List of top-division football clubs in UEFA countries

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A map of the world. The blue area, marked "UEFA", covers continental Europe, the British Isles, Iceland, and parts of Northern Asia and the Middle East.
  UEFA countries on this map of the world's six football confederations

The Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) is the administrative and controlling body for European football. It consists of 55 member associations, each of which is responsible for governing football in their respective countries.[1]

All widely recognised sovereign states located entirely within Europe are members, with the exceptions of the United Kingdom, Monaco and Vatican City. Eight states partially or entirely outside Europe are also members: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Russia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Israel, Cyprus and Turkey.[1] The United Kingdom is divided into the four separate football associations of England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales; each association has a separate UEFA membership. The Faroe Islands, an autonomous country of the Kingdom of Denmark, also has its own football association which is a member of UEFA.[1] The football association of Gibraltar, a British Overseas Territory, was approved as a member by UEFA in 2013.[2] Kosovo was approved as a member in 2016, even though it is claimed by Serbia and is not recognised by several other UEFA member states.

Each UEFA member has its own football league system, except Liechtenstein.[3] Clubs playing in each top-level league compete for the title as the country's club champions. Clubs also compete in the league and national cup competitions for places in the following season's UEFA club competitions, the UEFA Champions League and UEFA Europa League. Due to promotion and relegation, the clubs playing in the top-level league are different every season, except in San Marino where there is only one level.[4]

Some clubs play in a national football league other than their own country's. Where this is the case the club is noted as such.

UEFA coefficients[edit]

The UEFA league coefficients, also known as the UEFA rankings, are used to rank the leagues of Europe, and thus determine the number of clubs from a league that will participate in UEFA Champions League and UEFA Europa League. A country's ranking determines the number of teams competing in the season after the next; the 2009 rankings determined qualification for European competitions in the 2010–11 season.[5]

A country's ranking is calculated based on the results of its clubs in UEFA competitions over the past five seasons. Two points are awarded for each win by a club, and one for a draw. If a game goes to extra time, the result at the end of time is used to calculate ranking points; if the match goes to a penalty shootout, it is considered to be a draw for the purposes of the coefficient system. The number of points awarded to a country's clubs are added together, and then divided by the number of clubs that participated in European competitions that season. This number is then rounded to three decimal places; two and two-thirds would become 2.667.[5]

For the league coefficient the season's league coefficients for the last five seasons must be added up. In the preliminary rounds of both the Champions League and Europa League, the awarded points are halved. Bonus points for certain achievements are added to the number of points scored in a season. Bonus points are allocated for:

  • Qualifying for the Champions League group phase. (4 bonus points)
  • Reaching the second round of the Champions League. (5 bonus points)
  • Reaching the quarter, semi and final of both Champions League and Europa League. (1 bonus point)[5]

Albania[edit]

The top division of Albanian football was formed in 1930, and the inaugural title was won by SK Tirana (now known as KF Tirana). Tirana are the most successful team in the league's history, having won the competition on 24 occasions, followed by KS Dinamo Tirana (now playing in the second division) with 18 championships, and Partizani Tirana with 15.[7] The league became affiliated with UEFA in 1954.[8] Since the 2014–15 season, 10 teams compete in the division. The teams finishing in the bottom two places are relegated to the Albanian First Division and are replaced by the champions of each of that league's two groups.

Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:


Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Partizani (C) 36 70
2 Kukësi 36 59
3 Teuta 36 57
4 Skënderbeu 36 55
5 Flamurtari 36 54
6 Laçi 36 49
7 Tirana 36 47
8 Luftëtari 36 47
9 Kastrioti (R) 36 42
10 Kamza (R, D) 36 17
Source: Albanian Football Association, Soccerway
(C) Champion; (D) Disqualified; (R) Relegated.

Andorra[edit]

Andorra's national league system was formed in 1993, and the Andorran Football Federation gained UEFA membership in 1996.[12] Records from the league's first three seasons are incomplete, but FC Santa Coloma have won more First Division titles than any other team.[13] Another Andorran football club, FC Andorra, play in the Spanish football league system. In recent years, eight teams have competed in the First Division. Each team plays two matches against the other seven clubs. After fourteen games, the league splits into two groups, with teams carrying their previous points totals forward. The top four teams play each other a further two times in the championship round to decide 1st–4th places, while the bottom four teams do likewise in the relegation round, to determine the 5th–8th positions. At the end of the season, the bottom-placed team is relegated, while the seventh-placed team plays a two-legged play-off against the second-placed team in the Second Division to decide which team plays in which division for the following season.

Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

Map of Andorra and the 8 teams of the 2018–19 Primera Divisió
Escaldes-Engordany
Escaldes-Engordany
Escaldes-Engordany teams: Engordany Inter d'Escaldes
Escaldes-Engordany teams:
Engordany
Inter d'Escaldes
Santa Coloma
Santa Coloma
Location of teams in the 2018–19 Primera Divisió
Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Sant Julià 21 45
2 FC Santa Coloma 21 43
3 Inter Club d'Escaldes 21 40
4 Engordany 21 31
5 Ordino 21 23
6 UE Santa Coloma 21 21
7 Lusitanos 21 19
8 Encamp 21 10
Source: FAF Soccerway

Armenia[edit]

Armenia gained independence in 1991, following the break-up of the Soviet Union. Organised football had been played in Armenia since 1936, as part of the Soviet football system. The Football Federation of Armenia gained UEFA affiliation in 1992, and the league ran as the national championship for the first time in the same year.[15][16] Since independence, the country's most successful team are FC Pyunik, who have won ten league titles.[15]

Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

Locations of the 2018–19 Armenian Premier League teams


Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Ararat-Armenia (C) 32 61
2 Pyunik 32 60
3 Banants 32 52
4 Alashkert 32 51
5 Lori 32 44
6 Gandzasar 32 38
7 Shirak 32 36
8 Artsakh 32 28
9 Ararat Yerevan 32 22
Source: Soccerway
(C) Champion.

