List of proper names of stars

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These names of stars that have either been approved by the International Astronomical Union (most by its Working Group on Star Names which has since 2016 been publishing a "List of IAU-approved Star Names", which as of August 2018 included a total of 336 proper names of stars[1]) or which have been in somewhat recent usage. See also the lists of stars by constellation, which give variant names, derivations, and magnitudes.

Of the roughly 10,000 stars visible to the naked eye, only a few hundred have been given proper names in the history of astronomy.[2] Traditional astronomy tends to group stars into asterisms, and give proper names to those, not to individual stars.

Many star names are in origin descriptive of the part of the asterism they are found in; thus Phecda, a corruption of the Arabic -فخذ الدب- fakhth al-dubb "thigh of the bear". Only a handful of the brightest stars have individual proper names not depending on their asterism; so Sirius "the scorcher", Antares "like Mars", Canopus (of uncertain origin), Alphard "the solitary one", Regulus "kinglet"; and arguably Aldebaran "the follower" (of the Pleiades), Procyon "preceding the dog [Sirius]". The same holds for Chinese star names, where most stars are enumerated within their asterisms, with a handful of exceptions such as 織女 "weaving girl" (Vega).

In addition to the limited number of traditional star names, there were some coined in modern times, e.g. "Avior" for Epsilon Carinae (1930), and a number of stars named after people (mostly in the 20th century).

IAU Catalog[edit]

In 2016, the International Astronomical Union (IAU) organized a Working Group on Star Names (WGSN)[3] to catalog and standardize proper names for stars. The WGSN's first bulletin dated July 2016[4] included a table of 125 stars comprising the first two batches of names approved by the WGSN (on 30 June and 20 July 2016) together with names of stars adopted by the IAU Executive Committee Working Group on Public Naming of Planets and Planetary Satellites during the 2015 NameExoWorlds campaign[5] and recognized by the WGSN. Further batches of names were approved on 21 August, 12 September, 5 October and 6 November 2016. These were listed in a table of 102 stars included in the WGSN's second bulletin dated November 2016.[6] The next additions were done on 1 February 2017 (13 new star names), 30 June 2017 (29), 5 September 2017 (41), 17 November 2017 (3), 1 June 2018 (17), and on 10 August 2018 (6). All 336 are included in the current List of IAU-approved Star Names, last updated on 10 August 2018.[1]

In addition, in 2019 the IAU organised its IAU 100 NameExoWorlds campaign to name exoplanets and their host stars. The approved names of 112 exoplanets and their host stars were published on 17 December 2019.[7][8]


In the table below, unless indicated by a "†", the "modern proper name" is that approved by the WGSN and entered in the List of IAU-approved Star Names[1] or otherwise approved by the IAU. The WGSN decided to attribute proper names to individual stars rather than entire multiple systems.[9] For such names relating to members of multiple star systems, and where a component letter (from e.g. Washington Double Star Catalog) is not explicitly listed, the WGSN says that the name should be understood to be attributed to the brightest component by visual brightness.[6] In the "Historical names / comments" column, 'IAU NEW 2015' and 'IAU NEW 2019' denote that the name was approved by the IAU as a consequence of its 2015 and 2019 NameExoWorlds campaigns, respectively.

Constellation Designation Modern proper name Historical names / comments English pronunciation[note 1]
Lynx XO-5 Absolutno IAU NEW 2019 Czech Republic proposal. Fictional substance in the novel Továrna na absolutno by Karel Čapek.
Eridanus α Eridani A Achernar

The name was originally Arabic آخر النهرʾāẖir an-nahr "river's end"

Cassiopeia η Cassiopeiae A Achird Apparently first applied to Eta Cassiopeiae in the Skalnate Pleso Atlas of the Heavens published in 1950, but is not known prior to that.[15] /ˈərd/
Scorpius β Scorpii Aa Acrab The traditional name of the β Scorpii system has been rendered Akrab and Elakrab, derived (like Acrab) from Arabic العقربal-ʿaqrab, "the scorpion". /ˈkræb/
Crux α Crucis Aa Acrux Acrux is a modern contraction of the Bayer designation, coined in the 19th century, but which entered into common use only by the mid 20th century.[16] /ˈkrʌks/
Cancer α Cancri Aa Acubens The name was originally Arabic الزبانىaz-zubāná, "the claws". /ˈækjuːbɛnz/
Leo ζ Leonis Aa Adhafera Also called Aldhafera.

The name is originally from Arabic الضفيرةaḍ-ḍafīra, "the braid (or curl, or strand) (of the lion's mane)"

Canis Major ε Canis Majoris A Adhara

The name is originally from Arabic عذارىʿaḏārá, "virgins". In the Calendarium of Al Achsasi Al Mouakket it is designated أول العذاريʾawwil al-ʿaḏāriyy, translated into Latin as Prima Virginum, "first virgin".

Andromeda ξ Andromedae Adhil The name was originally Arabic الذيلaḏ-ḏayl, 'the train' (lit. 'the tail') /əˈdɪl/
Taurus ε Tauri Aa1 Ain

The name is originally from Arabic عينʿayn, "eye" and was reviewed and adopted by the IAU Executive Committee WG Public Naming of Planets and Planetary Satellites.[1]

Sagittarius ν1 Sagittarii A Ainalrami

from Arabic عين الراميʿayn ar-rāmī "eye of the archer"

Lyra η Lyrae Aa Aladfar

The name is originally from Arabic الأظفرal-ʾuẓfur, "the talons (of the swooping eagle)", shared with μ Lyrae (Alathfar).

Andromeda γ Andromedae Alamak †

The name is originally from Arabic العناق الأرضal-ʿanāq al-ʾarḍ, "the caracal" (desert lynx).

Serpens HD 168746 Alasia IAU NEW 2019 Cypriot proposal. First historically recorded name of Cyprus (mid 15th Century).
Lyra μ Lyrae Alathfar †

The name is originally from Arabic الأظفرal-ʾuẓfur, "the talons (of the swooping eagle)", shared with η Lyrae (Aladfar).

Sagittarius π Sagittarii A Albaldah

The name is originally from Arabic البلدةal-balda, "town". In the Calendarium of Al Achsasi Al Mouakket designated نير البلدةnayyir al-baldah, translated into Latin as Lucida Oppidi "brightest of the town".

Aquarius ε Aquarii Albali

The name is originally from Arabic البالعal-bāliʿ, "the swallower".

Cygnus β1 Cygni Aa Albireo

The source of the name Albireo is not entirely clear.[17]

Corvus α Corvi Alchiba

From Arabic الخباءal-ẖibāʾ, "tent". In the Calendarium of Al Achsasi Al Mouakket designated المنخر الغرابal-manẖar al-ġurāb, translated into Latin as Rostrum Corvi, "beak of the crow".

Ursa Major 80 Ursae Majoris Ca Alcor

From Arabic الخوارal‑ẖawwār, "the faint one".

Taurus η Tauri A Alcyone

Member of the Pleiades open star cluster (M45). Alcyone (Ancient Greek: Ἀλκυόνη Alkuonē) was one of the Pleiades sisters in Greek mythology.

Taurus α Tauri Aldebaran

The name was originally Arabic الدبرانad-dabarān, "the follower (of the Pleiades)".[18]

Cepheus α Cephei Alderamin

From Arabic الذراع اليمينaḏ-ḏirāʿ al-yamīn, "the right arm (of Cepheus)".

Grus γ Gruis Aldhanab

The name was originally Arabic الذنبaḏ-ḏanab, "the tail (of the constellation of the Southern Fish)".

Draco ζ Draconis A Aldhibah

From Arabic الضباعaḍ-ḍibāʿ, "the hyenas", shared with η Draconis.

Delphinus ε Delphini Aldulfin

Shortening of Arabic ذنب الدلفينḏanab ad-dulfīn "tail of the dolphin".

Cepheus β Cephei Aa Alfirk

Arabic الفرقal-firq "the flock", name given by Ulugh Beg to the asterism consisting of α, β and η Cephei.

Capricornus α2 Capricorni A Algedi From Arabic الجدي al-jady "the (male) kid". Alternative traditional names of Al Giedi, Secunda Giedi and Algiedi Secunda. /ælˈdʒiːdi/
Pegasus γ Pegasi Algenib

Arabic الجانبal-jānib "the flank". Algenib is also another name for Mirfak (α Persei).

Leo γ1 Leonis Algieba

Arabic الجبهةal-jabha "the forehead (of the lion)".

