List of towns in Alberta

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Distribution of Alberta's 107 towns and 11 other communities that meet the legislated population requirements for town status

A town is an urban municipality status type used in the Canadian province of Alberta. Alberta towns are created when communities with populations of at least 1,000 people, where a majority of their buildings are on parcels of land smaller than 1,850 m2, apply to Alberta Municipal Affairs for town status under the authority of the Municipal Government Act.[1] Applications for town status are approved via orders in council made by the Lieutenant Governor in Council under recommendation from the Minister of Municipal Affairs.[1]

Alberta has 107 towns that had a cumulative population of 454,181 and an average population of 4,245 in the 2016 Canadian Census.[2] The number of towns decreased from 109 to 107 on January 1, 2019, when Grande Cache dissolved from town status to become a hamlet[3] and Beaumont changed from town status to city status.[4] Alberta's largest and smallest towns are Okotoks and Granum with populations of 28,881 and 447 respectively.[2] Nobleford is Alberta's newest town, incorporating from village status on February 28, 2018.[5]

When a town's population exceeds 10,000 people, the council may request a change to city status, but the change in incorporated status is not mandatory.[6] Towns with populations less than 1,000, whether their populations have declined below 1,000 or they were incorporated as towns prior to the minimum 1,000 population requirement, are permitted to retain town status.

A total of 699 elected town officials (107 mayors and 592 councillors) provide town governance throughout the province.[7]

The highest frequency of towns in Alberta is found in the Queen Elizabeth II Highway/Highway 2A corridor between Calgary and Edmonton corridor including, from south to north, Crossfield, Carstairs, Didsbury, Olds, Bowden, Innisfail, Penhold, Blackfalds, Ponoka and Millet.

Administration[edit]

Pursuant to Part 5, Division 1 of the Municipal Government Act (MGA), each municipality created under the authority of the MGA is governed by a council. As a requirement of the MGA, a town council consists of an odd number of councillors, one of which is the town's chief elected official (CEO) or mayor. A town council consists of seven councillors by default, but it can consist of a higher or lower odd number if council passes a bylaw altering its size (so long as it does not consist of fewer than three councillors).[1] For the 2017-2021 term, 82 towns have a council of seven, and 25 have a council of five.[8]

Town councils are governed by a mayor and an even number of councillors that are elected by popular vote, resulting in a total odd number of members to avoid tie votes on council matters.[1] All council members are elected under the provisions of the Local Authorities Election Act (LAEA).[9] Mayoral or councillor candidates are required to be residents of their municipality for a minimum of six consecutive months prior to nomination day. The last municipal election was October 16, 2017.

Alberta Municipal Affairs, a ministry of the Cabinet of Alberta, is charged with coordination of all levels of local government.

Administrative duties of towns include public safety, local transit, roads, water service, drainage and waste collection, as well as coordination of infrastructure with provincial and regional authorities (including road construction, education, and health).

List[edit]

The below table is a list of only those urban municipalities in Alberta that are incorporated as towns.

The municipalities of Crowsnest Pass and Jasper are not listed because they are incorporated as specialized municipalities, not towns. For more information on specialized municipalities, see Specialized municipalities of Alberta.

Name Specialized/rural
municipality[10]
Incorporation
date (town)[11]
Municipal
census

