List of tornadoes in the 1985 United States–Canada tornado outbreak

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On May 31, a violent tornado outbreak occurred around Lake Erie, with strong tornadoes touching down in Ohio, Ontario, and Pennsylvania.

Confirmed tornadoes[edit]

Confirmed tornadoes by Fujita rating
FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5 Total
0 4 12 7 12 8 1 44
F# Location County/Regional Municipality Time (UTC) Path length Damage
Ontario
F0 Leamington area Essex unknown unknown
F2 N of Wiarton Bruce 1850 1 mile (1.6 km)
F3 S of Hopeville Grey 1945–2000 10.6 miles (17.1 km)
F3 Mansfield area Dufferin, Simcoe 2000–2030 25 miles (40 km) Multiple homes were damaged.
F0 N of Alliston Simcoe 2030 0.6 miles (0.97 km)
F4 N of Arthur to W of Mount Albert Wellington, Dufferin, Simcoe, York 2015–2125 71.5 miles (115.1 km) 6 deaths—Tornado devastated the town of Grand Valley, where numerous homes and three churches were completely destroyed. The roof of the local library was torn off and thrown 200 meters. A shopping center on the north side of Orangeville partially collapsed. Severe damage occurred in rural areas as well, including to hydro towers which were toppled by the tornado.
F4 Barrie Simcoe 2100 6.2 miles (10.0 km) 8 deaths—Major damage in Barrie with many homes and businesses completely destroyed. A few poorly constructed homes were swept away. Vehicles and boats were tossed by the tornado, and highway guard rails were torn away and wrapped around telephone poles. An industrial park was devastated as well, with many factory buildings completely leveled. Apartment buildings sustained major damage, and wooden splinters were found speared into concrete walls at some locations.
F1 Wagner Lake area Durham 2140 unknown
F1 Reaboro area Peterborough 2205 unknown
F3 Alma to Hilsburgh Wellington 2215–2230 20.6 miles (33.2 km) Damage was mostly confined to outbuildings.
F2 Ida area Peterborough 2220 unknown
F3 Rice Lake area Northumberland 2225 unknown
F1 Minto area Hastings 2235 unknown
F1 Grippen Lake area Leeds and Grenville 0010 unknown [1]
Ohio
F4 NE of Monroe Center to NE of Ivarea, PA Ashtabula, OH, Erie, PA 2059 14 miles (23 km) 12 deaths—In Ohio, trees and power poles were downed and 10 mobile homes were destroyed. Tornado crossed the state border and struck Albion, Pennsylvania, where an area up to 2 blocks wide and 10 blocks long was devastated. Many homes in town were completely leveled and 9 people were killed. Tornado struck two trailer parks in Cranesville, Pennsylvania, where three other people died.
F3 SE of Bundysburg to NE of Colebrooke Trumbull, Ashtabula 2105 15 miles (24 km) 40 homes were destroyed, along with multiple trucks, cars, and trailers. Numerous other structures were damaged.
F4 SE of Cornelion to SE of Eagle Rock, PA Trumbull, OH, Mercer, PA, Crawford, Venango, Forest 2117 56.2 miles (90.4 km) 16 deaths—Long track tornado touched down near the Ohio/Pennsylvania border and caused major damage in and around Jamestown, Atlantic, Cochranton, Cooperstown, Cherry Tree, and Hannasville. Atlantic was particularly hard hit, where a grain mill, a chair factory, a communications tower, a post office, a school building, and multiple homes were destroyed. Five people were killed there. Two homes and 11 trailers were destroyed at a trailer park in the Cherry Tree area, where five additional fatalities occurred. A poultry farm lost 160,000 birds. Numerous other structures including churches, mobile homes, a motel, and two taverns were damaged or destroyed along the path. Tornado caused a total of $5,000,000 in damage.
F2 NE of Dorset to W of Steamburg, PA Ashtabula, OH, Crawford, PA 2128 10 miles (16 km) Several homes and farm buildings were torn apart along the path.
F5 W of Newton Falls to W of Mercer, PA Portage, OH, Trumbull, Mercer, PA 2230 47 miles (76 km) 18 deathsSee the section on this tornado.
F1 SW of London Madison 2306 0.5 miles (0.80 km)
F3 N of Johnstown to W of West Carlisle Licking, Coshocton 2315 29 miles (47 km) 1 death—Several homes and buildings were destroyed, and one person was killed near Fallsburg. Caused $5,000,000 in damage.
F2 S of Salem to W of East Palestine Columbiana 2335 15 miles (24 km) Many homes and farm buildings were destroyed.
F1 NE of Frazeysburg Muskingum, Coshocton 2350 11 miles (18 km)
F1 W of East Sparta Stark 0045 0.2 miles (0.32 km)
F1 SW of Cedar Mills Adams 0105 2 miles (3.2 km)
Pennsylvania