Perseus β Persei Aa1 Algol From Arabic رأس الغولraʾs al-ġūl, "head of the ogre". In Egyptian, Horus.[19] /ˈælɡɒl/
Corvus δ Corvi A Algorab The traditional name Algorab is derived from Arabic الغرابal-ġurāb, "the crow"). The WGSN re-designated the star as Algorab in July 2016.[20] /ˈælɡəræb/
Gemini γ Geminorum Aa Alhena Derived from Arabic الهنعةal-hanʿa, "the brand" (on the neck of the camel) /ælˈhiːnə/
Ursa Major ε Ursae Majoris A Alioth Member of the Big Dipper or the Plough (UK). /ˈæliɒθ/
Cygnus ε Cygni Aa Aljanah /ˈældʒənə/
Ursa Major η Ursae Majoris Alkaid Member of the Big Dipper or the Plough (UK). /ælˈkeɪd/
Cepheus ρ2 Cephei Al Kalb al Rai †
Boötes μ1 Boötis Aa Alkalurops /ælkəˈljʊərɒps/
Ursa Major κ Ursae Majoris A Alkaphrah /ælˈkæfrə/
Pegasus υ Pegasi Alkarab /ˈælkəræb/
Crater α Crateris Alkes /ˈælkɛs/
Auriga ε Aurigae Almaaz /ˈælmeɪ.əz/
Andromeda γ Andromedae A Almach /ˈælmæk/
Leo κ Leonis Al Minliar al Asad †
Grus α Gruis Alnair /ælˈnɛər/
Sagittarius γ2 Sagittarii Alnasl From Arabic النصلan-naṣl, "arrowhead".[21] /ælˈnæzəl/
Orion ε Orionis Alnilam Middle star in the belt of Orion. /ˈælnɪlæm/
Orion ζ Orionis Aa Alnitak The traditional name, alternately spelled Al Nitak or Alnitah, is from Arabic النطاقan-niṭāq, "the girdle".[22]:pp314-315 /ˈælnɪtæk/
Scorpius σ Scorpii Aa1 Alniyat /ælˈnaɪæt/
Hydra α Hydrae Alphard /ˈælfɑːrd/
Corona Borealis α Coronae Borealis Alphecca The name نير الفكةnayyir al-fakka "bright (star) of the broken (ring of stars)" is found in the Al Achsasi al Mouakket catalogue (c. 1650).[23] /ælˈfɛkə/
Andromeda α Andromedae Aa Alpheratz /ælˈfɪəræts/
Pisces η Piscium Alpherg /ˈælfɜːrɡ/
Draco μ Draconis A Alrakis From Arabic الراقصar-rāqiṣ, "the dancer"; also spelled Arrakis and Elrakis. /ælˈreɪkɪs/
Pisces α Piscium A Alrescha /ælˈriːʃə/
Draco HD 161693 Alruba /ælˈruːbə/
Draco σ Draconis Alsafi /ælˈseɪfi/
Lynx 31 Lyncis Alsciaukat /ælʃiˈɔːkæt/
Vela δ Velorum Aa Alsephina /ælsɪˈfaɪnə/
Aquila β Aquilae A Alshain /ælˈʃeɪn/
Capricornus ν Capricorni A Alshat /ˈælʃæt/
Aquila α Aquilae Altair From Arabic (النسر) الطائر(an-nasr) aṭ-ṭāʾir, "the flying (eagle)". /ælˈteɪ.ər/
Draco δ Draconis Altais /ˈælteɪs/
Leo λ Leonis Alterf /ˈæltərf/
Canis Major η Canis Majoris Aludra /əˈluːdrə/
Ursa Major ξ Ursae Majoris Aa Alula Australis /əˈluːlə ɔːˈstreɪlɪs/
Ursa Major ν Ursae Majoris Alula Borealis /əˈluːlə bɒriˈælɪs/
Serpens θ1 Serpentis A Alya /ˈeɪliə/
Gemini ξ Geminorum Alzirr alternately spelled Alzir /ˈælzər/
Canis Major HD 43197 Amadioha IAU NEW 2019 Nigerian proposal. After a god in Igbo mythology
Crater WASP-34 Amansinaya IAU NEW 2019 Philippines proposal. Named after Aman Sinaya, deity of the ocean and protector of fishermen in Tagalog mythology.
Pegasus WASP-52 Anadolu IAU NEW 2019 Turkish proposal. Refers to the motherland in Turkish culture.
Aquarius θ Aquarii Ancha /ˈæŋkə/
Eridanus τ2 Eridani Angetenar

The name is originally from Arabic عرجة النهرʿarjat an-nahr, "the bend of the river"[citation needed]

Ursa Major HD 102956 Aniara IAU NEW 2019 Swedish proposal. Name of a spaceship in the eponymous poem by Harry Martinson.
Phoenix α Phoenicis Ankaa /ˈæŋkə/
Vulpecula α Vulpeculae Anser Alternative traditional name is Lucida Anseris.
Scorpius α Scorpii A Antares Ancient Greek Ἀντάρης Antarēs, "like Ares (Mars)". /ænˈtɛəriːz/
Boötes HD 131496 Arcalís IAU NEW 2019 Andorran proposal. After the peak in the north of the country.
Boötes α Boötis Arcturus /ɑːrkˈtjʊərəs/
Sagittarius β2 Sagittarii Arkab Posterior
Sagittarius β1 Sagittarii A Arkab Prior
Lepus α Leporis A Arneb Traditional name Arneb is from the Arabic أرنبʾarnab "hare".[22]:p268 ('Lepus' is Latin for hare). /ˈɑːrnɛb
Sagittarius ζ Sagittarii A Ascella Part of Teapot Asterism. /əˈsɛlə/
Cancer δ Cancri Aa Asellus Australis
Cancer γ Cancri Aa Asellus Borealis
Hydra ε Hydrae Ashlesha
Boötes θ Boötis Asellus Primus † Latin for "first donkey colt"
Boötes ι Boötis Asellus Secundus † Latin for "second donkey colt"
Boötes κ Boötis Asellus Tertius † Latin for "third donkey colt"
Carina ι Carinae Aspidiske
Taurus 21 Tauri A Asterope, Sterope † Member of the Pleiades open star cluster (M45). Asterope was one of the Pleiades sisters in Greek mythology. /(ə)ˈstɛrəpiː/
Canis Major WASP-64 Atakoraka IAU NEW 2019 Togoan proposal. Means the chain of the Atacora, a mountain range.
Draco η Draconis A Athebyne
Perseus ο Persei A Atik /ˈeɪtɪk/
Taurus 27 Tauri Aa1 Atlas Member of the Pleiades open star cluster (M45). Atlas was the Titan god of endurance and astronomy[24] and the father of the Pleiades sisters in Greek mythology. /ˈætləs/
Triangulum Australe α Trianguli Australis Atria /ˈeɪtriə/
Carina ε Carinae A Avior Designated 'Avior' by His Majesty's Nautical Almanac Office for the Royal Air Force in the 1930s.[25]
Cetus HD 224693 Axólotl IAU NEW 2019 Mexican proposal. An axolotl is a culturally significant amphibian; means "water animal" in the Nahuatl language.
Eridanus HD 18742 Ayeyarwady IAU NEW 2019 Myanmar proposal. Named after the country's largest river.
Cygnus π1 Cygni Azelfafage Variously reported as from Arabic السلحفاةas-sulaḥfāh "turtle", الطلف الفرسaṭ-ṭilf al-faras, "horse track", or عزل الدجاجةʿazal ad-dajāja, "tail of the hen" [22]:pp192-197
Eridanus η Eridani Azha

Originally from Arabic أدحي (النعام)ʾudḥiyy (an-naʿām) "nest (of the ostrich)"; later miscopied as أرحى ʾazḥá in medieval manuscripts.