Austria[edit]

Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

Location of teams in the 2018–19 Austrian Football Bundesliga


Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Red Bull Salzburg 22 55
2 LASK 22 46
3 Sturm Graz 22 31
4 Wolfsberger AC 22 30
5 Austria Wien 22 30
6 St. Pölten 22 30
7 Mattersburg 22 29
8 Rapid Wien 22 27
9 Hartberg 22 26
10 Admira Wacker Mödling 22 21
11 Rheindorf Altach 22 18
12 Wacker Innsbruck 22 17

Azerbaijan[edit]

Although the country was part of the Soviet Union, the first Azerbaijan-wide football competition took place in 1928, and became an annual occurrence from 1934. Following the break-up of the Soviet Union in 1991, the first independent Azeri championship took place in 1992, and the Association of Football Federations of Azerbaijan gained UEFA affiliation in 1994[18][19] Since independence, the country's most successful team are PFC Neftchi Baku, with eight league titles. In recent years, 10 teams had competed in the Azerbaijan Premier League, but two teams that otherwise would have competed in the 2016–17 season were denied professional licenses, making it an eight-team league at present.

Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

Locations of the 2018–19 Azerbaijan Premier League teams.
Team in italics is from a zone of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict and is playing its home games in Baku.


Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Qarabağ (C) 28 66
2 Neftçi Baku 28 58
3 Sabail 28 41
4 Gabala 28 36
5 Zira 28 31
6 Sumgayit 28 29
7 Sabah 28 27
8 Keşla (R) 28 23
Source: Soccerway
(C) Champion; (R) Relegated.

Belarus[edit]

Belarus declared independence from the Soviet Union in 1990. Its independence was widely recognised within Europe in 1991, an independent national championship began in 1992, and UEFA membership followed in 1993.[21] Through the 2017 season, the most successful team is FC BATE, with 14 league championships, including an ongoing streak of 12 titles.[22] The 2016 season saw the league expand from 14 teams to 16, accomplished by promoting three clubs from the Belarusian First League and relegating only the last-place team in the 2015 Premier League. At the end of the season, the bottom two teams are relegated to the First League and replaced by that league's top two finishers.

Clubs and locations as of 2019 season:


Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Dynamo Brest 17 42
2 BATE Borisov 16 40
3 Shakhtyor Soligorsk 16 37
4 Isloch Minsk Raion 18 33
5 Dinamo Minsk 17 31
6 Torpedo-BelAZ Zhodino 18 28
7 Gorodeya 17 26
8 Slavia Mozyr 16 22
9 Neman Grodno 18 22
10 Vitebsk 17 20
11 Slutsk 18 20
12 Minsk 18 17
13 Energetik-BGU Minsk 18 15
14 Gomel 18 14
15 Dnyapro Mogilev 17 10
16 Torpedo Minsk (R) 17 6
Updated to match(es) played on 19 August 2019. Source: football.by
(R) Relegated.

Belgium[edit]

Organised football reached Belgium in the 19th century; the Royal Belgian Football Association was founded in 1895, and FC Liégeois became the country's first champions the following year. Belgium joined European football's governing body, UEFA, upon its formation in 1954.[24] Historically the country's most successful team are R.S.C. Anderlecht, with 33 league titles as of 2016.[25] The Belgian First Division A, historically known as the First Division and also known as the Pro League from 2008–09 through 2015–16, currently consists of 16 teams. Initially, each team plays the other clubs twice for a total of 30 matches. At this point, the league proceeds as follows (as of the current 2016–17 season):[26]

  • The top six teams take half of their points (rounded up) into a championship play-off, playing each other two further times to determine the national champion.
  • The teams finishing the regular season between 7th and 15th enter one of two six-team groups. The remaining teams in this competition are the top three teams from the Belgian First Division B (historically known as the Second Division), excluding that division's champion (which earns automatic promotion to First Division A). Each team plays the other five teams in its group home and away, and the winners of each group play one another in a two-legged play-off. The winner of that match advances to a two-legged play-off against the fourth- or fifth-place team (depending on results) from the championship play-off for the country's final UEFA Europa League place for the following season.
  • The bottom team on the regular-season table is automatically relegated to First Division B.

Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:


Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Genk 30 63
2 Club Brugge 30 56
3 Standard Liège 30 53
4 Anderlecht 30 51
5 Gent 30 50
6 Antwerp 30 49
7 Sint-Truiden 30 47
8 Kortrijk 30 43
9 Charleroi 30 42
10 Excel Mouscron 30 40
11 Zulte Waregem 30 33
12 Eupen 30 32
13 Cercle Brugge 30 28
14 Oostende 30 27
15 Waasland-Beveren 30 27
16 Lokeren (R) 30 20
Source: Belgian First Division A (in Dutch), Soccerway
(R) Relegated.

Bosnia and Herzegovina[edit]

Prior to gaining independence from Yugoslavia, clubs from Bosnia and Herzegovina were eligible to compete in the Yugoslav First League, which they won three times. The country gained independence in 1992, and its Football Association gained UEFA membership in 1998.[28] Due to political tensions between Bosniaks, Bosnian Serbs and Bosnian Croats, the country did not have a single national top division until the 2002–03 season, but rather two or three. Since then, Zrinjski have won five titles, Željezničar have won three, Sarajevo and Široki Brijeg have each won twice, and three other teams have won it once each.[29]

Since the 2016–17 season, the Premier League has consisted of 12 clubs, reduced from 16 in previous seasons. The 2016–17 season was the first for a two-stage season. In the first stage, each team plays all others home and away, after which the league splits into two six-team groups that also play home and away. The top six teams play for the championship and European qualifying places; the bottom six play to avoid relegation. At the end of the second stage, the bottom two clubs of the relegation group drop to either the First League of Bosnia and Herzegovina or the First League of the Republika Srpska.[30]

Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:


Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Sarajevo (C) 33 70
2 Zrinjski Mostar 33 65
3 Široki Brijeg 33 54
4 Željezničar 33 50
5 Radnik Bijeljina 33 44
6 Mladost Doboj Kakanj 33 43
7 Čelik Zenica 33 43
8 Sloboda Tuzla 33 38
9 Zvijezda 09 33 38
10 Tuzla City 33 36
11 Krupa (R) 33 33
12 GOŠK Gabela (R) 33 23
Source: Football Association of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Soccerway, UEFA
(C) Champion; (R) Relegated.

