List of the verified oldest people

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These are lists of the 100 known verified oldest people arranged in descending order of each individual's age in years and days.[a]

The oldest person ever whose age has been independently verified is Jeanne Calment (1875–1997) of France, who lived to the age of 122 years, 164 days.[b] The oldest verified man ever is Jiroemon Kimura (1897–2013) of Japan, who lived to the age of 116 years, 54 days.

As of 17 September 2019, the oldest known living person is Kane Tanaka of Japan, aged 116 years, 258 days. The oldest known living man is Gustav Gerneth of Germany, aged 113 years, 337 days. Due to differences in life expectancy, the 100 oldest women have, on average, lived several years longer than the 100 oldest men.

All the people on this list are supercentenarians, having reached an age of at least 110.

100 verified oldest women[edit]

The list including known and validated supercentenarians who died before 2015 was compiled by the Gerontology Research Group (GRG).[5] Later cases are included in more recent GRG data,[6] with administrative reports or press coverage as supplementary sources, as indicated in the table.

  Deceased   Living

Rank Name Birth date Death date Age Place of death
or residence
01 Jeanne Calment[7] 21 February 1875 4 August 1997 122 years, 164 days[b] France
02 Sarah Knauss[8] 24 September 1880 30 December 1999 119 years, 97 days United States
03 Nabi Tajima[6] 4 August 1900 21 April 2018 117 years, 260 days Japan
04 Lucy Hannah[9] 16 July 1875 21 March 1993 117 years, 248 days United States
05 Marie-Louise Meilleur[10] 29 August 1880 16 April 1998 117 years, 230 days Canada
06 Violet Brown[6] 10 March 1900 15 September 2017 117 years, 189 days Jamaica
07 Emma Morano[6][11] 29 November 1899 15 April 2017 117 years, 137 days Italy
08 Chiyo Miyako[6][12][13] 2 May 1901 22 July 2018 117 years, 81 days Japan
09 Misao Okawa[6] 5 March 1898 1 April 2015 117 years, 27 days Japan
10 María Capovilla[14] 14 September 1889 27 August 2006 116 years, 347 days Ecuador
11 Susannah Mushatt Jones[6] 6 July 1899 12 May 2016 116 years, 311 days United States
12 Gertrude Weaver[6] 4 July 1898 6 April 2015 116 years, 276 days United States
13 Kane Tanaka[6] 2 January 1903 Living 116 years, 258 days Japan
14 Tane Ikai[15] 18 January 1879 12 July 1995 116 years, 175 days Japan
15 Elizabeth Bolden[16] 15 August 1890 11 December 2006 116 years, 118 days United States
16 Besse Cooper[17] 26 August 1896 4 December 2012 116 years, 100 days United States
17 Maria Giuseppa Robucci[6] 20 March 1903 18 June 2019[18] 116 years, 90 days Italy
18 Ana María Vela Rubio[6] 29 October 1901 15 December 2017 116 years, 47 days Spain
19 Giuseppina Projetto[6] 30 May 1902 6 July 2018 116 years, 37 days Italy
20 Jeralean Talley[6] 23 May 1899 17 June 2015 116 years, 25 days United States
21 Maggie Barnes[19] 6 March 1882 19 January 1998 115 years, 319 days United States
22 Dina Manfredini[5] 4 April 1897 17 December 2012 115 years, 257 days United States[c]
23 Shimoe Akiyama[6] 19 May 1903 29 January 2019 115 years, 255 days Japan
24 Charlotte Hughes[20] 1 August 1877 17 March 1993 115 years, 228 days United Kingdom
25 Edna Parker[21] 20 April 1893 26 November 2008 115 years, 220 days United States
26 Lucile Randon (Sœur André)[6] 11 February 1904 Living[22] 115 years, 218 days France
27 Mary Ann Rhodes[23] 12 August 1882 3 March 1998 115 years, 203 days Canada
28 Anonymous of Tokyo[6] 15 March 1900 27 September 2015 115 years, 196 days Japan
29 Margaret Skeete[24] 27 October 1878 7 May 1994 115 years, 192 days United States
