List of most common surnames in Europe

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This is a list of the most common surnames in Europe, sorted by country.

Albania[edit]

At the moment, listings for the most common names are unavailable for Albania. However the most common names include the following:

  • Common names denoting profession. Of these, religious professional names have been particularly widespread, including Hoxha (a Muslim priest, Sunni or Bektashi, with its variant Hoxhaj), Prifti (a Christian priest, Catholic or Orthodox), Shehu (a Bektashi priest) and Dervishi (Bektashi clergy). Bektashi itself is also a common surname. Ironically, Hoxha was the surname of Enver Hoxha, the leader of Communist Albania who banned all religions. There are numerous other professional names which are not as common. Begu also denotes a former ruler and also the surname(s) Gjoni or Gjonaj
  • Common names which originated as patrinomials. Common names of this sort include Leka or Lekaj (Alex), Gjoni or Gjonaj (John), Murati (Murad), Mehmeti (Mehmed), Hysi (typically short for Hussein), Gjika/Gjoka (short for Jacob, cf Jake), Marku (Mark), Kola/Kolla/Nikolla (Nicholas), Hasani (Hassan), Kristi/Kristo, Luka (Lucas), Brahimi (Abraham, from Turkish), Sinani, Thanasi (Athanasius), Halili (Halil), and Abazi (Abbas). Albanians of Muslim background often bear Christian last names (denoting former Christian origin), and those with Christian often bear Muslim last names (which many in Northern regions adopted thinking it would lead to better treatment from the Ottoman authorities), although the holders of Bektashi surnames are usually actually of Bektashi background
  • Common names which originated as place names. May denote former residence, or, if the bearer has a Muslim patrilineal background, that their ancestors ruled the place. Common places used as surnames include Dibra, Laci, Shkodra, Prishtina, Delvina, Koroveshi and Permeti, as well as the famous Frasheri surname of the Frasheri family. Additionally common some names indicate regional origins: Gega/Gegaj (for one of Gheg origin), Tosku/Toskaj (signifying Tosk origin) and Chami (for Cham origin).
  • Some common names are Northern Albanian clan names that double as place names such as Kelmendi and Shkreli. Other notable clan-origin names include Berisha, Krasniqi and Gashi. These sorts of names are very common in far Northern Albania and in Kosovo.
  • Colors: of which Kuqi (red) and Bardhi (white) are the most commonly used as surnames.
Rank Surname Note
* Hoxha a Muslim priest, Sunni or Bektashi, with its variant Hoxhaj
* Prifti a Christian priest, Catholic or Orthodox
* Shehu a Bektashi priest
* Dervishi Bektashi clergy
* Bektashi
* Begu
* Gjoni or Gjonaj
* Leka or Lekaj Alex
* Gjoni or Gjonaj John
* Murati Murad
* Mehmeti Mehmed
* Hysi short for Hussein
* Gjika/Gjoka short for Jacob, cf Jake
* Marku Mark
* Kola/Kolla/Nikolla Nicholas
* Hasani Hassan
* Kristi/Kristo
* Luka Lucas
* Brahimi Abraham, from Turkish
* Sinani
* Thanasi Athanasius
* Halili Halil
* Abazi Abbas
* Dibra
* Laci
* Shkodra
* Prishtina
* Delvina
* Koroveshi
* Permeti
* Frasheri
* Gega/Gegaj of Gheg origin
* Tosku/Toskaj signifying Tosk origin
* Chami Cham origin
* Kelmendi
* Shkreli
* Berisha
* Krasniqi
* Gashi
* Kuqi red
* Bardhi white

Armenia[edit]

Rank Surname Romanization Meaning
1 Հովհաննիսյան Hovhannisyan son of Hovhannes (John)
2 Հարությունյան Harutyunyan son of Harutyun (resurrection)
3 Սարգսյան Sargsyan son of Sargis (Sergius)
4 Խաչատրյան Khachatryan son of Khachatur (given by cross)
5 Գրիգորյան Grigoryan son of Grigor (Gregory)

Austria[edit]

The forty-one most common surnames in Austria as published in 2006 are shown below beside the approximate percentage of the Austrian population sharing each surname.[1]

Rank Surname Meaning Approximate percentage
1 Gruber miner 0.3991
2 Huber land-owning farmer 0.3873
3 Bauer farmer 0.3373
4 Wagner wainwright 0.3100
5 Müller miller 0.3012
6 Pichler 'one who lives on or by a hill' 0.2753
7 Steiner 'one who dwells by the stone' 0.2713
8 Moser 'moss person' 0.2674
9 Mayer a privileged farmer 0.2653
10 Hofer probably for steward, property or horse maintenance, even blacksmith or related 0.2479
11 Leitner 'one who lives at a hillside' 0.2429
12 Berger mountaineer 0.2383
13 Fuchs fox 0.2250
14 Eder 'one who lives in a barren land 0.2144
15 Fischer fisher 0.2141
16 Schmid blacksmith 0.2115
17 Winkler an owner of a small shop 0.2015
18 Weber weaver 0.1995
19 Schwarz black 0.1961
20 Maier farmer 0.1946
21 Schneider tailor 0.1915
22 Reiter rider (only horses, no bikes) 0.1790
23 Mayr farmer 0.1751
24 Schmidt blacksmith 0.1740
25 Wimmer vintner 0.1628
26 Egger ploughman 0.1610
27 Brunner 'water well person' 0.1602
28 Lang long 0.1599
29 Baumgartner 'tree gardener' 0.1586
30 Auer 0.1555
31 Binder cooper 0.1458
32 Lechner 0.1435
33 Wolf wolf 0.1395
34 Wallner 0.1394
35 Aigner allodial title 0.1386
36 Ebner 0.1342
37 Koller 0.1301
38 Lehner a function in feudalism 0.1268
39 Haas 0.1261
40 Schuster shoemaker 0.1168
41 Heilig holy 0.1161

Azerbaijan[edit]

Rank[2] Surname Romanization Meaning
1 Məmmədov Mammadov son of Mammad
2 Əliyev Aliyev son of Ali
3 Hüseynov Huseynov son of Hüseyn
4 Həsənov Hasanov son of Hasan
5 Quliyev Guliyev son of Qulu
6 İsmayılov Ismayilov son of Ismayil
7 Əhmədov Ahmadov son of Ahmad
8 Abdullayev Abdullayev son of Abdulla
9 Abbasov Abbasov son of Abbas
10 Cəfərov Jafarov son of Jafar

Belarus[edit]

Statistics available for Belarusian capital Minsk only:[3]

Rank Surname in Russian Surname in Belarusian Romanization Population
1 Иванов Іваноў Ivanoŭ 7,000
2 Козлов Казлоў Kazloŭ 4,700
3 Ковалёв Кавалёў Kavalioŭ 4,300
4 Козловский Казлоўскі Kazloŭski 3,900
5 Новик Новік Novik 3,300

Belgium[edit]

Belgium is a European nation composed of three main regions: Flemish Region (Flanders), Walloon Region (Wallonia), and Brussels-Capital Region. The Flemish region has a Dutch language tradition, while the Walloon region has a French language tradition. These different linguistic backgrounds are reflected in differing frequencies of surnames, as shown in the table below. (data from 1 January 2008; total population: 10,666,866)[4][5]

National Rank Surname Number of people Rank (Flanders) Rank (Wallonia) Rank (Brussels)
1 Peeters 32,657 1 67 2
2 Janssens 30,296 2 56 1
3 Maes 25,524 3 63 8
4 Jacobs 19,999 4 97 4
5 Mertens 18,518 6 72 5
6 Willems 18,498 5 68 17
7 Claes 16,553 7 43
8 Goossens 15,883 9 15
9 Wouters 15,732 8 35
10 De Smet 14,259 10 25
13 Dubois 12,975 1 3
17 Lambert 11,802 2 11
21 Dupont 10,369 4 12
31 Martin 9,008 3 10
37 Simon 7,774 5 13

Bosnia and Herzegovina[edit]

Bosniaks[edit]

Rank Surname Meaning
1 Hodžić Imam
2 Hadžić Hajji
3 Čengić Turkish for Genghis
4 Delić
5 Demirović son of Demir
6 Kovačević son of the blacksmith
7 Tahirović son of Tahir
8 Ferhatović son of Ferhat
9 Muratović son of Murat
10 Ibrahimović son of Ibrahim
11 Hasanović son of Hasan
12 Mehmedović son of Mehmed
13 Salihović son of Salih
14 Terzić tailor
15 Ademović son of Adem
16 Adilović son of Adil
17 Delemović
18 Zukić
19 Krličević
20 Suljić son of Salomon/Suliman
21 Ahmetović Son of Ahmad

Serbs[edit]

The following names are the most common names for Serbs from Bosnia and Herzegovina.[6]

Rank Surname Meaning
1 Kovačević son of the blacksmith
2 Subotić Saturday
3 Savić son of Sava
4 Popović son of the priest
5 Jovanović son of Jovan
6 Petrović son of Petar
7 Đurić son of Đura
8 Babić grandmother, old woman
9 Lukić son of Luka
10 Knežević son of the prince
11 Marković son of Marko
12 Ilić son of Ilija
13 Đukić son of Đuka
14 Vuković son of Vuk
15 Vujić son of Vujo
16 Simić son of Simo
17 Radić son of Rade
18 Nikolić son of Nikola
19 Marić son of Mara
20 Mitrović son of Mitar
21 Tomić son of Toma/Tomo
22 Božić son of Božo
23 Golubović dove'/'pigeon
24 Mirković son of Mirko

