List of globally invasive species

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This is a list of 100 of the "worst" invasive species in the Global Invasive Species Database.[1] The IUCN Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG), which maintains the list, acknowledges that "It is very difficult to identify 100 invasive species from around the world that really are 'worse' than any others."[1]

Criteria for inclusion[edit]

Two criteria were used in selecting items for the list:

  • An invasive species' "serious impact on biological diversity and/or human activities"; and
  • That species' "illustration of important issues surrounding biological invasion".[1]

According to the ISSG, "only one species from each genus was selected. Absence from the list does not imply that a species poses a lesser threat."[1]

100 of the World's Worst Invasive Alien Species[edit]

Species Type Common names
Acacia mearnsii shrub Black wattle, Acácia-negra, Australian Acacia, Australische Akazie, Swartwattel, Uwatela
Achatina fulica mollusc Giant African land snail, achatine, Afrikanische Riesenschnecke, escargot géant d'Afrique, giant African snail, reuse-landslak
Acridotheres tristis bird Common myna, brun majna, Calcutta myna, Hirtenmaina, hjarðmænir, house myna, Indian myna, Indian mynah, Indiese maina, kabairohakka, maina, mainá común, maina comune, mainato, majna brunatna, majna obecná, manu, manu kaomani, manu kavamani, manu rataro, manu teve, Martin triste, merle des Moluques, mynah, pihamaina, piru, talking myna, treurmaina
Aedes albopictus insect Asian tiger mosquito, forest day mosquito, mosquito tigre, moustique tigre, tiger mosquito, Tigermücke, zanzare tigre
Anopheles quadrimaculatus insect common malaria mosquito, Gabelmücke, malariamuskiet
Anoplolepis gracilipes insect Yellow crazy ant, ashinaga-ki-ari, crazy ant, Gelbe Spinnerameise, gramang ant, long-legged ant, Maldive ant
Anoplophora glabripennis insect Asian long-horned beetle, longicorne Asiatique, starry sky beetle
Aphanomyces astaci fungus crayfish plague, Wasserschimmel
Ardisia elliptica tree Shoebutton Ardisia, ardisie elliptique, ati popa'a
Arundo donax grass Giant Cane, arundo grass, bamboo reed, caña, caña común, caña de Castilla, caña de la reina, caña de techar, cana- do-reino, cana-do-brejo, cane, canne de Provence, canno-do-reino, capim-plumoso, carrizo, carrizo grande, cow cane, donax cane, fiso palagi, giant reed, grand roseau, kaho, kaho folalahi, la canne de Provence, narkhat, ngasau ni vavalangi, Pfahlrohr, reedgrass, river cane, Spaanse-riet, Spanisches Rohr, Spanish cane, Spanish reed, wild cane
Asterias amurensis sea star Northern Pacific seastar, Flatbottom seastar, Japanese Seastar, Japanese starfish, Nordpazifischer Seestern, North Pacific seastar, purple-orange seastar
Banana bunchy top virus (BBTV) virus banana bunchy top disease BBTD, abaca bunchy top virus, BBTV, bunchy top, bunchy top virus, laufeti’iti’i
Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis fungus "Bd," chytrid frog fungi, chytridiomycosis, chytridiomycosis, frog chytrid fungus
Bemisia tabaci insect cotton whitefly, mosca blanca, sweet potato whitefly, sweetpotato whitefly, Weisse Fliege
Boiga irregularis reptile Brown catsnake, brown tree snake, brown treesnake, culepla, kulebla
Bufo marinus = Rhinella marina amphibian cane toad, Aga-Kröte, bufo toad, bullfrog, crapaud, giant American toad, giant neotropical toad, giant toad, kwapp, macao, maco pempen, Maco toro, marine Toad, Suriname toad, rietpadda
Capra hircus mammal goat, Hausziege
Carcinus maenas crustacean European green crab, European shore crab, green crab, le crabe enragé, le crabe vert, le crabe vert europeén, shore crab, Strandkrabbe