Bulgaria[edit]

A national Bulgarian championship has been held in every year since 1924, although the 1924, 1927 and 1944 seasons were not completed. The country gained UEFA membership in 1954.[32] Historically, the most successful teams in Bulgarian football have been PFC CSKA Sofia and PFC Levski Sofia; no other team has won more than seven league titles. In recent years, PFC Ludogorets Razgrad has dominated the league; although the team did not make its first appearance in the top flight until 2011–12, it has won the championship in each of its first seven seasons at that level.[33] The 2015–16 season was intended to have 12 teams, but was reduced to 10 after four clubs (the two clubs that would otherwise have been promoted to what was then known as the A Group, plus two from the previous season's A Group) were denied professional licenses. Following that season, the Bulgarian Football Union revamped the country's professional league structure, expanding the top flight to 14 teams and changing that league's name from "A Group" to "First League".

Under the current structure that began in 2016–17, each team plays the others twice, once at each club's stadium. At the end of the season the league splits into separate playoffs, with table points and statistics carrying over in full. The top six teams enter a championship playoff, with each team playing the others home and away. The top finisher is league champion and enters the UEFA Champions League; the second-place team earns a place in the UEFA Europa League; and the third-place team (or fourth-place team, should the winner of that season's Bulgarian Cup finish in the top three) advances to a playoff for the country's final Europa League place. The bottom eight split into two four-team groups, playing home and away within each group. The top two teams from each group enter a knockout playoff consisting of two-legged matches (note, however, that if one of these four teams is the Bulgarian Cup winner, it is withdrawn from the playoff and its opponent receives a bye into the final). The winner of this playoff then plays the third-place team in a one-off match for the final Europa League place. The bottom two clubs from each group enter an identical knockout playoff. The winner remains in the First League; the other three teams face a series of relegation playoffs that also include the second- and third-place clubs from the Second League, with places for only two of these five teams in the next season's First League.[34]

Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

Location of teams in the 2018–19 Parva Liga
Sofia 2018–19 First League football clubs
Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Ludogorets Razgrad 26 62
2 CSKA Sofia 26 57
3 Levski Sofia 26 54
4 Botev Plovdiv 26 45
5 Cherno More 26 42
6 Beroe 26 42
7 Etar 26 40
8 Lokomotiv Plovdiv 26 35
9 Slavia Sofia 26 33
10 Botev Vratsa 26 31
11 Vitosha Bistritsa 26 25
12 Septemvri Sofia 26 21
13 Dunav Ruse 26 20
14 Vereya 26 6
Source: Soccerway

Croatia[edit]

National Croatian leagues were organised in 1914 and during the Second World War, but during peacetime Croatia's biggest clubs competed in the Yugoslav First League. After Croatia declared independence from Yugoslavia in 1991, a national football league was formed in 1992, and the Croatian Football Federation gained UEFA membership in 1993.[36] Since its formation, the Croatian First League has been dominated by NK Dinamo Zagreb and HNK Hajduk Split; as of the end of the 2015–16 season, one of these teams has won the title in all but one of the league's 25 seasons.[37] Since the 2013–14 season, the First League has consisted of 10 teams. At the end of the season, the 10th-placed team is relegated directly to the second division, while the 9th-placed team enters a relegation play-off.

Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Dinamo Zagreb (C) 36 92
2 Rijeka 36 67
3 Osijek 36 62
4 Hajduk Split 36 62
5 Gorica 36 59
6 Lokomotiva 36 49
7 Slaven Belupo 36 37
8 Inter Zaprešić 36 31
9 Istra 1961 (O) 36 25
10 Rudeš (R) 36 14
Source: PrvaHNL.hr
(C) Champion; (O) Play-off winner; (R) Relegated.

Cyprus[edit]

Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

Locations of the 2018–19 Cypriot First Division teams.


Pos Team Pld Pts
1 APOEL 22 49
2 Apollon Limassol 22 47
3 AEL Limassol 22 45
4 AEK Larnaca 22 39
5 Omonia 22 31
6 Nea Salamis Famagusta 22 31
7 Anorthosis Famagusta 22 28
8 Pafos FC 22 21
9 Doxa Katokopias 22 20
10 Enosis Neon Paralimni 22 17
11 Alki Oroklini 22 17
12 Ermis Aradippou 22 10

Czech Republic[edit]

Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Slavia Prague 30 72
2 Viktoria Plzeň 30 68
3 Sparta Prague 30 57
4 Jablonec 30 51
5 Baník Ostrava 30 45
6 Slovan Liberec 30 42
7 Mladá Boleslav (O) 30 42
8 Sigma Olomouc 30 40
9 Fastav Zlín 30 39
10 Teplice 30 36
11 Bohemians 1905 30 34
12 Slovácko 30 34
13 Opava 30 33
14 Příbram 30 31
15 Karviná 30 29
16 Dukla Prague 30 20
Source: Soccerway
(O) Play-off winner.

Denmark[edit]

Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:


Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Copenhagen 26 61
2 Midtjylland 26 60
3 OB 26 42
4 Brøndby 26 38
5 Esbjerg 26 38
6 Nordsjælland 26 36
7 AaB 26 36
8 Randers 26 34
9 AGF 26 31
10 Horsens 26 31
11 SønderjyskE 26 28
12 Vendsyssel 26 22
13 Hobro 26 21
14 Vejle 26 20

England[edit]

Founded in 1888, the Football League was the world's first national football league.[45] The inaugural competition was won by Preston North End, who remained unbeaten throughout the entire season. It was the top level football league in England from its foundation until 1992, when the 22 clubs comprising the First Division resigned from the Football League to form the new FA Premier League.[45] As of the 2017–18 season the Premier League comprises 20 clubs;[46] each team plays every other team twice, with the bottom 3 clubs at the end of the season relegated to the EFL Championship. The most successful domestic club is Manchester United, who have won the league 20 times, while the most successful English club in Europe is Liverpool FC, who have won 6 European Cups, 3 UEFA Cups and 3 UEFA Super Cups, more than any other English team.[47]

Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:


Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Manchester City (C) 38 98
2 Liverpool 38 97
3 Chelsea 38 72
4 Tottenham Hotspur 38 71
5 Arsenal 38 70
6 Manchester United 38 66
7 Wolverhampton Wanderers 38 57
8 Everton 38 54
9 Leicester City 38 52
10 West Ham United 38 52
11 Watford 38 50
12 Crystal Palace 38 49
13 Newcastle United 38 45
14 Bournemouth 38 45
15 Burnley 38 40
16 Southampton 38 39
17 Brighton & Hove Albion 38 36
18 Cardiff City (R) 38 34
19 Fulham (R) 38 26
20 Huddersfield Town (R) 38 16
Source: Premier League
(C) Champion; (R) Relegated.

