List of the vascular plants of Britain and Ireland 3

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This page covers a group of dicotyledon families (Lauraceae to Salicaceae). For the background to this list see parent article List of the vascular plants of Britain and Ireland


Go to:

page 2 - conifers (Pinopsida)
page 4 - another group of dicotyledon families (Brassicaceae to Saxifragaceae)

Family Lauraceae[edit]

English name Scientific name Status
Bay Laurel Laurus nobilis *

Family Aristolochiaceae[edit]

English name Scientific name Status
Asarabacca Asarum europaeum *
Birthwort Aristolochia clematitis *
Smearwort Aristolochia rotunda *

Family Nymphaeaceae[edit]

English name Scientific name Status
White Water-lily Nymphaea alba
Yellow Water-lily Nuphar lutea
Least Water-lily Nuphar pumila
Spatter-dock Nuphar advena *

Family Ceratophyllaceae[edit]

English name Scientific name Status
Rigid Hornwort Ceratophyllum demersum
Soft Hornwort Ceratophyllum submersum

Family Ranunculaceae[edit]

English name Scientific name Status
Marsh-marigold Caltha palustris
Globeflower Trollius europaeus
Stinking Hellebore Helleborus foetidus
Green Hellebore Helleborus viridis
Lenten-rose Helleborus orientalis *
Winter Aconite Eranthis hyemalis *
Love-in-a-mist Nigella damascena *
Monk's-hood Aconitum napellus
Wolf's-bane Aconitum lycoctonum *
Larkspur Consolida ajacis *
Baneberry Actaea spicata
Wood Anemone Anemone nemorosa
Blue Anemone Anemone apennina *
Yellow Anemone Anemone ranunculoides *
Liverleaf Anemone hepatica *
Pasqueflower Pulsatilla vulgaris
Traveller's joy Clematis vitalba
Virgin's-bower Clematis flammula *
Orange-peel Clematis Clematis tangutica *
Himalayan Clematis Clematis montana *
Purple Clematis Clematis viticella *
Meadow Buttercup Ranunculus acris
Creeping Buttercup Ranunculus repens
Bulbous buttercup Ranunculus bulbosus
Hairy Buttercup Ranunculus sardous
St Martin's Buttercup Ranunculus marginatus *
Rough-fruited Buttercup Ranunculus muricatus *
Small-flowered Buttercup Ranunculus parviflorus
Corn Buttercup Ranunculus arvensis
Jersey Buttercup Ranunculus paludosus
Goldilocks Buttercup Ranunculus auricomus
Celery-leaved Buttercup Ranunculus sceleratus
Greater Spearwort Ranunculus lingua
Lesser Spearwort Ranunculus flammula
Creeping Spearwort Ranunculus reptans
Adder's-tongue Spearwort Ranunculus ophioglossifolius
Aconite-leaved Buttercup Ranunculus aconitifolius *
Lesser Celandine Ranunculus ficaria
Ivy-leaved Crowfoot Ranunculus hederaceus
Round-leaved Crowfoot Ranunculus omiophyllus
Three-lobed Crowfoot Ranunculus tripartitus
Brackish Water-crowfoot Ranunculus baudotii
Thread-leaved Water-crowfoot Ranunculus trichophyllus
Common Water-crowfoot Ranunculus aquatilis
Pond Water-crowfoot Ranunculus peltatus
Stream Water-crowfoot Ranunculus penicillatus
River Water-crowfoot Ranunculus fluitans
Fan-leaved Water-crowfoot Ranunculus circinatus
Pheasant's-eye Adonis annua *
Mousetail Myosurus minimus
Columbine Aquilegia vulgaris
Pyrenean Columbine Aquilegia pyrenaica *
French Meadow-rue Thalictrum aquilegiifolium *
Chinese Meadow-rue Thalictrum delavayi *
Common Meadow-rue Thalictrum flavum
Lesser Meadow-rue Thalictrum minus
Alpine Meadow-rue Thalictrum alpinum

Family Berberidaceae[edit]