Caulerpa taxifolia alga caulerpa, killer alga, lukay-lukay, sea weed
Cecropia peltata tree faux-ricin, parasolier, pisse-roux, pumpwood, trumpet tree, yagrumo hembra, snakewood
Cercopagis pengoi crustacean fishhook waterflea, Kaspischer Wasserfloh
Cervus elaphus mammal red deer, cerf elaphe, Ciervo colorado, deer, Edelhirsch, elk, European red deer, Rothirsch, Rotwild, Rothirsch, rooihert, wapiti
Chromolaena odorata herb Siam weed, agonoi, bitter bush, Christmas bush, devil weed, camfhur grass, common floss flower, chromolaena, hagonoy, herbe du Laos, huluhagonoi, jack in the bush, kesengesil, mahsrihsrihk, masigsig, ngesngesil, otuot, paraffienbos, rumput belalang, rumput golkar, rumput putih, Siam-Kraut, triffid weed, wisolmatenrehwei
Cinara cupressi insect cypress aphid
Cinchona pubescens tree arbre à quinine, cascarilla, Chinarindenbaum, hoja ahumada, hoja de zambo, quinine, quinoa, quinquina, red cinchona, roja, rosada, Roter Chinarindenbaum
Clarias batrachus fish walking catfish, alimudan, cá trê tráng, cá trèn trang, clarias catfish, climbing perch, freshwater catfish, Froschwels, hito, htong batukan, ikan keli, ikan lele, Ito, kawatsi, keli, klarievyi som, koi, konnamonni, kug-ga, leleh, magur, mah-gur, mangri, marpoo, masarai, mungri, nga-khoo, pa douk, paltat, pantat, pla duk, pla duk dam, pla duk dan, pla duk nam jued, pla duk nam juend, Thai hito, Thailand catfish, trey andaing roueng, trey andeng, Wanderwels, Yerivahlay
Clidemia hirta shrub Koster's curse, clidemia, clidémie hérissée, faux vatouk, Hirten-Schwarzmundgewaechs, kaurasiga, kaurasinga, kauresinga, kui, kúi, mbona na mbulamakau, ndraunisinga, roinisinga, soap bush, soapbush, tabac-bœuf, vuti
Coptotermes formosanus insect Formosa termite, Formosan subterranean termite
Corbula amurensis mollusc Amur river clam, Amur river corbula, Asian bivalve, Asian clam, brackish-water corbula, Chinese clam, marine clam, Nordpazifik-Venusmuschel, Numakodaki
Cryphonectria parasitica fungus chestnut blight, Edelkastanienkrebs, kastaiingskimmel
Cyprinus carpio fish common carp, Cá Chép, carp, carpa, carpat, carpe, carpe, carpe commune, carpeau, carpo, cerpyn, ciortan, ciortanica, ciortocrap, ciuciulean, crap, crapcean, cyprinos, escarpo, Europäischer Karpfen, European carp, fancy carp, feral carp, German carp, grass carp, grivadi, ikan mas, Japanese domesticated carp, kapoor-e-maamoli, kapor, kapr obecný, karp, karp dziki a. sazan, karpa, karpar, karpe, Karpe, karpen, karper, karpfen, karpion, karppi, kerpaille, king carp, koi, koi carp, korop, krap, krapi, kyprinos, læderkarpe, lauk mas, leather carp, leekoh, lei ue, mas massan, mirror carp, olocari, Oriental carp, pa nai, pba ni, pla nai, ponty, punjabe gad, rata pethiya, saran, Saran, sarmão, sazan, sazan baligi, scale carp, sharan, skælkarpe, soneri masha, spejlkarpe, sulari, suloi, tikure, trey carp samahn, trey kap, ulucari, weißfische, wild carp, wildkarpfen
Dreissena polymorpha mollusc dreisena, Eurasian zebra mussel, moule zebra, racicznica zmienna, svitraina gliemene, tavaline ehk muutlik rändkarp, vaeltajasimpukka, vandremusling, vandringsmussla, wandering mussel, zebra mussel
Eichhornia crassipes aquatic plant water hyacinth, aguapé, bekabe kairanga, bung el ralm, bung el ralm, floating water hyacinth, jacinthe d'eau, jacinto de agua, jacinto-aquatico, jal khumbe, jal kumbhi, lechuguilla, lila de agua, lirio acuatico, mbekambekairanga, riri vai, waterhiasint, wasserhyazinthe, water orchid, wota haisin
Eleutherodactylus coqui amphibian Caribbean tree frog, common coqui, Coqui, Puerto Rican treefrog