Puppis ξ Puppis Azmidi alternative rendering Asmidiske †
Ursa Minor 8 Ursae Minoris Baekdu IAU NEW 2019 South Korean proposal. Named after the highest mountain on the Korean peninsula.
Ophiuchus GJ 699 Barnard's Star Named after the American astronomer E E Barnard, the first to measure its high proper motion.
Cetus ζ Ceti Aa Baten Kaitos /ˈbeɪtən ˈkeɪtɒs/
Eridanus υ3 Eridani Beemim
Eridanus ο1 Eridani Beid The name is originally from Arabic البيضal-bayḍ, "the eggs". /ˈbaɪd/
Sagittarius HD 181342 Belel IAU NEW 2019 Senegalese proposal. A rare source of water in the North.
Pisces HD 8574 Bélénos IAU NEW 2019 French proposal. A God - of light, the Sun and of health - in Gaulish mythology.
Orion γ Orionis Bellatrix Latin for "female warrior"; applied to this star in the 15th century.[26] /bɛˈleɪtrɪks/
Perseus HAT-P-15 Berehinya IAU NEW 2019 Ukrainian proposal. A deity in the Slavic religion of waters and riverbanks; now a national goddess - "hearth mother, protectress of the earth".
Orion α Orionis Aa Betelgeuse Derived from Arabic يد الجوزاءyad al-jawzāʾ, "the hand of (an old asterism)". /ˈbɛtəldʒuːz, ˈbiːtəl-, -dʒuːs/
Aries 41 Arietis Aa Bharani
Sextans HD 86081 Bibhā IAU NEW 2019 Indian proposal. Bengali pronunciation of Sanskrit Vibha meaning "a bright beam of light".
Pegasus θ Pegasi Biham /ˈbaɪ.æm/
Aquarius HD 206610 Bosona IAU NEW 2019 Bosnia and Herzegovina proposal. Name of the territory of Bosnia in the 10th century.
Aries δ Arietis Botein
Libra σ Librae A Brachium
Mensa HD 38283 Bubup IAU NEW 2019 Australian proposal. Means "child" in the Boonwurrung language.
Andromeda HD 16175 Buna IAU NEW 2019 Ethiopian entry. Commonly used word for coffee.
Aquarius ξ Aquarii Bunda
Carina α Carinae A Canopus Ptolemy's Κάνωβος, after Canopus (Kanōpos, Kanōbos), a pilot from Greek mythology, whose name is itself of uncertain etymology. /kəˈnoʊpəs/
Auriga α Aurigae Aa Capella The traditional name Capella (English: small female goat) is from Latin, and is a diminutive of the Latin Capra (English: female goat).[22]:p86 /kəˈpɛlə/
Cassiopeia β Cassiopeiae A Caph The name is originally Arabic كفkaff, "palm", a residue of an old name of Cassiopeia, الكف الخصيبal-kaff al-ẖaḍīb, "the stained hand"; also known as السنام الناقةas-sanām al-nāqa, "the camel's hump". /ˈkæf/
Gemini α Geminorum Aa Castor /ˈkæstər/
Cassiopeia υ2 Cassiopeiae Castula
Ophiuchus β Ophiuchi Cebalrai /ˌsɛbəlˈreɪ.iː/
Chamaeleon HD 63454 Ceibo IAU NEW 2019 Uruguayan proposal. Name of the native tree that gives rise to the national flower.
Taurus 16 Tauri Celaeno Member of the Pleiades open star cluster (M45). Celaeno was one of the Pleiades sisters in Greek mythology. /sɪˈliːnoʊ/
Ara μ Arae Cervantes IAU NEW 2015 Named after Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, the Spanish author of El Ingenioso Hidalgo Don Quixote de la Mancha.[27]
Ursa Major 47 Ursae Majoris Chalawan IAU NEW 2015 Named after a mythological crocodile king from a Thai folktale.[27]
Taurus θ2 Tauri Aa Chamukuy
Eridanus WASP-50 Chaophraya IAU NEW 2019 Thai proposal. Named after the Chao Phraya River.
Canes Venatici β Canum Venaticorum Aa Chara /ˈkɛərə/
Lyra HAT-P-5 Chason IAU NEW 2019 Slovakian proposal. Ancient Slovak term for the Sun.
Aquila HD 192699 Chechia IAU NEW 2019 Tunisian proposal. A traditional hat and national headdress.
Leo θ Leonis Chertan Alternative traditional name of Chort.
Pisces HD 1502 Citadelle IAU NEW 2019 Haitian proposal. A mountaintop fortress and UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Monoceros HD 52265 Citalá IAU NEW 2019 El Salvadorian proposal. Means "river of stars" in the Nahuat language.
Sculptor HD 4208 Cocibolca IAU NEW 2019 Nicaraguan proposal. Named after the lake.
Cancer 55 Cancri A Copernicus IAU NEW 2015 In honor of the astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus.[27]
Canes Venatici α Canum Venaticorum Aa Cor Caroli Named after Charles I of England by Sir Charles Scarborough[22][28][29]
Hercules ω Herculis A Cujam Traditional name, variously spelled Kajam.
Eridanus β Eridani Cursa

The name is originally from Arabic الكرسيal-kursiyy, "the chair, footstool"