English name Scientific name Status
Barberry Berberis vulgaris
Thunberg's Barberry Berberis thunbergii *
Great Barberry Berberis glaucocarpa *
Mrs Wilson's Barberry Berberis wilsoniae *
Clustered Barberry Berberis aggregata *
Gagnepain's Barberry Berberis gagnepainii *
Chinese Barberry Berberis julianae *
Box-leaved Barberry Berberis buxifolia *
Darwin's Barberry Berberis darwinii *
Oregon-grape Mahonia aquifolium *

Family Papaveraceae[edit]

English name Scientific name Status
Oriental Poppy Papaver pseudoorientale *
Atlas Poppy Papaver atlanticum *
Opium Poppy Papaver somniferum *
Common Poppy Papaver rhoeas
Long-headed Poppy Papaver dubium
Rough Poppy Papaver hybridum
Prickly Poppy Papaver argemone
Welsh Poppy Meconopsis cambrica
Mexican Poppy Argemone mexicana *
Yellow Horned-poppy Glaucium flavum
Greater Celandine Chelidonium majus
Californian Poppy Eschscholzia californica *

Family Fumariaceae[edit]

English name Scientific name Status
Bleeding-heart Dicentra formosa *
Bird-in-a-bush Corydalis solida *
Hollowroot Corydalis cava *
Fern-leaved Corydalis Corydalis cheilanthifolia *
Yellow Corydalis Pseudofumaria lutea *
Pale Corydalis Pseudofumaria alba *
Climbing Corydalis Ceratocapnos claviculata
White Ramping-fumitory Fumaria capreolata
Western Ramping-fumitory Fumaria occidentalis
Tall Ramping-fumitory Fumaria bastardii
Martin's Ramping-fumitory Fumaria reuteri
Common Ramping-fumitory Fumaria muralis
Purple Ramping-fumitory Fumaria purpurea
Common Fumitory Fumaria officinalis
Dense-flowered Fumitory Fumaria densiflora
Fine-leaved Fumitory Fumaria parviflora
Few-flowered Fumitory Fumaria vaillantii

Family Ulmaceae[edit]

English name Scientific name Status
Wych Elm Ulmus glabra
English Elm Ulmus procera
Small-leaved Elm Ulmus minor
Plot's Elm Ulmus plotii

Family Cannabaceae[edit]

English name Scientific name Status
Hemp Cannabis sativa *
Hop Humulus lupulus

Family Moraceae[edit]

English name Scientific name Status
Black Mulberry Morus nigra *
Fig Ficus carica *

Family Urticaceae[edit]

English name Scientific name Status
Common Nettle Urtica dioica
Small Nettle Urtica urens
Pellitory-of-the-wall Parietaria judaica
Mind-your-own-business Soleirolia soleirolii *

Family Juglandaceae[edit]

English name Scientific name Status
Persian Walnut Juglans regia *
Caucasian Wingnut Pterocarya fraxinifolia *

Family Myricaceae[edit]

English name Scientific name Status
Bog-myrtle Myrica gale
Bayberry Myrica pensylvanica *

Family Fagaceae[edit]

English name Scientific name Status
European Beech Fagus sylvatica
Sweet Chestnut Castanea sativa *
Turkey Oak Quercus cerris *
Holm Oak Quercus ilex *
Algerian Oak Quercus canariensis *
Sessile Oak Quercus petraea
Pedunculate Oak Quercus robur
Red Oak Quercus rubra *
Roble Nothofagus obliqua
Rauli Nothofagus alpina

Family Betulaceae[edit]

English name Scientific name Status
Silver Birch Betula pendula
Downy Birch Betula pubescens
Dwarf Birch Betula nana
Alder Alnus glutinosa
Grey Alder Alnus incana *
Italian Alder Alnus cordata *
Hornbeam Carpinus betulus
Hazel Corylus avellana
Filbert Corylus maxima *

Family Aizoaceae[edit]