Eriocheir sinensis crustacean Chinese mitten crab, big sluice crab, Chinese Wolhandkrab, Chinese freshwater edible crab, Chinese river crab, Chinesische Wollhandkrabbe, crabe Chinois, hiina villkäpp-krabi, Kinas cimdinkrabis, Kinesisk uldhåndskrabbe, Kinesisk ullhandskrabba, Kinesisk ullhåndskrabbe, Kinijos krabas, Kitajskij mokhnatorukij krab, krab welnistoszczypcy, Shanghai hairy crab, villasaksirapu
Euglandina rosea mollusc Cannibal snail, escargot carnivore de Floride, euglandine, Rosige Wolfsschnecke, rosy wolf snail
Euphorbia esula herb leafy spurge, Esels-Wolfsmilch, green spurge, spurge, wolf's milk
Fallopia japonica = Polygonum cuspidatum shrub crimson beauty, donkey rhubarb, fleeceflower, German sausage, huzhang, itadori, Japanese bamboo, Japanese fleece flower, Japanese knotweed, Japanese polygonum, kontiki bamboo, Mexican-bamboo, peashooter plant, renouée du Japon, reynoutria fleece flower, sally rhubarb
Felis catus mammal cat, domestic cat, feral cat, Hauskatze, house cat, huiskat, poti, pusiniveikau
Gambusia affinis fish Mosquitofish, Barkaleci, Dai to ue, Gambusia, Gambusie, Gambusino, Gambuzia, Gambuzia pospolita, Gambuzija, guayacon mosquito, Isdang canal, Kadayashi, Koboldkärpfling, Kounoupopsaro, Live-bearing tooth-carp, Mosquito fish, Obyknovennaya gambuziya, pez mosquito, San hang ue, Silberkärpfling, tes, Texaskärpfling, Topminnow, westelike muskietvis, western mosquitofish, Western mosquitofish
Hedychium gardnerianum herb ginger lily, awapuhi kahili, cevuga dromodromo, conteira, Girlandenblume, Jin jiang hua, kahila garland-lily, kahili, kahili-gemmerlelie, kahili ginger, kopi, longose, sinter weitahta, sunkevara, wild ginger
Herpestes javanicus mammal beji, Kleiner Mungo, mangouste, mangus, mweyba, newla, small Asian mongoose, small Indian mongoose
Hiptage benghalensis shrub adimurtte, adirganti, atimukta, Benghalen-Liane, chandravalli, haldavel, hiptage, kampti, kamuka, liana papillon, liane cythère, liane de cerf, liane du Bengale, liane fleur d'orange, madhalata, madhavi, Madhavi, Madhavi, madhumalati, madmalati, ragotpiti, vasantduti
Imperata cylindrica grass alang-alang, blady grass, Blutgras, carrizo, cogon grass, donsgras, gi, impérata cylindrique, japgrass, Japanese bloodgrass, kunai, lalang, ngi, paille de dys, paillotte, satintail, speargrass
Lantana camara shrub ach man, angel lips, ayam, big sage, blacksage, bunga tayi, cambara de espinto, cuasquito, flowered sage, gomdagga, lantana, lantana wildtype, largeleaf lantana, latora moa, pha-ka-krong, prickly lantana, shrub verbean, Spanish Flag, supirrosa, Wandelröschen, West Indian Lantana, white sage, wild sage
Lates niloticus fish Nile perch, African snook, capitaine, chengu, mbuta, nijlbaars, nilabborre, Nilbarsch, nile perch, perca di nilo, perche du nil, persico del nilo, sangara, Victoria perch, victoriabaars, victoriabarsch
Leucaena leucocephala tree White Leadtree acacia palida, aroma blanca, balori, bo chet, cassis, false koa, faux mimosa, faux-acacia, fua pepe, ganitnityuwan tangantan, graines de lin, guaje, guaslim, guaxin, huaxin, horse/wild tamarind, huaxin, ipil-ipil, jumbie bean, kan thin, kanthum thect, koa haole, koa-haole, kra thin, kratin, lamtoro, lead tree, leucaena, Leucaena, liliak, lino criollo, lopa samoa, lusina, nito, pepe, reusewattel, rohbohtin, schemu, siale mohemohe, stuipboom, subabul, tamarindo silvestre, tangantangan, tangan-tangan, te kaitetua, telentund, tuhngantuhngan, uaxim, vaivai, vaivai dina, vaivai ni vavalangi, wild mimosa, wild tamarind, zarcilla
Ligustrum robustum shrub bora-bora, Ceylon Privét, Sri Lankan privet, tree privet, troene
