List of metropolitan areas in Africa

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This is a list of the largest urban agglomerations in Africa. Figures are from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects report, as well as from citypopulation.de. Figures for administrative areas are also given.

Rank City Country Administrative area[1] Agglomeration Image
(2014; UN WUP)[2] (2017-01-01;
citypopulation.de)
[3]
1 Cairo  Egypt 7,786,640 (2006)
Governorate
18,772,000 17,100,000 View from Cairo Tower 31march2007.jpg
2 Lagos  Nigeria 13,400,000 (2007)[4] 13,123,000 17,600,000 Lagos Island.jpg
3 Kinshasa-Brazzaville  Democratic Republic of the Congo
 Republic of the Congo
5,528,000 (1998) Province (Kinshasa)[5]
1,373,382 (2007) Capital District (Brazzaville)
13,475,000[6] 12,850,000[7] Kinshasa, Boulevard du 30 juin - 20090701.jpg
4 Greater Johannesburg  South Africa 3,888,180 (2007)
2 adjoining Metropolitan municipalities
9,399,000 13,100,000[8] Johannesburg CBD.jpg
5 Luanda  Angola 1,823,282 (2002)
Provincia
5,506,000 7,450,000 Luanda feb09 ost05.jpg
6 Khartoum-Omdurman  Sudan 2,919,773 (1993)
3 principal cities of the Khartoum agglomeration
5,129,000 5,700,000 Khartoum.jpg
7 Dar es Salaam  Tanzania 4,364,541 (2012)
Mkoa
5,116,000 5,550,000 Dar es Salaam before dusk.jpg
8 Abidjan  Ivory Coast 4,210,200 (2002)
Département
4,860,000 5,200,000 Abidjan.JPG
9 Alexandria  Egypt 4,110,015 (2006)
Governorate
4,778,000 5,250,000 Alexandria - Egypt.jpg
10 Nairobi  Kenya 3,138,295 (2009)
Nairobi administrative area
3,915,000 5,350,000 NBO5.jpg
11 Cape Town  South Africa 3,497,097 (2007)
Metropolitan municipality
3,660,000 4,050,000 Central Cape Town.jpg
12 Kano  Nigeria 2,153,225 (2006)
6 local government areas of Kano proper
3,587,000 4,275,000 KanofromDalaHill.jpg
13 Dakar  Senegal 2,452,656 (2005)
Région
3,520,000 3,400,000 Senegal baie de Dakar 800x600.jpg
14 Casablanca  Morocco 6,861,739(2016)
Région
3,515,000 4,225,000 Casablanca - Morocco 008.jpg
15 Addis Ababa  Ethiopia 2,738,248 (2007)
Astedader
3,238,000 3,550,000 Addis-sheraton.jpg
16 Ibadan  Nigeria 1,338,659 (2006)
5 local government areas of Ibadan proper
3,160,000 3,250,000 Ibadan street scene.jpg
17 Yaoundé  Cameroon 1,248,235 (2001)
Mfoundi département
3,066,000 3,025,000 Cameroon-Yaounde01.jpg
18 Douala  Cameroon 1,514,978 (2001)
Wouri département
2,943,000 3,000,000 Douala.JPG
19 Durban  South Africa 3,468,086 (2007)
Metropolitan municipality
2,901,000 3,275,000 Durban beach.jpg
20 Ouagadougou  Burkina Faso 1,475,223 (2006)
Municipality
2,741,000 2,150,000 Avenue kwame nkrumah.png
21 Antananarivo  Madagascar 2,610,000 2,275,000 Antananarivo - Analakely.jpg
22 Kumasi  Ghana 1,171,311 (2000)
District (Kumasi Metropolitan Area)
2,599,000 2,750,000 Downtown Kumasi, Ghana.jpg
23 Algiers  Algeria 2,947,461 (2008)
Wilaya
2,594,000 3,725,000 Alger View Oct-2010 IMG 1039.JPG
24 Bamako  Mali 1,215,335 (2005)
District
2,515,000 3,050,000 Bamako et fleuve Niger.jpg
25 Abuja  Nigeria 1,405,201 (2006)
Federal Capital Territory
2,440,000 2,950,000 Abuja gate.jpg
26 Port Harcourt  Nigeria 541,116 (2006)
Local government area
2,343,000 2,125,000 PortHacourt1.jpg
27 Accra  Ghana 1,659,136 (2000)
District (Accra Metropolitan Area)
2,277,000 4,700,000 Accra panorama.jpg
28 Lusaka  Zambia 1,742,979 2,179,000 2,375,000 Lusaka.jpg