Capricornus β1 Capricorni Aa Dabih /ˈdeɪbiː/
Fornax α Fornacis A Dalim
Cygnus α Cygni Deneb The name is originally from Arabic ذنب الدجاجةḏanab ad-dajāja. In Chinese, Deneb is part of 鵲橋 "Magpie bridge" in the Qi Xi love story. Deneb is one of the vertices of the Summer Triangle. /ˈdɛnɛb/
Capricornus δ Capricorni Aa Deneb Algedi /ˌdɛnɛb ælˈdʒiːdiː/
Leo β Leonis Denebola /dəˈnɛbələ/
Coma Berenices α Comae Berenices A Diadem
Leo HD 96063 Dingolay IAU NEW 2019 Trinidad and Tobago proposal. Means to dance twist and turn, symbolising the national ancestral culture and language.
Cetus β Ceti Diphda /ˈdɪfdə/
Scorpius WASP-17 Dìwö IAU NEW 2019 Costa Rican proposal. Means "the Sun" in the Bribri language.
Fornax WASP-72 Diya IAU NEW 2019 Mauritian proposal. An oil lamp used on special occasions including Diwali.
Centaurus HD 117618 Dofida IAU NEW 2019 Indonesian proposal. Means "our star" in the Nias language.
Ursa Major HAT-P-3 Dombay IAU NEW 2019 Russian proposal. After the resort region in the North Caucasus.
Scorpius δ Scorpii A Dschubba /ˈdʒʌbə/
Ursa Major α Ursae Majoris A Dubhe Member of the Big Dipper or the Plough (UK). /ˈdʌbiː/
Draco ψ1 Draconis A Dziban From the traditional name of Dziban or Dsiban for ψ1 Draconis, derived from Arabic الذئبانِaḏ-ḏiʾbān, meaning "the two wolves" or "the two jackals".[22]:p212 /ˈzaɪbən/
Pisces HD 218566 Ebla IAU NEW 2019 Syrian proposal. Named after an early kingdom in Syria.
Draco ι Draconis Edasich Common name reviewed and adopted by the IAU Executive Committee WG Public Naming of Planets and Planetary Satellites.[1] /ˈɛdəsɪk/
Taurus 17 Tauri Electra Member of the Pleiades open star cluster (M45). Electra was one of the Pleiades sisters in Greek mythology. /ɪˈlɛktrə/
Virgo φ Virginis Elgafar
Columba θ Columbae Elkurud
Taurus β Tauri Aa Elnath Variously El Nath or Alnath, from Arabic النطحan-naṭḥ, meaning "the butting" (i.e. "the bull's horns"). /ɛlˈnæθ/
Draco γ Draconis Eltanin Alternative traditional name of Etamin; both originally from the Arabic constellation name التنينat-tinnīn, "the great serpent". γ Dra was also one of the "Five Camels", Quinque Dromedarii, in Arabic العوائدal‑ʿawāʾid. /ɛlˈteɪnɪn/
Tucana HD 7199 Emiw IAU NEW 2019 Mozambique entry. Represents love in the Makhuwa language.
Pegasus ε Pegasi Enif
Cepheus γ Cephei Aa Errai IAU NEW 2015
Draco 42 Draconis A Fafnir IAU NEW 2015 Named after a Norse mythological dwarf who turned into a dragon.[27]
Scorpius π Scorpii Aa Fang From Chinese name Fáng, "the room".
Cygnus δ Cygni Fawaris
Hydra HD 85951 Felis
Cetus BD−17 63 Felixvarela IAU NEW 2019 Cuban proposal. After Félix Varela, a noted science teacher.
Virgo HD 102195 Flegetonte IAU NEW 2019 Italian proposal. An underworld river of fire in Greek mythology in the poem Divina Commedia by Dante Alighieri.
Piscis Austrinus α Piscis Austrini A Fomalhaut IAU NEW 2015 The name is originally from Arabic فم الحوتfum al-ḥawt, "mouth of the fish". To Persian astrologers this was a Royal star: Haftorang, Watcher of the South. /ˈfoʊməl.hɔːt/
Leo HD 100655 Formosa IAU NEW 2019 China Taipei proposal. Latin for "beautiful". Historical name of Taiwan.
Hercules HAT-P-14 Franz IAU NEW 2019 Austrian proposal. After a character in the movie Sissi.
Cassiopeia ζ Cassiopeiae Fulu From Chinese name 附路 Fùlù, "the auxiliary road".
Draco HD 109246 Funi IAU NEW 2019 Icelandic proposal. Old Icelandic word meaning "fire" or "blaze".
Pisces β Piscium Fumalsamakah
Canis Major ζ Canis Majoris Aa Furud
Scorpius G Scorpii Fuyue From Chinese name Fu Yue.
Crux γ Crucis Gacrux The name "Gacrux" is a contraction of the Bayer designation, coined by astronomer Elijah Hinsdale Burritt (1794–1838).[30][31]
Cancer HD 73534 Gakyid IAU NEW 2019 Bhutan proposal. Means happiness.
Cepheus μ Cephei Garnet Star † Its colour was described as "garnet" by William Herschel. Following Herschel, it was called garnet sidus by Giuseppe Piazzi
Draco λ Draconis Giausar Traditional name, variously spelled Gianfar. /ˈdʒɔːzɑːr/
Corvus γ Corvi A Gienah Also known as Gienah Gurab; the star ε Cygni is also traditionally known as Gienah.[citation needed] /ˈdʒiːnə/
Crux ε Crucis Ginan Traditional name in the culture of the Wardaman people of the Northern territory of Australia.[32]
Lynx WASP-13 Gloas IAU NEW 2019 United Kingdom proposal. Means "to shine (like a star)" in the Manx Gaelic language.
Canis Minor β Canis Minoris A Gomeisa /ɡɒˈmaɪzə/
Scorpius ξ Scorpii Graffias † Italian for "claws"; also once applied to β Scorpii.[33][22]:p367
Draco ξ Draconis A Grumium /ˈɡruːmiəm/
Serpens κ Serpentis Gudja
Sagittarius HD 179949 Gumala IAU NEW 2019 Brunei proposal. A Malay word meaning a magical stone found in snakes, dragons etc.
Ophiuchus 36 Ophiuchi Guniibuu
Centaurus β Centauri Aa Hadar
Auriga η Aurigae Haedus /ˈhiːdəs/
Aries α Arietis Hamal Traditional name (also written Hemal, Hamul, or Ras Hammel), derived from Arabic رأس الحمل‎  raʾs al-ḥamal, "head of the ram", in turn from the name for the constellation as a whole, al-ḥamal, "the ram".[22]:pp78,80
Auriga ι Aurigae Hassaleh
Orion ι Orionis Aa Hatysa
Pegasus 51 Pegasi Helvetios IAU NEW 2015 Latin for 'the Helvetian' and refers to the Celtic tribe that lived in Switzerland during antiquity.[27]
Virgo ζ Virginis Heze /ˈhiːziː/
Taurus HD 28678 Hoggar IAU NEW 2019 Algerian proposal. After the mountain range.
Pegasus ζ Pegasi A Homam /ˈhoʊmæm/
Triangulum HAT-P-38 Horna IAU NEW 2019 Finnish proposal. Hell or the underworld in Finnic mythology.
Crater HD 98219 Hunahpú IAU NEW 2019 Honduran proposal. One of the twin gods who became the Sun in Mayan mythology.
Hercules HAT-P-2 Hunor IAU NEW 2019 Hungarian proposal. After the legendary ancestor of the nation.
Scorpius ρ Scorpii Aa Iklil
Leo Minor HD 82886 Illyrian IAU NEW 2019 Albanian proposal. People from whom Albanians are descended and what they call themselves.
Crux δ Crucis Imai
Ursa Major 41 Lyncis Intercrus IAU NEW 2015 Intercrus means "between the legs" in Latin style, referring to the star's position in the constellation Ursa Major.[27]
Ara HD 156411 Inquill IAU NEW 2019 Peruvian proposal. A character in the story Way to the Sun by Abraham Valdelomar.
Fornax HD 20868 Intan IAU NEW 2019 Malaysian proposal. Means "diamond" in the Malay language.
Hercules WASP-38 Irena IAU NEW 2019 Slovenian proposal. A character in the novel Under the Free Sun by Fran Saleški Finžgar.
Grus HD 208487 Itonda IAU NEW 2019 Gabonese proposal. In the Myene language, means "all that is beautiful".
Boötes ε Boötis A Izar Originally from Arabic إزارʾizār, "veil". In the Calendarium of Al Achsasi Al Mouakket designated منطقة ألعوعminṭaqat al‑ʿawwaʿ, translated into Latin as Cingulum Latratoris, "belt of barker". Named Pulcherrima (most beautiful) by Otto Struve.[34]
Scorpius ν Scorpii Aa Jabbah
Gemini ο Geminorum Jishui
Cetus γ Ceti A Kaffaljidhma
Lupus α Lupi Kakkab †
Vela HD 83443 Kalausi IAU NEW 2019 Kenyan proposal. Means a very strong whirling column of wind in the Dholuo language.
Corona Borealis HD 145457 Kamui IAU NEW 2019 Japanese proposal. A word denoting a supernatural entity in the Ainu language.
Virgo κ Virginis Kang From Chinese name (Kàng, "the neck}}).
Apus HD 137388 Karaka IAU NEW 2019 New Zealand proposal. Word for a local plant that produces orange fruit in the Māori language.
Sagittarius ε Sagittarii A Kaus Australis Part of Teapot Asterism. /ˈkɔːs ɔːˈstreɪlɪs/
Sagittarius λ Sagittarii Kaus Borealis The top of Teapot Asterism. /ˈkɔːs bɒriˈælɪs/
Sagittarius δ Sagittarii Kaus Media Part of Teapot Asterism. /ˌkɔːs ˈmiːdiə/
Serpens HD 175541 Kaveh IAU NEW 2019 Iranian proposal. A hero of the epic poem Shahnameh composed by Ferdowsi.
Lupus β Lupi Kekouan † .
Eridanus 40 Eridani A Keid /ˈkaɪd/
Virgo λ Virginis A Khambalia
Equuleus α Equulei A Kitalpha /kɪˈtælfə/
Ursa Minor β Ursae Minoris Kochab /ˈkoʊkæb/
Eridanus HIP 12961 Koeia IAU NEW 2019 Puerto Rican proposal. Means "star" in the language of the Taíno people.
Lynx XO-4 Koit IAU NEW 2019 Estonian proposal. Means "dawn" in the Estonian language.
Hercules β Herculis Aa Kornephoros
Corvus β Corvi Kraz
Draco ν Draconis Kuma †
Cepheus ξ Cephei Aa Kurhah
Canes Venatici Y Canum Venaticorum La Superba A modern (19th century) name, due to Angelo Secchi.
Scorpius ε Scorpii Larawag Traditional name in the culture of the Wardaman people of the Northern territory of Australia.[32]
Hydra HAT-P-42 Lerna IAU NEW 2019 Greek proposal. After the lake where the mythical Hydra lived.
Scorpius υ Scorpii Lesath
Aquila ξ Aquilae A Libertas IAU NEW 2015 Latin for 'liberty' ('Aquila' is Latin for 'eagle', a popular symbol of liberty).[27]
Virgo PSR B1257+12 Lich IAU NEW 2015 A neutron star and pulsar with planets. A lich is a fictional undead creature known for controlling other undead creatures with magic.[27]
Ursa Major HD 118203 Liesma IAU NEW 2019 Latvian proposal. Means fire and a character in the poem Staburags un Liesma.
Aries 39 Arietis Lilii Borea
Aquarius HD 212711 Lionrock IAU NEW 2019 China Hong Kong proposal. Named after Lion Rock, a culturally important lion-shaped peak.
Auriga HD 45350 Lucilinburhuc IAU NEW 2019 Luxembourger proposal. After the fortress built in 963 by Count Siegfried, the founder of Luxembourg.
Monoceros HD 45652 Lusitânia IAU NEW 2019 Portugeuse proposal. Ancient name for the region where most of Portugal is situated.
Hercules λ Herculis Maasym
Antlia HD 93083 Macondo IAU NEW 2019 Colombian proposal. Mythical village of the novel Cien anos de soledad by Gabriel García Márquez.
Camelopardalis HD 32518 Mago IAU NEW 2019 German proposal. After the national park in Ethiopia noted for its giraffes.
Auriga θ Aurigae A Mahasim
Ophiuchus HD 152581 Mahsati IAU NEW 2019 Azerbaijani proposal. Named after the poet Mahsati Ganjavi.
Taurus 20 Tauri Maia Member of the Pleiades open star cluster (M45). Maia was one of the Pleiades sisters in Greek mythology. /ˈmeɪ.ə, ˈmaɪ.ə/
Virgo WASP-39 Malmok IAU NEW 2019 Aruban proposal. Indigenous name given to a beach and popular snorkelling spot.
Cassiopeia θ Cassiopeiae Marfark †