Linepithema humile insect Argentine ant, Argentinische Ameise, Argentynse mier, formiga-argentina
Lymantria dispar insect Asian gypsy moth, erdei gyapjaslepke, gubar, gypsy moth, lagarta peluda, limantria, løVstraesnonne, maimai-ga, mniska vel’kohlava, Schwammspinner, spongieuse
Lythrum salicaria herb Blutweiderich, purple loosestrife, purple lythrum, rainbow weed, salicaire, spiked loosestrife
Macaca fascicularis mammal crab-eating macaque, long-tailed macaque
Melaleuca quinquenervia tree Paperbark teatree, aceite de cayeput, balsamo de cayeput, belbowrie, bottle brush tree, broadleaf paperbark tree, broadleaf teatree, broad-leaved paperbark tree, cajeput, capeputi, corcho, five-veined paperbark tree, itahou, kayu putih, Mao-Holzrose, melaleuca, melaleuka, niaouli, niaouli, numbah, paper bark tree, punk tree, white bottlebrush tree
Miconia calvescens tree bush currant, cancer vert, cancer vert, miconia, purple plague, velvet tree
Micropterus salmoides fish Largemouth bass, achigã, achigan, achigan à grande bouche, American black bass, bas dehanbozorg, bas wielkogeby, bass, bass wielkgebowy, biban cu gura mare, black bass, bolsherotnyi amerikanskii tscherny okun, bol'sherotyi chernyi okun', buraku basu, fekete sügér, forelbaars, forellenbarsch, green bass, green trout, grootbekbaars, großmäuliger Schwarzbarsch, huro, isobassi, khorshid Mahi Baleh Kuchak, lakseabbor, largemouth black bass, lobina negra, lobina-truche, northern largemouth bass, okounek pstruhový, okuchibasu, Öringsaborre, Ørredaborre, ostracka, ostracka lososovitá, perca americana, perche d'Amérique, perche noire, perche truite, persico trota, stormundet black bass, stormundet ørredaborre, tam suy lo ue, zwarte baars
Mikania micrantha vine, climber American rope, Chinese creeper, Chinesischer Sommerefeu, fue saina, liane americaine, mile-a-minute weed, ovaova, usuvanua, wa bosucu, wa mbosuthu, wa mbosuvu, wa mbutako, wa ndamele
Mimosa pigra shrub bashful plant, catclaw, catclaw mimosa, chi yop, columbi-da-lagoa, eomrmidera, espino, giant sensitive plant, giant sensitive tree, giant trembling plant, juquiri, juquiri grand, kembang gajah, mai yah raap yak, maiyarap ton, malicia-de-boi, mimosa, mimosa, mimose, putri malu, raak-my-nie, semalu gajah, sensitiva, trinh nu nhon, una de gato, xao ho
Mnemiopsis leidyi comb jelly American comb jelly, comb jelly, comb jellyfish, Rippenqualle, sea gooseberry, sea walnut, Venus' girdle, warty comb jelly
Mus musculus mammal field mouse, biganuelo, Hausmaus, house mouse, kiore-iti, raton casero, souris commune, wood mouse
Mustela erminea mammal stoat, ermine, ermine, Grosswiesel, Hermelin, hermelyn, hermine, short-tailed weasel
Myocastor coypus mammal bewerrot, Biberratte, coipù, coypu, nutria, ragondin, ratão-do-banhado, Sumpfbiber
Morella faya shrub candleberry myrtle, fayatree, Feuerbaum, fire tree, firebush
Mytilus galloprovincialis mollusc bay mussel, blue mussel, Mediterranean mussel, Mittelmeer-Miesmuschel
Oncorhynchus mykiss fish Rainbow trout, Alabalik, Alabalik türü, Amerikaniki Pestrofa, Aure, Baiser, Baja California rainbow trout, Coast angel trout, Coast rainbow trout, Coast range trout, Dagova pastarva, Forel rajduzhna, Forelle, Hardhead, Kamchatka steelhead, Kamchatka trout, Kamloops, Kamloops trout, Kirjolohi, K'wsech, Lord-fish, Masu, Nijimasu, Orret, Pastrva, Pestropha, pstrag teczowy, Pstrag teczowy, Pstruh duhový, Pstruh dúhový, Redband, redband trout, reënboogforel, Regenbogenforelle, Regenbogenforelle, Regenboogforel, Regnbåge, Regnbågslax, Regnbogasilungur, Regnbueørred, Regnbueørret, Salmon trout, Salmones del Pacífico, Silver trout, Stahlkopfforelle, Stålhovedørred, Steelhead, steelhead trout, Steelhead trout, Summer salmon, Sxew'k'em, Trofta ylberi, Trofte ylberi, Trota, Trota iridea, Trucha, trucha arco iris, Trucha arco iris, Trucha arcoiris, truite arc-en-ciel, Truta, Truta-arco-iris, Urriöi
