List of titles and honours of Elizabeth II

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The Queen wearing her royal family orders and insignia of the Order of the Garter
The Queen wearing the insignia of the Sovereign of the Order of New Zealand, the Order of Merit, and the Queen's Service Order
The Queen wearing the insignia of the Sovereign of the Order of Australia
The Queen wearing the Grand Collar of the Order of the Aztec Eagle, the highest Mexican order awarded to foreign heads of state
The Queen wearing the star and collar of the Order of the Southern Cross, the highest Brazilian order awarded to foreign heads of state

Queen Elizabeth II wearing orders and decorations of different countries

Elizabeth II (born 21 April 1926) has held numerous titles and honours, both during and before her time as monarch of each of her Commonwealth realms. Each is listed below; where two dates are shown, the first indicates the date of receiving the title or award (the title as Princess Elizabeth of York being given as from her birth), and the second indicates the date of its loss or renunciation.

Royal titles and styles[edit]

Styles of
Queen Elizabeth II
Royal Cypher of Queen Elizabeth II.svg
Reference styleHer Majesty
Spoken styleYour Majesty
  • 21 April 1926 – 11 December 1936: Her Royal Highness Princess Elizabeth of York
  • 11 December 1936 – 20 November 1947: Her Royal Highness The Princess Elizabeth
  • 20 November 1947 – 6 February 1952: Her Royal Highness The Princess Elizabeth, Duchess of Edinburgh, Countess of Merioneth and Baroness Greenwich[1]
  • Since 6 February 1952: Her Majesty The Queen

Upon Elizabeth's accession to the throne, she was asked by her Private Secretary what her regnal name would be, to which she responded, "My own, of course—what else?"[2] Until 1953, her official style was by the Grace of God, of Great Britain, Ireland and the British Dominions beyond the Seas, Queen, Defender of the Faith.[3] She was proclaimed as queen using that title in Canada and South Africa,[4][5] whereas, in Australia,[6] New Zealand, and the United Kingdom,[7] she was proclaimed as Queen Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God Queen of this Realm and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith.

A decision was reached by Elizabeth's prime ministers at the Commonwealth Prime Ministers' Conference of 1952, whereby the Queen would accord herself different styles and titles in each of her realms, reflecting that in each state she acted as monarch of that particular country,[8] regardless of her other roles. Canada's preferred format was: Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of Canada and of Her other realms and territories, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith.[9] However, as Australia wished to have the United Kingdom mentioned in all the Queen's titles,[10] the resolution reached was a designation that included the United Kingdom as well as, for the first time, separate reference to the other Commonwealth realms. Thereafter, separate but parallel royal styles and titles acts were passed in each of the Commonwealth realms, granting Elizabeth a distinct but similarly constituted title in each state,[8] meaning that when Elizabeth was crowned in the same year, she held seven separate titles.

With further evolution of the Commonwealth since that time, Elizabeth now holds 15 different regnal titles, one for each of the current Commonwealth realms. In all realms other than Canada and Grenada, the reference to the United Kingdom has been removed; Australia doing so in 1973,[11] in contrast to the Australian government's position 20 years earlier. Traditionally, the Queen's titles are listed in the order in which the realms other than the United Kingdom (the original realm) first became Dominions—namely, Canada (1867), Australia (1901), and New Zealand (1907)—followed by the rest in the order in which the former colony became an independent realm: Jamaica (1962), The Bahamas (1973), Grenada (1974), Papua New Guinea (1975), the Solomon Islands (1978), Tuvalu (1978), Saint Lucia (1979), Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (1979), Belize (1981), Antigua and Barbuda (1981) and Saint Kitts and Nevis (1983).

Though the situation was the same in every one of the Queen's realms beyond the United Kingdom, only within Scotland did the title Elizabeth II cause controversy as there had never been an Elizabeth I in Scotland. In an act of sabotage, new Royal Mail post boxes in Scotland, bearing the royal cypher EIIR, were vandalised, after which, to avoid further problems, post boxes and Royal Mail vehicles in Scotland bore only the Crown of Scotland. A legal case, MacCormick v. Lord Advocate (1953 SC 396), was taken to contest the right of the Queen to title herself Elizabeth II within Scotland, arguing that to do so would be a breach of the Act of Union. The case, however, was lost on the grounds that the pursuers had not title to sue the Crown and the numbering of monarchs was part of the Royal Prerogative, and thus not governed by the Act of Union. It was suggested by Winston Churchill that future British monarchs should be numbered according to either their English or Scottish predecessors, whichever number is higher.[12]

Less publicised controversies included the argument that the monarch was addressed as Your Grace in the pre-union Kingdom of Scotland (the monarchs of Renaissance England had been called both "Your Grace" and "Your Majesty"[13]) and that the standard title had been King/Queen of Scots (rex/regina scotorum) rather than of Scotland (rex/regina scotiae). At the opening ceremony of the devolved Scottish Parliament in Edinburgh in 1999, attended by the Queen, the Presiding Officer Lord Steel said at the close of his opening address: "It is good that today, once again, we the elected representatives of the people are able to welcome your majesty, not only as Queen of the United Kingdom, but seated as you are among us, to greet you in the historic and constitutionally correct manner, with warmth and affection, as Queen of Scots."[14] In 2002 Winnie Ewing, then president of the Scottish National Party, wrote to the Queen asking her to adopt the title "Elizabeth I" in Scotland.[15]

Current[edit]

Country Date Title
The Americas
 Antigua and Barbuda
1 November 1981
 –
11 February 1982
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith[16][17]
11 February 1982
 –
present
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of Antigua and Barbuda and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth[18][19][17]
 The Bahamas
10 July 1973
 –
27 December 1973
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of The Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith[16][20]
27 December 1973
 –
present
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of the Commonwealth of The Bahamas and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth[21][20][22]
 Belize
21 September 1981
 –
1981
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith[16][23]
1981 – present
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of Belize and of Her Other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth[24][23]
 Canada
6 February 1952
 –
29 May 1953
In English: Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, of Great Britain, Ireland and the British Dominions beyond the Seas Queen, Defender of the Faith[25][26]

In French: Elizabeth Deux, par la Grâce de Dieu, Reine de Grande-Bretagne, d'Irlande et des Territoires britanniques au delà des mers, Défenseur de la Foi[26]

29 May 1953
 –
present
In English: Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God of the United Kingdom, Canada and Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith[27][26][N 1][25]

In French: Elizabeth Deux, par la grâce de Dieu Reine du Royaume-Uni, du Canada et de ses autres royaumes et territoires, Chef du Commonwealth, Défenseur de la Foi[26][29][N 2][25]

