List of town tramway systems in Russia

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Tram system in Kazan.

This is a list of town tramway systems in Russia by federal district. It includes all tram systems, past and present. Cities with currently operating systems are indicated in bold. The use of the diamond (♦) symbol indicates where there were (or are) two or more independent tram systems operating concurrently within a single metropolitan area. Those tram systems that operated on other than standard-gauge railway track (where known) are indicated in the 'Notes' column.

Central Federal District[edit]

Name of system Location Traction type Date (from) Date (to) Notes
Trams in Ivanovo Ivanovo (Иваново) Electric 8 Nov 1934 2 Jun 2008[1] Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Trams in Kolomna Kolomna (Коломна) Electric 5 Nov 1948[2] - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Trams in Kursk Kursk (Курск) Electric 18 Apr 1898[3] - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Operation suspended April 1918 – October 1924 and November 1941 – September 1943 because of war.
Trams in Lipetsk Lipetsk (Липецк) Electric 7 Nov 1947[4] - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Trams in Moscow Moscow
(Moskva / Москва)
Horse 22 Jun 1872 1912  
Steam 29 Jul 1886 1922  
Electric 25 Mar 1899[5] - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft). Opened 6 Apr old style.
  Novogireevo (Новогиреево) Horse 1907(?) ? Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Trams in Noginsk Noginsk (Ногинск) Electric 2 Mar 1924 1 Apr 2011[6] Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Operation suspended 1992–1994 and 1 April 2011 – 1 June 2012. Fully single track.
Trams in Oryol Orel (Oryol / Орёл) Electric 4 Nov 1898[7] - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Operation suspended May 1919 – May 1922 and October 1941 – October 1943 because of war.
  Rostov Velikiy
(Ростов Великий)
Horse 1902 1921[8] Standard gauge
Trams in Ryazan Ryazan (Рязань) Electric 3 Jan 1963 15 Apr 2010[9] Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Trams in Smolensk Smolensk (Смоленск)[10] Electric 20 Oct 1901 - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Operation suspended August 1919 – May 1922 and 15 July 1941 – 6 November 1947 because of war.
Trams in Stary Oskol [ru] Stary Oskol
(Старый Оскол)
[11]
Electric 4 Jan 1981 - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
High speed tramway.[12]
Trams in Tula Tula (Тула) Horse 15 Nov 1888 1919  
Electric 7 Nov 1927[13] - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Trams in Tver Tver (Тверь) Electric 28 Aug 1901 14 Nov 2018[14] Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft).[15]
Trams in Voronezh Voronezh (Воронеж) Horse 23 Aug 1891 1919(?)  
Electric 16 May 1926 15 Apr 2009[16] Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Trams in Yaroslavl Yaroslavl (Ярославль) Electric 17 (30) Dec 1900[17] - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)

Far Eastern Federal District[edit]

Name of system Location Traction type Date (from) Date (to) Notes
  Aniva (Анива) Horse ? ?  
Trams in Khabarovsk Khabarovsk (Хабаровск) Electric 11 Nov 1956 - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
  Khavomai (Хавомай) Horse ? ?  
Trams in Komsomolsk-on-Amur [ru] Komsomolsk-na-Amure (Комсомольск-на-Амуре) Electric 6 Nov 1957 - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft). Tram network suspended but not formally closed since 10 Jan 2018.[18]
Trams in Vladivostok Vladivostok (Владивосток) Electric 9 Oct 1912[19] - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)[20]

Siberian Federal District[edit]

Name of system Location Traction type Date (from) Date (to) Notes
Trams in Barnaul Barnaul (Барнаул) Electric Sep 1949[21] - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Express tramway opened 26 September 1985.
Trams in Biysk Biysk (Бийск) Electric 13 Jun 1960[22] - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Trams in Irkutsk Irkutsk (Иркутск) Electric 3 Aug 1947[23] - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Trams in Angarsk Angarsk (Ангарск) Electric 27 Nov 1953[24] - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Trams in Usolye Sibirskoye Usolye Sibirskoye
(Усолье-Сибирское)
Electric 16 Feb 1967[25] - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Trams in Kemerovo Kemerovo (Кемерово) Electric 1 May 1940[26] - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Trams in Cheryomushki Cheryomushki (Черёмушки)
(Sayano-Shushenskaya Dam)
Electric 18 May 1991[27] - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Connects railway station with hydropower dam and generating station.

