List of oldest living state leaders

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This article lists the 100 longest-lived current or former heads of state or heads of government of sovereign states (often a president, prime minister or monarch) whose age can be proven beyond reasonable doubt. Leaders are not included if no reliable secondary sources have confirmed that the leader is alive within the last 10 years. Leaders currently in office are in bold on purple, with Mahathir Mohamad of Malaysia being the oldest currently-serving head of government and Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom[α] being the oldest currently-serving head of state.

List[edit]

     Currently in office

Name State Position Birth Age Living as of
1 Đỗ Mười  Vietnam Chairman of the Council of Ministers (1988–1991)
General Secretary of the Communist Party (1991–1997)
2 February 1917 101 years, 199 days 2018-07-26
2 Babiker Awadalla  Sudan Prime Minister (1969) 2 March 1917 101 years, 171 days 2018-05-26
3 Yasuhiro Nakasone  Japan Prime Minister (1982–1987) 27 May 1918 100 years, 85 days 2018-07-23
4 Hyun Soong-jong  South Korea Prime Minister (1992–1993) 26 January 1919 99 years, 206 days 2018-05-26
5 Mohammed Karim Lamrani  Morocco Prime Minister (1971–1972; 1983–1986; 1992–1994) 1 May 1919 99 years, 111 days 2018-06-22
6 Hau Pei-tsun  Taiwan President of the Executive Yuan (1990–1993) 13 July 1919 99 years, 38 days 2018-07-07
7 Javier Pérez de Cuéllar  Peru Prime Minister (2000–2001) 19 January 1920 98 years, 213 days 2018-01-19
8 Prem Tinsulanonda  Thailand Prime Minister (1980–1988)
Regent (2016)
26 August 1920 97 years, 359 days 2018-07-14
9 Tun Tin  Burma Prime Minister (1988) 2 October 1920 97 years, 322 days 2010-01-24
10 Lê Đức Anh  Vietnam President (1992–1997) 1 December 1920 97 years, 262 days 2018-07-26
11 Jean  Luxembourg Grand Duke (1964–2000) 5 January 1921 97 years, 227 days 2018-01-05
12 Mustafa Ben Halim  Libya Prime Minister (1954–1957) 29 January 1921 97 years, 203 days 2017-07-18
13 Abdelmalek Benhabyles  Algeria Chair of the Constitutional Council (1992) 27 April 1921 97 years, 115 days 2017-03-26
14 Francisco Morales-Bermúdez  Peru Prime Minister (1975)
President (1975–1980)
4 October 1921 96 years, 320 days 2018-02-16
15 Luis Echeverría  Mexico President (1970–1976) 17 January 1922 96 years, 215 days 2018-07-11
16 Lee Teng-hui  Taiwan President (1988–2000) 15 January 1923 95 years, 217 days 2018-08-10
17 Belisario Betancur  Colombia President (1982–1986) 4 February 1923 95 years, 197 days 2018-02-04
18 Khamtai Siphandon  Laos Prime Minister (1991–1998)
Chairman of the People's Revolutionary Party (1992–2006)
President (1998–2006)
8 February 1924 94 years, 193 days 2018-05-28
19 Robert Mugabe  Zimbabwe Prime Minister (1980–1987)
President (1987–2017)
21 February 1924 94 years, 180 days 2018-07-29
20 Tomiichi Murayama  Japan Prime Minister (1994–1996) 3 March 1924 94 years, 170 days 2018-04-24
21 Abderrahmane Youssoufi  Morocco Prime Minister (1998–2002) 8 March 1924 94 years, 165 days 2018-07-16
22 Kenneth Kaunda  Zambia President (1964–1991) 28 April 1924 94 years, 114 days 2018-07-25
23 Dawda Jawara  The Gambia Prime Minister (1962–1970)
President (1970–1994)
16 May 1924 94 years, 96 days 2018-01-17
24 George H. W. Bush  United States President (1989–1993) 12 June 1924 94 years, 69 days 2018-08-16
25 Daniel arap Moi  Kenya President (1978–2002) 2 September 1924 93 years, 352 days 2018-07-28
26 Jimmy Carter  United States President (1977–1981) 1 October 1924 93 years, 323 days 2018-07-03
27 Lubomír Štrougal  Czechoslovakia Prime Minister (1970–1988) 19 October 1924 93 years, 305 days 2018-01-02
28 Guillermo Rodriguez  Ecuador President (1972–1976) 4 November 1924 93 years, 289 days 2017-01-14
