List of cities and towns in Finland

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The following is a 'list of towns in Finland'. In the year 1977 the juridical difference between cities, towns and municipalities were removed. Today only municipalities are recognized, some of which are commonly referred to as towns (kaupunki in Finnish, 'stad' in Swedish). Municipality can decide itself, whether it uses municipality or city / town designation. To date, many decide to use the latter, even though often the places do not even meet the definition of city, made by EU, which is minimum population of 50 000, and minimum population density of 500 inhabitants per square kilometer. Also, even the centre or conurbation of the "city" itself may not be so urban itself. A simple, independent decision in the municipal council is required to change the name of a rural "municipality" (kunta) into a "city" (kaupunki). For towns founded before the 1960s the list includes the year the town was chartered.

A lot of municipal mergers have been made in Finland (and more is yet to come, due a countrywide municipal reform), which also makes it difficult to define "city", because in merger, while population increases a bit, population density decreases. For example, according to the EU definition, Tampere is no longer a city, due completed municipality mergers with Messukylä, Aitolahti and Teisko, decreasing its official population density to 410,5 inhabitants per square kilometer, dated in 1. July 2012. In Finland, the whole municipality area along its borders is officially considered the city or town area. From there on, villages, possible conurbation areas, and administrative center area (which consists the city center and districts of the city) are distinguished quite accurately in official concepts.

The names used in this encyclopedia are usually the Finnish or Swedish forms, depending on the majority language of the municipality, which is common practice where there is no independent English name.

Towns (founded)[edit]

Map of Finland
Finnish Name Swedish Name District Year of foundation Population[1]
Akaa Ackas 2007 17052
Alajärvi 1986 9973
Alavus Alavo 1977 12020
Espoo Esbo Helsinki 1972 270416
Forssa 1964 17389
Haapajärvi Aspsjö 1977 7424
Haapavesi 1996 7157
Hamina Fredrikshamn 1653 20800
Hanko Hangö 1874 8835
Harjavalta 1977 7268
Haukipudas 1866 [1]
Heinola 1839 19498
Helsinki Helsingfors 1550 629512
Huittinen Vittis 1977 10465
Hyvinkää Hyvinge 1960 46477
Hämeenlinna Tavastehus 1639 67914
Iisalmi Idensalmi 1891 21947
Ikaalinen Ikalis 1977 7166
Imatra 1971 27721
Pietarsaari Jakobstad 1652 19464
Joensuu 1848 75557
Juankoski Strömsdal 1998 4804
Jyväskylä 1837 137392
Jämsä 1977 21460
Järvenpää Träskända Helsinki 1967 41039
Kaarina Sankt Karins Turku 1993 32533
Kajaani Kajana 1651 37646
Kalajoki 1865 12567
Kankaanpää 1972 11730
Kannus 1986 5579
Karkkila Högfors 1977 8966
Kaskinen Kaskö 1785 1301
Kauhajoki 2001 13860
Kauhava 1986 16756
Kauniainen Grankulla Helsinki 1972 9395
Kemi 1869 21766
Kemijärvi Kemiträsk 1973 7749
Kerava Kervo Helsinki 1970 35251
Keuruu Keuru 1986 10087
Kitee Kides 1992 10783
Kiuruvesi 1993 8556
Kokemäki Kumo 1977 7579
Kokkola Karleby 1620 47634
Kotka 1878 54342
Kouvola 1960 85808
Kristiinankaupunki Kristinestad 1649 6798
Kuhmo 1986 8755
Kuopio 1775 112158
Kurikka 1977 21659
Kuusamo 2000 15673
Lahti Lahtis 1905 118885
Laitila Letala 1986 8527
Lappeenranta Villmanstrand 1649 72868
Lapua Lappo 1977 14628
Lieksa 1973 11739
Lohja Lojo 1969 47241
Loimaa 1969 16421
Loviisa Lovisa 1745 15282
Maarianhamina Mariehamn 1861 11521
Mikkeli Sankt Michel 1838 54606
Mänttä-Vilppula Mänttä-Filpula 2009 10564
Naantali Nådendal Turku 1443 18992
Nilsiä 1998 [1]
Nivala 1992 10914
Nokia Tampere 1977 33118
Nurmes 1974 7983
Uusikaarlepyy Nykarleby 1620 7559
Närpiö Närpes 1993 9392
Orimattila 1992 16279
Orivesi 1986 9359
Oulainen Oulais 1977 7597
Oulu Uleåborg 1605 198804
Outokumpu 1977 7145
Paimio Pemar Turku 1997 10626
Parainen Pargas Turku 1977 15456
Parkano 1977 6755
Pieksämäki 1962 18712
Pori Björneborg 1558 85256
Porvoo Borgå Helsinki 1346 50037
Pudasjärvi 2004 8242
Pyhäjärvi 1993 5494
Raahe Brahestad 1649 25126
Raasepori Raseborg 2009 28347
Raisio Reso Turku 1974 24330
Rauma Raumo 1442 39697
Riihimäki 1960 29292
Rovaniemi 1960 61784
Saarijärvi 1986 9880
Salo 1960 53805
Sastamala 2009 25151
Savonlinna Nyslott 1639 35504
Seinäjoki Östermyra 1960 61658
Siuntio Sjundeå Helsinki 1382 6191
Somero 1993 9053
Suonenjoki 1977 7366
Tampere Tammerfors Tampere 1779 225485
Tornio Torneå 1621 22187
Turku Åbo Turku 1200–1300 186030
Ulvila Ulvsby 1365 to 1558, later 2000 13334
Uusikaupunki Nystad 1617 15469
Vaasa Vasa 1606 67495
Valkeakoski 1963 21305
Vantaa Vanda Helsinki 1974 215813
Varkaus 1962 21603
Viitasaari 1996 6654
Virrat Virdois 1977 6972
Ylivieska 1971 15076
Ylöjärvi Tampere 2004 32713
Ähtäri Etseri 1986 6058
Äänekoski 1973 19609

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Ennakkoväkiluku sukupuolen mukaan alueittain, maaliskuu.2016" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 31 March 2016. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Cities in Finland at Wikimedia Commons