List of the last monarchs in Europe

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This is a list of last monarchs of Europe.

Nation / territory Picture Name Birth Ruled from Rule Ceased Reason Death Arms
Albania Albania Vitorioemanuel.jpg Victor Emmanuel III
King of Albania
11 November 1869 16 April 1939 3 September 1943 Armistice of Cassibile 28 December 1947 Royal Coat of arms of Albania (1939–1943).svg
Albania Albania Ahmet-Zogu-1895---1961.jpg Zog I, Skanderbeg III
King of the Albanians
8 October 1895 1 September 1928 7 April 1939 Deposed 9 April 1961 Coat of arms of the Albanian Kingdom (1928–1939).svg
Austria-Hungary Austria Charles I of Austria.jpg Charles I
Emperor of Austria
17 August 1887 21 November 1916 12 November 1918 Parliament passed the Habsburg Law 1 April 1922 Wappen Österreichische Länder 1915 (Mittel).png
Bulgaria Bulgaria Simeon II of Bulgaria.jpg Simeon II
Tsar of Bulgaria
16 June 1937 28 August 1943 15 September 1946 Republican constitution adopted
(Referendum)
living Coat of arms of Bulgaria (1927-1946).svg
Independent State of Croatia Croatia Prince Aimone of Savoy - restored.jpg Tomislav II
King of Croatia
9 March 1900 18 May 1941 31 July 1943 Abdicated 29 January 1948 Coat of arms of the Independent State of Croatia.svg
Russia Finland Nicholas II of Russia painted by Earnest Lipgart.jpg Nicholas II
Grand Prince of Finland
18 May 1868 1 November 1894 15 March 1917 Abdicated 17 July 1918 Coat of Arms of Grand Duchy of Finland-holding sabre.svg
France France Alexandre Cabanel 002.jpg Napoleon III
Emperor of the French
20 April 1808 2 December 1852 4 September 1870 Abdicated 9 January 1873 Coat of Arms Second French Empire (1852–1870)-2.svg
German Empire Germany Wilhelm II of Germany.jpg William II
Emperor of Germany
27 January 1859 15 June 1888 28 November 1918 Abdicated 9 June 1941 Wappen Deutsches Reich - Reichsadler 1889.svg
Kingdom of Greece Greece King Constantine.jpg Constantine II
King of the Hellenes
2 June 1940 6 March 1964 1 June 1973 Deposed living Royal Coat of Arms of Greece.svg
Austria-Hungary Hungary Charles I of Austria.jpg Charles IV
King of Hungary
17 August 1887 21 November 1916 16 November 1918 Abdicated 1 April 1922 Coa Hungary Country History med (1915).svg
Iceland Iceland King Christian X of Denmark.jpg Christian X
King of Iceland
26 September 1870 14 May 1912 17 June 1944 Republican constitution adopted
(Referendum)
20 April 1947 Kingdom of Iceland Coat of Arms.svg
Republic of Ireland Ireland The Duke of Windsor (1945).jpg Edward VIII
King of Great Britain, Ireland and the British Dominions beyond the Seas
23 June 1894 20 January 1936 11 December 1936 Constitutional amendment 28 May 1972 Seal of the Irish Free State.png
Italy Italy Umberto II, 1944.jpg Umberto II
King of Italy
15 September 1904 9 May 1946 18 June 1946 Republican constitution adopted
(Referendum)
18 March 1983 Coat of arms of the Kingdom of Italy (1890).svg
Malta Malta Elizabeth II greets NASA GSFC employees, May 8, 2007 edit.jpg Elizabeth II
Queen of Malta
21 April 1926 6 February 1952 13 December 1974 Republican constitution adopted living Coat of arms of Malta 1964-1975.svg
Kingdom of Montenegro Montenegro King Nikola of Montenegro.jpg Nicholas I
King of Montenegro
7 October 1841 28 August 1910 26 November 1918 Monarchy abolished by the Podgorica Assembly 1 March 1921 Coat of arms of the Kingdom of Montenegro.svg
Portugal Portugal SMF Manoel II.jpg Manuel II
King of Portugal and the Algarves
15 November 1889 1 February 1908 5 October 1910 Abdicated 2 July 1932 Coat of arms of the Kingdom of Portugal (Enciclopedie Diderot).svg
Ottoman Empire Turkey Sébah & Joaillier - Sultan Mehmed VI.jpg Mehmed VI
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
14 January 1861 3 July 1918 1 November 1922 Monarchy abolished by the Grand National Assembly 16 May 1926 Osmanli-nisani.svg
Romania Romania Mihai.jpg Michael I
King of the Romanians
25 October 1921 6 September 1940 30 December 1947 Monarchy abolished by the Communist government living Kingdom of Romania - Big CoA.svg
Russia Russia Nicholas II of Russia painted by Earnest Lipgart.jpg Nicholas II
Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias
18 May 1868 1 November 1894 15 March 1917 Abdicated 17 July 1918 Lesser Coat of Arms of Russian Empire.svg
Kingdom of Serbia Serbia Peter I of Serbia (Rotary Photo 7119 A).jpg Peter I
King of Serbia
11 July 1844 15 June 1903 1 December 1918 merged with Montenegro 16 August 1921 Royal Coat of arms of Serbia (1882–1918).svg
Kingdom of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia PedroIIDeYugoslavia8e00867v.jpg Petar II
King of Yugoslavia
6 September 1923 9 October 1934 29 November 1945 Deposed 3 November 1970 Coat of arms of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.svg

See also[edit]

References[edit]