List of town tramway systems in Spain

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This is a list of town tramway systems in Spain by autonomous community. It includes all tram systems, past and present. Cities with currently operating systems, and those systems themselves, are indicated in bold and blue background colored rows. The use of the diamond (♦) symbol indicates where there were (or are) two or more independent tram systems operating concurrently within a single metropolitan area. Those tram systems that operated on other than standard gauge track (where known) are indicated in the 'Notes' column.

Andalucia[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Cádiz Mule 18__  ?  
Electric 190_ 22 Aug 1964 Reintroduction planned.[citation needed]
  Granada Electric 7 Jul 1904 14 Feb 1974 Heritage tramway planned.[citation needed]
  ♦ Granada – Sierra Nevada Electric 21 Feb 1925 20 Jan 1974  
Jaén Tram Jaén Electric 2 May 2011 May 2011 Operation suspended only about two weeks after system opened, for financial reasons, and still suspended as of 2013.[1]
  Málaga Mule 1881 1903  
Electric 1903 31 Dec 1961 Málaga Metro light metro/light rail system opened 30 July 2014.
  LinaresBaeza Electric 1 Aug 1904 15 Jan 1966  
  ♦ Linares – La Loma Electric 8 Dec 1907 15 Jan 1966  
  Marmolejo Mule 1916 Jul 1936 Operated only during spa season.
  Motril Mule 1884 8 Oct 1922  
  San Lúcar de Barrameda Horse 188_ 19__ Operated only during summer season.
  Seville Mule 5 Sep 1887 1899  
Electric 1899 8 May 1960  
MetroCentro Electric 28 Oct 2007    
Vélez-Málaga Tram Vélez-Málaga Electric 16 Oct 2006 4 Jun 2012 Service suspended in June 2012 because of financial crisis;[2] tram cars subsequently leased to Australia where they began operation in March 2014.[3]

Aragon[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Zaragoza Horse 19 Oct 1885 1903 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
Electric 9 Oct 1902 22 Jan 1976 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in); 600 V DC Trolley pole. Single, double truck & articulated "boston style"; trailers and open cars used.
Zaragoza tram Electric 19 Apr 2011   Standard gauge; one line in operation (Valdespartera–Gran Vía; work on an expansion to Parque Goya will be finished in 2013[needs update]), and 2 planned lines. Trams model: Urbos 3

Asturias[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  ArriondasCovadonga Horse 1 Jan 1908 1930  
  Gijón Mule 30 Mar 1890 1909  
Electric 1909 10 May 1964  
  Mieres Mule 18__ 19__  
  Oviedo Horse 18__ 1922  
Electric traction 1922 1957 Three lines: 1. Ayuntamiento-Lugones; 2. Colloto-Buenavista; 3. La Argañosa-San Lázaro
  Santullano Mule 18__ 1917  
Steam 1917 28 Sep 1934  
  Avilés Horse 1892 1924  
Electric 1924 1955(?)  

Balearic Islands[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  AlaróConsell (Majorca) Mule 5 May 1881 1922  
Petrol 1922 24 Feb 1935 Sporadic operation during 1936 – 1939.
Trams in Palma Palma (Majorca) Mule 9 Sep 1891  ?  
Steam  ?  ?  
Petrol 14 Oct 1921 1940  
Electric 9 Sep 1891 Jan 1959 Reintroduction planned[citation needed]
Tranvía de Sóller Sóller (Majorca) Electric 4 Oct 1913   Gauge: 914 mm (3 ft)
This and Barcelona's Tramvia Blau are Spain's only surviving first-generation tramlines.

Basque Country[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Bermeo - Pedernales Horse 189_ after 1913  
  Bilbao / Bilbo Mule 10 Sep 1876  ?  
Electric 16 Feb 1896 30 Nov 1964
Euskotren Tranbia Electric 18 Dec 2002   Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
  Donostia / San Sebastián Mule 18 Jul 1887 1897  
Electric 1897 11 Jul 1958 Reintroduction planned.[citation needed]
  Irun / Irún - Hondarribia / Fuenterrabía Mule 1 Nov 1893 1919  
Electric 1919 18 Jun 1953  
  Vitoria-Gasteiz Electric 23 Dec 2008   Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in).
See Euskotren Tranbia.

