List of the oldest buildings in the United States

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This article attempts to list the oldest extant, freestanding buildings constructed in the United States and its territories. The list includes sites in current states and territories which were not part of the original Thirteen Colonies when the United States of America was founded in 1776. Sites on the list are generally from the First Period of American architecture or earlier.

Pre 16th Century[edit]

Building Image Location State First Built Use Notes
Ancestral Puebloan communities Dark Canyon Ruin.jpg New Mexico, Arizona, Colorado, Utah NM
AZ
CO
UT
750 – Pueblo construction begins in AD 750 and continues to present Villages Majority of settlements abandoned, but some very well preserved. Buildings have been within the US since 1848, when New Mexico was annexed.
Taos Pueblo USA 09669 Taos Pueblo Luca Galuzzi 2007.jpg north of the modern city of Taos NM 1000 – Built between 1000 and 1450 Residential Said to be the oldest continuously inhabited houses still occupied. Buildings have been within the US since 1848, when New Mexico was annexed.[1]
Acoma Pueblo AcomaPuebloReflection.gif on top of a 367-foot (112 m) sandstone mesa in Cibola County NM 1000 – Built between 1000 and 1200 Residential Said to be the oldest continuously inhabited site in the US. Buildings have been within the US since 1848, when New Mexico was annexed.

16th Century[edit]

Building Image Location State First Built Use Notes
Cathedral of San Juan Bautista San Juan Cathedral.JPG Old San Juan PR 1521 Religious Part of the San Juan National Historic Site. Oldest church building in the US and its territories, originally built in its current location (extensive additions and renovations). The Cathedral has been on US territory since Puerto Rico was annexed in 1898.
San José Church San José Catholic Church - San Juan.jpg Old San Juan PR 1532 Religious Part of the San Juan National Historic Site. Additions and renovations over the centuries. The church has been on US territory since Puerto Rico was annexed in 1898.
La Fortaleza LA FORTALEZA.jpg Old San Juan PR 1533 Government Part of the San Juan National Historic Site. Oldest executive mansion in the New World. Extensive reconstructions took place. Building has been within the US since 1898 when Puerto Rico was annexed.
Castillo San Felipe del Morro FortElMorro SanJuan PuertoRico.jpg Old San Juan PR 1539 Government Part of the San Juan National Historic Site. Construction started in 1539, with extensive additions over the centuries. Building has been within the US since 1898 when Puerto Rico was annexed.

17th Century[edit]

Building Image Location State First Built Use Notes
Porta Coeli Porta Coeli in San Germán (Puerto Rico).jpg San Germán PR 1609 Religious The church has been on US territory since Puerto Rico was annexed in 1898.
Palace of the Governors NewMexicoPalaceSantaFe.jpg Santa Fe NM 1610 Government Oldest seat of colonial government (Spanish). Building has been within the US since 1848, when New Mexico was annexed.[2]
San Miguel Mission Santa Fe San miguel chapel.jpg Santa Fe NM 1610 Government/religious Said to be the oldest church structure built in the US. The original adobe walls and altar were built by the Tlaxcalan Indians from Mexico, but much of the structure was rebuilt in 1710. Building has been within the US since 1848 when New Mexico was annexed.[3]
Fairbanks House FairbanksHouse2013.jpg Dedham MA 1637 Residential Oldest house in the United States of timber-frame construction. Date verified using dendrochronology.[4]
C. A. Nothnagle Log House Nothnagle Log House.JPG Gibbstown NJ 1638 – c. 43 Residential Purportedly the oldest surviving log house in the US and the oldest house in New Jersey.
A carpenter's shed Gardiners Island NY 1639 Residential The oldest surviving wooden structure built in New York and was purportedly built when Lion Gardiner first settled on the island.
Henry Whitfield House Henry-whitfield-house-ct.png Guilford CT 1639 Residential Oldest stone American Colonial house;[5] oldest house in Connecticut.
Jamestown Church Jamestown Church, Historic Jamestowne, Colonial National Historical Park, Jamestown, Virginia (14239034848).jpg Jamestown VA 1639–43 Religious Oldest church building in the eastern US (though only the foundations remain from the original brick building).
Loomis Homestead PostcardWindsorCTLoomisHomestead1910.jpg Windsor CT 1640 Residential One of the oldest timber-frame houses in America. The oldest part of the house was built in 1640 by Joseph Loomis, who came to America from England in 1638. Later additions to the Loomis house were made around the turn of the 18th century. It is now a part of the Loomis Chaffee School.
Richard Sparrow House Richard Sparrow House in Plymouth Massachusetts.jpg Plymouth MA 1640 Residential Oldest house in Plymouth, Massachusetts.