population
(year)[12]
Population
(2016)[2]
Population
(2011)[2]
Change
(%)[2]
Land
area
(km²)[2]
Population
density
(per km²)[2]
Athabasca[N 1] Athabasca County September 19, 1911 2,965 2,990 −0.8% 17.65 168.0/km2
Banff Improvement District No. 9 (Banff) January 1, 1990 8,421[N 2]
(2014)
7,851 7,584 +3.5% 4.77 1,645.9/km2
Barrhead Barrhead No. 11, County of November 26, 1946 4,579 4,432 +3.3% 8.17 560.5/km2
Bashaw Camrose County May 1, 1964 830 873 −4.9% 2.99 277.6/km2
Bassano Newell, County of January 16, 1911 1,206 1,282 −5.9% 5.22 231.0/km2
Beaverlodge Grande Prairie No. 1, County of January 24, 1956 2,465 2,365 +4.2% 5.73 430.2/km2
Bentley Lacombe County January 1, 2001 1,122
(2014)
1,078 1,073 +0.5% 2.24 481.3/km2
Black Diamond Foothills No. 31, M.D. of January 1, 1956 2,700 2,373 +13.8% 3.84 703.1/km2
Blackfalds Lacombe County April 1, 1980 9,510
(2016)
9,328 6,300 +48.1% 16.44 567.4/km2
Bon Accord Sturgeon County November 20, 1979 1,529 1,488 +2.8% 2.13 717.8/km2
Bonnyville Bonnyville No. 87, M.D. of February 3, 1948 6,921
(2014)
5,975[13] 6,216 −3.9% 14.18 421.4/km2
Bow Island Forty Mile No. 8, County of February 1, 1912 1,983 2,025 −2.1% 5.81 341.3/km2
Bowden Red Deer County September 1, 1981 1,240 1,241 −0.1% 2.8 442.9/km2
Bruderheim Lamont County September 17, 1980 1,348
(2014)
1,308 1,155 +13.2% 7.12 183.7/km2
Calmar Leduc County January 19, 1954 2,101
(2014)
2,228 1,970 +13.1% 4.68 476.1/km2
Canmore Bighorn No. 8, M.D. of
Kananaskis Improvement District[14]
June 1, 1966 13,077
(2014)
13,992 12,288 +13.9% 69.43 201.5/km2
Cardston Cardston County July 2, 1901 3,585 3,580 +0.1% 8.59 417.3/km2
Carstairs Mountain View County September 1, 1966 4,077 3,442 +18.4% 11.92 342.0/km2
Castor Paintearth No. 18, County of June 27, 1910 929 932 −0.3% 2.63 353.2/km2
Claresholm Willow Creek No. 26, M.D. of August 31, 1905 3,780 3,758 +0.6% 8.11 466.1/km2
Coaldale Lethbridge County January 7, 1952 7,526
(2013)
8,215 7,493 +9.6% 7.99 1,028.2/km2
Coalhurst Lethbridge County June 1, 1995 2,522
(2015)
2,668 1,978 +34.9% 3.11 857.9/km2
Cochrane Rocky View County February 15, 1971 25,122
(2016)
25,853 17,580 +47.1% 29.83 866.7/km2
Coronation Paintearth No. 18, County of April 29, 1912 940 947 −0.7% 3.62 259.7/km2
Crossfield Rocky View County August 1, 1980 2,918
(2014)
2,983 2,853 +4.6% 11.96 249.4/km2
Daysland Flagstaff County April 2, 1907 824 807 +2.1% 1.75 470.9/km2
Devon Leduc County February 24, 1950 6,650
(2014)
6,578 6,515 +1.0% 14.3 460.0/km2
Didsbury Mountain View County September 27, 1906 5,268 4,957 +6.3% 16.37 321.8/km2
Drayton Valley Brazeau County February 1, 1957 7,235 7,118 +1.6% 30.72 235.5/km2
Drumheller[N 3] Kneehill County
Special Area No. 2
Starland County
Wheatland County[15]
March 2, 1916
January 1, 1998
7,982 8,029 −0.6% 108.03 73.9/km2
Eckville Lacombe County July 1, 1966 1,125 1,125 0.0% 1.6 703.1/km2
Edson Yellowhead County September 21, 1911 8,646
(2012)
8,414 8,475 −0.7% 29.72 283.1/km2
Elk Point St. Paul No. 19, County of January 1, 1962 1,646
(2015)
1,452 1,412 +2.8% 4.91 295.7/km2
Fairview Fairview No. 136, M.D. of April 25, 1949 2,998 3,162 −5.2% 11.36 263.9/km2
