List of town tramway systems in Africa

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This is a list of African cities and towns that have, or once had, town tramway (urban tramway, or streetcar) systems as part of their public transport system. Other geographic regions:

Sources, references and external links:

Algeria[edit]

Location Name of System Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
el-Jazair ولاية الجزائر /Algiers   Steam 12 Sep 1894 1935  
Electric 14 Apr 1898 3 Sep 1959 See Trams in Algiers for first generation tramway.
Algiers tramway Electric 8 May 2011   rebuilt 30 km (line 1), (partial) opened on 8 May 2011[1]
Annaba عنّابة   Steam ? ?  
Qacentina قسنطينة /Constantine Constantine tramway Electric 4 July 2013
Biskra بسكرة   Horse ? ?  
Sidi Bel Abbès سيدي بلعباس   Electric 26 July 2017 ?  
Mostaganem : مستغانم   Electric 2019 (expected) ?  
Blida البليدة   Steam ? ?  
Miliana مليانة   Steam ? ?  
Wahrān وهران /Oran   Steam ? ?  
Electric 1898 1950 See Oran old tram for first generation tramway.
Oran tramway Electric 1 May 2013
Ouargla ورقلة   Electric 20 March 2018 ?  
Sétif سطيف   Electric 8 May 2018 ?
Touggourt تقرت   Horse ? ?  

Democratic Republic of the Congo[edit]

Location Name of System Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Boma   Steam 4 Mar 1890 ca. 1900  

Egypt[edit]

Location Name of System Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
el-Iskandariya الإسكندرية /Alexandria - Urban system Alexandria Tram Horse 1860 1902? Standard gauge
Electric 1902    
Ramleh (suburban) system ? (Alexandria Tram or Trams in Greater Cairo) Horse 1869 ? Standard gauge
Steam ? ?  
Electric Dec 1903  
el-Qāhirah القاهرة /Cairo Trams in Greater Cairo Electric 12 Aug 1896 December 2015? In autumn 2015 the operation very short path length of about 3 km, which was supposed to close at the end of that year . Now it seems that the city could wait for re-entry tram.
Metre gauge
 See Transport in Cairo
Miṣr el-ǧidīdah مصر الجديدة /Heliopolis Trams in Greater Cairo Electric 9 May 1908 Cairo system extended to serve Heliopolis in 1908. Express tramway between Cairo main station and Heliopolis opened 11 Jul 1910.
Hulwan /Helwan   Electric 19 Feb 1981 ca. 2011 Metre gauge; Ceased operation in the aftermath of the 2011 Egyptian Revolution. By the end of 2015, trams were finally remove from the depot, located in Arab al-Fawarsa.
Būr Saʻīd بور سعيد /Port Said   Horse 22 Sep 1900 1932 Metre gauge


Eritrea[edit]

Location Name of System Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Massawa   Steam ? ?  

Ethiopia[edit]

Location Name of System Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Addis Ababa Addis Ababa Light Rail Electric 20 September 2015  

Ghana[edit]

Location Name of System Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Accra   Steam 1906 1941  

Kenya[edit]

Location Name of System Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Mombasa   human 1890s 1921 In Mombasa's Fort Jesus you can find a historic car

Libya[edit]

Location Name of System Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Banġāzī بنغازي /Benghazi   Horse ? ?  

Madagascar[edit]

Location Name of System Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Antananarivo   (Steam)     Construction started after 1921, not completed.
Toamasina   Horse ? ?  

Morocco[edit]

Location Name of System Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Casablanca Casablanca tramway Electric 12 December 2012  
Rabat   Steam 1917 [2] 1930  
Rabat-Salé tramway Electric 23 May 2011[3]  

Mozambique[edit]

Location Name of System Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Maputo   Electric Feb 1904 30 Nov 1936  

Nigeria[edit]

Location Name of System Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Abuja Abuja Light Rail Electric under construction (previous 2017)    
Lagos   Steam 23 May 1902 31 Dec 1913  
Lagos Rail Mass Transit Electric under construction (previous 2017)    

Sierra Leone[edit]

Location Name of System Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Freetown   Steam ? ?  

South Africa[edit]

Location Name of System Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Cape Town - Urban Trams in Cape Town. Horse 1 May 1863 ?
Electric 6 Aug 1896 28 Jan 1939
  ♦ Suburban tramway Electric Nov 1901 17 Feb 1930 Sea Point - Camps Bay - Burnside Road
See also Trams in Cape Town.
Durban Trams in Durban Horse 1881 ?
Electric 1 May 1902 1 Aug 1949
Isipingo   Horse 1905 191_ Closed during World War I.
East London   Electric 25 Jan 1900 25 Oct 1935  
Johannesburg Trams in Johannesburg Horse 2 Feb 1891 ?
Electric 14 Feb 1906 18 Mar 1961
Kimberley Trams in Kimberley, Northern Cape Mule 1887 ?
Steam 1900 ?
Electric 1906 1947
Electric Heritage tram 1985  
Pietermaritzburg Trams in Pietermaritzburg Electric 2 Nov 1904 Dec 1936
Port Elizabeth Trams in Port Elizabeth Horse 1881 ?
Electric 16 Jun 1897 16 Dec 1948
Pretoria   Horse 1897 ?  
Electric 1910 19 Aug 1939  


Spain (Islas Canarias / Canary Islands)[edit]

See List of town tramway systems in Spain.

Sudan[edit]

Location Name of System Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
al-Ḫarṭūm الخرطوم /Khartoum   Steam 1904 ?  
Electric 16 Jan 1928 Feb 1962  

Tanzania[edit]

Location Name of System Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Zanzibar   Animal 1907 ? Domesticated zebras used at opening.
See also History of rail transport in Zanzibar.
Steam 1911 1928

Tunisia[edit]

Location Name of System Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Manzil Bourgueeba منزل بورقيبة /Menzel Bourguiba   Steam ? ?  
Tūnis تونس /Tunis   Horse 1885 ?  
  Electric 1900 20 Apr 1960 See Trams in Tunis for first generation tramway.
Métro léger de Tunis Electric 15 Sep 1985

Zimbabwe[edit]

Location Name of System Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Mutare   Horse 22 Aug 1901 by 1920  

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5gRmjq5v2XKQ0Rjavh6VTDbcQ_Eiw?docId=CNG.526e791b2e6e203d08bcbb0308c6c8bc.431
  2. ^ "Les chemins de fer au Maroc au temps du protectorat". Les chemins de fer au Maroc au temps du protectorat. Les chemins de fer au Maroc au temps du protectorat. 1 October 2012. Archived from the original on 6 August 2013. Retrieved 1 October 2012. External link in |work= (help)
  3. ^ "Rabat Trams: Routes and times". Railways Africa website. Railways Africa Magazine. 14 June 2011. Retrieved 23 June 2011. External link in |work= (help)