Broad Bay Manor Virginia Beach VA c. 1640 or c. 1660 Residential Purportedly the oldest extant European-built house in the southeastern United States. Built by Thomas Allen either c. 1640[6] or c. 1660[7] on land granted to him by Governor Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr. The small center portion of what is now a much larger structure, it was primarily constructed from Flemish bond brick. Corroborative dating efforts have not been performed. It has always been a private residence. It is located in the Broad Bay Colony part of northeastern Virginia Beach.[8]
Lower Swedish Cabin LowerSwedishCabin.JPG Drexel Hill PA c. 1640–50 Residential One of the earliest extant examples of Swedish log construction in the United States.[9]
Wing Fort House Wing Fort House exterior.jpg East Sandwich MA 1641[10] Residential Oldest home in New England continuously owned by the same family; now a museum.[10]
Thomas Wheeler House BridgeportCT BlackRockHD JohnWheelerHouse.jpg Fairfield CT 1644–1680 Residential Core from 1644, expanded 1680, oldest house in Bridgeport Black Rock Harbor, residence.
De Vargas Street House Oldest House in Santa Fe New Mexico.jpg Santa Fe NM 1646 Residential Previously alleged to be oldest house in the US and Santa Fe.
General Israel Putnam House Putnam House, Danvers, Massachusetts - front view.JPG Danvers MA c. 1648 Residential Recorded in the National Register of Historic Places. The house is now operated by the Danvers Historical Society and open by appointment.
Old House The-old-house-cutchogue.jpg Cutchogue NY 1649 Residential One of the oldest houses in the state; moved in 1661 to present site from Southold.
Pickering House Pickering House - Salem, Massachusetts.JPG Salem MA 1651 Residential Located in the Chestnut Street District.
Home of Henry Adams Medfield MA 1652 Residential Home of Henry Adams, the great uncle of President John Adams, who was killed on the doorstep of this home by Metacomet's Indians.
Wyckoff House Wyckoff-house.jpg Brooklyn NY 1652 Residential Oldest house in New York City.[11]
Block House Block house02.jpg Claymont DE 1654 Residential One of the oldest structures in Delaware, built by the Swedish.
Ryves Holt House Oldestindela.jpg Lewes DE 1655 Residential Purportedly the oldest house in Delaware.
Lent-Riker-Smith Homestead Lent Homestead 01.JPG East Elmhurst NY 1656 Residential Oldest occupied residential structure in Queens, NY.
Newman-Fiske-Dodge House Newman-Fiske-Dodge House.jpg Wenham MA 1658 Residential Added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1990.
Old Halsey House OldHalseyHouseSouthhampton.jpg Southampton NY 1660 Residential Built by Thomas Halsey, an English pioneer, the house is now a museum.
Stephen Northup House Stephen Northrup House North Kingstown RI.jpg North Kingstown RI ca. 1660-1661 (possibly rebuilt) Residential possibly burned during King Philip's War in the 1670s and rebuilt, later modifications 1712, 1850, 2004
Thomas Lee House Thomas Lee House, East Lyme (New London County, Connecticut).jpg East Lyme CT 1660–64 Residential One of the oldest wood frame houses in Connecticut still in its primitive state.
James Blake House James Blake House, Dorchester, Massachusetts - exterior.JPG Boston MA c. 1661 Residential Oldest house in the city of Boston.
John Bowne House John Bowne House (WTM by official-ly cool 078).jpg Flushing, Queens NY c. 1661 Residential Listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1977.
Reverend James Keith Parsonage Reverend James Keith Parsonage, West Bridgewater MA.jpg West Bridgewater MA 1662 Residential Preserved and maintained by the Old Bridgewater Historical Society.
Bronck House Bronck-house.jpg Coxsackie NY 1663 Residential Oldest house in upstate New York.
Richard Jackson House Jackson House, Portsmouth, NH.jpg Portsmouth NH 1664 Residential Oldest house in New Hampshire.[12]
Pickman House PickmanHouse Salem Massachusetts.jpg Salem MA 1664 Residential Located on Charter Street behind the Peabody Essex Museum, the oldest continually operated museum in America. The house abuts the Witch Memorial and is also next to the second oldest burying ground in America. The house is private, owned by the Peabody Essex Museum and not open for tours.
Gedney House Gedney House (exterior) - Salem, Massachusetts.JPG Salem MA 1665 Residential Allegedly the second oldest house in the City of Salem, located in the Chestnut Street District and operated as a non-profit museum by Historic New England. The house is rarely open to the public, though private tours can be arranged.
Bacon's Castle Bacons Castle 2006.jpg Surry VA 1665 Residential Located at 465 Bacon's Castle Trail in Surry, VA, this is perhaps the oldest non-ruined building with satisfactorily credible age authentication still standing in the Commonwealth of Virginia and one of the oldest brick buildings still standing in the United States. If Broad Bay Manor's age is authenticated, it could predate Bacon's Castle by up to 25 years.
Billiou-Stillwell-Perine House Perine-house.JPG Staten Island NY 1665 c. Residential Built by Pierre Billiou, a French Huguenot pioneer, the house is now a museum.