29 Girma Wolde-Giorgis  Ethiopia President (2001–2013) 28 December 1924 93 years, 235 days 2017-07-27
30 Abdelsalam al-Majali  Jordan Prime Minister (1993–1995; 1997–1998) 18 February 1925 93 years, 183 days 2017-12-10
31 Shehu Shagari  Nigeria President (1979–1983) 25 February 1925 93 years, 176 days 2018-02-26
32 Sibghatullah Mojaddedi  Afghanistan Acting President (1992) 21 April 1925 93 years, 121 days 2018-04-28
33 Ali Hassan Mwinyi  Tanzania President (1985–1995) 8 May 1925 93 years, 104 days 2018-07-15
34 Giorgio Napolitano  Italy President (2006–2015) 29 June 1925 93 years, 52 days 2018-06-29
35 Mahathir Mohamad  Malaysia Prime Minister (1981–2003; 2018–present) 10 July 1925 93 years, 41 days 2018-07-10
36 Ali Bozer  Turkey Acting Prime Minister (1989) 28 July 1925 93 years, 23 days 2016-09-09
37 Yang Hyong-sop  North Korea Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly (1994–1998) 1 October 1925 92 years, 323 days 2018-04-11
38 Antoine Gizenga  Congo-Kinshasa Prime Minister (2006–2008) 5 October 1925 92 years, 319 days 2018-05-10
39 Arnaldo Forlani  Italy Prime Minister (1980–1981) 8 December 1925 92 years, 255 days 2018-02-26
40 Trần Thiện Khiêm  South Vietnam Member of the Provisional Leadership Committee (1964)
Prime Minister (1969–1975)
15 December 1925 92 years, 248 days 2018-04-03
41 Valéry Giscard d'Estaing  France President (1974–1981)[β] 2 February 1926 92 years, 199 days 2018-07-03
42 Elizabeth II  United Kingdom Queen (1952–present)[α] 21 April 1926 92 years, 121 days 2018-08-10
43 Abdoulaye Wade  Senegal President (2000–2012) 29 May 1926 92 years, 83 days 2018-05-29
44 Nuon Chea Kampuchea Prime Minister (1976) 7 July 1926 92 years, 44 days 2018-01-25
45 Jiang Zemin  China General Secretary of the Communist Party (1989–2002)
President (1993–2003)
17 August 1926 92 years, 3 days 2018-06-12
46 Tulsi Giri  Nepal Prime Minister (1963; 1964–1965; 1975–1977) 26 September 1926 91 years, 328 days 2017-12-29
47 Valdas Adamkus  Lithuania President (1998–2003; 2004–2009) 3 November 1926 91 years, 290 days 2018-05-10
48 Beji Caid Essebsi  Tunisia Prime Minister (2011)
President (2014–present)
29 November 1926 91 years, 264 days 2018-01-05
49 Raif Dizdarević  Yugoslavia President of the Presidency (1988–1989) 9 December 1926 91 years, 254 days 2018-06-19
50 Roberto Suazo Córdova  Honduras President (1982–1986) 17 March 1927 91 years, 156 days 2018-03-17
51 Thanin Kraivichien  Thailand Prime Minister (1976–1977) 5 April 1927 91 years, 137 days 2017-11-15
52 Pope Benedict XVI   Vatican City Sovereign (2005–2013) 16 April 1927 91 years, 126 days 2018-08-03
53 Arturo Armando Molina  El Salvador President (1972–1977) 6 August 1927 91 years, 14 days 2017-02-28
54 Edward Babiuch  Poland Prime Minister (1980) 28 December 1927 90 years, 235 days 2014-01-31
55 Hamed Karoui  Tunisia Prime Minister (1989–1999) 30 December 1927 90 years, 233 days 2018-05-30
56 Hans Modrow  East Germany Chairman of the Council of Ministers (1989–1990) 27 January 1928 90 years, 205 days 2018-06-05
57 Ciriaco De Mita  Italy Prime Minister (1988–1989) 2 February 1928 90 years, 199 days 2018-06-23
58 Kim Yong-nam  North Korea Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly (1998–present) 4 February 1928 90 years, 197 days 2018-06-15
59 Arthur Dion Hanna  Bahamas Governor-General (2006–2010) 7 March 1928 90 years, 166 days 2018-03-08
60 Fidel Ramos  Philippines President (1992–1998) 18 March 1928 90 years, 155 days 2018-06-01
61 Sisavath Keobounphanh  Laos Prime Minister (1998–2001) 1 May 1928 90 years, 111 days 2017-04-27
62 Hosni Mubarak  Egypt President (1981–2011)
Prime Minister (1981–1982)
4 May 1928 90 years, 108 days 2018-05-05
63 Arnold Rüütel  Estonia Chairman of the Supreme Council (1991–1992)
President (2001–2006)
10 May 1928 90 years, 102 days 2018-05-10