Estonia[edit]

An independent Estonian league took place between 1921 and 1940. However, after the Second World War it became part of the Soviet Union, and became a regional system. Estonia regained independence after the dissolution of the USSR, organising the first national championship in 52 years in 1992, the same year that the Estonian Football Association joined UEFA.[48][49] FC Flora Tallinn is the most successful team in the modern era, with 10 league titles as of the end of the 2016 season.[48] Since 2005, the Premier Division has consisted of 10 teams, which play one another four times. At the end of the season the bottom team is relegated to the second level of Estonian football, while the ninth-placed team enters into a relegation playoff.[50]

Clubs and locations as of 2019 season:


Pos Team Pld Pts
1 FCI Levadia 24 59
2 Flora 23 58
3 Paide Linnameeskond 24 49
4 Nõmme Kalju 22 44
5 Tammeka 24 29
6 Narva Trans 24 26
7 Kuressaare 24 17
8 Tulevik 23 16
9 Tallinna Kalev 23 16
10 Maardu Linnameeskond 23 15
Updated to match(es) played on 18 August 2019. Source: Estonian Football Association (in Estonian), UEFA

Faroe Islands[edit]

The Faroe Islands are a constituent country of the Kingdom of Denmark, which also comprises Greenland and Denmark itself. The league was formed in 1942, and has been contested annually since, with the exception of 1944 due to a lack of available balls.[52] The Faroe Islands gained UEFA recognition in 1992.[53] The most successful teams are Havnar Bóltfelag and KÍ Klaksvík, with 22 and 17 Premier League titles respectively as of the most recently completed 2016 season. Since the 1988 season, the Premier League has consisted of 10 teams.[54] They play each other three times, with the bottom two teams relegated to the First Division.

Clubs and locations as of 2018 season:

Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Havnar Bóltfelag (C) 27 73
2 NSÍ Runavík 27 55
3 B36 Tórshavn 27 53
4 KÍ Klaksvík 27 51
5 Víkingur Gøta 27 39
6 Skála ÍF 27 29
7 TB/FC Suðuroy/Royn 27 28
8 EB/Streymur 27 21
9 Argja Bóltfelag 27 18
10 07 Vestur (R) 27 17
Updated to match(es) played on 27 October 2018. Source: Faroe Soccer (in Faroese), Soccerway
(C) Champion; (R) Relegated.

Finland[edit]

Finland's current league has been contested annually since 1898, with the exceptions of 1914 and 1943.[56] The most successful team are HJK Helsinki with 22 titles; as of 2010, no other team has won 10 or more. However, between 1920 and 1948 a rival championship operated, organised by the Finnish Workers' Sports Federation. Frequent champions in that competition before it came under the jurisdiction of the Football Association of Finland included Kullervo Helsinki, Vesa Helsinki and Tampereen Pallo-Veikot.[57] The Premier League consists of 12 teams. Since 2019 season teams play one another two times, then the top 6 teams play the championship round, and the bottom 6 the relegation round. At the end of the season the bottom club is relegated to the First Division, and the second-last club contests a in a play-off with the 2nd team of the First Division.

Clubs and locations as of 2019 season:

Location of teams in 2018 Veikkausliiga
Pos Team Pld Pts
1 FC Inter (Q) 20 36
2 Ilves (Q) 19 36
3 KuPS 20 34
4 FC Honka 19 31
5 HJK 19 30
6 SJK 19 27
7 IFK Mariehamn 19 25
8 HIFK 19 25
9 FC Lahti 19 25
10 RoPS 19 19
11 KPV (Q) 19 13
12 VPS (Q) 19 9
Updated to match(es) played on 16 August 2019. Source: Veikkausliiga, Soccerway
(Q) Qualified to the phase indicated.

France[edit]

France's first football team—Le Havre AC—formed in 1872. The first French championship was first held in 1894, but only featured teams from the capital, Paris. Between 1896 and 1912, national championships were organised by several competing federations; the first universally recognised national championship took place in the 1912–13 season. However, it only lasted two seasons; from the outbreak of the First World War in 1914, French football operated on a regional basis until 1932. A national league resumed between 1932 and 1939, and has operated annually since the conclusion of the Second World War in 1945.[58] Ligue 1 and its predecessors have featured 20 teams since the 1946–47 season. Each team plays the other nineteen sides home and away, and at the end of the season the bottom three teams are relegated to Ligue 2.[59] So far, Olympique de Marseille are the only French club to have won the UEFA Champions League, in 1993.

Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:


Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Paris Saint-Germain (C) 38 91
2 Lille 38 75
3 Lyon 38 72
4 Saint-Étienne 38 66
5 Marseille 38 61
6 Montpellier 38 59
7 Nice 38 56
8 Reims 38 55
9 Nîmes 38 53
10 Rennes 38 52
11 Strasbourg 38 49
12 Nantes 38 48
13 Angers 38 46
14 Bordeaux 38 41
15 Amiens 38 38
16 Toulouse 38 38
17 Monaco 38 36
18 Dijon (O) 38 34
19 Caen (R) 38 33
20 Guingamp (R) 38 27
Source: Ligue 1 and Soccerway
(C) Champion; (O) Play-off winner; (R) Relegated.