Alexander Standish House Alexander Standish House in Duxbury MA.jpg Duxbury MA 1666 Residential Home of the son of Pilgrim Capt. Miles Standish.
Jabez Howland House Jabez Howland House in Plymouth MA.jpg Plymouth MA 1667 Residential Only extant house in Plymouth occupied by Pilgrims. John Howland and his wife, Elizabeth Tilley Howland, who both came over on the Mayflower, spent their winters here with their son, Jabez, one of their ten children. Also a National Historic Landmark.[13]
Peter Tufts House Peter Tufts House, Medford, Massachusetts.JPG Medford MA 1667-1668 Residential Some historians consider it to be the oldest all-brick house in the United States.
House of the Seven Gables House of the Seven Gables (front angle) - Salem, Massachusetts.jpg Salem MA 1668 Residential National Historic Landmark, setting of the Nathaniel Hawthorne novel.
Timothy Knapp House Knapp House Rye NY DSCN2033.jpg Rye NY 1670 Residential Considered the oldest residential property in Westchester County, New York. The property has been owned by only five families between 1663 and 1992. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1992.
Abraham Manee House Maneeseguine5 Staten Island NY 1670 Residential The Abraham Manee House, also known as the Manee-Seguine Homestead, is a three-part Colonial Dutch dwelling similar to the Billiou-Stillwell-Perine House in Old Town, and was designated a New York City landmark in 1984.
Stanton-Davis Homestead Museum StantonDavis.JPG Stonington CT 1670–1700 Farmhouse The farm has been worked every year since 1654.
Ephraim Hawley House Ephraim Hawley House Jan 2011.JPG Trumbull CT 1670–90 Residential Oldest house in the historic area of Nichols.
Newport Tower DSCN3887 newporttower e.jpg Newport RI 1670 c. (disputed to be older) Commercial Colonial windmill.[14] No roof or floors since the mid-18th century.
Nehemiah Royce House Nehemiah Royce House, Wallingford, Connecticut.JPG Wallingford CT 1672 Residential A typical saltbox, this house was visited by George Washington in 1775.
John Woodward House John Woodward House, Waban MA.jpg Newton MA c. 1671 Residential Built by John Woodward in what is now the Waban neighborhood, this is one of the oldest homes in Newton. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Castillo de San Marcos Fort2.jpg St. Augustine FL 1672–95 Government Oldest masonry fortification in the United States.
White Horse Tavern White Horse Tavern Newport.JPG Newport RI 1673 Tavern Oldest tavern in America.[15]
Old Trinity Church, Maryland Maryland Cambridge Old Trinity Church01.jpg Church Creek MD 1675 Religious Church building in continuous use; as such, oldest in the US.[16]
Narbonne House Narbonne House - Salem, Massachusetts.JPG Salem MA 1675 Residential On the Waterfront in Salem and owned by the National Park Service.
Conference House Conference-house-staten-island.jpg Staten Island NY c. 1675 Residential Only pre-Revolutionary manor house still surviving in New York City.
Hoxie House Hoxie House, Sandwich, Massachusetts.jpg Sandwich MA c. 1675 Residential One of the oldest houses on Cape Cod.
The Witch House The witch house salem 2009.JPG Salem MA c. 1675 Residential Also called the Jonathan Corwin House, this was the home of Judge Jonathan Corwin [17] and is the only structure still standing in Salem, Massachusetts with direct ties to the Salem witch trials of 1692.[18] Even though Jonathan Corwin's descendants claim the house was built in 1642, most historians now believe the house was built c. 1675.[19] The house, located in the Chestnut Street District, is now a museum operated by the City of Salem and is open seasonally.
Edward Sewall Garrison ExeterNH EdwardSewallGarrison.jpg Exeter NH 1676 Residential
Harlow Old Fort House Harlow Old Fort House in Plymouth MA.jpg Plymouth MA 1677 Residential Built in 1677 by Sergeant William Harlow, using timbers from the Pilgrims' original fort on Burial Hill.
Edward Searle House Searle.Edward.House.Oaklawn.RI.20110721.jpg Cranston RI 1677 Residential The house was rebuilt in 1677 on the site of the original 1670 structure, destroyed by Native Americans during King Philip's War.
John Whipple House Ipswich 004.jpg Ipswich MA 1677 Residential In 2005 a dendrochronology test determined that the earliest surviving part of the house was actually built in 1677. A major addition of roughly equal size was built in 1690, and there are various later additions.
Coffin House Coffinhouse2007.jpg Newbury MA c. 1678 Residential Built by Tristram Coffin, Jr., in 1678, the property remained within the Coffin family until acquired by Historic New England in 1929. It is now a museum.
Smith's Castle Smith's Castle, Wickford, RI.jpg Wickford RI 1678 Residential One of the oldest houses in Rhode Island, now a museum.