Bulgaria[edit]

Feminized names included (m. Dimitrov – f. Dimitrova). Figures are from 2018 and provided by the Bulgarian National Statistics Institute.[7]

Statistic of the Bulgarian surnames
Rank Surname Transliteration Number of males Number of females
1 Иванов/Иванова Ivanov/Ivanova 136,125 141,183
2 Георгиев/Георгиева Georgiev/Georgieva 105,209 108,302
3 Димитров/Димитрова Dimitrov/Dimitrova 101,020 104,754
4 Петров/Петрова Petrov/Petrova 67,804 71,082
5 Николов/Николова Nikolov/Nikolova 58,189 61,339
6 Христов/Христова Hristov/Hristova 53,818 57,034
7 Стоянов/Стоянова Stoyanov/Stoyanova 53,088 56,387
8 Тодоров/Тодорова Todorov/Todorova 52,139 54,275
9 Илиев/Илиева Iliev/Ilieva 44,732 46,343
10 Ангелов/Ангелова Angelov/Angelova 43,985 45,629

Croatia[edit]

Rank[8][9][10] Frequency Surname Surname derivation[11]
1 21,618 Horvat ethnic name for a Croat
2 15,160 Kovačević patronymic, from kovač "blacksmith"
3 12,840 Babić matronymic, or nickname, from baba "(old) woman", "grandmother"
4 11,555 Marić 1. matronymic, from Mara – short variant of Marija "Mary"; 2. patronymic, from Maro – short variant of Marije "Marius" or Marijan "Marianus"
5 11,163 Jurić patronymic, from Jure or Juro – regional variants of Juraj "George"
6 10,794 Novak 1. a newcomer, from novy "new"; 2. topographic name, for peasant who settled on newly cleared land
7 10,546 Kovačić patronymic, from kovač "blacksmith"
8 10,334 Knežević from knez "prince" or "duke"
9 10,191 Vuković patronymic, from Vuk – ancient Slavic name meaning "wolf"
10 9,854 Marković patronymic, from Marko "Marcus"
11 9,614 Petrović patronymic, from Petar and Peter
12 9,960 Matić patronymic, from Matija "Matthias" or Matej "Matthew"; or possibly from their short variants Mate or Mato
13 9,464 Tomić patronymic, from Tomo or Toma "Thomas"
14 8,601 Pavlović patronymic, from Pavao, Pavle, and Pavel "Paul"
15 8,542 Kovač occupational name, from kovač "blacksmith"
16 8,258 Božić patronymic, from Božo (from bozhy meaning of God)
17 8,152 Blažević patronymic, from Blaž lat. Blasius "Blaise"
18 8,010 Grgić patronymic, from Grga or Grgo – short variants of Grgur "Gregory"
19 7,538 Pavić patronymic, from Pavo – short or regional variant of Pavao "Paul"
20 7,406 Radić patronymic, from Rade (Slavic name meaning happy)
21 7,351 Perić patronymic, from Pero (Peter)
22 7,321 Filipović patronymic, from Filip
23 7,184 Šarić
24 7,131 Lovrić patronymic, from Lovro (Lawrence)
25 6,986 Vidović patronymic, from Vid (Vitus)
26 6,903 Perković patronymic, from Perko (Peter)
27 6,797 Popović patronymic, from Pop (priest)
28 6,760 Bošnjak ethnic name for a Bosniak
29 6,653 Jukić patronymic, from Juko or Juka – regional variants of Juraj "George"
30 6,417 Barišić patronymic, from Bariša – short or regional variant of Bartol, Bartul, Bartolomej "Bartholomew"

Czech Republic[edit]

Feminized names are included (m. Novák/f. Nováková). Figures are from 2009 and provided by Czech Ministry of the Interior.

Statistic of the Czech Republic surnames[12][13][14]
Rank Surname Meaning Number of males Number of females
1 Novák/Nováková new man/woman 34,168 35,558
2 Svoboda/Svobodová freeholder 25,292 26,569
3 Novotný/Novotná newman 24,320 25,328
4 Dvořák/Dvořáková grange owner 22,299 23,445
5 Černý/Černá black man/woman 17,813 18,504
6 Procházka/Procházková walker 16,074 16,817
7 Kučera/Kučerová curly man/woman 15,187 15,689
8 Veselý/Veselá cheerful, merry man/woman 12,882 13,494
9 Horák/Horáková highlander 12,165 12,796
10 Němec/Němcová German 11,192 11,563

Denmark[edit]

Nineteen of the twenty most common Danish surnames as of 1 January 2016 are patronymic ending in Norse -sen ("son of"), the only exception being Møller (Miller).[15]

Rank Surname #
1 Nielsen 255,138
2 Jensen 254,675
3 Hansen 213,339
4 Pedersen 161,074
5 Andersen 157,753
6 Christensen 118,117
7 Larsen 114,711
8 Sørensen 109,746
9 Rasmussen 93,723
10 Jørgensen 87,466
11 Petersen 78,329
12 Madsen 63,723
13 Kristensen 60,116
14 Olsen 47,579
15 Thomsen 39,117
16 Christiansen 36,656
17 Poulsen 31,874
18 Johansen 31,001
19 Møller 30,059
20 Mortensen 29,258

Estonia[edit]

Data from 2008.[16]

Names of Estonian origin:

Rank # Surname Meaning
1 5,241 Tamm oak
2 4,352 Saar island/ash (tree)
3 3,624 Sepp smith
4 3,613 Mägi hill, mountain
5 2,847 Kask birch
6 2,728 Kukk rooster
7 2,265 Rebane fox
8 2,165 Ilves lynx
9 1,933 Pärn linden tree
10 1,882 Koppel paddock

Names of Russian origin:

Rank # Surname
1 6,789 Ivanov
2 3,402 Smirnov
3 3,153 Vassiljev
4 2,932 Petrov
5 2,339 Kuznetsov
6 1,968 Mihhailov
7 1,927 Pavlov
8 1,909 Semjonov
9 1,862 Andrejev
10 1,845 Aleksejev

Faroe Islands[edit]

The 20 most common surnames in the Faroe Islands as published in 2017 are shown below beside the number of people of the Faroese population sharing each surname.[17]

Rank Surname Number of individuals
1 Joensen 2,372
2 Hansen 2,181
3 Jacobsen 2,051
4 Olsen 1,670
5 Petersen 1,298
6 Poulsen 1,257
7 Johannesen 973
8 Thomsen 719
9 Nielsen 647
10 Rasmussen 539
11 Djurhuus 537
12 Johansen 535
13 Simonsen 526
14 Danielsen 524
15 Jensen 492
16 Mortensen 471
17 Højgaard 462
18 Mikkelsen 432
19 Sørensen 420
20 Dam 418

Finland[edit]

Rank Surname Meaning Population Percentage[18]
1 Korhonen Uncertain meaning; see article 23,312 0.425
2 Virtanen virta = stream 23,020 0.420
3 Mäkinen mäki = hill 21,014 0.383
4 Nieminen niemi = cape 20,969 0.382
5 Mäkelä hill place 19,538 0.356
6 Hämäläinen Tavastian, comes from Tavastia 19,129 0.349
7 Laine wave 18,752 0.342
8 Heikkinen first name Heikki, "Henry", "Henrik" 17,926 0.327
9 Koskinen koski = rapids 17,737 0.324
10 Järvinen järvi = lake 16,802 0.306
11 Lehtonen lehto = grove 16,649 0.304
12 Lehtinen lehti = leaf 15,602 0.285
13 Saarinen saari = island 15,295 0.279
14 Salminen salmi = strait 15,087 0.275
15 Heinonen heinä = hay 14,957 0.273
16 Niemi cape 14,951 0.273
17 Heikkilä first name Heikki, "Henry", "Henrik" 14,558 0.266
18 Kinnunen from Swedish word skinnare = skinner 14,319 0.261
19 Salonen salo = backwoods 14,270 0.260
20 Turunen turku = market, selling place, nowadays only the name of a city (Turku) 13,802 0.252
21 Salo backwoods 13,487 0.246
22 Laitinen laita = side, margin 13,085 0.239
23 Tuominen tuomi = bird cherry 12,852 0.234
24 Rantanen ranta = shore, beach 12,834 0.234
25 Karjalainen Karelian, comes from Karelia 12,830 0.234
26 Jokinen joki = river 12,514 0.228
27 Mattila first name Matti, "Matt", "Mathew", -la = place 12,330 0.225
28 Savolainen Savonian, comes from Savonia 11,592 0.211
29 Lahtinen lahti = bay 11,470 0.209
30 Ahonen aho = meadow 11,238 0.205

Most of the names on this list are typical examples of surnames that were adopted when modern surnames were introduced in the late 19th and early 20th centuries In the romantic spirit, they refer to natural features: virta "river", koski "rapids", mäki "hill", järvi "lake", saari "island" — often with the suffix -nen added after the model of older, mainly eastern Finnish surnames such as Korhonen and Heikkinen. "Hämäläinen" literally means an inhabitant of Häme. The suffix -nen is an adjective ending.

