List of the oldest mosques in the world
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The designation of the oldest mosque in the world requires careful use of definitions, and must be divided into two parts, the oldest in the sense of oldest surviving building, and the oldest in the sense of oldest mosque congregation. Even here, there is the distinction between old mosque buildings that have been in continuous use as mosques, and those that have been converted to other purposes; and between buildings that have been in continuous use as mosques and those that were shuttered for many decades. In terms of congregations, they are distinguished between early established congregations that have been in continuous existence, and early congregations that ceased to exist.
To be listed here a site must:
- be the oldest mosque in a country, large city (top 50), or oldest of its type (denomination, architectural, etc.);
- be the oldest congregation of its type (denomination).
- 1 Oldest mosques
- 2 By country
- 2.1 Afghanistan
- 2.2 Albania
- 2.3 Argentina
- 2.4 Armenia
- 2.5 Australia
- 2.6 Bangladesh
- 2.7 Brazil
- 2.8 Canada
- 2.9 China
- 2.10 France
- 2.11 Germany
- 2.12 Ghana
- 2.13 India
- 2.14 Indonesia
- 2.15 Iran
- 2.16 Iraq
- 2.17 Jerusalem territory
- 2.18 Kosovo
- 2.19 Macedonia
- 2.20 Malaysia
- 2.21 Montenegro
- 2.22 Netherlands
- 2.23 Niger
- 2.24 Nigeria
- 2.25 Oman
- 2.26 Pakistan
- 2.27 Saudi Arabia
- 2.28 Singapore
- 2.29 Somalia
- 2.30 South Africa
- 2.31 Spain
- 2.32 Sri Lanka
- 2.33 Syria
- 2.34 Taiwan
- 2.35 Tanzania
- 2.36 Thailand
- 2.37 Tunisia
- 2.38 Turkey
- 2.39 United Arab Emirates
- 2.40 United States
- 2.41 Yemen
- 3 See also
- 4 External links and references
|Building||Image||Location||Modern country||First Built||Denomination||Notes|
|Masjid al-Haram||Mecca||Saudi Arabia||unknown||Abrahamic religion||Site of Haj pilgrimage and direction (Qibla) of Muslim formal prayers; rebuilt many times, notably 1571 by the Ottomans and late 20th century by Saudis, further radical enlargement under way since 2010.|
|Quba Mosque||Medina||Saudi Arabia||622||Oldest mosque site (after the building of Masjid-al-Haram) but building largely rebuilt in the late 20th century.|
|Al-Masjid al-Nabawi||Medina||Saudi Arabia||622||Site of pilgrimage. Contains Muhammad's tomb. Largely rebuilt and greatly enlarged in the late 20th century, whilst retaining at its heart the earlier construction of the Ottomans, and landmark green dome.|
|Masjid al-Qiblatain||Medina||Saudi Arabia||623||Mosque of the two Qiblas|
|Huaisheng Mosque||Guangzhou||China||627||The Huaisheng Mosque is the main mosque of Guangzhou. It has been rebuilt many times over its history. According to tradition it was originally built over 1,300 years ago in 627AD by Sa`d ibn Abi Waqqas who was an uncle of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and was named in memory of Muhammad.|
|Masjid al-Qiblatayn||Zeila||Somalia||627||built in the 7th century in Zeila, shortly after the hijra; known to be among the oldest mosques in the world and the oldest in Africa.|
|Cheraman Juma Masjid||Kodungallur||India||629||Built by Malik Deenar and named for Cheraman Perumal|
|Jawatha Mosque||Al-Kilabiyah||Saudi Arabia||629||Has recently been renovated and prayers are still held in this mosque.|
|Palaiya Jumma Palli||Kilakarai||India||628-630||Sunni||Constructed by Yemeni merchants and trade settlers in the Pandiya Kingdom and ordered by Bazan ibn Sasan, Governor of Yemen at the time of Muhammad|
|Great Mosque of Kufa||Kufa||Iraq||639||Shia||The mosque, built in the 7th century, contains the remains of Muslim Ibn‘ Aqīl - first cousin of Husayn ibn ‘Alī, his companion Hānī ibn ‘Urwa, and the revolutionary Mukhtār al-Thaqafī.|
|Mosque of Uqba||Kairouan||Tunisia||670||Sunni||rebuilt in the 9th century|
|Imam Hussain Mosque||Karbala||Iraq||680||Shia||reconstructed several times, including in 1016|
|Al-Aqsa Mosque||Jerusalem||Palestine||705||Sunni and Shia||Al-Aqsa and Bayt al-Muqaddas, is the third holiest site in Islam and is located in the Old City of Jerusalem. The site on which the silver domed mosque sits, along with the Dome of the Rock|
|Umayyad Mosque||Damascus||Syria||715||Shia, Sunni||National Mosque|
|Imam Ali Mosque||Najaf||Iraq||977||Shia, Sunni||Shrine of first Shia Imam Ali ibn Abi Talib, and fourth Sunni Rashidun Caliph.|
|Great Mosque of Xi'an||Xi'an, Shaanxi||China||742||Although remains date mostly from the 18th century, the Mosque was founded in 742|
|Kazimar Big Mosque||Madurai||India||1284||Sunni, Hanafi Shadhili||Second Mosque in Tamil Nadu.|
- Haji Piyada, built in the second half of the 9th century, oldest Islamic building in Afghanistan 
▪ King Mosque, Elbasan or Sulltan Bayazit mosque in Elbasan was builted around 1482.