Clement Weaver House Clement Weaver House Daniel Howland House in East Greenwich RI.jpg East Greenwich RI 1679 Residential Oldest privately owned house in Rhode Island.[20]
John Balch House John Balch House - Beverly, Massachusetts.JPG Beverly MA c. 1679 Residential John Balch received the deed to the land on which the house sits in 1635; the building was constructed by Balch's son and grandson in 1678/1679,[21] and is one of the oldest continuously privately deeded properties in the United States. The original structure in the front dates to 1679, while the back half addition is dated to 1721;[21] these data have been verified using dendrochronology.
Peak House Peak House, Medfield MA.jpg Medfield MA 1680 Residential One of the earliest surviving examples of Post-medieval English (Elizabethan) architecture in the United States. Was originally built in 1651 but was reconstructed after it was burned down during King Philip's War.
Paul Revere House Paul Revere House side view.jpg Boston MA c. 1680 Residential Oldest building in downtown Boston.[22]
William Penn Guest House New Castle DE c. 1680 Residential Oldest buildings in New Castle.[citation needed] Purportedly where William Penn lodged after first arrival in America.
John Adams Birthplace John Adams birthplace, Quincy, Massachusetts.JPG Quincy MA 1681 Farmhouse Oldest existing building within which a future President of the United States was born (John Adams, October 30, 1735)

[23]

Old Ship Church Old Ship Church Postcard.jpg Hingham MA 1681 Religious Oldest church in continuous ecclesiastical use in the United States; only remaining 17th century Puritan meeting house in America.[24]
St. Luke's Church Newport parish west facade.jpg Smithfield VA 1682 Religious Recent dendrochronology studies confirm the 1682 date of this National Historic Landmark.[25]
Wall House Wall house front.JPG Cheltenham Township PA 1682 Residential Possibly the oldest stone house in Pennsylvania. Built for Richard Wall, the founder of Cheltenham Township.
Third Haven Meeting House Thirdhaven.jpg Talbot County MD 1682 Religious Oldest Quaker meeting house in the United States.
Parson Capen House Parson Capen House - Topsfield, Massachusetts.JPG Topsfield MA 1683 Residential The house was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1960.[26] The Topsfield Historical Society currently operates it as a historic house museum.[27]
Caleb Pusey House ACalebPuseyHouse.JPG Upland PA 1683 Residential Only extant building known to have been visited by William Penn. Completed in 1696.
Old Indian Meeting House Old Indian Meetinghouse.jpg Mashpee MA 1684 Religious Oldest Native American church.
John Ward House John Ward House.jpg Salem MA 1684 Residential The John Ward House is a National Historic Landmark at 132 Essex Street in Salem, Massachusetts, located in the Downtown Salem District and added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1968.
Old Dutch Church of Sleepy Hollow Old Dutch Church, Sleepy Hollow, NY.jpg Sleepy Hollow NY 1685 Religious Oldest church in the State of New York.
Sign of the Bird in Hand Sign of the Bird in Hand Newtown Borough PA 1686 Tavern Originally a residence, then tavern with other uses. Oldest frame house still standing in Pennsylvania. Famous as the site of the 1778 Newtown Skirmish during which Loyalists killed 5 and captured 16 to acquire cloth being manufactured for use by Washington's troops at Valley Forge. Now a private residence.[citation needed]
Jethro Coffin House Jethro Coffin House, Sunset Hill, Nantucket (Nantucket County, Massachusetts).jpg Nantucket MA 1686 Residential Oldest house on Nantucket.[28] It was declared a National Historic Landmark and listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1968.[29][30]
William Murray House William Murray House.jpg Salem MA 1688 Residential A historic house at 39 Essex Street.
Wilbor House Wilbor House in Little Compton RI.jpg Little Compton RI 1690 Residential Added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2007, the house serves as the headquarters of the Little Compton Historical Society.
Acadian House Acadian House Northwest View HABS 1936.jpg Guilford CT c. 1690 Residential The house gets its name after the Acadians who resided there following the 1755 Great Expulsion.[31]
Farmar Mill MathersMillPA.JPG Fort Washington PA c. 1690 Mill Oldest surviving mill in Pennsylvania.
Spencer-Peirce-Little Farm Spencer-Peirce-Little Farm (front) - Newbury, Massachusetts.JPG Newbury MA c. 1690 Residential One of the oldest stone buildings in New England, now a nonprofit museum.
Hyland-Wildman House Hylandhouse guilfordct.jpg Guilford CT 1690 – c. 1710 Residential Open to the public since 1918.[32] Listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1976.
Thomas Hastings House NewtonMA 215BrooklineStreet.jpg Newton MA c. 1693 Residence Built by Thomas Hastings circa 1693 and listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Old Quaker Meeting House Old-quaker-house-flushing.jpg Flushing, Queens NY 1694 Religious The only surviving example in New York State of a typical 17th century ecclesiastical frame structure of medieval design.[33]
Pink House Pink-house-charleston-sc1.jpg Charleston SC 1694–1712 Residential Built by John Breton in the city's French Quarter, the house is one of the oldest buildings in South Carolina and the oldest building in Charleston.