Most common Swedish surnames in Finland[edit]

Rank Surname Population Percentage[18]
1 Johansson 8,679 0.158
2 Nyman 7,552 0.138
3 Lindholm 7,382 0.135
4 Karlsson 7,096 0.129
5 Andersson 6,403 0.117

France[edit]

Rank[19] # Surname Meaning
1 235,846 Martin son of Martin
2 105,132 Bernard son of Bernard
3 95,998 Dubois woods dweller
4 95,387 Thomas son of Thomas
5 91,393 Robert son of Robert
6 90,689 Richard son of Richard
7 88,318 Petit short
8 84,252 Durand reckless
9 78,868 Leroy king-like mannered
10 78,177 Moreau dark complexion
11 76,655 Simon son of Simon
12 75,307 Laurent son of Laurent
13 74,564 Lefebvre smith
14 74,318 Michel son of Michel
15 68,720 Garcia son of García
16 61,762 David son of David
17 59,817 Bertrand son of Bertrand
18 59,440 Roux redhead
19 57,351 Vincent son of Vincent
20 57,047 Fournier baker
21 56,760 Morel dark complexion
22 55,642 Girard son of Gérard
23 55,228 André son of André
24 53,670 Lefèvre smith
25 53,622 Mercier textile trader
26 53,405 Dupont bridge dweller
27 51,543 Lambert son of Lambert
28 50,999 Bonnet good-mannered
29 50,612 François son of François
30 49,762 Martinez son of Martín

Georgia[edit]

Rank Surname Romanization Total Number[20]
(2018)
1 ბერიძე Beridze 29,173
2 მამედოვი Mamedovi 28,358
3 ალიევი Alievi 19,327
4 კაპანაძე Kapanadze 19,257
5 გელაშვილი Gelashvili 18,310
6 მაისურაძე Maisuradze 16,198
7 გიორგაძე Giorgadze 14,162
8 ლომიძე Lomidze 13,062
9 წიკლაური Tsiklauri 13,019
10 ბოლქვაძე Bolkvadze 12,824

Germany[edit]

Rank Surname Meaning Percentage[21]
1 Müller miller 0.95[22]
2 Schmidt smith 0.69[23]
3 Schneider tailor 0.40
4 Fischer fisher 0.35
5 Meyer farmer, originally estate administrator (lit. "mayor") 0.33[24]
6 Weber weaver 0.30
7 Schulz constable or mayor 0.27
8 Wagner wainwright, worn-down form of 'wagoner', one who makes wagons/wheels 0.27
9 Becker baker 0.27
10 Hoffmann 'man of the court' 0.26

Greece[edit]

The majority of Greek names are patronymic. There are also several names derived from professions (Samaras, Σαμαράς = saddle maker, Papoutsis, Παπουτσής = shoe maker), area of (former) residence (Kritikos, Κρητικός = from Crete, Aivaliotis, Αϊβαλιώτης= from Ayvalik), nicknames relating to physical or other characteristics (Kontos, Κοντός = short, Mytaras, Μυταράς = large-nosed, Koufos, Κουφός = deaf) and more.

The patronymic suffix varies between dialects; thus Giannidis, Giannakos, Giannatos, Giannopoulos, Giannelis, Giannioglou all mean "son of Giannis."[25]

Rank Surname Transliteration Meaning
* Σαμαράς Samaras saddle maker
* Παπουτσής Papoutsis shoe maker
* Κρητικός Kritikos from Crete
* Αϊβαλιώτης Aivaliotis from Ayvalik
* Κοντός Kontos short
* Μυταράς Mytaras large-nosed
* Κουφός Koufos deaf
* Giannidis, Giannakos, Giannatos, Giannopoulos, Giannelis, Giannioglou son of Giannis[26]

Hungary[edit]

2,095,788 individuals (21% of the population) bear the most common 20 names, and 3,347,493 individuals (33.5%) bearing the top 100 names. [27][28]

Rank # % Surname Meaning
1 235,400 2.4 Nagy Big
2 228,210 2.3 Horváth Croat
3 217,359 2.2 Kovács Smith (occupational name)
4 209,549 2.1 Szabó Tailor (occupational name)
5 206,954 2.1 Tóth Slavic (non-Orthodox)
6 137,847 1.4 Varga Leatherworker (occupational name)
7 131,435 1.3 Kiss Small
8 106,942 1.1 Molnár Miller (occupational name)
9 91,878 0.9 Németh German/Germanic
10 83,188 0.8 Farkas Wolf
11 80,575 0.8 Balogh Left-handed
12 52,766 0.5 Papp Priest (occupational name)
13 52,131 0.5 Takács Weaver (occupational name)
14 51,224 0.5 Juhász Shepherd (occupational name)
15 47,151 0.5 Lakatos Locksmith (occupational name)
16 40,079 0.4 Mészáros Butcher (occupational name)
17 38,330 0.4 Oláh Vlach/Romanian
18 37,960 0.4 Simon Simon
19 35,008 0.4 Rácz Serb, South Slavic
20 34,496 0.3 Fekete Black(-haired)

Iceland[edit]

While the vast majority of Icelanders do not use regular surnames but rather patronyms or matronyms, around 14% of Icelanders have proper surnames. See also Icelandic names.


The 20 most common surnames in the Iceland as published in 2017 are shown below beside the number of people of the Icelandic population sharing each surname.[29]

Rank Surname Number of individuals
1 Blöndal 324
2 Thorarensen 293
3 Hansen 282
4 Olsen 224
5 Andersen 206
Petersen
7 Möller 198
8 Nielsen 180
9 Waage 171
10 Bergmann 158
11 Briem 156
12 Thorlacius 155
13 Jensen 146
14 Hjaltalín 137
15 Scheving 135
16 Petersen 126
17 Kvaran 123
Fjeldsted
19 Norðdahl 113
20 Berndsen 105

Ireland[edit]

The prevalence of some of these names is the result of more than one distinct Irish language names being represented by the same anglicised version.

# Surname Modern Irish Original Irish Meaning
1 Murphy Ó Murchú Ó Murchadha
Mac Murchaidh
Descendant of Murchadh (a personal name meaning "Sea hound/warrior")
2 (O')Kelly Ó Ceallaigh Descendant of Ceallach ("strife")
3 (O')Sullivan Ó Súilleabháin Descendant of Súilleabhán ("dark-eyed one", "one-eyed" or "hawk-eyed")
4 Walsh Breathnach Breatnach "Breton", "Welshman"
5 Smith Mac Gabhann Son of a smith
6 O'Brien Ó Briain Descendant of Brian
7 (O')Byrne Ó Broin Descendant of Bran
8 (O')Ryan Ó Riain Ó Riain
Ó Maoilriain
Ó Ruaidhín
Descendant of Rian (possibly meaning "king")
Descendant of Maoilriaghan ("bald king")
Descendant of Ruaidhín ("little red-haired one")
9 O'Connor Ó Conchúir Ó Conchobhair Descendant of Conchobhar ("hound/chief assistance")
10 O'Neill Ó Néill Descendant of Niall (possibly meaning "cloud", "passionate" or "champion")
11 (O')Reilly Ó Raghallaigh Descendant of Raghallach
12 Doyle Ó Dubhghaill Descendant of Dubhghall ("dark-haired foreigner")
13 McCarthy Mac Cárthaigh Son of Cárthach ("loving")
14 (O')Gallagher Ó Gallchóir Ó Gallchobhair Descendant of Gallchobhar ("foreign assistance")
15 (O')Doherty Ó Dochartaigh Descendant of Dochartach ("hurtful")
16 Kennedy Ó Cinnéide Ó Ceannéidigh Descendant of Cinnéide ("adorned head") [30]
17 Lynch Ó Loingsigh Descendant of Loingseach ("longboat")
18 Murray Ó Muireadhaigh Mac Muireadhaigh
Mac Giolla Mhuire
Descendant of Muireadhach ("chieftain")
Descendant of a servant of Mary
19 (O')Quinn Ó Cuinn/Coinne Descendant of Conn ("hound/chief")
20 (O')Moore Ó Mórdha Descendant of Mórdha ("majestic")

Names starting with O' and Mac/Mc were originally patronymic. Of the names above, with the exception of Smith and Walsh, all originally began with O' or Mac/Mc but many have lost this prefix over time. Mac/Mc, meaning Son, and Ó, meaning From, are used by sons born into the family. In the case of a daughter being born into the family she would use Ní/Nic, for example Ó Muireadhaigh becomes Ní Mhuireadhaigh. A woman who marries into the family and takes her husband's name uses Uí/Mic- e.g. Uí Mhuireadhaigh.[31][32]

Italy[edit]

From Mappa dei Cognomi website.[33]