30 Bernice Madigan[25] 24 July 1899 3 January 2015 115 years, 163 days United States
31 Gertrude Baines[26] 6 April 1894 11 September 2009 115 years, 158 days United States
32 Bettie Wilson[27] 13 September 1890 13 February 2006 115 years, 153 days United States
33 Shin Matsushita[6] 30 March 1904 27 August 2019 115 years, 150 days Japan
34 Julie Winnefred Bertrand[28] 16 September 1891 18 January 2007 115 years, 124 days Canada
35 Maria de Jesus[29] 10 September 1893 2 January 2009 115 years, 114 days Portugal
36 Marie Josephine Gaudette[6][30] 25 March 1902 13 July 2017 115 years, 110 days Italy[d]
37 Susie Gibson[31] 31 October 1890 16 February 2006 115 years, 108 days United States
38 Augusta Holtz[32] 3 August 1871 21 October 1986 115 years, 79 days United States[e]
39 Hendrikje van Andel-Schipper[33] 29 June 1890 30 August 2005 115 years, 62 days Netherlands
40 Maude Farris-Luse[34] 21 January 1887 18 March 2002 115 years, 56 days United States
41 Marie Brémont[35] 25 April 1886 6 June 2001 115 years, 42 days France
42 Koto Okubo[36] 24 December 1897 12 January 2013 115 years, 19 days Japan
43 Antonia Gerena Rivera[6] 19 May 1900 2 June 2015 115 years, 14 days United States[f]
44 Chiyono Hasegawa[37] 20 November 1896 2 December 2011 115 years, 12 days Japan
45 Annie Jennings[38] 12 November 1884 20 November 1999 115 years, 8 days United Kingdom
46 Eva Morris[39] 8 November 1885 2 November 2000 114 years, 360 days United Kingdom
47 Kama Chinen[40] 10 May 1895 2 May 2010 114 years, 357 days Japan
48 Maria Gomes Valentim[41] 9 July 1896 21 June 2011 114 years, 347 days Brazil
49 Mary Bidwell[42] 19 May 1881 25 April 1996 114 years, 342 days United States
50 Mary Josephine Ray[43] 17 May 1895 7 March 2010 114 years, 294 days United States[g]
51 Goldie Steinberg[6][44][45] 30 October 1900 16 August 2015 114 years, 290 days United States[h]
52 Kiyoko Ishiguro[6] 4 March 1901 5 December 2015 114 years, 276 days Japan
53 Maria do Couto Maia-Lopes[5] 24 October 1890 25 July 2005 114 years, 274 days Portugal
Eudoxie Baboul[6] 1 October 1901 1 July 2016 France (French Guiana)
55 Ramona Trinidad Iglesias-Jordan[46] 31 August 1889 29 May 2004 114 years, 272 days Puerto Rico
56 Yukie Hino[6] 17 April 1902 13 January 2017 114 years, 271 days Japan
57 Delphine Gibson[6] 17 August 1903 9 May 2018 114 years, 265 days United States
58 Eugénie Blanchard[47] 16 February 1896 4 November 2010 114 years, 261 days France (Saint Barthélemy)
59 Venere Pizzinato-Papo[48] 23 November 1896 2 August 2011 114 years, 252 days Italy[i]
60 Neva Morris[49] 3 August 1895 6 April 2010 114 years, 246 days United States
Jeanne Bot[6] 14 January 1905 Living[50] 114 years, 246 days France
62 Hide Ohira[5] 15 September 1880 9 May 1995 114 years, 236 days Japan
63 Blanche Cobb[51][52] 8 September 1900 1 May 2015 114 years, 235 days United States
64 Ethel Lang[6] 27 May 1900 15 January 2015 114 years, 233 days United Kingdom
65 Shigeyo Nakachi[6] 1 February 1905 Living 114 years, 228 days Japan
66 Yone Minagawa[53] 4 January 1893 13 August 2007 114 years, 221 days Japan
67 María Antonia Castro[54] 10 June 1881 16 January 1996 114 years, 220 days Spain
68 Carrie Lazenby[5] 9 February 1882 14 September 1996 114 years, 218 days United States
Ura Koyama[55] 30 August 1890 5 April 2005 Japan
70 Myrtle Dorsey[56] 22 November 1885 25 June 2000 114 years, 216 days United States
71 Iso Nakamura[6] 23 April 1903 23 November 2017 114 years, 214 days Japan
72 Haruno Yamashita[6] 19 February 1905 Living 114 years, 210 days Japan
73 Anna Eliza Williams[57] 2 June 1873 27 December 1987 114 years, 208 days United Kingdom
74 Eunice Sanborn[58] 20 July 1896 31 January 2011 114 years, 195 days United States