Trams are double ended.[28]

Trams in Krasnoyarsk Krasnoyarsk (Красноярск) Electric 29 Apr 1958[29] - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Horse 1935[29] ?
Trams in Achinsk Achinsk (Ачинск) Electric 15 Apr 1967[30] - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Trams in Novokuznetsk Novokuznetsk (Новокузнецк) Electric 30 Nov 1933[31] - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Unconnected line on the right bank of the river Tom (Томь) opened 30 November 1969.
Trams in Osinniki [ru] Osinniki (Осинники) Electric 1 Nov 1960[32] - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Trams in Propkopyevsk [ru] Prokopyevsk (Прокопьевск) Electric 18 May 1936[33] - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Unconnected line in eastern extremity opened 5 November 1956, connected with main Prokopyevsk system 1964.
Trams in Novosibirsk Novosibirsk (Новосибирск) Electric 26 Nov 1934[34] - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Unconnected lines on the left bank of the river Ob (Обь) opened 4 May 1941. Tramway service across river Ob, 1955–1992.
Trams in Omsk Omsk (Омск) Electric 8 Nov 1936 - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Trams in Tomsk Tomsk (Томск) Electric 1 May 1949[35] - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)Running in started 25 April 1949.
Trams in Ulan-Ude Ulan-Ude (Улан-Удэ) Electric 16 Dec 1958[36] - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Trams in Ust-Ilimsk Ust-Ilimsk
(Усть-Илимск)
Electric 15 Sep 1988[37] - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
High speed tramway,[12] owned by the timber company that the line serves.[37]
Trams in Malyshev Log [ru] Malyshev Log (Малышев Лог)[38] Electric Nov 1957 1961 Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)

From Kaltan to a mine

Northwestern Federal District[edit]

Name of system Location Traction type Date (from) Date (to) Notes
Trams in Arkhangelsk Arkhangelsk (Архангельск) Electric 26 Jun 1916 21 Jul 2004[39] Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)[39]
From 1916 until its closure, it was the world's northernmost electric town tramway.[39]
Trams in Cherepovets Cherepovets (Череповец) Electric 19 Oct 1956[40] - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Trams in Kaliningrad[41] Kaliningrad (Калининград)
(was: Königsberg)
Horse 26 May 1881 Jun 1901 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3+38 in)
Electric 31 May 1895 - Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3+38 in)
Operation suspended January 1945 – 7 November 1946 because of war.
  Pskov (Псков) Horse 1 (14) Nov 1909 1911 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3+38 in)(?)
Electric 9 (22) Jan 1912 Jul 1941[42] Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3+38 in)
Cheryokha horse tram [ru] Cheryokha (Черёха) Horse 1890 c. 1918[43] Served resort
Trams in Saint Petersburg[44] Saint Petersburg
(Sankt-Peterburg
/ Санкт-Петербург)
Horse 27 Aug 1863[45] Sep 1917 Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)(?)
Steam 1882 1922 Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)(?)
Electric 29 Sep 1907 - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Operation suspended 8 December 1941 – 15 April 1942 because of war. Until 2002 ranked as world's largest operating town tramway (by system length).
  Steam ? ? Sankt-Peterburg / Санкт-Петербург - Ozerki / Озерки, Sestroretsk / Сестрорецк - Kurort / Курорт, branch to Lisi Nos (Лисий Нос).
  ♦ Popovka (Поповка)[46] Horse ? ? Connected Popovka / Поповка with Zakhozhye / Захожье, branch to Peschanka / Песчанка.
  Strelna (Стрельна) Horse ? ?  
  Vyritsa (Вырица)[47] Horse ? ?  
  Sovetsk (Советск) Electric 26 Jul 1901 Oct 1944 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3+38 in)
Closed because of war damage.