English name Scientific name Status
Indian Pokeweed Phytolacca acinosa *
Heart-leaf Ice-plant Aptenia cordifolia *
Shrubby Dewplant Ruschia caroli *
Sickle-leaved Dewplant Lampranthus falciformis *
Rosy Dewplant Lampranthus roseus *
Deltoid-leaved Dewplant Oscularia deltoides *
Purple Dewplant Disphyma crassifolium *
Pale Dewplant Drosanthemum floribundum *
Lesser Sea-fig Erepsia heteropetala *
Sally-my-handsome Carpobrotus acinaciformis *
Hottentot-fig Carpobrotus edulis *
Angular Sea-fig Carpobrotus glaucescens *

Family Chenopodiaceae[edit]

English name Scientific name Status
Mexican-tea Chenopodium ambrosioides *
Clammy Goosefoot Chenopodium pumilio *
Strawberry-blite Chenopodium capitatum *
Good-King-Henry Chenopodium bonus-henricus *
Oak-leaved Goosefoot Chenopodium glaucum *
Red Goosefoot Chenopodium rubrum
Saltmarsh Goosefoot Chenopodium chenopodioides
Many-seeded Goosefoot Chenopodium polyspermum
Stinking Goosefoot Chenopodium vulvaria
Maple-leaved Goosefoot Chenopodium hybridum
Upright Goosefoot Chenopodium urbicum
Nettle-leaved Goosefoot Chenopodium murale
Fig-leaved Goosefoot Chenopodium ficifolium
Grey Goosefoot Chenopodium opulifolium *
Fat-hen Chenopodium album
Summer-cypress Bassia scoparia *
Garden orache Atriplex hortensis *
Spear-leaved Orache Atriplex prostrata
Babington's Orache Atriplex glabriuscula
Long-stalked Orache Atriplex longipes
Early Orache Atriplex praecox
Grass-leaved Orache Atriplex littoralis
Common Orache Atriplex patula
Frosted Orache Atriplex laciniata
Shrubby Orache Atriplex halimus *
Sea-purslane Atriplex portulacoides
Pedunculate Sea-purslane Atriplex pedunculata
Beet Beta vulgaris
Caucasian Beet Beta trigyna *
Perennial Glasswort Sarcocornia perennis
One-flowered Glasswort Salicornia pusilla
Purple Glasswort Salicornia ramosissima
Common Glasswort Salicornia europaea
Glaucous Glasswort Salicornia obscura
Shiny Glasswort Salicornia nitens
Yellow Glasswort Salicornia fragilis
Long-spiked Glasswort Salicornia dolichostachya
Shrubby Sea-blite Suaeda vera
Annual Sea-blite Suaeda maritima
Prickly Saltwort Salsola kali

Family Amaranthaceae[edit]

English name Scientific name Status
Common Amaranth Amaranthus retroflexus *
Green Amaranth Amaranthus hybridus *
Purple Amaranth Amaranthus cruentus *
Indehiscent Amaranth Amaranthus bouchonii *
Perennial Pigweed Amaranthus deflexus *
White Pigweed Amaranthus albus *

Family Portulacaceae[edit]

English name Scientific name Status
Common Purslane Portulaca oleracea *
Springbeauty Claytonia perfoliata *
Pink Purslane Claytonia sibirica *
Blinks Montia fontana
Small-leaved Blinks Montia parvifolia *

Family Caryophyllaceae[edit]