Falher Smoky River No. 130, M.D. of January 1, 1955 1,047 1,075 −2.6% 2.78 376.6/km2
Fort Macleod[N 4] Willow Creek No. 26, M.D. of March 29, 1912 2,967 3,117 −4.8% 23.41 126.7/km2
Fox Creek Greenview No. 16, M.D. of September 1, 1983 2,112
(2013)
1,971 1,969 +0.1% 12.36 159.5/km2
Gibbons Sturgeon County April 1, 1977 3,159 3,030 +4.3% 7.5 421.2/km2
Granum[N 5] Willow Creek No. 26, M.D. of November 7, 1910 406 447 −9.2% 1.91 212.6/km2
Grimshaw Peace No. 135, M.D. of February 2, 1953 2,718 2,515 +8.1% 7.09 383.4/km2
Hanna Special Area No. 2 April 14, 1914 2,559 2,673 −4.3% 8.81 290.5/km2
Hardisty Flagstaff County November 9, 1910 554 639 −13.3% 5.13 108.0/km2
High Level Mackenzie County September 1, 1983 3,823
(2015)
3,159 3,641 −13.2% 29.2 108.2/km2
High Prairie Big Lakes County January 10, 1950 2,564 2,600 −1.4% 7.22 355.1/km2
High River Foothills No. 31, M.D. of February 12, 1906 13,584 12,930 +5.1% 21.39 635.1/km2
Hinton Yellowhead County December 29, 1958 9,882 9,640 +2.5% 33.52 294.8/km2
Innisfail Red Deer County November 20, 1903 7,953
(2015)
7,847 7,876 −0.4% 19.4 404.5/km2
Irricana Rocky View County June 9, 2005 1,216 1,162 +4.6% 3.23 376.5/km2
Killam Flagstaff County May 1, 1965 989 981 +0.8% 6.75 146.5/km2
Lamont Lamont County May 31, 1968 1,774 1,753 +1.2% 9.2 192.8/km2
Legal Sturgeon County January 1, 1998 1,345 1,225 +9.8% 3.18 423.0/km2
Magrath Cardston County July 24, 1907 2,398
(2015)
2,374 2,217 +7.1% 5.99 396.3/km2
Manning Northern Lights, County of January 1, 1957 1,183 1,164 +1.6% 4.05 292.1/km2
Mayerthorpe Lac Ste. Anne County March 20, 1961 1,320 1,398 −5.6% 4.37 302.1/km2
McLennan Smoky River No. 130, M.D. of February 11, 1948 701 809 −13.3% 3.71 188.9/km2
Milk River Warner No. 5, County of February 7, 1956 892
(2015)
827 811 +2.0% 2.33 354.9/km2
Millet Wetaskiwin No. 10, County of September 1, 1983 1,945 2,092 −7.0% 3.72 522.8/km2
Morinville Sturgeon County April 21, 1911 9,893
(2016)
9,848 8,569 +14.9% 11.15 883.2/km2
Mundare Lamont County January 4, 1951 852 855 −0.4% 4.21 202.4/km2
Nanton Willow Creek No. 26, M.D. of August 9, 1907 2,181[13] 2,132 +2.3% 4.87 447.8/km2
Nobleford Lethbridge County February 28, 2018 1,278 1,000 +27.8% 1.59 803.8/km2
Okotoks Foothills No. 31, M.D. of June 1, 1904 28,016
(2015)
28,881 24,511 +17.8% 19.63 1,471.3/km2
Olds Mountain View County July 1, 1905 8,617
(2014)
9,184 8,235 +11.5% 14.93 615.1/km2
Onoway Lac Ste. Anne County September 1, 2005 1,029 1,039 −1.0% 3.32 309.9/km2
Oyen Special Area No. 3 September 1, 1965 1,006
(2015)
1,001 973 +2.9% 5.28 189.6/km2
Peace River[N 6] Northern Lights, County of
Northern Sunrise County
Peace No. 135, M.D. of[16]
December 1, 1919 6,842 6,729 +1.7% 26.26 260.5/km2
Penhold Red Deer County September 1, 1980 2,842
(2014)
3,277 2,375 +38.0% 5.29 619.5/km2
Picture Butte Lethbridge County January 1, 1960 1,810 1,650 +9.7% 2.85 635.1/km2
Pincher Creek Pincher Creek No. 9, M.D. of May 12, 1906 3,619
(2013)
3,642 3,685 −1.2% 10.09 361.0/km2
Ponoka Ponoka County October 15, 1904 7,229 6,778 +6.7% 17.33 417.1/km2
Provost Provost No. 52, M.D. of December 29, 1952 1,998 2,041 −2.1% 4.72 423.3/km2
Rainbow Lake Mackenzie County September 1, 1995 938