29 Mogadishu  Somalia 2,855,800 (2011) 2,138,000 1,770,000 Isbaheysiga Mosque in Mogadishu (2).jpg
30 Pretoria  South Africa 2,345,908 (2007)
Metropolitan municipality
2,059,000 see Greater Johannesburg Pretoria CBD1.jpg
31 Lubumbashi  Democratic Republic of the Congo 2,015,000 1,930,000 Downtown Lubumbashi, Democratic Republic of the Congo - 20061130.jpg
32 Mbuji-Mayi  Democratic Republic of the Congo 2,007,000 1,910,000 Kongo C3.jpg
33 Tunis  Tunisia 911,643 (2005)
Municipality
1,993,000 2,525,000 Panoramique Avenue Mohamed V, centre de Tunis.jpg
34 Rabat  Morocco 627,932 (2004)
Préfecture
1,967,000 1,890,000 Kasbah des Oudaias P1060356.JPG
35 Conakry  Guinea 1,092,936 (1996)
Région
1,936,000 2,300,000 Conakry.jpg
36 Kampala  Uganda 1,337,900 (2005)
District
1,936,000 3,125,000 Uganda-Development.JPG
38 Harare  Zimbabwe 1,903,510 (2002)
Province
1,501,000 2,350,000 Harare Skyline.jpg
39 Benin City  Nigeria 1,496,000 1,520,000 Areal view of the ancient city of Benin..jpg
40 Huambo  Angola 1,269,000 Not listed Buildings at Rua Cinco, Huambo, Angola.jpg
41 Monrovia  Liberia 1,010,970 (2008)
Municipality
1,264,000 1,380,000 Downtown Monrovia 3348917715 67a2002529.jpg
42 Ndjamena  Chad 1,260,000 1,250,000 Chad,N'djamena2.JPG
43 Kigali  Rwanda 1,257,000 1,040,000 Downtown Kigali and papyrus marsh October 2012.JPG
44 Maputo  Mozambique 1,099,102 (2007)
Province-level city
1,187,000 2,250,000 2010-10-18 10-56-01 Mozambique Maputo Aeroporto ”B”.jpg
45 Port Elizabeth  South Africa 1,050,930 (2007)
Metropolitan municipality (Nelson Mandela Bay)
1,179,000 1,270,000 Nelson Mandela Stadium in Port Elizabeth.jpg
46 Fès  Morocco 977,946 (2004)
Préfecture
1,172,000 1,220,000 Fes City Modern.jpg
47 Kananga  Democratic Republic of the Congo 1,169,000 not listed Aerial photograph of Kananga.jpg
48 Vereeniging  South Africa 800,819 (2007)
District municipality
1,155,000 see Greater Johannesburg Lethabo Powerstation 01.jpg
49 Marrakech  Morocco 1,134,000 1,080,000 Marrakech montage2.png
50 Tripoli  Libya 1,126,000 (2006)
Mutsarfiyah
1,126,000 1,140,000 Tripoli Central Business District from Oea Park.JPG
51 Onitsha  Nigeria 1,109,000 1,100,000 Onitsha Landscape.jpg
52 Mombasa  Kenya 1,104,000 1,150,000 Mombasa montage.png
53 Niamey  Niger 2,100,000 (2013)
Province
1,090,000 2,111,000 Niamey night.jpg
54 Kaduna  Nigeria 760,084 (2006)
2 local government areas of Kaduna
1,048,000 1,730,000 Kaduna River, Kaduna (Nigeria), 2007.JPG
55 Kisangani  Democratic Republic of the Congo 1,040,000 not listed Kisangani water front.jpg
56 Freetown  Sierra Leone 947,122 (2004)
Western Area province
1,007,000 1,590,000 Freetown.jpg

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Latest figures from national census authority
  2. ^ United Nations, World Urbanization Prospects (2014 revision)
  3. ^ Thomas Brinkoff, The Principal Agglomerations of the World
  4. ^ "The largest cities in the world by land area, population and density". City Mayors. 6 January 2007. Retrieved 16 March 2015. 
  5. ^ http://www.statistiques-mondiales.com/congo_kinshasa.htm
  6. ^ incl. Kinshasa (11,587,000) and Brazzaville (1,888,000)
  7. ^ incl. Kinshasa (10,900,000) and Brazzaville (1,950,000)
  8. ^ incl. East Rand, Evaton, Pretoria, Soshanguve, Soweto, Vereeniging, West Rand

External links[edit]