English name Scientific name Status
Thyme-leaved Sandwort Arenaria serpyllifolia
Arctic Sandwort Arenaria norvegica
Fringed Sandwort Arenaria ciliata
Mossy Sandwort Arenaria balearica *
Mountain sandwort Arenaria montana *
Three-nerved Sandwort Moehringia trinervia
Sea Sandwort Honckenya peploides
Recurved Sandwort Minuartia recurva
Spring Sandwort Minuartia verna
Mountain sandwort Minuartia rubella
Teesdale Sandwort Minuartia stricta
Fine-leaved Sandwort Minuartia hybrida
Cyphel Minuartia sedoides
Wood Stitchwort Stellaria nemorum
Common Chickweed Stellaria media
Lesser Chickweed Stellaria pallida
Greater Chickweed Stellaria neglecta
Greater Stitchwort Stellaria holostea
Marsh Stitchwort Stellaria palustris
Lesser Stitchwort Stellaria graminea
Bog Stitchwort Stellaria uliginosa
Jagged Chickweed Holosteum umbellatum e
Starwort Mouse-ear Cerastium cerastoides
Field Mouse-ear Cerastium arvense
Snow-in-summer Cerastium tomentosum *
Alpine Mouse-ear Cerastium alpinum
Arctic Mouse-ear Cerastium arcticum
Shetland Mouse-ear Cerastium nigrescens
Common Mouse-ear Cerastium fontanum
Sticky Mouse-ear Cerastium glomeratum
Grey Mouse-ear Cerastium brachypetalum *
Sea Mouse-ear Cerastium diffusum
Dwarf Mouse-ear Cerastium pumilum
Little Mouse-ear Cerastium semidecandrum
Water Chickweed Myosoton aquaticum
Upright Chickweed Moenchia erecta
Knotted Pearlwort Sagina nodosa
Snow Pearlwort Sagina nivalis
Heath Pearlwort Sagina subulata
Alpine Pearlwort Sagina saginoides
Procumbent Pearlwort Sagina procumbens
Boyd's Pearlwort Sagina boydii e
Annual Pearlwort Sagina apetala
Sea Pearlwort Sagina maritima
Perennial Knawel Scleranthus perennis
Annual Knawel Scleranthus annuus
Strapwort Corrigiola litoralis
Smooth Rupturewort Herniaria glabra
Fringed Rupturewort Herniaria ciliolata
Hairy Rupturewort Herniaria hirsuta *
Coral-necklace Illecebrum verticillatum
Four-leaved Allseed Polycarpon tetraphyllum
Corn Spurrey Spergula arvensis *
Pearlwort Spurrey Spergula morisonii *
Rock Sea-spurrey Spergularia rupicola
Greater Sea-spurrey Spergularia media
Lesser Sea-spurrey Spergularia marina
Sand Spurrey Spergularia rubra
Greek Sea-spurrey Spergularia bocconei
Rose Campion Lychnis coronaria *
Ragged-robin Lychnis flos-cuculi
Sticky Catchfly Lychnis viscaria
Alpine Catchfly Lychnis alpina
Corncockle Agrostemma githago *
Italian Catchfly Silene italica *
Nottingham Catchfly Silene nutans
Spanish Catchfly Silene otites
Bladder Campion Silene vulgaris
Sea Campion Silene uniflora
Moss Campion Silene acaulis
Sweet-William Catchfly Silene armeria *
Night-flowering Catchfly Silene noctiflora
White Campion Silene latifolia
Red Campion Silene dioica
Small-flowered Catchfly Silene gallica
Sand Catchfly Silene conica
Berry Catchfly Cucubalus baccifer *
Soapwort Saponaria officinalis
Rock Soapwort Saponaria ocymoides *
Cowherb Vaccaria hispanica *
Childing Pink Petrorhagia nanteuilii
Proliferous Pink Petrorhagia prolifera
Tunicflower Petrorhagia saxifraga *
Cheddar Pink Dianthus gratianopolitanus
Clove Pink Dianthus caryophyllus *
Pink Dianthus plumarius *
Jersey Pink Dianthus gallicus *
Maiden Pink Dianthus deltoides
Sweet William Dianthus barbatus *
Deptford Pink Dianthus armeria

Family Polygonaceae[edit]