75 Grace Clawson[59] 15 November 1887 28 May 2002 114 years, 194 days United States[j]
76 Mitsue Toyoda[6] 15 February 1902 25 August 2016 114 years, 192 days Japan
77 Tase Matsunaga[60] 11 May 1884 18 November 1998 114 years, 191 days Japan
78 Kame Nakamura[61] 8 March 1898 12 September 2012 114 years, 188 days Japan
79 Lydie Vellard[5] 18 March 1875 17 September 1989 114 years, 183 days France
Wilhelmina Kott[62] 7 March 1880 6 September 1994 United States
Adelina Domingues[63] 19 February 1888 21 August 2002 United States[k]
82 Mitoyo Kawate[64] 15 May 1889 13 November 2003 114 years, 182 days Japan
Gabrielle des Robert[6][65] 4 June 1904 3 December 2018 France
84 Charlotte Benkner[66] 16 November 1889 14 May 2004 114 years, 180 days United States[l]
Camille Loiseau[67] 13 February 1892 12 August 2006 France
86 Anne Primout[68] 5 October 1890 26 March 2005 114 years, 172 days France[m]
87 Ettie Mae Greene[69] 8 September 1877 26 February 1992 114 years, 171 days United States
88 Kame Ganeko[6] 10 April 1905 Living 114 years, 160 days Japan
89 Dominga Velasco[6] 12 May 1901 11 October 2015 114 years, 152 days United States[n]
90 Toshie Yorimitsu[6] 30 September 1901 28 February 2016 114 years, 151 days Japan
91 Irene Frank[5] 1 October 1881 28 February 1996 114 years, 150 days United States
92 Christina Cock[70] 25 December 1887 22 May 2002 114 years, 148 days Australia[o]
93 Olivia Patricia Thomas[71] 29 June 1895 16 November 2009 114 years, 140 days United States
94 Tae Ito[6] 11 July 1903 13 November 2017 114 years, 125 days Japan
95 Anna Henderson[72] 5 March 1900 1 July 2014 114 years, 118 days United States
96 Emma Verona Johnston[73] 6 August 1890 1 December 2004 114 years, 117 days United States
Mamie Rearden[74] 7 September 1898 2 January 2013 United States
98 Bettie Chatmon[5] 30 April 1884 16 August 1998 114 years, 108 days United States
Lessie Brown[6] 22 September 1904 8 January 2019 United States
100 Odie Matthews[5] 28 December 1878 14 April 1993 114 years, 107 days United States
  1. ^ The exact lifespan of people listed with the number of years and days may actually differ because of leap days that occurred during their lifetime.
  2. ^ a b Calment's case was disputed in a study posted online in November 2018,[1][2] and a followup paper published in January 2019,[3] although other researchers have dismissed this hypothesis on the basis of extensive prior research into Calment's life.[4]
  3. ^ Manfredini was born in Italy.
  4. ^ Gaudette was born in the United States.
  5. ^ Holtz was born in the German Empire; her birthplace is now in Poland.
  6. ^ Gerena was born in Puerto Rico.
  7. ^ Ray was born in Canada.
  8. ^ Steinberg was born in Kishinev, then part of the Russian Empire, now the capital of Moldova.
  9. ^ Pizzinato-Papo was born in Ala, then part of Austria-Hungary, now in Italy.
  10. ^ Clawson was born in the United Kingdom.
  11. ^ Domingues was born in Cape Verde, then a colony of Portugal.
  12. ^ Benkner was born in Germany.
  13. ^ Primout was born in colonial Algeria, and moved to metropolitan France after Algeria obtained independence.
  14. ^ Velasco was born in Mexico.
  15. ^ Cock was born in the British colony of Victoria, now part of Australia.

100 verified oldest men[edit]

The list including all known and validated supercentenarians who died before 2015 was compiled by the Gerontology Research Group (GRG).[5] Later cases were sourced either from more recent GRG data,[6] from administrative reports or from press coverage, as indicated in the table. Unranked entries have not been validated by the GRG, which only publishes recent cases above 112 years old.

