List of transistorized computers

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TRADIC

This is a list of transistorized computers, which were digital computers that used discrete transistors as their primary logic elements. Discrete transistors were a feature of logic design for computers from about 1960, when reliable transistors became economically available, until monolithic integrated circuits displaced them in the 1970s. The list is organized by operational date or delivery year to customers. Computers announced, but never completed, are not included. Some very early "transistor" computers may still have included vacuum tubes in the power supply or for auxiliary functions.

1950s[edit]

Harwell CADET
1953
1954
  • Bell Labs TRADIC for U.S. Air Force
1955
  • Harwell CADET demonstrated February 1955, one-off scientific computer
1956
1957
  • Burroughs SM-65 Atlas ICBM Guidance Computer MOD1, AN/GSQ-33 (no relation to Manchester ATLAS)
  • Ramo-Wooldridge (TRW) RW-30 airborne computer[5][6]
  • Univac TRANSTEC,[7] for US Navy
  • Univac ATHENA, US Air Force missile guidance (ground control)
  • IBM 608 transistor calculator (its development was preceded by the prototyping of an experimental all-transistor version of the 604 demonstrated in October 1954), announced 1955, first shipped Dec 1957
1958
Philco 2000
NCR 304
1959
IBM 1401

1960s[edit]

UNIVAC LARC
1960
1961
IBM 7030
1962
ICT 1301
1963
CDC 3800
PDP-6
1964
SDS 930
1965
NCR 315
1967
CDC 6400
1968

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  3. ^ 【Electrotechnical Laboratory】 ETL Mark III Transistor-Based Computer, Information Processing Society of Japan
  4. ^ Early Computers: Brief History, Information Processing Society of Japan
  5. ^ Grabbe, E. M. (February 7, 1957), "The Ramo- Wooldridge Corporation" (PDF), SOME RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN DIGITAL CONTROL SYSTEMS, Instrumentation and Control in the Process Industries Conference, Chicago, p. 5
  6. ^ "The Michigan Technic". LXXVI (4). UM Libraries. January 1958: 61.
  7. ^ Boslaugh, David L. (2003). When Computers Went to Sea: The Digitization of the United States Navy. John Wiley & Sons. p. 113. ISBN 9780471472209.
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  12. ^ [1] RW-300 page 0841
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  14. ^ . 196003.pdf. "REFERENCE INFORMATION: A Survey of European Digital Computers, Part 2". Computers and Automation. 9 (3): 28–29. Mar 1960.
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  16. ^ Beck, Robert Mark (30 December 1960). "PB-250 - A High Speed Serial General Purpose Computer Using Magnetostrictive Delay Line Storage". Managing Requirements Knowledge, International Workshop on(AFIPS): 284. doi:10.1109/afips.1960.58. The first production computer was delivered in October 1960.
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  23. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-09-30. Retrieved 2011-10-19.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  24. ^ "GIER computer specifications". datamuseum.dk.
  25. ^ AUERBACH CORP PHILADELPHIA PA (Jan 1961). "EUROPEAN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY. A REPORT ON THE INDUSTRY AND THE STATE OF THE ART" (pdf): 346.
  26. ^ Weik, Martin H. (Mar 1961). "RW 400". ed-thelen.org. A Third Survey of Domestic Electronic Digital Computing Systems.
  27. ^ [2] RW-400 at Bitsavers
  28. ^ Culler, Glen; Huff, Robert (1962), "Managing Requirements Knowledge, International Workshop on", Solution of Non-Linear Integral Equations Using on-Line Computer Control, Proceedings of the Spring Joint Computer Conference, San Francisco, pp. 129–138
  29. ^ "COMPUTERS AND CENTERS, OVERSEAS: 2. Siemens and Halske A.G., 2002 and 3003 Computing Systems, Munich, Germany". DIGITAL COMPUTER NEWSLETTER. 16 (2): 10–14. Apr 1964.
  30. ^ trw :: BR-133 Brochure May64. May 1964.
  31. ^ [3] AN/UYK-3
  32. ^ Jones, Douglas W. "The PDP-8". THE UNIVERSITY OF IOWA Department of Computer Science. Retrieved May 30, 2018.
  33. ^ a b "Solid Logic Technology: Versatile, High-Performance Microelectronics". IBM JRD. IBM. April 1964. A new microelectronics technique called Solid Logic Technology, or SLT, is utilized in the new family of IBM/360 computers. This new technology provides a hybrid, integrated circuit module which combines discrete, glass-encapsulated silicon transistors and diodes with stencil-screened land patterns and precision passive components.
  34. ^ "Electronic Digital Computer Ural-11 (Урал-11)".
  35. ^ "Electronic Digital Computer Ural-14 (Урал-14)".
  36. ^ "Electronic Digital Computer Ural-16 (Урал-16)".
  37. ^
  38. ^ "AnyCPU - View topic - Early trainer computers from 1965 and 1972". www.anycpu.org.
  39. ^ "Imgur BI-TRAN SIX image galleries". Imgur.
  40. ^ Used for training and research purposes.
  41. ^ Revised in 1969 as Cellatron 8205
  42. ^
  43. ^ U.S. Government Research & Development Reports. National Technical Information Service. 1971. p. 102.