Rank Surname Frequency Meaning
1 Rossi 60.487 Red (Northern and Central Italy)
2 Russo 42.877 Red (Southern Italy)
3 Ferrari 33.707 Blacksmith
4 Esposito 31.980 Exposed (abandoned child)
5 Bianchi 25.121 White
6 Romano 24.062 Roman
7 Colombo 23.484 Dove (abandoned child)
8 Bruno 20.509 Brown
9 Ricci 19.879 Curly
10 Greco 18.225 Greek
11 Marino 17.939 Marine, seaman
12 Gallo 17.622 Rooster
13 De Luca 17.438 Son of luke
14 Conti 17.173 Count
15 Costa 16.875 Coast
16 Mancini 16.784 Left handed
17 Giordano 16.636 Jordan
18 Rizzo 16.394 Curly
19 Lombardi 15.220 Lombard
20 Barbieri 14.304 Barber
21 Moretti 14.255 Brown (diminutive form)
22 Fontana 14.214 Fountain
23 Caruso 13.756 Boy, apprentice
24 Mariani 13.652 Marian
25 Ferrara 13.236 Blacksmith
26 Santoro 13.141 Sanctorum omnium (all saints' day)
27 Rinaldi 12.861 Reynold
28 Leone 12.661 Lion
29 D'Angelo 12.620 Son of Angelo
30 Longo 12.273 Long
31 Galli 12.240 Roosters
32 Martini 12.090 Martin
33 Martinelli 11.819 Martin (diminutive)
34 Serra 11.484 Saw (carpenter)
35 Conte 11.347 Count
36 Vitale 11.266 Vitale (given name)
37 De Santis 11.208 Of the Saints
38 Marchetti 11.115
39 Messina 11.113 Messina
40 Gentile 11.019 Gentle
41 Villa 11.011
42 Marini 10.875
43 Lombardo 10.803 Lombard
44 Coppola 10.783
45 Ferri 10.679 Iron's
46 Parisi 10.675
47 De Angelis 10.509 Of the angels
48 Bianco 10.467 White
49 Amato 10.449 Beloved
50 Fabbri 10.330 Blacksmith
51 Gatti 10.303 Cats
52 Sala 10.283 Sala
53 Morelli 10.181
54 Grasso 10.076 Fat
55 Pellegrini 10.027 Pilgrims
56 Ferraro 10.020 Blacksmith
57 Monti 10.007 mountains
58 Palumbo 9.775 Pigeon
59 Grassi 9.749 Fat
60 Testa 9.728 Head
61 Valentini 9.435
62 Carbone 9.293 Coal
63 Benedetti 9.258 Blessed/Son of Benedict
64 Silvestri 9.250 Son of Sylvester
65 Farina 9.168 Flour (occupational surname)
66 D'Amico 9.125 Son of Amico
67 Martino 8.877 Martin
68 Bernardi 8.849 Barnard
69 Caputo 8.826 big headed
70 Mazza 8.756
71 Sanna 8.740
72 Fiore 8.734 Flower
73 De Rosa 8.727 From the rose
74 Pellegrino 8.678 Pilgrim
75 Giuliani 8.647 Son of Julian
76 Rizzi 8.594 Curly
77 Di Stefano 8.521 Son of Steven
78 Cattaneo 8.479 Captain
79 Rossetti 8.454
80 Orlando 8.423
81 Basile 8.368 Basil
82 Neri 8.358 Black
83 Barone 8.344 Baron
84 Palmieri 8.297 Palmer
85 Riva 8.203 Shore
86 Romeo 8.074
87 Franco 8.047 Frank
88 Sorrentino 8.017 From Sorrento
89 Pagano 8.007 Pagan
90 D'Agostino 7.904 Son of Augustin
91 Piras 7.889 Pear tree (Sardinia)
92 Ruggiero 7.812 Rodger
93 Montanari 7.795 Highlander
94 Battaglia 7.713 Fight
95 Bellini 7.690
96 Castelli 7.671 Castles
97 Guerra 7.572 War
98 Poli 7.538
99 Valente 7.493
100 Ferretti 7.489

Kosovo[edit]

These statistics are based on the Kosovo Agency of Statistics report on names and surnames in Kosovo, which took place in 2017.[34]

Rank Surname Number of individuals
1 Krasniqi 58,199
2 Gashi 57,396
3 Berisha 43,727
4 Morina 27,222
5 Shala 25,585
6 Bytyqi 18,840
7 Hasani 13,187
8 Kastrati 13,015
9 Kryeziu 12,882
10 Hoti 12,709
11 Fatime 8,626
12 Bajram 6,324
13 Emine 5,622
14 Bekim 5,470
15 Afërdita 5,226
16 Valon 5,207
17 Egzon 5,180
18 Arben 5,114
19 Ramadan 5,110
20 Muhamet 5,047

Latvia[edit]

Rank[35][36] Surname Meaning
1 Bērziņš birch (diminutive)
2 Kalniņš hill (diminutive)
3 Ozoliņš oak (diminutive)
4 Jansons son of Jānis (Germanized)
5 Ozols oak
6 Liepiņš linden (diminutive)
7 Krūmiņš bush (diminutive)
8 Balodis pigeon
9 Eglītis fir (diminutive)
10 Zariņš branch (diminutive)
11 Pētersons son of Pēteris (Germanized)
12 Vītols willow
13 Kļaviņš maple (diminutive)
14 Kārkliņš willow (diminutive form of Kārkls)
15 Vanags hawk

Lithuania[edit]

Lithuania, 2015[37]
Rank Male Female[note 1] Meaning
1 Kazlauskas Kazlauskienė equivalent of Polish Kozłowski from Kozioł "billy goat", certainly from before Christianity.
2 Jankauskas Jankauskienė from Jankowski from Janek from Jan in Polish "John" apostle.
3 Petrauskas Petrauskienė of Peter or Piotr in Polish
4 Stankevičius Stankevičienė from Polish Stanisławski from Stanisław "state of glory"
5 Vasiliauskas Vasiliauskienė of Vasil from Greek Basileus "Royal, Kingly" reference from Christ king of heaven.
6 Butkus Butkienė from Polish Budzisław "awakening glory"
7 Žukauskas Žukauskienė from Polish Żukowski from Żuk "beetle" also taken from before Christianity.
8 Paulauskas Paulauskienė of Paul apostle.
9 Urbonas Urbonienė from Latin URBANUS "from the city" meaning "connected to Rome and Christianity.
10 Kavaliauskas Kavaliauskienė from Polish Kowalski from Kowal "blacksmith"

Luxembourg[edit]

Out of 236,000 entries in the EDITUS phone book:

Rank[38] # Surname Meaning
1 1929 Schmit smith
2 1473 Muller miller
3 1380 Weber weaver
4 1335 Hoffmann farmer
5 1300 Wagner wain maker
6 1027 Thill short form for Diet "nation" (dutch in English)
7 939 Schmitz smith's
8 793 Schroeder
9 712 Reuter
10 706 Klein little (in English CLEAN has the same origin)
11 674 Becker Baker
12 660 Kieffer pine wood
13 650 Kremer chapman
14 610 Faber Latin Faber = smith
15 556 Meyer
16 550 Schneider Tailor
17 543 Weiss White
18 538 Schiltz shield's
19 537 Simon Simon
20 533 Welter Walter
21 504 Hansen Little John
22 496 Majerus
23 467 Ries Reeds
24 459 Meyers
25 451 Kayser emperor
26 441 Steffen Steve
27 438 Krier
28 421 Braun Brown
29 411 Wagener wain maker
30 405 Diederich Diet-Riks "Nation-Power".

Malta[edit]

Rank[39] % # Surname
1 3.3 13,610 Borg
2 3.1 13,090 Camilleri
3 2.9 12,192 Vella
4 2.9 11,953 Farrugia
5 2.3 9,769 Zammit
6 2.1 8,767 Galea
7 2.1 8,677 Micallef
8 2.0 8,178 Grech
9 1.8 7,680 Attard
10 1.8 7,316 Spiteri

Moldova[edit]

Rank Surname Meaning Total number of families[40]
1 Rusu from Rus 23,028
2 Ceban shepherd 20,929
3 Ciobanu shepherd 17,167
4 Țurcan (archaic) farmer 16,984
5 Cebotari shoemaker 15,464
6 Sîrbu Serb 14,171
7 Lungu long 14,090
8 Munteanu from the mountain 13,904
9 Rotari from roată = wheel 13,511
10 Popa priest 12,923
11 Ursu bear 11,456
12 Guțu dove 11,433
13 Roșca red-haired, ginger 11,194
14 Melnic miller 10,632
15 Cojocari coat crafter 10,526

Montenegro[edit]

Rank Surname Meaning[41]
1 Popović son of priest
2 Marković son of Marko
3 Vujović son of Vujo
4 Radović son of Rado
5 Ivanović son of Ivan
6 Radulović son of Radul or Radule
7 Jovanović son of Jovan
8 Perović son of Pero
9 Vuković Son of Vuk (Vuk means wolf)
10 Kovačević Son of blacksmith

Netherlands[edit]

The most recent complete count of surnames in the Netherlands is based on the September 2007 county registrations.