Abraham Browne House Browne House - Watertown, Massachusetts.JPG Watertown MA c. 1694–1701 Residential Built by Abraham Browne, the house is the oldest remaining in Watertown. It is owned by Historic New England and listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Wren Building Rear view of the Wren Building, College of William & Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia, USA (2008-04-23).jpg Williamsburg VA 1695 School Oldest school building in America, original The College of William & Mary structure.[34]
Merion Friends Meeting House Merion Friends Meeting House, 615 Montgomery Avenue (changed from Montgomery Avenue & Meetinghouse Lane), Merion Station (Montgomery County, Pennsylvania).jpg Merion Station PA 1695 Religious One of the oldest Quaker meeting houses in America.
John Sherburne House Strawbery Banke Museum, Portsmouth, New Hampshire LCCN2011631411.tif Portsmouth NH 1695 Residential
Holy Trinity Church Old Swedes Front.JPG Wilmington DE 1698–99 Religious Oldest Swedish church in the United States. The building was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1961.[35]
Great Friends Meeting House Newport Friends Meetinghouse.JPG Newport RI 1699 Religious Expanded in 1730, 1807, 1857, and 1867 to accommodate the New England Yearly Meeting of Friends.
Hoyt-Barnum House Hoyt-BarnumHouse.jpg Stamford CT c. 1699 Residential The builder was a descendant of one of the original founders of Stamford. The structure is owned and maintained as a museum by the Stamford Historical Society.
Middleburg Plantation Middleburg Planation (Berkeley County, South Carolina).jpg Huger SC c. 1699 Residential Possibly the oldest building in South Carolina. It was a plantation built by a French Huguenot Benjamin Simons in 1699 on the Cooper River near Huger, South Carolina.

18th Century[edit]

Building Image Location State First Built Use Notes
Benoni Fox House Benoni fox farm house 1700.jpg Concord MA 1700 Residential This is one of the oldest buildings of the Fox family in the United States.
Gloria Dei (Old Swedes') Church Gloria Dei Church.jpg Philadelphia PA 1700 Religious Oldest surviving church in Philadelphia.
Edward Morgan Log House Morgan Log House.jpg Towamencin PA 1700 Residential Home to the maternal grandfather of Daniel Boone and Daniel Morgan
Brinton 1704 House Brinton 1704 House & Historic Site.jpg West Chester PA 1704 Residential One of the oldest houses in Pennsylvania. Built by a Quaker family. A National Historic Landmark and listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Wayside Inn Historic District Wayside Inn1.jpg Sudbury MA 1707 Residential/Tavern Located on the Old Boston Post Road and made famous in a collection of poems by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow.
The Hosmer Homestead Hosmer Homestead, Concord MA.jpg Concord MA c. 1707 – 1710 Residential The Hosmer Homestead, also known as the Hosmer/Baker Farm, is an historic house at 138 Baker Avenue in Concord, Massachusetts. The oldest portion of this 2-1/2 story wood frame house was probably built c. 1707 - 1710 by Stephen Hosmer, based on architectural evidence. The property has a long association with the Hosmer family, who were early settlers of Concord and who have played a significant role in the growth and civic life of the town. The house interior has well-preserved Georgian woodwork and plaster.
McIntire Garrison House YorkME McIntireGarrisonHouse.jpg York ME 1707 or later Residential/Military Possibly the oldest building in Maine.
Buckman Tavern Buckman Tavern, Lexington, Massachusetts.JPG Lexington MA 1709-1710 Tavern It played a prominent role in the Battle of Lexington and Concord in 1775. It was declared a National Historic Landmark and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Buttolph-Williams House Buttolph-Williams House.jpg Wethersfield CT 1711 Residential One of the oldest surviving homes in Wethersfield, declared a National Historic Landmark in 1968.[36]
The Powder Magazine PowderMagazine.jpg Charleston SC 1713 Government Oldest public building in South Carolina. The Powder Magazine Museum.
Old State House Old State House Boston Massachusetts2.jpg Boston MA 1713 Government Oldest surviving public building in Boston. The Bostonian Society Museum.
Perth Amboy City Hall Perth Amboy City Hall Perth Amboy NJ 1714–17 Government Oldest city hall in US.
Benjamin Flagg House Benjamin Flagg House Worcester MA.jpg Worcester MA c. 1717 Residential Built by Capt. Benjamin Flagg, it is the oldest remaining home in Worcester. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Lane House Lane House (1719).JPG Edenton NC 1718–19 Residential Oldest house in North Carolina identified by dendrochronology.
Massachusetts Hall Harvard University Massachusetts Hall.jpg Cambridge MA 1718–20 School Oldest extant building at Harvard University.
King of Prussia Inn King of Prussia Inn February 2017.jpg King of Prussia PA 1719 Tavern Granted its name to the town that grew up around it.
