List of tree genera

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The major tree genera are listed below by taxonomic family.

Flowering plants (Magnoliophyta; angiosperms)[edit]

For classification of flowering plants, see APG II system.

Eudicots (together with magnoliids they are called broadleaf or hardwood trees)[edit]

American Sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua, Altingiaceae).

About 210 eudicot families include trees.[1][2]

Phellodendron japonicum (Rutaceae).
Yellow maple (Sapindaceae) in fall.
Common Teak (Tectona grandis, Verbenaceae) in Kolkata, India.

Monocotyledons (Liliopsida)[edit]

Coconut Palm, a monocotyledonous tree.

About 10 Monocotyledon families include trees.[1][2]

Magnoliids (together with eudicots they are called broadleaf or hardwood trees)[edit]

Magnolias bloom.

17 magnoliid families include trees.[1][2]

Conifers (Pinophyta; softwood trees)[edit]

In the foreground Arolla Pines, in the background Norway Spruce - European Larch forest. Swiss Alps.

7 families, all of them include trees.[3]

Podocarpus totara (Podocarpaceae) in New Zealand.

Ginkgos (Ginkgophyta)[edit]

Only one species.

  • Ginkgoaceae (Ginkgo family)

Cycads (Cycadophyta)[edit]

2 families include trees.[3]

Ferns (Pteridophyta)[edit]

Fossil trees[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "Angiosperm Phylogeny Website". Missouri Botanical Garden.
  2. ^ a b c Heywood, V.H., Brummitt, R.K., Culham, A. & Seberg, O. 2007: Flowering Plant Families of the World. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  3. ^ a b "The Gymnosperm Database".