Rank Surname Number in 2007 Percent Number in 1947 English equivalent or (when lacking) meaning
1 De Jong 86,534 0.53% 55,256 the young
2 Jansen 75,699 0.46% 49,213 Johnson
3 De Vries 73,157 0.45% 49,298 the Frisian
4 Van den Berg * 60,130 0.37% 37,678 of/from the hill
5 Van Dijk, Van Dyk 57,944 0.35% 36,578 of/from the dike
6 Bakker 56,864 0.35% 37,483 Baker
7 Janssen 55,394 0.34% 32,824 Johnson
8 Visser 50,929 0.31% 34,721 Fisher
9 Smit 43,493 0.27% 29,783 Smith
10 Meijer, Meyer 41,497 0.25% 28,256 Bailiff or steward
11 De Boer 39,576 0.24% 25,662 the farmer
12 Mulder 37,250 0.23% 24,665 Miller
13 De Groot 37,221 0.23% 24,724 The big/great/large
14 Bos 36,478 0.22% 23,790 Bush or Woods
15 Vos 31,154 0.19% 19,461 Fox
16 Peters 30,864 0.19% 18,583 Peters
17 Hendriks 30,199 0.18% 18,538 Henderson
18 Van Leeuwen 28,774 0.18% 17,754 From Leeuwen/Leuven; Levi (leeuwen is the plural of lion)
19 Dekker 28,682 0.17% 18,782 Thatcher
20 Brouwer 26,224 0.16% 17,468 Brewer
21 De Wit 24,904 0.15% 15,156 the white
22 Dijkstra 24,175 0.15% 15,647 (Frisian) of/from the dike
23 Smits 23,816 0.15% 15,151 Smith
24 De Graaf 21,699 0.13% 13,718 The count/earl/administrator
25 Van der Meer 21,354 0.13% 13,011 of/from the lake

If closely related names are combined, the top 15 become:

Rank Surname Number of People
1 Jansen, Janssen, Janse 135,003
2 de Jong, de Jonge, de Jongh, Jong 108,240
3 Smit, Smits, Smid, de Smit, Smet, Smith 76,604
4 de Vries, Vries, de Vriese 74,058
5 vd Berg, vd Bergh, vd Berge, vd Bergen* 69,080
6 Visser, Visscher, Vissers, de Visser 68,952
7 van Dijk, van Dyk, Dijk, van Dijck 64,070
8 Bakker, Bekker, de Bakker, Backer 62,183
9 de Boer, Boer, den Boer, van de Boer 57,072
10 Mulder, Muller, Müller, Mulders, de Mulder 52,394
11 Peters, Peeters, Pieters, Peterse, Peter 52,389
12 vd Veen, vd Ven, van Veen, van 't Veen * 49,935
13 Bos, Bosch, de Bos 47,995
14 Meijer, Meyer, Meijers 47,761
15 de Groot, Groot, de Groote 47,511
* "vd" stands for "van de", "van den", or "van der"

Source: Nederlands Repertorium van Familienamen, Meertens-Instituut, 1963–2009. Data can be viewed in the Corpus of Family Names in the Netherlands See specifically De top 100 van de familienamen in Nederland (Dutch)

Names ending in -stra or -ma are usually of Frisian origin. For example, Terpstra, Bijlsma, Halsema.

Names ending in -ink or -ing are usually of Low Saxon origin. For example, Hiddink, Meyerink, Mentink.

North Macedonia[edit]

Rank Surname Meaning
1 Andov son of Ande
2 Angelov son of Angel
3 Bogdanov son of Bogdan
4 Bozinov son of Bozhin
5 Brankov son of Branko
6 Damcevski
7 Davidov son of David
8 Dimitrov son of Dimitar
9 Donev son of Doncho
10 Filipov son of Filip
11 Georgiev son of Georgi
12 Ivanov son of Ivan
13 Ivanovski son of Ivan
14 Janev son of Jane
15 Kitanovski
16 Koloski
17 Kostovski son of Kosta
18 Kostov
19 Manasievski son of Manas
20 Markov son of Marko
21 Markovski
22 Markoski
23 Matovski son of Mato
24 Mladenovski son of Mladen
25 Nikolovski son of Nikola
26 Pavlovski
27 Penov son of Peni
28 Petkov son of Petko
29 Petrevski son of Petar
30 Petrovski
31 Popoff priest
32 Popovski
33 Ristevski son of Risto
34 Stojanov son of Stojan
35 Trajanoski son of Trajan
36 Trajanovski
37 Trajcevski
38 Trajkovski

Norway[edit]

Rank[42] # Surname Meaning
1 53,011 Hansen patronymic; son of Hans
2 50,088 Johansen patronymic; son of Johan or Johannes
3 49,303 Olsen patronymic; son of Olav, Ole, Olaf or Ola
4 37.869 Larsen patronymic; son of Lars, Lauritz or Laurits
5 37,206 Andersen patronymic; son of Anders (or Andres)
6 35,402 Pedersen patronymic; son of Peder, (Petter, Peter or Per)
7 34,941 Nilsen patronymic; son of Nils (or Niels)
8 23,595 Kristiansen patronymic; son of Kristian (or Christian)
9 23,079 Jensen patronymic; son of Jens
10 21,330 Karlsen patronymic; son of Karl (or Carl)
11 20,755 Johnsen patronymic; son of John (or Jon)
12 20,226 Pettersen patronymic; son of Petter, (Peter, Peder or Per)
13 19,241 Eriksen patronymic; son of Erik, (Eirik or Erich)
14 18,133 Berg toponymic; a hill
15 14,392 Haugen toponymic; the mound
16 14,126 Hagen toponymic; the garden
17 13,387 Johannessen patronymic; son of Johannes (or Johan)
18 12,139 Andreassen patronymic; son of Andreas
19 11,925 Jacobsen patronymic; son of Jacob (or Jakob)
20 11,540 Dahl toponymic; a valley
21 11,481 Jørgensen patronymic; son of Jørgen
22 11,477 Halvorsen patronymic; son of Halvor (or Hallvard)
23 11,364 Henriksen patronymic; son of Henrik (or Henrich)
24 11,282 Lund toponymic; a grove

Poland[edit]

Rank Surname Meaning Population[43]
1 Nowak "newman" 207,348
2 Kowalski from kowal "smith" 140,471
3 Wiśniewski from wiśnia "cherry" 111,174
4 Wójcik from wójt, a noun describing chief officer of a municipality (gmina), from a popular name Wojciech; from the word "wojak" (warrior) 100,064
5 Kowalczyk from kowal "smith", literally "smith's son" 98,739
6 Kamiński from kamień "stone" 95,816
7 Lewandowski from lawenda "lavender" or rather "from the East" LEVANT 93,404
8 Zieliński from zielony "green"; from zioło, ziele "herb" 91,522
9 Szymański from Szymon, equivalent to Simon or Polish for German Schuhmann "shoemaker" 89,698
10 Woźniak from woźny, "usher" 89,015
11 Dąbrowski from dąbrowa "oak grove" 87,304
12 Kozłowski from kozioł "buck" 76,657
13 Jankowski from Janek, a diminutive of John 69,280
14 Mazur Masurian 68,090
15 Kwiatkowski from kwiatek "flower (dim.)" 66,917
16 Wojciechowski from the name Wojciech; from the word "wojak" (warrior) 66,879
17 Krawczyk from krawiec "tailor", "tailor's son" 64,543
18 Kaczmarek from karczmarz "innkeeper" 62,399
19 Piotrowski from Piotr (Peter) 61,844
20 Grabowski from grab "hornbeam" or grabarz 'gravedigger" 59,052

Polish names which end with -ski or -cki have both male and female forms – Kamiński / Kamińska, Wielicki / Wielicka, etc. This needs to be considered when taking a count by, for instance, scanning a telephone book. Historically, -ski, cognate with English -ish and French -esque, was a particle of nobility, like German von.

Portugal[edit]

The 50 most frequent surnames in Portugal are listed below.[44][45][46] A number of these surnames may be preceded by “of” de, De, d’ or “of the” do, da, dos, das, Do, Da, Dos, Das as in ‘de Sousa, Da Costa, D’Oliveira’, etc.:

Order Surname Meaning Frequency
%
Origin
1 Silva woodland 9.44% Latin silva
2 Santos saints 5.96% Latin sanctus
3 Ferreira blacksmith 5.25% Latin ferrarius
4 Pereira pear tree 4.88% Latin pirus
5 Oliveira olive tree 3.71% Latin oliva
6 Costa [from the] coast, toponym 3.68% Latin costa
7 Rodrigues son of Rodrigo 3.57% Germanic Roderich
8 Martins son of Martim 3.23% Latin Martinus
9 Jesus Jesus 2.99% Latin Iesus < Hebrew Yeshua
10 Sousa [from] Sousa, toponym 2.95% Latin saxa
11 Fernandes son of Fernando 2.82% Germanic Ferdinand
12 Gonçalves son of Gonçalo 2.76% Germanic Gundisalv
13 Gomes son of Gome, Gomo 2.57% Germanic guma
14 Lopes son of Lopo 2.52% Latin lupus
15 Marques son of Marco 2.51% Latin Marcus
16 Alves son of Álvaro 2.37% Germanic alfhari, alfarr
17 Almeida toponym 2.27% Arabic al majid
18 Ribeiro brook 2.27% Latin riparius
19 Pinto chick 2.09% Celtic pit, pet
20 Carvalho oak 1.97% Celtic cassos, cassanos
21 Teixeira yew 1.69% Latin taxus
22 Moreira mulberry 1.54% Latin mora
23 Correia belt 1.53% Celtic (latinised) korriį
24 Mendes son of Mendo 1.39% Germanic Hermengild
25 Nunes son of Nuno 1.32% Latin nonus, nunnus
26 Soares son of Soeiro 1.28% Germanic (latinised) Suarius
27 Vieira scallop 1.2% Latin veneria
28 Monteiro [from the] mountain, toponym 1.11% Latin mons
29 Cardoso thistle 1.07% Latin carduus
30 Rocha rock 1.04% Breton (latinised) roc’h
31 Neves snows, devotion to
(Our Lady of the Snows)
0.98% Latin nigvem
32 Coelho rabbit 0.97% Celtiberian cunicos
33 Cruz cross (of Jesus) 0.94% Latin crux
34 Cunha wedge 0.93% Latin cuneus
35 Pires son of Pero 0.92% Greek Πετρος (Petros)
36 Duarte keeper of riches, patronymic 0.86% Germanic Edward
37 Reis devotion to the
Three Kings
0.85% Latin rex
38 Simões son of Simão 0.85% Greek Σιμων (Simon)
39 Antunes son of António 0.82% Etruscan Antonius
40 Matos bush 0.82% Late Latin matta
41 Fonseca dry fountain 0.81% Latin fons siccus
42 Machado axe 0.76% Frankish hapja
43 Araújo toponym 0.69% Germanic ruderic
44 Barbosa toponym 0.69% Latin barba
45 Tavares toponym 0.67% Latin Talavaris
46 Lourenço Laurentius, related to laurels 0.65% Latin Laurentum
47 Castro castle, fortress 0.62% Latin castrum
48 Figueiredo fig 0.62% Latin fīcus
49 Azevedo holly 0.60% Latin aquifolium
50 Freitas hillside 0.60% Latin fracta