Garretson Forge and Farm PeterGarretsonFarmhouse.jpg Fair Lawn NJ 1720 Residential One of the oldest homes in Bergen County, New Jersey.
Bray House Old Bray House, Kittery Point, ME.jpg Kittery Point ME c. 1720 Residential Built on the site of an earlier structure built in c. 1662, it is among the oldest houses in Maine.[37]
Wayside Cottage Wayside Inn, Post Road and Wayside Lane, Scarsdale, Westchester County, NY HABS NY,60-SCARD,2-2.tif Scarsdale NY c. 1720 Residential One of the oldest houses in Westchester County, NY. Owned and operated by the Junior League of Central Westchester.
Strode's Mill Strodes Mill.jpg West Chester PA C. 1721 Residential
Gonzalez-Alvarez House St Aug NHL Gonzalez-Alvarez01.jpg St. Augustine FL c. 1723 Residential Probably constructed between 1723 and 1790.[38] Oldest house in St. Augustine, the oldest continuously occupied European-established city in the continental United States.[39]
Alamo Mission Long Barracks Alamo 1920.jpg San Antonio TX c. 1724 Religious The Alamo Chapel and Priests quarters and convent (Long Barracks) in San Antonio. In the center of the surrounding area are the remains of the "Long Barracks" which were constructed 20 years before the Chapel. Founded in 1718 and moved to present site 1724.
Reuben Brown House ReubenBrownHouse.JPG Concord MA 1725 Residential Built in 1725 by the town saddler, Reuben Brown. There is also a strong tradition that the house was the home of Peter Bulkeley, which is why the house is often referred to as the Peter Bulkeley / Reuben Brown House. The evidence is still unclear whether or not the Bulkeleys did build the house some 300 years ago. What historians can conclude, however, is that the house was either completely updated or built by Reuben Brown in 1725, since most of the house's present features are typical of houses from 1700 to 1730.
Fort Niagara French castle at Fort Niagara 2.JPG Youngstown NY 1726 Fortification Built in 1726 by the French as a "house of peace". Taken by the British in 1759, the fledgling United States regained control by treaty in 1796. It was lost to the British in 1813, but was relinquished as a result of the Treaty of Ghent, and has remained in the hands of the United States ever since.
James Smith House NeedhamMA JamesSmithHouse.jpg Needham MA 1727–1728 Residential The house was built by James Smith, a recent Irish immigrant. HIs son, Captain Robert Smith, who commanded one of the militia companies from Needham engaged in the fighting the day of the Battle of Concord Bridge, may have been born and lived here.
48 Hudson Avenue 48 Hudson Ave Albany.jpg Albany NY 1728 Residential Oldest stand-alone structure in Albany.
Findowrie Findowrie house, Albemarle County, Virginia circa 1730.jpg Albemarle County VA 1730 Residential Claimed as the oldest unaltered residence in Virginia.[citation needed]
Williams House, Historic Deerfield Old Main Street Looking North, Deerfield, MA.jpg Deerfield MA c. 1730 Residential One of the oldest houses in Old Deerfield, although extensively remodeled in the 19th century. The original area of Deerfield has been preserved and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Ephrata Cloister Ephrata cloister.jpg Lancaster County PA 1732 Religious Last surviving resident of the Ephrata Cloister religious community died on July 27, 2008, at the age of 98.
Quackenbush House Quackenbush House 2011 1.jpg Albany NY 1736 Residential Until recently considered the oldest house and structure in the city of Albany and listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Currently the location of the Olde English Pub & Pantry.
Oxford Furnace Oxford NJ USA Oxford Furnance Tom ZmudaIMG 5709.JPG Oxford Township NJ 1741 Furnace First hot blast furnace in the United States.
Fort Matanzas Ft Matanzas 2008.JPG St. Johns County FL 1740–42 Presidio Designated a United States National Monument on October 15, 1924.[40]
Old Ursuline Convent Chartres14Jan2008UrsulineConvent.jpg New Orleans LA 1748 (or 1752) Religious Considered the oldest building in Louisiana, and perhaps the oldest building in the Mississippi River Valley[41]
Presidio La Bahía Presidio La Bahía.jpg Goliad TX 1749 Presidio The best preserved Spanish presidio in the United States.
Parlange Plantation House Historic American Buildings Survey Richard Koch, Photographer, September, 1936 FRONT ELEVATION (NORTHEAST) - Parlange Plantation, State Highway 93, New Roads, Pointe Coupee HABS LA,39-NEWRO.V,1-2 Mix LA 1750 Plantation One of the oldest plantation homes in the South and perhaps the oldest building in the Mississippi Valley
Mount Holly Firehouse Old firehouse mt holly.jpg Mount Holly NJ 1752 Firehouse Oldest firehouse in the US, established by what is now the oldest continuously operating volunteer fire department in the US.[42][43]
Fort de Chartres Powder Magazine Fort de Chartres powder magazine 1-02Aug07.jpg Prairie du Rocher IL 1753–1756 Government Oldest building in Illinois.