  Deceased   Living

Rank Name[a] Birth date Death date Age Place of death
or residence
01 Jiroemon Kimura 19 April 1897 12 June 2013 116 years, 54 days Japan
02 Christian Mortensen 16 August 1882 25 April 1998 115 years, 252 days United States[b]
03 Emiliano Mercado del Toro 21 August 1891 24 January 2007 115 years, 156 days Puerto Rico
04 Mathew Beard 9 July 1870 16 February 1985 114 years, 222 days United States
05 Walter Breuning 21 September 1896 14 April 2011 114 years, 205 days United States
06 Yukichi Chuganji 23 March 1889 28 September 2003 114 years, 189 days Japan
07 Joan Riudavets 15 December 1889 5 March 2004 114 years, 81 days Spain
08 Fred Hale 1 December 1890 19 November 2004 113 years, 354 days United States
Gustav Gerneth[75] 15 October 1905 Living 113 years, 337 days Germany[c]
09 Yisrael Kristal[6] 15 September 1903 11 August 2017 113 years, 330 days Israel[d]
10 Johnson Parks 15 October 1884 17 July 1998 113 years, 275 days United States
11 Tomoji Tanabe 18 September 1895 19 June 2009 113 years, 274 days Japan
12 John Ingram McMorran 19 June 1889 24 February 2003 113 years, 250 days United States
13 Masazō Nonaka[6] 25 July 1905 20 January 2019 113 years, 179 days Japan
14 Frederick Frazier 27 January 1880 14 June 1993 113 years, 138 days United States
15 James Sisnett 22 February 1900 23 May 2013 113 years, 90 days Barbados[e]
16 Walter Richardson 7 November 1885 25 December 1998 113 years, 48 days United States
17 Francisco Núñez Olivera[6] 13 December 1904 29 January 2018 113 years, 47 days Spain
18 Henry Allingham 6 June 1896 18 July 2009 113 years, 42 days United Kingdom
19 Antonio Todde 22 January 1889 3 January 2002 112 years, 346 days Italy
20 Moses Hardy 6 January 1894 7 December 2006 112 years, 335 days United States
21 Yasutaro Koide[6][76] 13 March 1903 19 January 2016 112 years, 312 days Japan
22 John Evans 19 August 1877 10 June 1990 112 years, 295 days United Kingdom
23 Richard Arvin Overton[6] 11 May 1906 27 December 2018 112 years, 230 days United States
24 George Francis 6 June 1896 27 December 2008 112 years, 204 days United States
25 Chitetsu Watanabe[6][77] 5 March 1907 Living 112 years, 196 days Japan
26 Denzo Ishizaki 20 October 1886 29 April 1999 112 years, 191 days Japan
27 Josep Armengol 23 July 1881 20 January 1994 112 years, 181 days Spain
28 Giovanni Frau 29 December 1890 19 June 2003 112 years, 172 days Italy
29 John Painter 20 September 1888 1 March 2001 112 years, 162 days United States
30 Masamitsu Yoshida[6] 30 May 1904 29 October 2016 112 years, 152 days Japan
31 Sakari Momoi[6] 5 February 1903 5 July 2015 112 years, 150 days Japan
32 Alphaeus Philemon Cole 12 July 1876 25 November 1988 112 years, 136 days United States
33 Augusto Moreira 6 October 1896 13 February 2009 112 years, 130 days Portugal
34 George Johnson 1 May 1894 30 August 2006 112 years, 121 days United States
35 Salustiano Sanchez 8 June 1901 13 September 2013 112 years, 97 days United States[f]
Yoshikazu Yamashita[78][79] 10 April 1907 7 July 2019 112 years, 88 days Japan
36 Gengan Tonaki 30 October 1884 24 January 1997 112 years, 86 days Japan
37 Tadanosuke Hashimoto 27 April 1891 31 May 2003 112 years, 34 days Japan
C. P. Crawford[80][81] 25 August 1907 Living 112 years, 23 days United States
38 Kumekichi Tani 20 April 1891 12 May 2003 112 years, 22 days Japan
39 James Wiggins 15 October 1879 16 October 1991 112 years, 1 day United States
George Feldman[82][83] 2 December 1906 2 December 2018 112 years, 0 days United States
Tsunahei Ogawa[84] 9 January 1907 4 January 2019 111 years, 360 days Japan
40 Arturo Licata 2 May 1902 24 April 2014 111 years, 357 days Italy
41 Walter H. Seward 13 October 1896 14 September 2008 111 years, 337 days United States
42 Maurice Floquet 25 December 1894 10 November 2006 111 years, 320 days France