Romania[edit]

Rank[47] Surname Pronunciation Meaning
1 Popa [ˈpopa] Priest
2 Popescu [poˈpesku] literally son of a priest
3 Pop [pop] short form of Popa
4 Radu [ˈradu]
5 Dumitru [duˈmitru]
6 Stan [stan] shortened form of Stanislav
7 Stoica [ˈstojka]
8 Gheorghe [ˈɡe̯orɡe] form of George
9 Matei [maˈtej] Romanian form of Matthew
10 Ciobanu [t͡ʃjoˈbanu] Shepherd
11 Ionescu [ioˈnesku] literally Johnson from Ion, Romanian form of John
12 Rusu [rusu] Russian

Russia[edit]

See also: Список общерусских фамилий (in Russian Wikipedia)

The 20 most common widespread Russian surnames (for males) from the European part of Russia, as calculated by Balanovskaya et al. (2005):[48]

Rank Surname Transliteration Meaning Percentage[48]
1 Смирно́в Smirnov son of Smirnoy (meek one) 1.61
2 Ивано́в Ivanov son of Ivan 1.30
3 Кузнецо́в Kuznetsov smith's 0.90
4 Попо́в Popov priest's son 0.79
5 Соколо́в Sokolov falcon's 0.73
6 Ле́бедев Lebedev swan's 0.65
7 Козло́в Kozlov he-goat's; metaphorically: bearded one 0.58
8 Но́виков Novikov newman's; see novik for historical details 0.54
9 Моро́зов Morozov frost's 0.53
10 Петро́в Petrov son of Pyotr 0.44
11 Во́лков Volkov wolf's 0.44
12 Соловьёв Solovyov nightingale's 0.44
13 Васи́льев Vasilyev son of Vasily 0.42
14 За́йцев Zaytsev hare's 0.41
15 Па́влов Pavlov son of Pavel 0.39
16 Семёнов Semyonov son of Semyon 0.35
17 Го́лубев Golubev pigeon's 0.32
18 Виногра́дов Vinogradov grape's 0.32
19 Богда́нов Bogdanov son of Bogdan 0.31
20 Воробьёв Vorobyov sparrow's 0.30

Those Russian surnames that end with -ov/-ev or -in/-yn are originally patronymic or metronymic possessive adjectivals with the meaning "son of" or "daughter/wife of" (the feminine is formed with the -a ending – Smirnova, Ivanova, etc.). In older documents such surnames were written with the word syn "son", for example, Ivánov syn "John's son" or Il'yín syn "Elijah's son"; the last word was later dropped. Such names are roughly equivalent to the English or Welsh surnames Richardson or Richards.

The Russian equivalent of "Smith, Jones, and Brown" (that is, the generic most often used surnames) is Ivanov, Petrov, Sidorov, or "Johns, Peters, and Isidores", although Sidorov is now ranked only 66th.[48]

Serbia[edit]

Rank[49] Surname Cyrillic script Meaning
1 Jovanović Јовановић son of Jovan (John)
2 Petrović Петровић son of Petar (Peter)
3 Nikolić Николић son of Nikola (Nicholas)
4 Marković Марковић son of Marko (Mark)
5 Đorđević Ђорђевић son of Đorđe (George)
6 Stojanović Стојановић son of Stojan (Stoyan)
7 Ilić Илић son of Ilija (Elijah)
8 Stanković Станковић son of Stanko (Stanislav)
9 Pavlović Павловић son of Pavle (Paul)
10 Milošević Милошевић son of Miloš (Milosh)

Slovakia[edit]

Rank[50][51] # Surname Meaning Origins
1 30,813 Horváth Croat Croatian through Hungarian
2 29,079 Kováč Blacksmith Slavic, Indo-European
3 21,650 Varga Leatherworker, cobbler Hungarian[28]
4 21,604 Tóth Slovak (Slav) Germanic through Hungarian[28][51]
5 19,341 Nagy Large/Tall Hungarian[28]
6 14,114 Baláž Blessed Hungarian via Latin Blasius and Old Church Slavonic blessed, from Indo-European
7 13,998 Szabó Tailor Hungarian[28]
8 12,632 Molnár Miller Croatian through Hungarian[28]
9 10,872 Balog Left-handed Hungarian,[28] or from Slavic marsh, or both
10 9,718 Lukáč Luke Latin Lucas, Greek

Note: The most common surnames in Slovakia are a mixture of Indo-European and the Ugric roots reflecting the 900-year-long coexistence of the Indo-European Slovaks and speakers of other Indo-European languages with Ugric Hungarians and the Croatians, under Hungarian assimilation pressure throughout the 19th century (see Magyarization, see History of Slovakia). In 1910 Hungarians made up one-third of the population of present-territory of Slovakia.[52] Hungarians are currently an 8% minority[51] in Slovakia due to population exchanges and Slovakization.[53] (see Demographics of Slovakia). While ethnic Hungarians are relatively few in Slovakia, their large presence on the list of most common names reflects the intra-lingual frequency of the frequent names in Hungary.

Slovenia[edit]

Rank[54] # Surname Meaning
1 11,196 Novak new man; from a newly established farm
2 9,762 Horvat Croat
3 5,640 Kovačič son of blacksmith
4 5,585 Krajnc from Carniola
5 5,019 Zupančič son of farmer or the village elder
6 4,729 Potočnik near stream
7 4,729 Kovač blacksmith
8 3,957 Mlakar near puddle
9 3,905 Kos blackbird
10 3,885 Vidmar farmer belonging to the ruler's estate
11 3,855 Golob pigeon
12 3,506 Turk Turk
13 3,421 Božič Christmas
14 3,418 Kralj King
15 3,285 Korošec from Carinthia
16 3,256 Zupan mayor (originally, village elder)
17 3,209 Bizjak archaic term for refugee; usually applied to Slavic Christian families that had fled from the Ottoman Empire
18 3,136 Hribar from the hill
19 3,069 Kotnik from a remote area (literally, from a corner)
20 3,003 Kavčič weaver
21 2,992 Rozman
22 2,873 Kastelic from a castle
23 2,841 Oblak cloud
24 2,828 Žagar sawer
25 2,821 Petek Friday
26 2,808 Hočevar from Kočevje or from Gottschee County
27 2,807 Kolar
28 2,738 Košir
29 2,598 Koren
30 2,399 Klemenčič son of Klemen

Spain[edit]

The top ten surnames cover about 20% of the population, with important geographical differences. The regional distribution of surnames within Spain was homogenized mostly through internal migrations, especially since 1950. Names typical of the old crown of Castile have become the most common all over the country. Most of the common Spanish patronymic surnames were introduced in Spain during the fifth to seventh centuries by the Visigoths.

