List of town tramway systems in Italy

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This is a list of town tramway systems in Italy by region. It includes all tram systems in Italy, past and present; cities with currently operating systems, and those systems themselves, are indicated in bold and blue background colored rows. The use of the diamond (♦) symbol indicates where there were (or are) two or more independent tram systems operating concurrently within a single metropolitan area. Those tram systems that operated on other than standard gauge track (where known) are indicated in the 'Notes' column.

History of the openings of Italian tramways[edit]

Perugia Parma Mestre Udine Bergamo, Palermo Verona Padua Brescia Leghorn, Milan Ancona, Florence Bologna Genoa Rome Trieste Naples Turin

Abruzzo[edit]

Location Relevant Wikipedia Article Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
L'Aquila   Electric  ?  ?  
Chieti   Electric 1905 1944 Gauge: 950 mm (3 ft 1 38 in)
Pescara   Electric 1934 1960 Gauge: 950 mm (3 ft 1 38 in)
Sulmona   Electric 1908 1944 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)

Apulia (Puglia)[edit]

Location Relevant Wikipedia Article Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Bari   Electric 1909 1948 or 1952 (?) Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
Taranto   Electric 1922 1950 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)

Calabria[edit]

Location Relevant Wikipedia Article Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Catanzaro   Electric 1910 1954  
Reggio di Calabria   Horse  ?  ?  
Electric 1918 1928 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)

Campania[edit]

Location Relevant Wikipedia Article Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Naples (Napoli) Trams in Naples Horse 1875  ?  
Steam  ?  ?  
Electric 1899   Gauge: 1,445 mm (4 ft 8 78 in)
Salerno   Electric 1922 1937  

Emilia-Romagna[edit]

Location Relevant Wikipedia Article Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Bologna   Horse  ?  ?  
Steam 1880  ?  
Electric 1903 1963
Ferrara   Electric 1910 1939 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
Forlì   Steam  ?  ?  
Modena   Horse  ?  ? Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
Electric 1912 1950  
Parma   Electric 1910 1954  
Piacenza   Electric 1910 1955  
Reggio nell'Emilia   Electric(?)  ?  ? Peschkes (Part Two, 1987, page 96) states that the existence of this tramway is confirmed only by a single source.
Rimini   Horse  ?  ?  
Electric 1921 1938  

Friuli-Venezia Giulia[edit]

Location Relevant Wikipedia Article Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Gorizia   Horse  ?  ?  
Electric 1909 1935 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
Trieste
Trieste urban network Trams in Trieste Horse 1876 1914 Gauge: 1,445 mm (4 ft 8 78 in)
Electric 1900 1970 Gauge: 1,445 mm (4 ft 8 78 in)
Trieste - Opicina Trieste–Opicina tramway Electric 1902   Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
Udine   Horse  ?  ?  
Electric 1908 1952 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)

Lazio[edit]

Location Relevant Wikipedia Article Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Fiuggi   Electric 1917 1962  
Frosinone   Electric 1917 1937  
Rome
Rome (Roma)
  urban network
Trams in Rome Horse 1877 1905  
Electric 1895   Gauge: 1,445 mm (4 ft 8 78 in)
Rome (Roma) - Tivoli   Steam 1879 1931 Gauge: 1,445 mm (4 ft 8 78 in)
Castelli Romani suburban
  tramway
  Electric 1903 1980 Gauge: 1,445 mm (4 ft 8 78 in)

Liguria[edit]

Location Relevant Wikipedia Article Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Genoa (Genova)   Horse 1878  ?  
Steam  ?  ?  
Electric 1893 1966 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in). Metro line opened 13 June 1990 uses former tramway tunnel.
Imperia   Electric 1926 1947 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
Sanremo   Electric 1913 1948  
Savona   Electric 1912 1948 [1] Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
Sestri Levante   Horse  ?  ?  
La Spezia   Electric 1902 1953  
Ventimiglia   Electric 1901 1936  

Lombardy (Lombardia)[edit]

Location Relevant Wikipedia Article Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Bergamo   Horse 1875  ?  
Steam 1884 1931  
Electric 1898 1958 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
Bergamo–Albino light rail Electric 25 Apr 2009[2]   Light rail
Brescia   Horse  ?  ?  
Electric 1904 1952  
Como   Electric 1899
1906
1899
1952
Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
Cremona   Electric 1916 1940  
Lecco   Electric 1927 1953  
Mantua (Mantova)   Electric 1914 1932  
Milan (Milano) Trams in Milan Horse 1881 1898  
Electric 1893   Gauge: 1,445 mm (4 ft 8 78 in)
Pavia
Pavia   Electric 1913 1954  
Certosa di Pavia   Horse 1913 1944  
Varese   Electric 1895 1953  
Viggiù   Electric 1912 1951  

Marche[edit]

Location Relevant Wikipedia Article Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Ancona   Horse 1881 1909
Electric 1909 1949  
Offida   Electric 1926 1952  
Pesaro   Electric(?)  ?  ? Peschkes (Part Two, 1987, page 96) states that the existence of this tramway is confirmed only by a single map.