Georgia[edit]

A Georgian football championship first took place in 1926, as part of the Soviet football system. The first independent championship took place in 1990, despite the fact that Georgia remained a Soviet state until 1991. Upon independence, Georgia subsequently joined UEFA and FIFA in 1992.[61]

When Georgia organised its first independent championship, it operated with a spring-to-autumn season contained entirely within a calendar year. After the 1991 championship, the country transitioned to an autumn-to-spring season spanning two calendar years. This format continued through the 2015–16 season, after which it returned to a spring-to-autumn format. This was accomplished by holding an abbreviated 2016 season in autumn; the transition was completed for the 2017 season. Before the most recent transition, 16 teams had competed in the top flight, but the league was reduced to 14 teams for the 2016 season, and was reduced further to 10 for 2017 and beyond.

Clubs and locations as of 2019 season:

Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Dinamo Batumi 24 46
2 Dinamo Tbilisi 22 44
3 Saburtalo Tbilisi 21 40
4 Locomotive Tbilisi 24 36
5 Torpedo Kutaisi 22 34
6 Chikhura Sachkhere 24 28
7 Rustavi 24 28
8 Dila Gori 23 26
9 Sioni Bolnisi 24 26
10 WIT Georgia 24 16
Updated to match(es) played on 17 August 2019. Source: Erovnuli Liga, Scoresway

Germany[edit]

The Bundesliga consists of 18 teams, who play each other twice, for a total of 34 matches. The teams finishing in 17th and 18th places are relegated directly to the 2. Bundesliga, while the team finishing in 16th place enters into a two-legged play-off with the team finishing 3rd in the lower division.

Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:


Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Bayern Munich (C) 34 78
2 Borussia Dortmund 34 76
3 RB Leipzig 34 66
4 Bayer Leverkusen 34 58
5 Borussia Mönchengladbach 34 55
6 VfL Wolfsburg 34 55
7 Eintracht Frankfurt 34 54
8 Werder Bremen 34 53
9 1899 Hoffenheim 34 51
10 Fortuna Düsseldorf 34 44
11 Hertha BSC 34 43
12 Mainz 05 34 43
13 SC Freiburg 34 36
14 Schalke 04 34 33
15 FC Augsburg 34 32
16 VfB Stuttgart (R) 34 28
17 Hannover 96 (R) 34 21
18 1. FC Nürnberg (R) 34 19
Source: DFB
(C) Champion; (R) Relegated.

Gibraltar[edit]

The Gibraltar Football Association was founded in 1895, making it one of the ten oldest active football associations in the world. League football has been organized by the GFA since 1905. The first league season after Gibraltar were accepted as full members of UEFA was 2013–14, making qualification to the UEFA Champions League and UEFA Europa League possible since the 2014–15 season, provided the relevant club has received a UEFA licence.[2] The Premier Division has consisted of 10 teams since the 2015–16 season. All league matches are held at Victoria Stadium.

Clubs as of 2018–19 season:

The stand of a football stadium, appearing to be made of concrete, in the daytime. The centre section of the stand is covered by a roof. On the front edge of the roof, the letters "VICTORIA STADIUM" can be seen.
View of the Victoria Stadium's West Stand.


Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Lincoln Red Imps (C) 27 66
2 Europa FC 27 64
3 St Joseph's 27 55
4 Mons Calpe 27 49
5 Gibraltar Phoenix 27 43
6 Gibraltar United 27 39
7 Lynx 27 31
8 Glacis United 27 24
9 Lions Gibraltar 27 9
10 Boca Gibraltar 27 7
Source: UEFA, Soccerway
(C) Champion.

Greece[edit]

Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:


Pos Team Pld Pts
1 PAOK (C) 30 80
2 Olympiacos 30 75
3 AEK Athens 30 57
4 Atromitos 30 52
5 Aris Thessaloniki 30 49
6 Panionios 30 38
7 Lamia 30 37
8 Panathinaikos 30 36
9 Panetolikos 30 36
10 AEL 30 34
11 Asteras Tripolis 30 33
12 Xanthi 30 32
13 OFI (O) 30 32
14 PAS Giannina (R) 30 27
15 Levadiakos (R) 30 21
16 Apollon Smyrnis (R) 30 10
Source: Superleague Greece, Soccerway
(C) Champion; (O) Play-off winner; (R) Relegated.

Hungary[edit]

Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

Location of teams in 2018–19 Nemzeti Bajnokság I
Location of Budapest teams
Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Ferencváros (C) 33 74
2 MOL Vidi 33 61
3 Debrecen 33 51
4 Budapest Honvéd 33 49
5 Újpest 33 48
6 Mezőkövesd 33 44
7 Puskás Akadémia 33 40
8 Paks 33 39
9 Kisvárda 33 38
10 Diósgyőr 33 38
11 MTK Budapest (R) 33 34
12 Szombathelyi Haladás (R) 33 30
Source: Hungarian Football Federation (in Hungarian), Soccerway
(C) Champion; (R) Relegated.

Iceland[edit]

Clubs and locations as of 2018 season:

Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Valur (C, Q) 22 46
2 Breiðablik (Q) 22 44
3 Stjarnan (Q) 22 40
4 KR (Q) 22 37
5 FH 22 37
6 ÍBV 22 29
7 KA 22 28
8 Fylkir 22 26
9 Víkingur R. 22 25
10 Grindavík 22 25
11 Fjölnir (R) 22 19
12 Keflavík (R) 22 4
Updated to match(es) played on 29 September 2018. Source: KSÍ (in Icelandic), Soccerway
(C) Champion; (Q) Qualified to the phase indicated; (R) Relegated.

