List of tools for static code analysis

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

This is a list of tools for static code analysis.

Language[edit]

Multi-language[edit]

  • Apache Yetus – A collection of build and release tools. Included is the 'precommit' module that is used to execute full and partial/patch CI builds that provides static analysis of code via other open source tools as part of a configurable report. Built-in support for C, C++, Java, Perl, Python, Ruby, Shell, and XML. May be extended via a plug-in framework.
  • Axivion Bauhaus Suite – A static code analysis tool suite for Ada, C, C++, C#, and Java code that performs various analyses such as architecture checking, interface analyses, MISRA checking, and clone detection.
  • CAST Application Intelligence Platform by CAST – Detailed, audience-specific dashboards to measure quality and productivity. Cross-tier, cross-technology analysis of 50+ languages, C, C++, Java, .NET, Oracle, PeopleSoft, SAP, Siebel, Spring, Struts, Hibernate and all major databases.
  • Cigital SecureAssist – A lightweight IDE plugin that points out common security vulnerabilities in real time as the developer is coding. Supports Java, .NET, and PHP.
  • Code Dx – Software application vulnerability correlation and management system that consolidates and normalizes software vulnerabilities detected by multiple static application security testing (SAST) and dynamic application security testing (DAST) tools, as well as the results of manual code reviews. Supports C, C++, C#, Java, JavaScript, JSP, PHP, Python, Rails, Ruby, Scala, VB.NET and XML/XSL.[1]
  • CodeScene – Behavioral code analysis based on revision control data. Can analyse any codebase, and supports X-Ray (or method-level analysis) for C, C++, C#, Java, Groovy, JavaScript, TypeScript, Objective-C, Scala, Python, Swift, Go, Visual Basic .Net, PHP, and Ruby.
  • Compuware Topaz for Program Analysis – A static code analysis for PL/I and COBOL. Produces visual displays of structure charts and logic/data flow and shows dependencies across programs.
  • ConQAT – Continuous quality assessment toolkit that allows flexible configuration of quality analyses (architecture conformance, clone detection, quality metrics, etc.) and dashboards. Supports Java, C#, C++, JavaScript, ABAP, Ada and many other languages.
  • Coverity – A static analysis tool for C, C++, C#, Objective-C, Java, Javascript, node.JS, Ruby, PHP, & Python.
  • Micro Focus Fortify Software Static Code Analyzer – Helps developers identify software security vulnerabilities in more than 30 languages, including C, C++, Java, JSP, .NET, ASP.NET, classic Active Server Pages (ASP), ColdFusion, PHP, Visual Basic 6, VBScript, JavaScript, PL/SQL, T-SQL, Python, Objective-C, ABAP and COBOL and configuration files.
  • Micro Focus Enterprise Analyzer and COBOL Analyzer. Static code analysis and visualization tools for legacy and mainframe applications. Analyze code in different languages including COBOL, PL/I, Natural, RPG, Java, Assembler, Easytrieve, VB, C/C++, PL/SQL, C#, VB.NET, KornShell, Job schedulers and more.
  • GrammaTech CodeSonar – Defect detection (buffer overruns, memory leaks, etc.), concurrency and security checks, architecture visualization and software metrics for C, C++, Objective-C, and Java source code.
  • IBM Security AppScan (formerly known as IBM Rational AppScan) Source Edition – Analyzes source code to identify security vulnerabilities while integrating security testing with software development processes and systems. Supports C, C++, .NET, Java, JSP, JavaScript, ColdFusion, Classic ASP, PHP, Perl, Visual Basic 6, PL/SQL, Python, T-SQL, and COBOL
  • Facebook Infer – A tool for Java, C, C++, and Objective-C. Targets null pointer problems, leaks, concurrency issues and API usage for Facebook's mobile apps. Available as open source on github.
  • Imagix 4D – C, C++ and Java. Windows and Linux versions.
  • Kiuwan – Software Analytics end-to-end platform for static code analysis and automated code review. It covers defect detection, application security & IT Risk Management, with enhanced life cycle and application governance features. Support for over 20 languages, including Objective-C, Java, JSP, JavaScript, PHP, C, C++, ABAP, COBOL, JCL, C#, PL/SQL, Transact-SQL, SQL, Visual Basic, Visual Basic .NET, Android (operating system).