Valerio Piroddi[85] 13 November 1905 18 September 2017 111 years, 309 days Italy
43 James McCoubrey 13 September 1901 5 July 2013 111 years, 295 days United States[g]
Shivakumara Swami[86] 1 April 1907[87] 21 January 2019 111 years, 295 days India[h]
44 John Mosely Turner 15 June 1856 21 March 1968 111 years, 280 days United Kingdom
45 Hermann Dörnemann 27 May 1893 2 March 2005 111 years, 279 days Germany
46 Antonio Urrea 18 February 1888 15 November 1999 111 years, 270 days Spain
47 Choki Miyagi[6] 15 November 1904 7 August 2016 111 years, 266 days Japan
48 Arthur Carter 5 October 1889 11 June 2001 111 years, 249 days United States
49 Jan Machiel Reyskens 11 May 1878 7 January 1990 111 years, 241 days Netherlands[i]
Jesús Mosteo[88] 1 January 1908 28 August 2019[89] 111 years, 239 days Spain
Henry Tseng[90][91] 12 July 1907 27 February 2019 111 years, 230 days United States[j]
50 Joe Thomas 1 May 1875 14 December 1986 111 years, 227 days United States
51 James Zackry 15 August 1881 14 March 1993 111 years, 211 days United States
52 Tanekichi Onishi 15 February 1900 11 September 2011 111 years, 208 days Japan
53 Kiyoshi Igarashi 2 August 1897 23 February 2009 111 years, 205 days Japan
54 Herman Smith-Johannsen 15 June 1875 5 January 1987 111 years, 204 days Norway
55 Ernest Pusey 5 May 1895 19 November 2006 111 years, 198 days United States
56 Thomas Nelson, Sr. 8 July 1895 9 January 2007 111 years, 185 days United States
Roger Auvin[92] 20 March 1908 Living 111 years, 181 days France
57 Jokichi Ikarashi 26 January 1902 23 July 2013 111 years, 178 days Japan
58 Earl Brush 17 July 1893 10 January 2005 111 years, 177 days United States
Qin Hanzhang[93] 19 February 1908 15 August 2019 111 years, 177 days China
Robert Weighton[94] 29 March 1908 Living 111 years, 172 days United Kingdom
Lester Townsend[95] 31 March 1908 Living 111 years, 170 days United States
59 Antonio de Castro 6 January 1898 22 June 2009 111 years, 167 days Portugal
60 Sukesaburo Nakanishi 15 March 1896 22 August 2007 111 years, 160 days Japan
61 Luther Goding 1 July 1884 5 December 1995 111 years, 157 days United States
62 Jan Pieter Bos 12 July 1891 15 December 2002 111 years, 156 days Netherlands
63 Emile Fourcade 29 July 1884 29 December 1995 111 years, 153 days France[k]
64 Benjamin Harrison Holcomb 3 July 1889 2 December 2000 111 years, 152 days United States
65 Aarne Arvonen 4 August 1897 1 January 2009 111 years, 150 days Finland[l]
66 George Frederick Ives 17 November 1881 12 April 1993 111 years, 146 days Canada[m]
67 Jan Goossenaerts 30 October 1900 21 March 2012 111 years, 143 days Belgium
Carl Mattsson[96] 7 March 1908 24 July 2019 111 years, 139 days Sweden
68 Garland Adair 30 July 1898 11 December 2009 111 years, 134 days United States
69 Anders Engberg 1 July 1892 6 November 2003 111 years, 128 days Sweden
Alfred Smith[97] 29 March 1908 3 August 2019 111 years, 127 days United Kingdom
70 Alexander Imich 4 February 1903 8 June 2014 111 years, 124 days United States[n]
71 Jack Lockett 22 January 1891 25 May 2002 111 years, 123 days Australia[o]
72 Henry Hartmann 14 July 1894 10 November 2005 111 years, 119 days United States
73 Shelby Harris 31 March 1901 25 July 2012 111 years, 116 days United States
74 Daniel Guzmán-García 6 February 1897 21 May 2008 111 years, 105 days Colombia
75 Sadayoshi Tanabe 20 October 1888 18 January 2000 111 years, 90 days Japan
Clarence Matthews[98] 1 May 1906 22 July 2017 111 years, 82 days United States
76 Makaru Nakanishi 15 December 1901 28 February 2013 111 years, 75 days Japan
Kamado Tsuha[99] 10 June 1908 15 August 2019[100] 111 years, 66 days Japan
77 Henry Pfeiffer 22 March 1881 23 May 1992 111 years, 62 days United States
78 Zachariah Blackistone 16 February 1871 18 April 1982 111 years, 61 days United States