 Grenada
7 February 1974
 –
1974
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of The Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith[16][30]
1974 – present
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Grenada and Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth[31][30]
 Jamaica
6 August 1962
 –
31 August 1962
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith[16][32]
31 August 1962
 –
present
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God of Jamaica and of Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth[33][32]
 Saint Kitts and Nevis
19 September 1983
 –
1983
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of The Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith[16][34]
1983 – present
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God of Saint Christopher and Nevis Queen, Head of the Commonwealth[35][36][34]
 Saint Lucia
22 February 1979
 –
1979
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of The Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith[16][37]
1979 – present
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God Queen of Saint Lucia and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth[38][37]
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
27 October 1979
 –
1979
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of The Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith[16][39]
1979 – present
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth[40][39]
The British Isles
 United Kingdom
6 February 1952
 –
28 May 1953
In English: Elizabeth II, by the Grace of God, of Great Britain, Ireland and the British Dominions beyond the Seas Queen, Defender of the Faith[41][42]

In Latin: Elizabeth II, Dei Gratia Magnae Britanniae, Hiberniae et terrarum transmarinarum quae in ditione sunt Britannica Regina, Fidei Defensor[43][44]

29 May 1953
 –
present
In English: Elizabeth II, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith[16][3][42]

In Latin: Elizabeth II, Dei Gratia Britanniarum Regnorumque Suorum Ceterorum Regina, Consortionis Populorum Princeps, Fidei Defensor[43]

In Welsh: Elizabeth yr Ail, trwy Ras Duw, o Deyrnas Unedig Prydain Fawr a Gogledd Iwerddon a'i Theyrnasoedd a'i Thiriogaethau eraill, Brenhines, Pennaeth y Gymanwlad, Amddiffynnydd y Ffydd[45]

Oceania
 Australia
6 February 1952
 –
29 May 1953
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, of Great Britain, Ireland and the British Dominions beyond the Seas Queen, Defender of the Faith[41][46]
29 May 1953
 –
19 October 1973
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom, Australia and Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith[N 3][48][46][49]
19 October 1973
 –
present
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God Queen of Australia and Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth[50][46][51]
New Zealand New Zealand
6 February 1952
 –
29 May 1953
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, of Great Britain, Ireland and the British Dominions beyond the Seas Queen, Defender of the Faith[41][52]
29 May 1953
 –
6 February 1974
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom, New Zealand and Her Other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith[52][53]
6 February 1974
 –
present
In English: Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God Queen of New Zealand and Her Other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith[54][52]

In Māori: Erihāpeti Te Tuarua, I te atawhai a te Atua, ko ia nei te Kuini o Aotearoa me Ērā Atu o Ōna Whenua, Rohe hoki, te Ūpoko o te Kotahitanga o Ngā Whenua i Raro i Tōna Maru, te Kaipupuri i te Mana o te Hāhi o Ingarangi[52][55]

 Papua New Guinea
16 September 1975
 –
present
Elizabeth the Second, Queen of Papua New Guinea and Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth[56][57][58]
 Solomon Islands
7 July 1978
 –
1 November 2013
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith[16][59]
1 November 2013
 –
present
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of Solomon Islands and Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth[59][60]
 Tuvalu
1 October 1978
 –
12 May 1987
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith[16][61][62]
12 May 1987
 –
present
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God Queen of Tuvalu and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth[63][61][64]

Former[edit]

Country Date Title
Africa
 Ghana
6 March 1957
 –
27 July 1957
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith[16][65]
27 July 1957
 –
30 June 1960
Elizabeth the Second, Queen of Ghana and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth[66][65]
 Nigeria
1 October 1960
 –
1 June 1961
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith[16][67][68]
1 June 1961
 –
1 October 1963
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God Queen of Nigeria and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth[67][69][70][68]
 Sierra Leone
27 April 1961
 –
16 November 1961
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith[16][71]
16 November 1961
 –
19 April 1971
Elizabeth the Second, Queen of Sierra Leone and of Her Other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth[72][71][73]
 Tanganyika[N 4]
9 December 1961
 –
12 January 1962
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith[16][74]
12 January 1962
 –
9 December 1962
Elizabeth the Second, Queen of Tanganyika and of Her Other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth[74][75][76]
 Uganda
9 October 1962
 –
2 November 1962
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith[16][77]
2 November 1962
 –
9 October 1963
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of Uganda and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth[77][78][79]
 Kenya
12 December 1963
 –
21 April 1964
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith[16][80]
21 April 1964
 –
12 December 1964
Elizabeth the Second, Queen of Kenya and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth[80][81][82]
 Malawi
6 July 1964
 –
1964
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith[16][83]
1964
 –
6 July 1966
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God Queen of Malawi and of Her other Reals and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth[83][84]
 Mauritius
12 March 1968
 –
25 April 1968
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith[16][85]
25 April 1968
 –
12 March 1992
Elizabeth the Second, Queen of Mauritius and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth[86][85][87]
 South Africa
6 February 1952
 –
29 May 1953
In English: Elizabeth II, by the Grace of God of Great Britain, Ireland and the British Dominions beyond the Seas Queen, Defender of the Faith[44][88]

In Afrikaans: Elizabeth II, Deur Gods Genade, van Groot-Brittanje, Ierland en die Britse Oorsese Geweste Koningin, Verdediger van die Geloof[88]

In Latin: Elizabeth II, Dei Gratia Magnae Britanniae, Hiberniae et terrarum transmarinarum quae in ditione sunt Britannica Regina, Fidei Defensor[44]

29 May 1953
 –
31 May 1961
In English: Elizabeth II, Queen of South Africa and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth[44][88]

In Afrikaans: Elizabeth II, Koningin van Suid-Afrika en van Haar ander Koninkryke en Gebiede, Hoof van die Statebond[44][88]

In Latin: Elizabeth II, Africae Australis regnorumque suo rum ceterorum Regina, consortionis populorum Princeps[44]

 Gambia
18 February 1965
 –
18 June 1965
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith[16][89]
18 June 1965
 –
24 April 1970
Elizabeth the Second, Queen of The Gambia and all Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth[89][90][84]
The Americas
 Trinidad and Tobago
31 August 1962
 –
2 November 1962
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith[16][91]
2 November 1962
 –
1 August 1976
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of Trinidad and Tobago and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth[91][92][93]
 Guyana
26 May 1966
 –
18 June 1966
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith[16][94]
18 June 1966
 –
23 February 1970
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of Guyana and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth[94][95][93]
 Barbados
30 November 1966
 –
4 May 1967
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith[16][96]
4 May 1967
 –
30 November 2021
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of Barbados and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth[97][96][98]
Asia
 Pakistan
6 February 1952
 –
29 May 1953
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, of Great Britain, Ireland and the British Dominions beyond the Seas Queen, Defender of the Faith[41][99]
29 May 1953
 –
23 March 1956
Elizabeth the Second, Queen of the United Kingdom and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth[100][99]
 Ceylon[N 5]
6 February 1952
 –
29 May 1953
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, of Great Britain, Ireland and the British Dominions beyond the Seas Queen, Defender of the Faith[41][101]
29 May 1953
 –
22 May 1972
Elizabeth the Second, Queen of Ceylon and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth[102][101]
Europe
 Malta
21 September 1964
 –
18 January 1965
In English: Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith[16][103]