(2015)
795 870 −8.6% 10.76 73.9/km2
Raymond Warner No. 5, County of July 1, 1903 4,202
(2016)
3,708 3,743 −0.9% 6.66 556.8/km2
Redcliff Cypress County August 5, 1912 5,600 5,588 +0.2% 16.25 344.6/km2
Redwater Sturgeon County December 31, 1950 2,116
(2012)
2,053 1,915 +7.2% 20.03 102.5/km2
Rimbey Ponoka County December 13, 1948 2,567 2,378 +7.9% 11.4 225.2/km2
Rocky Mountain House Clearwater County August 31, 1939 7,220
(2015)
6,635 6,933 −4.3% 12.71 522.0/km2
Sedgewick Flagstaff County May 1, 1966 811 857 −5.4% 2.72 298.2/km2
Sexsmith Grande Prairie No. 1, County of October 15, 1979 2,620 2,418 +8.4% 13.24 197.9/km2
Slave Lake Lesser Slave River No. 124, M.D. of August 2, 1965 6,651 6,782 −1.9% 14.44 460.6/km2
Smoky Lake Smoky Lake County February 1, 1962 964 1,022 −5.7% 4.26 226.3/km2
Spirit River Spirit River No. 133, M.D. of September 18, 1951 995 1,025 −2.9% 3.14 316.9/km2
St. Paul[N 7] St. Paul No. 19, County of December 15, 1936 6,004
(2014)
5,827 5,405 +7.8% 8.64 674.4/km2
Stavely Willow Creek No. 26, M.D. of May 25, 1912 541 505 +7.1% 1.83 295.6/km2
Stettler Stettler No. 6, County of November 23, 1906 5,952 5,748 +3.5% 13.14 453.0/km2
Stony Plain Parkland County December 10, 1908 16,127
(2015)
17,189 15,051 +14.2% 35.72 481.2/km2
Strathmore Wheatland County July 6, 1911 13,327
(2015)
13,756 12,305 +11.8% 27.4 502.0/km2
Sundre Mountain View County January 1, 1956 2,695
(2012)
2,729 2,610 +4.6% 11.11 245.6/km2
Swan Hills Big Lakes County January 1, 1967 1,301 1,465 −11.2% 26.12 49.8/km2
Sylvan Lake Red Deer County May 20, 1946 14,310
(2015)
14,816 12,362 +19.9% 23.36 634.2/km2
Taber Taber, M.D. of July 1, 1907 8,380
(2015)
8,428 8,104 +4.0% 15.67 537.8/km2
Thorsby Leduc County January 1, 2017[17] 1,025
(2015)
985 951 +3.6% 3.85 255.8/km2
Three Hills Kneehill County January 1, 1929 3,230
(2012)
3,212 3,198 +0.4% 6.75 475.9/km2
Tofield Beaver County September 10, 1909 2,081 2,182 −4.6% 8.21 253.5/km2
Trochu Kneehill County August 1, 1962 1,058 1,072 −1.3% 2.78 380.6/km2
Turner Valley Foothills No. 31, M.D. of September 1, 1977 2,511
(2015)
2,559 2,167 +18.1% 5.79 442.0/km2
Two Hills Two Hills No. 21, County of January 1, 1955 1,431
(2012)
1,352 1,379 −2.0% 3.38 400.0/km2
Valleyview Greenview No. 16, M.D. of February 5, 1957 1,972
(2013)
1,863 1,761 +5.8% 9.32 199.9/km2
Vauxhall Taber, M.D. of January 1, 1961 1,222 1,288 −5.1% 2.72 449.3/km2
Vegreville Minburn No. 27, County of August 15, 1906 5,758
(2012)
5,708 5,717 −0.2% 14.08 405.4/km2
Vermilion Vermilion River, County of August 27, 1906 4,545
(2012)
4,084 3,930 +3.9% 12.93 315.9/km2
Viking Beaver County November 10, 1952 1,083 1,041 +4.0% 3.7 292.7/km2
Vulcan Vulcan County June 15, 1921 1,917 1,836 +4.4% 6.34 302.4/km2
Wainwright Wainwright No. 61, M.D. of July 14, 1910 6,289
(2013)
6,270 5,925 +5.8% 9.1 689.0/km2
Wembley Grande Prairie No. 1, County of August 1, 1980 1,410
(2012)
1,516 1,383 +9.6% 4.75 319.2/km2
Westlock Westlock County January 7, 1947 5,147
(2015)
5,101 4,823 +5.8% 13.37 381.5/km2
Whitecourt Woodlands County December 20, 1971 10,574
(2013)
10,204 9,605 +6.2% 26.44 385.9/km2
Total towns 454,181 420,498 +8.0% 1,248.01 363.9/km2

