List of town tramway systems in Asia

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This is a list of Asian cities and towns that have, or once had, town tramway (urban tramway, or streetcar) systems as part of their public transport system. A separate list has been created for Japan to increase user-friendliness and reduce article size. Other geographic regions:

Sources, references and external links:

Armenia[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Yerevan Երեւան Horse 29 Sep 1906 Aug 1918 (?)  
Electric 12 Jan 1933 21 Jan 2004  

Azerbaijan[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Trams in Baku Bakı /Baku Horse 19 Apr 1889 by 1 Oct 1923
Steam 6 Oct 1889 ca. 1894
Electric 8 Feb 1924 Jan 2004
Trams in Ganja, Azerbaijan Gəncə /Ganja Electric 1 May 1933 16 Oct 1976
Trams in Sumqayit Sumqayıt /Sumqayit Electric 11 Mar 1959 Jul 2003

China[edit]

Location Name of system Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Ānshān 鞍山 /Anshan   Electric 15 Jan 1956 26 Feb 2004 [1]. Reconstruction as light rail transit (LRT) planned.
Běijīng 北京 /Beijing   Electric 24 Jun 1899

17 Dec 1924

1900

6 May 1966

[2]. First system closed during the Boxer Rebellion.
Chángchūn 长春 /Changchun Changchun Tram Electric 1937 (?) (or 1941 or 1942) [3].
Changchun Light Rail Transit Electric 2002  
Dàlián 大连 /Dalian   Electric 25 Sep 1909 [4].
Guǎngzhōu 广州 /Guangzhou   (Electric)     Construction started ca. 1934, not completed.
Haizhu Tram Electric 2014
Harbin (Hā'ěrbīn) 哈尔滨   Electric 10 Oct 1927 17 Jun 1987 [5].
Nánjīng 南京 /Nanjing   Steam  ?  ?  
Electric  ?  ?  
Shànghǎi 上海 /Shanghai   Electric 15 Mar 1908 1 Dec 1975 [6]. A Chinese source states that one tramway line was closed in 1963, however, Line 3, the last closed in 1975.
Zhangjiang Tram Electric 2010
Shěnyáng 沈阳 /Shenyang Trams in Shenyang Electric Oct 1925 1973 [7].
Electric 15 Aug 2013  
Suzhou Suzhou Tram Electric 2014  
Tiānjīn 天津 /Tianjin   Electric 16 Feb 1906 ca. 1972 [8]
TEDA Modern Guided Rail Tram Electric 2007

Georgia[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Gagra გაგრა Horse  ?  ?  
  Poti ფოთი Horse 1904 1932  
Tblisi Tbilisi თბილისი Horse 3 Apr 1883 1910  
Electric 25 Dec 1904 4 Dec 2006 [1]

Hong Kong[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Hong Kong Tramways Limited Victoria, Hong Kong Electric 30 Jul 1904   [9]
Light Rail Zones 1, 2, 3 Tuen Mun Electric 18 Sep 1988  
Light Rail Zone 5 Yuen Long Electric 18 Sep 1988 - 2 Feb 1992
Light Rail Zones 4, 5A

(Tin Shui Wai Extension)

Tin Shui Wai Electric 10 Jan 1993

India[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Chennai சென்னை Electric 7 May 1895 12 Apr 1953 [10] (formerly Madras)
  Delhi दिल्ली Electric 6 Mar 1908 ca. 1963 [11], reintroduction planned.
  Kanpur कानपुर Electric Jun 1907 16 May 1933 [12] (formerly Cawnpore)
Calcutta Tramways Company Limited Kolkata কলকাতা Horse Jan 1881  ?   (formerly Calcutta)
Electric 27 Mar 1902   [13].
  Mumbai मुंबई Horse 9 May 1874 15 May 1908  
Electric 7 May 1907 31 Mar 1964 [14] (formerly Bombay)

Indonesia[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Jakarta Horse 1869  ?  
Steam 1881  ?  
Electric 10 Apr 1899 1962 [15].
  Surabaya Steam 189_  ?  
Electric 27 Apr 1923 Jan 1968 [16].

Iran[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Tehran Horse 18__ 19__
Name of system Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Urmia Tram 2018

Iraq[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Baghdād بغداد Horse 1871 194_ [17].
  Najaf / Kufa Horse 1871 194_ [18].
  Basrah Steam/narrow gauge 1900 194_ [19].