Ophiostoma ulmi sensu lato fungus dutch elm disease, Schlauchpilz
Opuntia stricta shrub common prickly pear, Araluen pear, Australian pest pear, chumbera, common pest pear, erect prickly pear, Feigenkaktus, gayndah pear, nopal estricto, pest pear of Australia, sour prickly pear, spiny pest pear, suurturksvy
Oreochromis mossambicus fish Tilapia, bloukurper, common tilapia, fai chau chak ue, Java tilapia, kawasuzume, kurper bream, malea, mojarra, Mosambik-Maulbrüter, Mozambikskaya tilapiya, Mozambique cichlid, Mozambique mouth-breeder, Mozambique mouthbrooder, Mozambique tilapia, mphende, mujair, nkobue, tilapia, tilapia del Mozambique, tilapia du Mozambique, tilapia mossambica, tilapia mozámbica, trey tilapia khmao, weißkehlbarsch, wu-kuo yu
Oryctolagus cuniculus mammal rabbit, Europäisches Wildkaninchen, Kaninchen, konyn, lapin
Pheidole megacephala insect big-headed ant, brown house-ant, coastal brown-ant, Grosskopfameise, lion ant
Phytophthora cinnamomi fungus cinnamon fungus, green fruit rot, heart rot, jarrah dieback, phytophthora crown and root rot, Phytophthora (Fäule der Scheinzypresse), phytophthora root rot, phytophthora-wortelvrot, seedling blight, stem canker, wildflower dieback
Pinus pinaster tree cluster pine, maritime pine, trosden
Plasmodium relictum micro-organism avian malaria, paludisme des oiseaux, voëlmalaria, Vogelmalaria
Platydemus manokwari flatworm New Guinea flatworm, Flachwurm, flatworm, snail-eating flatworm
Pomacea canaliculata mollusc apple snail, channeled apple snail, Gelbe Apfelschnecke, golden apple snail, golden kuhol, miracle snail
Prosopis glandulosa tree heuning-prosopis, honey mesquite, mesquite, Mesquite-Busch, Texas mesquite
Psidium cattleianum shrub aarbeikoejawel, cattley guava, cherry guava, Chinese guava, Erdbeer-Guave, gargoulette, gouyavier, goyave de Chine, kuahpa, ngguava, purple strawberry guava, strawberry guava, tuava tinito, waiawi
Pueraria montana var. lobata vine, climber acha, aka, foot-a-night vine, Japanese arrowroot, Ko-hemp, Kopoubohne, kudzu, kudzu común, kudzu vine, Kudzu-Kletterwein, kuzu, nepalem, vigne japonaise, vine-that-ate-the-South, wa yaka
Pycnonotus cafer bird bulbul à ventre rouge, bulbul cafre, red-vented bulbul, rooigattiptol, Rußbülbül
Lithobates catesbeianus = Rana catesbeiana amphibian brulkikker, bullfrog, grenouille taureau, North American bullfrog, Ochsenfrosch, rana toro, stierkikker
Rattus rattus mammal black rat, blue rat, bush rat, European house rat, Hausratte, huisrot, roof rat, ship rat
Rubus ellipticus shrub Asian wild raspberry, broad-leafed bramble, Ceylon blackberry, eelkek, golden evergreen raspberry, Himalaya-Wildhimbeere, kohkihl, Molucca berry, Molucca bramble, Molucca raspberry, piquant lou-lou, robust blackberry, soni, wa ngandrongandro, wa sori, wa votovotoa, wild blackberry, wild raspberry, yellow Himalayan raspberry
Salmo trutta fish Brown trout, an breac geal, aure, Bachforelle, blacktail, breac geal, brook trout, bruinforel, denizalabaligi, denizalasi, Europäische Forelle, finnock, forelle, galway sea trout, gillaroo, gwyniedyn, havørred, havsöring, herling, hirling, kumzha, k'wsech, lachförch, Lachsforelle, lassföhren, losos taimen, losos' taimen, mahiazad-e-daryaye khazar, Meerforelle, meritaimen, morska postrv, morskaya forel', orange fin, öring, orkney sea trout, ørred, ørret, pastrav de mare, peal, pstruh morsky, pstruh obecný, pstruh obecný severomorský, pstruh obycajný, salmo trota, salmon trout, sea trout, sewin, siwin, sjøaure, sjøørret, sjourrioi, taimen, thalasopestrofa, troc, troc wedrowna, trota fario, trout, trucha, trucha común, trucha marina, truita, truite brune, truite brune de mer, truite de mer, truite d'europe, truta marisca, truta-de-lago, truta-fário, truta-marisca, urriði, whiting, whitling, zeeforel