New towns[edit]

New town is a former urban municipal status in Alberta that is no longer in use. The authority to incorporate a community as a new town came from The New Towns Act, which was chapter 39 of the Statutes of Alberta, 1956.

At least 12 communities incorporated as a new town between 1956 and 1967. Cynthia and Drayton Valley were the first communities in Alberta to incorporate as new towns on June 1, 1956.[18][19] Drayton Valley did so after only six months of incorporation as a village,[19] and was also the community that operated under new town status for the shortest period – eight months from June 1, 1956 to February 1, 1957.[20]

The last community to incorporate as a new town was Fox Creek on July 19, 1967.[21] Fox Creek was previously unincorporated prior to this date. It remained a new town for just over sixteen years until September 1, 1983 when it changed to town status.[22]

Rainbow Lake was the last community to be recognized as a new town. Its status was changed to that of a town in 1994 when numerous former acts under the authority of Alberta Municipal Affairs were transitioned into the current Municipal Government Act.[23] Rainbow Lake was also the community that operated under new town status for the longest period – nearly 28 years from September 1, 1966 to May 2, 1994.

Other communities that applied for new town status included Slave Lake and Smith. Slave Lake applied, despite already being incorporated, to access additional provincial funding but the application was denied by the provincial cabinet. In the case of Smith, after applying in 1968, its application was denied after the province's feasibility study for the community determined Smith was unlikely to attract further economic development.[24]

Below is a list of the 12 communities that were once incorporated as a new town. All but one of them are resource communities in northern or west–central Alberta and were recently founded communities at their dates of incorporation as new towns. St. Albert was the only community that was not in northern or west–central Alberta and had been incorporated as its own municipality since December 7, 1899.[25]

Former new town Incorporation date
(new town)
Previous
status
Subsequent status
change date
Subsequent
status
Cynthia June 1, 1956[18] Unincorporated May 1, 1959[26] Hamlet[N 8]
Drayton Valley June 1, 1956[19] Village February 1, 1957[20] Town
Fort McMurray June 30, 1964[27] Town September 1, 1980[27] City[N 9]
Fox Creek July 19, 1967[21] Unincorporated September 1, 1983[22] Town
Grande Cache September 1, 1966[29] Unincorporated September 1, 1983[30] Town
High Level June 1, 1965[31] Hamlet September 1, 1983[32] Town
Hinton November 1, 1956[33] Hamlet December 29, 1958[34] Town
Lodgepole July 1, 1956[35] Unincorporated March 1, 1970[36] Hamlet[N 10]
Rainbow Lake September 1, 1966[37] Unincorporated May 2, 1994[23] Town
St. Albert January 1, 1957[25] Town July 3, 1962[25] Town[N 11]
Swan Hills September 1, 1959[39] Unincorporated January 1, 1967[40] Town
Whitecourt August 15, 1961[41] Village December 20, 1971[42] Town