Israel[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Jerusalem Light Rail Jerusalem Electric 2011

Japan[edit]

Kazakhstan[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Trams in Almaty Almaty Electric 1 Dec 1937 31 Oct 2015 Service indefinitely suspended in Oct 2015
  Oskemen Electric 6 Nov 1959  
  Pavlodar Electric 18 Oct 1965  
  Karagandy Electric 25 Aug 1950 1997  
  Temirtau Electric 5 Sep 1959  

Lebanon[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Bayrūt بيروت /Beirut Electric 19 Apr 1908 Sep 1965 [20].
  Ṭarābulus طرابلس /Tripoli Horse  ?  ? [21].

Malaysia[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  George Town Steam 1880  ?  
Horse 1898  ?  
Electric 1 Jan 1906 1936 [22].

Myanmar[edit]

Location Name of system Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Mandalay မန္တလေးမ္ရို့   Electric 17 Jun 1904 by 1945 [23].
Yangon ရန္‌ကုန္‌မ္ရို့   Steam 1884  ?  
  Electric 15 Dec 1906 by 1945 [24].
Yangon Tram Electric 2016

North Korea[edit]

Location Name of system Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Ch'ŏngjin 청진 (淸津)   Electric 20 Aug (or 21 Aug) 1999  
P'yŏngyang 평양 (平壤) Pyongyang Tram Human 1905 1916  
Electric 20 May 1923 Aug 1950 [25]. First system closed because of war damage.
Electric 15 Apr 1991  

Pakistan[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Karachi كراچى Steam 20 Apr 1885  ?  
Horse 1886  ?  
Petrol (gasoline) 1909  ? [26].
Diesel  ? 30 Apr 1975  

Philippines[edit]

Location Name of system Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Manila   Horse 188_  ?  
  Steam  ?  ?  
  Electric 10 Apr 1905 1944 [27].
Metro Manila Line 1 Electric 1984 Light rail/Rapid transit
Metro Manila Line 3 Electric 1999 Light rail/Rapid transit

Russia[edit]

Singapore[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Singapore Steam 1885 1894  
Electric 25 Jul 1905 9 Apr 1927 [28]. Experimental electric operations in Sep 1891 and Sep 1892.
Re-introduction planned: Tampines, Woodlands or Jurong areas

South Korea[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Busan 부산 (釜山) Steam  ?  ?  
Electric 31 Oct 1915 20 May 1968 [29].
  Seoul 서울 Electric 1 May 1899 29 Nov 1968 [30].

Sri Lanka[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Colombo Colombo sinhala.jpg Electric Sep 1898 1960 [31].

Syria[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Halab حلب /Aleppo Electric 1929 1967 [32].
  Dimashq دمشق /Damascus Electric 7 Feb 1907 1967 [33].

Taiwan[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Circular Line (KMRT) Kaohsiung Electric 2016

Thailand[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Krung Thep Maha Nakhon กรุงเทพมหานคร /Bangkok Horse 22 Sep 1887  ?  
Electric 1 Jan 1893 1 Oct 1968 [34].
  Lopburi ลพบุรี Electric 31 Jan 1955 1962 [35].

Turkey[edit]

Location Name of system Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Antalya   Electric 27 Mar 1999  
Bursa Burtram heritage tramway (T3) Electric 28 May 2011 [36].
Burtram modern tramline (T1) Electric 13 Oct 2013 [37].
Eskişehir EsTram Electric 24 Dec 2004  
Gaziantep   Electric 2009  
İstanbul - Europe Trams in Istanbul Horse 30 Aug 1869 1912  
Trams in Istanbul Electric 1914 12 Aug 1961
Istanbul nostalgic tramways Electric 29 Dec 1990 [38]
[39].
Istanbul modern tramways 13 Jun 1992 [40]
İstanbul - Asia Trams in Istanbul Electric 8 Jun 1928 14 Nov 1966
Heritage tramway Electric 1 Nov 2003 [41]
İzmir   Horse  ?  ?  
Electric 18 Oct 1928 1954
Electric 2017 [42].
Kocaeli Electric 2016 or 2017
Kayseri Kayseray Electric 2 Jan 2009  
Konya   Electric 28 Sep 1992  
Samsun   Electric 10 Oct 2010

United Arab Emirates[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Dubai Tram Dubai Electric 2014

Uzbekistan[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Samarqand Electric 1 May 1947 30 Aug 1973  
Trams in Tashkent Toshkent Horse 13 Apr 1901 1913  
Electric 10 Jan 1913 2 May 2016 Operation suspended 1918 - 1921 because of war (see Russian Civil War).

Vietnam[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Hanoi Electric 10 Nov 1901[2] 1990[2] reintroduction planned
  Ho Chi Minh City Steam 27 Dec 1881[2]  ?  
Electric 4 Aug 1923[2] ca. 1953[2] Connected Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon) with Hóc Môn and Thủ Dầu Một[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]