64 Sir Arthur Foulkes  Bahamas Governor-General (2010–2014) 11 May 1928 90 years, 101 days 2018-05-11
65 Enrique Bolaños  Nicaragua President (2002–2007) 13 May 1928 90 years, 99 days 2018-05-26
66 Balakh Sher Mazari  Pakistan Acting Prime Minister (1993) 8 July 1928 90 years, 43 days 2016-12-18
67 Belaid Abdessalam  Algeria Prime Minister (1992–1993) 20 July 1928 90 years, 31 days 2017-05-24
68 Chung Won-shik  South Korea Prime Minister (1991–1992) 5 August 1928 90 years, 15 days 2018-06-25
69 Péter Boross  Hungary Prime Minister (1993–1994) 27 August 1928 89 years, 358 days 2018-01-28
70 Zhu Rongji  China Premier of the State Council (1998–2003) 1 October 1928 89 years, 323 days 2018-06-01
71 Kåre Willoch  Norway Prime Minister (1981–1986) 3 October 1928 89 years, 321 days 2018-05-16
72 Borisav Jović  Yugoslavia President of the Presidency (1990–1991) 19 October 1928 89 years, 305 days 2017-07-25
73 Li Peng  China Premier of the State Council (1988–1998) 20 October 1928 89 years, 304 days 2018-05-26
74 Vitaliy Masol  Ukraine Prime Minister (1994–1995) 14 November 1928 89 years, 279 days 2018-05-02
75 Miloš Radulović  Yugoslavia Acting Federal President (1993) 22 February 1929 89 years, 179 days 2016-09-12
76 Poul Schlüter  Denmark Prime Minister (1982–1993) 3 April 1929 89 years, 139 days 2018-04-03
77 Christos Sartzetakis  Greece President (1985–1990) 6 April 1929 89 years, 136 days 2017-10-20
78 Édouard Balladur  France Prime Minister (1993–1995) 2 May 1929 89 years, 110 days 2018-05-30
79 Sam Nujoma  Namibia President (1990–2005) 12 May 1929 89 years, 100 days 2018-05-12
80 Otar Patsatsia  Georgia Prime Minister (1993–1995) 15 May 1929 89 years, 97 days 2016-09-10
81 Karolos Papoulias  Greece President (2005–2015) 4 June 1929 89 years, 77 days 2018-03-26
82 John Turner  Canada Prime Minister (1984) 7 June 1929 89 years, 74 days 2017-11-06
83 Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah  Kuwait Prime Minister (2003–2006)
Emir (2006–present)
16 June 1929 89 years, 65 days 2018-01-08
84 Sir Orville Turnquest  Bahamas Governor-General (1995–2001) 19 July 1929 89 years, 32 days 2017-04-12
85 Jamshid bin Abdullah  Zanzibar Sultan (1963–1964) 16 September 1929 88 years, 338 days 2016-07-29
86 Nikolai Ryzhkov  Soviet Union Chairman of the Council of Ministers (1985–1991) 28 September 1929 88 years, 326 days 2018-04-27
87 Mir Hazar Khan Khoso  Pakistan Acting Prime Minister (2013) 30 September 1929 88 years, 324 days 2017-01-02
88 Violeta Chamorro  Nicaragua Member of the Junta of National Reconstruction (1979–1980)
President (1990–1997)
18 October 1929 88 years, 306 days 2017-08-25
89 Muhammad Rafiq Tarar  Pakistan President (1998–2001) 2 November 1929 88 years, 291 days 2017-12-25
90 Alfred Moisiu  Albania President (2002–2007) 1 December 1929 88 years, 262 days 2017-09-24
91 Bob Hawke  Australia Prime Minister (1983–1991) 9 December 1929 88 years, 254 days 2018-05-24
92 Selim Hoss  Lebanon President of the Council of Ministers (1976–1980; 1987–1990; 1998–2000)
Acting President (1988–1989; 1989)
20 December 1929 88 years, 243 days 2018-07-03
Lee Hyun-jae  South Korea Prime Minister (1988) 2016-05-30
Milan Panić  Yugoslavia Federal Prime Minister (1992–1993) 2017-09-15
95 Efraín Goldenberg  Peru Prime Minister (1994–1995) 28 December 1929 88 years, 235 days 2018-03-02
96 Abdul Latif Dayfallah  North Yemen Prime Minister (1963; 1975) 1 January 1930 88 years, 231 days 2016-03-07
97 Ahmed Osman  Morocco Prime Minister (1972–1979) 3 January 1930 88 years, 229 days 2018-01-10
98 Hédi Baccouche  Tunisia Prime Minister (1987–1989) 15 January 1930 88 years, 217 days 2018-05-07
99 Hussain Muhammad Ershad  Bangladesh President (1983–1990) 1 February 1930 88 years, 200 days 2018-05-24
Shahabuddin Ahmed President (1996–2001) 2016-02-05

