List of torpedo bombers

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Sopwith Cuckoo dropping torpedo during trials

This is a list of torpedo bomber aircraft, designed or adapted to carry a primary weapon load of one or more aerial torpedoes in an anti-shipping role. It does not include types equipped for the more general anti-submarine warfare (ASW) role.

Torpedo bombers[edit]

Aircraft Origin First
flight
No.
built
Notes
AD Seaplane Type 1000 UK 1916 2
Aeromarine 700 US 1917 2
Aichi AB-8 Japan 1933 1 [1]
Aichi B7A Grace Japan 1942 114 [2]
Albatros W.3 Germany 1916 1 [3]
Albatros W.5 Germany 1916 5 [3]
Arado Ar 95 Germany 1936 42 [4]
Arado Ar 195 Germany 1937 3 [4]
Avro 557 Ava UK 1924 2
Avro 571 Buffalo UK 1926 1
Beardmore W.B.VI UK
Blackburn B-3 UK 1932 2
Blackburn B-7 UK 1934 1
Blackburn Baffin UK 1932 97
Blackburn Beagle UK 1928 1
Blackburn Blackburd UK 1918 3
Blackburn Botha UK 1938 580
Blackburn Cubaroo UK 1924 2
Blackburn Dart UK 1921 118
Blackburn Firebrand UK 1942 193
Blackburn Firecrest UK 1947 3
Blackburn Kangaroo UK 1918 20
Blackburn Ripon UK 1926 92
Blackburn Shark UK 1933 269
Blackburn Swift UK 1921 13
Blackburn Velos UK 1925 22
Bloch MB.175T France 1939 80 [5]
Bloch MB.480 France 1939 2 [6]
Blohm & Voss Ha 140 Germany 1937 3 [4]
Boeing TB US 1927 3
Boeing XF8B US 1944 3 Secondary torpedo bomber role
Borel-Odier Bo-T France 1916 91 91 ordered, not all built[7]
Brewster SB2A Buccaneer US 1941 771
Bristol Beaufort UK 1938 2129 [8]
Bristol Beaufighter UK 1939 5928 Some variants only[8]
Bristol Brigand UK 1944 147
CAC Woomera Australia 1941 2
CANT Z.506B Italy 1935 324 [9]
CANT Z.1007 Italy 1937 660 [10]
Caproni Ca.3 Italy 1916 250-300
Caproni Ca.124 Italy 1937 1 [11]
Caproni Ca 314-RA Italy 1940 14 [12]
Caproni Ca.316 Italy 1940 14 [13]
Consolidated PBY Catalina US 1935 3305
Consolidated PB2Y Coronado US 1937 217
Consolidated PB4Y-2 Privateer US 1943 739
Consolidated TBY Sea Wolf US 1941 180
Curtiss CS/Martin T2M US 1923 83
Curtiss CT US 1921 1
Curtiss R-3, R-6 & R-9 US 1915 312 [14]
Curtiss XBTC US 1945 2
Curtiss XBT2C US 1945 9
De Havilland Mosquito UK 1940 7,781 Some variants only
Dewoitine D.750 France 1940 1 [15]
Dornier Do D Germany 1924 29 [14]
Dornier Do 22 Germany 1938 28 [4]
Dornier Do 217 Germany 1938 Experiments only[16]
Douglas A-20 Havoc/Boston US 1939 7478 [17]
Douglas A-1 Skyraider US 1945 3180
Douglas BTD Destroyer US 1943 30
Douglas DT US 1921 90
Douglas T2D US 1927 31
Douglas XT3D US 1931 1
Douglas TBD Devastator US 1935 130 [17]
Douglas TB2D Skypirate US 1945 2
Fairey Albacore UK 1938 800 [8]
Fairey Barracuda UK 1940 2607
Fairey G.4/31 UK 1934 1
Fairey Seal UK 1930 95
Fairey Spearfish UK 1945 5
Fairey Swordfish UK 1934 2391 [8]
Farman F.60 Torp France 1921 210 [18]
Farman F.165 France 1927 40 [19]
Farman F.167 France 1928 1 [20]
Farman F.168 France 1928 200 [21]
Farman F.268 France 1932 1 converted F.168[22]
Farman F.270 & 271 France 1933 1 [23][24]
Farman F.368 France 1932 1 converted F.168[25]
Fiat G.55S torpedo fighter Italy 1944 1 [26]
Fiat RS.14B Italy 1939 188 [27]
Fieseler Fi 167 Germany 1938 14 [4]
FMA IA-58 Pucará Argentina 1969 1 Prototype tested during Falklands War[28]
Focke-Wulf Fw 190 F8/U2 and F8/U3 Germany [16]
Focke-Wulf Fw 200 Germany [16]
Fokker T.II/FT Netherlands 1921 1 [29]