In Maltese: Eliżabetta II, Għall-Grazzja t’Alla tar-Renju Unit tal-Britannja l-Kbira u ta’ l-Irlanda ta’ Fuq u tar-Renji u t-Territorji l-Oħra Tagħha, Reġina, Kap tal-Commonwealth u Difenditriċi tal-Fidi[103]

18 January 1965
 –
13 December 1974
In English: Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of Malta and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth[103][104][93]

In Maltese: Eliżabetta II, Għall-Grazzja t’Alla, Reġina ta’ Malta u tar-Renji u t-Territorji l-Oħra Tagħha, Kap tal-Commonwealth[103][105]

Oceania
 Fiji
10 October 1970
 –
27 November 1970
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith[16][106]
27 November 1970
 –
6 October 1987
Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of Fiji and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth[86][106]

Other[edit]

Region Date Title Ref
 Australia
6 February 1952 – present
Head and Fountain of Justice, of Order, and of Honour [107][108]
Scotland Braemar, Scotland
6 February 1952 – present
Chieftain of the Braemar Gathering [109][110]
Commonwealth Realms
6 February 1952 – present
Fount of Honour [111][112][113]
Duchy of Lancaster
6 February 1952 – present
Duke of Lancaster [114][115]
 England
6 February 1952 – present
Seigneur of the Swans [116][117][118]
 Fiji
1961 – 14 March 2012
In Fijian: Ilisapeci – Na Radi ni Viti kei Peritania

In English: Elizabeth – Queen of Fiji and Great Britain

[119]
1998 – 14 March 2012
In Fijian: Tui Viti or Vunivalu

In English: Queen or paramount chief of Fiji

[120]
 Gibraltar
6 May 2010 – present
Queen of Gibraltar [121][N 6]
 Guernsey
6 February 1952 – present
Duke of Normandy [123]
 Isle of Man
6 February 1952 – present
Lord of Mann [123]
 Jersey
6 February 1952 – present
Duke of Normandy [123]
 Nebraska, United States
? – present
Admiral in the Great Navy of the State of Nebraska [124]
 Rhodesia
11 November 1965 – 2 March 1970
Queen of Rhodesia [N 7][125]
 Scotland
1 July 1999 – present
Queen of Scots [126][127][128]
 United Kingdom
6 February 1952 – present
Fount of Justice [129]
 Wales
6 August 1946 – 2019
Bard Elizabeth O Windsor [130][131][132]

Other titles[edit]

Region Title Ref
 British Columbia, Canada Mother of All People [133]
 British Hong Kong 事頭婆 (Cantonese: "Boss Lady") [134]
 Jamaica Missis Queen (In Jamaican Patois) [135][136]
The Queen Lady (In Jamaican Patois) [137][138]
 New Zealand Te Kotuku Rerengatahi (Māori: Rare White Heron of Single Flight) [139][140]
 Papua New Guinea Missis Kwin (Tok Pisin: Mrs Queen) [141][142]
Mama belong big family (In Tok Pisin) [143][144]
 Rhodesia and Nyasaland[N 8] Great White Mother of Africa [145][146]
 Russia Baba Liza (баба Лиза) (In English: Granny Liz) [147]
 Sierra Leone Mama Queen II [148]
Namuga village, Star Harbour, Makira, Solomon Islands Fe-qwerasi (A title given to a wealthy, powerful, peaceful, and loving female leader, who is capable of resolving disputes) [149]
 South Africa Motlalepula ("The Rain Queen" or "the one who brings the rain") [150][151]
 United Kingdom Princess Auto Mechanic [152][153]
The World's Sweetheart [154][155]
 Wales Ein Tywysoges (Welsh: Our Own Princess) [156][157][158]

Secret Service code name[edit]

US Secret Service code names:

Military ranks[edit]

 United Kingdom

Commonwealth of Nations honours[edit]

Commonwealth realms[edit]

Appointments[edit]

