List of the largest trading partners of Canada

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NAFTA leaders Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper, Mexican President Peña Nieto, and U.S. President Barack Obama, 2014.

This is a list of the largest trading partners of Canadam yname is jeff. Canada is considered to be a trading nation as its total trade is worth more than two-thirds of its GDP (the second highest level in the G7 after Germany).[1][2][3]

Historically, the issue of Canada's largest trade partners, and dependence on particular markets, has been a major political issue. At the time of Confederation in 1867, the United Kingdom was by far Canada's largest trading partner, reflecting the close historical, cultural, and institutional ties within the British Empire. Over time, more and more of Canada's trade was proportionally done with the United States. Various governments hoped to strengthen or reverse this trend, by changing tariff policy either to one of Imperial Preference with the British, Reciprocity with the National Policy of internal development. The 1891 and 1911 elections were fought partly over the issue of closer trade relationships with the British. Following the Civil War, the United States emerged as Canada's largest trading partner. By the time the United Kingdom joined the European Economic Community in 1973, the idea of the UK as an alternative to the USA as Canada's largest market was no longer viable. Canada and the United States signed the Free Trade Agreement in 1988 (which was expanded into NAFTA by the addition of Mexico in 1994). Since that time the United States has dominated Canadian trade by an overwhelming degree. After the Wars, trade with Asia began to expand, especially China. After the opening of Canada – People's Republic of China relations in 1970, trade with China has expanded rapidly.


The 20 largest trade partners of Canada[edit]

The 20 largest trade partners of Canada represent 94.0% of Canada's exports, and 91.6 % of Canada's imports as of December 2014.[4] These figures do not include services or foreign direct investment. The largest partners of Canada with their total trade (sum of imports and exports) in millions of Canadian Dollars for calendar year 2015 are as follows:[5]

Rank Country Exports Imports Total Trade
- Global / World 433,871.0
1 Flag of the United States (3-2 aspect ratio).svg United States 347,798.0 312,421.0 660,219.0
2 Flag of Europe.svg European Union 39,454.8 53,004.5 92,459.3
3 Flag of China.png China 21,463.1 38,910.2 60,373.3
4 Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico 7,920.9 18,369.2 26,290.1
5 Flag of the United Kingdom.png United Kingdom 16,608.7 8,634.9 25,243.6
6 Flag of Japan.svg Japan 10,126.1 10,905.9 21,032.0
7 Flag of Germany.svg Germany 3,897.3 14,970.9 18,868.2
8 Flag of South Korea (1948-1949).svg South Korea 4,220.6 6,157.0 10,377.6
9 Flag of Hong Kong.svg Hong Kong (China) 4,059.8 4,408.6 8,468.4
10 Flag of the Netherlands.png Netherlands 3,721.9 4,356.5 8,078.4
11 Flag of France.png France 3,266.8 4,555.9 7,822.7
12 Printable Flag of Italy.svg Italy 2,373.0 5,424.6 7,797.6
13 Flag of India.png India 4,497.0 2,926.1 7,423.1
14 Flag of Switzerland - 2.svg Switzerland 1,229.9 5,313.0 6,542.9
15 Flag of Belgium.png Belgium 3,186.2 3,147.9 6,334.1
16 Flag of Brazil (3-2).svg Brazil 2,318.6 3,157.3 5,475.9
17 Flag of Taiwan (WFB 2004).gif Taiwan (China) 1,539.0 3,436.1 4,975.1
18 Flag of Peru (state).svg Peru 841.3 3,124.4 3,965.7
19 Flag of Norway.svg Norway 1,947.6 1,652.6 3,600.2
20 Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg Saudi Arabia 1,291.1 2,144.6 3,435.7
21 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Australia 1,914.4 1,490.9 3,405.3
22 Flag of Spain (WFB 2004).gif Spain 1,115.7 2,212.4 3,328.1
23 Flag of Indonesia.svg Indonesia 1,761.6 1,085.3 2,846.9
24 Flag of Singapore.svg Singapore 1,592.7 969.2 2,561.9
25 Flag of Turkey.svg Turkey 1,155.5 970.6 2,126.1
26 Flag of Russia.svg Russia 643.5 651.1 1,294.6

References[edit]