Piedmont (Piemonte)[edit]

Location Relevant Wikipedia Article Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Alessandria   Steam 1880  ?  
Electric 1913 1952  
Biella - Oropa   Electric 1911 1958  
Cuneo   Electric  ?  ?  
MonchieroDogliani   Electric  ?  ?  
Stresa   Electric  ?  ?  
Turin
Turin (Torino) urban network Trams in Turin Horse 1871 1900  
Electric 1898   Gauge: 1,445 mm (4 ft 8 78 in)
♦ Torino – Brusasco   Steam/Electric 1881 1949 Electrified in 1908 to Chivasso, in 1931 from Chivasso to Brusasco.
♦ Torino – Pianezza   Steam/Electric 1884 1951 Electrified in 1930. Branch line to Druento and Venaria Reale.
♦ Torino – Pinerolo   Steam/Electric 1881 1958 Electrified in 1928 to Orbassano, in 1936 to Giaveno.
♦ Torino – Piobesi   Steam/Electric 1882 1936 Electrified in 1928 to Stupinigi. In 1936 became the urban line number 41.
♦ Torino – Poirino   Steam/Electric 1875 1949 Electrified in 1904 to Trofarello, in 1933 from Trofarello to Poirino.
♦ Torino – Rivoli   Electric 1914 1955  
♦ Torino – Saluzzo   Steam/Electric 1881 1950 Gauge: 1,100 mm (3 ft 7 516 in). Storage battery tram from 1930.
♦ Torino – Settimo   Steam/Electric 1884 1954 Electrified in 1924.
♦ Torino – Volpiano   Steam 1884 1931  
Valenza   Electric 1914 1947  

Sardinia (Sardegna)[edit]

Location Relevant Wikipedia Article Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Cagliari   Steam 1888  ?  
Electric 1915 1973 Gauge: 950 mm (3 ft 1 38 in)
Cagliari light rail Electric 17 Mar 2008 [3]   Light rail. Gauge: 950 mm (3 ft 1 38 in). New system created by equipping a section of an existing railway line of Ferrovie della Sardegna as light rail transit.
Sassari Metrosassari Electric 27 Oct 2006 [4][5]   Gauge: 950 mm (3 ft 1 38 in)

Sicily (Sicilia)[edit]

Location Relevant Wikipedia Article Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Catania   Electric 1905 1951 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
Messina   Horse  ?  ?  
Steam 1890 1920  
Electric 1910 1951 Gauge: 950 mm (3 ft 1 38 in)
Trams in Messina Electric 3 Apr 2003    
Palermo   Horse  ?  ?  
Electric 1898 1946 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
Electric 30 Dec 2015    
Trapani   Electric 1919(?) 1952 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)

Tuscany (Toscana)[edit]

Location Relevant Wikipedia Article Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Carrara   Electric 1915 1955  
Florence (Firenze) Trams in Florence Horse  ?  ?  
Steam 1881  ?  
Electric 1890 1958  
Electric 14 Feb 2010    
 Livorno Horse 1881 (*)  ? According to point 15 at http://www.misteromania.it/cartoline_da/livorno.html
Electric 1897 1944(?)  
Massa   Steam 1890 1932  
Montepulciano   Steam  ?  ?  
Pisa   Horse  ?  ?  
Electric 1912 1952 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
Viareggio   Electric 1909 1944(?)  

Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol[edit]

Location Relevant Wikipedia Article Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Bolzano
Bolzano Bolzano Tramway Electric 1909 1948 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
Rittnerbahn Ritten (Soprabolzano/Oberbozen) Electric 1907   Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in). Bolzano to Ritten rack railway section closed in 1966; the Ritten section continues to operate.
Meran
Lana - Meran   Electric  ?  ?  
Meran Meran Tramway Electric 1906 1956 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
Trento - Malè Ferrovia Trento-Malè Electric 1909 1960 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in). Rebuilt 1962 as a conventional railway, it continues to operate today, although no longer as a tramway.

Umbria[edit]

Location Relevant Wikipedia Article Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Perugia Trams in Perugia Electric 1899 1946 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
Terni   Electric 1901 1960  

Veneto[edit]

Location Relevant Wikipedia Article Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Padua (Padova)   Horse 1983 1907  
Electric 1907 1954 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
Trams in Padua Electric 29 October 2007   Translohr.
Treviso   Electric 1910 1938(?) Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
Venice
Lido   Steam 1882  ?  
Electric 1907 1941 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
Mestre   Steam 1891  ?  
Electric 1905 1933 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
Electric 20 Dec 2010   Translohr.
Verona
Verona   Horse 1884  ?  
Electric 1908 1954  
♦ Verona – San Bonifacio   Electric 1912 1961  
CaldieroTregnago   Electric 1921 1956  
VillanovaSan Giovanni Ilarione   Electric 1929 1956  
♦ Verona – Grezzana   Electric 1922 1958  
Vicenza   Electric 1910 1951  

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rebagliati; Dell'Amico. Il tram a Savona 1912-1948 (in Italian). ISBN 88-8055-118-3. 
  2. ^ Tramways & Urban Transit, September 2009, p. 359. Light Rail Transit Association (UK). ISSN 1460-8324.
  3. ^ Tramways & Urban Transit, May 2008, p. 193. Light Rail Transit Association (UK). ISSN 1460-8324.
  4. ^ Tramways & Urban Transit, February 2007, p. 64. Light Rail Transit Association (UK). ISSN 1460-8324.
  5. ^ Notizie dal Mondo dei Tram (2006) (in Italian). Retrieved 3 October 2010.

Bibliography[edit]