Rank Surname # % Meaning
1 García 1,378,000 3.48 Pre-Roman, Basque.
2 Fernández 851,000 2.15 Son of Fernando, Fredenand, or Fridnand; Germanic
3 González 839,000 2.12 Son of Gonzalo, from the Latinised form Gundisalvus; Germanic
4 Rodríguez 804,000 2.03 Son of Rodrigo, Roderic; Germanic
5 López 796,000 2.01 Son of Lope, Latin Lupus, meaning wolf
6 Martínez 788,000 1.97 Son of Martin, Latin Martis, genitive form of Mars
7 Sánchez 725,000 1.83 Son of Sancho, Latin Sanctius
8 Pérez 709,000 1.79 Son of Pedro, Latin Petrus
9 Martín 459,000 1.16
10 Gómez 440,000 1.11 Son of Gomes, Gomo, or Gomaro; Meaning "man" in Goth Germanic
11 Ruiz 321,000 0.81 Son of Rui, variation or short for Rodrigo
12 Hernández 305,000 0.77 Son of Hernando, variation of Fernando
13 Jiménez 293,000 0.74 son of Jimeno, Xemeno, or Ximeno
14 Díaz 293,000 0.74 Son of Diego
15 Álvarez 273,000 0.69 Son of Alvaro, from Alvar; Germanic
16 Moreno 261,000 0.66 Brown-haired, tanned, brunet
17 Muñoz 241,000 0.61 Son of Munio; Pre-Roman
18 Alonso 206,000 0.52 Variation of Alfonso; Germanic
19 Gutiérrez 170,000 0.43 Son of Gutier, Gutierre, or Gualtierre; Germanic
20 Romero 170,000 0.43 pilgrim
21 Navarro 158,400 0.40 Navarrese, (from Navarre); toponym
22 Torres 134,600 0.34 Towers; toponym
23 Domínguez 134,600 0.34 Son of Domingo, from Latin Domenicus, Dominus, master
24 Gil 134,600 0.34 From older form Egidio; patronymic
25 Vázquez 130,000 0.33 Son of Vasco or Velasco
26 Serrano 122,700 0.31 highlander
27 Ramos 118,000 0.30 Branches; meaning born during Christian festivity Palm Sunday
28 Blanco 118,000 0.30 white
29 Sanz 106,900 0.27
30 Castro 102,900 0.26 village; see castro and castrum
31 Suárez 102,900 0.26 Son of Suero or Suaro; unknown origin
32 Ortega 99,000 0.25 From Ortiga, nettle plant
33 Rubio 99,000 0.25 Blond, fair-haired; Latin Rubeus, meaning ruddy, reddish
34 Molina 99,000 0.25 (Mill, place with mills)
35 Delgado 95,000 0.24 skinny
36 Ramírez 95,000 0.24 Son of Ramiro, Radamir, or Radmir; Germanic
37 Morales 95,000 0.24 Blackberry groves
38 Ortiz 87,120 0.22 Son of Ortún; Latin Fortunius, meaning fortunate one
39 Marín 83,160 0.21 Latin Marinus, meaning sailor
40 Iglesias 83,160 0.21 churches

Source:[55] – Data from December 1999. (2004 data confirmation of top 25)

Canary Islands[edit]

Rank Surname Approximate percentage
1 González 4.79
2 Rodríguez 4.64
3 Hernández 4.01
4 Pérez 3.35
5 García 3.25
6 Martín 2.21
7 Santana 2.18
8 Díaz 1.86
9 Suárez 1.38
10 Sánchez 1.29
11 López 1.21
12 Cabrera 1.18
13 Ramos 0.88
14 Medina 0.87
15 Fernández 0.75
16 Morales 0.73
17 Delgado 0.70
18 Marrero 0.70
19 León 0.69
20 Alonso 0.61
21 Herrera 0.59
22 Cruz 0.58
23 Domínguez 0.55
24 Gutiérrez 0.52
25 Reyes 0.50
26 Torres 0.48
27 Alvarez 0.66
28 Rivero 0.44
29 Armas 0.42
30 Trujillo 0.40

Sweden[edit]

Source: World Family Names

Rank[56] # Surname Meaning
1 251,621 Andersson son of Anders
2 251,495 Johansson son of Johan
3 223,151 Karlsson son of Karl
4 171,360 Nilsson son of Nils
5 147,514 Eriksson son of Erik
6 124,686 Larsson son of Lars
7 114,280 Olsson son of Olof, Olov, Ola, Ole or Olle (usually a nickname)
8 107,911 Persson son of Per
9 101,834 Svensson son of Sven
10 97,536 Gustafsson son of Gustaf
11 96,011 Pettersson son of Petter
12 73,869 Jonsson son of Jon
13 50,170 Jansson son of Jan
14 43,926 Hansson son of Hans
15 34,302 Bengtsson son of Bengt
16 32,249 Jönsson son of Jöns
17 27,533 Lindberg compound of lind (the tree tilia cordata) and berg (mountain)
18 26,793 Jakobsson son of Jakob
19 26,562 Magnusson son of Magnus
20 26,424 Olofsson son of Olof

List of the 10 most common names among the Sami people (compiled from one third of the Sametinget voting list 2005):[57]

Rank Surname Meaning
1 Andersson son of Anders
2 Johansson son of Johan
3 Nilsson son of Nils
4 Larsson son of Lars
5 Persson son of Per
6 Blind ? of Sami descent
7 Jonsson son of Jon
8 Eriksson son of Erik
9 Nutti ? of Sami descent
10 Labba ? of Sami descent

Switzerland[edit]

Surnames of the Italian-speaking canton of Ticino

Rank Surname Meaning
1 Bianchi white
2 Bernasconi
3 Fontana one who dwells by a fountain
4 Crivelli sieve
5 Galli Gaul; Frenchman
6 Cereghetti
7 Colombo dove (often bestowed upon orphans)
8 Rossi red, redhead
9 Ferrari blacksmith
10 Cavadini
11 Sante
12 Ravelli
13 Giovanni John
14 Piero Peter

German-speaking cantons (1998): Source:[58]

Rank # Surname Meaning
1 31,000 Müller miller
2 19,150 Meier tenant of a large farm
3 16,900 Schmid blacksmith
4 13,000 Keller winemaker
5 11,850 Weber weaver
6 10,550 Huber tenant of a small large farm
7 10,350 Meyer tenant of a large farm
8 10,300 Schneider tailor
9 8,950 Steiner 'stone person'
10 8,200 Fischer fisherman
11 8,100 Brunner 'water well person'
12 8,000 Baumann 'constructionman'
13 7,950 Gerber tanner
14 7,750 Frei free (in terms of freedom)
15 7,500 Moser 'bog person'

Turkey[edit]

Rank Surname Meaning
1 Yılmaz indomitable
2 Kaya rock
3 Demir iron
4 Şahin falcon
5 Çelik steel
6 Yıldız star
7 Yıldırım thunderbolt
8 Öztürk pure Turk
9 Aydın enlightened
10 Özdemir pure iron
11 Arslan lion
12 Doğan born, rising
13 Kılıç sword
14 Aslan lion
15 Çetin tough
16 Kara black
17 Koç ram
18 Kurt wolf
19 Özkan pure blood
20 Şimşek lightning

Source: Turkish General Directorate of Population and Citizenships[59]

Ukraine[edit]

Many of the surnames use the same root but different suffixes, or even different roots of the same meaning, depending on the part of Ukraine the person hails from.[60]

Rank Surname Meaning
1 Melnyk miller
2 Shevchenko shoemaker's
3 Boyko the Boyko (a member of a group of Ukrainian highlanders)
4 Kovalenko smith's
5 Bondarenko cooper's
6 Tkachenko weaver's
7 Kovalchuk smith's
8 Kravchenko tailor's
9 Oliynyk oil maker
10 Shevchuk shoemaker's
11 Koval smith
12 Polishchuk the Polesian, a man from Polesia
13 Bondar cooper
14 Tkachuk weaver's
15 Moroz frost
16 Marchenko Mark's
17 Lysenko fox's (from Lys) or baldhead's (from Lysyi)
18 Rudenko redhead's
19 Savchenko Savka's (Savka is a form of Sava or Savva)
20 Petrenko Petro's

United Kingdom[edit]

England[edit]

Rank Surname Percentage[61]
1 Smith 1.26
2 Jones 0.75
3 Taylor 0.59
4 Brown 0.56
5 Williams 0.39
6 Wilson 0.39
7 Johnson 0.37
8 Davies 0.34
9 Robinson 0.32
10 Wright 0.32
11 Thompson 0.31
12 Evans 0.30
13 Walker 0.30
14 White 0.30
15 Roberts 0.28
16 Green 0.28
17 Hall 0.28
18 Wood 0.27
19 Jackson 0.27
20 Clarke 0.26
Greater London

The following list is for Greater London.[62]

Rank Surname Origin
1 Brown
2 Smith
3 Patel Gujarat/India
4 Jones
5 Williams
6 Johnson
7 Taylor
8 Thomas
9 Roberts
10 Khan Pakistan
11 Lewis
12 Jackson
13 Clarke
14 James
15 Phillips
16 Wilson
17 Ali Arabia/Turkey
18 Mason
19 Mitchell Scotland
20 Rose
21 Davis
22 Davies
23 Rodríguez Spain/Latin America
24 Cox England/Wales/Ireland
25 Alexander Scotland/Greece

Northern Ireland[edit]

Source: [63]

Rank Surname Origin %
1 Wilson England 0.75
2 Campbell Scotland 0.75
3 Kelly Ireland 0.74
4 Johnston Scotland 0.69
5 Moore Ireland 0.62
6 Thompson England 0.61
7 Smyth England 0.60
8 Brown England 0.59
9 O’Neill Ireland 0.57
10 Doherty Ireland 0.54
11 Stewart Scotland 0.54
12 Quinn Ireland 0.51
13 Robinson England 0.50
14 Murphy Ireland 0.49
15 Graham England 0.48
16 Martin England 0.45
17 McLaughlin Scotland 0.45
18 Hamilton Scotland 0.44
19 Murray Scotland/Ireland 0.43
20 Hughes Wales 0.41

Scotland[edit]

Source: [63]

Rank Surname %
1 Smith 1.28
2 Brown 0.94
3 Wilson 0.89
4 Robertson 0.78
5 Thomson 0.78
6 Campbell 0.77
7 Stewart 0.73
8 Anderson 0.70
9 Scott 0.55
10 Murray 0.53
11 MacDonald 0.52
12 Reid 0.52
13 Taylor 0.49
14 Clark 0.47
15 Ross 0.43
16 Young 0.42
17 Mitchell 0.41
18 Watson 0.41
19 Paterson 0.40
20 Morrison 0.40