Salvinia molesta floating aquatic fern giant salvinia
Schinus terebinthifolius tree Brasiliaanse peperboom, Brazilian holly, Brazilian pepper, Brazilian pepper tree, Christmas berry, faux poivrier, Florida holly, Mexican pepper, pimienta de Brasil, poivre rose, Rosapfeffer, warui
Sciurus carolinensis mammal gray squirrel, Grauhörnchen, grey squirrel, gryseekhoring, scoiattolo grigio
Solenopsis invicta insect fourmi de feu, red imported fire ant RIFA, Rote Importierte Feuerameise
Spartina anglica grass common cord grass, Englisches Schlickgras, rice grass, townsends grass
Spathodea campanulata tree African tulip tree, Afrikanischer Tulpenbaum, amapola, apär, baton du sorcier, fa‘apasi, fireball, flame of the forest, fountain tree, Indian Cedar, ko‘i‘i, mata ko‘i‘I, mimi, orsachel kui, patiti vai, pisse-pisse, pititi vai, rarningobchey, Santo Domingo Mahogany, taga mimi, tiulipe, tuhke dulip, tulipan africano, tulipier du Gabon, vlamboom
Sphagneticola trilobata herb ate, atiat, creeping ox-eye, dihpw ongohng, Hasenfuss, ngesil ra ngebard, rosrangrang, Singapore daisy, trailing daisy, tuhke ongohng, ut mõkadkad, ut telia, wedelia
Sturnus vulgaris bird common starling, English starling, estornino pinto, etourneau sansonnet, étourneau sansonnet, Europäischer Star, European starling, Europese spreeu
Sus scrofa mammal pig, kuhukuhu, kune-kune, petapeta, poretere, razorback, te poaka, Wildschwein, wildevark
Tamarix ramosissima shrub perstamarisk, salt cedar, Sommertamariske, tamarisk, tamarix
Trachemys scripta elegans reptile red-eared slider, Buchstaben-Schmuckschildkröte, Krasnoukhaya cherepakha, Nordamerikansk terrapin, punakorvakilpikonna, punakõrv-ilukilpkonn, raudonausis vežlys, raudonskruostis vežlys, red-eared slider terrapin, rödörad vattensköldpadda, rødøret terrapin, rødøreterrapin, rooioorwaterskilpad, Rotwangen-Schmuckschildkröte, sarkanausu brunurupucis, slider, tortue à tempe rouge, tortue de Floride, zólw czerwonolicy, zólw czerwonouchy, zólw ozdobny
Trichosurus vulpecula mammal brushtail possum, Fuchskusu, wolstertpossum
Trogoderma granarium insect escarabajo khapra, khapra beetle, Khaprakäfer, trogoderma dermeste du grain
Ulex europaeus shrub ajonc, ajonc d'Europe, bois jonc, chacay, furze, Gaspeldoorn, gaspeldoring, genêt, Ginestra spinosa, gorse, jonc marin, kolcolist zachodni, picapica, Stechginster, Tojo, vigneau, Irish furze, whin, zépinard des hauts
Undaria pinnatifida alga wakame, apron-ribbon vegetable, Asian kelp, haijiecai, Japanese kelp, miyeuk, qundaicai, Wakame-seegras
Vespula vulgaris insect common wasp, common yellowjacket, Gemeine Wespe, gewone wespe
Vulpes vulpes mammal red fox, black or cross fox, fuchs, lape, lis, raposa, renard, rev, Rotfuchs, rooivos, silver, volpe, vos, zorro
Wasmannia auropunctata insect albayalde, cocoa tree-ant, formi électrique, formiga pixixica, fourmi électrique, fourmi rouge, hormiga colorada, hormiga roja, hormiguilla, little fire ant, little introduced fire ant, little red fire ant, pequena hormiga de fuego, petit fourmi de feu, Rote Feuerameise, sangunagenta, satanica, small fire ant, tsangonawenda, West Indian stinging ant

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "100 of the World's Worst Invasive Alien Species". Global Invasive Species Database. Retrieved 26 January 2014.