Pirates' House Pirates House (8062128383).jpg Savannah GA c. 1754 Mix Possibly the oldest building in Georgia, and the oldest building in the city of Savannah.
Josiah Day House Josiah Day House.jpg West Springfield MA c. 1754 Residential It is believed to be the oldest known brick saltbox style house in the U.S. The home is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
LaPointe-Krebs House OldSpanishFort Pascagoula July 2006.jpg Pascagoula MS 1757 Mix The oldest building in Mississippi, and the state's only surviving French Colonial structure.
Proprietary House ProprietaryHousePerthAmboy.JPG Perth Amboy NJ 1762 Government Oldest remaining colonial proprietary governor's residence in the original Thirteen States.
Touro Synagogue Touro external.png Newport RI 1763 Religious Oldest synagogue building in the United States.[44]
Fort Pitt Blockhouse Bouquet blockhouse.JPG Pittsburgh PA 1764 Defense Oldest structure in Pittsburgh. One of the oldest colonial structures west of the Allegheny mountains.
Sandy Hook Light SH Light crop.jpg Sandy Hook NJ 1764 Lighthouse Oldest original lighthouse in US.
University Hall (Brown University) BrownUniversity-UniversityHall.jpg Providence RI 1770 School Oldest extant building at Brown University
Maryland State House 1Maryland State Capitol Bldg..JPG Annapolis MD 1772 Government Oldest state house in continuous use in the United States.
Mission San Juan Capistrano MSJC by John Gutzon-Borglum.jpg San Juan Capistrano CA 1776 Mission Oldest surviving building in California.
Fuller-Bemis House WalthamMA FullerBemisHouse.jpg Waltham MA c. 1776 Residential One of the oldest surviving homes in Waltham. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Christopher Taylor House Jonesborough-chris-taylor1.jpg Jonesborough TN 1778 Residential Possibly the oldest building in Tennessee, along with The Carter Mansion .[45]
Officer's Stone Quarters Fort Mackianc, 2014 n8.JPG Fort Mackinac MI 1780 Military Oldest building in Michigan.[46]
Hessian Barracks Hessian Barracks MD1.jpg Frederick MD c. 1780 Military Possibly dating back to the French and Indian Wars (1754-1763), used as barracks for Hessian mercenaries during the American Revolutiony War. On the grounds of the Maryland School for the Deaf.[47]
Morven Park Morven Park, Leesburg VA-1.jpg Leesburg VA c. 1780 Residential Home of Virginia Governor Westmoreland Davis. The earliest parts of the structure were built circa 1780 and the building was significantly expanded in the decades that followed. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Historic Locust Grove Locust Grove closeup.JPG Louisville KY 1790 Residential Possibly the oldest building in Kentucky. In close competition with Old Providence Church, Hawkins House[disambiguation needed], Jacob Eversole Cabin, John Andrew Miller House, Millspring, and the Zachary Taylor House
Carpenter House RehobothMA CarpenterHouse.jpg Rehoboth MA c. 1789 Residential Built by Thomas Carpenter III circa 1789 using older materials from a building that was already on the site. The home is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Ohio Company Land Office Ohio Company Land Office 2010 08 25.JPG Marietta OH 1791 Commercial The oldest building in Ohio.
Louis Bolduc House Bolduc House and Detached Kitchen in Ste Genevieve MO.jpg Ste. Geneviève MO 1792 Residential The oldest building in Missouri.
Mission San Xavier del Bac San Xavier del Bac 01.jpg Tohono O’odham San Xavier Indian Reservation AZ 1797 Mission Oldest European structure in Arizona.[48]
Molalla Log House Molalla OR 1799–1813 Residential/military It is potentially the oldest building in Oregon and was possibly constructed by Russian colonists or other fur traders.[49] The next closet contenders are the Methodist Mission Parsonage c.1841, the Jason Lee House c.1841, the Delaney-Edwards House c.1845, the John McLoughlin House c.1846, and the John D. Boon House c. 1846

19th Century[edit]

Building Image Location State First Built Use Notes
Grouseland Grouseland front and southern side.jpg Vincennes IN 1804 Residential Possibly the oldest building in Indiana. It is in close competition with the Indiana Territorial Capitol.
Joel Eddins House Joel Eddins House.jpg Huntsville AL 1808 Residential The oldest documented building in Alabama.[50]
Baranov Museum Russian-American Magazine (19925068093).jpg Kodiak AK c. 1810 Commercial The oldest building in Alaska. It was built as a storage facility by the Russian American Company.
Willow Wall Old Fields WV 1811 Residential Daniel McNell plantation house; an early West Virginia Home
The Oldest Frame House Honolulu-Mission-Houses-Bingham.JPG Honolulu HI 1820 Missionary The oldest building in Hawaii, also known as Ka Hale Lāʻau or 'the wood house'. It was shipped ready-made for assembly from Boston to house Christian missionaries.