Wales[edit]

Source: [63]

Rank Surname %
1 Jones 5.75
2 Williams 3.72
3 Davies 3.72
4 Evans 2.47
5 Thomas 2.43
6 Roberts 1.53
7 Lewis 1.53
8 Hughes 1.23
9 Morgan 1.16
10 Griffiths 0.96
11 Edwards 0.93
12 Smith 0.85
13 James 0.82
14 Rees 0.81
15 Jenkins 0.69
16 Owen 0.67
17 Price 0.67
18 Phillips 0.65
19 Moss 0.63
20 Driscoll 0.53 (Ireland)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Lithuanian language has different endings for surnames for men and women. The ending of a woman's surname indicates whether she is married or not. Last names of married women end in -ienė while those of unmarried girls end in -ytė, -iūtė, -utė, -aitė.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ WienerSprachblätter, 2006, issue 4, p. 4. "Alles Gruber in Östereich und nicht Müller wie in Deutschland" (in German). Retrieved 20 October 2007.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. ^ Какие самые распространенные фамилии в Азербайджане?. 1news.az (in Russian). Retrieved 19 January 2013.
  3. ^ Ale.by – Самая распространенная фамилия в Минске – Иванов
  4. ^ Statistics Belgium, Demographic Statistics, most common surnames
  5. ^ Statistics Belgium, Demographic Statistics, total population
  6. ^ Јањатовић, Ђорђе (1993). ПРЕЗИМЕНА СРБА У БОСНИ. ПРОСВЕТА-ТРГОВИНА" д. д. СОМБОР.
  7. ^ http://www.nsi.bg/sites/default/files/files/pressreleases/Names2018p.pdf
  8. ^ "Most frequent Croatian surnames". www.croatian-genealogy.com. Retrieved 30 December 2009.
  9. ^ "Most frequent surnames, Census 2011". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012. Retrieved 6 September 2013.
  10. ^ "Names and surnames in Republic of Croatia". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012. Retrieved 6 September 2013.
  11. ^ "What's in a name?". Ancestry.com. Retrieved 2 January 2009.
  12. ^ Bowne, Heather (16 January 2005). "What's in a name?". ABC of Czech. Český rozhlas 7 – Radio Praha. Retrieved 28 January 2008. The most common surname in the Czech Republic is Novák, which is closest to the English "Newman".
  13. ^ Mužská příjmení – občané ČR a cizí státní příslušníci – 20 nejčetnějších
  14. ^ Ženská přijmení – občanky ČR a cizí státní příslušnice – 20 nejčetnějších
  15. ^ "Navne i hele befolkningen". dst.dk (in Danish). Statistics Denmark. Retrieved 5 February 2016.
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  17. ^ Føroya, Hagstova. "Eftirnøvn (2001–2017)" (in Faroese). Retrieved 14 December 2015.
  18. ^ a b Population Register Centre, 13 July 2015. Percentages are based on the population of Finland on 16 July 2015.
  19. ^ "Les noms de famille les plus portés France" (in French). linternaute.com. Retrieved 29 December 2009.
  20. ^ Georgian Civil Registry Agency. "[1]". Accessed 13 December 2018. (in Russian)
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  22. ^ In northern Germany, the alternative form 'Möller' is more common;
  23. ^ Heterograph: Schmitt. In southernmost Germany, the alternative form 'Schmid' is the most common. All forms taken collectively would be #1 surname. The standard German form for 'blacksmith' is 'Schmied'.
  24. ^ Heterographs: Meier, which is common to the north, like Meyer, and Mayer, which is commoner to the south. All forms taken collectively would be #2 surname
  25. ^ Triandafilidis, Manolis (1995). Τα οικογενειακά μας ονόματα (Our Family Names). Athens: Manolis Triandafilidis Foundation. p. 288. ISBN 9789602310106.
  26. ^ Triandafilidis, Manolis (1995). Τα οικογενειακά μας ονόματα (Our Family Names). Athens: Manolis Triandafilidis Foundation. p. 288. ISBN 9789602310106.
  27. ^ "Családnév statisztika 2011. január 1" (xls) (in Hungarian). Népességnyilvántartó Hivatal (Bureau of Population Registration). Retrieved 9 October 2011.
  28. ^ a b c d e f g Farkas, Tamás. "Régi magyar családnevek névvégmutató szótára (Reverse dictionary of historical Hungarian family names)" (PDF). ELTE Magyar Nyelvtudományi és Finnugor Intézet, Magyar Nyelvtudományi Társaság (Budapest University, Faculty of Hungarian Philology and Finno-Ugric Institute, Hungarian Philology Association), Budapest, 2009.
  29. ^ Íslands, Hagstofa. "Mannanöfn og nafngiftir á Íslandi" (PDF) (in Icelandic). Retrieved 26 February 2018.
  30. ^ https://www.teanglann.ie/en/fgb/éadaigh
  31. ^ The Top 500 Irish & British Surnames, The Observer, 15 April 2007.
  32. ^ [2] Retrieved on 23 September 2008. Registration required.
  33. ^ "L'Italia dei Cognomi" (in Italian). www.mappadeicognomi.it. Retrieved 19 July 2017.
  34. ^ Agjencia e Statistikave të Kosovës, 2017, p. 12. "Names and Surnames in Kosovo" (PDF). Retrieved 20 October 2017.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  35. ^ "Latvians". li.lv. 2006. Retrieved 29 December 2009.
  36. ^ Latvian Surname Project http://www.celmina.com/surnames.html
  37. ^ "Populiariausi gyventojų vardai ir Labiausiai paplitusiosios gyventojų pavardės" (in Lithuanian). stat.gov.lt. 27 February 2015. Retrieved 6 June 2016.
  38. ^ [3]
  39. ^ Zammit, Silvan (7 January 2013). "Census of Population and Housing 2011: A focus on Surnames" (PDF). National Statistics Office – Malta. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
  40. ^ CASATA.MD: NUME IN REPUBLICA MOLDOVA
  41. ^ https://www.kurir.rs/region/2761917/ovo-su-najcesca-prezimena-na-balkanu-proverite-kako-se-vase-kotira
  42. ^ "Surnames used by 200 or more". Statistics Norway. Retrieved 22 November 2016.
  43. ^ Ministry of Interior (Poland). Statystyka najpopularniejszych nazwisk występujących w Polsce in 2009 Archived 28 September 2013 at the Wayback Machine (The most popular surnames in Poland in 2009). Retrieved August 19, 2013.
  44. ^ © 2005 SOCIEDADE PORTUGUESA DE INFORMAÇÃO ECONÓMICA S.A. – SPIE.
  45. ^ Os 100 Apelidos mais frequentes da População Portuguesa Perhaps the numbers in this reference are for the population of Portuguese-speaking countries. The total number of people with these common names (10.4 million) already exceeds the population of Portugal in 2014 (10.3 million).
  46. ^ https://forebears.io/portugal
  47. ^ "Cele mai comune nume de familie din Romania, 2013". Retrieved 5 August 2014.
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  49. ^ Попис становништва, домаћинстава и станова 2011. године у Републици Србији; Посебна публикација: Најчешћа имена и презимена (in Serbian). Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 4 May 2013.
  50. ^ Najčastejšie priezviska na Slovensku
  51. ^ a b c Votruba, Martin. "Most Common Slovak Last Names". Slovak Studies Program. University of Pittsburgh.
  52. ^ Károly Kocsis (DSc, University of Miskolc) – Zsolt Bottlik (PhD, Budapest University) – Patrik Tátrai: Etnikai térfolyamatok a Kárpát-medence határon túli régióiban, Magyar Tudományos Akadémia (Hungarian Academy of Sciences) – Földrajtudományi Kutatóintézet (Academy of Geographical Studies); Budapest; 2006.; ISBN 963-9545-10-4, CD Atlas
  53. ^ Gyurgyík, László. "An analysis – in a complex approach – of assimilation processes among the Hungarians of Slovakia". Nyelvhatárok, etnikai kontaktuszónák a Kárpát-medence három régiójában. MTA Etnikai-nemzeti Kisebbségkutató Intézet (Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Ethnic and National Minorities).
  54. ^ "Most frequent family names". stat.si. Retrieved 29 December 2009.
  55. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 30 April 2008. Retrieved 25 June 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  56. ^ "Namnstatistik". [4]. 15 September 2013. External link in |publisher= (help)
  57. ^ "Vanligaste samiska efternamnet utsett". Sveriges Radio (in Swedish). Retrieved 24 August 2016.
  58. ^ http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/SWITZERLAND/1998-05/0895251376
  59. ^ "Most Popular Surnames, 2013" (PDF). Turkish General Directorate of Population and Citizenships. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 February 2015. Retrieved 20 July 2014.
  60. ^ https://sites.google.com/site/uaname/popularnist-prizvis/misca-1---10000 Популярні призвища та імена України
  61. ^ Paediatric-Epidemiology Significance Surnames Paper University College London
  62. ^ Most common surnames in Greater London, UK
  63. ^ a b c http://www.ucl.ac.uk/paediatric-epidemiology/pdfs/Signficance_Surnames_Paper.pdf