79 Antonio Baldo 6 July 1887 28 August 1998 111 years, 53 days Italy
80 Edward Bernard 22 June 1889 11 August 2000 111 years, 50 days United States
81 Francisco Fernández 24 July 1901 7 September 2012 111 years, 45 days Spain
82 Norio Kawada 25 April 1892 6 June 2003 111 years, 42 days Japan
83 Kama Nakasone 23 November 1891 1 January 2003 111 years, 39 days Japan
84 Harry Patch 17 June 1898 25 July 2009 111 years, 38 days United Kingdom
85 Peter Solum 3 May 1882 5 June 1993 111 years, 33 days United States
86 Masao Kaga 1 June 1902 26 June 2013 111 years, 25 days Japan
87 Giovanni Ligato 18 February 1901 2 March 2012 111 years, 13 days Italy
88 Domenico Minervino 10 May 1880 21 May 1991 111 years, 11 days Italy
89 Nijiro Tokuda 10 June 1895 12 June 2006 111 years, 2 days Japan
Zhou Youguang[101] 13 January 1906 14 January 2017 111 years, 1 day China
90 Valentino Stella 2 January 1886 1 January 1997 110 years, 365 days Italy
91 Giichi Okumura 18 October 1896 13 October 2007 110 years, 360 days Japan
92 Charles Shebanek 9 September 1883 27 August 1994 110 years, 352 days United States
93 Antonio Pierro 22 February 1896 8 February 2007 110 years, 351 days United States[p]
94 Carl Berner 27 January 1902 7 January 2013 110 years, 346 days United States[q]
95 Gregory Pandazes 15 January 1873 22 December 1983 110 years, 341 days United States[r]
Eiju Tsuru 4 February 1879 11 January 1990 Japan
Conrad Johnson[102][103] 19 January 1904 23 December 2014 110 years, 338 days United States[s]
97 Charlie Nelson 21 September 1867 20 August 1978 110 years, 333 days United States
Yoshio Nakagawa 19 December 1901 16 November 2012 Japan
99 Masatake Kinoshita 20 August 1897 17 July 2008 110 years, 332 days Japan
100 Linus Reinhart 28 July 1892 14 June 2003 110 years, 321 days United States
  1. ^ All entries are sourced to GRG "table B" as of 1 January 2015, unless otherwise noted.[5]
  2. ^ Mortensen was born in Denmark.
  3. ^ Gerneth was born in Stettin, then part of the German Empire, now in Poland and renamed Szczecin.
  4. ^ Kristal was born in Maleniec, then part of the Russian Empire, now in Poland.
  5. ^ Sisnett was born in Barbados, then a British colony, now an independent country.
  6. ^ Sanchez was born in Spain.
  7. ^ McCoubrey was born in Newfoundland, then a separate British colony, now part of Canada.
  8. ^ Shivakumara was born in Magadi, Kingdom of Mysore, then part of British India, now a state of India.
  9. ^ Reyskens was born in Belgium and never obtained Dutch citizenship.
  10. ^ Tseng was born in Yokohama, Japan and emigrated to China. He lived in Los Angeles, United States from 1975 until his death.
  11. ^ Fourcade was born in colonial Algeria, and moved to metropolitan France after Algeria obtained independence.
  12. ^ Arvonen was born in the Grand Duchy of Finland, then part of the Russian Empire.
  13. ^ Ives was born in the United Kingdom.
  14. ^ Imich was born in Częstochowa, then part of the Russian Empire, now in Poland.
  15. ^ Lockett was born in the British colony of Victoria, now part of Australia.
  16. ^ Pierro was born in Italy.
  17. ^ Berner was born in Germany.
  18. ^ Pandazes was born in Greece.
  19. ^ Johnson was born in Sweden.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Milova, Elena (4 November 2018). "Valery Novoselov: Investigating Jeanne Calment's Longevity Record". Life Extension Advocacy Foundation. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
  2. ^ Hopper, Tristin (31 December 2018). "History's oldest woman a fraud? Russian researchers claim 122-year-old Jeanne Calment was actually a 99-year-old imposter". National Post.
  3. ^ Zak, Nikolay (30 January 2019). "Evidence that Jeanne Calment died in 1934, not 1997". Rejuvenation Research. 22: 3–12. doi:10.1089/rej.2018.2167. PMC 6424156.