The name is originally from Arabic المرفقal-mirfaq, "the elbow"[citation needed]

Ophiuchus λ Ophiuchi A Marfik
Pegasus α Pegasi Markab /ˈmɑːrkæb/
Vela κ Velorum Markeb
Aquarius WASP-6 Márohu IAU NEW 2019 Dominican Republic proposal. God of drought and protector of the Sun.
Hercules κ Herculis A Marsic /ˈmɑːrsɪk/
Pegasus η Pegasi Aa Matar /ˈmeɪtɑːr/
Gemini ε Geminorum Mebsuta /mɛbˈsuːtə/
Ursa Major δ Ursae Majoris Megrez Member of the Big Dipper or the Plough (UK). /ˈmiːɡrɛz/
Orion λ Orionis A Meissa Traditional name deriving from Arabic الميسانal-maysān, "The Shining One".
Gemini ζ Geminorum Aa Mekbuda /mɛkˈbjuːdə/
Cancer ε Cancri Aa Meleph
Auriga β Aurigae Aa Menkalinan /mɛŋˈkælɪnæn/
Cetus α Ceti Menkar Derived from Arabic منخرmanẖar, "nostril", or al‑minẖar, "nose" (of Cetus).[35][22]:p162 /ˈmɛŋkɑːr/
Centaurus θ Centauri Menkent /ˈmɛŋkɛnt/
Perseus ξ Persei Menkib /ˈmɛŋkɪb/
Ursa Major β Ursae Majoris Merak Member of the Big Dipper or the Plough (UK). /ˈmɪəræk/
Boötes 38 Boötis Merga
Corona Australis α Coronae Australis Meridiana
Taurus 23 Tauri Aa Merope Member of the Pleiades open star cluster (M45). Merope was one of the Pleiades sisters in Greek mythology. /ˈmɛrəpi/
Aries γ2 Arietis A Mesarthim
Carina β Carinae Miaplacidus /ˌmaɪəˈplæsɪdəs/
Crux β Crucis Mimosa Also bore the alternative historical name Becrux, a modern contraction of the Bayer designation.[36]
Hydra σ Hydrae Minchir
Virgo δ Virginis Minelauva alternately spelled "Minelava"
Orion δ Orionis Aa Mintaka Right-most star in the belt of Orion. The name Mintaka itself is derived from Arabic منطقةmanṭaqa, "belt".[22]:pp314-315 /ˈmɪntəkə/
Cetus ο Ceti Aa Mira Latin for "wonderful" or "astonishing"; named by Johannes Hevelius in his Historiola Mirae Stellae (1662).
Andromeda β Andromedae Mirach /ˈmaɪræk/
Perseus η Persei A Miram
Perseus α Persei Mirfak
Canis Major β Canis Majoris Mirzam
Perseus κ Persei Aa Misam
Ursa Major ζ Ursae Majoris Aa Mizar

Member of the Big Dipper or the Plough (UK). The name is originally from Arabic المئزرal-miʾzar, "apron, waistband, girdle". Also "Status", one of the "Three Stars" in Chinese mythology, the Lù star is believed to be Zhang Xian, who lived during the Later Shu dynasty. The word specifically refers to the salary of a government official. As such, the Lu star is the star of prosperity, rank, and influence.