  • Klocwork – Provides security vulnerability, standards compliance (MISRA, ISO 26262 and others), defect detection and build-over-build trend analysis for C, C++, C#, Java.
  • Lint, as supplied with the Android SDK.
  • LDRA Testbed – A software analysis and testing tool suite for C, C++, Ada83, Ada95 and Assembler (Intel, Freescale, Texas Instruments).
  • MALPAS – A software static analysis toolset for a variety of languages including Ada, C, Pascal and Assembler (Intel, PowerPC and Motorola). Used primarily for safety critical applications in Nuclear and Aerospace industries.
  • Moose – Moose started as a software analysis platform with many tools to manipulate, assess or visualize software. It can evolve to a more generic data analysis platform. Supported languages are C, C++, Java, Smalltalk, .NET, more may be added.
  • Parasoft – Provides static analysis (pattern-based, flow-based, in-line, metrics) for C, C++, Java, .NET (C#, VB.NET, etc.), JSP, JavaScript, XML, and other languages for standards like MISRA, CWE, OWASP, and CERT. Through a Development Testing Platform, static code analysis functionality is integrated with unit testing, peer code review, runtime error detection and traceability.
  • Copy/Paste Detector (CPD) – PMDs duplicate code detection for (e.g.) Java, JSP, C, C++, ColdFusion, PHP and JavaScript[2] code.
  • Polyspace – Uses abstract interpretation to detect and prove the absence of certain run time errors in source code for C, C++, and Ada
  • Pretty Diff – A language-specific code comparison tool that features language-specific analysis reporting in addition to language-specific minification and beautification algorithms.
  • Protecode – Analyzes the composition of software source code and binary files, searches for open source and third party code and their associated licensing obligations. Can also detect security vulnerabilities.
  • PVS-Studio – A software analysis tool for C, C++, C++/CLI, C++/CX (Component Extensions), C#, Java.
  • Rogue Wave Software OpenLogic – Scans source code and binaries to identify open source code and licenses, manages open source policies and approvals, reports security vulnerabilities, and provides open source technical support.
  • Semmle – Supports C, C++, C#, Java, JavaScript, Objective-C, and Python.
  • SideCI – Static code analysis based automated code review tool for Ruby, Python, PHP, JavaScript, CoffeeScript and Go. Checks style, quality, dependencies, security and bugs.
  • SofCheck Inspector – Static detection of logic errors, race conditions, and redundant code for Ada and Java; automatically extracts pre-postconditions from code.
  • SonarQube – A continuous inspection engine that finds vulnerabilities, bugs and code smells. Also tracks code complexity, unit test coverage and duplication. Supported languages: ABAP, Android (Java), C, C++, CSS, Objective-C, COBOL, C#, Flex, Forms, Groovy, Java, JavaScript, Natural, PHP, PL/SQL, Swift, Visual Basic 6, Web, XML, Python, Ruby, Go, Scala, Kotlin, Apex.
  • Sotoarc-Sotograph – Architecture and quality in-depth analysis and monitoring for C, C++, C#, Java, ABAP.
  • SourceMeter - A proprietary platform-independent, command-line static source code analyzer for Java, C, C++, RPG IV (AS/400) and Python.
  • SQuORE is a multi-purpose and multi-language monitoring tool[3] for software projects.
  • Understand – A multi-platform tool for code analysis and comprehension of large code bases. Supported languages include Ada, Cobol, Ansi C, K&R C, Ansi C++, C#, FORTRAN, Java, Jovial, Pascal, PL/M, Python, VHDL, Objective C, Objective C++, HTML, PHP, JavaScript, and XML.
  • Veracode – Finds security flaws in application binaries and bytecode without requiring source. Supported languages include C, C++, .NET (C#, C++/CLI, VB.NET, ASP.NET), Java, JSP, ColdFusion, PHP, Ruby on Rails, JavaScript and TypeScript (including AngularJS, Node.js and Jquery), Python, Perl, Scala, Objective-C, Swift, Active Server Pages, Visual Basic 6, COBOL, and IBM RPG, including mobile applications on the Android and iOS platforms and written in JavaScript cross platform frameworks.[4]
  • Yasca – Yet Another Source Code Analyzer, a plugin-based framework to scan arbitrary file types, with plugins for C, C++, Java, JavaScript, ASP, PHP, HTML-CSS, ColdFusion, COBOL, and other file types. It integrates with other scanners, including FindBugs, PMD, and Pixy.