Israel[edit]

Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Maccabi Tel Aviv 26 66
2 Maccabi Haifa 26 44
3 Maccabi Netanya 26 43
4 Hapoel Be'er Sheva 26 39
5 Bnei Yehuda 26 37
6 Hapoel Hadera 26 33
7 Hapoel Haifa 26 32
8 Hapoel Tel Aviv 26 31
9 Ironi Kiryat Shmona 26 30
10 Hapoel Ra'anana 26 30
11 Beitar Jerusalem 26 29
12 Maccabi Petah Tikva 26 28
13 F.C. Ashdod 26 22
14 Bnei Sakhnin 26 21
Source: Soccerway

Italy[edit]

Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:


Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Juventus (C) 38 90
2 Napoli 38 79
3 Atalanta 38 69
4 Internazionale 38 69
5 Milan 38 68
6 Roma 38 66
7 Torino 38 63
8 Lazio 38 59
9 Sampdoria 38 53
10 Bologna 38 44
11 Sassuolo 38 43
12 Udinese 38 43
13 SPAL 38 42
14 Parma 38 41
15 Cagliari 38 41
16 Fiorentina 38 41
17 Genoa 38 38
18 Empoli (R) 38 38
19 Frosinone (R) 38 25
20 Chievo (R) 38 17
Source: Serie A, Soccerway
(C) Champion; (R) Relegated.

Kazakhstan[edit]

Clubs and locations as of 2019 season:

Locations of teams in the 2018 Kazakhstan Premier League


Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Kairat 23 47
2 Tobol 23 46
3 Astana 22 44
4 Ordabasy 23 43
5 Zhetysu 23 38
6 Kaisar 23 37
7 Shakhter Karagandy 23 33
8 Okzhetpes 23 27
9 Taraz 23 19
10 Atyrau 22 18
11 Irtysh Pavlodar 23 18
12 Aktobe 23 4
Updated to match(es) played on 18 August 2019. Source: UEFA, Soccerway

Kosovo[edit]

Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:


Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Feronikeli (C) 33 80
2 Prishtina 33 75
3 Llapi 33 69
4 Drita 33 48
5 Ferizaj 33 46
6 Flamurtari 33 45
7 Ballkani 33 43
8 Drenica 33 43
9 Trepça'89 (O) 33 42
10 Gjilani (O) 33 38
11 Liria (R) 33 28
12 KEK (R) 33 1
Source: Football Federation of Kosovo (in Albanian), Soccerway
(C) Champion; (O) Play-off winner; (R) Relegated.

Latvia[edit]

Clubs and locations as of 2019 season:

Locations of the 2018 Latvian Higher League teams
Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Riga 22 47
2 RFS 24 41
3 Spartaks Jūrmala 23 37
4 Ventspils 22 34
5 Valmiera Glass ViA 23 33
6 Liepāja 23 28
7 Jelgava 23 26
8 Daugavpils 23 24
9 METTA/LU 23 19
Updated to match(es) played on 18 August 2019. Source: Soccerway

Lithuania[edit]

Clubs and locations as of 2019 season:


Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Žalgiris 20 49
2 Sūduva 18 45
3 Riteriai 20 35
4 Kauno Žalgiris 20 30
5 Panevėžys 20 23
6 Atlantas 20 16
7 Stumbras 20 15
8 Palanga 20 13
Updated to match(es) played on 18 August 2019. Source: A Lyga (in Lithuanian), UEFA, Soccerway

Luxembourg[edit]

Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:


Pos Team Pld Pts
1 F91 Dudelange (C) 26 59
2 Fola Esch 26 50
3 Jeunesse Esch 26 48
4 Progrès Niederkorn 26 44
5 Differdange 03 26 44
6 Racing FC 26 39
7 UNA Strassen 26 39
8 Union Titus Pétange 26 37
9 Mondorf-les-Bains 26 35
10 Etzella Ettelbruck 26 28
11 Victoria Rosport 26 28
12 Hostert (O) 26 25
13 RM Hamm Benfica (R) 26 19
14 Rumelange (R) 26 16
Source: UEFA, Soccerway
(C) Champion; (O) Play-off winner; (R) Relegated.

Malta[edit]

Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:


Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Valletta (C) 26 58
2 Hibernians 26 58
3 Gżira United 26 50
4 Ħamrun Spartans 26 46
5 Sliema Wanderers 26 45
6 Balzan 26 43
7 Birkirkara 26 39
8 Floriana 26 32
9 Mosta 26 29
10 Tarxien Rainbows 26 26
11 Senglea Athletic 26 26
12 St. Andrews (R) 26 24
13 Qormi (R) 26 20
14 Pietà Hotspurs (R) 26 13
Source: Malta Football Association
(C) Champion; (R) Relegated.

Moldova[edit]

Clubs and locations as of 2019 season:

Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Sheriff Tiraspol 18 48
2 Sfântul Gheorghe 18 37
3 Petrocub-Hîncești 18 31
4 Milsami Orhei 18 29
5 Speranța Nisporeni 18 22
6 Dinamo-Auto 18 22
7 Zimbru Chișinău 18 10
8 Codru Lozova 18 3
Updated to match(es) played on 18 August 2019. Source: FMF, UEFA, Soccerway

Montenegro[edit]

Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

Location of the 2018–19 Montenegrin First League teams


Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Sutjeska (C) 36 74
2 Budućnost 36 65
3 Zeta 36 61
4 OFK Titograd 36 57
5 Iskra 36 50
6 Grbalj 36 48
7 Petrovac 36 47
8 Rudar (O) 36 41
9 Lovćen (R) 36 26
10 Mornar (R) 36 12
Source: UEFA, Soccerway
(C) Champion; (O) Play-off winner; (R) Relegated.

Netherlands[edit]

Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:


Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Ajax (C) 34 86
2 PSV Eindhoven 34 83
3 Feyenoord 34 65
4 AZ 34 58
5 Vitesse 34 53
6 Utrecht (O) 34 53
7 Heracles Almelo 34 48
8 Groningen 34 45
9 ADO Den Haag 34 45
10 Willem II 34 44
11 Heerenveen 34 41
12 VVV-Venlo 34 41
13 PEC Zwolle 34 39
14 Emmen 34 38
15 Fortuna Sittard 34 34
16 Excelsior (R) 34 33
17 De Graafschap (R) 34 29
18 NAC Breda (R) 34 23
Source: eredivisie.nl
(C) Champion; (O) Play-off winner; (R) Relegated.

North Macedonia[edit]

Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

Location of teams in 2018–19 Macedonian First League
Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Shkëndija (C) 36 79
2 Vardar 36 64
3 Akademija Pandev 36 58
4 Shkupi 36 48
5 Makedonija GP 36 47
6 Renova 36 47
7 Rabotnichki 36 46
8 Sileks (O) 36 44
9 Belasica (R) 36 38
10 Pobeda (R) 36 23
Source: MacedonianFootball.com
(C) Champion; (O) Play-off winner; (R) Relegated.