Corona Borealis XO-1 Moldoveanu IAU NEW 2019 Romanian proposal. After the highest peak in Romania.
Virgo HD 130322 Mönch IAU NEW 2019 Swiss proposal. A prominent Alpine peak in Switzerland.
Eridanus WASP-70 Montuno IAU NEW 2019 Panamanian proposal. A traditional dancing costume.
Pegasus WASP-60 Morava IAU NEW 2019 Serbian proposal. After the river system.
Delphinus HAT-P-23 Moriah IAU NEW 2019 Palestinian proposal. Ancient name for the mountain in Jerusalem.
Triangulum α Trianguli Mothallah
Eridanus HD 30856 Mouhoun IAU NEW 2019 Burkina Faso proposal. Name of largest river.
Cetus WASP-71 Mpingo IAU NEW 2019 Tanzanian proposal. A tree whose ebony wood is used for musical instruments.
Canis Major γ Canis Majoris Muliphein
Boötes η Boötis Aa Muphrid Alternative traditional spelling of "Mufrid".
Ursa Major ο Ursae Majoris A Muscida /ˈmjuːsɪdə/
Delphinus 18 Delphini Musica IAU NEW 2015 Latin for 'music' (the ancient Greek musician Arion's life was saved at sea by dolphins (Latin: 'delphinus') after attracting their attention by playing his kithara.[27]
Perseus HAT-P-29 Muspelheim IAU NEW 2019 Danish proposal. The Norse mythological realm of fire.
Cancer ξ Cancri Nahn
Dorado WASP-62 Naledi IAU NEW 2019 South African proposal. Means "star" in the Sesotho, SeTswana and SePedi languages.
Puppis ζ Puppis Naos
Sagittarius γ1 Sagittarii A Nash Along with brighter Alnash (γ2 Sagittarii) it makes spout, in Teapot Asterism. It can be
Capricornus γ Capricorni A Nashira
Ursa Major HD 68988 Násti IAU NEW 2019 Norwegian proposal. Means "star" in the Sámi language.
Vela HD 85390 Natasha IAU NEW 2019 Zambian proposal. Means "thank you" in many national languages.
Cassiopeia γ Cassiopeiae Navi † "Navi" is a modern name, due to Gus Grissom (his middle name "Ivan" spelled backward). In Chinese astronomy, it is known as "the whip".
Boötes β Boötis Nekkar
Andromeda 51 Andromedae Nembus
Phoenix HD 6434 Nenque IAU NEW 2019 Ecuadorian proposal. Means "the Sun" in the language of the Waorani tribes.
Auriga HD 49674 Nervia IAU NEW 2019 Belgian proposal. Adapted from Nervii, a Celtic tribe.
Lepus β Leporis A Nihal /ˈnaɪ.æl/
Boötes HD 136418 Nikawiy IAU NEW 2019 Canadian proposal. Means "mother" in the Cree language.
Puppis HD 48265 Nosaxa IAU NEW 2019 Argentinian proposal. Means "spring" in the Moqoit language.
Sagittarius σ Sagittarii Aa Nunki Along with Hecatebolus, it makes the handle in Teapot Asterism. /ˈnʌŋki/
Corona Borealis β Coronae Borealis A Nusakan /ˈnjuːsəkæn/
Cassiopeia HD 17156 Nushagak IAU NEW 2019 United States proposal. Named after the river in Alaska.
Centaurus WASP-15 Nyamien IAU NEW 2019 Ivory Coast proposal. Supreme creator deity of Akan mythology.
Hercules HD 149026 Ogma IAU NEW 2015 Named after Ogma, a deity in Celtic mythology.[27]
Aquila ζ Aquilae Okab
Scorpius τ Scorpii Paikauhale
Pisces WASP-32 Parumleo IAU NEW 2019 Singaporean proposal. Latin for "little lion".
Pavo α Pavonis Aa Peacock Designated "Peacock" (after the constellation) by His Majesty's Nautical Almanac Office for the Royal Air Force in the 1930s.[25]
Aquila WASP-80 Petra IAU NEW 2019 Jordanian proposal. Named after the archaeological city and UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Columba α Columbae Phact /ˈfækt/
Ursa Major γ Ursae Majoris Aa Phecda Member of the Big Dipper or the Plough (UK). Alternative traditional names Phekda or Phad. /ˈfɛkdə/
Ursa Minor γ Ursae Minoris Pherkad /ˈfɜːrkæd/
Aquila HD 192263 Phoenicia IAU NEW 2019 Lebanese proposal. Named after the ancient civilisation.
Cancer λ Cancri A Piautos
Sagittarius HD 164604 Pincoya IAU NEW 2019 Chilean proposal. A female water spirit from local mythology.
Hercules TrES-3 Pipoltr IAU NEW 2019 Liechenstein proposal. A bright and visible butterfly in the local dialect of Triesenberg.
Scorpius μ2 Scorpii A Pipirima
Taurus 28 Tauri Aa Pleione Member of the Pleiades open star cluster (M45). Pleione was the mother of the Pleiades sisters in Greek mythology. /ˈplaɪəniː, ˈpliːəniː/
Tucana HD 221287 Poerava IAU NEW 2019 Cook Islands proposal. Means a large mystical black pearl in the Māori language.
Ursa Minor α Ursae Minoris Polaris Became known as stella polaris ("polar star") during the Renaissance.[10]p. 23 See polar star for other names based on its position close to the celestial pole. /poʊˈlɛərɪs/
Octans σ Octantis Aa Polaris Australis see South Star
Sagittarius μ Sagittarii Aa Polis
Gemini β Geminorum Pollux /ˈpɒləks/
Virgo γ Virginis A Porrima /ˈpɒrɪmə/
Leo Minor 46 Leonis Minoris Praecipua
Taurus γ Tauri A Prima Hyadum
Canis Minor α Canis Minoris A Procyon Greek προκύον prokuon "preceding the Dog (viz. Sirius)"; Latinized as Antecanis. /ˈproʊsiɒn/
Gemini η Geminorum A Propus /ˈproʊpəs/
Centaurus α Centauri C Proxima Centauri Nearest star to the sun. /ˌprɒksɪmə sɛnˈtɔːraɪ/
Eridanus ε Eridani Ran IAU NEW 2015 Named after the Norse goddess of the sea.[27]
Scorpius HD 153950 Rapeto IAU NEW 2019 Malagasy proposal. A giant creature from folklore.
Leo μ Leonis Rasalas /ˈræsəlæs/
Hercules α1 Herculis Aa Rasalgethi also Ras Algethi. /ˌræsəlˈdʒiːθi/
Ophiuchus α Ophiuchi A Rasalhague also Ras Alhague. /ˈræsəlheɪɡ/
Draco β Draconis A Rastaban
Vela γ Velorum Regor † Also known as Suhail and Suhail al Muhlif, which also apply to lambda Velorum /ˈriːɡɔːr/
Leo α Leonis A Regulus Latin for "prince" or "little king". Regulus was known to Persian astrologers as the Royal Star Venant, Watcher of the North. /ˈrɛɡjʊləs/
Pisces ζ Piscium A Revati
Orion β Orionis A Rigel Traditional name first recorded in the Alfonsine Tables of 1252 and derived from the Arabic name الرجل الجوزاء اليسرىar-rijl al-jawzāʾ al-yasrá, "the left leg (foot) of Jauzah" (rijl meaning "leg, foot").[22]:pp312-313 /ˈraɪdʒəl/
Centaurus α Centauri A Rigil Kentaurus The name is originally from Arabic رجل قنطورسrijl qantūris, "foot of the centaur". /ˈraɪdʒəl kɛnˈtɔːrəs/
Ophiuchus HD 149143 Rosalíadecastro IAU NEW 2019 Spanish proposal. After the writer Rosalía de Castro.
Delphinus β Delphini A Rotanev The name appeared in the Piazzi's Palermo Star Catalogue in 1814, added by Niccolo Cacciatore as a prank along with Sualocin (alpha Delphini); Rotanev is Venator, Latin for "Hunter", spelt backwards. Cacciatore is Italian for "Hunter". /ˈroʊtənɛv/
Cassiopeia δ Cassiopeiae Aa Ruchbah Derived from Arabic ركبةrukba, "knee".[37] Alternative historical name Ksora appeared in a 1951 publication, Atlas Coeli (Skalnate Pleso Atlas of the Heavens) by Czech astronomer Antonín Bečvář; Professor Paul Kunitzch has been unable to find any clues as to the origin of the name.[38] /ˈrʌkbə/
Sagittarius α Sagittarii Rukbat /ˈrʌkbæt/
Ophiuchus η Ophiuchi A Sabik /ˈseɪbɪk/
Auriga ζ Aurigae A Saclateni
Aquarius γ Aquarii Aa Sadachbia /səˈdækbiə/
Pegasus μ Pegasi Sadalbari
Aquarius α Aquarii A Sadalmelik
Aquarius β Aquarii A Sadalsuud
Cygnus γ Cygni A Sadr /ˈsædər/
Leo HD 100777 Sagarmatha IAU NEW 2019 Nepalese entry. Nepali name for the world's highest peak (Mount Everest).
Orion κ Orionis Saiph Traditional name from Arabic سیف الجبار sayf al-jabbār, literally sword of the giant.[39]
Pegasus τ Pegasi Salm
Piscis Austrinus HD 205739 Sāmaya IAU NEW 2019 Sri Lankan proposal. Means "peace" in the Sinhalese language.
Sagitta HAT-P-34 Sansuna IAU NEW 2019 Maltese proposal. Mythological giant from Maltese folk tales.
Scorpius θ Scorpii A Sargas /ˈsɑːrɡæs/
Hercules δ Herculis Aa Sarin
Ursa Major θ Ursae Majoris Sarir † [citation needed]
Eridanus 53 Eridani A Sceptrum Formerly "p Sceptri", in the constellation of Sceptrum Brandenburgicum
Pegasus β Pegasi Scheat /ˈʃiːæt/
Cassiopeia α Cassiopeiae Schedar

Also traditionally bore the name Schedir; both originally from Arabic صدرṣadr, "breast"; also الضاة الكرسيaḍ-ḍāh al-kursiyy, "the lady in the chair" (Ulugh Beg), whence Dath Elkarti (Riccoli 1651).

Taurus δ1 Tauri Aa Secunda Hyadum
Cassiopeia ε Cassiopeia Segin Probably originates from an erroneous transcription of Seginus, the traditional name for γ Boötis, which itself is of uncertain origin.[40]
Boötes γ Boötis Aa Seginus Of uncertain origin.[40]
Sagitta α Sagittae Sham /ˈʃæm/
Leo HD 99109 Shama IAU NEW 2019 Pakistani proposal. Urdu literary term meaning "a small lamp" or "flame".
Scorpius HIP 79431 Sharjah IAU NEW 2019 United Arab Emirates proposal. Named after the cultural capital and city of knowledge of the UAE.
Scorpius λ Scorpii Aa Shaula /ˈʃɔːlə/
Lyra β Lyrae Aa1 Sheliak
Aries β Arietis A Sheratan /ˈʃɛrətæn/
Sagittarius HD 181720 Sika IAU NEW 2019 Ghanian proposal. Means "gold" in the Ewe language.
Canis Major α Canis Majoris A Sirius Greek Σείριος "the scorcher"; in Egyptian Sopdet, rendered in Greek as Σῶθις Sōthis. As the brightest star in the sky, Sirius has proper names in numerous cultures, including Polynesian (Maori Takurua; Hawaiian Ka'ulua, "Queen of Heaven", among others). Also known as the Dog Star. /ˈsɪriəs/
Aquarius κ Aquarii A Situla
Aquarius δ Aquarii A Skat
Pegasus BD+14 4599 Solaris IAU NEW 2019 Polish proposal. After the novel by Stanisław Lem.
Virgo α Virginis Aa Spica Other traditional names are Azimech, from Arabic السماك الأعزلas-simāk al-ʾaʿzal, "the undefended", and Alarph, Arabic for "the grape gatherer"; in Indian astronomy known as Chitra "the bright one". /ˈspaɪkə/
Andromeda HAT-P-6 Sterrennacht IAU NEW 2019 Dutch proposal. After the painting by Van Gogh.
Lynx HD 75898 Stribor IAU NEW 2019 Croatian proposal. God of winds in Slavic mythology. Also a character in the book Price iz Davnine by Ivana Brlić-Mažuranić.
Delphinus α Delphini Aa Sualocin The name appeared in the Piazzi's Palermo Star Catalogue in 1814, added by Niccolò Cacciatore as a prank along with Rotanev (beta Delphini); Sualocin is Nicolaus, Latin form of "Niccolò" (Nicholas). /ˈswɒloʊsɪn/
Leo ο Leonis Aa Subra /ˈsuːbrə/
Vela λ Velorum Suhail Traditionally, this name also applied to gamma Velorum, also known as Regor.
Lyra γ Lyrae Sulafat /ˈsuːləfæt/
Virgo ι Virginis Syrma
Orion π3 Orionis Tabit /ˈteɪbɪt/
Lacerta HAT-P-40 Taika IAU NEW 2019 Lithuanian proposal. Means "peace" in Lithuanian.
Ursa Major χ Ursae Majoris Taiyangshou From Chinese name 太陽守 (Tàiyángshǒu, Guard of the Sun).
Draco 8 Draconis Taiyi From Chinese name 太乙 (Tàiyǐ) or 太一 (Tàiyī, the Great One), both of which refer to Tao.
Ursa Major ι Ursae Majoris Aa Talitha or Talitha Borealis, as Talitha originally referred to κ UMa and ι UMa together[citation needed]
Pegasus WASP-21 Tangra IAU NEW 2019 Bulgarian proposal. After the god early Bulgars worshiped.
Ursa Major μ Ursae Majoris A Tania Australis /ˈteɪniə ɔːˈstreɪlɪs/
Ursa Major λ Ursae Majoris A Tania Borealis /ˈteɪniə ˌbɒriˈælɪs/
Carina HD 63765 Tapecue IAU NEW 2019 Bolivian proposal. Means "eternal path" in Guarani and represents the Milky Way.
Aquila γ Aquilae Tarazed Alternative traditional spelling of Tarazet
Cancer β Cancri Tarf
Taurus 19 Tauri Aa Taygeta Member of the Pleiades open star cluster (M45). Taygete was one of the Pleiades sisters in Greek mythology. /teɪˈɪdʒɪtə/
Cancer ζ1 Cancri A Tegmine Alternative traditional name of Tegmen.
Gemini μ Geminorum Aa Tejat Traditional name, also called Tejat Posterior.
Sagittarius ω Sagittarii A Terebellum From Ptolemy's τετράπλευρον tetrapleuron meaning "quadrilateral", a group of four stars of which ω Sag is the brightest[citation needed]
Auriga HAT-P-9 Tevel IAU NEW 2019 Israeli proposal. Means "universe" or "everything" in the Hebrew language.
Orion υ Orionis Thabit † /ˈθeɪbɪt/
Eridanus υ2 Eridani Theemin Also written as Theemim or Beemin. /ˈθiːmən/
Draco α Draconis A Thuban
Grus β Gruis Tiaki
Taurus ζ Tauri A Tianguan