Appointments from Commonwealth realms
Country Date Appointment Ribbon Post-nominal
letters
 United Kingdom 1935 Recipient of the Royal Family Order of King George V
Royal Family Order of King George V - ribbon bar.png
1937 Recipient of the Royal Family Order of King George VI[166]
FamilyOrderGeorgeVI-ribbon.jpg
11 November 1947 – 6 February 1952 Royal Lady of the Most Noble Order of the Garter
Order of the Garter UK ribbon.png
LG
1952 – Sovereign of the Most Noble Order of the Garter
12 June 1947 – 6 February 1952 Member of the Imperial Order of the Crown of India[167]
Galó de l'Orde de l'Estrella de l'Índia.gif
CI
1952 – Sovereign of the Imperial Order of the Crown of India
1951 – 6 February 1952 Lady of His Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council PC
International 8 July 1947 – 6 February 1952 Dame Grand Cross of the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of St John of Jerusalem[168]
Order of St John (UK) ribbon.png
GCStJ
6 February 1952 – Sovereign Head of the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of St John of Jerusalem
Commonwealth realms[N 9] 6 February 1952 – Sovereign of the Royal Victorian Order
UK Royal Victorian Order ribbon.svg
6 February 1952 – Sovereign of the Order of Merit
Galó de l'Orde del Mèrit (UK).svg
6 February 1952 – Sovereign of the Order of the Companions of Honour
Order of the Companions of Honour Ribbon.gif
 United Kingdom 6 February 1952 – Sovereign of the Most Ancient and Most Noble Order of the Thistle
Order of the Thistle UK ribbon.png
6 February 1952 – Sovereign of the Most Illustrious Order of Saint Patrick
Ribbon bar Order of St. Patrick.jpg
6 February 1952 – Sovereign of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath
Order of the Bath (ribbon).svg
6 February 1952 – Sovereign of the Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George
UK Order St-Michael St-George ribbon.svg
6 February 1952 – Sovereign of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire
Order of the British Empire (Civil) Ribbon.png
6 February 1952 – Sovereign of the Distinguished Service Order
Dso-ribbon.svg
6 February 1952 – Sovereign of the Imperial Service Order
United-kingdom584.gif
6 February 1952 – Sovereign of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India
ImperialOrderCrownIndiaRibbon.svg
6 February 1952 – Sovereign of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire
Order of the Indian Empire Ribbon.svg
6 February 1952 – Sovereign of the Order of British India
OBI 1838-1939.jpg
6 February 1952 – Sovereign of the Indian Order of Merit
Lint Indische Orde van Verdienste Indian Order of Merit.jpg
6 February 1952 – Sovereign of the Order of Burma
Order of Burma (United Kingdom) - ribbon bar.png
 Canada 1957 – Chief Hunter of the Order of the Buffalo Hunt[169]
 Canada 17 April 1967 – Sovereign of the Order of Canada[170]
CAN Order of Canada Companion ribbon.svg
 Canada (British Columbia) 1971 – Member of the Order of the Dogwood
 Canada 1 July 1972 – Sovereign of the Order of Military Merit[171]
CAN Order of Military Merit Commander ribbon.svg
 Australia 14 February 1975 – Sovereign Head of the Order of Australia[172]
AUS Order of Australia (civil) BAR.svg
 New Zealand 13 March 1975 – Sovereign Head of the Queen's Service Order[173]
Ribbon bar of the Queen's Service Medal.svg
 Saint Lucia 1980 – Sovereign of the Order of St Lucia[174]
Order of Saint Lucia ribbon bar.png
 Solomon Islands 1981 – Sovereign of the Order of the Solomon Islands[citation needed]
Star of the Solomon Islands.png
 New Zealand 6 February 1987 – Sovereign of the Order of New Zealand[175]
Order of New Zealand ribbon.png
 Belize 16 August 1991 – Sovereign of the Order of the National Hero[176]
16 August 1991 – Sovereign of the Order of Belize[176]
Order of Belize - ribbon bar.png
16 August 1991 – Sovereign of the Order of Distinction[176]
Order of Distinction (Belize) - ribbon bar.png
 New Zealand 30 May 1996 – Sovereign of the New Zealand Order of Merit[177]
New Zealand Order of Merit ribbon.svg
 Bahamas 1996 – Sovereign of the Order of Merit of the Bahamas[citation needed]
Order of Merit (Bahamas).png
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 1998 – Sovereign of the Order of the National Hero[citation needed]
Order of the National Hero (Saint Kitts and Nevis).png
 Antigua and Barbuda 31 December 1998 – Sovereign of the Order of the National Hero[citation needed]
Order of the National Hero Antigua and Barbuda Ribbon.png
31 December 1998 – Sovereign of the Order of the Nation[citation needed]
Order of the Nation Antigua and Barbuda Ribbon.png
31 December 1998 – Sovereign of the Most Exalted Order of Merit (Antigua and Barbuda)[citation needed]
Order of Merit Antigua and Barbuda Ribbon.png
31 December 1998 – Sovereign of the Order of Princely Heritage[citation needed]
Order of Princely Heritage Antigua and Barbuda Ribbon.png
 Canada 3 October 2000 – Sovereign of the Order of Merit of the Police Forces[178]
CAN Order of Merit of the Police Forces Commander ribbon.svg
 Papua New Guinea 23 August 2005 – Sovereign of the Order of Logohu[179]
Order of Logohu (Papua New Guinea) ribbon.png
2005 – Sovereign of the Order of the Star of Melanesia[179]
Order of the Star of Melanesia.png
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 2005 – Sovereign of the Order of St Christopher and Nevis[citation needed]
Order of St Christopher and Nevis (Saint Kitts and Nevis).png
 Grenada 31 December 2007 – Sovereign of the Prestige Order of the National Hero[citation needed]
31 December 2007 – Sovereign of the Order of Grenada[citation needed]
GRN Order of Grenada companion ribbon.svg
 Bahamas 2016 – Sovereign of the Order of the National Hero (Bahamas)[citation needed]
2016 – Sovereign of the Order of the Nation[citation needed]
2016 – Sovereign of the Order of Excellence[citation needed]
2016 – Sovereign of the Order of Distinction (Bahamas)[citation needed]
2016 – Sovereign of the Order of Merit (Bahamas)[citation needed]
2016 – Sovereign of the Order of Lignum Vitae[citation needed]
 Tuvalu 1 October 2016 – Sovereign of the Tuvalu Order of Merit[citation needed]
TUV Tuvalu Order of Merit BAR.svg

Decorations and medals[edit]

Decorations and medals from Commonwealth realms
(shown in order given not precedence)
Country Date Decoration Ribbon Post-nominal
letters
United Kingdom British Commonwealth 1935 King George V Silver Jubilee Medal Ribbon - King George V Silver Jubilee Medal.png
United Kingdom British Commonwealth 1937 King George VI Coronation Medal Ribbon - King George VI Coronation Medal.png
 United Kingdom 1945 Defence Medal Ribbon - Defence Medal.png
 United Kingdom 1945 War Medal 1939–1945 Ribbon - War Medal.png
 Canada 1951 Canadian Forces Decoration and five bars CD-ribbon and 5 bars.png CD
 United Kingdom 11 October 2016 Naval Long Service and Good Conduct Medal and five bars[180][181] Rosette Silver 200px.pngRosette Silver 200px.pngRosette Silver 200px.pngRosette Silver 200px.pngRosette Silver 200px.png
 United Kingdom 11 October 2016 Army Long Service and Good Conduct Medal and five bars Rosette Silver 200px.pngRosette Silver 200px.pngRosette Silver 200px.pngRosette Silver 200px.pngRosette Silver 200px.png
 United Kingdom 11 October 2016 RAF Long Service and Good Conduct Medal and five bars Rosette Silver 200px.pngRosette Silver 200px.pngRosette Silver 200px.pngRosette Silver 200px.pngRosette Silver 200px.png
United Kingdom British Commonwealth 11 March 2020 ULS Extension of the Service Medal of the Order of St John with 3 Gold Bars[182] Extension of the Service medal St. John.jpg

Other Commonwealth countries[edit]

Appointments[edit]