Fokker T.III Netherlands 1922 5 [29]
Fokker T.IV & IVa Netherlands 1927 42 [30]
Fokker T.VIII-W, -WM, -WC & -L Netherlands 1938 49 [31]
Friedrichshafen FF.35 Germany 1916 1 [3]
Friedrichshafen FF.41A Germany 1917 9 [3]
Friedrichshafen FF.53 Germany 1918 3 [3]
Gloster Goring UK 1927 1
Gloster TSR.38 UK 1932 1
Gotha WD.11 Germany 1916 12 [3]
Gotha WD.14 Germany 1916 69 [3]
Great Lakes XTBG US 1935 1
Grumman AF Guardian US 1945 389
Grumman TBF Avenger US 1941 9839 [17]
Grumman XTB2F US not built 0
Grumman XTSF US not built 0
Hall XPTBH US 1937 1
Handley Page H.P.31 Harrow UK 1926 2
Handley Page H.P.46 UK 1932 1
Handley Page H.P.47 UK 1934 1
Handley Page Hampden UK 1936 1430 Later role[8]
Handley Page Hanley UK 1922 3
Handley Page Hare UK 1928 1
Handley Page Hendon UK 1924 6
Hansa-Brandenburg GW Germany 1916 c. 20 [3]
Hansa-Brandenburg GDW Germany [3]
Hawker Harrier UK 1927 1
Hawker Horsley/Dantorp UK 1925 124
Heinkel HE 7 Germany [14]
Heinkel HD 14 Germany [14]
Heinkel HD 16 Germany [32]
Heinkel He 59 Germany 1931 142 [32]
Heinkel He 111 J and H-5/6 Germany 1935 6508 Number includes all types[33]
Heinkel He 115 Germany 1937 138 [4]
Heinkel He 177 A-3/R7 Germany 1939 1169 [16]
Ilyushin DB-3T/Il-4T USSR 1938 [17]
Ilyushin Il-2T USSR
Ilyushin Il-28 USSR 1948 6731
Junkers G 24/See/G 24g1e Germany [14]
Junkers JuG-1 Germany 1924 [14]
Junkers Ju 86K Germany Swedish examples only[citation needed]
Junkers Ju 87 C and D-4 Germany Experimental only[16]
Junkers Ju 88 A-4/Torp and A/17 Germany [33]
Junkers Ju 188 Germany [33]
Kaiser-Fleetwings XBTK US 1945 5
Kawanishi H6K Mavis Japan 1936 215 [34]
Kawanishi H8K Emily Japan 1941 167 [35]
Latécoère 290 series France 1931 35 [36]
Latécoère 298[8] France 1936 121 [37]
Latécoère 299 France 1939 2 [38]
Latécoère 302 France 1931 3 [39]
Latécoère 440 France 1931 2 [40]
Latécoère 550 France 1933 1 [41]
Latécoère 582 France 1935 1
Levasseur PL.2 France 1922 11 [42]
Levasseur PL.7 France 1928 46 [43][44][45]
Levasseur PL.14 France 1929 30 [46]
Levasseur PL.15 France 1932 17 [47]
Levasseur PL.107 & 108 France 1937 3 [48][49]
Lioré et Olivier LeO H-257, 257bis & 258 France 1928 87
Loire-Nieuport 10 France 1939 1
Lockheed Hudson US 1938 2941
Lockheed Ventura US 1940 2475
Lockheed Harpoon US 1943 535
Lublin R-XX Poland 1935 1 [50]
LWS 5 Poland not built 0 [51]
Martin AM Mauler US 1944 151
Martin B-26 Marauder US 1940 5288
Martin BM US 1930 32
Martin MBT/MT US 1918 20 [14]
Martin P4M Mercator US 1946 21
Martin P5M Marlin US 1948 285
Martin PBM Mariner US 1939 1285
Martin T2M US 1923 75
Martin T3M US 1926 124
Martin T4M US 1927 155
Martin XT6M US 1930 1
Messerschmitt Me 410 B-5 Germany experiment only[16]
Mitsubishi 1MT Japan 1922 20 [52]
Mitsubishi 3MT5 Japan 1932 11 [53]
Mitsubishi 3MT10 Japan 1932 1 [54]
Mitsubishi B1M Japan 1923 443 [55]
Mitsubishi B2M Japan 1929 206 [56]
Mitsubishi B4M Japan 1934 1 [57]
Mitsubishi B5M Mabel Japan 1937 125 [58]
Mitsubishi G3M Nell Japan 1935 1048 [59]
Mitsubishi G4M Betty Japan 1939 2435 [60]
Mitsubishi Ki-67 Peggy Japan 1942 767 [61]
Mitsubishi Q2M Japan not built 0
Nakajima B3N Japan 1933 2 [62]
Nakajima B4N Japan 1936 2 [63]
Nakajima B5N Kate Japan 1937 c. 1150 [64]
Nakajima B6N Jill Japan 1941 1268 [65]
North American B-25 Mitchell US 1940 9984
Northrop N-3PB US 1940 24