.NET[edit]

  • .NET Compiler Platform (Codename Roslyn) – Open-source compiler framework for C# and Visual Basic .NET developed by Microsoft .NET. Provides an API for analyzing and manipulating syntax.
  • CodeIt.Right – Combines static code analysis and automatic refactoring to best practices which allows automatic correction of code errors and violations; supports C# and VB.NET.
  • CodeRush – A plugin for Visual Studio which alerts users to violations of best practices.
  • FxCop – Free static analysis for Microsoft .NET programs that compiles to CIL. Standalone and integrated in some Microsoft Visual Studio editions; by Microsoft.
  • NDepend – Simplifies managing a complex .NET code base by analyzing and visualizing code dependencies, by defining design rules, by doing impact analysis, and by comparing different versions of the code. Integrates into Visual Studio.
  • Parasoft dotTEST – A static analysis, unit testing, and code review plugin for Visual Studio; works with languages for Microsoft .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework, including C#, VB.NET, ASP.NET and Managed C++.
  • StyleCop – Analyzes C# source code to enforce a set of style and consistency rules. It can be run from inside of Microsoft Visual Studio or integrated into an MSBuild project.

Ada[edit]

  • SPARK Toolset – Verification tools for SPARK 2014 – a subset of Ada 2012 that leverages Ada's support for contracts. Designed to offer soundness, depth, modularity and efficiency of verification.
  • AdaControl – A tool to control occurrences of various entities or programming patterns in Ada code, used for checking coding standards, enforcement of safety related rules, and support for various manual inspections. Features automatic fixing of violations.
  • CodePeer – An advanced static analysis tool that detects potential run-time logic errors in Ada programs.
  • Fluctuat – Abstract interpreter for the validation of numerical properties of programs.
  • LDRA Testbed – A software analysis and testing tool suite for Ada83/95.
  • Polyspace – Uses abstract interpretation to detect and prove the absence of certain run time errors in source code.
  • SofCheck Inspector – (Bought by AdaCore) Static detection of logic errors, race conditions, and redundant code for Ada; automatically extracts pre-postconditions from code.

C, C++[edit]