Appointments from other (non-realm) Commonwealth countries
Country Date Appointment Ribbon Post-nominal
letters
 Tonga 19 December 1953 The Most Illustrious Order of Queen Sālote Tupou III[citation needed]
The Most Illustrious Order of Queen Salote Tupou III Member.gif
 Pakistan 1960 Nishan-e-Pakistan[3]
Order of Pakistan.png
NPk
 Nigeria 1969 Grand Commander of the Order of the Niger[3]
Ribbon bar of the Order of the Niger.gif
GCON
 Singapore 1972 Order of Temasek[3]
Darjah Utama Temasek ribbon (from 1996).png
DUT(1st)
 Malaysia 1972 Darjah Utama Seri Mahkota Negara (Kehormat)[3][183]
MY Darjah Utama Seri Mahkota Negara (Crown of the Realm) - DMN.svg
DMN
 Maldives 1972 Member of the Distinguished Order of Ghaazi[3] Nishan Ghaazeege 'Izzaitheri Veriyaa
Order of Ghazi (Maldives) - ribbon bar.png
NGIV
 Brunei 1972 Royal Family Order of the Crown of Brunei[3]
BRU Royal Family Order of the Crown of Brunei.svg
DKMB
 Kenya 1972 Order of the Golden Heart of Kenya[3]
Order of the Golden Heart of Kenya.svg
CGH
 Gambia 1974 Grand Commander of the Order of the Republic of Gambia[3]
Ord.Gambia-ribbon.gif
GCRG
 Malawi 1979 Member First Class of the Order of the Lion[3]
Ord.LionMalawi.gif
 Botswana 1979 Member of the Presidential Order[3]
PresidentialOrder.Botswana-ribbon.gif
POB
 Nigeria 1989 Grand Commander of the Order of the Federal Republic[184]
Order of the Federal Republic (civil) - Nigeria - ribbon bar.gif
GCFR
 Malta 28 May 1992 Honorary Companion of Honour of the National Order of Merit[185]
MLT National Order of Merit BAR.svg
KUOM
 Brunei 1992 Royal Family Order of the Crown of Brunei[3]
BRU Royal Family Order of the Crown of Brunei.svg
DKMB
 South Africa 1995 Grand Cross in Gold of the Order of Good Hope[3]
Ord.GoodHope-ribbon.gif
 Malta 23 October 2000 Honorary Companion of Honour with Collar of the National Order of Merit[185]
MLT National Order of Merit BAR.svg
 Malta 23 November 2005 Honorary Member of the Xirka Ġieħ ir-Repubblika[186]
MLT Xirka Gieh ir-Repubblika BAR.svg
SG
 Ghana 2007 Honorary Companion of the Order of the Star of Ghana[187]
Ribbon bar of the Order of the Star of Ghana.gif
CSG
 South Africa 2010 Companion in Gold of the Order of the Companions of O. R. Tambo[188]
Order of the Companions of O.R. Tambo (ribbon bar).gif

Decorations and medals[edit]

Decorations and medals from other (non-realm) Commonwealth countries
Country Date Decoration Ribbon Post-nominal
letters
 Dominica 1985 Dominica Award of Honour[3]
DMA Dominica Award of Honour.png
DAH
 Trinidad and Tobago 1985 Trinity Cross Medal in Gold[3]
TTO Trinity Cross.png
TC
 Brunei 1992 Sultan of Brunei Silver Jubilee Medal[3]
Sultan's Silver Jubilee Medal (1992).gif

Foreign honours[edit]

Appointments[edit]