English name Scientific name Status
Alpine Knotweed Persicaria alpina *
Lesser Knotweed Persicaria campanulata *
Himalayan Knotweed Persicaria wallichii *
Chinese knotweed Persicaria weyrichii *
Soft Knotweed Persicaria mollis *
Common Bistort Persicaria bistorta
Red Bistort Persicaria amplexicaulis *
Alpine Bistort Persicaria vivipara
Amphibious Bistort Persicaria amphibia
Nepal Persicaria Persicaria nepalensis *
Redshank Persicaria maculosa *
Pale Persicaria Persicaria lapathifolia
Pinkweed Persicaria pensylvanica *
Water-pepper Persicaria hydropiper
Tasteless Water-pepper Persicaria mitis
Small Water-pepper Persicaria minor
American Tearthumb Persicaria sagittata *
Iceland-purslane Koenigia islandica
Buckwheat Fagopyrum esculentum *
Tall Buckwheat Fagopyrum dibotrys *
Sea Knotgrass Polygonum maritimum
Ray's Knotgrass Polygonum oxyspermum
Equal-leaved Knotgrass Polygonum arenastrum
Knotgrass Polygonum aviculare
Northern Knotgrass Polygonum boreale
Cornfield Knotgrass Polygonum rurivagum
Japanese Knotweed Fallopia japonica *
Giant Knotweed Fallopia sachalinensis *
Russian-vine Fallopia baldschuanica *
Black-bindweed Fallopia convolvulus
Copse-bindweed Fallopia dumetorum
Wireplant Muehlenbeckia complexa *
Sheep's Sorrel Rumex acetosella
French Sorrel Rumex scutatus *
Common Sorrel Rumex acetosa
Willow-leaved Dock Rumex salicifolius *
Argentine Dock Rumex frutescens *
Monk's-rhubarb Rumex pseudoalpinus *
Scottish Dock Rumex aquaticus
Northern Dock Rumex longifolius
Russian Dock Rumex confertus *
Water Dock Rumex hydrolapathum
Greek Dock Rumex cristatus *
Patience Dock Rumex patientia *
Curled Dock Rumex crispus
Clustered Dock Rumex conglomeratus
Wood Dock Rumex sanguineus
Shore Dock Rumex rupestris
Hooked Dock Rumex brownii *
Fiddle Dock Rumex pulcher
Broad-leaved Dock Rumex obtusifolius
Marsh Dock Rumex palustris
Golden Dock Rumex maritimus
Mountain Sorrel Oxyria digyna

Family Plumbaginaceae[edit]

English name Scientific name Status
Common Sea-lavender Limonium vulgare
Lax-flowered Sea-lavender Limonium humile
Matted Sea-lavender Limonium bellidifolium
Broad-leaved Sea-lavender Limonium auriculae-ursifolium
Alderney Sea-lavender Limonium normannicum
Rottingdean Sea-lavender Limonium hyblaeum *
a Rock Sea-lavender Limonium binervosum
a Rock Sea-lavender Limonium paradoxum
a Rock Sea-lavender Limonium procerum
a Rock Sea-lavender Limonium britannicum
a Rock Sea-lavender Limonium parvum
a Rock Sea-lavender Limonium loganicum
a Rock Sea-lavender Limonium transwallianum
a Rock Sea-lavender Limonium dodartiforme
a Rock Sea-lavender Limonium recurvum
Thrift Armeria maritima
Jersey Thrift Armeria arenaria

Family Paeoniaceae[edit]

English name Scientific name Status
Peony Paeonia mascula *

Family Elatinaceae[edit]

English name Scientific name Status
Six-stamened Waterwort Elatine hexandra
Eight-stamened Waterwort Elatine hydropiper

Family Clusiaceae[edit]

English name Scientific name Status
Rose-of-Sharon Hypericum calycinum *
Irish Tutsan Hypericum pseudohenryi *
Tutsan Hypericum androsaemum
Stinking Tutsan Hypericum hircinum *
Turkish Tutsan Hypericum xylosteifolium *
Perforate St John's-wort Hypericum perforatum
Imperforate St John's-wort Hypericum maculatum
Wavy St John's-wort Hypericum undulatum
Square-stalked St John's-wort Hypericum tetrapterum
Trailing St John's-wort Hypericum humifusum
Toadflax-leaved St John's-wort Hypericum linariifolium
Slender St John's-wort Hypericum pulchrum
Round-leaved St John's-wort Hypericum nummularium *
Hairy St John's-wort Hypericum hirsutum
Pale St John's-wort Hypericum montanum
Marsh St John's-wort Hypericum elodes
Irish St John's-wort Hypericum canadense *