Tool Latest release Free software Duplicate
code
Notes
Astrée No; Proprietary finds all potential runtime errors and data races by abstract interpretation, can prove their absence, and can prove functional assertions; tailored towards safety-critical C code (e.g. avionics and automotive). Includes MISRA checker.
Axivion Bauhaus Suite No; Proprietary A static code analysis tool suite for Ada, C, C++, C#, and Java code that performs various analyses such as architecture checking, interface analyses, MISRA checking, and clone detection.
BLAST – (Berkeley Lazy Abstraction Software verification Tool) 2.7.2 Yes An open-source software model checker for C programs based on lazy abstraction (follow-on project is CPAchecker.[5]).
Clang 8.0.0 Yes An open-source compiler that includes a static analyzer.
CLion 2019.1 No; Proprietary An IDE with a built-in source code analysis.
Coccinelle 1.0.7 Yes An open-source source code pattern matching and transformation.
Coverity No; Proprietary A static analysis tool for C/C++.
Cppcheck Yes; GPL Open-source tool that checks for several types of errors, including use of STL.
Cppdepend 2019.1 No;Proprietary Simplifies managing a complex C/C++ code base by analyzing and visualizing code dependencies, by defining design rules, by doing impact analysis, and comparing different versions of the code.
cpplint Yes An open-source tool that checks for compliance with Google's style guide for C++ coding.
ECLAIR A platform for the automatic analysis, verification, testing and transformation of C and C++ programs.
Eclipse Yes An open-source IDE that includes a static code analyzer.
Fluctuat Abstract interpreter for the validation of numerical properties of programs.
Frama-C Yes An open-source static analysis framework for C.
Goanna A software analysis tool for C/C++.
Helix QAC Formerly PRQA QA·C and QA·C++, deep static analysis of C/C++ for quality assurance and guideline/coding standard enforcement with MISRA support.
Infer Yes Developed by an engineering team at Facebook with open-source contributors. Targets null pointer and other memory problems. Available as open-source on github.
Lint The original, from 1978, static code analyzer for C.
LDRA Testbed v9.8.1
(2019-07-30)
A software analysis and testing tool suite for C/C++, that performs static analysis, standards enforcement (eg MISRA C/C++) , dynamic analysis, unit testing and requirements traceability.
Parasoft C/C++test 10.4.2 No; Proprietary Yes A C/C++ tool that does static analysis, unit testing, code review, and runtime error detection; plugins available for Visual Studio and Eclipse-based IDEs.
PC-Lint No A software analysis tool for C with partial support for C++2011.
Polyspace No Uses abstract interpretation to detect and prove the absence of run time errors, Dead Code in source code as well as used to check all MISRA (2004, 2012) rules (directives, non directives).
SLAM project a project of Microsoft Research for checking that software satisfies critical behavioral properties of the interfaces it uses.
Sparse Yes An open-source tool designed to find faults in the Linux kernel.
SonarQube No An open-source tool which offers C/C++ support via a commercial license
Splint Yes An open-source tool statically checking C programs for security vulnerabilities and coding mistakes.
Visual Studio No An IDE that provides static code analysis for C/C++ both in the editor environment and from the compiler command line.

Java[edit]

Tool Latest release Free software Duplicate
code
Notes
Checkstyle 2018-06-30 Yes; LGPL No Besides some static code analysis, it can be used to show violations of a configured coding standard. Duplicate code detection was removed[6] from Checkstyle.
Coverity 2017-01-19 No; Proprietary Coverity is a static analysis and Static Application Security Testing (SAST) platform that finds critical defects and security weaknesses in code as it’s written before they become vulnerabilities, crashes, or maintenance headaches.
Eclipse 2017-06-28 Yes; EPL No Cross-platform IDE with own set of several hundred code inspections available for analyzing code on-the-fly in the editor and bulk analysis of the whole project. Plugins for Checkstyle, FindBugs, and PMD.
FindBugs 2015-03-06 Yes; LGPL Based on Jakarta BCEL from the University of Maryland. SpotBugs is the spiritual successor of FindBugs, carrying on from the point where it left off with support of its community.
Infer 2017-10-19 Yes; BSD with additio-
nal patent clause
Developed by an engineering team at Facebook with open-source contributors. Targets null pointer exceptions, leaks, and thread safety issues.
IntelliJ IDEA 2017-11-30 Yes; ASL 2 Yes A leading Java IDE with built-in code inspection and analysis. Plugins for Checkstyle, FindBugs, and PMD.
JArchitect 2017-06-11 No; Proprietary Simplifies managing a complex code base by analyzing and visualizing code dependencies, defining design rules, doing impact analysis, and by comparing different versions of the code.
Jtest 2019-05-21 No; Proprietary Yes Testing and static code analysis product by Parasoft.
LDRA Testbed No; Proprietary Analysis and testing tool suite.
PMD 2019-06-30 Yes; BSDASL 2LGPL Yes A static ruleset based source code analyzer that identifies potential problems.
RIPS 2019-01-07 No; Proprietary Language-specific source code analysis solution with many integration options for accurate detection of complex security and quality issues.
SemmleCode No; Proprietary Object oriented code queries for static program analysis.
Soot Yes; LGPL A language manipulation and optimization framework consisting of intermediate languages.
SpotBugs 2019-01-21 Yes; LGPL Based on FindBugs and BCEL from the University of Maryland.
Squale 2011-05-26 Yes; LGPL A platform to manage software quality.
SourceMeter 2016-02-01 No; Proprietary Yes A platform-independent, command-line static source code analyzer.
ThreadSafe 2014-03-28 No; Proprietary A static analysis tool focused on finding concurrency bugs.