F2 SE of Linesville Crawford 2110 4 miles (6.4 km) 1 death—Touched town over the Pymatuning Reservoir and moved ashore, damaging numerous homes and campgrounds. The fatality occurred when a woman was crushed underneath a travel trailer. Two trailer homes were swept away, and a barn, a garage, and other structures were damaged.
F3 S of Saegertown to NE of Centerville Crawford 2123 23 miles (37 km) 2 deaths—Tornado struck a ranger's home at the Army Corps of Engineers Station. A car was rolled 100 feet at this location. The fatalities occurred at Centerville.
F4 SE of Waterford to SE of Panama, NY Erie, PA, Warren, Chautauqua, NY 2125 28 miles (45 km) In Pennsylvania, over 50 buildings were destroyed in the Corry and Elgin areas. One farm was completely leveled in the area, with nothing but a silo left standing. The farmhouse was seen airborne by eyewitnesses. A dump truck was tossed over a house and a wagon was thrown over a mile. 30 head of cattle were killed in the area. Tornado crossed into New York and traversed rural areas before dissipating.
F3 S of Centerville Crawford 2212 8 miles (13 km) Ten homes, a trailer, and several barns were destroyed. A $500,000 state transportation building was destroyed as well.
F4 SE of Shamburg to SW of Owls Nest Venango, Forest 2230 29 miles (47 km) 7 deaths—700 structures were damaged along the path, 125 of which were destroyed. 14 of 17 trailers were destroyed at a drug and alcohol rehab center. The fatalities took place near German Hill, three of which occurred when a car was thrown 100 yards from Hwy-36.
F1 S of Pittsfield Warren 2230 5 miles (8.0 km)
F2 SW of Chaffee to E of Halsey Forest, Elk, McKean 2250 19 miles (31 km) Damage was mostly limited to trees.
F3 S of Tidioute Warren 2330 17 miles (27 km) 32 buildings were damaged or destroyed.
F4 N of Sabula to NW of Jersey Shore Clearfield, Clinton, Centre 2335 69 miles (111 km) Tornado carved a massive path through Moshannon State Forest, downing thousands of trees. The tornado went through Parker Dam State Park in Clearfield County. 13 homes were destroyed, mostly near the beginning of the path.
F2 SW of Dotter Venango 2354 6 miles (9.7 km) A trailer and five homes were destroyed or badly damaged. A man and his son were badly injured when another trailer was destroyed. Caused $243,000 in damage.
F0 S of Emlenton Venango, Clarion 2356 5 miles (8.0 km)
F4 NW of Brookston to E of Glen Hazel Warren, McKean, Elk 0000 29 miles (47 km) 4 deaths—Severe damage along the path, especially in the Kane area, where three businesses were destroyed, the schools sustained $3,000,000 in damage, and 99 homes were left uninhabitable. A church in the area had only its front steps left, and many vehicles were crushed under collapsed garages. Caused a total of $15,000,000 in damage.
F3 NW of Darlington to E of Sarverville Beaver, Butler 0010 39 miles (63 km) 9 deaths—The Big Beaver Borough Shopping Plaza was destroyed near Beaver Falls. Two people were killed at this location, and over 100 cars were damaged or destroyed in the parking lot. 16 antique cars were destroyed in a garage nearby. At the intersection of highways 588 and 65, the tornado destroyed three homes, a drive-in theater, a service station, and two other businesses. A van was picked up from I-79 and tossed a quarter-mile by the tornado. The family inside was ejected from the vehicle but survived. A trailer park was leveled in the Evans City area, and 40 homes were destroyed between Callery and Mars. Witnesses in the area reported pink insulation and sheet metal falling from the sky prior to the tornado.
F3 NW of Bastress to NE of Springton Lycoming, Union, Northumberland 0125 19 miles (31 km) 6 deaths—At the Hidden Creek Campground, 48 of the 60 trailers were destroyed, with the rest being damaged. An 83-year-old woman survived the tornado when it threw her mobile home off an 80-foot cliff and into a tree. In Union County, the tornado destroyed three mobile homes, 8 permanent homes, and 18 vehicles. Five other homes were damaged in the area. In Northumberland County, the tornado damaged or destroyed two businesses, 140 mobile homes, 77 permanent homes, a church, 9 silos, and 28 barns. Thousands of trees were snapped along the path.
F0 W of Manor Indiana 0153 6 miles (9.7 km)
F1 NW of Freeland Luzerne 0245 11 miles (18 km)
F1 NW of Tobyhanna Monroe 0405 0.2 miles (0.32 km)
New York
F3 E of Jamestown Chautauqua 2225 13 miles (21 km) Homes near Busti, Harmony, Carroll, and Kiantone were torn apart or destroyed.
F1 N of Norfolk St. Lawrence 0230 5 miles (8.0 km)
Sources: Tornado History Project Storm Data—May 31, 1985 The "Barrie" Tornado Outbreak of 1985, Grazulis (1985)

References[edit]