Piaggio P.108 Italy 1939 24 Secondary role[66]
PZL 18 Poland not built 0 [67]
Reggiane Re.2001G/H torpedo fighter Italy 1940 2 [68]
Reggiane Re.2002 torpedo fighter Italy 1940 1 For trials
RWD 22 Poland not built 0 [69]
SAAB T 18B Sweden 1942 52 Torpedo bomber used for ground attack
Savoia-Marchetti S.55 Italy 1924 212 [70]
Savoia-Marchetti SM.79 Sparviero Italy 1934 1350 [8][71]
Savoia-Marchetti SM.81 Italy 1934 For trials[72]
Savoia-Marchetti SM.84 Italy 1940 309 [73]
Savoia-Marchetti SM.93 Italy 1944 1 [74]
Short Shirl UK 1918 4
Short Sturgeon S.1 & S.B.3 UK 1946 4
Short Type 81 UK 1913 9
Short Type 166 UK 1916 26
Short Type 184 UK 1915 936 First torpedo bomber to sink a ship[3]
Short Type 310/320 UK 1916 127 [3]
SNCAC NC.4-10 France 1939 1
SNCAO CAO.600 France 1940 1
Sopwith Cuckoo UK 1917 232 First purpose-built carrier-based torpedo bomber[3]
Sopwith Special torpedo seaplane Type C UK 1914 1
Sopwith Type 860 UK 1914 22
Stout ST US 1922 3
Supermarine Nanok UK 1927 1
Supermarine Type 322 UK 1943 2
Tupolev Tu-2T (ANT-62T) USSR
Tupolev MR-6 & KR-6T USSR [8]
Tupolev SB T-1/ANT-41 USSR 1936 1
Tupolev TB-1[8] USSR 1925 218
Tupolev Tu-14 USSR 1949 c. 150
Vickers Type 207 UK 1933 1
Vickers Type 253 UK 1934 1
Vickers Vildebeest UK 1928 209 [8]
Vickers Wellesley UK 1935 177 Role dropped following drop tests
Vickers Wellington UK 1936 11461 [8]
Vought TBU Sea Wolf US 1941 1
Westland PV-3 UK 1931 1 Role dropped
Westland PV.7 UK 1933 1
Westland Wyvern UK 1946 127
Westland Witch UK 1928 1
Wight Twin UK 1915 4
Yokosuka experimental twin-engined seaplane Japan 1916 1 [75]
Yokosuka B3Y Japan 1933 129 [76][77]
Yokosuka B4Y Jean Japan 1935 205 [78]
Yokosuka P1Y Frances Japan 1943 1102 [79]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Mikesh, 1990, p.75
  2. ^ Francillon 1979, pp.288-291
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Thiele, 2004, p.8
  4. ^ a b c d e f Thiele, 2004, p.14
  5. ^ http://www.aviafrance.com/bloch-mb-175-aviation-france-4493.htm
  6. ^ http://www.aviafrance.com/bloch-mb-480-aviation-france-9297.htm
  7. ^ http://www.aviafrance.com/borel-odier-bo-t-aviation-france-765.htm
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Thiele, 2004, p.17
  9. ^ Thompson, 1963, pp.55-60
  10. ^ Thompson, 1963, pp.64-69
  11. ^ Thompson, 1963, pp.86-87
  12. ^ Thompson, 1963, p.113
  13. ^ Thompson, 1963, pp.113-114
  14. ^ a b c d e f g Thiele, 2004, p.9
  15. ^ http://www.aviafrance.com/dewoitine-d-750-aviation-france-9185.htm
  16. ^ a b c d e f Thiele, 2004, p.77
  17. ^ a b c d Thiele, 2004, p.18
  18. ^ http://www.aviafrance.com/farman-f-60-bn2-goliath--aviation-france-10004.htm
  19. ^ http://www.aviafrance.com/farman-f-165-aviation-france-6620.htm
  20. ^ http://www.aviafrance.com/farman-f-167-aviation-france-6621.htm
  21. ^ http://www.aviafrance.com/farman-f-168-aviation-france-1253.htm
  22. ^ http://www.aviafrance.com/farman-f-268-aviation-france-6616.htm
  23. ^ http://www.aviafrance.com/farman-f-270-aviation-france-6492.htm
  24. ^ http://www.aviafrance.com/farman-f-271-aviation-france-1846.htm
  25. ^ Farman F-368 Hydravion de torpillage accessdate:April 2014
  26. ^ Thompson, 1963, p.173
  27. ^ Thompson, 1963, pp.125-128
  28. ^ Halbritter, Francisco (2004). Historia de la industria aeronáutica argentina. Volume 1. Asociación Amigos de la Biblioteca Nacional de Aeronáutica, 2004. ISBN 987-20774-4-4.(Spanish)