Addenda[edit]

Unclear status as state leaders[edit]

Name State Position Birth Age Living as of
The following individuals are older than #918 on this list, but their status as a state leader is unclear.[γ]
Josip Manolić  Croatia Prime Minister (1990–1991) 22 March 1920 98 years, 151 days 2018-03-22
Kim Yong-ju  North Korea Vice president during vacancy (1994–1998) 21 September 1920 97 years, 333 days 2018-05-23
Miloš Jakeš  Czechoslovakia General Secretary of the Communist Party (1987–1989) 12 August 1922 96 years, 8 days 2018-05-02
Adnan Pachachi  Iraq Prime Minister (2004) 14 May 1923 95 years, 98 days 2015-11-29
Mohammad Hasan Sharq Afghanistan Chairman of the Council of Ministers (1988–1989) 17 July 1925 93 years, 34 days 2016-08-30
Walter Buser   Switzerland Federal Chancellor (1981–1991) 14 April 1926 92 years, 128 days 2017-07-11
Stanisław Kania  Poland First Secretary of the United Workers' Party (1980–1981) 8 March 1927 91 years, 165 days 2017-03-18
Cardinal Eduardo Martínez Somalo   Vatican City Acting sovereign (2005) 31 March 1927 91 years, 142 days 2018-02-02
Cardinal Angelo Sodano   Vatican City Cardinal Secretary of State (1991–2006)
Dean of the College of Cardinals during vacancy (2013)
23 November 1927 90 years, 270 days 2017-11-24
Marcelino dos Santos Mozambique Member of the Political Bureau of the
Central Committee of FRELIMO
(1986)
20 May 1929 89 years, 92 days 2018-05-21
Ravan A. G. Farhâdi  Afghanistan Prime Minister (1997–2001) 23 August 1929 88 years, 362 days 2017-06-29
Gombojavyn Ochirbat  Mongolia General Secretary of the Central Committee of the
People's Revolutionary Party
(1990–1991)
15 November 1929 88 years, 278 days 2017-06-08

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b In 1952, Princess Elizabeth acceded as the monarch of seven Commonwealth realms. She currently reigns as Queen of 16 sovereign states—including the United Kingdom. From 1957 to 1983, most of her British colonies attained independence, and some joined the other realms in different years; most states ceased to be a realm upon becoming republics.
  2. ^ By virtue of his position as President of France, Giscard was also concurrently Co-Prince of the Principality of Andorra.
  3. ^ They were either members of collective presidencies, interim leaders, de facto leaders or widely recognised leaders whose true power was limited.

External links[edit]

  • United Nations—a list of heads of state, heads of government, and foreign ministers
  • WorldStatesmen—an online encyclopedia of the leaders of nations and territories