales, United Kingdom
Islay[7] 620 08 3,457 21 Inner Hebrides Scotland, United Kingdom
Isle of Man[8] 572 09 80,056 06 Irish Sea Isle of Man
Orkney Mainland[7] 523 10 15,315 14 Orkney Islands Scotland, United Kingdom
Arran[7] 432 11 5,045 20 Firth of Clyde Scotland, United Kingdom
Isle of Wight[9] 381 12 132,731 04 English Channel England, United Kingdom
Jura 367 13 188 50 Inner Hebrides Scotland, United Kingdom
South Uist[7] 320 14 1,818 25 Outer Hebrides Scotland, United Kingdom
North Uist[7] 303 15 1,271 28 Outer Hebrides Scotland, United Kingdom
Yell 212 16 957 34 Shetland Islands Scotland, United Kingdom
Achill Island[10] 147 17 2,620 23 County Mayo Republic of Ireland
Hoy 143 18 272 45 Orkney Islands Scotland, United Kingdom
Bute[7] 122 19 7,228 18 Firth of Clyde Scotland, United Kingdom
Unst 121 20 720 37 Shetland Islands Scotland, United Kingdom
Rùm 105 21 22 Small Isles Scotland, United Kingdom
Isle of Sheppey[11] 94 22 37,852 09 Kent England, United Kingdom
Benbecula[7] 82 23 1,219 29 Outer Hebrides Scotland, United Kingdom
Tiree 78 24 770 36 Inner Hebrides Scotland, United Kingdom
Coll 77 25 164 Inner Hebrides Scotland, United Kingdom
Raasay 64 26 192 49 Inner Hebrides Scotland, United Kingdom
Barra[7] 59 27 1,078 31 Outer Hebrides Scotland, United Kingdom
Sanday 50 28 478 40 Orkney Islands Scotland, United Kingdom
South Ronaldsay 50 28 458 41 Orkney Islands Scotland, United Kingdom
Rousay 49 30 212 47 Orkney Islands Scotland, United Kingdom
Westray 47 31 563 39 Orkney Islands Scotland, United Kingdom
Fetlar 41 32 86 Shetland Islands Scotland, United Kingdom
Colonsay 41 32 108 Inner Hebrides Scotland, United Kingdom
Holy Island, Anglesey 39 34 13,579 15 Anglesey Wales, United Kingdom
Stronsay 33 35 343 43 Orkney Islands Scotland, United Kingdom
Inishmore 31 36 824 35 Aran Islands Republic of Ireland
Eigg 30 37 67 Small Isles Scotland, United Kingdom
Shapinsay 30 37 300 44 Orkney Islands Scotland, United Kingdom
Bressay 28 39 384 42 Shetland Islands Scotland, United Kingdom
Eday 27 40 121 Orkney Islands Scotland, United Kingdom
Hayling Island[12] 27 40 16,887 13 Hampshire England, United Kingdom
Foulness Island 26 42 212 47 Essex England, United Kingdom
Scalpay 25 43 10 Inner Hebrides Scotland, United Kingdom
Gorumna[10] 24 44 1,010 33 County Galway Republic of Ireland
Portsea Island 24 44 147,088 03 Hampshire England, United Kingdom
Lismore 24 44 146 Inner Hebrides Scotland, United Kingdom
Great Bernera 21 47 233 46 Outer Hebrides Scotland, United Kingdom
Ulva 20 48 16 Inner Hebrides Scotland, United Kingdom
Whalsay[7] 20 48 1,034 32 Shetland Islands Scotland, United Kingdom
Canvey Island[13] 19 50 37,479 10 Essex England, United Kingdom
Mersea Island[14] 18 51 7,182 19 Essex England, United Kingdom
Muckle Roe 18 51 104 Shetland Islands Scotland, United Kingdom
Walney Island[15] 13 53 11,388 16 Furness England, United Kingdom
Great Cumbrae[7] 12 54 1,434 27 Firth of Clyde Scotland, United Kingdom
St Mary's[16] 6 55 1,666 26 Isles of Scilly England, United Kingdom
Lundy 4 56 28 Devon England, United Kingdom
Tresco 3 57 180 51 Isles of Scilly England, United Kingdom
Calf of Man 3 57 2 Irish Sea Isle of Man
Thorney Island[17] 2 59 1,079 30 West Sussex England, United Kingdom
Bardsey Island[18] 2 59 4 Gwynedd Wales, United Kingdom
St Martin's 2 59 142 Isles of Scilly England, United Kingdom
St Agnes 1 62 73 Isles of Scilly England, United Kingdom
Bryher 1 62 92 Isles of Scilly England, United Kingdom

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ COUNTRY/TERRITORY INDEX, ISLAND DIRECTORY, United Nations Environment Programme. Retrieved 9 August 2015.
    Island Facts, Isle of Man Government. Retrieved 9 August 2015.
    According to the UNEP, the Republic of Ireland has a land area of 70,282 km2, and the United Kingdom has a land area of 244,111 km2. According to the Isle of Man Government, the Isle of Man has a land area of 572 km2. Therefore, the overall land area of the British Isles is 315,159 km2
  2. ^ a b Great Britain, ISLAND DIRECTORY, United Nations Environment Programme. Retrieved 9 August 2015. According to the UNEP, Great Britain has an area of 209,331 km2.
  3. ^ a b Ireland, ISLAND DIRECTORY, United Nations Environment Programme. Retrieved 9 August 2015. According to the UNEP, Ireland has an area of 81,638 km2.
  4. ^ Population figures are from 2001 Census, except: Great Britain and Ireland both from 2011; Isle of Portland from 2005; Achill, Gorumna, Isle of Man, Jersey all from 2006.
  5. ^ 2011 Census: Population Estimates for the United Kingdom. In the 2011 census, the population of England, Wales and Scotland was estimated to be approximately 61,370,000, composed of 60,800,000 on Great Britain and 570,000 on other islands. Retrieved 9 August 2015.
  6. ^ "Historical Population Trends – 1841 – 2011, NISRA" (PDF). Retrieved 2015-08-09. In 2011, the population of the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland was 6,399,115, composed of approximately 6,378,000 on Ireland and 21,000 on other islands.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n General Register Office for Scotland – Statistics for Inhabited Islands Archived 21 April 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ Isle of Man Census 2006 Archived 17 January 2013 at the Wayback Machine. (excluding the population of 2 living on the Calf of Man)
  9. ^ National Statistics – Isle of Wight (Local Authority). Neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved on 2012-05-22.
  10. ^ a b Census 2006 – Table 11 – Population of Inhabited Islands off the Coast (PDF)
  11. ^ National Statistics – Leysdown and Warden (Ward), Minster Cliffs (Ward), Queenborough and Halfway (Ward), Sheerness East (Ward), Sheerness West (Ward) and Sheppey Central (Ward)
  12. ^ National Statistics – Hayling East (Ward) and Hayling West (Ward)
  13. ^ National Statistics – Canvey Island Central (Ward), East (Ward), North (Ward), South (Ward), West (Ward) and Winter Gardens (Ward)
  14. ^ National Statistics – West Mersea CP (Parish) and East Mersea CP (Parish)
  15. ^ National Statistics – Walney North (Ward) and Walney South (Ward)
  16. ^ National Statistics – St. Mary's (Ward). Neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved on 2012-05-22.
  17. ^ National Statistics – West Thorney CP (Parish). Neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved on 2012-05-22.
  18. ^ Article on Bardsey Island residents. Guardian. Retrieved on 2012-05-22.