Northern Ireland[edit]

Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

Location of the Belfast-based teams in the 2018–19 NIFL Premiership
Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Linfield (C) 38 85
2 Ballymena United 38 78
3 Glenavon 38 70
4 Crusaders 38 65
5 Cliftonville (O) 38 61
6 Coleraine 38 56
7 Glentoran 38 49
8 Institute 38 44
9 Dungannon Swifts 38 42
10 Warrenpoint Town 38 39
11 Ards (R) 38 27
12 Newry City (R) 38 23
Source: NIFL Premiership, Soccerway
(C) Champion; (O) Play-off winner; (R) Relegated.
Notes:
  1. ^ Teams play each other three times (33 matches), before the league split into two groups (the top six and the bottom six) for the last five matches.
  • Derry City, a club from Northern Ireland, has competed in the Republic of Ireland's football league system, the League of Ireland, since 1985.

Norway[edit]

Clubs and locations as of 2019 season:

Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Molde 18 39
2 Bodø/Glimt 18 39
3 Odd 18 34
4 Rosenborg 18 29
5 Brann 18 29
6 Vålerenga 18 26
7 Viking 18 25
8 Haugesund 18 24
9 Kristiansund 18 23
10 Lillestrøm 18 22
11 Mjøndalen 18 20
12 Stabæk 18 20
13 Ranheim 18 18
14 Tromsø 18 18
15 Sarpsborg 08 18 15
16 Strømsgodset 18 13
Updated to match(es) played on 19 August 2019. Source: Football Association of Norway (in Norwegian), Soccerway

Poland[edit]

Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

Regular Season[edit]

Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Lechia Gdańsk 30 60
2 Legia Warsaw 30 60
3 Piast Gliwice 30 53
4 Cracovia 30 48
5 Zagłębie Lubin 30 47
6 Jagiellonia Białystok 30 47
7 Pogoń Szczecin 30 43
8 Lech Poznań 30 43
9 Wisła Kraków 30 42
10 Korona Kielce 30 40
11 Miedź Legnica 30 32
12 Górnik Zabrze 30 31
13 Śląsk Wrocław 30 31
14 Wisła Płock 30 30
15 Arka Gdynia 30 29
16 Zagłębie Sosnowiec 30 24

Championship Round[edit]

Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Piast Gliwice (C) 37 72
2 Legia Warsaw 37 68
3 Lechia Gdańsk 37 67
4 Cracovia 37 57
5 Jagiellonia Białystok 37 57
6 Zagłębie Lubin 37 53
7 Pogoń Szczecin 37 52
8 Lech Poznań 37 52
Source: Ekstraklasa, 90minut
(C) Champion.

Portugal[edit]

Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

Location of teams in 2018–19 Primeira Liga (Madeira)
Location of teams in 2018–19 Primeira Liga (Azores)


Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Benfica (C) 34 87
2 Porto 34 85
3 Sporting CP 34 74
4 Braga 34 67
5 Vitória de Guimarães 34 52
6 Moreirense 34 52
7 Rio Ave 34 45
8 Boavista 34 44
9 Belenenses SAD 34 43
10 Santa Clara 34 42
11 Marítimo 34 39
12 Portimonense 34 39
13 Vitória de Setúbal 34 36
14 Desportivo das Aves 34 36
15 Tondela 34 35
16 Chaves (R) 34 32
17 Nacional (R) 34 28
18 Feirense (R) 34 20
Source: Liga Portugal
(C) Champion; (R) Relegated.

Republic of Ireland[edit]

Clubs and locations as of 2019 season:

Locations of Dublin Premier Division teams


Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Dundalk 26 62
2 Shamrock Rovers 28 58
3 Bohemians 29 49
4 Derry City 29 46
5 St Patrick's Athletic 29 43
6 Sligo Rovers 28 32
7 Cork City 27 30
8 Waterford 27 27
9 Finn Harps 29 23
10 UCD 28 17
Updated to match(es) played on 19 August 2019. Source: SSE Airtricity League, Soccerway

Romania[edit]

Clubs and locations as of 2019–20 season:

Pos Team Pld Pts
1 CFR Cluj 6 14
2 Politehnica Iași 6 14
3 Viitorul Constanța 6 12
4 Gaz Metan Mediaș 6 12
5 Botoșani 6 10
6 Universitatea Craiova 6 10
7 Sepsi Sfântu Gheorghe 6 8
8 Astra Giurgiu 6 8
9 Hermannstadt 6 6
10 Voluntari 6 5
11 FCSB 6 4
12 Chindia Târgoviște 6 4
13 Academica Clinceni 6 3
14 Dinamo București 6 3
Updated to match(es) played on 19 August 2019. Source: LPF (in Romanian), Soccerway

Russia[edit]

Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

Locations of teams in 2018–19 Russian Premier League
Map of Russia with the teams of the 2018–19 Premier League
Moscow
Moscow
Locations of teams in 2018–19 Russian Premier League


Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Zenit Saint Petersburg (C) 30 64
2 Lokomotiv Moscow 30 56
3 Krasnodar 30 56
4 CSKA Moscow 30 51
5 Spartak Moscow 30 49
6 Arsenal Tula 30 46
7 Orenburg 30 43
8 Akhmat Grozny 30 42
9 Rostov 30 41
10 Ural Yekaterinburg 30 38
11 Rubin Kazan 30 36
12 Dynamo Moscow 30 33
13 Krylia Sovetov Samara (O) 30 28
14 Ufa (O) 30 26
15 Anzhi Makhachkala (R) 30 21
16 Yenisey Krasnoyarsk (R) 30 20
Updated to match(es) played on 26 May 2019. Source: Russian Premier League, Soccerway
(C) Champion; (O) Play-off winner; (R) Relegated.

San Marino[edit]

This is a complete list of football clubs in San Marino (as San Marino has only one level domestic amateur league), apart from San Marino Calcio, the only professional Sammarinese club, which as of 2016–17 competes in Serie D, the fourth level of the Italian football league system.

Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:[92]

Because there is no promotion or relegation in the league, the same 15 teams competed in the league.

2018–19 Campionato Sammarinese di Calcio team distribution

Scotland[edit]

Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:


Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Celtic (C) 38 87
2 Rangers 38 78
3 Kilmarnock 38 67
4 Aberdeen 38 67
5 Hibernian 38 54
6 Heart of Midlothian 38 51
7 St Johnstone 38 52
8 Motherwell 38 51
9 Livingston 38 44
10 Hamilton Academical 38 33
11 St Mirren (O) 38 32
12 Dundee (R) 38 21
Source: Soccerway BBC
(C) Champion; (O) Play-off winner; (R) Relegated.
Notes:
  1. ^ Teams play each other three times (33 matches), before the league is split into two groups (the top six and the bottom six).

Serbia[edit]

Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

Locations of the 2018–19 Serbian SuperLiga teams


Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Red Star Belgrade 30 84
2 Radnički Niš 30 75
3 Partizan 30 54
4 Čukarički 30 54
5 Mladost Lučani 30 46
6 Napredak Kruševac 30 41
7 Vojvodina 30 39
8 Proleter Novi Sad 30 38
9 Spartak Subotica 30 38
10 Radnik Surdulica 30 38
11 Voždovac 30 37
12 Mačva Šabac 30 32
13 Bačka Bačka Palanka 30 25
14 Rad 30 21
15 Dinamo Vranje 30 20
16 Zemun 30 18
Source: SuperLiga (in Serbian), Soccerway

Slovakia[edit]

Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:


Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Slovan Bratislava 22 58
2 Žilina 22 44
3 DAC Dunajská Streda 22 44
4 Ružomberok 22 36
5 Zemplín Michalovce 22 32
6 Sereď 22 31
7 Nitra 22 26
8 Spartak Trnava 22 25
9 Trenčín 22 22
10 Železiarne Podbrezová 22 21
11 Senica 22 15
12 Zlaté Moravce 22 14
Source: Soccerway

Slovenia[edit]

Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

Location of teams in the 2018–19 Slovenian PrvaLiga


Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Maribor (C) 36 78
2 Olimpija Ljubljana 36 69
3 Domžale 36 63
4 Mura 36 52
5 Celje 36 49
6 Aluminij 36 48
7 Rudar Velenje 36 43
8 Triglav Kranj 36 37
9 Gorica (R) 36 31
10 Krško (R) 36 24
Source: PrvaLiga (in Slovene), Soccerway, UEFA.com
(C) Champion; (R) Relegated.

Spain[edit]

Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

Location of Madrid teams in 2018–19 La Liga


Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Barcelona (C) 38 87
2 Atlético Madrid 38 76
3 Real Madrid 38 68
4 Valencia 38 61
5 Getafe 38 59
6 Sevilla 38 59
7 Espanyol 38 53
8 Athletic Bilbao 38 53
9 Real Sociedad 38 50
10 Real Betis 38 50
11 Alavés 38 50
12 Eibar 38 47
13 Leganés 38 45
14 Villarreal 38 44
15 Levante 38 44
16 Valladolid 38 41
17 Celta Vigo 38 41
18 Girona (R) 38 37
19 Huesca (R) 38 33
20 Rayo Vallecano (R) 38 32
Source: La Liga, Soccerway
(C) Champion; (R) Relegated.

Sweden[edit]

A Swedish championship was first organised in 1896, and the champions were decided by a knockout cup format until 1925, when Allsvenskan was formed.[97] Sweden was one of the founding members of UEFA in 1954.[98] As of the most recently completed 2017 season, Malmö FF have won the most national titles with 20, followed by IFK Göteborg with 18 and IFK Norrköping with 13. Malmö also have the most league titles, with 23 to 13 for both IFK Götebörg and IFK Norrköping. Since 2008,[99] Allsvenskan has featured 16 teams. They each play one another home and away, for a total of 30 games. The bottom two teams are relegated to the Superettan (The Super One), and the 14th-placed Allsvenskan team enters into a relegation playoff with the 3rd-placed Superettan team to decide which will play in Allsvenskan for the following season.[100]

Clubs and locations as of 2019 season:

Location of teams in 2019 Allsvenskan


Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Djurgårdens IF 20 44
2 Malmö FF 20 41
3 AIK 20 40
4 Hammarby IF 20 38
5 BK Häcken 20 37
6 IFK Göteborg 20 35
7 IFK Norrköping 20 34
8 IF Elfsborg 20 24
9 Örebro SK 20 22
10 Östersunds FK 20 21
11 Kalmar FF 20 18
12 Helsingborgs IF 20 18
13 IK Sirius 20 18
14 Falkenbergs FF 20 16
15 AFC Eskilstuna 20 14
16 GIF Sundsvall 20 12
Updated to match(es) played on 19 August 2019. Source: svenskfotboll.se (in Swedish)

Switzerland[edit]

Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:


Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Young Boys (C) 36 91
2 Basel 36 71
3 Lugano 36 46
4 Thun 36 46
5 Luzern 36 46
6 St. Gallen 36 46
7 Zürich 36 44
8 Sion 36 43
9 Xamax (O) 36 37
10 Grasshopper (R) 36 25
Source: Swiss Super League
(C) Champion; (O) Play-off winner; (R) Relegated.

Turkey[edit]

Turkish football operated on a regional basis until the 1950s. A national knockout tournament took place in 1957 and 1958, to decide European qualification. The Turkish Football Federation retrospectively recognised these tournaments as deciding the Turkish champions; both competitions were won by Beşiktaş J.K.[102] A national league was formed in 1959, and has been held annually from then onwards.[102] Since the formation of a national league, the most successful teams are Galatasaray and Fenerbahçe, with 20 and 19 league titles respectively as of the most recently completed 2016–17 season. Currently, 18 teams compete in the Süper Lig. Each team plays the other teams home and away, with the bottom three teams relegated to the TFF First League for the following season.[103]

Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

List of top-division football clubs in UEFA countries is located in Turkey
Istanbul
Istanbul