List of town tramway systems in Asia

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This is a list of Asian cities and towns that have, or once had, town tramway (urban tramway, or streetcar) systems as part of their public transport system. A separate list has been created for Japan to increase user-friendliness and reduce article size. Other geographic regions:

Sources, references and external links:

Armenia[edit]

Location Name of system Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Yerevan Երեւան   Horse 29 Sep 1906 Aug 1918 (?)  
Electric 12 Jan 1933 21 Jan 2004  

Azerbaijan[edit]

Location Name of system Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Bakı /Baku Trams in Baku Horse 19 Apr 1889 by 1 Oct 1923
Steam 6 Oct 1889 ca. 1894
Electric 8 Feb 1924 Jan 2004
Gəncə /Ganja Trams in Ganja, Azerbaijan Electric 1 May 1933 16 Oct 1976
Sumqayıt /Sumqayit Trams in Sumqayit Electric 11 Mar 1959 Jul 2003

China[edit]

Location Name of system Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Ānrén 安仁 /Anren Town (Dayi County)   Electric 2011 Heritage streetcar.
Ānshān 鞍山 /Anshan   Electric 15 Jan 1956 26 Feb 2004 [1]. Reconstruction as light rail transit (LRT) planned.
Běijīng 北京 /Beijing   Electric 24 Jun 1899

17 Dec 1924

1900

6 May 1966

[2]. First system closed during the Boxer Rebellion.
Xijiao Line Electric 30 Dec 2017
Chángchūn 长春 /Changchun Changchun Tram Electric 1937 (?) (or 1941 or 1942) [3].
Changchun Light Rail Transit Electric 2002  
Dàlián 大连 /Dalian   Electric 25 Sep 1909 [4].
Guǎngzhōu 广州 /Guangzhou   (Electric)     Construction started ca. 1934, not completed.
Haizhu Tram Electric 2014
Harbin (Hā'ěrbīn) 哈尔滨   Electric 10 Oct 1927 17 Jun 1987 [5].
Huái'ān 淮安 /Huai'an Huai'an Tram Electric 28 Dec 2015
Nánjīng 南京 /Nanjing   Steam ? ?  
Electric ? ?  
Hexi tram, Qilin tram Electric 13 Aug 2014
Qīngdǎo 青岛 /Quingdao Qingdao Tram Electric 5 Mar 2016
Shànghǎi 上海 /Shanghai Trams in Shanghai Electric 15 Mar 1908 1 Dec 1975 [6]. A Chinese source states that one tramway line was closed in 1963, however, Line 3, the last closed in 1975.
Zhangjiang Tram Electric 1 Jan 2010 Translohr
Shěnyáng 沈阳 /Shenyang Trams in Shenyang Electric Oct 1925 1973 [7].
Shenyang Modern Tram Electric 15 Aug 2013  
Shēnzhèn 深圳 /Shenzhen SZTram Electric 28 Oct 2017
Sūzhōu 苏州 /Suzhou Suzhou SND Tram Electric 26 Oct 2014  
Tiānjīn 天津 /Tianjin Trams in Tianjin Electric 16 Feb 1906 ca. 1972 [8]
TEDA Modern Guided Rail Tram Electric 10 May 2007 Translohr
Zhūhǎi 珠海 /Zhuhai Zhuhai Tram Electric 13 Jun 2017

Georgia[edit]

Location Name of system Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Gagra გაგრა   Horse ? ?  
Poti ფოთი   Horse 1904 1932  
Tbilisi თბილისი Tblisi Horse 3 Apr 1883 1910  
Electric 25 Dec 1904 4 Dec 2006 [1]

Hong Kong[edit]

Location Name of system Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Victoria, Hong Kong Hong Kong Tramways Limited Electric 30 Jul 1904   [9]
Light Rail Zones 1, 2, 3 Tuen Mun Electric 18 Sep 1988  
Yuen Long Light Rail Zone 5 Electric 18 Sep 1988 - 2 Feb 1992
Tin Shui Wai Light Rail Zones 4, 5A

(Tin Shui Wai Extension)

Electric 10 Jan 1993

India[edit]

Location Name of system Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Chennai சென்னை   Electric 7 May 1895 12 Apr 1953 [10] (formerly Madras)
Delhi दिल्ली   Electric 6 Mar 1908 ca. 1963 [11], reintroduction planned.
Kanpur कानपुर   Electric Jun 1907 16 May 1933 [12] (formerly Cawnpore)
Kolkata কলকাতা Calcutta Tramways Company Limited Horse Jan 1881 ?  (formerly Calcutta)
Electric 27 Mar 1902   [13].
Mumbai मुंबई   Horse 9 May 1874 15 May 1908  
Electric 7 May 1907 31 Mar 1964 [14] (formerly Bombay)

Indonesia[edit]

Location Name of system Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Jakarta   Horse 1869 ?  
Steam 1881 ?  
Electric 10 Apr 1899 1962 [15].
Surabaya   Steam 189_ ?  
Electric 27 Apr 1923 Jan 1968 [16].

Iran[edit]

Location Name of system Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Tehran   Horse 18__ 19__
Location Name of system Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Urmia   Tram 2018

Iraq[edit]

Location Name of system Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Baghdād بغداد   Horse 1871 194_ [17].
Najaf / Kufa   Horse 1871 194_ [18].
Basrah   Steam/narrow gauge 1900 194_ [19].