JavaScript[edit]

  • ESLint – JavaScript syntax checker and formatter.
  • Google's Closure Compiler – JavaScript optimizer that rewrites code to be faster and smaller, and checks use of native JavaScript functions.
  • JSHint – A community driven fork of JSLint.
  • JSLint – JavaScript syntax checker and validator.

Objective-C, Objective-C++[edit]

  • Clang – The free Clang project includes a static analyzer. As of version 3.2, this analyzer is included in Xcode.[7]
  • Infer – Developed by an engineering team at Facebook with open-source contributors. Targets null pointers, leaks, API usage and other lint checks. Available as open source on github.
  • GrammaTech CodeSonar – A static program analysis tool for C,C++, Objective-C..., see above.

Opa[edit]

  • Opa includes its own static analyzer. As the language is intended for web application development, the strongly statically typed compiler checks the validity of high-level types for web data, and prevents by default many vulnerabilities such as XSS attacks and database code injections.

Packaging[edit]

  • Lintian – Checks Debian software packages for common inconsistencies and errors.
  • Rpmlint – Checks for common problems in rpm packages.

Perl[edit]

PHP[edit]

  • RIPS – A static code analysis solution with many integration options for the automated detection of complex security vulnerabilities.

PL/SQL[edit]

Python[edit]

  • PyCharm – Cross-platform Python IDE with code inspections available for analyzing code on-the-fly in the editor and bulk analysis of the whole project.
  • PyDev – Eclipse-based Python IDE with code analysis available on-the-fly in the editor or at save time.
  • Pylint – Static code analyzer. Quite stringent; includes many stylistic warnings as well.

Transact-SQL[edit]

Formal methods tools[edit]

Tools that use sound, i.e. over-approximating a rigorous model, formal methods approach to static analysis (e.g., using static program assertions). Sound methods contain no false negatives for bug-free programs, at least with regards to the idealized mathematical model they are based on (there is no "unconditional" soundness). Note that there is no guarantee they will report all bugs for buggy programs, they will report at least one.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Supported Application Security Testing Tools and Languages". codedx.com. Retrieved Apr 25, 2017.
  2. ^ "PMD - Browse /pmd/5.0.0 at SourceForge.net". Retrieved Dec 9, 2012.
  3. ^ Baldassari, Boris (2012). "SQuORE: a new approach to software project assessment", International Conference on Software and Systems Engineering and their Applications, Nov. 2012, Paris, France.
  4. ^ "White Box Testing/Binary Static Analysis (SAST)". Veracode.com. Retrieved 2018-02-06.
  5. ^ "CPAchecker". 2015-02-08.
  6. ^ https://github.com/checkstyle/checkstyle/issues/523
  7. ^ "Static Analysis in Xcode". Apple. Retrieved 2009-09-03.
  8. ^ "Visual Expert for Oracle - PL/SQL Code Analyzer". www.visual-expert.com. 2017-08-24.
  9. ^ "Visual Expert for SQL Server - Transact SQL Code Analyzer". www.visual-expert.com. 2017-08-24.
  10. ^ Cousot, Patrick (2007). "The Role of Abstract Interpretation in Formal Methods". IEEE International Conference on Software Engineering and Formal Methods. Retrieved 2010-11-08.

External links[edit]