In Chinese 天關 (Tiānguān, English: Celestial Gate). Also reported as Shurnarkabti-sha-shūtū, from Babylonian "the star in the bull towards the south" or "the southern star towards the chariot".[22]:p391

Draco 7 Draconis Tianyi From Chinese name 天乙 (Tiānyǐ) or 天一 (Tiānyī, the Celestial Great One), a deity in Taoism.
Ophiuchus HD 148427 Timir IAU NEW 2019 Bangladeshi proposal. Means "darkness" in Bengali.
Puppis WASP-161 Tislit IAU NEW 2019 Moroccan proposal. Name of a lake; means "the bride" in the Amazigh language; associated with a heartbroken girl in legend.
Andromeda υ Andromedae A Titawin IAU NEW 2015 Named after the settlement in northern Morocco and UNESCO World Heritage Site now known as the medina (old town) of Tétouan.[27]
Eridanus WASP-22 Tojil IAU NEW 2019 Guatemalan proposal. A Mayan deity related to rain, storms and fire.
Centaurus α Centauri B Toliman The name is originally from Arabic ظليمانẓalīmān "two (male) ostriches}}. /ˈtɒlɪmæn/
Camelopardalis HD 104985 Tonatiuh IAU NEW 2015 Named after the Aztec god of the Sun.[27]
Pisces ο Piscium A Torcular
Canes Venatici HAT-P-36 Tuiren IAU NEW 2019 Irish proposal. The aunt of the warrior Fion mac Cumhaill of Irish legend.
Crux HD 108147 Tupā IAU NEW 2019 Paraguayan proposal. A god in the Guarani cosmogony.
Reticulum HD 23079 Tupi IAU NEW 2019 Brazilian proposal. Name of an indigenous people.
Puppis ρ Puppis A Tureis
Hydra ι Hydrae Ukdah
Centaurus HD 102117 Uklun IAU NEW 2019 Pitcairn Islands proposal. Means "us" or "we" in the Pitkern language.
Serpens α Serpentis Unukalhai Arabic عنق الحية ʿunuq al-ḥayya, "the Serpent's Neck", in Latin Cor Serpentis, "Heart of the Serpent". /ˌjuːnək.ælˈheɪ/
Canis Major σ Canis Majoris Unurgunite
Sagitta HD 231708 Uruk IAU NEW 2019 Iraqi proposal. Ancient city of Sumer and Babylonia in Mesopotamia.
Lyra α Lyrae Vega The name is originally from Arabic النسر الواقعan-nasr al-wāqiʿ, "the alighting vulture", also translated as vulture cadens (see also Aetos Dios, Stymphalian birds). As the second brightest star in the northern sky, Vega has names in numerous cultures. In Chinese it is known as 織女 "weaving girl" from the Qi Xi love story. Vega is one of the vertices of the Summer Triangle. /ˈviːɡə, ˈveɪɡə/
Andromeda 14 Andromedae A Veritate IAU NEW 2015 Latin for 'where there is truth'.[27]
Virgo ε Virginis Vindemiatrix Vindemiatrix is Latin for "(female) grape gatherer"
Gemini δ Geminorum Aa Wasat /ˈweɪsət/
Columba β Columbae Wazn
Canis Major δ Canis Majoris Aa Wezen
Phoenix ζ Phoenicis Aa Wurren Traditional name in the culture of the Wardaman people of the Northern territory of Australia.[32]
Scorpius μ1 Scorpii Aa Xamidimura
Lyra HD 173416 Xihe IAU NEW 2019 China Nanjing proposal. Goddess of the Sun in Chinese mythology. Also represents earliest Chinese astronomers and makers of calendars.
Boötes λ Boötis Xuange From Chinese name 玄戈 (Xuángē, Sombre Lance).
Ophiuchus ε Ophiuchi Yed Posterior /ˌjɛd pɒˈstɪəriər/
Ophiuchus δ Ophiuchi Yed Prior /ˌjɛd ˈpraɪər/
Ursa Minor δ Ursae Minoris Yildun
Virgo η Virginis Aa Zaniah /ˈzeɪniə/
Eridanus γ Eridani Zaurak Traditional name, alternatively spelled Zaurac; originally from Arabic زورقzawraq, "boat".[22]:p218 /ˈzɔːræk/
Virgo β Virginis Zavijava /ˌzævɪˈdʒævə/
Hydra υ1 Hydrae A Zhang From Chinese name (Zhāng, Extended Net).
Eridanus ζ Eridani Aa Zibal
Leo δ Leonis Zosma /ˈzɒzmə/
Libra α2 Librae Aa Zubenelgenubi /zuːˌbɛnɛldʒɪˈnuːbi/
Libra γ Librae A Zubenelhakrabi
Libra β Librae Zubeneschamali /zuːˌbɛnɛʃəˈmeɪli/
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Constellation Designation Modern proper name Historical names / comments
Capricornus δ Capricorni Scheddi †
Leo ε Leonis Ras Elased Australis †
Eridanus δ Eridani Rana † Rana is Latin for "frog".
Virgo μ Virginis Rijl al Awwa †
Cygnus ω2 Cygni Ruchba †
Auriga ζ Aurigae Sadatoni †
Ophiuchus ν Ophiuchi Sinistra †
Sagittarius δ Sagittarii Media †
Cetus α Ceti Menkab †
Corvus ε Corvi Minkar †
Canis Major β Canis Majoris Murzim †
Ursa Major π Ursae Majoris Muscida †
Orion ι Orionis Nair Al Saif †
Sagittarius γ2 Sagittarii Nash †
Andromeda 51 Andromedae Nembus †
Capricornus π Capricorni Okul †
Capricornus α Capricorni Giedi †
Scorpius κ Scorpii Girtab †
Perseus ρ Persei Gorgonea Tertia †
Auriga ζ Aurigae Haedus †
Orion λ Orionis Heka
Auriga ζ Aurigae Hoedus (I) †
Auriga η Aurigae Hoedus II †
Auriga ι Aurigae Kabdhilinan †
Capricornus ε Capricorni Kastra †
Draco ν Draconis Kuma †
Ursa Major ι Ursae Majoris Dnoces †
Leo δ Leonis Duhr †
Triangulum α Trianguli Elmuthalleth †
Pisces β Piscium Fum al Samakah †
Triangulum Australe γ Trianguli Australis Gatria †
Sagittarius ζ Sagittarii Askella †
Canes Venatici β Canum Venaticorum Asterion †
Virgo δ Virginis Auva †
Auriga ζ Aurigae Azaleh †
Pegasus θ Pegasi Baham †
Ursa Major η Ursae Majoris Benetnasch †
Triangulum Australe β Trianguli Australis Betria †
Canes Venatici α2 Canum Venaticorum Chara
Ophiuchus β Ophiuchi Cheleb
Serpens β Serpentis Chow †
Delphinus ε Delphini Deneb Dulfim †
Cetus ι Ceti Deneb Kaitos Schemali †
Cetus η Ceti Dheneb †
Aquila ι Aquilae Al Thalimain †
Aquila λ Aquilae Al Thalimain †
Virgo γ Virginis Arich †
Capricornus η Capricorni Armus †
Boötes θ Boötis Asellus Primus †
Boötes ι Boötis Asellus Secundus †
Boötes κ Boötis Asellus Tertius †
Corona Australis α Coronae Australis Alfecca Meridiana †
Cepheus ρ2 Cephei Al Kalb al Rai †
Cepheus ξ Cephei Alkurah †
Leo κ Leonis Al Minliar al Asad †
Cepheus γ Cephei Alrai †
Sagittarius α Sagittarii Alrami †
Gemini η Geminorum Tejat Prior †
Orion υ Orionis Thabit †
Draco ε Draconis Tyl †
Libra γ Librae Zuben-el-Akrab †
Libra δ Librae Zuben-el-Akribi †