The tram network only existed while under German control with the town named Tilsit.[48]

  Staraya Russa
(Старая Русса)[49]
Steam 11 Jun 1922 1 Oct 1923 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3+38 in)

Steam system did not operate from 1 Oct 1922 to 17 June 1923.[49]

Electric 6 Jul 1924 Jul 1941
Trams in Vyborg Vyborg (Выборг)[50] Electric 28 Sep 1912 25 Apr 1957 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3+38 in)
Until 1940 the city was a part of Finland. Operation suspended 23 December 1939 – 22 August 1940, August 1941 – 5 May 1943 and 25 April 1944 – 21 September 1946 because of war. See also: List of town tramway systems in Finland.
Horse tram in Zakhodskoye [ru] Zakhodskoye Gauge: 750 mm (2 ft 5+12 in)

Southern Federal District[edit]

Name of system Location Traction type Date (from) Date (to) Notes
  Abinsk (Абинск)[51] Horse 1914 1919  
Trams in Astrakhan Astrakhan (Астрахань) Electric 24 Jun 1900 25 Jul 2007[52] Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Operation suspended April 1919 – April 1922 because of war.
Reintroduction of a light rail line is being proposed by the Draft Master Plan, with the system to be operational by 2025.
Trams in Grozny Grozny (Грозный)[53] Electric 7 Nov 1932 Dec 1994 Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Closed because of war damage. Virtually all tramway infrastructure was destroyed; no plans for reconstruction are known.
  Ilskaya (Ильский)[54] Horse 1908 1930s  
Trams in Krasnodar Krasnodar (Краснодар) Electric 10 (23) Dec 1900[55] - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
  ♦ Krasnodar (Краснодар) – Pashkovskaya (Пашковская) Petrol 4 Apr 1912 1914  
Electric 14 Dec 1914   Connected to main Krasnodar system 1918.
  Krymsk (Крымск)[56] Horse 1921 1932  
Trams in Novocherkassk Novocherkassk (Новочеркасск)[57] Electric 22 January 1954[58] - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
  Novorossiysk (Новороссийск)[59] Electric 30 May 1934 26 Aug 1969 Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Trams in Pyatigorsk Pyatigorsk (Пятигорск)[60] Electric 14 Sep 1903[61] - Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3+38 in)
Trams in Rostov-on-Don Rostov-on-Don
(Ростов-на-Дону)
[62]
Horse 11 Sep 1887 Dec 1902 -
Electric 2 Jan 1902 - Operation suspended October 1941 – 1 June 1943 because of war.
  Nakhichevan-na-Donu
(Нахичевань-на-Дону)
Horse 21 May 1890 Dec 1902  
Electric 4 Jan 1903   Nakhichevan amalgamated with Rostov in 1928.
Trams in Shakhty Shakhty (Шахты)[63] Electric 7 Nov 1932 7 Dec 2001 Operation suspended 1942 – April 1944 because of war.
Trams in Taganrog Taganrog (Таганрог)[64] Electric 7 Nov 1932 - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Trams in Vladikavkaz Vladikavkaz (Владикавказ) Electric 3 (16) Aug 1904[65] - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Operation suspended 1920 – November 1924 because of war.
  Yeysk (Ейск) Steam 1915 1918  

Ural Federal District[edit]

Name of system Location Traction type Date (from) Date (to) Notes
Trams in Chelyabinsk Chelyabinsk (Челябинск)[66] Electric 9 Jan 1932 - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
  Kopeysk (Копейск) Electric 5 Nov 1949 Feb 1976[67]  
  Chelyabinsk (Челябинск) – Kopeysk (Копейск) Electric Feb 1961 Feb 1976[67]  
  Irbit (Ирбит) Horse 1926 1933[68]  
  Kamensk-Uralsky
(Каменск-Уральский)
(Electric) - - Construction started 1949, not completed. There were three separate projects until 1955.[69]
Trams in Krasnoturinsk Krasnoturinsk (Краснотурьинск) Electric 15 Jan 1954[70] - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Fully single track.
Trams in Magnitogorsk Magnitogorsk (Магнитогорск) Electric 18 Jan 1935[71] - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Trams in Nizhni Tagil Nizhni Tagil
(Нижний Тагил)
[72]
Electric 28 Feb 1937[73] - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Trams in Orsk Orsk (Орск) Electric 5 Dec 1948[74] - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Unconnected line in eastern extremity opened 12 December 1985. Orsk lies on both banks of the river Ural (Урал), the traditional boundary between Europe and Asia.
  Ust-Katav (Усть-Катав) Electric 1973 1997[75] Operation on the test track of Ust-Katav Wagon-Building Plant
Trams in Volchansk Volchansk (Волчанск)[76] Electric 31 Dec 1951 - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Fully single track. Tramway serves a city of just about 10,000 people.
Trams in Karpinsk Karpinsk (Карпинск) Electric 26 Jun 1946 1 Oct 1994[77] Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
  Volchansk (Волчанск) – Karpinsk (Карпинск) Electric Jun 1953 22 Apr 1965[78]  
Trams in Yekaterinburg Yekaterinburg (Екатеринбург)[79] Electric 7 Nov 1929 - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Trams in Zlatoust Zlatoust (Златоуст) Electric 25 Dec 1934[80] - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)