Appointments from non-Commonwealth countries
Country Date Appointment Ribbon Post-nominal
letters
 Denmark 1947 Knight of the Order of the Elephant[3]
Order of the Elephant Ribbon bar.svg
RE
 Egypt 1948 Grand Cordon of the Order of El Kemal[3]
EGY - Order of the Virtues - Supreme and first classes.svg
 France 1948 Grand Cross of the National Order of the Legion of Honour[3]
Legion Honneur GC ribbon.svg
   Nepal 1949 Member of the Order of the Benevolent Ruler[3]
Ord.Rajanya.Nepal-Ribbon.gif
 Netherlands 1950 Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Netherlands Lion[3]
NLD Order of the Dutch Lion - Grand Cross BAR.png
 Jordan 1953 Member with Collar of the Order of al-Hussein bin Ali[3]
JOR Al-Hussein ibn Ali Order BAR.svg
1984 Member with Sash of the Order of al-Hussein bin Ali[3]
JOR Al-Hussein ibn Ali Order BAR.svg
 Sweden 1953 Member of the Royal Order of the Seraphim[3]
Seraphimerorden ribbon.svg
LSerafO
1975 Member with Collar of the Royal Order of the Seraphim[3]
Seraphimerorden ribbon.svg
LSerafO m kedja
 Panama 1953 Gold Collar of the Order of Manuel Amador Guerrero[3]
PAN Order of Manuel Amador Guerrero - Grand Cross BAR.png
 Libya 1954 Grand Collar of the Order of Idris I[3]
Order of Idris I (Libya) - ribbon bar.gif
Ethiopia Ethiopia 1954 Chain and Collar of the Order of the Seal of Solomon[3]
ETH Order of Solomon BAR.png
 Norway 1955 Grand Cross with Collar of the Royal Norwegian Order of St. Olav[3]
Order Sint Olaf 1 kl.png
 Portugal 1955 Sash of the Three Orders[3] (the Order of Christ, the Order of Aviz and the Order of Santiago conferred as a single award)
PRT Three Orders BAR.png
 Iraq 1956 Member with Chain of the Grand Order of the Hashemites[3]
Order of the Hashemites (Iraq) - ribbon bar.gif
 Italy 9 May 1958 Dame of the Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of Merit of the Republic[3]
Cordone di gran Croce di Gran Cordone OMRI BAR.svg
Germany Germany 1958 Grand Cross Special Class of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany[3]
GER Bundesverdienstkreuz 9 Sond des Grosskreuzes.svg
 Peru 1960 Grand Cross in Diamonds of the Order of the Sun[3]
PER Order of the Sun of Peru - Grand Cross BAR.png
 Argentina 1960 Grand Collar of the Order of the Liberator General San Martin[3]
ARG Order of the Liberator San Martin - Grand Cross BAR.png
 Thailand 1960 Dame of the Most Illustrious Order of the Royal House of Chakri[3]
Order of the Royal House of Chakri (Thailand) ribbon.svg
 Tunisia 1961 Grand Collar of the Order of Independence[3]
Order of Independence v. 1959 (Tunisia) - ribbon bar.gif
 Finland 1961 Collar of the Order of the White Rose[3]
FIN Order of the White Rose Grand Cross BAR.png
 Mali 1961 Grand Cordon of the National Order of Mali
MLI National Order - Grand Cross BAR.png
 Senegal 1961 Grand Cross of the National Order of the Lion[3]
SEN Order of the Lion - Grand Cross BAR.png
 Liberia 1961 Knight Grand Band of the Order of the Pioneers of Liberia[3]
Order of the Pioneers of Liberia - ribbon bar.png
1979 Knight Grand Cordon with Collar of the Order of the Pioneers of Liberia[3]
Order of the Pioneers of Liberia - ribbon bar.png
 Côte d'Ivoire 1961 Grand Cross of the National Order of the Ivory Coast[3]
Cote d'Ivoire Ordre national GC ribbon.svg
 Liberia 1962 Knight Grand Band of the Order of the Star of Africa[3]
Order of the Star of Africa (Liberia) - ribbon bar.png
 Japan 1962 Collar and Grand Cordon of the Order of the Chrysanthemum[3]
JPN Daikun'i kikkasho BAR.svg
 Cameroon 1963 Grand Cross of the Ordre de la Valeur Camerounaise[3]
Ordre de la Valeur (Cameroun) 1st type ribbon.svg
 Belgium 1963 Grand Cordon of the Order of Leopold[3]
Grand Crest Ordre de Leopold.png
 Greece 1963 Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Redeemer[3]
GRE Order Redeemer 1Class.png
GCR
 Iceland 1963 Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of the Falcon[3]
ISL Icelandic Order of the Falcon - Grand Cross BAR.png
 Chile 1965 Grand Collar of the Order of Merit[3]
CHL Order of Merit GC and Collar.svg
 Austria 1966 Grand Star of the Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria[3][189]
AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - 1st Class BAR.png
 Brazil 1968 Grand Collar of the Order of the Southern Cross[3]
BRA Order of the Southern Cross - Grand Cross BAR.png
 Abu Dhabi 1969 Member First Class of the Order of Al-Nahayyan[3]
Order of Al-Nahayyan (Abu Dhabi) - ribbon bar.gif
 Gabon 1969 Grand Cross of the Order of the Equatorial Star[3]
GAB Order of the Equatorial Star - Grand Cross BAR.png
Afghanistan Afghanistan 1971 Order of the Supreme Sun[3]
Order of the Supreme Sun (Kingdom of Afghanistan).gif
 Luxembourg 1972 Knight of the Order of the Gold Lion of the House of Nassau[3]
Huisorde van de Gouden Leeuw van Nassau Ribbon.gif
 Yugoslavia 1972 Yugoslav Great Star[3]
Order of the Yugoslavian Great Star Rib.png
 Mexico 1973 Grand Collar of the Order of the Aztec Eagle[3]
MEX Order of the Aztec Eagle 1Class BAR.png
 Zaire 1973 Grand Cordon of the Order of the Leopard[3]
National Order of the Leopard (Zaire) - ribbon bar.png
 Indonesia 1974 Star of the Republic of Indonesia, 1st Class[3]
Bintang Republik Indonesia Adipurna rib.svg
 Egypt 1975 Collar of the Order of the Nile[3]
EGY Order of the Nile - Grand Cordon BAR.png
 Japan 1975 Golden Medal of Merit of Japanese Red Cross
Red Cross Order of Merit (Japan).svg
 Japan 1975 Golden Medal of Honorary Member of Japanese Red Cross
Red Cross Order of Merit (Japan).svg
 Portugal 1978 Grand Collar of the Order of Saint James of the Sword[3]
PRT Order of Saint James of the Sword - Grand Collar BAR.png
GColSE
Romania Romania 1978 – 1989[N 10] Member First Class of the Order of the Star of the Socialist Republic of Romania[3]
Star of Romania Order Communist Republic.png
 Kuwait 1979 Collar of the Order of Mubarak the Great[3]
Order of Mubarak the Great (Kuwait) - ribbon bar.gif
 Bahrain 1979 Collar of the Order of al-Khalifa[3]
Wisam al-Khalifa 1st class.gif
 Oman 1979 Member First Class of the Order of Oman[3]
The Order of Oman.gif
 Saudi Arabia 1979 Collar of the King Abdulaziz Order of Merit[3][192]
Spange des König-Abdulaziz-Ordens.png
 Tunisia 1980 Grand Cordon of the Order of the Republic[3]
Order of the Republic (Tunisia) - ribbon bar.gif
 Morocco 1980 Collar of the Special Class of the Order of Muhammad[3]
 Oman 1982 Member of the Order of Al Said[3]
The Order of Al Said.gif
 Spain 1986 Collar of the Royal and Distinguished Spanish Order of Carlos III[3][193]
Order of Charles III - Sash of Collar.svg
 South Korea 1986 Member of the Order of Mungunghwa[3]
Grand Order of Mugunghwa (South Korea) - ribbon bar.gif
 Spain 1989 Collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece[3][194]
Order of the Golden Fleece Rib.gif
 Poland 1991 Grand Ribbon of the Order of Merit[3]
POL Order Zaslugi RP kl1 BAR.svg
 Hungary 1991 Grand Cross of the Order of Merit[3]
HUN Order of Merit of the Hungarian Rep 1class Collar BAR.svg
 Portugal 1993 Grand Collar of the Military Order of the Tower and of the Sword, of Valour, Loyalty and Merit[195]
PRT Military Order of the Tower and of the Sword - Grand Collar.png
GColTE
 Colombia 1993 Grand Collar of the Order of Boyaca[3]
Order of Boyacá - Extraordinary Grand Cross (Colombia) - ribbon bar.png
 Kuwait 1995 Member Special Class of the Order of Kuwait
Order of Kuwait (Special Class).gif
 Poland 1996 Knight of the Order of the White Eagle[3]
POL Order Orła Białego BAR.svg
 Czech Republic 1996 Member First Class with Collar of the Order of the White Lion[196]
CZE Rad Bileho Lva 1 tridy BAR.svg
 Latvia 1996 Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of the Three Stars
LVA Order of the Three Stars - Grand Cross BAR.png
 Peru 1998 Grand Cross of the Order of Merit[3]
Order of Merit for Distinguished Service (Peru).svg
 Romania 2000 Member with Sash of the Order of the Star of Romania[197]
ROU Order of the Star of Romania 1999 GCross BAR.svg
 Kazakhstan 2000 Member of the Order of the Golden Eagle
Ord.GoldenEagle-ribbon.gif
 Slovenia 2001 Golden Order of Freedom of the Republic of Slovenia
 Croatia 12 December 2001 Member with Sash and Grand Star of the Grand Order of King Tomislav[198]
Ribbon of an order of king Tomislav.png
 Lithuania 17 October 2006 Grand Cross with Golden Chain of the Order of Vytautas the Great[199][200]
LTU Order of Vytautas the Great with the Golden Chain BAR.png
 Estonia 19 October 2006 Collar of the Cross of the Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana[201]
EST Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana - 1st Class BAR.png
 Turkey 14 May 2008 Member First Class of Order of the State of Republic of Turkey[202]
Order of the State of Republic of Turkey.png
 Slovenia 2008 Order for Exceptional Merits
Order for Exceptional Merits (Slovenia).png
 Slovakia 2008 Member First Class of the Order of the White Double Cross[203]
SVK Rad Bieleho Dvojkriza 1 triedy BAR.svg
 United Arab Emirates 25 November 2010 Order of Zayed[204]
Order Zayed rib.png
 San Marino 11 March 2022 Order of San Marino[205]
SMR Order of San Marino - Grand Cross BAR.svg