|- | Jisung || γ Virginis || Arich † || |}

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Few of these names have established pronunciations in English, and care needs to be taken when interpreting our often contradictory sources. For example, as Kunitzsch & Smart explain in their introduction, they sometimes blend Arabic and English pronunciations in novel ways that Latinized Arabic star names were not traditionally pronounced, such as transcribing a as if it were u, or making ante-penultimate vowels long because they were long in Arabic when a literary English pronunciation would make them short. (In some cases, the result is not a possible combination of sounds in English.) Webster's dictionary, Rumrill and Davis may attempt to render the original Arabic pronunciation using English sounds as approximations, and not distinguish that pseudo-Arabic pronunciation from an English pronunciation that people actually use. (Kunitzsch and the OED do try to distinguish these two cases.) Where sources disagree on Latinized Arabic names, the form closest to the traditional English pronunciation of Latin is followed, with the assumption that the usually unmarked Latin vowel length is as faithful to Arabic as it is to Greek.
  1. ^ a b c d e "Naming Stars". Retrieved 17 June 2018.
  2. ^ The NASA in 1971 compiled a "technical memorandum" collecting a total of 537 named stars.
  3. ^ "IAU Working Group on Star Names (WGSN)". Retrieved 22 May 2016.
  4. ^ "Bulletin of the IAU Working Group on Star Names, No. 1" (PDF). Retrieved 28 July 2016.
  5. ^ "Final Results of NameExoWorlds Public Vote Released" (Press release). 15 December 2015.
  6. ^ a b "Bulletin of the IAU Working Group on Star Names, No. 2" (PDF). Retrieved 16 December 2017.
  7. ^ NameExoWorlds National Campaigns
  8. ^ NameExoWorlds The Approved Names
  9. ^ "WG Triennial Report (2015–2018) – Star Names" (PDF). p. 5. Retrieved 2018-07-14.
  10. ^ a b Kunitzsch, Paul; Smart, Tim (2006). A Dictionary of Modern star Names: A Short Guide to 254 Star Names and Their Derivations (2nd rev. ed.). Cambridge, Massachusetts: Sky Pub. ISBN 978-1-931559-44-7.
  11. ^ Rumrill, H. B. (June 1936). "Star Name Pronunciation". Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific. San Francisco, California. 48 (283). Bibcode:1936PASP...48..139R.
  12. ^ Davis, George A. (1944). "The pronunciations, derivations, and meanings of a selected list of star names". Popular Astronomy. 52: 8–30.
  13. ^ Oxford English Dictionary (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. September 2005.
  14. ^ Merriam-Webster Dictionary
  15. ^ Hoffleit, D.; Warren, W. H. (1995). "VizieR Online Data Catalog: Bright Star Catalogue, 5th Revised Ed. (Hoffleit+, 1991)". VizieR On-line Data Catalog: V/50. Originally Published in: 1964BS....C......0H. 5050. Bibcode:1995yCat.5050....0H.
  16. ^ Memoirs of the Rev. Walter M. Lowrie: missionary to China (1849), p. 93. Described as an "Americanism" in The Geographical Journal, vol. 92, Royal Geographical Society, 1938.
  17. ^ Hinckley 1899 sees the name as originating from a typographical error.Allen, Richard Hinckley (1899). Star-names and their meanings. New York, Leipzig, London, Paris: G. E. Stechert. pp. 196.
  18. ^ Falkner, David E. (2011). "The Winter Constellations". The Mythology of the Night Sky. Patrick Moore's Practical Astronomy Series. p. 19. doi:10.1007/978-1-4614-0137-7_3. ISBN 978-1-4614-0136-0.
  19. ^ Jetsu, L.; Porceddu, S. (2015). "Shifting Milestones of Natural Sciences: The Ancient Egyptian Discovery of Algol's Period Confirmed". PLOS One. 10 (12): e.0144140 (23pp). arXiv:1601.06990. Bibcode:2015PLoSO..1044140J. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0144140. PMC 4683080. PMID 26679699.
  20. ^ "International Astronomical Union | IAU". Retrieved 2017-03-20.
  21. ^ Ridpath, Ian (1989), Star tales, James Clarke & Co., p. 113, ISBN 0-7188-2695-7
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Allen, Richard Hinckley (1963) [1899]. Star Names: Their Lore and Meaning (Reprint ed.). New York, NY: Dover Publications Inc. ISBN 0-486-21079-0.
  23. ^ Knobel, E. B. (June 1895). "Al Achsasi Al Mouakket, on a catalogue of stars in the Calendarium of Mohammad Al Achsasi Al Mouakket". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 55 (8): 429. Bibcode:1895MNRAS..55..429K. doi:10.1093/mnras/55.8.429.
  24. ^ Stenner, Paul (auth.); Martin, Jack. Slaney, Kathleen L. Sugarman, Jeff. (edit.) The Wiley Handbook of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology: Methods, Approaches, and New Directions for Social Sciences. John Wiley & Sons, 2015; pg. 311.
  25. ^ a b Sadler, Donald H. (2008). "A Personal History of H.M. Nautical Almanac Office" (PDF). United Kingdom Hydrographic Office. p. 48. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-12-25. Retrieved 2016-08-02.
  26. ^ Kunitzsch, Paul (1986). "The Star Catalogue Commonly Appended to the Alfonsine Tables". Journal for the History of Astronomy. 17 (49): 89–98. Bibcode:1986JHA....17...89K.
  27. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n NameExoWorlds The Approved Names
  28. ^ Robert Burnham, Jr. Burnham's Celestial Handbook, Volume 1, p. 359.
  29. ^ Ian Ridpath: "Star Tales", Canes Venatici. See also Deborah J. Warner, The Sky Explored: Celestial Cartography 1500–1800.
  30. ^ "Gacrux/Gamma Crucis 2?". Retrieved 2011-11-03.
  31. ^ Lesikar, Arnold V. "Gacrux". Dome Of The Sky. Archived from the original on 2011-09-28. Retrieved 2011-11-03.
  32. ^ a b c "IAU Approves 86 New Star Names From Around the World" (Press release). 11 December 2017.
  33. ^ R. G. Aitken Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific Vol. 36, No. 211 (June, 1924), pp. 124–130 JSTOR 40692425
  34. ^ Norton's Star Atlas, publ. Gall & Inglis, Edinburgh, 2nd Ed., 1959
  35. ^ Kaler, James B., "MENKAR (Alpha Ceti)", Stars, University of Illinois, retrieved 2011-12-24
  36. ^ Hoffleit, Dorrit; Jaschek, Carlos (1991). The Bright star catalogue. New Haven.
  37. ^ Bakich, Michael E. (1995), The Cambridge guide to the constellations, Cambridge University Press, p. 170, ISBN 0-521-44921-9
  38. ^ Kunitzch, Paul; Smart, Tim (2006) [1986]. A Dictionary of Modern Star Names: A Short Guide to 254 Star Names and Their Derivations. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Sky Publishing Corporation. p. 62. ISBN 978-1-931559-44-7.
  39. ^ Kaler, James B., "SAIPH (Kappa Orionis)", Stars, University of Illinois, retrieved 2012-01-27
  40. ^ a b Simpson, Phil (2012). "3". Guidebook to the constellations. New York: Springer. ISBN 9781441969408.

General references[edit]

External links[edit]