List of the oldest buildings in Virginia

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This article attempts to list the oldest extant buildings in the state of Virginia.

Building Image Location First Built Notes
Jamestown Church Jamestown 2007 07 03.jpg Jamestown, Virginia 1639–1641 church tower and foundations are all that remain from 1639 [1]
Thorpland York County, Virginia 1630s c. The property dates to a land grant of 500 acres (200 ha) in New Poquoson to Christopher Calthorpe in 1631, an area still known in the 21st century as Calthrop Neck. York County tax records ascribe a construction date of 1631.[2] Corroborative dating efforts have not been performed and various architectural features, including brickwork, window size and the original gambrel roof on part of the house suggest a style which was not used in Virginia until the early 18th century. The name "Thorpland" hands down the name of the ancient habitation place of the Calthorpes in Norfolk, England.[3] The house has always been a private residence and is owned by a descendant of its builder.
Broad Bay Manor Virginia Beach 1640 c. or 1660 c. Purportedly the oldest extant European-built house in the southeastern United States. Built by Thomas Allen either c.1640 [4] or c. 1660 [5] on land granted to him by Governor Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr. The small center portion of what is now a much larger structure, it was primarily constructed from Flemish bond brick. Corroborative dating efforts have not been performed. It has always been a private residence. It is located in the Broad Bay Colony part of northeastern Virginia Beach.[6]
Bacon's Castle Bacons Castle 2006.jpg Surry County, Virginia 1665 associated with Bacon's Rebellion
Old Mansion Old Mansion, State Route 2 vicinity, Bowling Green (Caroline County, Virginia).jpg Caroline County, Virginia 1669 purportedly oldest house in the region although tree ring analysis of some beams yielded a date of 1741
Rural Plains Rural Plains, 7273 Studley Road (State Route 606), Richmond National Battlefield Park (Hanover County, Virginia).jpg Hanover County, Virginia 1670 Oldest home in America continuously occupied by one family; site of Patrick Henry's wedding
Lowland Cottage Ware Neck, Virginia 1670
Belle Air Plantation Charles City County, Virginia 1670
Adam Keeling House Adam Keeling House.jpg Virginia Beach, Virginia 1680
St. Luke's Church Newport parish west facade.jpg Smithfield, Virginia ca. 1682 a recent dendrochronology study confirms the preponderance of other research pointing to early 1680s construction.
Building east of main house at Elsing Green Tunstall, Virginia 1690
Wren Building Rear view of the Wren Building, College of William & Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia, USA (2008-04-23).jpg Williamsburg, Virginia 1695 Oldest school building in America, original College of William and Mary structure[7]
Grace Church Grace Church Yorktown Virginia by Frances Benjamin Johnston.jpg Yorktown, Virginia 1697
The Hermitage Hermitage house va beach 9 2012 (1).JPG Virginia Beach, Virginia 1700
Abingdon Glebe House Abingdon Glebe House, U.S. Route 17 vicinity, Gloucester vicinity Gloucester County, Virginia).jpg Gloucester, Virginia 1700
St. Peter's Church St. Peter's Church, State Route 642, Tunstall vicinity (New Kent County, Virginia).jpg New Kent, Virginia 1703 Church of Martha Washington, George and Martha Washington may have been married here
Yeocomico Church YeocomicoChurch.jpg Tucker Hill, Virginia 1706 National Historic Landmark
Ware Parish Church Ware Church, State Route 3, Gloucester vicinity (Gloucester County, Virginia).jpg Gloucester, Virginia 1715 Episcopal Church
Adam Thoroughgood House AdamThoroughgoodHouse1957.jpg Virginia Beach, Virginia ca. 1720 despite earlier claims, actually dates to c. 1720 [8]
Matthew Jones House Matthew Jones House facade.jpg Newport News, Virginia ca. 1725
St. George's Church (Pungoteague, Virginia) Saint Georges Episcopal Church Pungoteague.jpg Pungoteague, Virginia 1738 Oldest church on Virginia's eastern shore
Bel Air Plantation Bel Air Platation Today.jpg Prince William County, Virginia 1740 Oldest home in Prince William County, Virginia
Merchant's Hope Church Merchant's hope south.jpg Prince George County, Virginia ca. 1743 despite earlier claims of 1657 a recent dendrochronology study confirms a date of circa 1743.
Morven Park Morven Park, Leesburg VA-1.jpg Leesburg, Virginia ca. 1780 The home of Virginia Governor Westmoreland Davis. The earliest parts of the structure date from circa 1780 and was substantially expanded in the decades that followed. It is a Virginia Historic Landmark and listed on the National Resister of Historic Places.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Historic Churches of America" – Page 8 by Nellie Urner Wallington (1907)
  2. ^ http://maps.yorkcounty.gov/York/#
  3. ^ http://files.usgwarchives.net/va/schools/wmmary/quarterly/c4360001.txt
  4. ^ Dr. Stephen Mansfield; et al., eds. (2008). "50 Most Significantly Historic Houses and Structures in Virginia Beach" (PDF). Virginia Beach Historical Preservation Partnership, City of Virginia Beach Historic Resources Office. Retrieved 2015-04-14. 
  5. ^ "Virginia Beach Public Library's Digital Archives". Retrieved 2015-04-14. 
  6. ^ "Old Donation Church Old Homes". blog. Retrieved 2014-06-25. 
  7. ^ Architecture and Town Planning in Colonial North America – Page 697 by James D. Kornwolf, Georgiana Wallis Kornwolf (2002)
  8. ^ "Thoroughgood, Adam, House". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved June 27, 2008.