Dynastic orders[edit]

Dynastic orders from non-Commonwealth countries
Source Date Appointment
Royal House of Mukhrani Georgia 8 March 2017 Grand Collar of the Order of the Eagle of Georgia[206][207]

Decorations[edit]

Decorations and medals from non-Commonwealth countries
Country Date Decoration Ribbon Post-nominal
letters
   Nepal 1961 Mahendra Chain[3]
 Sudan 1964 Chain of Honour[3]
Chain of Honor Sudan.png
 Saudi Arabia 1979 Badr Chain
 Qatar 1979 Collar of the Independence[3]
Order of Independence (Qatar) - ribbon bar.gif
 United Arab Emirates 1989 Collar of the Federation[3]
Order of Union Sash.gif

Honorary military positions[edit]

Australia Australia
Canada Canada
Fiji Fiji
Ghana Ghana
New Zealand New Zealand
South Africa South Africa
  • South Africa 1947 – 1961: Colonel-in-Chief of the Royal Durban Light Infantry
  • South Africa 1947 – 1961: Colonel-in-Chief of the South African Railways and Harbours Brigade
  • South Africa 1952 – 1961: Colonel-in-Chief of the Imperial Light Horse
  • South Africa 1953 – 1961: Colonel-in-Chief of the Royal Natal Carbineers
  • South Africa 1953 – 1961: Colonel-in-Chief of the Kaffrarian Rifles
United Kingdom United Kingdom

Non-national titles and honours[edit]

Freedom of the City[edit]

Commonwealth realms
Foreign

Memberships and fellowships[edit]

Memberships and fellowships
Country Date Organisation Position
 United Kingdom 1947 – 1952 Royal Society Fellow (FRS)
 United Kingdom 1947 – Worshipful Company of Drapers Freeman (by patrimony, her father (King George VI) being a member)
 United Kingdom 1947 – Institution of Civil Engineers Honorary member and patron[227]
 United Kingdom 1951 – Royal College of Surgeons of England Honorary fellow (FRCS)
 United Kingdom 1951 – Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists Honorary fellow (FRCOG)

Scholastic[edit]

Since ascending the throne, the Queen has not accepted honorary degrees, as that would technically place her under the jurisdiction of the chancellor of whichever university had bestowed the degree, a position deemed unsuitable for a reigning monarch.

Degrees[edit]

Degrees received
Country Date University Degree
 United Kingdom 1946 University of London Bachelor of Music (BMus) honoris causa
 United Kingdom 1948 University of Oxford Doctor of Civil Law (DCL) honoris causa
 United Kingdom 1949 University of Wales Doctor of Music (DMus) honoris causa
 United Kingdom 1951 University of Edinburgh Doctor of Laws (LLD) honoris causa
 United Kingdom 1951 University of London Doctor of Laws (LLD) honoris causa

Professional[edit]

In 1975 she received the highest distinction of the Scout Association of Japan, the Golden Pheasant Award.[228]

In April 2013, the Queen was presented with an honorary BAFTA award by Sir Kenneth Branagh in a ceremony at Windsor Castle. The BAFTA was given for her "lifelong support of the British film and television industry".[229]