Israel[edit]

Location Name of system Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Jerusalem Jerusalem Light Rail Electric 2011

Japan[edit]

Kazakhstan[edit]

Location Name of system Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Almaty Trams in Almaty Electric 1 Dec 1937 31 Oct 2015 Service indefinitely suspended in Oct 2015
Oskemen   Electric 6 Nov 1959  
Pavlodar   Electric 18 Oct 1965  
Karagandy   Electric 25 Aug 1950 1997  
Temirtau   Electric 5 Sep 1959  

Lebanon[edit]

Location Name of system Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Bayrūt بيروت /Beirut   Electric 19 Apr 1908 Sep 1965 [20].
Ṭarābulus طرابلس /Tripoli   Horse ? ? [21].

Malaysia[edit]

Location Name of system Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
George Town   Steam 1880 ?  
Horse 1898 ?  
Electric 1 Jan 1906 1936 [22].

Myanmar[edit]

Location Name of system Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Mandalay မန္တလေးမ္ရို့   Electric 17 Jun 1904 by 1945 [23].
Yangon ရန္‌ကုန္‌မ္ရို့   Steam 1884 ?  
  Electric 15 Dec 1906 by 1945 [24].
Yangon Tram Electric 2016

North Korea[edit]

Location Name of system Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Ch'ŏngjin 청진 (淸津)   Electric 20 Aug (or 21 Aug) 1999  
P'yŏngyang 평양 (平壤) Pyongyang Tram Human 1905 1916  
Electric 20 May 1923 Aug 1950 [25]. First system closed because of war damage.
Electric 15 Apr 1991  

Pakistan[edit]

Location Name of system Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Karachi كراچى   Steam 20 Apr 1885 ?  
Horse 1886 ?  
Petrol (gasoline) 1909 ? [26].
Diesel ? 30 Apr 1975  

Philippines[edit]

Location Name of system Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Manila   Horse 188_ ?  
  Steam ? ?  
  Electric 10 Apr 1905 1944 [27].
Metro Manila Line 1 Electric 1984 Light rail/Rapid transit
Metro Manila Line 3 Electric 1999 Light rail/Rapid transit

Russia[edit]

Singapore[edit]

Location Name of system Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Singapore   Steam 1885 1894  
Electric 25 Jul 1905 9 Apr 1927 [28]. Experimental electric operations in Sep 1891 and Sep 1892.
Re-introduction planned: Tampines, Woodlands or Jurong areas

South Korea[edit]

Location Name of system Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Busan 부산 (釜山)   Steam ? ?  
Electric 31 Oct 1915 20 May 1968 [29].
Seoul 서울   Electric 1 May 1899 29 Nov 1968 [30].

Sri Lanka[edit]

Location Name of system Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Colombo Colombo sinhala.jpg   Electric Sep 1898 1960 [31].

Syria[edit]

Location Name of system Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Halab حلب /Aleppo   Electric 1929 1967 [32].
Dimashq دمشق /Damascus   Electric 7 Feb 1907 1967 [33].

Taiwan[edit]

Location Name of system Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Kaohsiung Circular Line (KMRT) Electric 2016

Thailand[edit]

Location Name of system Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Krung Thep Maha Nakhon กรุงเทพมหานคร /Bangkok   Horse 22 Sep 1887 ?  
Electric 1 Jan 1893 1 Oct 1968 [34].
Lopburi ลพบุรี   Electric 31 Jan 1955 1962 [35].

Turkey[edit]

Location Name of system Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Antalya   Electric 27 Mar 1999  
Bursa Burtram heritage tramway (T3) Electric 28 May 2011 [36].
Burtram modern tramline (T1) Electric 13 Oct 2013 [37].
Eskişehir EsTram Electric 24 Dec 2004  
Gaziantep   Electric 2009  
İstanbul - Europe Trams in Istanbul Horse 30 Aug 1869 1912  
Trams in Istanbul Electric 1914 12 Aug 1961
Istanbul nostalgic tramways Electric 29 Dec 1990 [38]
[39].
Istanbul modern tramways 13 Jun 1992 [40]
İstanbul - Asia Trams in Istanbul Electric 8 Jun 1928 14 Nov 1966
Heritage tramway Electric 1 Nov 2003 [41]
İzmir   Horse ? ?  
Electric 18 Oct 1928 1954
Electric 2017 [42].
Kocaeli Electric 2016 or 2017
Kayseri Kayseray Electric 2 Jan 2009  
Konya   Electric 28 Sep 1992  
Samsun   Electric 10 Oct 2010

United Arab Emirates[edit]

Location Name of system Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Dubai Dubai Tram Electric 2014

Uzbekistan[edit]

Location Name of system Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Samarqand   Electric 1 May 1947 30 Aug 1973  
Electric 15 April 2017  
Toshkent Trams in Tashkent Horse 13 Apr 1901 1913  
Electric 10 Jan 1913 2 May 2016 Operation suspended 1918 - 1921 because of war (see Russian Civil War).

Vietnam[edit]

Location Name of system Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Hanoi   Electric 10 Nov 1901[2] 1990[2] reintroduction planned
Ho Chi Minh City   Steam 27 Dec 1881[2] ?  
Electric 4 Aug 1923[2] ca. 1953[2] Connected Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon) with Hóc Môn and Thủ Dầu Một[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]