Volga Federal District[edit]

Name of system Location Traction type Date (from) Date (to) Notes
Trams in Izhevsk Izhevsk (Ижевск) Electric 18 Nov 1935[81] - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft), high speed tram[12]
Trams in Kazan[82] Kazan (Казань) Horse 2 Oct 1875 13 Dec 1899 Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)(?)
Electric 2 Dec 1899 - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
  Kirov, Kirov Oblast (Киров)[83] (Electric) - - Construction started 1942, not completed.
Trams in Naberezhnye Chelny Naberezhnye Chelny (Набережные Челны)[84] Electric 8 Oct 1973 - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Trams in Nizhnekamsk Nizhnekamsk (Нижнекамск)[85] Electric 15 Feb 1967 - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Trams in Nizhny Novgorod (formerly Gorky) Nizhny Novgorod (Нижний Новгород)[86] Horse 1908 1918 Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)(?)
Electric 20 May 1896 - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Operation suspended 1 May 1919 – 2 August 1923 because of war.
Trams in Dzerzhinsk Dzerzhinsk (Дзержинск) Electric 7 Nov 1933 18 Dec 2015[87] Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
  Bor (Бор) Horse ? ?  
Trams in Novotroitsk Novotroitsk (Новотроицк) Electric 5 Nov 1956[88] - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
See also: Orsk (above).
  Penza (Пенза) Diesel 1935 1937[89]  
Trams in Perm Perm (Пермь) Electric 7 Nov 1929[90] - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Unconnected line to southwest (Osentsy / Oсенцы) opened 25 October 1957. Connected with main Perm system December 1958.
Trams in Salavat Salavat (Салават) Electric 29 Jul 1957[91] - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Trams in Samara Samara (Самара) Horse 22 Jul 1895 1917 Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Electric 25 Feb 1915 - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Operation suspended 1 March 1919 – 20 July 1920 because of war.
Trams in Saratov Saratov (Саратов) Horse 13 May 1887 1909 Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Electric 22 Oct 1908[92] - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Express tramway opened 1974.
Trams in Ufa Ufa (Уфа) Electric 1 Feb 1937[93] - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
  ♦ Chernikovsk (Черниковск) Electric 16 Aug 1956   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Chernikovsk amalgamated with Ufa in 1956, tramway lines connected in 1958.
Trams in Ulyanovsk Ulyanovsk (Ульяновск)[94] Electric 5 Jan 1954 - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Trams in Volgograd[95] Volgograd (Волгоград) Electric 22 Apr 1913 - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Operation suspended 1920 – 1922 and 23 August 1942 – 26 December 1943 because of war. High speed tramway,[12] initial surface segment opened 1 May 1972. Underground segment opened 5 November 1984.
Krasnoarmeysky [ru]
(Красноармейский)
Electric 6 Nov 1958 - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Unconnected line in southern Volgograd. Depot combined with trolleybus
Trams in Volzhsky Volzhsky (Волжский) Electric 30 Dec 1963 - Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  94. ^ "Ulyanovsk". transphoto.org. Retrieved 5 July 2021.
  95. ^ "Volgograd". transphoto.org. Retrieved 5 July 2021.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]