Oak Hill OakHillfront.jpg Aldie VA 1820-1822 Residence The mansion and plantation of President James Monroe where he lived, on and off, for 22 years. It is privately owned and listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Fort Snelling Round Tower FortSnellingTower.jpg Hennepin County MN 1820–1824 Military The oldest building in Minnesota.
Rockland Rockland, Leesburg, Virginia.jpg Leesburg VA c. 1822 Residence Home of the locally prominent Rust family. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Woodruff Print Shop Little Rock AR 1824 Commercial The oldest building in the state of Arkansas.[51]
Fort Leavenworth 'The Rookery' SOUTH and WEST (FRONT) ELEVATIONS, LOOKING NORTHEAST. - Fort Leavenworth, Building No. 19, 12-14 Sumner Place, Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, KS HABS KANS,52-LEAV,1-M-2.tif Leavenworth KS 1829 Military The oldest building in Kansas.[52]
Louis Arriandeaux Log House Dubuque IA 1833 Residential The oldest building in the state of Iowa.[53]
Rancho Petaluma Adobe Photo-CA-RanchoPetaluma.jpg Petaluma CA 1835-1857 Residential/Military This large adobe ranch house was built by Colonel Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo, Commandante General of the "Free State of Alta California" (Northern California). Now known as the Petaluma Adobe State Historic Park, it is owned by the State of California and listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Log Cabin Bellevue, Nebraska log cabin from SW 1.JPG Bellevue NE c. 1835 Residential The oldest building in Nebraska. It originally served as a fur trapper's home.
Fort Gibson Barracks Fort Gibson, Barracks Building, Garrison Avenue, Fort Gibson, Muskogee County, OK HABS OKLA,51-FOGIB,1A- (sheet 3 of 14).png Fort Gibson OK c. 1840 Military The oldest building in Oklahoma.[54] In close competition with the Cherokee National Supreme Court building.[55]
Wakely Home at Point Basse Wakeleys Tavern.jpg Nekoosa WI 1842 Residential/Tavern This is possibly the oldest frame house in the state of Wisconsin.
Kittson Trading Post Walhalla Trading Post.JPG Walhalla ND 1843 Commercial The oldest building in North Dakota. It was constructed by an agent of the American Fur Company.
Old Fort Benton Blockhouse Fort Benton MT 1844 Military The oldest building in Montana. It was the last fur trading post on the Upper Missouri River and the terminus of the Mullan Road, the overland route that linked the Missouri and Columbia rivers.[56]
Cataldo Mission Cataldo Church.JPG Cataldo ID 1848 Mission Oldest standing building in Idaho.
Fort Laramie 'Old Bedlam' Building Fort Laramie NHS Old Bedlam Haus.jpg Torrington WY 1849 Military Oldest documented building still standing in Wyoming. It served as a major fur trading post and diplomatic site during the 19th century.
Fort Nisqually Granary The Fort Nisqually Granary.jpg Tacoma WA 1851 Military Oldest building in Washington State.
Old Las Vegas Mormon Fort Old Mormon Fort (8227858878).jpg Las Vegas, Nevada NV 1855 Military The oldest European-American structure in Nevada.[57]
Fort Garland Officer's Quarters and Barracks FORT GARLAND, COLORADO - NARA - 524031.jpg Fort Garland CO 1858 Military The oldest European-American buildings still standing in Colorado. In close competition with Four Mile House c. 1859.[57]
Fort Sisseton Historic American Buildings Survey, Charles E. Peterson, Photographer July 29, 1940 VIEW FROM SOUTHWEST. - Fort Sisseton, North Barracks, Sisseton, Roberts County, SD HABS SD,55-SIST,1B-1.tif Britton SD 1864 Military The oldest structures still standing in South Dakota.[58]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  5. ^ Lathrop, Elsie (2006). Historic Houses of Early America. New York: Kessinger. p. 305. 
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  38. ^ ""The Oldest House" The Gonzalez-Alvarez House". NATIONAL REGISTER OF HISTORIC PLACES. Retrieved 9 March 2016. 
  39. ^ "Oldest House Museum". Florida Heritage Tourism Interactive Catalog. Florida's Office of Cultural and Historical Programs. 2007-09-23. 
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  53. ^ Geocaching. "Iowa's Oldest Building". Retrieved 10 February 2017. 
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  55. ^ "Visit Cherokee Nation - Cherokee National Supreme Court Museum". Retrieved 10 February 2017. 
  56. ^ http://lastbestnews.com/site/2014/06/living-and-breathing-history-in-fort-benton/
  57. ^ a b "Four Mile Historic Park Four Mile House Museum". Retrieved 10 February 2017. 
  58. ^ "Fort Sisseton Historic State Park". Retrieved 10 February 2017. 

External links[edit]