On 21 June 2022, the Queen was presented with the Canterbury Cross by the Archbishop of Canterbury "for unstinting support of the Church throughout her reign."[230]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ In some cases, such as an oath of allegiance, Elizabeth's Canadian title is shortened to Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth the Second, Queen of Canada.[28] On Canadian coins, it is rendered in Latin as Elizabeth II D.G. Regina ("Elizabeth II Dei Gratia Regina", or, in English, "Elizabeth II, by the Grace of God, Queen).
  2. ^ In some older documents in French, Elizabeth's name is spelled Élisabeth or Elisabeth.
  3. ^ This title is shown on the Great Seal of Victoria in Latin as Elizabeth II Dei Gratia Britanniarum Terrae Australis Regnorumque Suorum Ceterorum Regina, Consortionis Populorum Princeps, Fidei Defensor.[47]
  4. ^ Now part of Tanzania.
  5. ^ Now Sri Lanka.
  6. ^ The kingship of Gibraltar continues to be among the titles of the Spanish monarchy. However, since 2010 the Government of Gibraltar has started to use the title "Queen of Gibraltar" in reference to Elizabeth II.[121] Initially only used on coinage, the title now appears on several Gibraltar and UK government documents referencing the Queen in relation to Gibraltar.[122]
  7. ^ Although Elizabeth was recognised as Queen of Rhodesia by the Rhodesian government, she never accepted or exercised the office for the years between the Rhodesian declaration of independence in 1965 and the proclamation of a republic in Rhodesia in 1970.
  8. ^ Today part of Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
  9. ^ Sovereign states within the Commonwealth of Nations sharing the same person as monarch.
  10. ^ The Queen stripped Romanian dictator Nicolae Ceaușescu, who was overthrown in a popular revolution, of his honorary British knighthood in December 1989,[190] and returned her own order because "of revulsion at the abuse of human rights in Romania for which Ceaușescu is responsible".[191]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Kate to become Duchess of Cambridge". The Sydney Morning Herald. 29 April 2011. Retrieved 27 May 2021.
  2. ^ Bousfield, Arthur; Toffoli, Gary (2002). Fifty Years the Queen. Toronto: Dundurn Press. p. 72. ISBN 1-55002-360-8.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd "Burke's Peerage and Gentry > The Royal Family > HM Queen Elizabeth II". Burke's Peerage & Gentry and The Origins Network. Archived from the original on 1 December 2009. Retrieved 24 October 2010.
  4. ^ Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade (1952), Documents on Canadian External Relations, vol. 18, Queen's Printer for Canada, archived from the original on 15 May 2013, retrieved 20 December 2009
  5. ^ Government of South Africa (7 February 1952). "Proclamation No. 12 of 1952". Government Gazette Extraordinary. Queen's Printer. CLXVII (4781).
  6. ^ "Proclamation of the accession of Her Majesty, Queen Elizabeth II, from the steps of Parliament House, Canberra, 1952 Feb. 8". National Library of Australia. Retrieved 1 July 2011.
  7. ^ "No. 39458". The London Gazette (Supplement). 6 February 1952. p. 757.
  8. ^ a b Bousfield & Toffoli 2002, p. 75
  9. ^ Twomey, Anne (2006), The Chameleon Crown, Sydney: Federation Press, p. 105, ISBN 9781862876293
  10. ^ Privy Council Office (24 November 1952), "Memorandum for Prime Minister", in Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade (ed.), Documents on Canadian External Relations, vol. 18–2, Ottawa: Queen's Printer for Canada
  11. ^ "Documenting a Democracy > Royal Style and Titles Act 1973 (Cth)". Museum of Australian Democracy. Retrieved 3 November 2015.
  12. ^ Winston Churchill, House of Commons Official Report cols 199–201, 15 April 1953
  13. ^ OED, 2nd Edition, under "Grace", 16b
  14. ^ "Opening Ceremony of the Scottish Parliament: 1st July 1999 (30:47)". The Scottish Parliament. Archived from the original on 12 May 2017. Retrieved 26 October 2016.
  15. ^ "Queen urged to change title". BBC. 22 May 2002.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y "No. 39873". The London Gazette (Supplement). 26 May 1953. p. 3023.
  17. ^ a b "Antigua and Barbuda: Heads of State: 1981-2021". archontology.org. Retrieved 22 May 2021.
  18. ^ "Statutory Rules and Orders 1982, No. 1". Laws of Antigua and Barbuda, 1982.
  19. ^ The Queen and Antigua and Barbuda Archived 1 April 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  20. ^ a b "The Bahamas: Heads of State: 1973-2021". archontology.org. Retrieved 22 May 2021.
  21. ^ The Queen and The Bahamas Archived 7 March 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  22. ^ Royal proclamation affecting the change in the style is dated 10 Aug 1973 and takes effect upon publication in the Official Gazette - Bahamas, 27 Dec 1973.
  23. ^ a b "Belize: Heads of State: 1981-2021". archontology.org. Retrieved 22 May 2021.
  24. ^ Queen and Belize Archived 1 April 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  25. ^ a b c "Canada: Heads of State: 1867-2021". archontology.org. Retrieved 22 May 2021.
  26. ^ a b c d Proclamation of May 28, 1953 published in the Canada Gazette, volume 87, number 6, Extra, 29 May 1953, pages 1–2
  27. ^ "Consolidated federal laws of canada, Royal Style and Titles Act". Justice Laws Website. 1 January 2003. Retrieved 31 May 2021.
  28. ^ "Governor General of Canada > Media > Fact Sheets > Oaths of Office". Rideau Hall. Archived from the original on 20 February 2006. Retrieved 28 October 2008.
  29. ^ "Lois codifiées Règlements codifiés". Site Web de la législation (Justice). 1 January 2003. Retrieved 31 May 2021.
  30. ^ a b "Grenada: Heads of State: 1974-2021". archontology.org. Retrieved 22 May 2021.
  31. ^ Queen and Grenada Archived 8 March 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  32. ^ a b "Jamaica: Heads of State: 1962-2021". archontology.org. Retrieved 22 May 2021.
  33. ^ The Queen's role in Jamaica Archived 6 April 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  34. ^ a b "Saint Christopher and Nevis: Heads of State: 1983-2021". archontology.org. Retrieved 22 May 2021.
  35. ^ Statutory Rules and Orders 1995, No. 10 (PDF), retrieved 14 February 2022
  36. ^ "ST. CHRISTOPHER AND NEVIS OFFICIAL GAZETTE (E X T R A O R D I N A R Y)". 18 May 2020. Retrieved 29 November 2021.
  37. ^ a b "Saint Lucia: Heads of State: 1979-2021". archontology.org. Retrieved 22 May 2021.
  38. ^ Queen and St Lucia Archived 8 March 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  39. ^ a b "Saint Vincent and the Grenadines: Heads of State: 1979 -2021". archontology.org. Retrieved 22 May 2021.
  40. ^ Queen and St Vincent and the Grenadines Archived 8 March 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  41. ^ a b c d e Rules, regulations, and by-laws, ordinances, etc: Volume 41, Law Book Company of Australasia, Limited (Government printer), 1952, p. 489
  42. ^ a b "United Kingdom: Heads of State: 1801-2021". archontology.org. Retrieved 22 May 2021.
  43. ^ a b "Elizabeth II". archontology.org. Retrieved 22 May 2021.
  44. ^ a b c d e f Act 6 of 1953 "Royal Style and Titles Act, 1953". The Union of South Africa Government Gazette Extraordinary, vol. CLXXI, 4 March 1953, pages 12-13
  45. ^ "Golwg gyffredinol ar y frenhiniaeth". Archived from the original on 11 February 2007. Retrieved 22 May 2021.
  46. ^ a b c "Australia: Heads of State: 1901-2021". archontology.org. Retrieved 22 May 2021.
  47. ^ Greg Taylor (2006). The Constitution of Victoria. Federation Press. ISBN 1-86287-612-6.
  48. ^ "Royal Styles and Titles Act 1953" (PDF). Canberra: Commonwealth Government Printer. 1953. Schedule.
  49. ^ Government Gazette, No. 34, 29 May 1953, p. 1547.
  50. ^ Queen and Australia Archived 7 March 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  51. ^ Government Gazette, No. 152, 19 Oct 1973, p. 5.
  52. ^ a b c d "New Zealand: Heads of State: 1907-2021". archontology.org. Retrieved 22 May 2021.
  53. ^ New Zealand Gazette, Extra, No. 30, 29 May 1953, p. 851.
  54. ^ The Queen's role in New Zealand Archived 21 March 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  55. ^ "Citation From Queen Elizabeth II 2007". Knowledge Bank. Retrieved 22 May 2021.
  56. ^ Elizabeth II (1975), Constitution of the Independent State of Papua New Guinea (PDF), S.85, Ministry of Inter Government Relations, p. 55, archived from the original (PDF) on 29 January 2013, retrieved 18 August 2013
  57. ^ "Papua New Guinea: Heads of State: 1975-2021". archontology.org. Retrieved 22 May 2021.
  58. ^ The Statesman's Year-Book 1976-77, Palgrave Macmillan UK, 2016, p. 61, ISBN 9780230271050
  59. ^ a b "Solomon Islands: Heads of State: 1978-2021". archontology.org. Retrieved 22 May 2021.
  60. ^ The style was in non-statutory use since 1988 when it was included in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and External Trade Manual. Royal Style and Titles Act 2013 (passed by the National Parliament 1 Aug 2013, received royal assent 10 Oct 2013) and went into effect upon its publication in a supplement to the Solomon Islands Gazette, No. 82, Extra, 1 Nov 2013.
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External links[edit]

  • Hansard recording of debate on the royal title in the British House of Commons, 3 March 1953