- At-Tauhid Mosque, Buenos Aires. Opened in October 1983 by the shia community of Buenos Aires and with the support of the Embassy of the Islamic Republic of Iran to Argentina. It is a very simple building with a subtle Islamic style in its facade. 
- Blue Mosque, Yerevan, built in the mid 18th century.
- Central Adelaide Mosque, the oldest major city mosque built in 1888. However, the Marree Mosque is the ﬁrst mosque to be built in what is now Australia at Marree in northern South Australia in 1861.
- Sixty Dome Mosque, built in 1450 AD by Khan Jahan Ali (1398-1459), is the second-oldest mosque in Bangladesh, and is located in Bagerhat, Khulna division. The fortified structure contains eighty-one domes, sixty stone pillars and eleven mihrabs.
- Mesquita Brasil (São Paulo), previous site built in 1929; current building inaugurated in 1952. First mosque in Brazil.
- Al-Rashid Mosque, built in 1938, first purpose built mosque
- Great Mosque of Xi'an, built in 742, but oldest mosque in China is the Beacon Tower mosque of Guangzhou being built in 627.
- Paris Mosque, built in 1926, oldest mosque in France
- Berlin Mosque, built in 1924, oldest mosque building in Germany
- Cheraman Juma Masjid, Built in 629 and first mosque in India
- Great Mosque of Demak, the oldest surviving mosque in Indonesia dating to the 15th century.
- Great Mosque of Kufa, built in 639
- Mosque of Muderis Ali Efendi, Prizren, built in 1543-1581
- Mosque of Kuklibeu, Prizren, built in 1534
- Mosque of Sinan Pasha, Prizren, built in 1615
- Halit Efendi Mosque, build in 1415, is one of the oldest mosque in Macedonia.
- Kampung Laut Mosque, built in 1730s
- Sailors' Mosque, it was build in the 14th century.
- Mobarak Mosque (The Hague), built in 1955, first purpose built mosque in the Netherlands
- Masjid Mazin bin Ghadouba, foundations date to the 7th century, oldest mosque in Oman
- Nivin Masjid, Lahore - 1465
- Masjid al-Haram, First and oldest mosque in the world
- Quba Mosque, built in the 7th century
- Al-Masjid an-Nabawi, built in the 7th century; very old mosque in Saudi Arabia
- Masjid Omar Kampong Melaka, built in 1820
- Masjid al-Qiblatayn, built in the 7th century in Zeila, shortly after the hijra; oldest mosque in the Horn region
- Fakr ad-Din Mosque, built in 1269; oldest mosque in Mogadishu
- Arba'a Rukun Mosque, built c. 1268/9 in Mogadishu, concurrently with the Fakr ad-Din Mosque
- Auwal Mosque, built in 1798 in Cape Town. This is the oldest mosque in South Africa.
- Juma Masjid Mosque, built in 1881, one of the oldest mosques in South Africa
- Habibia Soofie Saheb Jamia Masjid, built in 1905, one of the oldest mosques in South Africa
- Córdoba Mosque, built between 780 and 785
- Masjid al-Abrar, built in the first century of Hijra in Beruwala, Sri Lanka. The date has been carved in its stone pillars. It is situated in western province of Sri Lanka.
- Umayyad Mosque, built in 715
- Taipei Grand Mosque, built in 1965
- 300 Years Mosque, built in the 17th century, possibly oldest mosque in Thailand
- Mosque of Uqba, built in the 7th century, possibly oldest mosque in Tunisia
- Hagia Sophia, built in 537 as a Christian church, later converted to a mosque in 1453, now a museum since 1931
United Arab Emirates
- Al Badiyah Mosque, built in the 15th century, oldest mosque in UAE.
- Al-Sadiq Mosque, commissioned in 1922, in Chicago, Illinois
- Great Mosque of Sana'a, built in the 7th century, possibly oldest mosque
- Al-Janad mosque, built in the 7th century, possibly oldest mosque
- List of mosques
- List of first mosques by country
- List of mosques in Africa
- List of mosques in the Americas
- List of mosques in Asia
- List of mosques in Europe
- List of mosques in Oceania
- List of the oldest buildings in the world
- Oldest churches in the world
- Oldest synagogues in the world
- Gibb & Beckingham 1994, pp. 814–815 Vol. 4.
- China By Shelley Jiang,pg. 274
- Fodor's China edited by Margaret Kelly, pg 618
- Geography of China: Sacred and Historic Places By Britannica Educational Publishing, pg. 181-182, Kenneth Pletcher
- "City of Balkh (antique Bactria) - UNESCO World Heritage Centre". web.archive.org. Retrieved 2014-10-18.
- Albania Explorer
- "Religious buildings with the "Culture Monument" status". Republic of Albania National Committee for Cult. Retrieved October 28, 2010.
- "Circuitos Halal". City of Buenos Aires. Retrieved November 15, 2015.
- "Afghan cameleers in Australia - Australia's Culture Portal". web.archive.org. Retrieved 2014-10-18.
- Mesquita Brasil: Nossa História in Portuguese.
- Britannica Educational Publishing; Kenneth Pletcher (2010). The Geography of China: Sacred and Historic Places. Britannica Educational Publishing. p. 181. ISBN 9781615301829. Retrieved 2014-10-18.