Canary Islands[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Las Palmas
(de Gran Canaria)
Steam 1891 1910 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
Electric 1910 1935 Operation restored with steam traction, one steam locomotive pulling trains of tramcars, 1940–1941.
Reintroduction planned.[citation needed]
  (Santa Cruz de) Tenerife Steam
/ Electric
8 Apr 1901 1956 Gauge: 1,200 mm (3 ft 11 14 in)(?)
Tenerife Tram Electric 2 Jun 2007    

Cantabria[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Santander Steam 1873 1875  
Horse 1875 1908  
Electric 1908 11 Jul 1951  

Castile and León[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Trams in Valladolid Valladolid Mule 22 Dec 1881 18 Apr 1911  
Electric 7 Sep 1910 6 Nov 1933  

Catalonia[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Trams in Barcelona Barcelona Mule 26 Jun 1872 1907  
Steam 1877 1907  
Electric 26 Jan 1899 19 Mar 1971 Note: Closure date does not include the Tramvia Blau line.
Tramvia Blau Electric 29 Oct 1901    
Trambaix Electric 5 April 2004    
Trambesòs Electric 8 May 2004    
  Arrabassada Electric 19 Jul 1911 1938  
  MataróArgentona Electric 27 May 1928 9 Oct 1965  
  MontgatTiana Electric 1 Nov 1916 30 Sep 1955  
  Tarragona Mule 9 Apr 1883 13 Jan 1896  
  TortosaRoquetes Mule 20 Sep 1885 1928  

Extremadura[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Badajoz Horse 23 Mar 1889 1912 (?)  

Galicia[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  A Coruña (La Coruña) Mule 1 Jan 1903 1913  
Electric 1913 Jul 1962  
A Coruña tourist tram Electric Dec 1997[4]   Heritage tramway opened 10 May 1997.[citation needed]
Light rail system in planning.[citation needed]
  Ferrol Electric  ? 1962  
  Pontevedra Steam 12 Jun 1889 1924  
Electric 1924 1943  
  Verín Mule 1909 192_  
  Vigo Electric 10 Aug 1914 30 Dec 1968 Reintroduction planned.[citation needed]

Madrid[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  El Escorial (Electric) - - Construction started 1929, not completed.
Trams in Madrid Madrid Mule 31 May 1871  ?  
Steam 1878  ?  
Electric 1898 1 Jun 1972  
Metro Ligero Electric 24 May 2007   Light rail

Murcia[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Cartagena Mule Sep 1892 1907  
Electric 1907 1959 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
  Murcia Mule Oct 1896 1902  
Steam 1902 1906  
Electric 1906 29 Apr 1929  
Murcia Tram Electric 29 Apr 2007    

Navarre[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Pamplona Electric 23 Sep 1911  ?  

Valencian Community[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Alcoi (Electric) - - Construction started 1895, not completed.
Trams in Alicante Alicante Mule 13 Jul 1893 1902  
Steam 1902 1924  
Electric 1924 14 Nov 1969  
Alicante Tram Electric 15 Aug 2003   Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
Tram trial service began 17 March 1999; full service inaugurated 15 August 2003.
  Carcaixent - Denia Mule 8 Feb 1864 28 Nov 1881 Line upgraded from tramway to railway.
  Novelda (Electric)     Construction started, not completed.
Trams in Valencia Valencia Mule 23 Jun 1876  ?  
Steam 1892  ?  
Electric 1900 20 Jun 1970  
Metrovalencia Electric 21 May 1994   Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
Line 4 (tramway) opened in May 1994.
Metrovalencia is a metre gauge system of tram, light rail, and even commuter rail, all be it with underground metro-like (subway) sections.
  Burriana / Borriana - Grao / Grau Mule  ? 19__  
  Villanueva de Castellón - Puebla Larga Mule 1 Mar 1896  ?  
Steam 1919
1926
1926
1931
Line upgraded from tramway to railway.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sad future for Jaén's 'tram to nowhere'". Tramways & Urban Transit (LRTA Publishing): 125. April 2013. 
  2. ^ "Eurozone crisis: The ghost tramway haunting Spain". BBC News. 17 June 2013. Retrieved 2015-01-03. 
  3. ^ Cabezas, Eugenio (9 July 2013). "El tranvía de Vélez inicia su viaje a Sidney". SUR.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 2014-09-26. 
  4. ^ "Tourist tram". Compañía de Tranvías de La Coruña S.A. 2013. Retrieved 2015-01-03. 

Bibliography[edit]