  29. ^ a b Hegener, 1961, p.205
  30. ^ Hegener, 1961, pp.205-206
  31. ^ Hegener, 1961, p.206
  32. ^ a b Thiele, 2004, p.11
  33. ^ a b c Thiele, 2004, p.84
  34. ^ Francillon 1979, pp.301-307
  35. ^ Francillon 1979, pp.307-313
  36. ^ http://www.aviafrance.com/latecoere-290-aviation-france-934.htm
  37. ^ http://www.aviafrance.com/latecoere-298a-aviation-france-5548.htm
  38. ^ http://www.aviafrance.com/latecoere-299-aviation-france-873.htm
  39. ^ http://www.aviafrance.com/latecoere-302-aviation-france-979.htm
  40. ^ http://www.aviafrance.com/latecoere-440-aviation-france-874.htm
  41. ^ http://www.aviafrance.com/latecoere-55-0-aviation-france-931.htm
  42. ^ http://www.aviafrance.com/levasseur-pl-2-aviation-france-1549.htm
  43. ^ http://www.aviafrance.com/levasseur-pl-7-aviation-france-9434.htm
  44. ^ http://www.aviafrance.com/levasseur-pl-7-18m-aviation-france-9435.htm
  45. ^ http://www.aviafrance.com/levasseur-pl-7-16m50-aviation-france-7550.htm
  46. ^ http://www.aviafrance.com/levasseur-pl-14-aviation-france-9442.htm
  47. ^ http://www.aviafrance.com/levasseur-pl-15-aviation-france-9443.htm
  48. ^ http://www.aviafrance.com/levasseur-pl-107-aviation-france-9446.htm
  49. ^ http://www.aviafrance.com/levasseur-pl-108-aviation-france-9447.htm
  50. ^ Cynk, 1971, pp.324-329
  51. ^ Cynk, 1971, pp.343, 345
  52. ^ Mikesh, 1990, p.163
  53. ^ Mikesh, 1990, pp.168-169
  54. ^ Mikesh, 1990, p.170
  55. ^ Mikesh, 1990, pp.164-165
  56. ^ Mikesh, 1990, pp.167-168
  57. ^ Mikesh, 1990, pp.172-173
  58. ^ Francillon 1979, p.491
  59. ^ Francillon 1979, pp.350-357
  60. ^ Francillon 1979, pp.378-387
  61. ^ Francillon 1979, pp.186-191
  62. ^ Mikesh, 1990, pp.230-231
  63. ^ Mikesh, 1990, p.236
  64. ^ Francillon 1979, pp.411-416
  65. ^ Francillon 1979, pp.429-434
  66. ^ Thompson, 1963, pp.227-232
  67. ^ Cynk, 1971, pp.176-178
  68. ^ Thompson, 1963, p.240
  69. ^ Cynk, 1971, pp.569-572
  70. ^ Thompson, 1963, pp.251-255
  71. ^ Thompson, 1963, pp.262-269
  72. ^ Thompson, 1963, pp.270-273
  73. ^ Thompson, 1963, pp.278-281
  74. ^ Thompson, 1963, p.288
  75. ^ Mikesh, 1990, pp.266-267
  76. ^ Francillon 1979, p.412
  77. ^ Mikesh, 1990, pp.280-281
  78. ^ Francillon 1979, pp.449-451
  79. ^ Francillon 1979, pp.462-468

References[edit]

  • Cynk, Jerzy B. (1971). Polish Aircraft 1893-1939 (1st ed.). London: Putnam & Company Ltd. ISBN 0-370-00103-6. 
  • Francillon, René J. (1979). Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War (2nd ed.). London: Putnam & Co. ISBN 0-370-30251-6. 
  • Hegener, Henri (1961). Fokker - the man and the aircraft. Herts, UK: Harleyford Publications. pp. 205–206. LCCN 61-10595. 
  • Mikesh, Robert C.; Shorzoe, Abe (1990). Japanese Aircraft, 1910–1941. London: Putnam & Co. ISBN 0-85177-840-2. 
  • Thetford, Owen (1978). Aircraft of the Royal Air Force since 1918 (7th ed.). London: Putnam & Co. ISBN 0-370-30186-2. 
  • Thiele, Harold (2004). Luftwaffe Aerial Torpedo Aircraft and Operations in World War II. East Sussex, England: Hikoki Publications. ISBN 1-902109-42-2. 
  • Thompson, Jonathan (1963). Italian Civil & Military Aircraft 1930-1945 (1st ed.). New York: Aero Publishers Inc. p. 232. ISBN 0-8168-6500-0.