Family Malvaceae[edit]

English name Scientific name Status
Large-leaved Lime Tilia platyphyllos
Small-leaved Lime Tilia cordata
Musk-mallow Malva moschata
Greater Musk-mallow Malva alcea *
Common Mallow Malva sylvestris
French Mallow Malva nicaeensis *
Least Mallow Malva parviflora *
Small Mallow Malva pusilla *
Dwarf Mallow Malva neglecta
Chinese Mallow Malva verticillata *
Tree-mallow Lavatera arborea
Smaller Tree-mallow Lavatera cretica
Garden Tree-mallow Lavatera thuringiaca *
Marsh-mallow Althaea officinalis
Rough Marsh-mallow Althaea hirsuta *
Hollyhock Alcea rosea *
Greek Mallow Sidalcea malviflora *
Velvetleaf Abutilon theophrasti *

Family Sarraceniaceae[edit]

English name Scientific name Status
Purple pitcher plant Sarracenia purpurea *

Family Droseraceae[edit]

English name Scientific name Status
Round-leaved sundew Drosera rotundifolia
Great sundew Drosera anglica
Oblong-leaved sundew Drosera intermedia

Family Cistaceae[edit]

English name Scientific name Status
Spotted Rock-rose Tuberaria guttata
Common Rock-rose Helianthemum nummularium
White Rock-rose Helianthemum apenninum
Hoary Rock-rose Helianthemum oelandicum

Family Violaceae[edit]

English name Scientific name Status
Sweet Violet Viola odorata
Hairy Violet Viola hirta
Teesdale Violet Viola rupestris
Common Dog-violet Viola riviniana
Early Dog-violet Viola reichenbachiana
Heath Dog-violet Viola canina
Pale Dog-violet Viola lactea
Fen violet Viola persicifolia
Marsh Violet Viola palustris
Horned Pansy Viola cornuta *
Mountain Pansy Viola lutea
Wild Pansy Viola tricolor
Field Pansy Viola arvensis
Dwarf Pansy Viola kitaibeliana

Family Tamaricaceae[edit]

English name Scientific name Status
Tamarisk Tamarix gallica *

Family Frankeniaceae[edit]

English name Scientific name Status
Sea-heath Frankenia laevis

Family Cucurbitaceae[edit]

English name Scientific name Status
White Bryony Bryonia dioica
Squirting Cucumber Ecballium elaterium *

Family Salicaceae[edit]

English name Scientific name Status
White Poplar Populus alba *
Aspen Populus tremula
Black Poplar Populus nigra
Western Balsam Poplar Populus trichocarpa *
Bay Willow Salix pentandra
Crack Willow Salix fragilis
White Willow Salix alba
Almond Willow Salix triandra
Purple Willow Salix purpurea
European Violet Willow Salix daphnoides *
Siberian Violet Willow Salix acutifolia *
Sachalin Willow Salix udensis *
Osier Salix viminalis
Goat Willow Salix caprea
Grey Willow Salix cinerea
Eared Willow Salix aurita
Heart-leaved Willow Salix eriocephala *
Dark-leaved Willow Salix myrsinifolia
Tea-leaved Willow Salix phylicifolia
Creeping Willow Salix repens
Downy Willow Salix lapponum
Woolly Willow Salix lanata
Mountain Willow Salix arbuscula
Whortle-leaved Willow Salix myrsinites
Dwarf Willow Salix herbacea
Net-leaved Willow Salix reticulata

Notes[edit]

  1. Fringed Sandwort (Arenaria ciliata) is found only in Ireland.
  2. Recurved Sandwort (Minuartia recurva) is found only in Ireland.
  3. Corn Spurrey (Spergula arvensis) is an archaeophyte in Britain and Ireland; a native population exists on the Channel Islands

See also[edit]

Go to:

page 2 - conifers (Pinopsida)
page 4 - another group of dicotyledon families (Brassicaceae to Saxifragaceae)