  4. ^ Rosenberg, Eli (12 January 2019). "The world's oldest person record stood for decades. Then came a Russian conspiracy theory". The Washington Post.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Epstein, Louis; Young, Robert; Quesada, Miguel; Muir, Mark; Law, Chris; Wikkerink, Marco (1 January 2015). "Table B - Verified Supercentenarians (Ranked By Age)". Gerontology Research Group. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at Epstein, Louis; Young, Robert; Adams, Johnny; Muir, Mark (20 January 2019). "GRG World Supercentenarian Rankings List". Gerontology Research Group. Retrieved 20 January 2019.
  7. ^ Whitney, Craig R. (5 August 1997). "Jeanne Calment, World's Elder, Dies at 122". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  8. ^ "World's oldest person misses millennium". BBC. 31 December 1999. Retrieved 5 January 2015. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)
  9. ^ Maier, H.; Gampe, J.; Jeune, B.; Vaupel, J.W.; Robine, J.-M. (2010). Demographic research monographs – Supercentenarians. Springer Publishing. p. 249. ISBN 978-3-642-11520-2. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)
  10. ^ "Marie-Louise Meilleur, 117; Listed as Oldest Person in World". Los Angeles Times. 18 April 1998. Retrieved 5 January 2015. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)
  11. ^ "Emma Morano compie oggi 115 anni". La Stampa. 29 November 2014. Retrieved 5 January 2015. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)
  12. ^ Masakazu Senda (26 July 2018). "Oldest person title officially achieved by 117-year-old Chiyo Miyako before her death". Guinness World Records. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
  13. ^ Kyodo (26 July 2018). "Japan's oldest person Chiyo Miyako dies at 117". The Japan Times. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
  14. ^ "World's oldest woman dies at 116". BBC. 28 August 2006. Retrieved 5 January 2015. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)
  15. ^ "Japan's oldest person dies at 116". New Straits Times. 13 July 1995. Retrieved 5 January 2015. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)
  16. ^ "Memphis mourns Lizzie Bolden, daughter of slaves, born the year Sitting Bull died". The Guardian. 16 December 2006. Retrieved 5 January 2015. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)
  17. ^ "World's oldest woman Besse Cooper dies at 116 in Georgia nursing home". NBC News. Associated Press, Reuters. 4 December 2012. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  18. ^ https://amp.foggiatoday.it/cronaca/morta-maria-giuseppa-robucci-poggio-imperiale-apricena.html
  19. ^ Maier, H.; Gampe, J.; Jeune, B.; Vaupel, J.W.; Robine, J.-M. (2010). Demographic research monographs – Supercentenarians. Springer Publishing. pp. 256–259. ISBN 978-3-642-11520-2. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)
  20. ^ "Charlotte Hughes, 115, Was World's 2nd-oldest Person". Orlando Sentinel. 18 March 1993. Retrieved 5 January 2015. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)
  21. ^ "Edna Parker dies at 115; former teacher was world's oldest person". Los Angeles Times. 28 November 2008. Retrieved 5 January 2015. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)
  22. ^ Lefèvre, Thibault; Emanuele, Valeria (11 February 2019). "Sœur André a 115 ans aujourd'hui et deux souhaits" [Sister André turns 115 today, and has two wishes] (in French). France Inter. Retrieved 12 February 2019.
  23. ^ "She doesn't look a day over 80". Kingston Whig-Standard. 11 August 1995. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)
  24. ^ "Margaret Skeete, 115; Oldest American". Los Angeles Times. 11 May 1994. Retrieved 5 January 2015. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)
  25. ^ "Bernice Madigan, fifth-oldest person in the world, dies at 115". The Berkshire Eagle. 4 January 2015. Retrieved 5 January 2015. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)
  26. ^ "Gertrude Baines, Oldest Woman in World, Dies at 115". The New York Times. 11 September 2009. Retrieved 5 January 2015. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)
  27. ^ "Bettie Wilson, 115; One of Three Oldest Americans". Los Angeles Times. 16 February 2006. Retrieved 5 January 2015. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)
  28. ^ "World's oldest woman dies in Montreal at age 115". CBC News. 19 January 2007. Retrieved 5 January 2015. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)
  29. ^ "Maria de Jesus, world's oldest person, dies at 115". Los Angeles Times. 3 January 2009. Retrieved 5 January 2015. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)
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