Former towns[edit]

All cities in Alberta[43] and the former cities of Fort McMurray[44] and Strathcona[45] previously held town status in their histories. Other communities that previously held town status include Beverly, Big Valley, Blairmore, Bowness, Carmangay, Coleman, Cynthia, Diamond City, Forest Lawn, Gleichen, Grande Cache, Grand Centre, Grouard, Irvine, Jasper Place, Lac La Biche, Lodgepole, Montgomery and Youngstown.[3][44][46] Of these, the villages of Big Valley, Carmangay and Youngstown are the only communities that remain incorporated municipalities.[47] The others either amalgamated to form other municipalities (Blairmore, Coleman, Grand Centre and Lac La Biche),[48][49][50] were absorbed through annexation by Calgary (Bowness, Forest Lawn and Montgomery)[51] or Edmonton (Beverly and Jasper Place)[52] or dissolved to become hamlets under the jurisdiction of municipal districts (Cynthia, Diamond City, Gleichen, Grande Cache, Grouard, Irvine and Lodgepole).[3][10]

Town status eligibility[edit]

The villages of Stirling, Duchess, and Alberta Beach, with population counts of 1,269, 1,085, and 1,018 respectively,[53] meet the legislated population requirements for town status. There are also at least ten hamletsCardiff, Clairmont, Dunmore, Fort Chipewyan, Grande Cache, La Crete, Lac La Biche, Langdon, Springbrook, and Wabasca – that meet the population requirements for town status.

City status eligibility[edit]

There are currently nine towns – Blackfalds, Canmore, Cochrane, High River, Okotoks, Stony Plain, Strathmore, Sylvan Lake and Whitecourt – that are eligible for city status having populations in excess of 10,000.[53] In addition, the Town of Hinton has expressed interest in incorporating as a city once it surpasses 10,000 people.[54] Its population in 2016 was 9,882.[2] In 2016, the Town of Morinville conducted a municipal census in which it anticipated the town would surpass 10,000; thus the town investigated city status as well as a specialized municipality model with Sturgeon County.[55] The census reported a population of 9,893, which was 107 people shy of the milestone.[53]

Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Athabasca was formerly known as Athabasca Landing prior to August 4, 1913.[11]
  2. ^ Banff's latest municipal census population of 8,421 does not include a shadow (non-permanent) population of 965 for a total combined population of 9,386.[12]
  3. ^ Drumheller originally incorporated as a city on April 3, 1930 but reverted from city status as a result of its amalgamation with the M.D. of Badlands No. 7 in 1998.[11]
  4. ^ Fort Macleod was formerly known as Macleod prior to April 1, 1952.[11]
  5. ^ Granum was formerly known as Leavings prior to March 31, 1908.[11]
  6. ^ Peace River was formerly known as Peace River Crossing prior to May 22, 1916.[11]
  7. ^ St. Paul was formerly known as St. Paul de Métis prior to December 15, 1932.
  8. ^ Cynthia dissolved as development in Cynthia "did not materialize sufficiently to warrant the attention of a Board of Administrators as appointed under the New Towns Act", and did not have "sufficient population or occupied dwellings ... to allow for its establishment into a town or a village under the provisions of The Towns and Villages Act."[26]
  9. ^ Fort McMurray later dissolved from city status on April 1, 1995 and is now designated as an urban service area.[28]
  10. ^ Lodgepole dissolved as development in Lodgepole "did not materialize sufficiently to qualify under the provisions of the Municipal Government Act for the formation of a town or village."[36]
  11. ^ St. Albert later incorporated as a city on January 1, 1977.[38]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Municipal Government Act". Alberta Queen's Printer. Retrieved March 21, 2010.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2018. Retrieved January 12, 2019.
  3. ^ a b c "Order in Council (O.C.) 361/2018". Government of Alberta. November 27, 2018. Retrieved January 13, 2019.
  4. ^ "Order in Council (O.C.) 395/2018". Government of Alberta. December 11, 2018. Retrieved January 14, 2019.
  5. ^ "O.C. 28/2018". Government of Alberta. February 21, 2018. Retrieved March 1, 2018.
  6. ^ "Types of Municipalities in Alberta". Alberta Municipal Affairs. Retrieved March 21, 2010.
  7. ^ "Municipal Profiles (Towns)" (PDF). Alberta Municipal Affairs. Retrieved January 14, 2019.
  8. ^ "Municipal Officials Search". Alberta Municipal Affairs. Retrieved January 14, 2019.
  9. ^ "Local Authorities Election Act". Alberta Queen's Printer. Retrieved March 21, 2010.
  10. ^ a b "Communities Within Specialized and Rural Municipalities" (PDF). Alberta Municipal Affairs. April 9, 2013. Retrieved May 21, 2013.
  11. ^ a b c d e f "Municipal Profiles: Summary Reports (Towns)" (PDF). Alberta Municipal Affairs. May 17, 2013. Retrieved May 21, 2013.
  12. ^ a b "2016 Municipal Affairs Population List" (PDF). Alberta Municipal Affairs. ISBN 978-1-4601-3127-5. Retrieved February 7, 2017.
  13. ^ a b "Population and dwelling count amendments, 2016 Census". Statistics Canada. January 16, 2018. Retrieved February 3, 2018.
  14. ^ "Census Profile - Map : Canmore, Town (Census Subdivision), Alberta". Statistics Canada. March 22, 2013. Retrieved May 21, 2013.
  15. ^ "Census Profile - Map : Drumheller, Town (Census Subdivision), Alberta". Statistics Canada. March 22, 2013. Retrieved May 21, 2013.
  16. ^ "Census Profile - Map : Peace River, Town (Census Subdivision), Alberta". Statistics Canada. March 22, 2013. Retrieved May 21, 2013.
  17. ^ "Order in Council (O.C.) 344/2016" (PDF). Province of Alberta. December 13, 2016. Retrieved December 15, 2016.
  18. ^ a b "The Alberta Gazette, 1956 (Volume 52) – Order in Council 783–56: New Town of Cynthia Established". Government of Alberta. June 11, 1956. pp. 1122–1123. Retrieved October 11, 2015.
  19. ^ a b c "Order in Council (O.C.) 601/56" (PDF). Province of Alberta. May 9, 1956. Retrieved March 13, 2010.
  20. ^ a b "Order in Council (O.C.) 403/57" (PDF). Province of Alberta. March 11, 1957. Retrieved March 13, 2010.
  21. ^ a b "Order in Council (O.C.) 1405/67" (PDF). Province of Alberta. July 19, 1967. Retrieved March 13, 2010.
  22. ^ a b "Order in Council (O.C.) 40/83" (PDF). Province of Alberta. January 12, 1983. Retrieved March 13, 2010.
  23. ^ a b "Transitional Provisions, Consequental Amendments, Repeal and Commencement, Transition from Former Acts to this Act" (PDF). Province of Alberta. May 2, 1994. Retrieved March 13, 2010.
  24. ^ Jack Masson with Edward C. LeSage Jr. (1994). Alberta's Local Governments: Politics and Democracy. The University of Alberta Press. pp. 91–92. ISBN 0-88864-251-2.CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link)
  25. ^ a b c Arlene Borgstede (1985). "The Black Robe's Vision : A History of St. Albert & District (Volume 2)". St. Albert Historical Society. p. 681. Retrieved March 13, 2010.
  26. ^ a b "The Alberta Gazette, 1959 (Volume 55) – Order in Council 760/59: Dissolution of the Town of Cynthia". Government of Alberta. May 19, 1959. p. 911. Retrieved October 11, 2015.
  27. ^ a b Order in Council (O.C.) 930/64, Province of Alberta, June 30, 1964
  28. ^ "Order in Council (O.C.) 817/94" (PDF). Province of Alberta. December 21, 1994. Retrieved March 13, 2010.
  29. ^ "Order in Council (O.C.) 1605/66" (PDF). Province of Alberta. August 30, 1966. Retrieved March 13, 2010.
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